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Many notable works of fiction are set in London, the capital city of England.
19th century fiction
- Many of Charles Dickens's most famous novels are at least partially set in London, including Oliver Twist (1838), The Old Curiosity Shop (1840), A Christmas Carol (1843), David Copperfield (1850), Bleak House (1853), Little Dorrit (1857), A Tale Of Two Cities (1859), Great Expectations (1861), Our Mutual Friend (1865), and The Mystery of Edwin Drood (1870).
- William Makepeace Thackeray - Vanity Fair (1847)
- Jules Verne - Around the World in Eighty Days (French: Le tour du monde en quatre-vingts jours) (1872)
- Robert Louis Stevenson - New Arabian Nights (1882), The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (1886)
- Henry James - The Princess Casamassima (1886), A London Life (1888), What Maisie Knew (1897), In the Cage (1898)
- Oscar Wilde - The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891)
- H. G. Wells - The Time Machine (1895), The Invisible Man (1897), The War of the Worlds (1898)
- Arthur Morrison - A Child of the Jago (1896)
- Somerset Maugham - Liza of Lambeth (1897)
- Bram Stoker's - Dracula (1897) comes to London in order to seduce Mina Harker.
- Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes stories. Holmes live at 221B Baker Street - a fictional address since Baker Street was much shorter in Victorian times. The Docklands area plays a large part in The Sign of Four.
- George Gissing's novels are almost exclusively set in London, including The Nether World (1889), New Grub Street (1891) and The Odd Women (1893).
- Irishman George Moore also wrote an "English" novel mainly set in London, Esther Waters (1894).
20th century fiction
- Chesterton's allegorical works The Napoleon of Notting Hill (1904) and The Man Who Was Thursday (1908) both feature surreal depictions of London.
- Joseph Conrad - The Secret Agent (1907)
- J M Barrie - Peter and Wendy (1904 - 1911)
- Marie Belloc Lowndes - The Lodger (1913)
- D. H. Lawrence - Sons and Lovers (1913)
- P. G. Wodehouse's Jeeves and Wooster novels (1919 onwards). Wooster lives mainly in London, and is a member of the Drones Club.
- Virginia Woolf - Mrs Dalloway (1925)
- T. S. Eliot's The Waste Land (1922) makes frequent reference to the Unreal City.
- Evelyn Waugh - Vile Bodies (1930)
- Aldous Huxley - Brave New World (1932)
- Patrick Hamilton - 20,000 Streets Under The Sky (1935)
- George Orwell - Keep The Aspidistra Flying (1936)
- Cameron McCabe - The Face on the Cutting-Room Floor (1937)
- Patrick Hamilton - Hangover Square (1941)
- Patrick White - The Living and the Dead (1941)
- Norman Collins - London Belongs to Me (1945)
- Elizabeth Bowen - The Heat of the Day (1949)
- George Orwell - Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949)
- Agatha Christie - Crooked House (1949)
- C. S. Lewis - The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (1950)
- John Wyndham - The Day of the Triffids (1951)
- Graham Greene - The End of the Affair (1951) & The Destructors (1954)
- Dodie Smith - The Hundred and One Dalmatians (1956)
- Colin MacInnes - Absolute Beginners (1959) and Mr Love and Justice (1960)
- Iris Murdoch - A Severed Head (1961)
- Muriel Spark - The Girls of Slender Means (1963)
- P. L. Travers - Mary Poppins (1964). Takes place on 17 Cherry Tree Lane and at the Bank of England.
- Doris Lessing - The Four-Gated City (1969)
- Michael Moorcock - The Jerry Cornelius stories (from 1969), Mother London (1988), King of the City (2000)
- Thomas Pynchon - Gravity's Rainbow (1973)
- Maureen Duffy - Capital (1975)
- Peter Ackroyd - The Great Fire of London (1982), Hawksmoor (1985), English Music (1992), The House of Doctor Dee (1993), Dan Leno and the Limehouse Golem (1994)
- Alan Moore - V for Vendetta (1982 – 1989)
- Iain Banks - Walking on Glass (1985)
- Martin Amis - Money (1984), London Fields (1989)
- Tom Clancy - Patriot Games (1987)
- Hanif Kureishi - The Buddha of Suburbia (1987)
- Vertigo (DC Comics) - Hellblazer (1988 - 2013)
- Salman Rushdie - The Satanic Verses (1989)
- Josephine Hart - Damage (1991)
- Bernice Rubens - A Solitary Grief (1991)
- Barbara Vine - King Solomon's Carpet (1991)
- Nick Hornby - Fever Pitch (1992), High Fidelity (1996), About a Boy (1998)
- Will Self - Grey Area (1996)
- Julian Barnes - Metroland (1997)
- Helen Fielding - Bridget Jones' Diary (1997)
- Anthony Frewin - London Blues (1997), set mainly in Soho at the time of the Profumo affair
- Neil Gaiman's Neverwhere (1997) is set partly in real London, and partly in an alternative "London Below".
- Ian McEwan - Enduring Love (1997)
- J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter series (1997 - 2007) features fictional London locations: the hidden Diagon Alley, and a Platform 9 3⁄4 at King's Cross.
- Kouta Hirano's Hellsing Manga (1997-2009) casts London as the story's main setting.
- William Boyd - Armadillo (1998)
- Alan Moore - From Hell (1999)
- Hanif Kureishi - Gabriel's Gift (2001)
- John Lanchester - Mr Phillips (2001), Capital (2012)
- Bernard Cornwell - Gallows Thief (2001)
- Philip Reeve - Mortal Engines (2001), A Darkling Plain (2006), Fever Crumb (2009)
- Zadie Smith - White Teeth (2001)
- Miles Tredinnick - Topless, (2001)
- Iain Banks - Dead Air (2002)
- Dan Brown - The Da Vinci Code (2003)
- William Gibson - Pattern Recognition (2003)
- Zoë Heller - Notes on a Scandal (2003)
- Adam Thirlwell - Politics (2003)
- Neal Stephenson - The Baroque Cycle (Quicksilver (2003), The Confusion (2004), The System of the World (2004))
- Monica Ali - Brick Lane (2004)
- Ben Elton - Past Mortem (2004)
- A. N. Wilson - My Name Is Legion (2004)
- Nick Hornby - A Long Way Down (2005)
- Ian McEwan - Saturday (2005)
- Will Self - The Book of Dave (2006)
- Charles Finch - A Beautiful Blue Death (2007), The September Society (2008), The Fleet Street Murders (2009), A Stranger in Mayfair (2010)
- Mary Novik - Conceit (2007)
- Charlie Fletcher - The Stoneheart (2008)
- Anthony Horowitz - Stormbreaker, Eagle Strike, Scorpia, Ark Angel (2008)
- Ruth Rendell - Portobello (2008)
- Audrey Niffenegger - Her Fearful Symmetry (2009)
- DC Comics - Wonder Woman is based in London following The New 52 relaunch of her ongoing series (2011–present)
- Ben Aaronovitch - Rivers of London (2011), Moon Over Soho (2011), Whispers Under Ground (2012), Broken Homes (2013) The Hanging Tree (2016)
- Mike Bartlett - 13 (2011)
- Robert Galbraith - The Cuckoo's Calling (2013), The Silkworm (2014) Career of Evil (2015)
- Anakana Schofield - Martin John (2016)
- Robert J. Sherman - Bumblescratch (2016)
Several nursery rhymes mention places in London.