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Jodrell Bank Lovell Telescope records Luna 15 crash
Jodrell Bank Lovell Telescope records Luna 15 crash
Published: 2011/04/07
Channel: gamefreakjd
Luna 15 and Apollo 11 - It Happened in Space
Luna 15 and Apollo 11 - It Happened in Space
Published: 2013/07/19
Channel: Scientific American Space Lab
Luna 15 over Eagle Apollo 11
Luna 15 over Eagle Apollo 11
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: SOVIET SPACE PROGRAM (Космическая программа СССР)
Soy Luna - Mejores escenas - Capítulo 15 (Parte 5)
Soy Luna - Mejores escenas - Capítulo 15 (Parte 5)
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: Disney Channel LA
Soy Luna 2 Capitulo 51 (Parte 15)
Soy Luna 2 Capitulo 51 (Parte 15)
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: Lutteo Capitulos
Luna 15 over Eagle (Apollo 11)
Luna 15 over Eagle (Apollo 11)
Published: 2007/05/09
Channel: festspielhaus
Soy Luna 2 Capitulo 53 (Parte 15) Final
Soy Luna 2 Capitulo 53 (Parte 15) Final
Published: 2017/08/24
Channel: Lutteo Capitulos
NECROZMA SHINY SALVAJE!! | Pokemon LUNA SHINYLOCKE Ep.15
NECROZMA SHINY SALVAJE!! | Pokemon LUNA SHINYLOCKE Ep.15
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: NovoxGamer
CUMPLE DE LUNA - 15 AÑOS - Dj. Matias Genaro
CUMPLE DE LUNA - 15 AÑOS - Dj. Matias Genaro
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: Matías Genaro Santos
Soy Luna 2 Capitulo 52 (Parte 15) Final
Soy Luna 2 Capitulo 52 (Parte 15) Final
Published: 2017/08/22
Channel: Lutteo Capitulos
Karol Sevilla I 15 Fotos Sobre Mí I #15FotosSobreMí
Karol Sevilla I 15 Fotos Sobre Mí I #15FotosSobreMí
Published: 2016/03/03
Channel: Karol Sevilla
La Luna Sangre
La Luna Sangre's Maymay Entrata: 15 Min. MakeUp Session by MakeUp Artist Eman De Leon
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: EmanDeLeonMakeUp
Soy Luna  Capitulo 15 Parte 1 De 4 (2016)
Soy Luna Capitulo 15 Parte 1 De 4 (2016)
Published: 2016/04/08
Channel: HaRdStYlE
Soy Luna - Episode 15
Soy Luna - Episode 15
Published: 2016/05/11
Channel: Disney Channel FR
Pokémon Sole e Luna - Episodio 15 "Volontà di pietra!" ITA
Pokémon Sole e Luna - Episodio 15 "Volontà di pietra!" ITA
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: giembo
La Luna Sangre August 15, 2017 Teaser
La Luna Sangre August 15, 2017 Teaser
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: ABS-CBN Entertainment
La Nueva Luna - 15 Años (2012)  - CD 1 Completo
La Nueva Luna - 15 Años (2012) - CD 1 Completo
Published: 2013/12/29
Channel: Agus Cabj96
Soy Luna Capítulo 15 (Completo)
Soy Luna Capítulo 15 (Completo)
Published: 2016/06/25
Channel: Soy Luna Fanx
CAHAYA HATI - Nadia Sedih Gagal Bertemu Luna [15 Agustus 2017]
CAHAYA HATI - Nadia Sedih Gagal Bertemu Luna [15 Agustus 2017]
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: RCTI - LAYAR DRAMA INDONESIA
Today in Space – July 13: Luna 15 Heads to the Moon
Today in Space – July 13: Luna 15 Heads to the Moon
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: VideoFromSpace
Soy Luna 2 Capitulo 15 Completo HD
Soy Luna 2 Capitulo 15 Completo HD
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: Disney Channel SUA
Soy Luna ep 15 en francais HD
Soy Luna ep 15 en francais HD
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: Edison Neal
Pokemon Sol y Luna Capitulo 15 Español Latino HD
Pokemon Sol y Luna Capitulo 15 Español Latino HD
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: Estacion Pokemon
La Nueva Luna - 15 Años (2012) - CD 2 Completo
La Nueva Luna - 15 Años (2012) - CD 2 Completo
Published: 2013/12/29
Channel: Agus Cabj96
Karol Sevilla y sus vestidos
Karol Sevilla y sus vestidos
Published: 2016/05/31
Channel: Ashley Mazara
Pokémon Luna Nuzlocke Ep.15 - LO QUE NO ME PASE A MI...
Pokémon Luna Nuzlocke Ep.15 - LO QUE NO ME PASE A MI...
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: Folagor03
Luna i Matteo cz.18
Luna i Matteo cz.18
Published: 2016/10/29
Channel: Hermionaxx
POKÉMON LUNA: INVOCANDO A UN NUEVO POKÉMON! | Capítulo 15.
POKÉMON LUNA: INVOCANDO A UN NUEVO POKÉMON! | Capítulo 15.
Published: 2016/11/22
Channel: Bl3sSuR
Soy Luna - Chanson : "Prófugos" (épisode 15)
Soy Luna - Chanson : "Prófugos" (épisode 15)
