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Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet
Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet
Published: 2013/12/12
Channel: Thomas Hewes
Louis Jolliet
Louis Jolliet
Published: 2016/08/28
Channel: WikiWikiup
The French Explorers  The Exploration of the Mississippi River  Marquette  Jolliet  and LaSalle  167
The French Explorers The Exploration of the Mississippi River Marquette Jolliet and LaSalle 167
Published: 2014/02/18
Channel: Angie Robey-Stream
Louis Joliet History Project
Louis Joliet History Project
Published: 2016/03/10
Channel: Tariq Kandil
Louis Joliet
Louis Joliet
Published: 2015/04/07
Channel: Monica Evon
The Expedition of Marquette and Jolliet  1672
The Expedition of Marquette and Jolliet 1672
Published: 2015/10/05
Channel: Jay Kelley
Croisière Louis Jolliet AML avec l
Croisière Louis Jolliet AML avec l'AGTQ Association des Guides Touristiques de Québec 2015
Published: 2015/06/17
Channel: Claudine Dt
Louis Jolliet
Louis Jolliet
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: Jacques Trempe
Marcel et le Louis-Jolliet
Marcel et le Louis-Jolliet
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: izalixe
Le Louis Jolliet
Le Louis Jolliet
Published: 2017/10/22
Channel: CharlesPro Channel
LOUIS JOLLIET
LOUIS JOLLIET
Published: 2012/08/27
Channel: Steve Geronazzo
Vlog au Louis jolliet
Vlog au Louis jolliet
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: JE ARRETE YOUTUBE
Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet
Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet
Published: 2011/10/31
Channel: DuttonHistory
Louis-Jolliet
Louis-Jolliet
Published: 2013/05/17
Channel: Énergie 98,9 Québec
Guided Sightseeing Cruise(AML Louis Jolliet) - Saint Lawrence River
Guided Sightseeing Cruise(AML Louis Jolliet) - Saint Lawrence River
Published: 2016/07/07
Channel: Felipe Chen
Vlog Louis Jolliet
Vlog Louis Jolliet
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: Shëden Gaming 2099
Vidéoclip d
Vidéoclip d'une classe de francisation au Centre Louis-Jolliet
Published: 2014/11/03
Channel: Du monde à connaître
Louis Jolliet - IMO 5212749
Louis Jolliet - IMO 5212749
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: Jacques Trempe
Louis Jolliet 2013
Louis Jolliet 2013
Published: 2013/08/05
Channel: JC Dostie
Centre louis-jolliet La compagnie Créole
Centre louis-jolliet La compagnie Créole
Published: 2015/10/14
Channel: Veronique Fortin
Marquette and Joliet
Marquette and Joliet
Published: 2014/09/05
Channel: MrRodriguezJ17
CN  1057  Louis Jolliet.
CN 1057 Louis Jolliet.
Published: 2011/05/24
Channel: MontrealtrainChannel
Lipdub Elle me dit - Mika - Francisation Centre Louis-Jolliet
Lipdub Elle me dit - Mika - Francisation Centre Louis-Jolliet
Published: 2012/11/20
Channel: Alison Gagnon
Camp Louis-Jolliet
Camp Louis-Jolliet
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: Les Pourvoiries du Québec
360, Louis Jolliet
360, Louis Jolliet
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: Réjean Pilon
Louis Jolliet by Tayvion
Louis Jolliet by Tayvion
Published: 2016/04/28
Channel: ABBY GOELLER
Croisière Louis Jolliet. Ville de Québec 2012.
Croisière Louis Jolliet. Ville de Québec 2012.
Published: 2012/06/18
Channel: Sam C
Quebec Outfitters Camp - Camp Louis Jolliet
Quebec Outfitters Camp - Camp Louis Jolliet
Published: 2016/06/07
Channel: Sportsman Channel
Louis Jolliet   EP Melioris Directors Cut
Louis Jolliet EP Melioris Directors Cut
Published: 2017/09/26
Channel: Katherine Melioris
Louis Jolliet Saint Lawrence River Quebec
Louis Jolliet Saint Lawrence River Quebec
Published: 2009/01/08
Channel: julescalan
Vidéo de music au centre louis jolliet(1)
Vidéo de music au centre louis jolliet(1)
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: Jonathan L'Africain
Manon, orthopédagogue au centre Louis-Jolliet
Manon, orthopédagogue au centre Louis-Jolliet
Published: 2016/09/30
Channel: moi ma vie mon métier
Course vers le Louis Jolliet
Course vers le Louis Jolliet
Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: Eric Beaulieu
358 Louis Jolliet, Châteauguay
358 Louis Jolliet, Châteauguay
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: maison avendre
The Story of Louis Joliet
The Story of Louis Joliet
Published: 2015/11/16
Channel: Famadillo.com Travel
Louis-Jolliet Harlem Shake 26/05/2013 Dj Rocky
Louis-Jolliet Harlem Shake 26/05/2013 Dj Rocky
Published: 2013/05/27
Channel: Rocky Labrecque
Vidéo de music au centre louis jolliet(6)
Vidéo de music au centre louis jolliet(6)
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: Jonathan L'Africain
Salon de création des étudiants de Louis-Jolliet.
Salon de création des étudiants de Louis-Jolliet.
Published: 2015/06/03
Channel: Justin Cannado
"Let
"Let's Go Exploring" - Marquette and Joliet Song
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: Kari Schiefelbein
26 Rue Louis-Jolliet, Saint-Jérôme, Québec, Canada, J7Y 0C3 - François Pelletier
26 Rue Louis-Jolliet, Saint-Jérôme, Québec, Canada, J7Y 0C3 - François Pelletier
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: urbanimmersive
The Adventures of Marquette and Joliet
The Adventures of Marquette and Joliet
Published: 2015/01/29
Channel: Austin Knaack
Les jeudis célibataires Bud Light sur le Louis-Jolliet
Les jeudis célibataires Bud Light sur le Louis-Jolliet
Published: 2009/08/06
Channel: philoukid
Louis Jolliet
Louis Jolliet's adventure By:Sofia
Published: 2016/05/18
Channel: Walker YouTube
Complexe Jules Dallaire - Vue sur la Lune et Louis-Jolliet
Complexe Jules Dallaire - Vue sur la Lune et Louis-Jolliet
Published: 2016/06/22
Channel: Karim Mourabit Amari
Football Louis-Jolliet vs Séminaire de St-Geoges. L-J 10 points, St-G 41 points. 10 octobre 1981
Football Louis-Jolliet vs Séminaire de St-Geoges. L-J 10 points, St-G 41 points. 10 octobre 1981
Published: 2012/06/02
Channel: razabang007
Devootty as Louis Jolliet, the  French Canadian Explorer
Devootty as Louis Jolliet, the French Canadian Explorer
Published: 2016/02/17
Channel: Poornima Ravi
Vidéo de music au centre louis jolliet(8)
Vidéo de music au centre louis jolliet(8)
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: Jonathan L'Africain
Vidéo de music au centre louis jolliet(3)
Vidéo de music au centre louis jolliet(3)
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: Jonathan L'Africain
Vidéo de music au centre louis jolliet(5)
Vidéo de music au centre louis jolliet(5)
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: Jonathan L'Africain
Louis-jolliet soleil soleil
Louis-jolliet soleil soleil
Published: 2015/06/18
Channel: Veronique Fortin
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Louis Jolliet
Louis Jolliet.JPG
Alfred Laliberté's Louis Jolliet sculpture in front of Parliament Building (Quebec)
Born (1645-09-21)September 21, 1645
near Quebec City, Canada
Died 1700 (aged 54–55)
en route from Quebec to Anticosti Island
Allegiance New France (Canada)
Awards Jolliet was granted land south of Quebec in return for his favours
Relations Jacque Jolliet: Father
Other work Canadian explorer
Signature Louis Jolliet Signature.svg

