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Jodrell Bank Lovell Telescope records Luna 15 crash
Jodrell Bank Lovell Telescope records Luna 15 crash
Published: 2011/04/07
Channel: gamefreakjd
Luna 15 and Apollo 11 - It Happened in Space
Luna 15 and Apollo 11 - It Happened in Space
Published: 2013/07/19
Channel: Scientific American Space Lab
Luna 15 over Eagle Apollo 11
Luna 15 over Eagle Apollo 11
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: SOVIET SPACE PROGRAM (Космическая программа СССР)
Soy Luna - Mejores escenas - Capítulo 15 (Parte 5)
Soy Luna - Mejores escenas - Capítulo 15 (Parte 5)
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: Disney Channel LA
Karol Sevilla I 15 Fotos Sobre Mí I #15FotosSobreMí
Karol Sevilla I 15 Fotos Sobre Mí I #15FotosSobreMí
Published: 2016/03/03
Channel: Karol Sevilla
Pokémon Luna Randomlocke (Alita) - EP 15 - ERA YO E.T todo este tiempo!
Pokémon Luna Randomlocke (Alita) - EP 15 - ERA YO E.T todo este tiempo!
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: CabraVoladora
La Nueva Luna - 15 Años (2012)  - CD 1 Completo
La Nueva Luna - 15 Años (2012) - CD 1 Completo
Published: 2013/12/29
Channel: Agus Cabj96
Soy Luna ep 15 en francais HD
Soy Luna ep 15 en francais HD
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: Edison Neal
Soy Luna - Episode 15
Soy Luna - Episode 15
Published: 2016/05/11
Channel: Disney Channel FR
Soy Luna 2 - Los chicos arreglan la pista - Capítulo​ 15
Soy Luna 2 - Los chicos arreglan la pista - Capítulo​ 15
Published: 2017/04/29
Channel: DeliveryVideos
Soy Luna  Capitulo 15 Parte 1 De 4 (2016)
Soy Luna Capitulo 15 Parte 1 De 4 (2016)
Published: 2016/04/08
Channel: HaRdStYlE
SOY LUNA: Los XV años de LUNA! Fiesta SORPRESA!
SOY LUNA: Los XV años de LUNA! Fiesta SORPRESA!
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: Juguetes Fantásticos !
Pokémon Luna Nuzlocke Ep.15 - LO QUE NO ME PASE A MI...
Pokémon Luna Nuzlocke Ep.15 - LO QUE NO ME PASE A MI...
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: Folagor03
Soy Luna Capítulo 15 (Completo)
Soy Luna Capítulo 15 (Completo)
Published: 2016/06/25
Channel: Soy Luna Fanx
Soy Luna SPOILERS!! Staffel 2 {15} | Exklusive Bilder der 2 Staffel |
Soy Luna SPOILERS!! Staffel 2 {15} | Exklusive Bilder der 2 Staffel |
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: Soy Luna Channel
Soy Luna 2 - Escena #11 (Capítulo 15)
Soy Luna 2 - Escena #11 (Capítulo 15)
Published: 2017/05/07
Channel: Leticia Farias
Soy Luna - Mejores escenas - Capítulo 15 (Parte 2)
Soy Luna - Mejores escenas - Capítulo 15 (Parte 2)
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: Disney Channel LA
In sintesi: Pokémon Sole e Luna | Episodio 15
In sintesi: Pokémon Sole e Luna | Episodio 15
Published: 2017/02/24
Channel: Pokémon Next
Soy Luna - Chanson : "Prófugos" (épisode 15)
Soy Luna - Chanson : "Prófugos" (épisode 15)
Published: 2016/08/21
Channel: Disney Channel FR
Soy Luna - Mejores escenas - Capítulo 15 (Parte 1)
Soy Luna - Mejores escenas - Capítulo 15 (Parte 1)
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: Disney Channel LA
Highlights-Ciera Luna 15 años
Highlights-Ciera Luna 15 años
Published: 2016/02/22
Channel: ProStudios Image
15 Soy Luna en Concierto Aqui estoy
15 Soy Luna en Concierto Aqui estoy
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: Gloria Sarmiento
Soy Luna 2 - Escena #15 (Capítulo 22)
Soy Luna 2 - Escena #15 (Capítulo 22)
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: Leticia Farias
Soy Luna 2 Folge 15 - Matteo bietet Luna seine Hilfe an (Deutsch)
Soy Luna 2 Folge 15 - Matteo bietet Luna seine Hilfe an (Deutsch)
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: Soy Luna Deutsch
Calle Luna, Calle Sol | Episodio 15 | Monica Spear Manuel Sosa
Calle Luna, Calle Sol | Episodio 15 | Monica Spear Manuel Sosa
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: Pongalo
SUPER astro LUNA 15/06/2017
SUPER astro LUNA 15/06/2017
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: SUPER astro
¡Combates ardientes!  |#15| Pokemon Luna (N3DS) en Español
¡Combates ardientes! |#15| Pokemon Luna (N3DS) en Español
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: DSimphony
Soy Luna 2 Folge 15 - Die Reparaturarbeiten beginnen (Deutsch)
Soy Luna 2 Folge 15 - Die Reparaturarbeiten beginnen (Deutsch)