Published: 2016/08/21
Channel: Disney Channel FR
15 Moon (Vocals by Periluna) - Pony Empires Complete
15 Moon (Vocals by Periluna) - Pony Empires Complete
Published: 2013/03/30
Channel: Carbon Maestro
Soy Luna 2 - Escena #11 (Capítulo 15)
Soy Luna 2 - Escena #11 (Capítulo 15)
Published: 2017/05/07
Channel: Leticia Farias
Soy Luna - Mejores escenas - Capítulo 15 (Parte 1)
Soy Luna - Mejores escenas - Capítulo 15 (Parte 1)
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: Disney Channel LA
15 Soy Luna en Concierto Aqui estoy
15 Soy Luna en Concierto Aqui estoy
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: Gloria Sarmiento
Highlights-Ciera Luna 15 años
Highlights-Ciera Luna 15 años
Published: 2016/02/22
Channel: ProStudios Image
La Luna Sangre: Sandrino finds the La Liga Unida Camp | EP 15
La Luna Sangre: Sandrino finds the La Liga Unida Camp | EP 15
Published: 2017/07/08
Channel: ABS-CBN Entertainment
Soy Luna 2 Capitulo 50 (Parte 15)
Soy Luna 2 Capitulo 50 (Parte 15)
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: Lutteo Capitulos
Soy Luna 2 - Todos arreglan la pista Cap 15
Soy Luna 2 - Todos arreglan la pista Cap 15
Published: 2017/04/29
Channel: El Fresa
Jacob y Renesmee / Reflejo de Luna/PARTE 15
Jacob y Renesmee / Reflejo de Luna/PARTE 15
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: Tina Silva
¡Combates ardientes!  |#15| Pokemon Luna (N3DS) en Español
¡Combates ardientes! |#15| Pokemon Luna (N3DS) en Español
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: DSimphony
SOY LUNA: Los XV años de LUNA! Fiesta SORPRESA! - Juguetes Fantásticos
SOY LUNA: Los XV años de LUNA! Fiesta SORPRESA! - Juguetes Fantásticos
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: Juguetes Fantásticos !
Soy Luna - Résumé des épisodes 11 à 15
Soy Luna - Résumé des épisodes 11 à 15
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: Disney Channel FR
Soy Luna SPOILERS!! Staffel 2 {15} | Exklusive Bilder der 2 Staffel |
Soy Luna SPOILERS!! Staffel 2 {15} | Exklusive Bilder der 2 Staffel |
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: Soy Luna Channel
Final Fantasy XV - Luna Death Scene (Extremely Emotional Scene)
Final Fantasy XV - Luna Death Scene (Extremely Emotional Scene)
Published: 2016/12/04
Channel: MrSp3ctre
Pokémon Luna #15 - ¡Bienvenidos al Battle Royale!
Pokémon Luna #15 - ¡Bienvenidos al Battle Royale!
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: LyraGamer
SUPER astro LUNA 15/08/2017
SUPER astro LUNA 15/08/2017
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: SUPER astro
Slither Io Offline Android
Slither Io Offline Android
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: finadahda zarka
La Luna Sangre August 16, 2017 Teaser
La Luna Sangre August 16, 2017 Teaser
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: ABS-CBN Entertainment
Soy Luna 2 Folge 15 - Die Reparaturarbeiten beginnen (Deutsch)
Soy Luna 2 Folge 15 - Die Reparaturarbeiten beginnen (Deutsch)
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: Soy Luna Deutsch
Soy Luna 2 Folge 15 - Matteo bietet Luna seine Hilfe an (Deutsch)
Soy Luna 2 Folge 15 - Matteo bietet Luna seine Hilfe an (Deutsch)
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: Soy Luna Deutsch
15 COSE DA SAPERE PRIMA DI INIZIARE POKEMON SOLE LUNA
15 COSE DA SAPERE PRIMA DI INIZIARE POKEMON SOLE LUNA
Published: 2016/11/22
Channel: Giorgio Cappello Di Paglia
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Luna 15
Luna-16.jpg
Luna 15
Mission type Lunar sample return
COSPAR ID 1969-058A
SATCAT no. 4036
Mission duration 8 days achieved
Spacecraft properties
Bus Ye-8-5
Manufacturer GSMZ Lavochkin
Launch mass 5,600 kg (12,300 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 13 July 1969, 02:54:42 (1969-07-13UTC02:54:42Z) UTC
Rocket Proton-K/D
Launch site Baikonur 81/24
End of mission
Destroyed 21 July 1969, 15:51 (1969-07-21UTC15:52Z) UTC
Orbital parameters
Reference system Selenocentric
Lunar orbiter
Orbital insertion 17 July 1969, 10:00 UTC
Lunar impact (failed landing)
Impact date 21 July 1969, 15:51 UTC
Impact site 17°N 60°E / 17°N 60°E / 17; 60[1]
Instruments
  • Stereo imaging system
  • Remote arm for sample collection
  • Radiation detector

