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N241M (OK-CTB) Lockheed Model 10 Electra at Lelystad Airport
N241M (OK-CTB) Lockheed Model 10 Electra at Lelystad Airport
Published: 2015/05/26
Channel: Bram van der Sluis
Lockheed Electra (Model 10) - Flight Demonstration and Airshow
Lockheed Electra (Model 10) - Flight Demonstration and Airshow
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: Alleswasspassmacht
Flying Lockheed 10A in Newton, KS
Flying Lockheed 10A in Newton, KS
Published: 2015/03/14
Channel: okotf
1935 Lockheed Electra 10E
1935 Lockheed Electra 10E
Published: 2013/11/08
Channel: davidgpo
Amelia Earhart gets into her Lockheed L-10E Electra and takes off. HD Stock Footage
Amelia Earhart gets into her Lockheed L-10E Electra and takes off. HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/06/05
Channel: CriticalPast
Lockheed Electra 10E R/C
Lockheed Electra 10E R/C
Published: 2008/12/30
Channel: Robert McElroy
Takeoff of a 1937 Lockheed Electra 10a
Takeoff of a 1937 Lockheed Electra 10a
Published: 2015/03/27
Channel: OLD81STUDIOS
Amelia’s Electra 10E, Jon Thompson, Exhibit Manager
Amelia’s Electra 10E, Jon Thompson, Exhibit Manager
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: Nauticos, LLC
ELECTRA MODEL 10A REVIEW | FSX | P3D
ELECTRA MODEL 10A REVIEW | FSX | P3D
Published: 2015/11/30
Channel: frooglesim
Lockheed Model 12 Electra Jr [N14999] taxi and takeoff from S33 - Madras Municipal Airport
Lockheed Model 12 Electra Jr [N14999] taxi and takeoff from S33 - Madras Municipal Airport
Published: 2017/09/16
Channel: planesguy
ConocoPhillips Square (And a Lockheed 12A Electra Jr.)
ConocoPhillips Square (And a Lockheed 12A Electra Jr.)
Published: 2011/07/26
Channel: AVweb
Lockheed electra first startup
Lockheed electra first startup
Published: 2016/09/23
Channel: Aviation Life
Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior at Punta Gorda Airport
Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior at Punta Gorda Airport
Published: 2012/07/23
Channel: gatorpics09
1936 Lockheed Electra Jr. 12A - Fly/In Cruise/In
1936 Lockheed Electra Jr. 12A - Fly/In Cruise/In
Published: 2009/04/02
Channel: FlyInCruiseIn
Lockheed L-10A Electra engine start up
Lockheed L-10A Electra engine start up
Published: 2015/06/09
Channel: Tomáš Chlumský
Lockheed Model 10 Electra
Lockheed Model 10 Electra
Published: 2014/08/09
Channel: Audiopedia
1936 Lockheed Electra 12A Junior - Fly/In Cruise/In
1936 Lockheed Electra 12A Junior - Fly/In Cruise/In
Published: 2010/10/30
Channel: FlyInCruiseIn
Lockheed Electra restoration
Lockheed Electra restoration
Published: 2014/08/20
Channel: TheWichitaEagle
Lockheed Electra model 10 review
Lockheed Electra model 10 review
Published: 2016/05/22
Channel: FUBAR Model Yard
Lockheed Model 10-E Electra
Lockheed Model 10-E Electra
Published: 2013/09/21
Channel: Mike Bennett
Lockheed Electra Polished by The Detailer
Lockheed Electra Polished by The Detailer's Network, Xtreme Detailing
Published: 2013/09/18
Channel: Xtreme Detailing
AOPA 2009 Lockheed L-10 Electra - Amelia Earhart
AOPA 2009 Lockheed L-10 Electra - Amelia Earhart
Published: 2009/11/09
Channel: TrotterAviation
Lockheed L-10 Electra
Lockheed L-10 Electra
Published: 2015/05/29
Channel: Petr Lněnička
Lockheed Electra 10A by Aeroplane Heaven ( FSX )
Lockheed Electra 10A by Aeroplane Heaven ( FSX )
Published: 2015/09/12
Channel: Wells Sullivan
Lockheed Electra Plane Crash - 1989
Lockheed Electra Plane Crash - 1989
Published: 2014/08/11
Channel: MrOutofcontrolvideos
1930
1930's: Lockheed Electra and Beech Staggerwing
Published: 2013/05/06
Channel: Historical Aviation Film Unit
IL2 1946 Lockheed Model 10 Electra
IL2 1946 Lockheed Model 10 Electra
