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Lockout (industry)
Lockout (industry)
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: Audiopedia
BEYOND THE LOCKOUTS: The Demise Of An Entire Industry
BEYOND THE LOCKOUTS: The Demise Of An Entire Industry
Published: 2016/10/09
Channel: LunchBox
Master Lock OSHA Lockout Tagout
Master Lock OSHA Lockout Tagout
Published: 2013/10/11
Channel: Master Lock
Lockout Tagout SafetyTraining Video
Lockout Tagout SafetyTraining Video
Published: 2010/08/02
Channel: Panduit
Mobile Machine Lockout
Mobile Machine Lockout
Published: 2013/01/23
Channel: Workplace Safety North
First Day on the Job Was His Last: What Happened to Day Davis
First Day on the Job Was His Last: What Happened to Day Davis
Published: 2013/12/18
Channel: ProPublica
Lockout/tagout safety procedures
Lockout/tagout safety procedures
Published: 2009/06/07
Channel: PublicResourceOrg
Lockout: Control of Energy Hazards
Lockout: Control of Energy Hazards
Published: 2013/01/22
Channel: Workplace Safety North
Lockout/Tryout/Tagout in the Ready Mixed Concrete Industry Part 1
Lockout/Tryout/Tagout in the Ready Mixed Concrete Industry Part 1
Published: 2015/01/23
Channel: NRMCA
Ferro Alloys Industry lockout, Workers stage agitation | 10TV
Ferro Alloys Industry lockout, Workers stage agitation | 10TV
Published: 2015/09/14
Channel: 10TVNewsChannel
Lockout/Tryout/Tagout in the Ready Mixed Concrete Industry Part 2
Lockout/Tryout/Tagout in the Ready Mixed Concrete Industry Part 2
Published: 2015/01/23
Channel: NRMCA
Electrical Safety for Industrial Facilities | Part 1 |
Electrical Safety for Industrial Facilities | Part 1 |
Published: 2009/08/24
Channel: GulfPublishingCo
What Is A Strike And Lockout?
What Is A Strike And Lockout?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Frequent Question
Lockout/Tagout Training Video | DuPont Sustainable Solutions
Lockout/Tagout Training Video | DuPont Sustainable Solutions
Published: 2013/01/24
Channel: DuPont Sustainable Solutions
Aktion | Lockout Tagout | Industrial PLug Lockout device | Demo
Aktion | Lockout Tagout | Industrial PLug Lockout device | Demo
Published: 2015/01/29
Channel: Aktion Safety
Lockout Tagout Failure #1
Lockout Tagout Failure #1
Published: 2013/06/27
Channel: LockoutTagoutShop
Lockout Tagout Safety Training Video by Compliance and Safety
Lockout Tagout Safety Training Video by Compliance and Safety
Published: 2013/04/26
Channel: Altantic Training
How To: Lockout/Tagout
How To: Lockout/Tagout
Published: 2015/07/17
Channel: San Joaquin Valley College
What is Lockout Tagout?
What is Lockout Tagout?
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: DuraLabel
Workers from differnt industries tell Super A-Mart to stop the lockout
Workers from differnt industries tell Super A-Mart to stop the lockout
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: NUW online
The 2016 ANSI/ASSE Z244.1 Standard - Impact to Lockout, Tagout and Alternative Methods
The 2016 ANSI/ASSE Z244.1 Standard - Impact to Lockout, Tagout and Alternative Methods
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: Grantek Systems Integration
Brady
Brady's Plug Valve Lockout Installation Demo
Published: 2010/10/06
Channel: Brady North America
Lockout Tagout Steps for General Safety Procedure
Lockout Tagout Steps for General Safety Procedure
Published: 2015/02/02
Channel: SafetyAnimation
SAFE Lockout Isolations: www.safe-mining.com
SAFE Lockout Isolations: www.safe-mining.com
Published: 2009/11/12
Channel: mavmedia
ESC Lockout-Tagout OSHA Compliance: What Can We Do For You?
ESC Lockout-Tagout OSHA Compliance: What Can We Do For You?
Published: 2014/12/05
Channel: ESC Services
Safety Lockout in Industrial Hydraulics
Safety Lockout in Industrial Hydraulics
Published: 2016/01/26
Channel: Laatukuvat
Lockout (Trailer)
Lockout (Trailer)
Published: 2012/06/15
Channel: RedCedarProductions
Lockout Tagout   Global Best Practice Training Movie English
Lockout Tagout Global Best Practice Training Movie English
Published: 2016/01/21
Channel: Demesne Electrical
