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Tibetan Losar song by Tenzin Choegyal and Passang lhamo
Tibetan Losar song by Tenzin Choegyal and Passang lhamo
Published: 2017/02/11
Channel: Namsa Marpo
LOSAR SONG | LADAKHI NEW SONG | FAISAL KHAN ASHOOR & TSEWANG DORJAY | RINCHEN WACHER | 2018
LOSAR SONG | LADAKHI NEW SONG | FAISAL KHAN ASHOOR & TSEWANG DORJAY | RINCHEN WACHER | 2018
Published: 2017/12/09
Channel: Faisal Khan Ashoor
Jammu Losar 2018 | ALSAJ | Loasr 2k18
Jammu Losar 2018 | ALSAJ | Loasr 2k18
Published: 2018/01/07
Channel: Pixel Challenger
Ladakh | Losar Celebrations in Leh 21.12.2017 | Tashi Delek | TheDispatch
Ladakh | Losar Celebrations in Leh 21.12.2017 | Tashi Delek | TheDispatch
Published: 2017/12/21
Channel: TheDispatch
Losar Tashi Delek
Losar Tashi Delek
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: MStudioBhutan
Gurung Losar 2016 in Kathmandu || Losar Festival
Gurung Losar 2016 in Kathmandu || Losar Festival
Published: 2016/12/30
Channel: Aashirwad Music
Minnesota LOSAR Celebration 2017
Minnesota LOSAR Celebration 2017
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: CHIME MN
Losar Leb - New Ladakhi Song || Jigmat Nontsay (Tia) || Losar 2k18
Losar Leb - New Ladakhi Song || Jigmat Nontsay (Tia) || Losar 2k18
Published: 2017/12/11
Channel: Jigmat Rinchen
Losar Mela (new year) 2018 pooh kinnaur Himachal pardesh
Losar Mela (new year) 2018 pooh kinnaur Himachal pardesh
Published: 2017/12/27
Channel: LAND OF GOD KINNAUR
Happy Losar 2018
Happy Losar 2018
Published: 2017/12/17
Channel: Semyangs སེམས་དབྱངས།
Ladakhi  Losar celebrate in jammu
Ladakhi Losar celebrate in jammu
Published: 2017/12/28
Channel: Beant Singh
TIBETAN LHASA CITY LOSAR 2017 CELEBRATION ལྷ་ས་གྲོང་ཁྱེར་༢༠༡༧ ལོའི་ལོ་གསར།
TIBETAN LHASA CITY LOSAR 2017 CELEBRATION ལྷ་ས་གྲོང་ཁྱེར་༢༠༡༧ ལོའི་ལོ་གསར།
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: Jigdo
Ladakhi Jammu Losar 2017
Ladakhi Jammu Losar 2017
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: Thupstan Dawa
TIBETAN LHASA LOSAR 2017
TIBETAN LHASA LOSAR 2017
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Jigdo
SPITI Valley : Part-5 : Kunzum Pass to Losar to Kaza
SPITI Valley : Part-5 : Kunzum Pass to Losar to Kaza
Published: 2016/11/13
Channel: Roads of Himalayas
NEW TIBETAN SONG 2017 LOSAR BY TSEWANG LHAMO  HD
NEW TIBETAN SONG 2017 LOSAR BY TSEWANG LHAMO HD
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: Kenze 85
सधै खाली हुने काठमाडौँको टुडिखेल लाखौ गुरुङ हरुले भरिय  || Tamu Losar 2074 Tudikhel
सधै खाली हुने काठमाडौँको टुडिखेल लाखौ गुरुङ हरुले भरिय || Tamu Losar 2074 Tudikhel
Published: 2017/12/30
Channel: Namaste Online TV
Chandigarh losar 2018
Chandigarh losar 2018
Published: 2018/01/16
Channel: Tsewang Gyalson
''Losar'' celebration concert at Leh, of 21/12/2017, selective videos of performances # 2
Published: 2017/12/21
Channel: Lobzang Dorjay
Ladakh losar celebration in leh city
Ladakh losar celebration in leh city
Published: 2017/12/22
Channel: Tashe Tsekhar
Tamu Losar 2017 Gurung Community of Akron
Tamu Losar 2017 Gurung Community of Akron
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: Gurung Community Ohio
Ladakhi losar 21-12-2017.NANAM SABU
Ladakhi losar 21-12-2017.NANAM SABU
Published: 2017/12/22
Channel: rinchen namgial
2017 AMDO LOSAR - GALA CELEBRATION (Tibetan New year)
2017 AMDO LOSAR - GALA CELEBRATION (Tibetan New year)
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: Tibetan HeartBeat
Ladakhi LOSAR 2017 Himalayan group
Ladakhi LOSAR 2017 Himalayan group
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Rigzin stakmo
ALSAJ LOSAR CELEBRATION  (2016-17)  official
ALSAJ LOSAR CELEBRATION (2016-17) official
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: Stanzin Sonam
Dawa Bhuti LOSAR 2017
Dawa Bhuti LOSAR 2017
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: lovet
Chandigarh losar 2018
Chandigarh losar 2018
Published: 2018/01/16