Published: 2014/09/06
Channel: Steven 197106
Lockheed 10A Electra
Lockheed 10A Electra
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: Aleš Fuksa
Lockheed Electra finally done
Lockheed Electra finally done
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: FUBAR Model Yard
Aeroplane Heaven Lockheed Electra Review
Aeroplane Heaven Lockheed Electra Review
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: David Womacks
Lockheed Electra 10E Kit review
Lockheed Electra 10E Kit review
Published: 2014/05/06
Channel: Robert Goodin
Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart's Lockheed Electra R/C Model by Bob Goff
Published: 2011/06/19
Channel: 44degmag
Lockheed 12 Electra Junior Landing at Fullerton Airport Day 2015
Lockheed 12 Electra Junior Landing at Fullerton Airport Day 2015
Published: 2016/03/03
Channel: Fast Aviation Data
Lockheed Electra 12a Junior
Lockheed Electra 12a Junior
Published: 2016/05/28
Channel: Historical Aviation Film Unit
Lockheed 10A Electra CF-TCC
Lockheed 10A Electra CF-TCC
Published: 2013/01/14
Channel: Olivier Lacombe
Lockheed Electra L 10A Fly By
Lockheed Electra L 10A Fly By
Published: 2013/07/06
Channel: Conjay3
Lockheed Aircraft: "Look to Lockheed for Leadership" 1941 Lockheed Vega, Electra, 12, Sirius...
Lockheed Aircraft: "Look to Lockheed for Leadership" 1941 Lockheed Vega, Electra, 12, Sirius...
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Lockheed Electra JR
Lockheed Electra JR
Published: 2015/08/30
Channel: Yanks Air Museum
Trans-Canada Air Lines Lockheed L-10 Electra (L10A) departing Montreal (YUL/CYUL)
Trans-Canada Air Lines Lockheed L-10 Electra (L10A) departing Montreal (YUL/CYUL)
Published: 2017/10/08
Channel: CYUL Plane Spotter
Riding in Air Canada
Riding in Air Canada's Lockheed 10A Electra - Better than Business Class
Published: 2017/09/27
Channel: Everyday Reviews
1937 Lockheed Electra 10E
1937 Lockheed Electra 10E
Published: 2012/06/04
Channel: joergn83
Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart's Lockheed Electra 10E Aircraft Visual Aids
Published: 2016/02/27
Channel: Wesley Poh
Lockheed Electra Take Off Jersey
Lockheed Electra Take Off Jersey
Published: 2012/09/12
Channel: robdsn1
My very first landing with the Lockheed L10 Electra (in developement)
My very first landing with the Lockheed L10 Electra (in developement)
Published: 2011/03/24
Channel: FGFS_HHS
Prepar3D - Lockheed Electra 10A - KSEZ
Prepar3D - Lockheed Electra 10A - KSEZ
Published: 2015/09/13
Channel: Rob Ainscough
Pacific Alaska Airways Lockheed 10 Electra Fueling & Taking Off
Pacific Alaska Airways Lockheed 10 Electra Fueling & Taking Off
Published: 2010/01/22
Channel: Alaska Film Archives
Lockheed Electra 12a Junior
Lockheed Electra 12a Junior
Published: 2011/01/05
Channel: Historical Aviation Film Unit
Flying over Bellingham in a Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior
Flying over Bellingham in a Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: bellinghamherald
FSX: Aeroplane Heaven Lockheed Electra 10 - Primeras Impresiones.
FSX: Aeroplane Heaven Lockheed Electra 10 - Primeras Impresiones.
Published: 2015/09/13
Channel: Ala13Kokakolo
Lockheed 10A Electra landing
Lockheed 10A Electra landing
Published: 2015/05/29
Channel: Aeroplanes11
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Model 10 Electra
Earhart-electra 10.jpg
Amelia Earhart's modified Electra 10E
Role Light airliner
Manufacturer Lockheed
Designer Hall Hibbard
First flight 23 February 1934
Introduction 1935
Number built 149
Developed from Lockheed Model 9 Orion
Variants Lockheed XC-35
Developed into Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior
Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra

