|• Body||Lumding Municipality Board|
|Elevation||125 m (410 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-AS|
The word 'Lumding' owes its roots to a couple of Dimasa words 'Lama' and 'Ding' connoting 'straight pathway'. There's another Railway station adjacent to it with the same root word "Lama" (Path), it is Lamasakhong (Valley of the small pathways) which is just a few kilometers away from Lumding.
Over the years Lumding has developed into township. The railway township had always enjoyed scant rainfall during the rainy season every year, although the trend has significantly altered over the past few decades.
It is famous for being one of the bigger divisional headquarters of the North East Frontier Railway and the biggest junction in the North-Eastern part of the country. The town is also the gateway to the visually enchanting Lumding-Badarpur hill-tract between Lumding and Badarpur. The track has been included as a UNESCO Heritage site a few years back.
Lumding railway station is an important Railway Junction and Railway Division in the Northeast Frontier Railways as it connects Tripura to Assam. It used to have both Meter Gauge and Broad Gauge. The BG line is of Guwahati-Lumding-Dibrugarh Town and the MG line is the Lumding-Badarpur-Silchar/Agartala.
The town Lumding has a number of secondary schools and high schools like Railway Higher Secondary School, Don Bosco High School, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Dakshin Lumding Vidya Niketan, Pranab Vidyapith, National Higher Secondary School, Pranabananda Vidya Mandir, Dakshin Lumding High School, Bir Kanaklata L.P. School, BLBSDV Hindi High School and Shankar Dev School.
The town has only one college, "Lumding College", affiliated to the Gauhati University and "Womens'Girls College" newly opened, which is under Bharat Sevashram Sangha and a private college name Royal College, Lumding.
On the path to upper Assam , Lumding enjoys a hilly, subterranean landscape with dense reserve forests bounding it from all sides. In the south of it are the magnificent North Cachar Hills. Haflong, The only hill station of Assam is a close destination from Lumding. The region sports small rivers through its hilly terrain and are beautiful to watch during the rainy seasons. Rivers form a major part for the agricultural practices in Lumding and nearby villages to it.
Hills of Lumding puts it to a notable altitude from the sea level, but summers here can burn you up to 40°C and the winters can be as chilling as 4-5°C with fog and mist intervening in the early hours of the day. Monsoon is a notable season here, with rainfall around 60-125mm at an average. But its hills and altitude prevents any flooding in the region during heavy monsoon.
Climate here is favorable for vegetation and agriculture of tropical fruits and vegetables like Oranges, Pineapple, Jack-fruit, Papaya, Banana, Cucumber, Potatoes, Cabbages and other green vegetables.