Channel: Tsewang Gyalson
TSEWANG LHAMO, SHERTEN , KUNGA LOSAR 2017
TSEWANG LHAMO, SHERTEN , KUNGA LOSAR 2017
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: Jigdo
LOSAR/LHOSAR 2018 NEW YEAR || लोसार||LOSAR 2074 IN TUDIKHEL KATHMANDU
LOSAR/LHOSAR 2018 NEW YEAR || लोसार||LOSAR 2074 IN TUDIKHEL KATHMANDU
Published: 2016/12/30
Channel: Dhakal Binod
HOLTANGBA LOSAR 2017 || CHITWAN, THUMSI ||  (MANANG LOSAR)
HOLTANGBA LOSAR 2017 || CHITWAN, THUMSI || (MANANG LOSAR)
Published: 2017/12/30
Channel: L10G vlogs
Lhosar 2074 | Year 2018||हेर्नै पर्ने ऐतिहासिक भिडियो | Festival Losar
Lhosar 2074 | Year 2018||हेर्नै पर्ने ऐतिहासिक भिडियो | Festival Losar
Published: 2016/12/30
Channel: Dhakal Binod
Teaser of AZSAJ Losar 2018 | All Zanskar Student Assocation Jammu | Losar
Teaser of AZSAJ Losar 2018 | All Zanskar Student Assocation Jammu | Losar
Published: 2018/01/15
Channel: Pixel Challenger
Ladakhi Rap on Losar 2k17
Ladakhi Rap on Losar 2k17
Published: 2017/03/13
Channel: Nubu Laba
སྒར་སྟོན་ཆེན་མོ། • The Grand Garchen Losar Feast • 嘎千新年大宴
སྒར་སྟོན་ཆེན་མོ། • The Grand Garchen Losar Feast • 嘎千新年大宴
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: Karmapa
Mock Losar ( Summer School 2017 )
Mock Losar ( Summer School 2017 )
Published: 2017/10/18
Channel: Tibetan Children's Villages
KHAMPA LOSAR 2016
KHAMPA LOSAR 2016
Published: 2016/02/09
Channel: Jigdo
lok dohori Competition 2017 || tamu losar 2017 Competition  || बनको काफल बनकै चरीलाई
lok dohori Competition 2017 || tamu losar 2017 Competition || बनको काफल बनकै चरीलाई
Published: 2017/12/29
Channel: LIVE NEPAL
TIBETAN AMDO LOSAR 2017 གསེར་བྱ་དགྱེས་པའི་མཆོད་དབྱངས།
TIBETAN AMDO LOSAR 2017 གསེར་བྱ་དགྱེས་པའི་མཆོད་དབྱངས།
Published: 2017/01/28
Channel: Jigdo
Sonam losar 2018  (2853) KTM tudikhel
Sonam losar 2018 (2853) KTM tudikhel
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: Sanyosh Tamang 622
Losar Celebration at Jangi (24-12-2017) Kinnaur H.P.
Losar Celebration at Jangi (24-12-2017) Kinnaur H.P.
Published: 2017/12/25
Channel: Rajeev Negi Pujaras
LADAKH LOSAR CELEBRATING - NEW YEAR
LADAKH LOSAR CELEBRATING - NEW YEAR
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: Lynx Expeditions
New Year Of Tamu Losar Chitawan HD
New Year Of Tamu Losar Chitawan HD
Published: 2015/01/07
Channel: Music Nepal
Album Hamro ngding song in USA sherpa kiyduk losar song by PGS Guroup
Album Hamro ngding song in USA sherpa kiyduk losar song by PGS Guroup
Published: 2016/06/07
Channel: sonam sherpa lama koshish
LADAKHI LOSAR PARTY
LADAKHI LOSAR PARTY
Published: 2017/12/25
Channel: Stan Jimmy
Best of Kham Losar 2017
Best of Kham Losar 2017
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: Tibetan Music World 藏族音乐世界 བོད་ཀྱི་རོལ་དབྱངས་གླིང་།
Lhasa Losar 2016 [ COLLECTION  ]
Lhasa Losar 2016 [ COLLECTION ]
Published: 2016/02/16
Channel: Tibetan Music World 藏族音乐世界 བོད་ཀྱི་རོལ་དབྱངས་གླིང་།
Hamro Yo Losar Melama " LOSAR SONG" By Pemba Chhoti Sherpa.
Hamro Yo Losar Melama " LOSAR SONG" By Pemba Chhoti Sherpa.
Published: 2016/05/02
Channel: ghanashyam2002
Losar Celebrations | Scene at Main Bazar Leh | 19.12.2017 | Tibetan New Year | TheDispatch
Losar Celebrations | Scene at Main Bazar Leh | 19.12.2017 | Tibetan New Year | TheDispatch
Published: 2017/12/19
Channel: TheDispatch
Annual Sherpa Losar Party 2017 New York.
Annual Sherpa Losar Party 2017 New York.
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: GB Production
Losar de la Vera
Losar de la Vera
Published: 2014/06/27
Channel: david.riosruedas
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Losar
Also called Tibetan New Year
Lhochhar
Tsagaan Sar
Observed by Tibetans, Bhutanese, Nepalese, Tibetan Buddhists
Type Tibetan culture, Tibetan Buddhist, new year
2017 date February 27, Bird/Rooster[A]
2018 date February 16, Dog
2019 date February 5, Boar/Pig/Deer[B]
2020 date January 25, Rat
Frequency Annual
Related to Other lunisolar new year festivals in Asia