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: Soy Luna Deutsch
15 Moon (Vocals by Periluna) - Pony Empires Complete
15 Moon (Vocals by Periluna) - Pony Empires Complete
Published: 2013/03/30
Channel: Carbon Maestro
Soy Luna - Résumé des épisodes 11 à 15
Soy Luna - Résumé des épisodes 11 à 15
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: Disney Channel FR
soy luna 1x15   luna y matteo magyarul part2
soy luna 1x15 luna y matteo magyarul part2
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: Laura Bancsok
Pokemon Sol y Luna Randomlocke Ep.15 - NIDOKING DOMINANTE , MARSHADOW y TERRAKION SALVAJES WTF
Pokemon Sol y Luna Randomlocke Ep.15 - NIDOKING DOMINANTE , MARSHADOW y TERRAKION SALVAJES WTF
Published: 2016/12/26
Channel: MrGaryGaming
LÍcia Luna 15 Anos -  A Dança
LÍcia Luna 15 Anos - A Dança
Published: 2017/04/24
Channel: Edmilson Produções
15 CURIOSIDADES DE POKÉMON SOL Y LUNA
15 CURIOSIDADES DE POKÉMON SOL Y LUNA
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: Degradé
Karol Sevilla I #10CancionesKarol #QueSePareElMundo
Karol Sevilla I #10CancionesKarol #QueSePareElMundo
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: Karol Sevilla
Pokemon Luna ITA [Parte 15 - Fattoria Ohana]
Pokemon Luna ITA [Parte 15 - Fattoria Ohana]
Published: 2016/11/27
Channel: Poketonx
Final Concierto "Soy Luna" en Movistar Arena. 15 de mayo
Final Concierto "Soy Luna" en Movistar Arena. 15 de mayo
Published: 2016/05/18
Channel: Camila Carlevarino
Heneral Luna Higlights 15
Heneral Luna Higlights 15
Published: 2016/05/14
Channel: anthony amado
Soy Luna - Clip #15 Die Uhrenumstellung bleibt nicht unbemerkt (Folge 79)
Soy Luna - Clip #15 Die Uhrenumstellung bleibt nicht unbemerkt (Folge 79)
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: VidNer123
Soy Luna 15-04-2017
Soy Luna 15-04-2017
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: Ros24ok
SOY LUNA: Los XV años de LUNA! Fiesta SORPRESA! Parte 2
SOY LUNA: Los XV años de LUNA! Fiesta SORPRESA! Parte 2
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: Juguetes Fantásticos !
15 COSE DA SAPERE PRIMA DI INIZIARE POKEMON SOLE LUNA
15 COSE DA SAPERE PRIMA DI INIZIARE POKEMON SOLE LUNA
Published: 2016/11/22
Channel: Giorgio Cappello Di Paglia
MorphyRichards Luna 15 in 1 Steam Mop Demo
MorphyRichards Luna 15 in 1 Steam Mop Demo
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: Tom Briggs
Estupido y Sensual Ash!!! POKEMON SOL Y LUNA CAPÍTULO 15 Preview
Estupido y Sensual Ash!!! POKEMON SOL Y LUNA CAPÍTULO 15 Preview
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: Dranzzer
Eclipse total de Luna. 15 de junio de 2011.
Eclipse total de Luna. 15 de junio de 2011.
Published: 2011/05/09
Channel: AstroAficion
FINAL FANTASY XV - Lady Lunafreya / Luna Speech Scene
FINAL FANTASY XV - Lady Lunafreya / Luna Speech Scene
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: Generic Gaming
Concierto Soy Luna Abril 2017 Movistar Arena Chile (15)
Concierto Soy Luna Abril 2017 Movistar Arena Chile (15)
Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: Evelyn Mura
WoM2 Luna#15 "FACEM BASILISK SI DAM AQUA LA +9"
WoM2 Luna#15 "FACEM BASILISK SI DAM AQUA LA +9"
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Dimo Low
POKÉMON LUNA - Explorando Ula-Ula con Lycanroc y Raichu Alola!! EP 15
POKÉMON LUNA - Explorando Ula-Ula con Lycanroc y Raichu Alola!! EP 15
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: KNekroGamer
Final Fantasy XV OST - LUNA Extended
Final Fantasy XV OST - LUNA Extended
Published: 2016/10/10
Channel: Edwguard Flows
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Luna 15
Luna-16.jpg
Luna 15
Mission type Lunar sample return
COSPAR ID 1969-058A
SATCAT no. 4036
Mission duration 8 days achieved
Spacecraft properties
Bus Ye-8-5
Manufacturer GSMZ Lavochkin
Launch mass 5,600 kg (12,300 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 13 July 1969, 02:54:42 (1969-07-13UTC02:54:42Z) UTC
Rocket Proton-K/D
Launch site Baikonur 81/24
End of mission
Destroyed 21 July 1969, 15:51 (1969-07-21UTC15:52Z) UTC
Orbital parameters
Reference system Selenocentric
Lunar orbiter
Orbital insertion 17 July 1969, 10:00 UTC
Lunar impact (failed landing)
Impact date 21 July 1969, 15:51 UTC
Impact site 17°N 60°E / 17°N 60°E / 17; 60[1]
Instruments
  • Stereo imaging system
  • Remote arm for sample collection
  • Radiation detector

