1
Luna 15 and Apollo 11 - It Happened in Space
Luna 15 and Apollo 11 - It Happened in Space
DATE: 2013/07/19::
2
Jodrell Bank Lovell Telescope records Luna 15 crash
Jodrell Bank Lovell Telescope records Luna 15 crash
DATE: 2011/04/07::
3
LA NUEVA LUNA 15 AÑOS CD COMPLETO 2
LA NUEVA LUNA 15 AÑOS CD COMPLETO 2
DATE: 2014/01/22::
4
Eva Luna 15
Eva Luna 15
DATE: 2013/01/19::
5
LA NUEVA LUNA 15 AÑOS CD 1 COMPLETO
LA NUEVA LUNA 15 AÑOS CD 1 COMPLETO
DATE: 2014/02/02::
6
Cultura Profética - 15 aniversario en el Luna Park (2011) [Concierto Completo]
Cultura Profética - 15 aniversario en el Luna Park (2011) [Concierto Completo]
DATE: 2013/10/20::
7
La Nueva Luna - Enganchados (15 Años)
La Nueva Luna - Enganchados (15 Años)
DATE: 2012/10/28::
8
Farel Rachel Luna 15-3
Farel Rachel Luna 15-3
DATE: 2013/03/23::
9
LA NUEVA LUNA 15 AÑOS CD COMPLETO 1
LA NUEVA LUNA 15 AÑOS CD COMPLETO 1
DATE: 2014/01/23::
10
Farel Rachel Luna 15-1
Farel Rachel Luna 15-1
DATE: 2013/03/23::
11
Sheryfa Luna - SINGLE INEDIT "A 15 ANS"
Sheryfa Luna - SINGLE INEDIT "A 15 ANS"
DATE: 2013/02/26::
12
Eclipse total de Luna. 15 de junio de 2011.
Eclipse total de Luna. 15 de junio de 2011.
DATE: 2011/05/09::
13
Pia Luna - 15 Años - Denver Producciones - 03876 15668778
Pia Luna - 15 Años - Denver Producciones - 03876 15668778
DATE: 2015/05/16::
14
La nueva luna 15/9 Luna Park "La noche sin ti"
La nueva luna 15/9 Luna Park "La noche sin ti"
DATE: 2012/09/16::
15
Cartas Amarillas - La Nueva Luna || 15 Años || [Diciembre 2011]
Cartas Amarillas - La Nueva Luna || 15 Años || [Diciembre 2011]
DATE: 2011/12/16::
16
Exteriores de 15 Luna - Summer Forever / Megan Nicole
Exteriores de 15 Luna - Summer Forever / Megan Nicole
DATE: 2015/04/06::
17
El Despertar de Nuestra Luna 15/06/2013
El Despertar de Nuestra Luna 15/06/2013
DATE: 2013/07/01::
18
Cash luna |El Poder de la Oración Jan 15,2015| Cash luna Sermons 2015
Cash luna |El Poder de la Oración Jan 15,2015| Cash luna Sermons 2015
DATE: 2015/01/14::
19
Giant Schnauzer "Luna" 15 weeks puppy obedience
Giant Schnauzer "Luna" 15 weeks puppy obedience
DATE: 2015/06/23::
20
Eva Luna - Capitulo 15 Part 1.avi
Eva Luna - Capitulo 15 Part 1.avi
DATE: 2011/12/04::
21
VERDADERO O FALSO - SILVINA LUNA - 13-03-15
VERDADERO O FALSO - SILVINA LUNA - 13-03-15
DATE: 2015/03/13::
22
Eclipse de Luna / 15 de Abril de 2014. (moon eclipse 2014).
Eclipse de Luna / 15 de Abril de 2014. (moon eclipse 2014).
DATE: 2014/04/15::
23
Eclissi di luna 15-06-2011 - Mattia Valsania
Eclissi di luna 15-06-2011 - Mattia Valsania
DATE: 2011/06/15::
24
Cruzada de Milagros Noches de Gloria 15 (Cash Luna)
Cruzada de Milagros Noches de Gloria 15 (Cash Luna)
DATE: 2012/09/06::
25
Luna,La Heredera cap.15
Luna,La Heredera cap.15
DATE: 2014/06/13::
26
Eclipse total de Luna 15 de junio de 2011
Eclipse total de Luna 15 de junio de 2011
DATE: 2011/06/15::
27
Calle Luna, Calle Sol | Episodio 15 | Monica Spear Manuel Sosa
Calle Luna, Calle Sol | Episodio 15 | Monica Spear Manuel Sosa
DATE: 2014/07/10::
28
en vivo eclipse de luna 15 abril 2014 HD | in live
en vivo eclipse de luna 15 abril 2014 HD | in live
DATE: 2014/04/15::
29
Eclipse Total de Luna.... (15-04-14)
Eclipse Total de Luna.... (15-04-14)
DATE: 2014/04/15::
30
Apollo 15: Galileo sulla Luna: Caduta di un Martello ed una Piuma
Apollo 15: Galileo sulla Luna: Caduta di un Martello ed una Piuma
DATE: 2011/11/05::
31
