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Jodrell Bank Lovell Telescope records Luna 15 crash
Jodrell Bank Lovell Telescope records Luna 15 crash
Published: 2011/04/07
Channel: gamefreakjd
Luna 15 and Apollo 11 - It Happened in Space
Luna 15 and Apollo 11 - It Happened in Space
Published: 2013/07/19
Channel: Scientific American Space Lab
Luna 15 over Eagle (Apollo 11)
Luna 15 over Eagle (Apollo 11)
Published: 2007/05/09
Channel: festspielhaus
Capítulo 15 (Parte 5) | Mejores Escenas | Soy Luna
Capítulo 15 (Parte 5) | Mejores Escenas | Soy Luna
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: Disney Channel LA
Luna 15 over Eagle Apollo 11
Luna 15 over Eagle Apollo 11
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: SOVIET SPACE PROGRAM (Космическая программа СССР)
Capítulo 15 (Parte 1) | Mejores Escenas | Soy Luna
Capítulo 15 (Parte 1) | Mejores Escenas | Soy Luna
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: Disney Channel LA
CUMPLE DE LUNA - 15 AÑOS - Dj. Matias Genaro
CUMPLE DE LUNA - 15 AÑOS - Dj. Matias Genaro
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: Matías Genaro Santos
Karol Sevilla I 15 Fotos Sobre Mí I #15FotosSobreMí
Karol Sevilla I 15 Fotos Sobre Mí I #15FotosSobreMí
Published: 2016/03/03
Channel: Karol Sevilla
Capítulo 15 (Parte 2) | Mejores Escenas | Soy Luna
Capítulo 15 (Parte 2) | Mejores Escenas | Soy Luna
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: Disney Channel LA
Las 15  canciones mas vistas || Soy Luna
Las 15 canciones mas vistas || Soy Luna
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Camila SL
xv años hijo de la luna ale y matanzas cuba
xv años hijo de la luna ale y matanzas cuba
Published: 2011/11/11
Channel: Mirii Alee
La Luna Sangre February 15, 2018 Teaser
La Luna Sangre February 15, 2018 Teaser
Published: 2018/02/14
Channel: ABS-CBN Entertainment
Jesús a las escondidas - Juan Diego Luna - 15 Enero 2018 | Prédicas Cristianas 2018
Jesús a las escondidas - Juan Diego Luna - 15 Enero 2018 | Prédicas Cristianas 2018
Published: 2018/02/22
Channel: El Lugar de Su Presencia
I Got Arrested at 15 Years Old..
I Got Arrested at 15 Years Old..
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: Luna
Highlights-Ciera Luna 15 años
Highlights-Ciera Luna 15 años
Published: 2016/02/22
Channel: ProStudios Image
La Nueva Luna - 15 Años (2012)  - CD 1 Completo
La Nueva Luna - 15 Años (2012) - CD 1 Completo
Published: 2013/12/29
Channel: Agus Cabj96
La Nueva Luna - 15 Años (2012) - CD 2 Completo
La Nueva Luna - 15 Años (2012) - CD 2 Completo
Published: 2013/12/29
Channel: Agus Cabj96
Vestidos de 15 años de karol sevilla
Vestidos de 15 años de karol sevilla
Published: 2017/01/27
Channel: Anais Carolina Velarde Ramirez
POKEMON LUNA - EPISODIO 15 | COMBATE CONTRA KAUDAN, KAHUNA DE MELEMELE | GUÍA EN ESPAÑOL
POKEMON LUNA - EPISODIO 15 | COMBATE CONTRA KAUDAN, KAHUNA DE MELEMELE | GUÍA EN ESPAÑOL
Published: 2016/11/18
Channel: Manucraft
YANDERE Y LA NUEVA PANDILLA | Miitopia #15
YANDERE Y LA NUEVA PANDILLA | Miitopia #15
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: LunaDangelis
15 FEBRERO 2018 LUNA NUEVA
15 FEBRERO 2018 LUNA NUEVA
Published: 2018/01/18
Channel: EVENTOS ASTRONÓMICOS
EL PODEROSO ECLIPSE PARCIAL DEL 15 DE FEBRERO.
EL PODEROSO ECLIPSE PARCIAL DEL 15 DE FEBRERO.
Published: 2018/02/07
Channel: Dale Reset
SUPER astro LUNA 15/02/2018
SUPER astro LUNA 15/02/2018
Published: 2018/02/16
Channel: SUPER astro
Jacob y Renesmee / Reflejo de Luna/PARTE 15
Jacob y Renesmee / Reflejo de Luna/PARTE 15
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: Tina Silva
Las mejores canciones de soy luna || especial 7000 suscriptores
Las mejores canciones de soy luna || especial 7000 suscriptores
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: Camila SL
15 ENERO 2018 LA LUNA EN EL APOGEO
15 ENERO 2018 LA LUNA EN EL APOGEO
Published: 2017/12/24
Channel: EVENTOS ASTRONÓMICOS
Heneral Luna Higlights 15
Heneral Luna Higlights 15
Published: 2016/05/14
Channel: anthony amado
Jocelyn Luna 15th Highlights
