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The (Secret) City of London, Part 2: Government
The (Secret) City of London, Part 2: Government
::2012/09/19::
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Lord Mayor
Lord Mayor's Procession - London 2011
::2011/11/20::
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Lord Mayor
Lord Mayor's Show 2013 | NEW LORD MAYOR Alderman Fiona Woolf GREET THE CROWDS
::2013/11/10::
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The Lord Mayor
The Lord Mayor's Show London 2012
::2012/11/10::
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"The City in Europe" debate: Lord Mayor of the City of London
"The City in Europe" debate: Lord Mayor of the City of London's comments
::2013/09/10::
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LONDON LORD MAYOR
LONDON LORD MAYOR'S PARADE 2012 ON 10/11/12 PART 1
::2012/11/10::
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Lord Mayor
Lord Mayor's Show 2013
::2013/11/09::
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Pride of Place: Sir David Wooton, Lord Mayor of London 2011- 2012
Pride of Place: Sir David Wooton, Lord Mayor of London 2011- 2012
::2013/05/09::
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Tomorrow
Tomorrow's Cities - The Rt Hon the Lord Mayor of London Fiona Woolf CBE
::2014/02/12::
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The Lord Mayor
The Lord Mayor's Show London 2013
::2013/11/12::
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Lord Mayor
Lord Mayor's coach leaves for parade
::2012/10/28::
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The Lord Mayor of London, His Right Royal Highness, The Honorable Sir Lord  Boris Johnson
The Lord Mayor of London, His Right Royal Highness, The Honorable Sir Lord Boris Johnson
::2011/07/27::
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Lord Mayor
Lord Mayor's Show Parade 2013 | City of London | November 9, 2013 | UK | News |
::2013/11/12::
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Lord Mayor Of London
Lord Mayor Of London's Visit To Dorchester (1936)
::2014/04/13::
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Kitchener
Kitchener's Memorial Unveiled By Lord Mayor Of London (1916)
::2014/04/13::
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LONDON LORD MAYOR
LONDON LORD MAYOR'S SHOW 2013 - PART 2
::2013/11/10::
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Lord Mayor Of London In Paris (1960)
Lord Mayor Of London In Paris (1960)
::2014/04/13::
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Lord Mayor
Lord Mayor's show - London 2013 Part 1
::2013/11/10::
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Lord Mayor Of London Greets King George VI (1944)
Lord Mayor Of London Greets King George VI (1944)
::2014/04/13::
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Spitalfields: Opportunity Through Regeneration - Michael Bear, The Lord Mayor of London
Spitalfields: Opportunity Through Regeneration - Michael Bear, The Lord Mayor of London
::2011/08/31::
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Lord Mayor Of London (1930)
Lord Mayor Of London (1930)
::2014/04/13::
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Lord Mayor Of London (1922)
Lord Mayor Of London (1922)
::2014/04/13::
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Lord Mayor Of London
Lord Mayor Of London's King George V1 Fund (1952)
::2014/04/13::
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The Lord Mayor Show  London  2013
The Lord Mayor Show London 2013
::2013/11/09::
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The Lord Mayor Of London (1932)
The Lord Mayor Of London (1932)
::2014/04/13::
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RICS Cities 2030 Conference - Special Address by the Lord Mayor of London.mpg
RICS Cities 2030 Conference - Special Address by the Lord Mayor of London.mpg
