Play Video
1
BALLISTIC MISSILE M115 -U.S (HUGE EXPLOSION)
BALLISTIC MISSILE M115 -U.S (HUGE EXPLOSION)
::2008/11/18::
Play Video
2
Weapons Of The Field Artillery: M115 howitzer - U.S. Army Educational Film  - S88TV1
Weapons Of The Field Artillery: M115 howitzer - U.S. Army Educational Film - S88TV1
::2013/11/04::
Play Video
3
Battlegroup42 1.42 Preview: M115  8" Howitzer
Battlegroup42 1.42 Preview: M115 8" Howitzer
::2008/06/09::
Play Video
4
M115 203mm Howitzer
M115 203mm Howitzer
::2013/06/22::
Play Video
5
SWBM Test bomb
SWBM Test bomb
::2010/05/14::
Play Video
6
Car Bomb In Pakistan
Car Bomb In Pakistan
::2008/12/24::
Play Video
7
Firing 155mm Howitzer, North Africa: Aftermath of Bombing WWII (1942)
Firing 155mm Howitzer, North Africa: Aftermath of Bombing WWII (1942)
::2012/07/02::
Play Video
8
huge artillery shell bomb
huge artillery shell bomb
::2011/01/01::
Play Video
9
Oregon Ballistic Labs - Bomb Disposal Trailer Test
Oregon Ballistic Labs - Bomb Disposal Trailer Test
::2011/08/30::
Play Video
10
Bomb
Bomb
::2008/12/30::
Play Video
11
Pakistan: Deadly Car Bomb Kills Three
Pakistan: Deadly Car Bomb Kills Three
::2008/04/26::
Play Video
12
Works Bomb Explosion Slow Motion
Works Bomb Explosion Slow Motion
::2008/02/10::
Play Video
13
World
World's Smallest Atomic Bomb Fire Explosion
::2008/08/12::
Play Video
14
Battlegroup 42: Lancaster bombing
Battlegroup 42: Lancaster bombing
::2006/06/12::
Play Video
15
DYING BREEDS - FEATHER BOMBS
DYING BREEDS - FEATHER BOMBS
::2010/04/27::
Play Video
16
Syria Dictator Terror Bombs Kafr Batna Suburb of Damascus With Howitzer Heavy Artillery 8 29 12
Syria Dictator Terror Bombs Kafr Batna Suburb of Damascus With Howitzer Heavy Artillery 8 29 12
::2012/08/29::
Play Video
17
Hor Point Radar Station Hellesveor St Ives
Hor Point Radar Station Hellesveor St Ives
::2012/02/26::
Play Video
18
G&G Combat Machine M4 Rate of Fire
G&G Combat Machine M4 Rate of Fire
::2011/02/22::
Play Video
19
Black Ops Zombies: Pack-A-Punch Glitch - Silver Weapons
Black Ops Zombies: Pack-A-Punch Glitch - Silver Weapons
::2011/08/27::
Play Video
20
Bone Isld G4 Summit Sound Bombs
Bone Isld G4 Summit Sound Bombs
::2010/06/27::
Play Video
21
Leading From Strength - U.S. Missile and Military Might
Leading From Strength - U.S. Missile and Military Might
::2012/04/23::
Play Video
22
Video game making Henry Holloway
Video game making Henry Holloway
::2009/10/01::
Play Video
23
MISSILE IMPACT ON A ROAD AS CIVILLIANS ARE DRIVING ON IT.. UNBELIVABLE
MISSILE IMPACT ON A ROAD AS CIVILLIANS ARE DRIVING ON IT.. UNBELIVABLE
::2013/01/05::
Play Video
24
Overdrive pedal shootout MXR GT-OD Distortion + Luther drive
Overdrive pedal shootout MXR GT-OD Distortion + Luther drive
::2008/05/18::
Play Video
25
M110A2 8-inch SP Howitzer
M110A2 8-inch SP Howitzer
::2008/08/27::
Play Video
26
2013-01-15 Video of Second Missile Impact During Airstrikes on Aleppo University by Assad in Syria
2013-01-15 Video of Second Missile Impact During Airstrikes on Aleppo University by Assad in Syria
::2013/01/22::
Play Video
27
Various weapons of field artillery of United States Army in United States. HD Stock Footage
Various weapons of field artillery of United States Army in United States. HD Stock Footage
