Play Video
1
Treasures of New York:American Museum of Natural History in New York
Treasures of New York:American Museum of Natural History in New York
::2014/06/12::
Play Video
2
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Hope Diamond Gems in Washington DC
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Hope Diamond Gems in Washington DC
::2014/05/18::
Play Video
3
National Museum of Natural History Washington D.C. Mall Smithsonian NMNH science biology
National Museum of Natural History Washington D.C. Mall Smithsonian NMNH science biology
::2013/11/27::
Play Video
4
Museum of Natural History in Paris, France
Museum of Natural History in Paris, France
::2013/08/10::
Play Video
5
National Museum of Natural History, Paris
National Museum of Natural History, Paris
::2010/07/21::
Play Video
6
National Museum of Natural History in Sofia
National Museum of Natural History in Sofia
::2014/04/11::
Play Video
7
"British Museum". One of the best collections anywhere in the World.  London, England
"British Museum". One of the best collections anywhere in the World. London, England
::2012/09/12::
Play Video
8
Maria and the Dinosaur - American Museum of Natural History
Maria and the Dinosaur - American Museum of Natural History
::2013/09/24::
Play Video
9
Microcins in action by Sylvie Rebuffat
Microcins in action by Sylvie Rebuffat
::2012/07/25::
Play Video
10
At the Natural History Museum in Toulouse, France  2013
At the Natural History Museum in Toulouse, France 2013
::2013/01/25::
Play Video
11
The Hope Diamond - The Smithsonian Museum of Natural History
The Hope Diamond - The Smithsonian Museum of Natural History
::2012/03/08::
Play Video
12
Rastafari Exhibit at Museum of Natural History, Washington D.C.
Rastafari Exhibit at Museum of Natural History, Washington D.C.
::2010/11/01::
Play Video
13
Museum of Natural History in Halifax Wild Birds Virtual Tour 3D slideshow
Museum of Natural History in Halifax Wild Birds Virtual Tour 3D slideshow
::2014/02/25::
Play Video
14
Museums in the Gulf: What is Their Identity? By Dr. Anie Montigny
Museums in the Gulf: What is Their Identity? By Dr. Anie Montigny
::2013/03/04::
Play Video
15
Science centres and museums: Public partners in Rio+20
Science centres and museums: Public partners in Rio+20
::2012/06/15::
Play Video
16
Carnegie Museum of Natural History: Life in Ancient Egypt - Abhijit
Carnegie Museum of Natural History: Life in Ancient Egypt - Abhijit
::2014/01/05::
Play Video
17
(French/German sub.) Relict trees of the Hyrcanian Forests in the Talysh Mountains of Azerbaijan
(French/German sub.) Relict trees of the Hyrcanian Forests in the Talysh Mountains of Azerbaijan
::2014/05/28::
Play Video
18
Florida Fossils exhibit at the Florida Museum of Natural History
Florida Fossils exhibit at the Florida Museum of Natural History
::2013/08/21::
Play Video
19
Science centres and museums: Public partners in Rio+20 - Promo version
Science centres and museums: Public partners in Rio+20 - Promo version
::2012/06/15::
Play Video
20
London Museum of Natural History
London Museum of Natural History
::2010/02/05::
Play Video
21
Dance Macabre @ Booth Museum of  natural history, Brighton
Dance Macabre @ Booth Museum of natural history, Brighton
::2014/06/25::
Play Video
22
Cambodia National Museum
Cambodia National Museum
::2014/07/17::
Play Video
23
Museum of Natural History, Paris
Museum of Natural History, Paris
::2010/10/19::
Play Video
24
Prince william and Kate Middleton, Prince George at the Natural History Museum in London
Prince william and Kate Middleton, Prince George at the Natural History Museum in London
::2014/07/21::
Play Video
25
Visits to Paris museum of evolution hit 10 million
Visits to Paris museum of evolution hit 10 million
::2010/12/28::
Play Video
26
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles - Best Museuns in USA - visit museums online
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles - Best Museuns in USA - visit museums online
::2014/06/09::
Play Video
27
American Museum of Natural History Evolution of Terrestrial Leeches (Clark University Video)
American Museum of Natural History Evolution of Terrestrial Leeches (Clark University Video)
::2012/11/06::
Play Video
28
"The American Museum of Natural History" Babieemelly
"The American Museum of Natural History" Babieemelly's photos around New York, United States
::2011/02/20::
Play Video
29
Elephant skeleton loses tusk in Paris museum theft.
Elephant skeleton loses tusk in Paris museum theft.
::2013/03/31::
Play Video
30
Washington D.C.: National Museum of American History - USA (HD)
Washington D.C.: National Museum of American History - USA (HD)
::2014/06/26::
Play Video
31
DC Trip: Arlington Cemetery & Museum of Natural History
DC Trip: Arlington Cemetery & Museum of Natural History
::2011/08/18::
Play Video
32
Hidden Expedition: Smithsonian Hope Diamond Trailer
Hidden Expedition: Smithsonian Hope Diamond Trailer
::2013/12/18::
Play Video
33
National Ethnographic Museum- amazing places to travel in albania
National Ethnographic Museum- amazing places to travel in albania
::2014/07/23::
Play Video
34
CultureClic Augmented Culture for iPhone, smartphones & 80% of connected mobiles (augmented reality)
CultureClic Augmented Culture for iPhone, smartphones & 80% of connected mobiles (augmented reality)
::2010/02/25::
Play Video
35
UWSP Museum of Natural History Gift Shop
UWSP Museum of Natural History Gift Shop
::2013/03/25::
Play Video
36
Museum of Natural and Cultural History 75 Years
Museum of Natural and Cultural History 75 Years
::2010/11/22::
Play Video
37
Anniston Museum of Natural History
Anniston Museum of Natural History
::2012/02/14::
Play Video
38
Science Bulletins: How Does Reading Change the Brain?
Science Bulletins: How Does Reading Change the Brain?
::2012/06/07::
Play Video
39
PARIS: Museum of natural sciences:Interpreti veneziani
PARIS: Museum of natural sciences:Interpreti veneziani
::2009/02/01::
Play Video
40
Video#584 American Museum of Natural History Pt 5
Video#584 American Museum of Natural History Pt 5
::2010/12/21::
Play Video
41
The Museum of Natural History in Washington DC: Dinosaur Exhibit
The Museum of Natural History in Washington DC: Dinosaur Exhibit
::2011/10/18::
Play Video
42
Atlatl Demonstration at Museum of Natural History
Atlatl Demonstration at Museum of Natural History
::2014/03/23::
Play Video
43
National History Museum (London UK): Part 1
National History Museum (London UK): Part 1
::2013/07/31::
Play Video
44
The Natural History Museum Dublin .
The Natural History Museum Dublin .
::2012/10/06::
Play Video
45
Conservapedia on Evolution - Part 2
Conservapedia on Evolution - Part 2
::2012/11/18::
Play Video
46
Most Amazing trip to New York ever Pt 2.The museum of natural history.
Most Amazing trip to New York ever Pt 2.The museum of natural history.
::2014/06/03::
Play Video
47
Short Stay Apartment Museum View - Paris - France
Short Stay Apartment Museum View - Paris - France
::2014/07/02::
Play Video
48
NMNH Turns Into Grand Central Station With Flash Mob
NMNH Turns Into Grand Central Station With Flash Mob
::2011/06/07::
Play Video
49
Birding at the Museum: Frank Chapman and the Dioramas
Birding at the Museum: Frank Chapman and the Dioramas
::2013/12/20::
Play Video
50
IN THE MUSEUM OF MAN: RACE, ANTHROPOLOGY AND EMPIRE IN FRANCE, 1850-1950
IN THE MUSEUM OF MAN: RACE, ANTHROPOLOGY AND EMPIRE IN FRANCE, 1850-1950
::2014/04/09::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from MNHN)
Jump to: navigation, search
French National Museum of Natural History
Muséum national d'histoire naturelle
Grande galerie de l'évolution - L'intérieur du bâtiment.jpg
Great Gallery of Evolution in the National Museum of Natural History in Paris, France
National Museum of Natural History (France) is located in Paris
National Museum of Natural History (France)
Magnify-clip.png
Location within Paris
Established June 10, 1793 (1793-06-10)
Location 57 Rue Cuvier, Paris, France
Coordinates 48°50′32″N 2°21′23″E / 48.8422°N 2.3564°E / 48.8422; 2.3564
Type natural history museum
Collection size 62 million specimens[1]
Visitors 1.9 million per year
Director Gilles Bœuf
Public transit access Jussieu Metro-M.svgParis m 7 jms.svgParis m 10 jms.svg
Place MongeMetro-M.svgParis m 7 jms.svg
Austerlitz RER.svg Paris rer C jms.svg
Website www.mnhn.fr
Muséum national d'histoire naturelle network