::2012/10/17::
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Election Of New Lord Mayor Of London AKA City Of London
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::2014/04/13::
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Lord Mayor Of London In Dublin (1962)
Lord Mayor Of London In Dublin (1962)
::2014/04/13::
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Women who make London - Fiona Wolf, Lord Mayor of London
Women who make London - Fiona Wolf, Lord Mayor of London
::2014/07/14::
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Lord Mayor Of London Goes To Australia (1950)
Lord Mayor Of London Goes To Australia (1950)
::2014/04/13::
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Lord Mayor Of London (1928)
Lord Mayor Of London (1928)
::2014/04/13::
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London
London's Lord Mayor Elect (1934)
::2014/04/13::
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The Lord Mayor Of London (1936)
The Lord Mayor Of London (1936)
::2014/04/13::
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London Lord Mayor Show 2012 Beautiful Horses and Bands
London Lord Mayor Show 2012 Beautiful Horses and Bands
::2012/11/10::
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THE LORD MAYOR
THE LORD MAYOR'S SHOW 2013
::2013/11/14::
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Lord Mayor of London in South Africa
Lord Mayor of London in South Africa
::2010/03/24::
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Lord Mayor
Lord Mayor's Show London 12 Nov 2011 Alderman David Wootton
::2011/11/12::
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Lord Mayor Writing Letter AKA Lord Mayor Of London (1917)
Lord Mayor Writing Letter AKA Lord Mayor Of London (1917)
::2014/04/13::
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Rifle Range For Boys Opened AKA Lord Mayor Of London (1914-1918)
Rifle Range For Boys Opened AKA Lord Mayor Of London (1914-1918)
::2014/04/13::
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Scout Rally And London
Scout Rally And London's Lord Mayor (1938)
::2014/04/13::
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Lord Mayor of London
Lord Mayor of London's visit to South Africa
::2011/09/01::
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Beans on Toast live @ Occupy London NOT the Lord Mayor
Beans on Toast live @ Occupy London NOT the Lord Mayor's Show
::2011/11/14::
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Roger Gifford, Lord Mayor of London at Baroness Thatcher ...
Roger Gifford, Lord Mayor of London at Baroness Thatcher ...
::2013/11/30::
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Lord Mayor Of London Opens Hospital At Putney For Canadian Officers (1914)
Lord Mayor Of London Opens Hospital At Putney For Canadian Officers (1914)
::2014/04/13::
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LONDON LORD MAYOR
LONDON LORD MAYOR'S SHOW 2013 - PART 1
::2013/11/10::
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London
London's New Lord Mayor (1951)
::2014/04/13::
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London
London's Lord Mayor In Warsaw (1962)
::2014/04/13::
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Hong Kong
Hong Kong's entry in 2013 Lord Mayor's Show in London highlights HK comics and animation
::2013/11/15::
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The Lord Mayor of London visits Wakefield Cathedral
The Lord Mayor of London visits Wakefield Cathedral
::2012/07/24::
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City Of London - B  Aka My Lord Mayor - Cuts (1960)
City Of London - B Aka My Lord Mayor - Cuts (1960)
::2014/04/13::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Not to be confused with Mayor of London.
Lord Mayor of London
Fiona Woolf at the Lord Mayor's Show in 2013
Incumbent
Fiona Woolf [1]

