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Livestock Guardian Dogs: Working on Common Ground
Livestock Guardian Dogs: Working on Common Ground
Published: 2013/02/25
Channel: Conservation Media
Livestock Guardian Dog Series - Video #1
Livestock Guardian Dog Series - Video #1
Published: 2016/02/06
Channel: Chick-a-Woof Ranch
Top 10 Best Guard Dogs Breeds for Livestock and Poultry Protection
Top 10 Best Guard Dogs Breeds for Livestock and Poultry Protection
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: All About Animal
Livestock Guardian Dogs~Seriously-Do You Really Need One?
Livestock Guardian Dogs~Seriously-Do You Really Need One?
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Appalachia's Homestead with Patara
Livestock Guardian Dogs-Pros & Cons of owning one!
Livestock Guardian Dogs-Pros & Cons of owning one!
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: Homestead Handyman
Livestock guard dogs go from play to work in seconds
Livestock guard dogs go from play to work in seconds
Published: 2015/12/29
Channel: Rumble Viral
Great Pyrenees Livestock Guardian Dogs and Fencing for a new Homestead With Animals
Great Pyrenees Livestock Guardian Dogs and Fencing for a new Homestead With Animals
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: Better Together Life
Defenders of the homestead - Livestock Guardian Dogs
Defenders of the homestead - Livestock Guardian Dogs
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: TheTexasBoys
CENTRAL ASIAN SHEPHERDS THE ULTIMATE LIVE STOCK GUARDIAN
CENTRAL ASIAN SHEPHERDS THE ULTIMATE LIVE STOCK GUARDIAN
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: Dogumentary TV
A Conversation With Romanian Sheepdogs Guard Dogs - Wolf Killers
A Conversation With Romanian Sheepdogs Guard Dogs - Wolf Killers
Published: 2013/10/16
Channel: Dolph C. Volker
TURKISH KANGAL DOGS - ANATOLIAN SHEPHERDS - SIX THOUSAND YEARS OF LIVESTOCK GUARDING PERFECTED
TURKISH KANGAL DOGS - ANATOLIAN SHEPHERDS - SIX THOUSAND YEARS OF LIVESTOCK GUARDING PERFECTED
Published: 2016/08/11
Channel: Dogumentary TV
Black Bear Encounter while Weed Grazing with Goats and Livestock Guardian Dogs
Black Bear Encounter while Weed Grazing with Goats and Livestock Guardian Dogs
Published: 2015/07/08
Channel: Sarplaninec Montana
Earth Eggs Mareema (Guardian Dog) in the paddock with chickens
Earth Eggs Mareema (Guardian Dog) in the paddock with chickens
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: Hood's Earth Produce
5 Best Livestock Guard Dogs
5 Best Livestock Guard Dogs
Published: 2017/01/28
Channel: Smart View
Livestock Guardian Dog Series - Video #10 - "The Barking"
Livestock Guardian Dog Series - Video #10 - "The Barking"
Published: 2016/11/02
Channel: Chick-a-Woof Ranch
Dog Protects Lamb From Wolf - Watch what happens... Barking vs. Dead Silence
Dog Protects Lamb From Wolf - Watch what happens... Barking vs. Dead Silence
Published: 2016/05/08
Channel: camelsandfriends
Livestock guardian dogs come to Texas
Livestock guardian dogs come to Texas
Published: 2016/03/10
Channel: AgriLife Today - Texas Agriculture News
Lifestock guardian dogs: The correct behavior in front of Lifestock guardian dogs
Lifestock guardian dogs: The correct behavior in front of Lifestock guardian dogs
Published: 2011/10/04
Channel: Agridea515
Greg Judy’s KEY to SUCCESS - With LiveStock Guardian DOGS
Greg Judy’s KEY to SUCCESS - With LiveStock Guardian DOGS
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: Justin Rhodes
Livestock Guardian Dog video #10 Behaviors of an LGD
Livestock Guardian Dog video #10 Behaviors of an LGD
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: jsfarms2004
LGD in action
LGD in action
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: Lola Carter
Livestock Guardian Dogs returning from patrol with puppies. - Old Man Farm
Livestock Guardian Dogs returning from patrol with puppies. - Old Man Farm
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: Brooke Oland
Getting Our Akbash Livestock Guardian Dog
Getting Our Akbash Livestock Guardian Dog
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: The Grass-fed Homestead
What is a Livestock Guardian Dog & What is not a LGD.- Collaboration -With Peaches
