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1
Livestock Guardian Dogs: Working on Common Ground
Livestock Guardian Dogs: Working on Common Ground
::2013/02/25::
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2
Lifestock guardian dogs: The correct behavior in front of Lifestock guardian dogs
Lifestock guardian dogs: The correct behavior in front of Lifestock guardian dogs
::2011/10/04::
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3
Livestock Guardian Dog Anatolian Shepherd Bonding With Baby Chicks
Livestock Guardian Dog Anatolian Shepherd Bonding With Baby Chicks
::2011/03/29::
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4
Farmer Ben
Farmer Ben's Great Pyrenees livestock guardian dog
::2012/03/03::
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5
Working livestock guardian dogs in training (4 months old)
Working livestock guardian dogs in training (4 months old)
::2013/08/06::
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6
Colonial Kangal Livestock Guardian Dogs U.S.A. The Biggest Dogs on Earth!
Colonial Kangal Livestock Guardian Dogs U.S.A. The Biggest Dogs on Earth!
::2013/03/29::
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7
Baby Wolf Meets Sheep ... see what happens
Baby Wolf Meets Sheep ... see what happens
::2014/06/24::
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8
Maremma Pyrenees Livestock Guard Dogs go from play to work in seconds - Old Man Farm
Maremma Pyrenees Livestock Guard Dogs go from play to work in seconds - Old Man Farm
::2013/01/16::
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9
Lamb playing with livestock guardian dogs
Lamb playing with livestock guardian dogs
::2009/07/22::
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10
Puppies, Livestock Guardian Dogs in Training
Puppies, Livestock Guardian Dogs in Training
::2014/01/03::
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11
Great Pyrenees / Anatolian Shepherd Puppies for Sale - Livestock Guardian Dogs October 2010
Great Pyrenees / Anatolian Shepherd Puppies for Sale - Livestock Guardian Dogs October 2010
::2010/11/09::
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12
Livestock Guardian Dogs Boz Shepherd Dogs
Livestock Guardian Dogs Boz Shepherd Dogs
::2013/01/17::
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13
Goat herd and livestock guardian dogs
Goat herd and livestock guardian dogs
::2014/06/27::
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14
REAL LIVESTOCK GUARDIAN DOGS BOZ SHEPHERDS
REAL LIVESTOCK GUARDIAN DOGS BOZ SHEPHERDS
::2013/09/08::
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15
Chicken & Duck friendly Livestock Guardian Dogs.mp4
Chicken & Duck friendly Livestock Guardian Dogs.mp4
::2010/04/29::
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16
Mighty Oaks Farm - Introducing a Livestock Guardian Dog to baby chicks
Mighty Oaks Farm - Introducing a Livestock Guardian Dog to baby chicks
::2014/03/28::
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17
Livestock Guardian Dogs and LGD Puppies
Livestock Guardian Dogs and LGD Puppies
::2012/05/15::
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18
Livestock Guardian Dog and his Flock
Livestock Guardian Dog and his Flock
::2014/07/01::
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19
Sarge, a Maremma Livestock Guardian Dog
Sarge, a Maremma Livestock Guardian Dog
::2014/06/17::
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20
Livestock Guardian Dogs
Livestock Guardian Dogs
::2011/07/27::
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21
Old Man Farm - Sliding Livestock Guardian Dog
Old Man Farm - Sliding Livestock Guardian Dog
::2010/03/26::
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22
Livestock Guardian Dogs - Europe
Livestock Guardian Dogs - Europe
::2014/04/07::
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23
Great Pyrenees Livestock Guardian Dogs - January 2012 puppies
Great Pyrenees Livestock Guardian Dogs - January 2012 puppies
::2012/01/11::
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24
NEW Kangal Puppies! "Colonial Kangals" Livestock Guardian Dogs -Sable
NEW Kangal Puppies! "Colonial Kangals" Livestock Guardian Dogs -Sable's Puppies- 2013
::2013/04/06::
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25
Boz Shepherd Livestock Guardian Dogs
Boz Shepherd Livestock Guardian Dogs
::2012/12/07::
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26
Livestock Guardian Dogs, Boz Shepherds
Livestock Guardian Dogs, Boz Shepherds
::2012/12/04::
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27
Snoring Livestock Guardian Dog
Snoring Livestock Guardian Dog
::2011/03/02::
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28
Livestock Guardian Dog
Livestock Guardian Dog
::2013/06/21::
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29
Turkish Boz Livestock Guardian Dogs Playing
Turkish Boz Livestock Guardian Dogs Playing
::2012/10/09::
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30
Shar our Livestock Guardian Dog
Shar our Livestock Guardian Dog
::2012/08/06::
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31
Great Pyrenees - Working LIvestock Guardian Dogs - April 2012 Puppies for Sale
Great Pyrenees - Working LIvestock Guardian Dogs - April 2012 Puppies for Sale
::2012/04/11::
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32
Livestock Guardian Dogs Playing
Livestock Guardian Dogs Playing
::2012/12/04::
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33
Livestock Guardian Dog feeding chicken
Livestock Guardian Dog feeding chicken
::2013/07/24::
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34
Natural Born Guardian
Natural Born Guardian's Turkish Boz Shepherd and Kangal Livestock Guardian Dogs
::2012/03/22::
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35
Old Man Farm - Livestock Guardian Dogs tussle in new snow
Old Man Farm - Livestock Guardian Dogs tussle in new snow
::2011/01/06::
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36
Our livestock guardian dog, Anna, the Great Pyrenees and the goats in the afternoon
Our livestock guardian dog, Anna, the Great Pyrenees and the goats in the afternoon
::2011/06/02::
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37
Boz and Kangal Livestock Guardian Dogs
Boz and Kangal Livestock Guardian Dogs
::2012/11/22::
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38
Mighty Oaks Farm -  Livestock Guardian Dogs playing
Mighty Oaks Farm - Livestock Guardian Dogs playing
::2013/09/06::
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39
Livestock Guardian Dogs
Livestock Guardian Dogs
::2013/06/21::
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40
Great Pyrenees / Anatolian Shepherd puppies for sale: Livestock Guardian Dogs
Great Pyrenees / Anatolian Shepherd puppies for sale: Livestock Guardian Dogs
::2010/04/13::
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41
Livestock Guardian Puppies - 4 weeks
Livestock Guardian Puppies - 4 weeks
::2011/02/18::
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42
Livestock Guardian Dogs
Livestock Guardian Dogs
::2008/01/20::
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43
Chomby the guardian dog gives lots of kisses to her sheep
Chomby the guardian dog gives lots of kisses to her sheep
::2014/03/02::
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44
Life of a Livestock Guardian Dog
Life of a Livestock Guardian Dog
::2010/05/16::
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45
Livestock guardian dog?
Livestock guardian dog?
::2013/09/04::
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46
Mioritic Ovcharka Puppies  - Livestock Guardian Dogs
Mioritic Ovcharka Puppies - Livestock Guardian Dogs
::2011/01/04::
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47
Old Man Farm - Livestock Guardian Dogs goofing around in the pasture
Old Man Farm - Livestock Guardian Dogs goofing around in the pasture
::2010/06/12::
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48
Young Livestock Guardian Dogs with their Sheep
Young Livestock Guardian Dogs with their Sheep
::2013/10/29::
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49
Livestock Guardian Boz Shepherd Female with maternal instinct.
Livestock Guardian Boz Shepherd Female with maternal instinct.
::2013/01/19::
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50
Great Pyrenees / Anatolian Shepherd Puppies for Sale: Livestock Guardian Dogs - June 2010
Great Pyrenees / Anatolian Shepherd Puppies for Sale: Livestock Guardian Dogs - June 2010
::2010/06/12::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Not to be confused with Herding dog.
A Maremma Sheepdog LGD with its flock of sheep in Australia

