|— City —|
|City of Lloydminster|
|Alberta and Saskatchewan|
West Central Saskatchewan
|Census divisions||10 (AB), 17 (SK)|
- SK Village
- AB Village
- SK Town
November 25, 1903
(then within the NWT)
July 6, 1906
April 1, 1907
- AB/SK Town
May 22, 1930
- AB/SK City
January 1, 1958
|• Mayor||Jeff Mulligan|
|• Governing body|
|• City Manager||Glenn Carroll|
|• MP||Leon Benoit (AB, CPC)
Gerry Ritz (SK, CPC)
|• MLA||Richard Starke (AB, PC)
Tim McMillan (SK, SP)
|• City||41.53 km2 (16.03 sq mi)|
|Elevation||669 m (2,195 ft)|
|• Density||669.5/km2 (1,734/sq mi)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC−7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC−6)|
|Postal code span||T9V (AB), S9V (SK)|
|Area code(s)||306, 587, 780|
Lloydminster is a Canadian city which has the unusual geographic distinction of straddling the provincial border between Alberta and Saskatchewan. Unlike most such cases (such as Texarkana), Lloydminster is not a pair of twin cities on opposite sides of a border which merely share the same name, but is actually incorporated as a single city with a single municipal administration.
Intended to be an exclusively British Utopian settlement centred on the idea of sobriety, the town was founded in 1903 by the Barr Colonists, who came directly from the United Kingdom. At a time when the area was still part of the Northwest Territories, the town was located astride the Fourth Meridian of the Dominion Land Survey. This meridian was intended to coincide with 110° west longitude although the imperfect surveying methods of the time led to the meridian being placed a few hundred meters west of this longitude.
The town was named for George Lloyd (Anglican Bishop of Saskatchewan), a strong opponent of non-British immigration to Canada. During a nearly disastrous immigration journey, which was badly planned and conducted, he distinguished himself with the colonists and replaced the Barr Colony's leader and namesake Isaac Montgomery Barr during the colonists' journey to the eventual townsite.
The town developed rapidly: by 1904 there was a telegraph office as well as a log church; in 1905 the Lloydminster Daily Times started publication and the first train arrived on July 28.
While provincehood of some sort was seen as inevitable by 1903, it had been widely expected that only one province would eventually be created instead of two. The colonists were not aware of the federal government's deep-rooted opposition to the creation of a single province and thus had no way of knowing that the Fourth Meridian was under consideration as a future provincial boundary. Had they known, it is very unlikely they would have sited the new settlement on the future border.
When the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan were created in 1905, the Fourth Meridian was selected as the border, bisecting the town. Caught by surprise, Lloydminster residents petitioned for the new border to be revised so as to encompass the entire town within Saskatchewan, without success.
For the next quarter century, Lloydminster remained two separate towns with two separate municipal administrations. Finally, in 1930 the provincial governments agreed to amalgamate the towns into a single town under shared jurisdiction. The provinces, again jointly, reincorporated Lloydminster as a city in 1958.
Commemorating Lloydminster's distinctive bi-provincial status, a monument consisting of four 100-foot survey markers was erected in 1994 near the city's downtown core.
Although the majority of Lloydminster's population once lived in Saskatchewan, that ratio has long since been reversed; in the Canada 2011 Census, nearly two-thirds of the city's population lived in Alberta. In 2000, the city hall and municipal offices were re-located from Saskatchewan to Alberta.
Since Lloydminster's founders were attempting to create a utopian, temperate society, alcohol was not available in Lloydminster for the first few years after its founding.
The provincial border runs north to south, falling directly on 50th Avenue (Meridian Avenue) in the centre of Lloydminster. Addresses east of 50th Avenue are considered to be in Lloydminster, Saskatchewan and addresses west of 50th Avenue are considered to be in Lloydminster, Alberta. The city is bordered by the County of Vermilion River, Alberta, on the west, the Rural Municipality (R.M.) of Brittania No. 502, Saskatchewan, on the northeast and the R.M. of Wilton No. 472, Saskatchewan, on the southeast.
Lloydminster is not the only city that straddles a Canadian provincial border. The city of Flin Flon, Manitoba, has a small section that is actually located within Saskatchewan. In the National Capital Region, Ottawa, Ontario, and Gatineau, Quebec, form a single metropolitan area, but they do not form a biprovincial city because there are separate municipalities in each province.
Lloydminster's distinctive situation is reflected in other legal matters, including its time zone. Alberta law requires the use of daylight saving time, while Saskatchewan does not observe daylight saving time. However, Lloydminster's charter allows it to follow Alberta's use of daylight saving time on both sides of the provincial border. This has the effect of placing Lloydminster and the surrounding area in the Mountain Time Zone along with Alberta, while the rest of Saskatchewan is on Central Time. During the summer, Alberta is on Mountain Daylight Time, while Saskatchewan is on Central Standard Time, which are both UTC−06. During the winter, Lloydminster is on Mountain Standard Time with the rest of Alberta, which is UTC-05. Lloydminster follows the Saskatchewan schedule when voting in municipal elections.
The provincial line divides the city in two aspects related to communications. Telephones on the Saskatchewan side are assigned to area code 306, the area code reserved for that province, while land lines on the Alberta side have numbers in the 780 and 587 area codes, the two area codes assigned to northern Alberta. Similarly, Saskatchewan addresses have a postal code with a forward sortation area designation (first three characters) of "S9V", and addresses in Alberta have postal codes beginning with "T9V". All postal codes in Canada beginning with the letter "S" are assigned to Saskatchewan, and those beginning with "T" belong to Alberta.