Losar (Tibetan: ལོ་གསར་Wylie: lo-gsar; "new year"[4]) is a festival in Tibetan Buddhism.[5] The holiday is celebrated on various dates depending on location (Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan) and tradition.[6][7] The holiday is a new year's festival, celebrated on the first day of the lunisolar Tibetan calendar, which corresponds to a date in February or March in the Gregorian calendar.[4] The 2018 date is February 16-18.[8]

The variation of the festival in Nepal is called Lhochhar and is observed about eight weeks earlier than the Tibetan Losar.[9]

History[edit]

Losar celebration in Lhasa, 1938

Losar predates the arrival of Buddhism in Tibet and has its roots in a winter incense-burning custom of the Bon religion. During the reign of the ninth Tibetan king, Pude Gungyal (617-698), it is said that this custom merged with a harvest festival to form the annual Losar festival.[4]

The 14th Dalai Lama (1998: p. 233) frames the importance of consulting the Nechung Oracle for Losar:

For hundreds of years now, it has been traditional for the Dalai Lama, and the Government, to consult Nechung during the New Year festivals.[10]

Tenzin Wangyal (2002: p.xvii) frames his experience of Tibetan cultural practice of Losar in relation to elemental celebrations and offerings to Nāga (Tibetan: Klu):

During Losar, the Tibetan celebration of the new year, we did not drink champagne to celebrate. Instead, we went to the local spring to perform a ritual of gratitude. We made offerings to the nagas, the water spirits who activated the water element in the area. We made smoke offerings to the local spirits associated with the natural world around us. Beliefs and behaviors like ours evolved long ago and are often seen as primitive in the West. But they are not only projections of human fears onto the natural world, as some anthropologists and historians suggest. Our way of relating to the elements originated in the direct experiences by our sages and common people of the sacred nature of the external and internal elements. We call these elements earth, water, fire, air, and space.[11]

The Gumpa dance being performed in Lachung during the Buddhist festival of Losar

Practice[edit]

Losar is celebrated for 15 days, with the main celebrations on the first three days. On the first day of Losar, a beverage called changkol is made from chhaang (a Tibetan cousin of beer). The second day of Losar is known as King's Losar (gyalpo losar). Losar is traditionally preceded by the five-day practice of Vajrakilaya. Because the Uyghurs adopted the Chinese calendar, and the Mongols and Tibetans adopted the Uyghur calendar,[12] Losar occurs near or on the same day as the Chinese New Year and the Mongolian New Year, but the traditions of Losar are unique to Tibet, and predate both Indian and Chinese influences. Originally, ancient celebrations of Losar occurred solely on the winter solstice, and was only moved to coincide with the Chinese and Mongolian New Year by a leader of the Gelug school of Buddhism.[13]

Prior to the Chinese takeover of Tibet in 1950, Losar began with a morning ritual ceremony at Namgyal Monastery, led by the Dalai Lama and other high-ranking lamas, with government officials participating, to honor the Dharmapala (dharma-protector) Palden Lhamo.[14] After the Dalai Lama was exiled, many monasteries were dissolved during the Cultural Revolution. Since that time, Tibetan Buddhism practice in Tibet has been somewhat restored, and "Losar is now celebrated, though without the former ceremonies surrounding the person of the Dalai Lama."[14]

In Tibet, various customs are associated with the holiday:

Families prepare for Losar some days in advance by thoroughly cleaning their homes; decorating with fragrant flowers and their walls with auspicious signs painted in flour such as the sun, moon, or a reversed swastika; and preparing cedar, rhododendron, and juniper branches for burning as incense. Debts are settled, quarrels are resolved, new clothes are acquired, and special foods such as kapse (fried twists) are made. A favorite drink is chang (barley beer) which is served warm. Because the words "sheep's head" and "beginning of the year" sound similar in Tibetan, it is customary to fashion a sheep's head from colored butter as a decoration. Another traditional decoration that symbolizes a good harvest is the phyemar ("five-grain bucket"), a bucket with a wooden board that creates two vertical halves within. This bucket is filled with zanba (also known as tsamba, roasted qingke barley flour) and barley seeds, then decorated with barley ears and colored butter.[4]

Losar customs in Bhutan are similar to, but distinct from, customs in neighboring Tibet.[15] Modern celebration of the holiday began in Bhutan in 1637, when Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal commemorated the completition of the Punakha Dzong with an inaugural ceremony, in which "Bhutanese came from all over the country to bring offerings of produce from their various regions, a tradition that is still reflected in the wide variety of foods consumed during the ritual Losar meals."[15] Traditional foods consumed on the occasion include sugarcane and green bananas, which are considered auspicious.[15] In Bhutan, picnicking, dancing, singing, dart-playing, archery (see archery in Bhutan), and the giving of offerings are all traditions.[15]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In the Tibetan and Gurung zodiac, the bird is the seventh and tenth zodiac, respectively, and thus will be considered the "Year of the Bird". The Gurungs celebrated the "Year of the Bird" in December 2016.[1] The Tamang celebrated Sonam Losar - The Year of the Rooster on January 29, 2017.[2]
  2. ^ In the Tibetan zodiac, the boar is the ninth zodiac and thus will be considered the "Year of the Boar". In the Gurung zodiac, the deer is the twelfth zodiac and thus will be considered the "Year of the Deer". The Gurungs will celebrate the "Year of the Deer" in December 2018.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tibetan Astrology – Table of Year-Animal-Element | Albagnano Healing Meditation Centre". Ahmc.ngalso.net. 2014-01-28. Retrieved 2017-01-21. 
  2. ^ "Holidays and observances in Nepal in 2017". Timeanddate.com. 2016-12-31. Retrieved 2017-01-21. 
  3. ^ "Tamu (Gurung) Losar Festival | Culture | ECSNEPAL - The Nepali Way". Ecs.com.np. 2010-07-11. Retrieved 2017-01-21. 
  4. ^ a b c d William D. Crump, "Losar" in Encyclopedia of New Year's Holidays Worldwide (McFarland & Co.: 2008), pp. 237-38.
  5. ^ "Buddhism: Losar". BBC. September 8, 2004. 
  6. ^ Peter Glen Harle, Thinking with Things: Objects and Identity among Tibetans in the Twin Cities (Ph.D dissertation: Indiana University, 2003), p. 132: "In Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, and other areas where Tibetan Buddhism is practiced, the dates for Losar are often calculated locally, and often vary from region.".
  7. ^ William D. Crump, Encyclopedia of New Year's Holidays Worldwide (McFarland & Co.: 2008), pp. 237: ""Different traditions have observed Losar on different dates."
  8. ^ https://www.google.com/search?ei=DNU_WvDeK4PGmQGEjqaIAw&q=Losar+2018&oq=Losar+2018&gs_l=psy-ab.3..0l3.10631.11240.0.11623.5.5.0.0.0.0.90.395.5.5.0....0...1c.1.64.psy-ab..0.5.392...0i67k1j0i22i30k1.0.Jttk7jiUiVg
  9. ^ Tibetan Borderlands: PIATS 2003: Proceedings of the International Association of Tibetan Studies, Oxford, 2003, p. 121: "Yet though their Lhochhar is observed about eight weeks earlier than the Tibetan Losar, the festival is clearly borrowed, and their practice of Buddhism comes increasingly in a Tibetan idiom."
  10. ^ Gyatso, Tenzin (1988). Freedom in Exile: the Autobiography of the Dalai Lama of Tibet (rev. ed.: Abacus Books, London. ISBN 0-349-11111-1
  11. ^ Tenzin Wangyal Rinpoche (2002). Healing with Form, Energy, and Light. Ithaca, New York: Snow Lion Publications. ISBN 1-55939-176-6
  12. ^ Ligeti, Louis (1984). Tibetan and Buddhist Studies: Commemorating the 200th Anniversary of the Birth of Alexander Csoma De Koros. 2. University of California Press. p. 344. ISBN 9789630535731. 
  13. ^ Hastings, James (2003). Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, Part 10. Kessinger Publishing. p. 892. ISBN 9780766136823. 
  14. ^ a b J. Gordon Melton, "Losar" in Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations, Vol. 1 (ABC-CLIO), 2011), pp. 530-31.
  15. ^ a b c d James Mayer, Losar: Community Building and the Bhutanese New Year Archived February 28, 2017, at the Wayback Machine., Smithsonian Folklife Festival, Smithsonian Institution (February 15, 2013).

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