since 2013
Residence Mansion House, EC4
Appointer City liverymen
Term length 1 year
Inaugural holder Henry Fitz-Ailwin
de Londonestone
Formation 1189
Website www.cityoflondon.gov.uk

The Right Honourable the Lord Mayor of London is the formal title and style of the Mayor of (and head of) the City of London Corporation.

The office of Lord Mayor of London differs from that of Mayor of London; the former being the governing officer solely for the City of London, while the Mayor of London has responsibility for the whole of Greater London, a much larger area. Within the City of London, the Lord Mayor is accorded precedence over all individuals except the Sovereign and retains various traditional powers, rights and privileges.

In 2006 the Corporation of London changed its name to the City of London Corporation. At the same time the title Lord Mayor of the City of London came into use, partly to avoid confusion with the Mayor of London. However, the legal and commonly-used title remains the Lord Mayor of London.

The Lord Mayor is elected each year at Michaelmas 'Common Hall', and takes office on the Friday before the second Saturday in November, at 'The Silent Ceremony'. On the day after taking office, the Lord Mayor's Show is held; the Lord Mayor, preceded by a procession, travels to the Royal Courts of Justice at the Strand in Westminster to swear allegiance to the Sovereign before the Justices of the High Court.

The Lord Mayor's main role is, as it has been for centuries, to represent, support and promote the businesses and residents in the City of London. Today, these businesses are mostly in the financial sector and the Lord Mayor is regarded as the champion of the entire UK-based financial sector regardless of ownership or location throughout the country. As head of the Corporation of the City of London, the Lord Mayor serves as the key spokesman for the local authority and also has important ceremonial and social responsibilities. All Lord Mayors of London are apolitical, which gives them added credibility at home and abroad when representing the financial sector. The Lord Mayor delivers over 800 speeches per year and spends over 100 days abroad usually in more than 20 countries. The Lord Mayor, also ex-officio Chancellor of London's City University, is assisted in the day-to-day running of her schedule by the Mansion House Staff who are senior administrative personnel in the Corporation of London[2] and whose titles range from the Town Clerk and Chief Executive to Chamberlain and Remembrancer.

The present Lord Mayor is Fiona Woolf (for 2013-14).[3]

Titles and honours[edit]

Portrait of Lord Mayor of London Sir William McArthur, by Leslie Ward, 1881

Of the 69 cities in the United Kingdom, the City of London is among the 30 that have Lord Mayors (or, in Scotland, Lords Provost). The Lord Mayor is entitled to the style The Right Honourable; the same privilege extends only to the Lord Mayors of York, Cardiff and Belfast, and to the Lords Provost of Edinburgh and Glasgow. The style, however, is used when referring to the office as opposed to the holder thereof; thus, "The Rt Hon The Lord Mayor of the City of London" would be correct, while "The Rt Hon Fiona Woolf" would be incorrect. The latter prefix applies only to Privy Counsellors.

A woman who holds the office is also known as a Lord Mayor. The wife of a male Lord Mayor is known as the Lady Mayoress, but no equivalent title exists for the husband of a female Lord Mayor. A female Lord Mayor or an unmarried male Lord Mayor may appoint a female consort, usually a fellow member of the corporation, to the role of Lady Mayoress. In speech, a Lord Mayor is referred to as "My Lord Mayor", and a Lady Mayoress as "My Lady Mayoress".

It was once customary for Lord Mayors to be created knights upon taking office and baronets upon retirement, unless they already held such a title. This custom was followed with a few inconsistencies from the 16th until the 19th centuries; creations became more regular from 1889 onwards. However, from 1964 onwards, the regular creation of hereditary titles such as baronetcies was phased out, so subsequent Lord Mayors were offered knighthoods (and, until 1993, most often as Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE)). Since 1993, Lord Mayors have not automatically received any national honour upon appointment; instead, they have been made Knights Bachelors upon retirement, although Gordon Brown's Government broke with that tradition by making Ian Luder a CBE, after his term of office in 2009, and the following year Nick Anstee declined offers of a national honour. Furthermore, foreign Heads of State visiting the City of London on a UK State Visit, diplomatically bestow upon the Lord Mayor one of their suitable national honours. For example, in 2001, Sir David Howard was created a Grand Cordon (First Class) of the Order of Independence of Jordan by King Abdullah II. Additionally, Lord Mayors in recent years have been appointed at the beginning of their term of office Knights or Dames of St John (KJStJ/DJStJ), as a mark of respect, by HM The Queen, Sovereign Head of the Order of St John.

History[edit]

The office of Lord Mayor was instituted in 1189, the first holder of the office being Henry Fitz-Ailwin de Londonestone. The Mayor of the City of London has been elected by the City, rather than appointed by the Sovereign, ever since a Royal Charter providing for a Mayor was issued by King John in 1215. The title "Lord Mayor" came to be used after 1354, when it was granted to Thomas Legge (then serving his second of two terms) by King Edward III.

Glory Days: Admission ticket to Lord Mayor Thomas Gabriel's reception of H.I.M. The Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz Khan at The Guildhall, 18 July 1867, issued to the Chairman of P. & O. Navigation Company.