Lockout
Lockout
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: Amjad
Vizianagaram FACOR Industry Lockout | Studio N
Vizianagaram FACOR Industry Lockout | Studio N
Published: 2014/05/06
Channel: Studio N News
Part 1: AVALONIA discuss Sydney lockout law on local live music industry
Part 1: AVALONIA discuss Sydney lockout law on local live music industry
Published: 2016/01/25
Channel: Somxay Phouangpanya
Lockout-Tagout Systems
Lockout-Tagout Systems
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: The Safety Brief
Strike and Lockout Recognition
Strike and Lockout Recognition
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: Steelworkers
Etiquetas de Seguridad Industrial  PVT-165-Q Bilingual Safety Tags, Lockout Tagout, Panduit |
Etiquetas de Seguridad Industrial PVT-165-Q Bilingual Safety Tags, Lockout Tagout, Panduit |
Published: 2014/06/20
Channel: innovativetrade
Lockout Laws And What They Mean For Queensland
Lockout Laws And What They Mean For Queensland
Published: 2016/04/08
Channel: scenestr
Industrial Safety Sign, Lockout Tagout OSHA 1910.147 Energy Control Power Placard
Industrial Safety Sign, Lockout Tagout OSHA 1910.147 Energy Control Power Placard
Published: 2013/07/01
Channel: PremierFactorySafety
Part 2: AVALONIA discuss Sydney lockout law on local live music industry
Part 2: AVALONIA discuss Sydney lockout law on local live music industry
Published: 2016/01/25
Channel: Somxay Phouangpanya
Lockout Meaning
Lockout Meaning
Published: 2015/04/25
Channel: ADictionary
Lockout to Strike
Lockout to Strike
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: YourTV North Bay
Void Stalker - Industrial Breakbreed Lockout Metal Set
Void Stalker - Industrial Breakbreed Lockout Metal Set
Published: 2013/02/25
Channel: Hardcore Mayhem
Lockout Tagout Failure #2
Lockout Tagout Failure #2
Published: 2013/06/27
Channel: LockoutTagoutShop
Updates and Impact in Canada to Lockout, Tagout with the 2016 ANSI/ASSE Z244.1 Standard
Updates and Impact in Canada to Lockout, Tagout with the 2016 ANSI/ASSE Z244.1 Standard
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: Grantek Systems Integration
Void Stalker - Industrial Lockout Breakbreed
Void Stalker - Industrial Lockout Breakbreed
Published: 2013/01/28
Channel: Hardcore Mayhem
2015-2017 Mustang BMR IRS Cradle Bushing Lockout Kit Review
2015-2017 Mustang BMR IRS Cradle Bushing Lockout Kit Review
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: AmericanMuscle.com
Lockout Tagout Video Demo
Lockout Tagout Video Demo
Published: 2014/04/01
Channel: R.C. Willems
Lockout Tagout When to Lock Out
Lockout Tagout When to Lock Out
Published: 2014/04/23
Channel: Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry
Lockout Tagout Safety Training DVD 2010 - Lock Tag Safe Shutdown Video - Safetycare free preview
Lockout Tagout Safety Training DVD 2010 - Lock Tag Safe Shutdown Video - Safetycare free preview
Published: 2009/03/12
Channel: Safetycare
Lockout Tagout Failure #4
Lockout Tagout Failure #4
Published: 2013/06/27
Channel: LockoutTagoutShop
Identify All Machine Lockout Points for a Safe Workplace | Lockout Pro Video
Identify All Machine Lockout Points for a Safe Workplace | Lockout Pro Video
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: Emedco
Safe LockOut Grand Island, FL
Safe LockOut Grand Island, FL
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: Sheena Fidelson
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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A lockout is a temporary work stoppage or denial of employment initiated by the management of a company during a labor dispute.[1] That is different from a strike in which employees refuse to work. It is usually implemented by simply refusing to admit employees onto company premises and may include changing locks and hiring security guards for the premises. Other implementations include a fine for showing up or a simple refusal of clocking in on the time clock. It is therefore referred to as the antithesis of strike.[2]

