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BALLISTIC MISSILE M115 -U.S (HUGE EXPLOSION)
BALLISTIC MISSILE M115 -U.S (HUGE EXPLOSION)
Published: 2008/11/19
Channel: zawan607
Plastic Explosives:  M118 Demolition Charge  (FLEX-X)  1966 US Army
Plastic Explosives: M118 Demolition Charge (FLEX-X) 1966 US Army
Published: 2013/12/11
Channel: Jeff Quitney
WW2 Color B-26 Marauders Over Germany
WW2 Color B-26 Marauders Over Germany
Published: 2016/12/19
Channel: airailimages
9 1 12八吋榴彈砲及八吋榴彈砲反擊
9 1 12八吋榴彈砲及八吋榴彈砲反擊
Published: 2010/04/05
Channel: tiunnchii
The U.S. Heavy Guns of the Vietnam War (720p)
The U.S. Heavy Guns of the Vietnam War (720p)
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: DOCUMENTARY TUBE
What is E77 BALLOON BOMB? What does E77 BALLOON BOMB mean? E77 BALLOON BOMB meaning & explanation
What is E77 BALLOON BOMB? What does E77 BALLOON BOMB mean? E77 BALLOON BOMB meaning & explanation
Published: 2017/09/02
Channel: The Audiopedia
2S7 Pion firing
2S7 Pion firing
Published: 2010/08/29
Channel: frosty393
Little John 318mm Rocket MGR-3A (M51) 1965 US Army; Weapons of the Field Artillery
Little John 318mm Rocket MGR-3A (M51) 1965 US Army; Weapons of the Field Artillery
Published: 2017/01/27
Channel: Jeff Quitney
US Marines fire howitzer at Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima during World War II, Carr...HD Stock Footage
US Marines fire howitzer at Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima during World War II, Carr...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/05/19
Channel: CriticalPast
MGR-1B Honest John 762mm Rocket (M50) from "Weapons of the Field Artillery" 1965 US Army
MGR-1B Honest John 762mm Rocket (M50) from "Weapons of the Field Artillery" 1965 US Army
Published: 2012/03/04
Channel: Jeff Quitney
8-Inch Howitzer M110, Self Propelled 1965 US Army; Weapons of the Field Artillery
8-Inch Howitzer M110, Self Propelled 1965 US Army; Weapons of the Field Artillery
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: Jeff Quitney
North Korean ICBM Explosion Footage
North Korean ICBM Explosion Footage
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: sushiboots
M110 8-inch Howitzer & T-236 Chassis (used on M107, M578) R & D Progress Report 1 1960 US Army
M110 8-inch Howitzer & T-236 Chassis (used on M107, M578) R & D Progress Report 1 1960 US Army
Published: 2012/03/07
Channel: Jeff Quitney
2013-01-15 Video of Second Missile Impact During Airstrikes on Aleppo University by Assad in Syria
2013-01-15 Video of Second Missile Impact During Airstrikes on Aleppo University by Assad in Syria
Published: 2013/01/23
Channel: Mr Ghostly
Q.News: Rif Dimashq: huge explosion caused by a barrel bomb in Muadamyat Al-Sham city 16-1-2016
Q.News: Rif Dimashq: huge explosion caused by a barrel bomb in Muadamyat Al-Sham city 16-1-2016
Published: 2016/01/16
Channel: Qasioun News Agency
Mark 7 "Thor" atomic bomb #1
Mark 7 "Thor" atomic bomb #1
Published: 2016/02/23
Channel: John Strangelove
WORLD WAR II WAR FILM 19  FIREPOWER DOCUMENTARY  " HOW GOOD IS A GUN? " 25514
WORLD WAR II WAR FILM 19 FIREPOWER DOCUMENTARY " HOW GOOD IS A GUN? " 25514
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
Powerful nuclear bomb exploding !!!
Powerful nuclear bomb exploding !!!
Published: 2011/07/09
Channel: Musharaf Khan
Убойный воблер AXA-80 от Apia/Spartas X IMA.На барракуду.А у нас - на жереха.Asp Fishing.
Убойный воблер AXA-80 от Apia/Spartas X IMA.На барракуду.А у нас - на жереха.Asp Fishing.
Published: 2017/09/22
Channel: Валерий Жильцов
M110 8-inch Howitzer & T-236 Chassis (used on M107 & M578) 1960 US Army; R&D Progress Report 1
M110 8-inch Howitzer & T-236 Chassis (used on M107 & M578) 1960 US Army; R&D Progress Report 1
Published: 2018/01/10
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Mark 7 "Thor" atomic bomb #2.
Mark 7 "Thor" atomic bomb #2.
Published: 2016/02/23
Channel: John Strangelove
Paladins con 2 retrasados
Paladins con 2 retrasados
Published: 2016/12/31
Channel: M115