What is a Livestock Guardian Dog & What is not a LGD.- Collaboration -With Peaches
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: Cog Hill Farm & Homestead
Livestock Guardian Dog Video #9 Training your pup
Livestock Guardian Dog Video #9 Training your pup
Published: 2016/04/20
Channel: jsfarms2004
Best Dog for the Homestead...
Best Dog for the Homestead...
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: Red Poppy Ranch
Livestock guard dogs; Play turns into fight over puppy pecking order.- Old Man Farm
Livestock guard dogs; Play turns into fight over puppy pecking order.- Old Man Farm
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: Brooke Oland
Guarding Dogs Protecting Livestock Sheep USDA
Guarding Dogs Protecting Livestock Sheep USDA
Published: 2014/12/04
Channel: Best Videos Ever
Livestock Guardian Dogs
Livestock Guardian Dogs
Published: 2015/02/21
Channel: 133gaia
Great Pyrenees Guardian Dog with Alpine Goats
Great Pyrenees Guardian Dog with Alpine Goats
Published: 2012/01/31
Channel: Holistic Management Intl. (HMI)
LGD puppies still training with livestock - Old Man Farm
LGD puppies still training with livestock - Old Man Farm
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: Brooke Oland
Akbash livestock guardian dogs
Akbash livestock guardian dogs
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: Kadjain3
Great Pyrenees Livestock Guardian Dogs Protect Orchard
Great Pyrenees Livestock Guardian Dogs Protect Orchard
Published: 2015/12/27
Channel: Julie Symons
Farmer Ben
Farmer Ben's Great Pyrenees livestock guardian dog
Published: 2012/03/04
Channel: Ben Elenbaas
REAL LIVESTOCK GUARDIAN DOGS BOZ SHEPHERDS
REAL LIVESTOCK GUARDIAN DOGS BOZ SHEPHERDS
Published: 2013/09/08
Channel: BOZ KENNEL
Sarplaninec Livestock Guardian Dogs Bonding with Angora Goat charges
Sarplaninec Livestock Guardian Dogs Bonding with Angora Goat charges
Published: 2015/04/29
Channel: Sarplaninec Montana
Puppies, Livestock Guardian Dogs in Training
Puppies, Livestock Guardian Dogs in Training
Published: 2014/01/03
Channel: GlennCJBlack
Protecting sheep from predators
Protecting sheep from predators
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: OntarioSheep
Puppies For Sale, Livestock Guardian Dogs, LGD
Puppies For Sale, Livestock Guardian Dogs, LGD
Published: 2015/05/10
Channel: GlennCJBlack
Livestock guardian dog video Puppy update Video #3
Livestock guardian dog video Puppy update Video #3
Published: 2015/04/13
Channel: jsfarms2004
Livestock Guardian Pup and Chickens
Livestock Guardian Pup and Chickens
Published: 2016/03/22
Channel: jett888
Colonial Kangal Livestock Guardian Dogs U.S.A. The Biggest Dogs on Earth!
Colonial Kangal Livestock Guardian Dogs U.S.A. The Biggest Dogs on Earth!
Published: 2013/03/30
Channel: Colonial Kangals
Update on Our Akbash Livestock Guardian Dog
Update on Our Akbash Livestock Guardian Dog
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: The Grass-fed Homestead
Livestock Guardian and Family Protection Dogs. Natural Born Guardians
Livestock Guardian and Family Protection Dogs. Natural Born Guardians
Published: 2012/03/25
Channel: BozShepherd
Maremma Abruzzi Livestock Guardian dog reacting to a car
Maremma Abruzzi Livestock Guardian dog reacting to a car
Published: 2015/09/06
Channel: Allan Laal
Livestock Guardian Dog Series - Video #3
Livestock Guardian Dog Series - Video #3
Published: 2016/03/06
Channel: Chick-a-Woof Ranch
Trust & Treatment of an Injured Livestock Guardian Dog~
Trust & Treatment of an Injured Livestock Guardian Dog~
Published: 2016/12/26
Channel: Appalachia's Homestead with Patara
New Livestock Guardian Dogs
New Livestock Guardian Dogs
Published: 2016/08/09
Channel: KellyAlaska1
Livestock Guardian Dogs
Livestock Guardian Dogs
Published: 2011/07/27
Channel: WWFSchweiz
Sarplaninec Livestock Guardian Dogs play near Angora goats with appropriate restraint
Sarplaninec Livestock Guardian Dogs play near Angora goats with appropriate restraint
Published: 2015/04/25
Channel: Sarplaninec Montana
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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A Maremma Sheepdog LGD with its flock of sheep in Australia

