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BALLISTIC MISSILE M115 -U.S (HUGE EXPLOSION)
BALLISTIC MISSILE M115 -U.S (HUGE EXPLOSION)
Published: 2008/11/19
Channel: zawan607
Did you know ...? # PART 2130
Did you know ...? # PART 2130
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Did you know...
Plastic Explosives:  M118 Demolition Charge  (FLEX-X)  1966 US Army
Plastic Explosives: M118 Demolition Charge (FLEX-X) 1966 US Army
Published: 2013/12/11
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Did you know ...? # PART 2131
Did you know ...? # PART 2131
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Did you know...
M110 8-Inch Howitzer Self-Propelled from "Weapons of the Field Artillery" 1965 US Army
M110 8-Inch Howitzer Self-Propelled from "Weapons of the Field Artillery" 1965 US Army
Published: 2012/03/15
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Did you know ...? # PART 2129
Did you know ...? # PART 2129
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Did you know...
Did you know ...? # PART 2128
Did you know ...? # PART 2128
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Did you know...
WW2 Color B-26 Marauders Over Germany
WW2 Color B-26 Marauders Over Germany
Published: 2016/12/19
Channel: airailimages
Indian Nuclear Ballistic Missile nearly destroys itself :)
Indian Nuclear Ballistic Missile nearly destroys itself :)
Published: 2013/09/26
Channel: Saf Riz
2013-01-15 Video of Second Missile Impact During Airstrikes on Aleppo University by Assad in Syria
2013-01-15 Video of Second Missile Impact During Airstrikes on Aleppo University by Assad in Syria
Published: 2013/01/23
Channel: Mr Ghostly
My Collection: WWII Artillery Shell Identification
My Collection: WWII Artillery Shell Identification
Published: 2014/03/23
Channel: Aquachigger
Powerful nuclear bomb exploding !!!
Powerful nuclear bomb exploding !!!
Published: 2011/07/09
Channel: Musharaf Khan
Huge explosion Tennis Bomb
Huge explosion Tennis Bomb
Published: 2009/01/09
Channel: jindraaa
M110A2 8-inch SP Howitzer
M110A2 8-inch SP Howitzer
Published: 2008/08/27
Channel: jaglavaksoldier
Iraqi Freedom (Weapons Disposal)
Iraqi Freedom (Weapons Disposal)
Published: 2007/10/04
Channel: armouredpuppy
FIRING THE 155mm HOWITZER | WW2 Weapon Documentary
FIRING THE 155mm HOWITZER | WW2 Weapon Documentary
Published: 2014/02/11
Channel: Bright Enlightenment
SNN | Syria | Homs | Massive Explosion After Regime Air Forces Launch Missiles | August 6, 2012
SNN | Syria | Homs | Massive Explosion After Regime Air Forces Launch Missiles | August 6, 2012
Published: 2012/08/07
Channel: SNN Shaam English News
Massive Explosion in Syrian town
Massive Explosion in Syrian town
Published: 2014/09/24
Channel: LatestWarVideos
Nuclear Howitzer
Nuclear Howitzer
Published: 2007/08/14
Channel: DecadentDisturber
WORLD WAR II WEAPONRY 18 - 30  U.S. Bomb Technology (1944 - 1945) - Documentary Films HD
WORLD WAR II WEAPONRY 18 - 30 U.S. Bomb Technology (1944 - 1945) - Documentary Films HD
Published: 2014/12/09
Channel: HD Documentary
Something Strange Happened After a Car Bombing
Something Strange Happened After a Car Bombing
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Liberty Stands Still
Nuclear Weapons: "Stay Safe, Stay Strong" 1960 US Air Force
Nuclear Weapons: "Stay Safe, Stay Strong" 1960 US Air Force
Published: 2012/08/12
Channel: Jeff Quitney
M455 Artillery Fired Atomic Projectile
M455 Artillery Fired Atomic Projectile
Published: 2016/01/15
Channel: John Strangelove
Ground Burst Simulator
Ground Burst Simulator
Published: 2010/11/13
Channel: airmanfishsticks
Burned by the Hiroshima Atomic bomb
Burned by the Hiroshima Atomic bomb
Published: 2013/10/19
Channel: Lankantube. TV
ASU dirtybomb Explosion
ASU dirtybomb Explosion
Published: 2014/01/23
Channel: Nicholas Lindquist
British artillerymen fire 18 pounders and 8 inch howitzers, near Monchy-le-Preux,...HD Stock Footage
British artillerymen fire 18 pounders and 8 inch howitzers, near Monchy-le-Preux,...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/04/22
Channel: CriticalPast
Large explosion hit Syrian army missile base, Israel blamed
Large explosion hit Syrian army missile base, Israel blamed
Published: 2013/11/01
Channel: TomoNews US
Desert Rock VII: "Atomic Battlefield" ~ 1957 US Army; Op. Plumbbob, Smokey Shot; Big Picture TV-396
Desert Rock VII: "Atomic Battlefield" ~ 1957 US Army; Op. Plumbbob, Smokey Shot; Big Picture TV-396
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: Jeff Quitney
U.S. Senator John I$I$ McCain Undocumented ISIS ARMY Immigrants
U.S. Senator John I$I$ McCain Undocumented ISIS ARMY Immigrants
Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: ZIG ZAG
Bunker buster explosion
Bunker buster explosion
Published: 2014/12/29
Channel: Jaylan Gardner
Missile explosion
Missile explosion
Published: 2016/03/02
Channel: Vince The Menace
Battlegroup 42: Lancaster bombing
Battlegroup 42: Lancaster bombing
Published: 2006/06/13
Channel: Don Pomelo -_-
DYING BREEDS - FEATHER BOMBS
DYING BREEDS - FEATHER BOMBS
Published: 2010/04/27
Channel: Dying Breeds
Bruges under missile attack or accident
Bruges under missile attack or accident
Published: 2012/04/28
Channel: Dietrich Thieren
Man VS Nature
Man VS Nature
Published: 2012/04/23
Channel: BurlySmack
Various weapons of field artillery of United States Army in United States. HD Stock Footage
Various weapons of field artillery of United States Army in United States. HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/04/18
Channel: CriticalPast
Video game making Henry Holloway
Video game making Henry Holloway
Published: 2009/10/01
Channel: Henry Holloway
Wunder Projekt Der Riese
Wunder Projekt Der Riese
Published: 2015/03/24
Channel: Project DTM
Mistral GyroAire Box Fan
Mistral GyroAire Box Fan
Published: 2012/02/26
Channel: ThatFanGuy96
French Army
French Army's Truck Artillery System: Caesar 155mm Self-Propelled Howitzer (Promo), #2
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: ArdjJolyn Moone
Life Death & Destruction
Life Death & Destruction
Published: 2006/06/19
Channel: CitizenErased27
MBG
MBG's Silent Let's Play: Black Ops Zombies - Kino Der Toten (25 Rounds)
Published: 2014/08/10
Channel: MysteryBlockGaming
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The M115 anti-crop bomb, also known as the feather bomb or the E73 bomb,[1] was a U.S. biological cluster bomb designed to deliver wheat stem rust.

