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BALLISTIC MISSILE M115 -U.S (HUGE EXPLOSION)
BALLISTIC MISSILE M115 -U.S (HUGE EXPLOSION)
Published: 2008/11/19
Channel: zawan607
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Huge explosion Tennis Bomb
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WW2 Color B-26 Marauders Over Germany
Published: 2016/12/19
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Underwater Missile Explosion!
Published: 2014/01/24
Channel: amazingvideos
MGR-1B Honest John 762mm Rocket (M50) from "Weapons of the Field Artillery" 1965 US Army
MGR-1B Honest John 762mm Rocket (M50) from "Weapons of the Field Artillery" 1965 US Army
Published: 2012/03/04
Channel: Jeff Quitney
M110 8 inch (203 mm) Self-Propelled Howitzer
M110 8 inch (203 mm) Self-Propelled Howitzer
Published: 2009/09/20
Channel: jaglavaksoldier
Plastic Explosives:  M118 Demolition Charge  (FLEX-X)  1966 US Army
Plastic Explosives: M118 Demolition Charge (FLEX-X) 1966 US Army
Published: 2013/12/11
Channel: Jeff Quitney
2S7 Pion firing
2S7 Pion firing
Published: 2010/08/29
Channel: frosty393
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Published: 2017/09/02
Channel: The Audiopedia
Weapons Of The Field Artillery: M115 howitzer - U.S. Army Educational Film  - S88TV1
Weapons Of The Field Artillery: M115 howitzer - U.S. Army Educational Film - S88TV1
Published: 2013/11/04
Channel: Tomorrow Always Comes
WORLD WAR II WAR FILM 19  FIREPOWER DOCUMENTARY  " HOW GOOD IS A GUN? " 25514
WORLD WAR II WAR FILM 19 FIREPOWER DOCUMENTARY " HOW GOOD IS A GUN? " 25514
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
Wehrmacht Super Heavy Artillery firing on England, 1940
Wehrmacht Super Heavy Artillery firing on England, 1940
Published: 2017/05/13
Channel: World War 2: The Lost Footage
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Modern Cannon Breech Demo Watervliet Arsenal Museum
Published: 2009/05/01
Channel: cannonmn
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TV kalendar 13.04.2017. (Masakr u Katynskoj šumi - WW2, Empire State Building, Sidney Poitier)
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Hjezinac 3
500 Ton Bomb.
500 Ton Bomb.
Published: 2008/01/18
Channel: Jenicky199
ANA artillerymen set up and fire the D-30 122mm Howitzer
ANA artillerymen set up and fire the D-30 122mm Howitzer
Published: 2011/11/08
Channel: MilitaryNotes
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GAM-63 RASCAL
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Channel: jaglavaksoldier
2013-01-15 Video of Second Missile Impact During Airstrikes on Aleppo University by Assad in Syria
2013-01-15 Video of Second Missile Impact During Airstrikes on Aleppo University by Assad in Syria
Published: 2013/01/23
Channel: Mr Ghostly
金門獅山砲陣地 8吋榴彈砲砲操表演 M115 8-inch howitzer in Kinmen
金門獅山砲陣地 8吋榴彈砲砲操表演 M115 8-inch howitzer in Kinmen
Published: 2016/11/28
Channel: Tscy
M110A2 8-inch SP Howitzer
M110A2 8-inch SP Howitzer
Published: 2008/08/27
Channel: jaglavaksoldier
Powerful nuclear bomb exploding !!!
Powerful nuclear bomb exploding !!!
Published: 2011/07/09
Channel: Musharaf Khan
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Russian S 300 Missile Huge Fail
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: Atlantis tia
North Korean ICBM Explosion Footage
North Korean ICBM Explosion Footage
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: sushiboots
Q.News: Rif Dimashq: huge explosion caused by a barrel bomb in Muadamyat Al-Sham city 16-1-2016
Q.News: Rif Dimashq: huge explosion caused by a barrel bomb in Muadamyat Al-Sham city 16-1-2016
Published: 2016/01/16
Channel: Qasioun News Agency
M114 155mm Towed Howitzer
M114 155mm Towed Howitzer
Published: 2009/12/13
Channel: jaglavaksoldier
WORLD WAR II WEAPONRY 18 - 30  U.S. Bomb Technology (1944 - 1945) - Documentary Films HD
WORLD WAR II WEAPONRY 18 - 30 U.S. Bomb Technology (1944 - 1945) - Documentary Films HD
Published: 2014/12/09
Channel: HD Documentary
American Military Might: Weapons Of The Field Artillery - Educational Film - S88TV1
American Military Might: Weapons Of The Field Artillery - Educational Film - S88TV1
Published: 2014/05/03
Channel: Tomorrow Always Comes
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Burned by the Hiroshima Atomic bomb
Published: 2013/10/19
Channel: Lankantube. TV
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Mark 7 "Thor" atomic bomb #1
Published: 2016/02/23
Channel: John Strangelove
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Published: 2016/02/23
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Explosive Artillery Simulator
Published: 2011/10/03
Channel: Central Oregon Survival Network
Iraqi Freedom (Weapons Disposal)
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Published: 2007/10/04
Channel: armouredpuppy
8-Inch Howitzer M110, Self Propelled 1965 US Army; Weapons of the Field Artillery
8-Inch Howitzer M110, Self Propelled 1965 US Army; Weapons of the Field Artillery
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: Jeff Quitney
M107 175mm SP Gun
M107 175mm SP Gun
Published: 2008/09/28
Channel: jaglavaksoldier
Did you know ...? # PART 2130
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Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Did you know...
Судак на HMKL Zagger 65SP.
Судак на HMKL Zagger 65SP.
Published: 2016/12/04
Channel: Валерий Жильцов
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Rhm-150mm gun monster/Explosions of ammunition
Published: 2016/08/05
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Something Strange Happened After a Car Bombing
Something Strange Happened After a Car Bombing
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Liberty Stands Still
Haubica/Howitzer M101A1 cal.105mm
Haubica/Howitzer M101A1 cal.105mm
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Channel: xoax11
Large explosion hit Syrian army missile base, Israel blamed
Large explosion hit Syrian army missile base, Israel blamed
Published: 2013/11/01
Channel: TomoNews US
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Battlegroup 42: Lancaster bombing
Published: 2006/06/13
Channel: Don Pomelo -_-
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Published: 2017/08/25
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Intense Missile Impacts & Explosions with Volbeat HBC
Intense Missile Impacts & Explosions with Volbeat HBC
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Explosión SFX
Explosión SFX
Published: 2009/02/13
Channel: psychokamui
미 육군 155mm M777 곡사포 실사격 US Army Howitzer M777 Live Firing
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Published: 2017/08/02
Channel: NetGlobal
【minecraft】 914mm榴弾を村に撃つ!/リトル・デーヴィッド【MCヘリ】
【minecraft】 914mm榴弾を村に撃つ!/リトル・デーヴィッド【MCヘリ】
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M102 105mm Howitzer Towed from "Weapons of the Field Artillery" 1965 US Army Training Film
M102 105mm Howitzer Towed from "Weapons of the Field Artillery" 1965 US Army Training Film
Published: 2012/03/05
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Did you know ...? # PART 2131
Did you know ...? # PART 2131
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Did you know...
Radar, Ground Surveillance, AN/TPS-25 pt1-2 1962 US Army Training Film
Radar, Ground Surveillance, AN/TPS-25 pt1-2 1962 US Army Training Film
Published: 2012/05/17
Channel: Jeff Quitney
TV kalendar 14.09.2014. (JNA bombardirala OS, Nijemci zauzeli RI, P. Swayze, 1. partizanski pilot)
TV kalendar 14.09.2014. (JNA bombardirala OS, Nijemci zauzeli RI, P. Swayze, 1. partizanski pilot)
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: Hjezinac 3
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The M115 anti-crop bomb, also known as the feather bomb or the E73 bomb,[1] was a U.S. biological cluster bomb designed to deliver wheat stem rust.