A livestock guardian dog (LGD) is a type of pastoral dog bred for the purpose of protecting livestock from predators.

Livestock guardian dogs stay with the group of animals they protect as a full-time member of the flock or herd.[1] Their ability to guard their herd is mainly instinctive, as the dog is bonded to the herd from an early age.[2] Unlike the often smaller herding dogs that control the movement of the livestock, LGDs blend in with them, watching for intruders within the flock. The mere presence of a guardian dog is usually enough to ward off some predators, and LGDs will confront predators by vocal intimidation, barking, and displaying very aggressive behavior. The dog may attack or fight with a predator to protect the flock, if they are not able to drive predators off otherwise.[3] Livestock guardians may actively look for predators within protected territory to catch and destroy them, and there are known cases of dogs luring coyotes to the source of food to hunt them.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The use of dogs in protecting livestock originated over 2000 years ago,[4] with their use being recorded as early as 150 BC in Rome.[5] Both Aristotle's History of Animals and Virgil's Georgics mention the use of livestock guardian dogs by the Molossians in the ancient region of Epirus.[6][7] Many of the modern day livestock guardian dogs are thought to descend from the extinct Molossus breed used by the Molossians.

Training[edit]

A Great Pyrenees with a herd of goats.

The dogs are introduced to livestock as puppies so they "imprint" on the animals. Experts recommending that the pups begin living with the herd at 4 to 5 weeks of age.[1] This imprinting is thought to be largely olfactory and occurs between 3 and 16 weeks of age. There are many myths in the West regarding the training of livestock guardian dogs, particularly the very incorrect idea that human contact should be kept to a minimum. Training requires regular daily handling and management, preferably from birth. A guardian dog is not considered reliable until it is at least 2 years of age. Up until that time supervision, guidance and correction is needed to teach the dog the skill and rules it needs to do its job. Having older dogs that assist in training younger dogs streamlines this process considerably.

There are even trials underway to protect penguins.[8]

In Namibia in Southwest Africa, Anatolians are used to guard goat herds from cheetahs, and are typically imprinted between seven and eight weeks of age. Before use of dogs was implemented, impoverished Namibian farmers often came into conflict with predatory cheetahs; now, Anatolians usually are able to drive off cheetahs with their barking and displays of aggression.[9]

Traits[edit]

Kazakh shepherd: his horse and dogs' primary job is to guard the sheep from predators.
The Komondor´s ability to guard their herd is mainly instinctive

LGDs are generally large and protective, which can make them less than ideal for urban or even suburban living. Nonetheless, despite their size, they can be gentle, make good companion dogs, and are often protective towards children. If introduced to a family as a pup, most LGDs are as protective of their family as a working guard dog is of its flock. In fact, in some communities where LGDs are a tradition, the runt of a litter would often be kept or given as a household pet or simply kept as a village dog without a single owner.

At least two dogs may be placed with a flock or herd, depending on its size, the type of predators, their number, and the intensity of predation. If predators are scarce, one dog may be adequate though most operations usually require at least two dogs. Large operations (particularly range operations) and heavy predator loads will require more dogs. Both male and female LGDs have proved to be equally effective in protecting of livestock.