Causes[edit]

A lockout is generally to try to enforce terms of employment upon a group of employees during a dispute. It can force unionized workers to accept new conditions, such as lower wages. If the union is asking for higher wages, better benefits, or maintaining benefits, a manager may use the threat of a lockout or an actual lockout to convince the union to back down.

Examples[edit]

Ireland[edit]

The Dublin Lockout was a major industrial dispute between 20,000 workers and 300 employers in Dublin. The dispute lasted from 26 August 1913 to 18 January 1914, and is often viewed as the most severe and significant industrial dispute in the history of Ireland. Central to the dispute was the right to unionize.

United States[edit]

In the United States, under federal labor law, an employer may hire only temporary replacements during a lockout. In a strike, unless it is an unfair labor practice strike, an employer may legally hire permanent replacements. Also, in many US states, employees who are locked out are eligible to receive unemployment benefits, but they are not eligible for such benefits during a strike.[citation needed]

For the above reasons, many American employers have historically been reluctant to impose lockouts and instead try to provoke a strike. However, as American unions have increasingly begun to resort to slowdowns rather than strikes, lockouts have become a more common tactic of many employers. Even as strikes are on the decline, lockouts are on the rise in the US.

In 1892, after several wage cuts and disputes with the employers at the Homestead Steel Mill in Homestead, Pennsylvania, the union called for a strike after the company stopped discussing its decisions with the union. Henry Clay Frick shut down the plant and locked out all workers, preventing them from entering the mill.

Recent notable lockout incidents have been reported in professional sports, notably involving Major League Baseball in the 1990 offseason, the National Basketball Association in the 1995 offseason, the 1996 offseason, and the 1998–99 and 2011–12 seasons, the National Hockey League in the 1994–95, 2004–05 and 2012–13 seasons, and the National Football League in the 2011 offseason. The controversial 2012 NFL referee lockout involved referees, not players. In 2005, the NHL became the first major professional sports league in North America to cancel an entire season due to a lockout.[citation needed]

In September 2016, Long Island University became the first institution of higher education to use a lockout against its faculty members.[3][4]

Australia[edit]

On 8 April 1998, stevedoring company Patrick Corporation sought to restructure its operations for productivity reasons. In an industrial watershed event, it sacked all its workers and imposed a lockout on wharves around Australia.[5]

On 29 October 2011, Qantas Airways declared a lockout of all domestic employees in the face of ongoing union industrial action. That cancelled all flights, grounding the entire fleet for several days.[6]

Denmark[edit]

On 2 April 2013, the Danish Union of Teachers (Danish: Danmarks Lærerforening) and the Local Government Association (Danish: Kommunernes Landsforening) declared a lockout for more than 60,000 primary school teachers across the country. Over 600,000 students were affected by the lockout and could not go to school.

The dispute was over if teachers should have extra working time, as the KL wanted. The DFL was against it and could not find a solution.[7] After 24 days of being locked out, the teachers lost the battle on 25 April 2013, with a government intervention to end the lockout. The government chose to apply all of the KL's main demands, and the teachers got a small wage increase as compensation.

Lock-in[edit]

The term lock-in refers to the practice of physically preventing workers from leaving a workplace. In most jurisdictions, it is illegal, but it is occasionally reported, especially in some developing countries.[citation needed]

Lock-ins should not be confused with a sit-down strike, like the Flint Sit-Down Strike between the United Automobile Workers and General Motors Corporation.

More recently, lock-ins have been carried out by employees against management, which have been labeled 'bossnapping' by the mainstream media. In France during March 2009, 3M's national manager was locked in his office for 24 hours by employees in a dispute over redundancies.[8][9][10] The following month, union employees of a call center managed by Synovate in Auckland locked the front doors of the office, in response to management locking them out.[11] Such practices bear some resemblance to the gherao in India. It is also caused by disagreement between employer and employees in a certain department.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.bls.gov/wsp/wspfaq.htm#Question_3
  2. ^ "Lockouts - what is human resource ?". whatishumanresource.com. Retrieved November 24, 2012. 
  3. ^ Jaschik, Scott (6 September 2016). "Labor Day Lockout". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved 9 September 2016. 
  4. ^ Semuels, Alana. "An Unprecedented Faculty Lockout". The Atlantic. 
  5. ^ Steve O'Neill, "Outline of the Waterfront Dispute", Current Issues Brief, (Parliamentary Library), n15, 1998. Archived 2011-06-04 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Qantas grounds entire fleet Archived 2011-10-30 at the Wayback Machine. - ABC/Yahoo News, 29 Oct 2011
  7. ^ Lockout to take effect April 2 - The Copenhagen Post, 25 Mar 2013
  8. ^ "Striking French workers free boss". BBC News. 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2009-09-19. 
  9. ^ Sage, Adam (2009-04-04). "Angry French workers turn to 'Bossnapping' to solve their problems". The Times. London. Archived from the original on April 1, 2011. Retrieved 2009-09-19. 
  10. ^ Matlack, Carol. "BusinessWeek Europe - Sarkozy's "Bossnapping" Dilemma". Businessweek.com. Retrieved 2009-09-19. 
  11. ^ "Locked out call-centre staff lock managers in". NZ Herald. 2009-04-14. Retrieved 2009-09-19. 

External links[edit]

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