Luna 15 was an unmanned space mission of the Soviet Luna programme.

On 21 July 1969, while Apollo 11 astronauts finished the first human moonwalk, Luna 15, an unmanned Soviet spacecraft in lunar orbit at the time, began its descent to the lunar surface. Launched three days before the Apollo 11 mission, it was the second Soviet attempt to return lunar soil back to Earth with a goal to outstrip the US in sample return under Moon race. The Soviet craft crashed into the Moon at 15:50 UT, hours before the scheduled American lift off from the Moon.[2]

Mission[edit]

Luna 15 was capable of studying circumlunar space, the lunar gravitational field, and the chemical composition of lunar rocks. It was also capable of providing lunar surface photography. Luna 15 was placed in an intermediate Earth orbit after launch and was then sent toward the Moon. After a mid-course correction the day after launch, Luna 15 entered lunar orbit at 10:00 UT on 17 July 1969. The spacecraft remained in lunar orbit for two days while controllers checked all on-board systems and performed two orbital manoeuvres.

After completing 86 communications sessions and 52 orbits of the Moon at various inclinations and altitudes, it began its descent. Astronauts Armstrong and Aldrin had already set foot on the Moon when Luna 15 fired its main retrorocket engine to initiate descent to the surface at 15:47 UT on 21 July 1969. Transmissions ceased four minutes after de-orbit, at a calculated altitude of 3 kilometres (1.9 mi). The spacecraft had probably crashed into the side of a mountain. Impact coordinates were 17° north latitude and 60° east longitude, in Mare Crisium.[1]

An audio recording of the minutes in which British technicians at the radio telescope facility in Jodrell Bank observed Luna 15's descent was first made available to the public on 3 July 2009.[3]

Implications[edit]

In a race to reach the Moon and return to Earth, the parallel missions of Luna 15 and Apollo 11 represented, in many ways, the culmination of the Space Race between the space programs of both the United States and the Soviet Union in the 1960s.[citation needed] The simultaneous missions became one of the first instances of Soviet–American space cooperation: the USSR released Luna 15's flight plan to ensure it would not collide with Apollo 11, though its exact mission was unknown.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Luna 15". NASA: Solar System Exploration: Missions to the Moon. Archived from the original on 2015-06-21. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  2. ^ "Russian spacecraft landed on Moon hours before Americans". telegraph.co.uk. 4 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  3. ^ a b "Recording tracks Russia's Moon gatecrash attempt". 3 July 2009. 

External links[edit]

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