Lloydminster was not exempted from recent anti-smoking legislation passed by Saskatchewan's legislature. Citizens responded by initiating a referendum against the wishes of the mayor, as permitted in the charter, which resulted in the enactment of a city-wide anti-smoking bylaw. The matter was made a moot point when Alberta enacted its own anti-smoking legislation, which was the solution that the mayor and council preferred.
Lloydminster experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb), which approaches a semi-arid (Köppen climate classification Bsk) climate due to the amount of rainfall this city receives. Winters are long, cold and dry, while summers are short, warm and moderately wet. Year-round precipitation is low, with an average of 408mm.
|Climate data for Lloydminster|
|Record high °C (°F)||8.2
|Average high °C (°F)||−9.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−14.5
|Average low °C (°F)||−19.2
|Record low °C (°F)||−39.6
|Precipitation mm (inches)||16.2
|Source: Environment Canada|
|Source: Statistics Canada
In the 2011 Census, the City of Lloydminster had a population of 27,804 living in 10,613 of its 11,453 total dwellings, a 15.7% change from its 2006 population of 24,028. With a land area of 41.53 km2 (16.03 sq mi), it had a population density of 669.49/km2 (1,733.98/sq mi) in 2011. Of this total, 18,032 people lived on the Alberta side and 9,772 lived on the Saskatchewan side.
According to the Canada 2006 Census, the population was 24,028, of which 15,910 (66.0%) lived in Alberta and 8,118 (34.0%) lived in Saskatchewan. According to the 2001 federal census, the total population of the city was 20,988, of which 13,148 (62.6%) resided in Alberta while 7,840 (37.4%) lived in Saskatchewan.
From 2001 to 2006, the population rose 21.0 per cent on the Alberta side while the Saskatchewan side rose by 3.5 per cent. From 2006 to 2011, however, the population rose 20.4 per cent on the Saskatchewan side, compared to 13.3 per cent on the Alberta side.
The two sides of the city rank 12th in Alberta and 10th in Saskatchewan in municipal population. If the city were entirely in one province or the other, Lloydminster's population would rank ninth in Alberta and fifth in Saskatchewan.
There are substantial demographic differences between the populations on each side of the border, with the population on the Saskatchewan side being substantially younger; the median age on the Saskatchewan side is 26.6, nearly seven years less than the median age of 33.2 on the Alberta side. Even when combining the median ages for both sides of the city, Lloydminster has the youngest median age in all of Canada. Also, the specific age group of 20–24 is much more concentrated on the Saskatchewan side. The two sides of the city have virtually identical numbers of people in that age group (1,220 in Saskatchewan, 1,230 in Alberta) even though the total population on the Alberta side is nearly twice that of the Saskatchewan side.
The census agglomeration of Lloydminster includes both parts of the city, as well as the rural municipality of Wilton No. 472, the town of Lashburn, Saskatchewan, and the village of Marshall, Saskatchewan.
About 94% of residents identified English as their first language. More than 1.4% of the population identified French as their first language, while 0.8% identified German, 0.7% identified Ukrainian, and 0.5% identified Cree as their first language learned. The next most common languages were Chinese and Spanish at about 0.3% each.
More than 78 percent of residents identified as Christian at the time of the 2001 census, while over 18 percent indicated that they had no religious affiliation. For specific denominations Statistics Canada found that 31% of residents identified as Roman Catholic, and 44% Protestants of which, 18% identified with the United Church of Canada, more than 7% identified as Anglican, about 5% identified as Lutheran, almost 3% identified as Pentecostal, about 2% identified as Baptist, and just over 1% of the population identified as Eastern Orthodox.
More than 8% of residents identified themselves as aboriginal at the time of the 2006 census.
|Visible minorities and Aboriginal population|
|Canada 2006 Census||Population||% of Total Population|
|Visible minority group
|Mixed visible minority||10||0|
|Other visible minority||0||0|
|Total visible minority population||590||2.5|
|Total Aboriginal population||1,980||8.3|
The local economy is driven primarily by the petroleum industry. Agriculture remains an important economic activity, although many farmers in the area have been sustained financially by lease payments resulting from oil wells drilled on their land. The Husky Lloydminster Refinery is also located in the community.
Residents on the Alberta side are in the electoral district of Vegreville—Wainwright for elections to the federal House of Commons, and Vermilion-Lloydminster for elections to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta. Residents in Saskatchewan are in Battlefords—Lloydminster federally, and Lloydminster for the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (December 2012)|
Lloydminster's bi-provincial status has resulted in special provisions regarding provincial taxation within the city limits. The Saskatchewan side of the city is exempt from that province's sales tax, preventing businesses located there from being placed at a disadvantage relative to businesses in Alberta, which has no provincial sales tax. There is no exemption for provincial income tax, which is based solely on the taxpayer's province of residence. Other differences surrounding interprovincial costs are reflected within the treatment of automobile insurance, and housing taxes. For example, a driver under age 25 who lives on the Alberta side will pay approximately 2-3 times the average amount required of a Saskatchewan driver of the same age.
The Lloydminster Hospital, located on the Saskatchewan side of the city, serves residents of both sides, through an agreement between the Alberta and Saskatchewan governments. This is of note because Alberta's health care system is significantly more privatized than that in Saskatchewan.
The city is served by Lloydminster Airport.
Elementary and secondary schools on both sides of the border all use Saskatchewan's curriculum. Lloydminster provides post-secondary education through Lakeland College offering one and two year certificate and diploma programs.
||This article's list of residents may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability or notability policies. (June 2011)|
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