Jocelyn Luna 15th Highlights
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: Jaime Hernandez
Día de medios; Mario de Luna, 15 de Febrero de 2018
Día de medios; Mario de Luna, 15 de Febrero de 2018
Published: 2018/02/17
Channel: Club Necaxa
Karol Sevilla y sus vestidos
Karol Sevilla y sus vestidos
Published: 2016/05/31
Channel: Ashley Mazara
LÍcia Luna 15 Anos -  A Dança
LÍcia Luna 15 Anos - A Dança
Published: 2017/04/24
Channel: Edmilson Produções
Soy Luna 2 - Escena #15 (Capítulo 17)
Soy Luna 2 - Escena #15 (Capítulo 17)
Published: 2017/05/10
Channel: Leticia Farias
ABRINDO BRINQUEDOS NOVOS MIRACULOUS LADYBUG E O SHOW DA LUNA
ABRINDO BRINQUEDOS NOVOS MIRACULOUS LADYBUG E O SHOW DA LUNA
Published: 2018/02/15
Channel: Luccas Neto
Pokémon Luna #15 - ¡Bienvenidos al Battle Royale!
Pokémon Luna #15 - ¡Bienvenidos al Battle Royale!
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: LyraGamer
Meus 15 Anos | Versão Sou Luna
Meus 15 Anos | Versão Sou Luna
Published: 2017/09/20
Channel: RAFAEl_YouTube
Soy Luna 2 - Escena #15 (Capítulo 25)
Soy Luna 2 - Escena #15 (Capítulo 25)
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: Leticia Farias
Resumen del Eclipse total de Luna 15 jun 2011
Resumen del Eclipse total de Luna 15 jun 2011
Published: 2011/06/15
Channel: Byron Romero EC
Soy Luna 2 - Escena #15 (Capítulo 50)
Soy Luna 2 - Escena #15 (Capítulo 50)
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: Leticia Farias
Detrás De Camara Sesión de Fotos:
Detrás De Camara Sesión de Fotos: ''Luna 15 Años'' [JD INC FOTOGRAFÍA]
Published: 2016/05/30
Channel: JD INC
15 NOVIEMBRE 2017 CONJUNCIÓN DE LA LUNA Y MARTE
15 NOVIEMBRE 2017 CONJUNCIÓN DE LA LUNA Y MARTE
Published: 2017/10/10
Channel: EVENTOS ASTRONÓMICOS
Pr. Cash Luna | Jueves, 15 de febrero de 201
Pr. Cash Luna | Jueves, 15 de febrero de 201
Published: 2018/02/15
Channel: Pr.CashLuna
Eclipse total de Luna. 15 de junio de 2011.
Eclipse total de Luna. 15 de junio de 2011.
Published: 2011/05/09
Channel: AstroAficion
Videoclip 15 años - Luna
Videoclip 15 años - Luna
Published: 2015/10/25
Channel: Luna San Martín
Si te ries pierdes. soy luna parte 15
Si te ries pierdes. soy luna parte 15
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: carlike 7
M
M'era Luna 2015 | Aftermovie (official)
Published: 2015/08/27
Channel: M'era Luna
Soy Luna 2 - Escena #15 (Capítulo 22)
Soy Luna 2 - Escena #15 (Capítulo 22)
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: Leticia Farias
LOS 15 AÑOS DE JALINE LUNA
LOS 15 AÑOS DE JALINE LUNA
Published: 2016/07/04
Channel: SANTOS FILMS
XV Años de Mayrel Zavala Luna 15 de Diciembre 2009 Bocas SLP Foto Estudio Melody 01 444 818 07 10 SLP oscar79slp@hotmail com fotomelody@hotmail com FOTO Y VIDEO DIGITAL
XV Años de Mayrel Zavala Luna 15 de Diciembre 2009 Bocas SLP Foto Estudio Melody 01 444 818 07 10 SLP oscar79slp@hotmail com fotomelody@hotmail com FOTO Y VIDEO DIGITAL
Published: 2009/12/31
Channel: Oscar Producciónes
Soy Luna 2 - Escena #15 (Capítulo 15)
Soy Luna 2 - Escena #15 (Capítulo 15)
Published: 2017/05/07
Channel: Leticia Farias
ISLA DE LA LUNA                     15   ENE   15
ISLA DE LA LUNA 15 ENE 15
Published: 2015/04/01
Channel: Ylse Veronica Bakovic Perales
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Luna 15
Luna-16.jpg
Luna 15
Mission type Lunar sample return
COSPAR ID 1969-058A
SATCAT no. 4036
Mission duration 8 days achieved
Spacecraft properties
Bus Ye-8-5
Manufacturer GSMZ Lavochkin
Launch mass 5,600 kg (12,300 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 13 July 1969, 02:54:42 (1969-07-13UTC02:54:42Z) UTC
Rocket Proton-K/D
Launch site Baikonur 81/24
End of mission
Destroyed 21 July 1969, 15:51 (1969-07-21UTC15:52Z) UTC
Orbital parameters
Reference system Selenocentric
Lunar orbiter
Orbital insertion 17 July 1969, 10:00 UTC
Lunar impact (failed landing)
Impact date 21 July 1969, 15:51 UTC
Impact site 17°N 60°E / 17°N 60°E / 17; 60[1]
Instruments
  • Stereo imaging system
  • Remote arm for sample collection
  • Radiation detector