Desert Rock VII: "Atomic Battlefield" ~ 1957 US Army; Op. Plumbbob, Smokey Shot; Big Picture TV-396
Desert Rock VII: "Atomic Battlefield" ~ 1957 US Army; Op. Plumbbob, Smokey Shot; Big Picture TV-396
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: Jeff Quitney
1945 Howitzer "Glamour Gal" at Iwo Jima - 2 of 2
1945 Howitzer "Glamour Gal" at Iwo Jima - 2 of 2
Published: 2007/06/30
Channel: UnknownWW2InColor
The Great War - Spasm of the Guns
The Great War - Spasm of the Guns
Published: 2010/12/05
Channel: Koetoezov
Sortie W: Twelve Inch Railway Howitzers
Sortie W: Twelve Inch Railway Howitzers
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
Large explosion hit Syrian army missile base, Israel blamed
Large explosion hit Syrian army missile base, Israel blamed
Published: 2013/11/01
Channel: TomoNews US
Nuclear Weapons: "Stay Safe, Stay Strong" 1960 US Air Force
Nuclear Weapons: "Stay Safe, Stay Strong" 1960 US Air Force
Published: 2012/08/12
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Battlegroup 42: Lancaster bombing
Battlegroup 42: Lancaster bombing
Published: 2006/06/13
Channel: Don Pomelo -_-
155mm Long Tom Gun In Action
155mm Long Tom Gun In Action
Published: 2017/12/28
Channel: Squadron TV
Auto Loading System for Artillery and MBT
Auto Loading System for Artillery and MBT
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: S L
M107 175mm SP Gun
M107 175mm SP Gun
Published: 2008/09/28
Channel: jaglavaksoldier
M110A2 8-inch SP Howitzer
M110A2 8-inch SP Howitzer
Published: 2008/08/27
Channel: jaglavaksoldier
Did you know ...? # PART 2130
Did you know ...? # PART 2130
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Did you know...
8吋榴砲威力震撼!金門28門火砲齊發|三立新聞台
8吋榴砲威力震撼!金門28門火砲齊發|三立新聞台
Published: 2017/12/02
Channel: SETN三立新聞網
HMKL K-0 Wake Minnow 115.Окунь на каждой проводке.
HMKL K-0 Wake Minnow 115.Окунь на каждой проводке.
Published: 2015/11/08
Channel: Валерий Жильцов
Modern Cannon Breech Demo  Watervliet Arsenal Museum
Modern Cannon Breech Demo Watervliet Arsenal Museum
Published: 2009/05/01
Channel: cannonmn
FIRING THE 155mm HOWITZER | WW2 Weapon Documentary
FIRING THE 155mm HOWITZER | WW2 Weapon Documentary
Published: 2014/02/11
Channel: Bright Enlightenment
Did you know ...? # PART 2131
Did you know ...? # PART 2131
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Did you know...
New Holland Turbo pulling at Lycoming County Fair tractor pull
New Holland Turbo pulling at Lycoming County Fair tractor pull
Published: 2009/07/21
Channel: CptpaProductions
Haubica/Howitzer M101A1 cal.105mm
Haubica/Howitzer M101A1 cal.105mm
Published: 2011/05/31
Channel: xoax11
Soviet nuclear artillery at 1957 Soviet Parade
Soviet nuclear artillery at 1957 Soviet Parade
Published: 2016/05/09
Channel: Chinese military
1944 US Heavy Artillery in a French Field
1944 US Heavy Artillery in a French Field
Published: 2008/09/14
Channel: UnknownWW2InColor
TV kalendar 11.09.2016. (Solunski front - WWI., srbi napali ZD zaleđe, Ivan Balog, Nikita Hruščov)
TV kalendar 11.09.2016. (Solunski front - WWI., srbi napali ZD zaleđe, Ivan Balog, Nikita Hruščov)
Published: 2016/09/24
Channel: Hjezinac 3
Battlegroup42 1.4
Battlegroup42 1.4
Published: 2008/04/24
Channel: BSK1885
Battlegroup 42 Hurricane attack
Battlegroup 42 Hurricane attack
Published: 2006/06/13
Channel: Don Pomelo -_-
BattleGroup42 Mod Teaser Video
BattleGroup42 Mod Teaser Video
Published: 2009/05/23
Channel: KSmitty681
Terrible scene .. The moment of the explosion of Scud missile
Terrible scene .. The moment of the explosion of Scud missile
Published: 2013/05/14
Channel: Hasan Kahlout
Homefront multi-weapon montage
Homefront multi-weapon montage
Published: 2011/03/28
Channel: GranadaDeFumasa
Bunker buster explosion
Bunker buster explosion
Published: 2014/12/29
Channel: Jaylan Gardner
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The M115 anti-crop bomb, also known as the feather bomb or the E73 bomb,[1] was a U.S. biological cluster bomb designed to deliver wheat stem rust.