History[edit]

Mass production of the M115 bomb began in 1953.[2] The weapon was a modified M16A1 cluster bomb, which was normally used to distribute airborne leaflet propaganda or fragmentation weapons.[3] The U.S. Air Force first pointed out the need for an anti-crop weapon in September 1947. In October 1950 the Air Force began procuring 4,800 M115 bombs.[1] By 1954, with the biological agents causing wheat and rye rust standardized in laboratory culture, the U.S. Air Force prepared to transfer the agent to some 4,800 of the M115s.[4] The deployment of the M115 represented the United States' first, though limited, anti-crop biological warfare (BW) capability.[4] Though the weapon was tested at Fort Detrick, in Frederick, Maryland, it was never used in combat.[5]

Specifications[edit]

The M115 was a 500-pound (227 kg) bomb that was converted from a leaflet bomb and to be used to deliver wheat stem rust.[2][6] Wheat stem rust culture consisted of a dry particulate matter which was adhered to a light-weight vector, usually feathers. Because of its method of dissemination, the bomb was commonly referred to as the "feather bomb".[2] The feathers would fall over a wide area when released.[5] The M115 was shown to establish 100,000 foci of infection over a 50-square-mile (130 km2) area.[4]

Tests involving the M115[edit]

According to a 1950 military report the M115 was tested in an area 11 miles (18 km) long and 1.5 miles (2.4 km) wide. The area consisted of 7.5 acres (30,000 m2) plots sown with the Overland variety of oats, susceptible to the test agent, Puccinia graminis avenae, but not to other strains of cereal rust.[3] The test drops of the M115 showed that, from an altitude of 4,000 feet (1,200 m), feathers could be spread over an area of 12 square miles (31 km2). Three M115 feather bombs were dropped 1 mile (1.6 km) upwind from the target area, which was then monitored for any changes. Estimates showed about a 30% reduction in yield from the infected area.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wheelis, Mark, et al. Deadly Cultures: Biological Weapons Since 1945, (Google Books), Harvard University Press, 2006, pp. 217-18, (ISBN 0674016998).
  2. ^ a b c Smart, Jeffery K. Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare: Chapter 2 - History of Chemical and Biological Warfare: An American Perspective, (PDF: p. 51), Borden Institute, Textbooks of Military Medicine, PDF via Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base, accessed November 16, 2008.
  3. ^ a b c Russell, Alan and Vogler, John. The International Politics of Biotechnology: Investigating Global Futures, (Google Books), Manchester University Press, 2000, pp. 173-74, (ISBN 0719058686).
  4. ^ a b c Whitby, Simon M. Biological Warfare Against Crops, (Google Books), Macmillan, 2002, pp. 156-57, (ISBN 0333920856).
  5. ^ Endicott, Stephen and Hagerman, Edward. "United States Biological Warfare during the Korean War: rhetoric and reality" York University, June 2002, accessed November 16, 2008.

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