A livestock guardian dog (LGD) is a type of pastoral dog bred for the purpose of protecting livestock from predators.

Livestock guardian dogs stay with the group of animals they protect as a full-time member of the flock or herd. Their ability to guard their herd is mainly instinctive, as the dog is bonded to the herd from an early age.[1] Unlike the often smaller herding dogs that control the movement of the livestock, LGDs blend in with them, watching for intruders within the flock. The mere presence of a guardian dog is usually enough to ward off some predators, and LGDs will confront predators by vocal intimidation, barking, and displaying very aggressive behavior. The dog may attack or fight with a predator to protect the flock, if they are not able to drive predators off otherwise.[2] Livestock guardians may actively look for predators within protected territory to catch and destroy them, and there are known cases of dogs luring coyotes to the source of food to hunt them.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The use of dogs in protecting livestock originated over 2000 years ago,[3] with their use being recorded as early as 150 BC in Rome.[4] Both Aristotle's History of Animals and Virgil's Georgics mention the use of livestock guardian dogs by the Molossians in the ancient region of Epirus.[5][6] Many of the modern day livestock guardian dogs are thought to descend from the extinct Molossus breed used by the Molossians.

Training[edit]

A Great Pyrenees with a herd of goats.

The dogs are introduced to livestock as puppies so they "imprint" on the animals. This imprinting is thought to be largely olfactory and occurs between 3 and 16 weeks of age. There are many myths in the west regarding the training of livestock guardian dogs, particularly the very incorrect idea that human contact should be kept to a minimum. Training requires regular, daily handling & management, preferably from birth. Livestock guardian dog breeders who do not handle their dogs should be avoided. A guardian dog is not considered reliable until it is at least 2 years of age as it is still a puppy. Up until that time, supervision, guidance, & correction is needed to teach the dog the skill & rules it needs to do its job. Having older dogs that assist in training younger dogs streamlines this process considerably.