Lord Mayors are elected for one-year terms; by custom, they do not now serve more than one consecutive term. Numerous individuals have served multiple terms in office, including:
As Mayor:

As Lord Mayor:

The last individual to serve multiple terms was Sir Robert Fowler (elected in 1883 and in 1885). [4]

Almost 700 people have served as Lord Mayor. Dame Mary Donaldson, elected in 1983, and Fiona Woolf, elected in 2013, are the only women so far to have held the office.

Some Lord Mayors in the Middle Ages, such as Sir Edward Dalyngrigge (1392), did not reside in London. Since 1435, the Lord Mayor has been chosen from amongst the Aldermen of the City of London.

Election[edit]

The Lord Mayor bears his mace at coronations.

The Lord Mayor is elected at Common Hall, comprising Liverymen from all of the City's Livery Companies. Common Hall is summoned by the sitting Lord Mayor; it meets at Guildhall on Michaelmas Day (29 September) or on the closest weekday. Voting is by show of hands; if, however, any liveryman so demands, balloting is held a fortnight later.

The qualification to stand for election is that one must have served as a City Sheriff and be a current Alderman. Since 1385, prior service as Sheriff has been mandatory for election to the Lord Mayoralty. Two Sheriffs are selected annually by Common Hall, which meets on Midsummer's Day for this purpose. By an ordinance of 1435, the Lord Mayor must be chosen from amongst the Aldermen of the City of London. Those on the electoral roll of each of the City's 25 Wards select one Alderman, who formerly held office for life or until resignation. Now each Alderman must submit for re-election at least once in every six years.

The Lord Mayor is then sworn in November, on the day before the Lord Mayor's Show (see below). The ceremony is known as the "Silent Ceremony" because, aside from a short declaration by the incoming Lord Mayor, no speeches are made. At Guildhall, the outgoing Lord Mayor transfers the mayoral insignia—the Seal, the Purse, the Sword and the Mace—to the incoming Lord Mayor.

Lord Mayor's Show[edit]

Main article: Lord Mayor's Show
Main part (Doggett's Coat & Badge men, State Coach, and The Company of Pikemen and Musketeers of the Honourable Artillery Company) of the Lord Mayor's procession waiting outside the Royal Courts of Justice, 13.20, 12 November 2011
In 1747, the Lord Mayor went to Westminster Hall on a barge via the River Thames.

The day after being sworn in, the Lord Mayor leads a procession from the City of London to the Royal Courts of Justice in the City of Westminster, where the Lord Mayor swears allegiance to the Crown. This pageantry has evolved into one of London's longest-running and most popular annual events, known as the "Lord Mayor's Show". The Lord Mayor travels in the City's State Coach that was built in 1757 at a cost of £1,065.0s.3d. (£124,630 as of 2014).[5] Nowadays, this festival combines traditional British pageantry with the element of carnival. Since 1959 it has been held on the second Saturday in November. Participants include the Livery Companies, bands and members of the military, charities and schools. In the evening, a fireworks display is held.

Role[edit]

The Lord Mayor is a member of the City of London's governing body, the City of London Corporation (incorporated as The Mayor and Commonalty and Citizens of the City of London). The Corporation comprises the Court of Aldermen and the Court of Common Council; the former includes only the Aldermen, while the latter includes both Aldermen and Common Councilmen. The Lord Mayor belongs to and presides over both bodies.

As noted earlier, the main role of the Lord Mayor is to represent, support and promote all aspects of UK-financial service industries, including maritime. They undertake this as head of the City of London Corporation and, during the year, host visiting foreign Ministers, businessmen and dignitaries; furthermore, they conduct several foreign visits of their own so as to promote British financial sectors.

