|City of Louisa, Kentucky|
|— City —|
|Nickname(s): "Gem of the Big Sandy"|
|Established||December 11, 1822|
|• Mayor||Teddy Preston|
|• Total||1.4 sq mi (3.6 km2)|
|• Land||1.3 sq mi (3.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||584 ft (178 m)|
|• Density||1,496.2/sq mi (577.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||41201, 41230|
|GNIS feature ID||0497204|
Louisa is a city in Lawrence County, Kentucky, United States. The population was 2,018 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Lawrence County. The Levisa Fork River and Tug Fork River join at Louisa to form the Big Sandy River. Just north of this merger is the location of the first needle dam in the United States which was completed in 1896.
The origin of the city's name is unclear. Theories include that it was named for Louisa County, Virginia, or a corruption of the name of the river ("Levisa") or that it was named after Louisa Swetnam, one of the first children born in the area to Europeans. Settlement attempts began as early as 1790, but did not take hold until 1818. Louisa became the county seat in 1822 and a city in 1823.
Louisa is located at .(38.112054, -82.605796)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.6 km²), of which 1.4 square miles (3.5 km²) is land and 0.04 square mile (0.1 km²) (2.17%) is water.
The bridge from Louisa, in eastern Lawrence County, to Fort Gay, West Virginia is something of a geographic and architectural oddity. The quarter-mile concrete span spans two forks of the Big Sandy River, connects two states and has a right turn at its halfway point, which connects traffic to the Point Section neighborhood of Louisa.
Every second weekend in September, Louisa hosts the regional Septemberfest that features several local and national acts performing for three days, as well as the huge arts and crafts section on the northwestern side of town and the many food vendors featuring Southeastern cuisine.
|U.S. Census Bureau|
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,018 people, 927 households, and 548 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,496.2 people per square mile (577.2/km²). There were 1,065 housing units at an average density of 789.6 per square mile (304.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.61% White, 0.50% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.05% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.20% of the population.
There were 927 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.8% were non-families. 38.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 79.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $16,690, and the median income for a family was $24,474. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,746. About 27.5% of families and 32.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.9% of those under age 18 and 17.4% of those age 65 or over.
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