Louis Jolliet (September 21, 1645 – last seen May 1700) was a French Canadian explorer known for his discoveries in North America.[1] Jolliet and Jesuit Father Jacques Marquette, a Catholic priest and missionary, were the first non-Natives to explore and map the Mississippi River in 1673.

Early life[edit]

Jolliet was born in 1645 in Beaupré, a[2] French settlement near Quebec City. When he was seven years old, his father died but his mother remarried a successful merchant. Jolliet's stepfather owned land on the Ile d'Orleans, an island in the Saint Lawrence River in Quebec that was home to First Nations. Jolliet spent much time on Ile d'Orleans, so it was likely that he began speaking Aboriginal languages at a young age. During his childhood, Quebec was the center of the French fur trade. The Natives were part of day-to-day life in Quebec, and Joliet grew up knowing a lot about them. He entered a Jesuit school as a child and focused on philosophical and religious studies, aiming for priesthood. He also studied music, becoming a skilled harpsichordist and church organist. Yet he decided to leave the seminary as an adult and pursued fur trading instead.

Jolliet attended a Jesuit school in Quebec and received minor orders in 1662, but abandoned his plans to become a priest in 1667.[3] He spoke French, English, and Spanish.

Exploration of the Upper Mississipp[edit]

Ca. 1681 map of Marquette and Jolliet's 1673 expedition.

While Hernando de Soto was the first European to make official note of the Mississippi River by discovering its southern entrance in 1541, Jolliet and Marquette were the first to locate its upper reaches, and travel most of its length, about 130 years later. De Soto had named the river Rio del Espiritu Santo, but tribes along its length called it variations of "Mississippi".