The Lockheed Model 10 Electra is an American twin-engine, all-metal monoplane airliner developed by the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation in the 1930s to compete with the Boeing 247 and Douglas DC-2. The type gained considerable fame as one was flown by Amelia Earhart on her ill-fated around-the-world expedition in 1937.

Design and development[edit]

Clarence "Kelly" Johnson testing an Electra model with single vertical tail and forward sloping windshield in the University of Michigan's wind tunnel

Some of Lockheed's wooden designs, such as the Orion, had been built by Detroit Aircraft Corporation with metal fuselages. However, the Electra was Lockheed's first all-metal and twin-engine design by Lloyd Stearman[1][2] and Hall Hibbard. The name Electra came from a star in the Pleiades. The prototype made its first flight on February 23, 1934 with Marshall Headle at the controls.[3]

Wind tunnel work on the Electra was undertaken at the University of Michigan. Much of the work was performed by a student assistant, Clarence Johnson. He suggested two changes be made to the design: changing the single tail to double tails (later a Lockheed trademark), and deleting oversized wing fillets. Both of these suggestions were incorporated into production aircraft. Upon receiving his master's degree, Johnson joined Lockheed as a regular employee, ultimately leading the Skunk Works in developing advanced aircraft such as the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird.

The Lockheed Electra was one of the first commercial passenger aircraft to come equipped with mudguards as standard equipment. Before the Electra, only aircraft with fixed landing gear had mudguards.[4]

Operational history[edit]

Lockheed 10B of Marshall Airways (Australia) in 1970, had been initially delivered to Ansett Airways in 1937

After October 1934 when the US government banned single-engined aircraft for use in carrying passengers or in night flying, Lockheed was perfectly placed in the market with its new Model 10 Electra. In addition to deliveries to US based airlines, several European operators added Electras to their prewar fleets. In Latin America, the first airline to use Electras was Cubana de Aviación, starting in 1935, for its domestic routes.

Flight deck of a Model 10A, it has been updated with a more modern instrument panel

Besides airline orders, a number of non-commercial civil operators also purchased the new Model 10.[5] In May 1937, H.T. "Dick" Merrill and J.S. Lambie accomplished a round-trip crossing of the Atlantic Ocean. The feat was declared the first round-trip commercial crossing of that ocean by any aircraft. It won them the Harmon Trophy. On the eastbound trip, they carried newsreels of the crash of the Hindenburg, and on the return trip from the United Kingdom, they brought photographs of the coronation of King George VI. Bata Shoes operated the Model 10 to ferry its executives between their European factories.

Probably the most famous use of the Electra was the highly modified Model 10E flown by aviatrix Amelia Earhart. In July 1937, she disappeared in her Electra during an attempted round-the-world flight.[5]

Many Electras and their design descendants (the Model 12 Electra Junior and Model 14 Super Electra) were pressed into military service during World War II, for instance the USAAF's C-36. By the end of the war, the Electra design was obsolete, although many smaller airlines and charter services continued to operate Electras into the 1970s.[5]

Electras were popular as private planes for royalty in Asia and Europe. In India, the Maharaja of Jammu & Kashmir and the Maharaja of Jodhpur both purchased them for their personal use in 1937.[6]

Variants[edit]

Lockheed Y1C-36
Lockheed Y1C-37
Lockheed XC-35

The Electra was produced in several variants, for both civilian and military customers. Lockheed built a total of 149 Electras.

Electra 10-A
Powered by two Pratt & Whitney R-985 Wasp Junior SB, 450 hp (336 kW) each; 101 produced.
Electra 10-B
Powered by Wright R-975-E3 Whirlwind, 440 hp (340 kW) each; 18 produced
Electra 10-C
Powered by Pratt & Whitney R-1340 Wasp SC1, 450 hp (336 kW) each; eight produced for Pan American Airways.
Electra 10-D
Proposed military transport version; none built.
Electra 10-E
Powered by Pratt & Whitney R-1340 Wasp S3H1, 600 hp (450 kW) each; 15 produced. The version used by Amelia Earhart.
  • Five impressed by the U.S. Army Air Forces as C-36B, redesignated as UC-36B in 1943.
XC-35
Experimental pressurized research model powered by turbocharged Pratt & Whitney XR-1340-43, 550 hp (410 kW) each. The one production model was tested for the War Department by Lieutenant Benjamin S. Kelsey. For this work, the Army Air Corps was awarded the 1937 Collier Trophy.[7]
Lockheed KXL1
A single Lockheed Model 10 Electra supplied to the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service for evaluation.