ANTONIO LUNA -15 05 10-
ANTONIO LUNA -15 05 10-
DATE: 2010/05/16::
32
Cultura Profética Luna Park 15 Aniversario Parte 1.wmv
Cultura Profética Luna Park 15 Aniversario Parte 1.wmv
DATE: 2012/06/03::
33
VIDEODAYS
VIDEODAYS'15 BERLIN | Luna Darko & DAT ADAM
DATE: 2015/05/03::
34
Con La Misma Piedra - La Nueva Luna || 15 Años || [Diciembre 2011]
Con La Misma Piedra - La Nueva Luna || 15 Años || [Diciembre 2011]
DATE: 2011/12/16::
35
Las Noticias del Cielo - El clima con Gaby Luna (15 Ene 2015)
Las Noticias del Cielo - El clima con Gaby Luna (15 Ene 2015)
DATE: 2015/01/15::
36
Eclipse Luna  15 junio 2011 - simulación -
Eclipse Luna 15 junio 2011 - simulación -
DATE: 2011/06/12::
37
Abre Los Ojos - Petit Miribel Promotora del Colegio "Sol y Luna" 15/04/2013
Abre Los Ojos - Petit Miribel Promotora del Colegio "Sol y Luna" 15/04/2013
DATE: 2013/04/15::
38
Eclipse total de luna 15 de Abril del 2014
Eclipse total de luna 15 de Abril del 2014
DATE: 2014/04/15::
39
Nicolás Demario VS Ezequiel Luna 15-07-12 FAB
Nicolás Demario VS Ezequiel Luna 15-07-12 FAB
DATE: 2012/07/16::
40
Eclipse de luna 15 abril 2014, Oaxaca, Oax. Mx
Eclipse de luna 15 abril 2014, Oaxaca, Oax. Mx
DATE: 2014/04/15::
41
Siglo xx -  El chante luna ( 15 super exitos )
Siglo xx - El chante luna ( 15 super exitos )
DATE: 2013/12/20::
42
Lo que Nos espera despues del eclipse de luna 15 abril 2014
Lo que Nos espera despues del eclipse de luna 15 abril 2014
DATE: 2014/04/13::
43
Resumen del Eclipse total de Luna 15 jun 2011
Resumen del Eclipse total de Luna 15 jun 2011
DATE: 2011/06/15::
44
El Noticioso: "10" con Álamo Pérez "En la Luna" 15-02
El Noticioso: "10" con Álamo Pérez "En la Luna" 15-02
DATE: 2012/02/17::
45
ELCLIPSE DE LUNA 15 DE ABRIL DE 2014 VISTO DESDE RIOBLANCO SOTARA
ELCLIPSE DE LUNA 15 DE ABRIL DE 2014 VISTO DESDE RIOBLANCO SOTARA
DATE: 2014/04/15::
46
Eclipse Total de luna 15 DE ABRIL 2014
Eclipse Total de luna 15 DE ABRIL 2014
DATE: 2014/04/16::
47
Total Lunar Eclipse 15 June 2011 - Eclipse Total de Luna 15 Junio 2011
Total Lunar Eclipse 15 June 2011 - Eclipse Total de Luna 15 Junio 2011
DATE: 2011/06/16::
48
Dr. Sabino Antonio Luna 15/10/2011 Bloque 1 A Puertas Abiertas
Dr. Sabino Antonio Luna 15/10/2011 Bloque 1 A Puertas Abiertas
DATE: 2011/10/15::
49
CHINA LLEGA A LA LUNA, 15 dic. 2013
CHINA LLEGA A LA LUNA, 15 dic. 2013
DATE: 2013/12/17::
50
Palermo Viejo, la mañana.Flores la noche. Luna.15 de Enero 2014.CABA imagenes huGooMARViggiano
Palermo Viejo, la mañana.Flores la noche. Luna.15 de Enero 2014.CABA imagenes huGooMARViggiano
DATE: 2014/01/15::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Luna 15
Luna-16.jpg
Luna 15
Mission type Lunar sample return
COSPAR ID 1969-058A
SATCAT № 4036
Mission duration 8 days achieved
Spacecraft properties
Bus Ye-8-5
Manufacturer GSMZ Lavochkin
Launch mass 5,600 kg (12,300 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 13 July 1969, 02:54:42 (1969-07-13UTC02:54:42Z) UTC
Rocket Proton-K/D
Launch site Baikonur 81/24
End of mission
Destroyed 21 July 1969, 15:51 (1969-07-21UTC15:52Z) UTC
Orbital parameters
Reference system Selenocentric
Lunar orbiter
Orbital insertion 17 July 1969, 10:00 UTC
Lunar impact (failed landing)
Impact date 21 July 1969, 15:51 UTC
Impact site 17°N 60°E / 17°N 60°E / 17; 60[1]
Instruments
  • Stereo imaging system
  • Remote arm for sample collection
  • Radiation detector