Banquets hosted by the Lord Mayor serve as opportunities for senior Government figures to deliver major speeches. At the Lord Mayor's Banquet (held on the Monday after the Lord Mayor's Show), the Prime Minister delivers the keynote address. At the Banker's Dinner in June, the Chancellor of the Exchequer delivers a speech known as the Mansion House Speech, which takes its name from the Lord Mayor's residence. At the Easter Banquet, also hosted each year at the Mansion House, the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs addresses an audience of international dignitaries.

In 2013, The Lord Mayor carried the Sword of Mourning at Baroness Thatcher's Funeral processing ahead of HM The Queen and HRH Prince Philip into St Paul's Cathedral.

The Lord Mayor performs numerous other functions, including serving as the Chief Magistrate of the City of London, Admiral of the Port of London, Chancellor of City University, President of Gresham College, President of City of London Reserve Forces and Cadets Association, and Trustee of St Paul's Cathedral. The Lord Mayor is also heads the City's Commission of Lieutenancy, which represents the Sovereign in the City of London (other counties usually have Lord Lieutenants, as opposed to Commissions), and annually attends the Treloar Trust (named after Sir William Treloar, Lord Mayor in 1906), in Hampshire. The Treloar Trust runs two educational sites for disabled children, a school and college.[6]

Rights and privileges[edit]

The Lord Mayor's Collar of Esses may have once been used as the symbol of the office of Lord Chancellor by Sir Thomas More.

The residence of the Lord Mayor is known as Mansion House. The creation of the residence was considered after the Great Fire of London (1666), but construction did not commence until 1739. It was first occupied by a Lord Mayor in 1752, when Sir Crispin Gascoigne took up residence.

It is sometimes asserted that the Lord Mayor may exclude the Sovereign from the City of London. The legend is based on the misinterpretation of the ceremony observed each time the Sovereign enters the City. At Temple Bar the Lord Mayor presents the City's pearl-encrusted Sword of State to the Sovereign as a symbol of the latter's overlordship. The Sovereign does not, as is often purported, wait for the Lord Mayor's permission to enter the City.

The importance of the office is reflected by the composition of the Accession Council, a body which proclaims the accession of new Sovereigns. The Council includes the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of London, as well as the Lords Spiritual, Lords Temporal and Privy Counsellors. At the coronation banquet which followed, the Lord Mayor of the City of London had the right to assist the Royal Butler. The same privilege is held by the Lord Mayor of Oxford; the Mayor of Winchester may assist the Royal Cook. Such privileges have not been exercised since 1821, when the last coronation banquet (commemorating the coronation of George IV) was held.

Since 1545 the Lord Mayor of London has worn a Royal Livery Collar of Esses. However, the Collar's origins are not royal, Sir John Alen, thrice Lord Mayor, having bequeathed it to the next Lord Mayor and his successors "to use and occupie yerely at and uppon principall and festivall dayes." It was enlarged in 1567, and in its present shape has 28 Esses (the Lancastrian ‘S’), the Tudor rose, the tasselled knots of the Garter and also the Portcullis.[7]

List of Lord Mayors of London[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jamie, Dunkley (8 November 2013). "http://www.standard.co.uk/business/business-news/woolf-takes-over-as-the-second-woman-to-be-lord-mayor-of-city-8928688.html". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Leading personnel page at: http://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/Corporation/LGNL_Services/Council_and_democracy/Council_departments/Leading+personnel.htm - See also: Town Clerk of London,
  3. ^ Jamie, Dunkley (8 November 2013). "http://www.standard.co.uk/business/business-news/woolf-takes-over-as-the-second-woman-to-be-lord-mayor-of-city-8928688.html". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "History of the Mayoralty". City of London. 
  5. ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  6. ^ A more detailed account of the role of the Lord Mayor can be found in former Lord Mayor Sir John Stuttard's Whittington to World Financial Centre - The City of London and its Lord Mayor (2008 by Phillimore & Co) ISBN 978-1-86077-586-4.
  7. ^ "The Lord Mayor of London's treasures go on show as the Mansion House opens its doors". The Daily Telegraph. 24 November 2008. Retrieved 11 May 2010. 

External links[edit]

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