::2014/04/18::
Play Video
28
Stalingrad Movie CLIP - Blowing The Fuel Tanks (2014) - Thomas Kretschmann WWII Movie HD
Stalingrad Movie CLIP - Blowing The Fuel Tanks (2014) - Thomas Kretschmann WWII Movie HD
::2014/03/12::
Play Video
29
122-mm self-propelled howitzer, "Carnation"
122-mm self-propelled howitzer, "Carnation"
::2012/11/27::
Play Video
30
M110 8-Inch Howitzer Self-Propelled from "Weapons of the Field Artillery" 1965 US Army
M110 8-Inch Howitzer Self-Propelled from "Weapons of the Field Artillery" 1965 US Army
::2012/03/15::
Play Video
31
IRAN MILITARY SOLID FUEL TACTICAL BALLISTIC MISSILE
IRAN MILITARY SOLID FUEL TACTICAL BALLISTIC MISSILE
::2011/12/30::
Play Video
32
Preview Landing - Tomahawk explosion
Preview Landing - Tomahawk explosion
::2013/11/19::
Play Video
33
Weapons Of The Field Artillery: M114 155 mm howitzer - U.S. Army Educational Film  - S88TV1
Weapons Of The Field Artillery: M114 155 mm howitzer - U.S. Army Educational Film - S88TV1
::2013/11/04::
Play Video
34
No witnesses to this huge explosion 9/11  - Location update
No witnesses to this huge explosion 9/11 - Location update
::2011/05/23::
Play Video
35
M55 8-inch SP Howitzer Improved Conventional Munitions (ICM) Test
M55 8-inch SP Howitzer Improved Conventional Munitions (ICM) Test
::2012/02/05::
Play Video
36
Life Death & Destruction
Life Death & Destruction
::2006/06/19::
Play Video
37
Distorsion III   Sala Sonora   13 12 2013
Distorsion III Sala Sonora 13 12 2013
::2013/12/13::
Play Video
38
The Secret History of Artillery in the Vietnam War, Part 2 of 3
The Secret History of Artillery in the Vietnam War, Part 2 of 3
::2010/09/22::
Play Video
39
The M59 Long Tom Gun at Aberdeen Ordnance Museum
The M59 Long Tom Gun at Aberdeen Ordnance Museum
::2011/06/12::
Play Video
40
I
I'm Alright Cover - Neil Zaza / JerryC by dk2a
::2011/05/21::
Play Video
41
Huge Tactical Nuke Explosion AkA. NUCLEAR MISSILE
Huge Tactical Nuke Explosion AkA. NUCLEAR MISSILE
::2012/07/22::
Play Video
42
US heavy artillery employed in the battle of Monte Cassino, Italy, during WWII HD Stock Footage
US heavy artillery employed in the battle of Monte Cassino, Italy, during WWII HD Stock Footage
::2014/06/16::
Play Video
43
Ballistic Missile & SAC Pt. 2/2 250045-02.mp4
Ballistic Missile & SAC Pt. 2/2 250045-02.mp4
::2011/03/19::
Play Video
44
MXR ZW-44 Overdrive Pedal
MXR ZW-44 Overdrive Pedal
::2010/10/13::
Play Video
45
FSA Mortal Scud Missile Target The SAA
FSA Mortal Scud Missile Target The SAA
::2013/09/07::
Play Video
46
3Xfx FATMAN on guitar and bass
3Xfx FATMAN on guitar and bass
::2011/02/22::
Play Video
47
Scary footage of a SCUD missile impact
Scary footage of a SCUD missile impact
::2014/04/27::
Play Video
48
ثورة سوريا بعد اسقاط النظام- فيديو لحظة وقوع الانفجار في مسجد التقوى في طرابلس الشام 23 8 2013‬
ثورة سوريا بعد اسقاط النظام- فيديو لحظة وقوع الانفجار في مسجد التقوى في طرابلس الشام 23 8 2013‬
::2013/08/24::
Play Video
49
Return of the Chrome Demo
Return of the Chrome Demo
::2009/12/11::
Play Video
50
WTC 7 Evidence of  Huge Explosion before Collapse!
WTC 7 Evidence of Huge Explosion before Collapse!
::2010/09/10::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see M115 (disambiguation).