Luna 15 was an unmanned space mission of the Soviet Luna programme.

On 21 July 1969, while Apollo 11 astronauts finished the first human moonwalk, Luna 15, an unmanned Soviet spacecraft in lunar orbit at the time, began its descent to the lunar surface. Launched three days before the Apollo 11 mission, it was the second Soviet attempt to return lunar soil back to Earth with a goal to outstrip the US in sample return under Moon race. The Soviet craft crashed into the Moon at 15:50 UT, hours before the scheduled American lift off from the Moon.[2]

Mission[edit]

Luna 15 was capable of studying circumlunar space, the lunar gravitational field, and the chemical composition of lunar rocks. It was also capable of providing lunar surface photography. Luna 15 was placed in an intermediate Earth orbit after launch and was then sent toward the Moon. After a mid-course correction the day after launch, Luna 15 entered lunar orbit at 10:00 UT on 17 July 1969. The spacecraft remained in lunar orbit for two days while controllers checked all on-board systems and performed two orbital manoeuvres.

After completing 86 communications sessions and 52 orbits of the Moon at various inclinations and altitudes, it began its descent. Astronauts Armstrong and Aldrin had already set foot on the Moon when Luna 15 fired its main retrorocket engine to initiate descent to the surface at 15:47 UT on 21 July 1969. Transmissions ceased four minutes after de-orbit, at a calculated altitude of 3 kilometres (1.9 mi). The spacecraft had probably crashed into the side of a mountain. Impact coordinates were 17° north latitude and 60° east longitude, in Mare Crisium.[1]

An audio recording of the minutes in which British technicians at the radio telescope facility in Jodrell Bank observed Luna 15's descent was first made available to the public on 3 July 2009.[3]

Implications[edit]

In a race to reach the Moon and return to Earth, the parallel missions of Luna 15 and Apollo 11 represented, in many ways, the culmination of the Space Race between the space programs of both the United States and the Soviet Union in the 1960s.[citation needed] The simultaneous missions became one of the first instances of Soviet–American space cooperation: the USSR released Luna 15's flight plan to ensure it would not collide with Apollo 11, though its exact mission was unknown.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Luna 15". NASA: Solar System Exploration: Missions to the Moon. Archived from the original on 2015-06-21. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  2. ^ "Russian spacecraft landed on Moon hours before Americans". telegraph.co.uk. 4 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  3. ^ a b "Recording tracks Russia's Moon gatecrash attempt". 3 July 2009. 

External links[edit]

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