History[edit]

Mass production of the M115 bomb began in 1953.[2] The weapon was a modified M16A1 cluster bomb, which was normally used to distribute airborne leaflet propaganda or fragmentation weapons.[3] The U.S. Air Force first pointed out the need for an anti-crop weapon in September 1947. In October 1950 the Air Force began procuring 4,800 M115 bombs.[1] By 1954, with the biological agents causing wheat and rye rust standardized in laboratory culture, the U.S. Air Force prepared to transfer the agent to some 4,800 of the M115s.[4] The deployment of the M115 represented the United States' first, though limited, anti-crop biological warfare (BW) capability.[4] Though the weapon was tested at Fort Detrick, in Frederick, Maryland, it was never used in combat.[5]

Specifications[edit]

The M115 was a 500-pound (227 kg) bomb that was converted from a leaflet bomb and to be used to deliver wheat stem rust.[2][6] Wheat stem rust culture consisted of a dry particulate matter which was adhered to a light-weight vector, usually feathers. Because of its method of dissemination, the bomb was commonly referred to as the "feather bomb".[2] The feathers would fall over a wide area when released.[5] The M115 was shown to establish 100,000 foci of infection over a 50-square-mile (130 km2) area.[4]

Tests involving the M115[edit]

According to a 1950 military report the M115 was tested in an area 11 miles (18 km) long and 1.5 miles (2.4 km) wide. The area consisted of 7.5 acres (30,000 m2) plots sown with the Overland variety of oats, susceptible to the test agent, Puccinia graminis avenae, but not to other strains of cereal rust.[3] The test drops of the M115 showed that, from an altitude of 4,000 feet (1,200 m), feathers could be spread over an area of 12 square miles (31 km2). Three M115 feather bombs were dropped 1 mile (1.6 km) upwind from the target area, which was then monitored for any changes. Estimates showed about a 30% reduction in yield from the infected area.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wheelis, Mark, et al. Deadly Cultures: Biological Weapons Since 1945, (Google Books), Harvard University Press, 2006, pp. 217-18, (ISBN 0674016998).
  2. ^ a b c Smart, Jeffery K. Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare: Chapter 2 - History of Chemical and Biological Warfare: An American Perspective, (PDF: p. 51), Borden Institute, Textbooks of Military Medicine, PDF via Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base, accessed November 16, 2008.
  3. ^ a b c Russell, Alan and Vogler, John. The International Politics of Biotechnology: Investigating Global Futures, (Google Books), Manchester University Press, 2000, pp. 173-74, (ISBN 0719058686).
  4. ^ a b c Whitby, Simon M. Biological Warfare Against Crops, (Google Books), Macmillan, 2002, pp. 156-57, (ISBN 0333920856).
  5. ^ Endicott, Stephen and Hagerman, Edward. "United States Biological Warfare during the Korean War: rhetoric and reality" York University, June 2002, accessed November 16, 2008.

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