Luna 15 was an unmanned space mission of the Soviet Luna programme.

On 21 July 1969, while Apollo 11 astronauts finished the first human moonwalk, Luna 15, an unmanned Soviet spacecraft in lunar orbit at the time, began its descent to the lunar surface. Launched three days before the Apollo 11 mission, it was the second Soviet attempt to return lunar soil back to Earth with a goal to outstrip the US in sample return under Moon race. The Soviet craft crashed into the Moon at 15:50 UT, hours before the scheduled American lift off from the Moon.[2]

Mission[edit]

Luna 15 was capable of studying circumlunar space, the lunar gravitational field, and the chemical composition of lunar rocks. It was also capable of providing lunar surface photography. Luna 15 was placed in an intermediate Earth orbit after launch and was then sent toward the Moon. After a mid-course correction the day after launch, Luna 15 entered lunar orbit at 10:00 UT on 17 July 1969. The spacecraft remained in lunar orbit for two days while controllers checked all on-board systems and performed two orbital manoeuvres.

After completing 86 communications sessions and 52 orbits of the Moon at various inclinations and altitudes, it began its descent. Astronauts Armstrong and Aldrin had already set foot on the Moon when Luna 15 fired its main retrorocket engine to initiate descent to the surface at 15:47 UT on 21 July 1969. Transmissions ceased four minutes after de-orbit, at a calculated altitude of 3 kilometres (1.9 mi). The spacecraft had probably crashed into the side of a mountain. Impact coordinates were 17° north latitude and 60° east longitude, in Mare Crisium.[1]

An audio recording of the minutes in which British technicians at the radio telescope facility in Jodrell Bank observed Luna 15's descent was first made available to the public on 3 July 2009.[3]

Implications[edit]

In a race to reach the Moon and return to Earth, the parallel missions of Luna 15 and Apollo 11 represented, in many ways, the culmination of the Space Race between the space programs of both the United States and the Soviet Union in the 1960s.[citation needed] The simultaneous missions became one of the first instances of Soviet–American space cooperation: the USSR released Luna 15's flight plan to ensure it would not collide with Apollo 11, though its exact mission was unknown.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Luna 15". NASA: Solar System Exploration: Missions to the Moon. Archived from the original on 2015-06-21. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  2. ^ "Russian spacecraft landed on Moon hours before Americans". telegraph.co.uk. 4 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  3. ^ a b "Recording tracks Russia's Moon gatecrash attempt". 3 July 2009. 

External links[edit]

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