There are even trials underway to protect penguins.[7][8]

In Namibia in Southwest Africa, Anatolians are used to guard goat herds from cheetahs, and are typically imprinted between seven and eight weeks of age. Impoverished Namibian farmers often came into conflict with predatory cheetahs; now, Anatolians usually are able to drive off cheetahs with their barking and displays of aggression.[9]

Traits[edit]

Kazakh shepherd: his and his dogs' primary job is to guard the sheep from predators.
The Komondor´s ability to guard their herd is mainly instinctive

LGDs are generally large and protective, which can make them less than ideal for urban or even suburban living. Nonetheless, despite their size, they can be gentle, make good companion dogs, and are often protective towards children. If introduced to a family as a pup, most LGDs are as protective of their family as a working guard dog is of its flock. In fact, in some communities where LGDs are a tradition, the runt of a litter would often be kept or given as a household pet or simply kept as a village dog without a single owner.

At least 2 dogs may be placed with a flock or herd depending on its size, the type of predators, their number, and the intensity of predation. If predators are scarce, one dog may be adequate though most operations usually require at least two dogs. Large operations (particularly range operations) and heavy predator loads will require more dogs. Both male and female LGDs have proved to be equally effective in protecting of livestock.

The three qualities most sought after in LGDs are trustworthiness, attentiveness and protectiveness—trustworthy in that they do not roam off and are not aggressive with the livestock, attentive in that they are situationally aware of threats by predators, and protective in that they will attempt to drive off predators. Dogs, being social creatures with differing personalities, will take on different roles with the herd and among themselves: most sticking close to the livestock, others tending to follow the shepherd or rancher when one is present, and some drifting farther from the livestock. These differing roles are often complementary in terms of protecting livestock, and experienced ranchers and shepherds sometimes encourage these differences by adjustments in socialization technique so as to increase the effectiveness of their group of dogs in meeting specific predator threats. LGDs that follow the livestock closest assure that a guard dog is on hand if a predator attacks, while LGDs that patrol at the edges of a flock or herd are in a position to keep would-be attackers at a safe distance from livestock. Those dogs that are more attentive tend to alert those that are more passive but perhaps also more trustworthy or less aggressive with the livestock.

While LGDs have been known to fight to the death with predators, in most cases predator attacks are prevented by a display of aggressiveness. LGDs are known to drive off predators that physically they would be no match for, such as bears and even lions. With the reintroduction of predators into natural habitats in Europe and North America, environmentalists have come to appreciate LGDs because they allow sheep and cattle farming to coexist with predators in the same or nearby habitats. Unlike trapping and poisoning, LGDs seldom kill predators; instead, their aggressive behaviors tend to condition predators to seek unguarded (thus, non-farm animal) prey. For instance, in Italy's Gran Sasso National Park, where LGDs and wolves have coexisted for centuries, older, more experienced wolves seem to "know" the LGDs and leave their flocks alone.

List of breeds[edit]

There are many breeds of LGDs, many of which are little known outside of the regions in which they are still worked. Although some breeds are known to display traits advantageous to guarding livestock.Some specialist livestock guarding dog breeds include:


For a more complete list see Jean-Marc Landry: The use of guard dogs in the Swiss Alps: A first analysis. p. 6[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barnes, Elizabeth (1998), "Working like a dog", Mother Earth News (168): 30 
  2. ^ Green, Jeffrey S.; Woodruff, Roger A. (1993). Livestock Guarding Dogs: Protecting Sheep From Predators (Rev. Oct. 1993 ed.). U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. p. 26. Retrieved August 12, 2012. 
  3. ^ Hansen, Inger; Staaland, Theresia; Ringsø, Aud (2002). "Patrolling with Livestock Guard Dogs: A Potential Method to Reduce Predation on Sheep". Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica: Section A, Animal Science 52 (1): 43–48. doi:10.1080/09064700252806416. 
  4. ^ Gehring, Thomas M.; VerCauteren, Kurt C.; Landry, Jean-Marc (2010). "Livestock Protection Dogs in the 21st Century: Is an Ancient Tool Relevant to Modern Conservation Challenges?". BioScience 60 (4): 299–308. doi:10.1525/bio.2010.60.4.8. 
  5. ^ Virgil, The Georgics, Book III line 404-413 
  6. ^ Aristotle, History of Animals 
  7. ^ Warrnambool City Council - Penguin numbers up after world-first maremma trial
  8. ^ [1][dead link]
  9. ^ About the cheetah
  10. ^ Jean-Marc Landry: The use of guard dogs in the Swiss Alps: A first analysis.

External links[edit]

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