Luna 15 was an unmanned space mission of the Soviet Luna programme.

On 21 July 1969, while Apollo 11 astronauts finished the first human moonwalk, Luna 15, an unmanned Soviet spacecraft in lunar orbit at the time, began its descent to the lunar surface. Launched three days before the Apollo 11 mission, it was the third Soviet attempt to return lunar soil back to Earth. The Russian craft crashed into the Moon at 15:50 UT, hours before the scheduled American lift off from the Moon.[2]

Mission[edit]

Luna 15 was capable of studying circumlunar space, the lunar gravitational field, and the chemical composition of lunar rocks. It was also capable of providing lunar surface photography. Luna 15 was placed in an intermediate Earth orbit after launch and was then sent toward the Moon. After a mid-course correction the day after launch, Luna 15 entered lunar orbit at 10:00 UT on 17 July 1969. The spacecraft remained in lunar orbit for two days while controllers checked all on-board systems and performed two orbital manoeuvres.

After completing 86 communications sessions and 52 orbits of the Moon at various inclinations and altitudes, it began its descent. Astronauts Armstrong and Aldrin had already set foot on the Moon when Luna 15 fired its main retrorocket engine to initiate descent to the surface at 15:47 UT on 21 July 1969. Transmissions ceased four minutes after de-orbit, at a calculated altitude of three kilometres. The spacecraft had probably crashed into the side of a mountain. Impact coordinates were 17° north latitude and 60° east longitude, in Mare Crisium[1].

An audio recording of the minutes in which British technicians at the radio telescope facility in Jodrell Bank observed Luna 15's descent was first made available to the public on 3 July 2009.[3]

Implications[edit]

In a race to reach the Moon and return to Earth, the parallel missions of Luna 15 and Apollo 11 represented, in many ways, the culmination of the Space Race between the space programs of both the United States and the Soviet Union in the 1960s.[citation needed] The simultaneous missions became one of the first instances of Soviet–American space cooperation: the USSR released Luna 15's flight plan to ensure it would not collide with Apollo 11, though its exact mission was unknown.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Luna 15". NASA: Solar System Exploration: Missions to the Moon. Archived from the original on 2015-06-22. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  2. ^ "Russian spacecraft landed on Moon hours before Americans". telegraph.co.uk. 4 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  3. ^ a b Recording tracks Russia's Moon gatecrash attempt

External links[edit]

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