History[edit]

Mass production of the M115 bomb began in 1953.[2] The weapon was a modified M16A1 cluster bomb, which was normally used to distribute airborne leaflet propaganda or fragmentation weapons.[3] The U.S. Air Force first pointed out the need for an anti-crop weapon in September 1947. In October 1950 the Air Force began procuring 4,800 M115 bombs.[1] By 1954, with the biological agents causing wheat and rye rust standardized in laboratory culture, the U.S. Air Force prepared to transfer the agent to some 4,800 of the M115s.[4] The deployment of the M115 represented the United States' first, though limited, anti-crop biological warfare (BW) capability.[4] Though the weapon was tested at Fort Detrick, in Frederick, Maryland, it was never used in combat.[5]

Specifications[edit]

The M115 was a 500-pound (227 kg) bomb that was converted from a leaflet bomb and to be used to deliver wheat stem rust.[2][6] Wheat stem rust culture consisted of a dry particulate matter which was adhered to a light-weight vector, usually feathers. Because of its method of dissemination, the bomb was commonly referred to as the "feather bomb".[2] The feathers would fall over a wide area when released.[5] The M115 was shown to establish 100,000 foci of infection over a 50-square-mile (130 km2) area.[4]

Tests involving the M115[edit]

According to a 1950 military report the M115 was tested in an area 11 miles (18 km) long and 1.5 miles (2.4 km) wide. The area consisted of 7.5 acres (30,000 m2) plots sown with the Overland variety of oats, susceptible to the test agent, Puccinia graminis avenae, but not to other strains of cereal rust.[3] The test drops of the M115 showed that, from an altitude of 4,000 feet (1,200 m), feathers could be spread over an area of 12 square miles (31 km2). Three M115 feather bombs were dropped 1 mile (1.6 km) upwind from the target area, which was then monitored for any changes. Estimates showed about a 30% reduction in yield from the infected area.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wheelis, Mark, et al. Deadly Cultures: Biological Weapons Since 1945, (Google Books), Harvard University Press, 2006, pp. 217-18, (ISBN 0674016998).
  2. ^ a b c Smart, Jeffery K. Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare: Chapter 2 - History of Chemical and Biological Warfare: An American Perspective, (PDF: p. 51), Borden Institute, Textbooks of Military Medicine, PDF via Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base, accessed November 16, 2008.
  3. ^ a b c Russell, Alan and Vogler, John. The International Politics of Biotechnology: Investigating Global Futures, (Google Books), Manchester University Press, 2000, pp. 173-74, (ISBN 0719058686).
  4. ^ a b c Whitby, Simon M. Biological Warfare Against Crops, (Google Books), Macmillan, 2002, pp. 156-57, (ISBN 0333920856).
  5. ^ Endicott, Stephen and Hagerman, Edward. "United States Biological Warfare during the Korean War: rhetoric and reality" York University, June 2002, accessed November 16, 2008.

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