The three qualities most sought after in LGDs are trustworthiness, attentiveness and protectiveness—trustworthy in that they do not roam off and are not aggressive with the livestock, attentive in that they are situationally aware of threats by predators, and protective in that they will attempt to drive off predators. Dogs, being social creatures with differing personalities, will take on different roles with the herd and among themselves: most sticking close to the livestock, others tending to follow the shepherd or rancher when one is present, and some drifting farther from the livestock. These differing roles are often complementary in terms of protecting livestock, and experienced ranchers and shepherds sometimes encourage these differences by adjustments in socialization technique so as to increase the effectiveness of their group of dogs in meeting specific predator threats. LGDs that follow the livestock closest assure that a guard dog is on hand if a predator attacks, while LGDs that patrol at the edges of a flock or herd are in a position to keep would-be attackers at a safe distance from livestock. Those dogs that are more attentive tend to alert those that are more passive but perhaps also more trustworthy or less aggressive with the livestock.

While LGDs have been known to fight to the death with predators, in most cases predator attacks are prevented by a display of aggressiveness. LGDs are known to drive off predators that physically they would be no match for, such as bears and even lions. With the reintroduction of predators into natural habitats in Europe and North America, environmentalists have come to appreciate LGDs because they allow sheep and cattle farming to coexist with predators in the same or nearby habitats. Unlike trapping and poisoning, LGDs seldom kill predators; instead, their aggressive behaviors tend to condition predators to seek unguarded (thus, non-farm animal) prey. For instance, in Italy's Gran Sasso National Park, where LGDs and wolves have coexisted for centuries, older, more experienced wolves seem to "know" the LGDs and leave their flocks alone.

Lessons have been garnered from Old World methods and life stock guardian dogs. Wolf predation can be successfully curtailed.[10]

List of breeds[edit]

There are many breeds of LGDs, many of which are little known outside of the regions in which they are still worked. Nevertheless, some breeds are known to display traits advantageous to guarding livestock. Some specialist livestock guarding dog breeds include:

For a more complete list see Jean-Marc Landry: The use of guard dogs in the Swiss Alps: A first analysis. p. 6[11]

See also[edit]

Kachi Indian dog

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Suzanne Asha Stone (2016). Livestock and Wolves: A Guide to Nonlethal Tools and Methods to Reduce Conflicts, 2nd Edition (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: Defenders of Wildlife. Retrieved 2016-02-27. 
  2. ^ Barnes, Elizabeth (1998), "Working like a dog", Mother Earth News (168): 30 
  3. ^ Green, Jeffrey S.; Woodruff, Roger A. (1993). Livestock Guarding Dogs: Protecting Sheep From Predators (Rev. Oct. 1993 ed.). U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. p. 26. Retrieved August 12, 2012. 
  4. ^ Hansen, Inger; Staaland, Theresia; Ringsø, Aud (2002). "Patrolling with Livestock Guard Dogs: A Potential Method to Reduce Predation on Sheep". Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section A. 52 (1): 43–48. doi:10.1080/09064700252806416. 
  5. ^ Gehring, Thomas M.; VerCauteren, Kurt C.; Landry, Jean-Marc (2010). "Livestock Protection Dogs in the 21st Century: Is an Ancient Tool Relevant to Modern Conservation Challenges?". BioScience. 60 (4): 299–308. doi:10.1525/bio.2010.60.4.8. 
  6. ^ Virgil, The Georgics, Book III line 404-413 
  7. ^ Aristotle, History of Animals 
  8. ^ Warrnambool City Council - Penguin numbers up after world-first maremma trial
  9. ^ About the cheetah
  10. ^ Urbigkit, Jim; Urbigkit, Cat; Cortez, Yolanda, Editor. "Transferring successful Old World livestock protection dog traditions to areas of large carnivore occupancy in the United States (Livestock Protection Dog International Research Project Report)" (MSWord doc). Wyoming Wool Growers Association, Wyoming Animal Damage Management Board. pp. 1–46. Retrieved February 27, 2017. 
  11. ^ Landry, Jean-Marc (August 1999). "The use of guard dogs in the Swiss Alps: A first analysis" (PDF). KORA Bericht (2). ISSN 1422-5123. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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