The M115 anti-crop bomb, also known as the feather bomb or the E73 bomb,[1] was a U.S. biological cluster bomb designed to deliver wheat stem rust.

History[edit]

Mass production of the M115 bomb began in 1953.[2] The weapon was a modified M16A1 cluster bomb, which was normally used to distribute airborne leaflet propaganda or fragmentation weapons.[3] The U.S. Air Force first pointed out the need for an anti-crop weapon in September 1947. In October 1950 the Air Force began procuring 4,800 M115 bombs.[1] By 1954, with the biological agents causing wheat and rye rust standardized in laboratory culture, the U.S. Air Force prepared to transfer the agent to some 4,800 of the M115s.[4] The deployment of the M115 represented the United States' first, though limited, anti-crop biological warfare (BW) capability.[4] Though the weapon was tested at Fort Detrick, in Frederick, Maryland, it was never used in combat.[5]

Specifications[edit]

The M115 was a 500-pound (227 kg) bomb that was converted from a leaflet bomb and to be used to deliver wheat stem rust.[2][6] Wheat stem rust culture consisted of a dry particulate matter which was adhered to a light-weight vector, usually feathers. Because of its method of dissemination, the bomb was commonly referred to as the "feather bomb".[2] The feathers would fall over a wide area when released.[5] The M115 was shown to establish 100,000 foci of infection over a 50-square-mile (130 km2) area.[4]

Tests involving the M115[edit]

According to a 1950 military report the M115 was tested in an area 11 miles (18 km) long and 1.5 miles (2.4 km) wide. The area consisted of 7.5 acres (30,000 m2) plots sown with the Overland variety of oats, susceptible to the test agent, Puccinia graminis avenae, but not to other strains of cereal rust.[3] The test drops of the M115 showed that, from an altitude of 4,000 feet (1,200 m), feathers could be spread over an area of 12 square miles (31 km2). Three M115 feather bombs were dropped 1 mile (1.6 km) upwind from the target area, which was then monitored for any changes. Estimates showed about a 30% reduction in yield from the infected area.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wheelis, Mark, et al. Deadly Cultures: Biological Weapons Since 1945, (Google Books), Harvard University Press, 2006, pp. 217-18, (ISBN 0674016998).
  2. ^ a b c Smart, Jeffery K. Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare: Chapter 2 - History of Chemical and Biological Warfare: An American Perspective, (PDF: p. 51), Borden Institute, Textbooks of Military Medicine, PDF via Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base, accessed November 16, 2008.
  3. ^ a b c Russell, Alan and Vogler, John. The International Politics of Biotechnology: Investigating Global Futures, (Google Books), Manchester University Press, 2000, pp. 173-74, (ISBN 0719058686).
  4. ^ a b c Whitby, Simon M. Biological Warfare Against Crops, (Google Books), Macmillan, 2002, pp. 156-57, (ISBN 0333920856).
  5. ^ Endicott, Stephen and Hagerman, Edward. "United States Biological Warfare during the Korean War: rhetoric and reality" York University, June 2002, accessed November 16, 2008.
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014