On May 17, 1673, Jolliet and Marquette departed from St. Ignace Michigan with two canoes and five other voyageurs of French-Indian ancestry (today's Métis). The group followed Lake Michigan to the end of Green Bay. They then paddled upstream (but southward) on the Fox River to the site now known as Portage, Wisconsin. There, they portaged (carried their canoes and gear) a distance of slightly less than two miles through marsh and oak forest to the Wisconsin River. Europeans eventually built a trading post at that shortest convenient portage between the Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins. On June 17, the canoeists ventured onto the Mississippi River near present-day Prairie du Chien.

The Jolliet-Marquette expedition traveled down the Mississippi to within 435 miles (700 km) of the Gulf of Mexico. They turned back north at the mouth of the Arkansas River. By this point, they had encountered natives carrying European goods, and worried about a possible hostile encounter with explorers or colonists from Spain.[4] The voyageurs then followed the Mississippi back to the mouth of the Illinois River, which friendly natives told them was a shorter route back to the Great Lakes. Following the Illinois river upstream, they then turned up its tributary the Des Plaines River near modern-day Joliet, Illinois. They then continued up the Des Plaines river, and portaged their canoes and gear at the Chicago Portage. They then followed the Chicago River downstream until they reached Lake Michigan near the location of modern-day Chicago. Father Marquette stayed at the mission of St. Francis Xavier at the southern end of Green Bay, which they reached in August. Joliet returned to Quebec to relate the news of their discoveries.

Marquette returned to what later became the Illinois Country in late 1674. He became the first Europeans to winter over in what would become the city of Chicago.[5]

Later years[edit]

Jolliet married Claire-Francoise Byssot de la Valtrie, who was Canadian. She was a daughter of Francois Byssot de la Riviere and his wife Marie Couillard. Claire Francoise was also a sister of Louise Byssot de la Valtrie, wife of Seraphin de Margane, Seigneur de la Valtrie. In 1680, Jolliet was granted the Island of Antwhere where he created a fort and maintained soldiers. In 1693, he was appointed "Royal Hydrographer", and on April 30, 1697, he was granted a seigneury southwest of Quebec City which he named Jolliest.

In 1694, he sailed from the Gulf of St. Lawrence north along the coast of Labrador as far north as Zoar, a voyage of five and a half months. He recorded details of the country, navigation, the Inuit and their customs. His journal ("Journal de Louis Jolliet allant à la descouverte de Labrador, 1694,") is the earliest known detailed survey of the Labrador coast from the Strait of Belle Isle to Zoar.

In May 1700, Louis Jolliet eft for Anticosti Island and was presumed to have died. A mass for his soul was said on September 15, 1700. His body was never found, and the place and date of his death remain unknown.[6]

Jolliet was one of the first people of European descent born in North America to be remembered for significant discoveries. Though no authentic period portrait is known to exist, Jolliet is often portrayed wearing either typical frontiersman garb such as a fur hat or in sharp contrast, ensconced in the European nobleman's style that his personal wealth and prestige would have commanded although living in colonial society.

Legacy[edit]

Plaque commemorating Jolliet in Chicago.
Monument commemorating Jolliet in Quebec City.

Louis' main legacy is most tangible in the Midwestern United States and Quebec, mostly through geographical names, including the cities of Joliet, Illinois; Joliet, Montana; and Joliette, Quebec (founded by one of Jolliet's descendants, Barthélemy Joliette).

The several variations in the spelling of the name "Jolliet" reflect spelling that occurred at times when illiteracy or poor literacy was common, and spelling was still highly unstandardized.[7] Jolliet's descendants live throughout eastern Canada and the United States. The Louis Jolliet rose, developed by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, was named in his honor.[8]

The Jolliet Squadron of cadets at the Royal Military College Saint-Jean in the Province of Quebec was named in his honor. Joliet Junior College in Joliet, Illinois is named after the explorer, as are numerous high schools in North America.

A cruise ship sailing out of Quebec City is also named in his honour.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Tanya Larkin (2003). Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet: Explorers of the Mississippi. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-8239-3625-0. Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  2. ^ https://www.britannica.com/biography/Louis-Jolliet
  3. ^ Wilson, James Grant & Fiske, John (Eds.). Appleton's Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton and Company (1887), Vol. III, p. 461.
  4. ^ Cotton, Bruce (1984). Michigan: A History, p. 14. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-30175-3.
  5. ^ Wisconsin Historical Society
  6. ^ Slater, Renée (2003), "Marquette, Jacques (1637–1675), and Louis Jolliette (1645–1700)", in Speake, Jennifer, Literature of Travel and Exploration: an Encyclopedia, 2, Taylor & Francis, p. 771, ISBN 978-1-57958-424-5 
  7. ^ Joliet, Louis
  8. ^ Louis Jolliet rose

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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