Operators[edit]

Civil operators[edit]

Military operators[edit]

Lockheed 10A restored in wartime RCAF markings
Lockheed Electra 10A in Royal Air Force service
U.S. Navy XR2O-1
 Argentina
 Brazil
 Canada
 Honduras
 Spain
 Japan
 United Kingdom
 United States
 Venezuela

Surviving aircraft[edit]

Electra 10A "CF-TCC" in Trans-Canada Air Lines livery at the Western Canada Aviation Museum.
Lockheed Electra at the Science Museum (London)

Specifications (Electra 10A)[edit]

Lockheed Model 10 Electra.svg

General characteristics

Performance

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Lloyd Stearman". National Aviation Hall of Fame. Retrieved 22 May 2013. 
  2. ^ Phillips, Edward H (2006). Stearman Aircraft: A Detailed History. Specialty PressPub & Wholesalers. p. 26. 
  3. ^ Gunston 1998, p. 8.
  4. ^ "Mud Guards on Plane Wheels Protect Landing Gear." Popular Mechanics, April 1935, p. 523, (bottom-right).
  5. ^ a b c Winchester 2004, p. 188.
  6. ^ Straits Times, 30 December 1937, Page 10.
  7. ^ "New Plane Ready For Stratosphere Test Flights." Popular Mechanics, August 1937.
  8. ^ "ELECTRA". Pima Air & Space Museum. Retrieved 22 October 2017. 
  9. ^ "FAA REGISTRY [N4963C]". Federal Aviation Administration. U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  10. ^ "Lockheed Model 10-E Electra". The Museum of Flight. The Museum of Flight. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  11. ^ "FAA REGISTRY [N72GT]". Federal Aviation Administration. U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  12. ^ "Airframe Dossier - Lockheed L-10 Electra, c/n 1026, c/r N38BB". Aerial Visuals. AerialVisuals.ca. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  13. ^ "Airframe Dossier - LockheedL-10 Electra, c/n 1037, c/r G-LIOA". Aerial Visuals. AerialVisuals.ca. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  14. ^ "FAA REGISTRY [N1602D]". Federal Aviation Administration. U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  15. ^ Cronkleton, Robert A. (21 August 2016). "Plane similar to Amelia Earhart's aircraft to arrive Monday in Atchison, Kan". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  16. ^ "Original Sister-Ship to Earhart's Plane to Make Final Journey Home to Atchison, Kansas, Birthplace of Amelia Earhart". AviationPros. 15 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "Lockheed 10-A 'Electra'". New England Air Museum. New England Air Museum. Retrieved 22 October 2017. 
  18. ^ "Visit". New England Air Museum. New England Air Museum. Archived from the original on 25 September 2010. Retrieved 22 October 2017. 
  19. ^ "Airframe Dossier - Lockheed XR20-1, s/n 0267 USN, c/n 1052, c/r N57573". Aerial Visuals. AerialVisuals.ca. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  20. ^ "Lockheed Electra 10A Jana Antonína Baťi". Prague Tocna Airport (in Czech). Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  21. ^ "1937 Electra being restored for trip home to Prague". The Wichita Eagle. 27 August 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  22. ^ "Last flying Electra 10 lands at Warplane Heritage for maintenance". The Hamilton Spectator. 2015-04-24. Retrieved 2016-07-31. 
  23. ^ Johnstone, Chris (28 May 2015). "BAŤA'S LOCKHEED ELECTRA PLANE RETURNS AFTER MORE THAN 75 YEARS". Czech Radio. Český Rozhlas. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  24. ^ "LOCKHEED L-10A ELECTRA". Ingenium. Ingenium. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  25. ^ "Airframe Dossier - Lockheed L-10A Electra, s/n 1526 RCAF, c/n 1112, c/r CF-TCA". Aerial Visuals. AerialVisuals.ca. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  26. ^ "Lockheed 10A Electra, CF-TCC". Royal Aviation Museum of Western Canada. Royal Aviation Museum of Western Canada. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  27. ^ "Canadian Civil Aircraft Register: Aircraft Details [CF-TCC]". Transport Canada. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  28. ^ "L-10 ELECTRA". National Naval Aviation Museum. Naval Aviation Museum Foundation. Retrieved 22 October 2017. 
  29. ^ "Airframe Dossier - Lockheed L-10A Electra, c/n 1130, c/r N19HL". Aerial Visuals. AerialVisuals.ca. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  30. ^ "AIRCRAFT [LOCKHEED MODEL 10E ELECTRA]". MOTAT. MOTAT. Retrieved 22 October 2017. 
  31. ^ "Lockheed XC-35 Electra". Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. Retrieved 22 October 2017. 
Bibliography
  • Francillon, René J. Lockheed Aircraft since 1913. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-835-6.
  • Garrison, Peter. "Head Skunk". Air & Space Magazine, March 2010.
  • Gunston, Bill. Lockheed Aircraft: The History of Lockheed Martin (Aircraft Cutaways). Oxford, UK: Osprey, 1998. ISBN 978-1-85532-775-7.
  • Winchester, Jim, ed. "Lockheed 10 Electra". Civil Aircraft (The Aviation Factfile). London: Grange Books plc, 2004. ISBN 1-84013-642-1.

External links[edit]

Lockheed Electra 10A Restoration project, New Zealand:

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