The National Museum of Natural History (France), known in French as the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (abbreviation MNHN), is the national museum of natural history of France. The main museum is located in Paris, France, on the left bank of the River Seine. It was founded in 1793 during the French Revolution, but was established earlier in 1635. The museum now comprises 14 sites throughout France, with four in Paris, including the original location at the royal botanical garden, the Jardin des Plantes, which remains one of the seven departments of MNHN.

History[edit]

The museum was formally founded on 10 June 1793, during the French Revolution. Its origins lie, however, in the Jardin royal des plantes médicinales (Royal Medicinal Plant Garden) created by King Louis XIII in 1635, which was directed and run by the royal physicians. The royal proclamation of the boy-king Louis XV on 31 March 1718, however, removed the purely medical function, enabling the garden—which became known simply as the Jardin du Roi (King's Garden)—to focus on natural history.

For much of the 18th century (1739–1788), the garden was under the direction of Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, one of the leading naturalists of the Enlightenment, bringing international fame and prestige to the establishment. The royal institution remarkably survived the French Revolution by being reorganized in 1793 as a republican Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle with twelve professorships of equal rank. Some of its early professors included eminent comparative anatomist Georges Cuvier and evolutionary pioneers Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck and Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire. The museum's aims were to instruct the public, put together collections and conduct scientific research. It continued to flourish during the 19th century, and, particularly under the direction of chemist Michel Eugène Chevreul, became a rival to the University of Paris in scientific research. For example, during the period that Henri Becquerel held the chair for Applied Physics at the Muséum (1892–1908) he discovered the radiation properties of uranium. (Four generations of Becquerels held this chairmanship, from 1838 to 1948.[2])

A decree of 12 December 1891 ended this phase, returning the museum to an emphasis on natural history. After receiving financial autonomy in 1907, it began a new phase of growth, opening facilities throughout France during the interwar years. In recent decades, it has directed its research and education efforts at the effects on the environment of human exploitation. In French public administration, the Muséum is classed as a grand établissement of higher education.

Map of the main location of the National Museum of Natural History in Paris, at the Jardin des Plantes.

Mission and organization[edit]

The museum has as its mission both research (fundamental and applied) and public diffusion of knowledge. It is organized into seven research and three diffusion departments.[3]

The research departments are:

The diffusion departments are:

The museum also developed higher education, and now delivers a master's degree.[4]

Main façade of the Gallery of Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy.

Location and branches[edit]

The museum comprises fourteen sites[5] throughout France with four in Paris, including the original location at the Jardin des Plantes in the 5th arrondissement (métro Place Monge). The galleries open to the public are the Cabinet d’Histoire du Jardin des Plantes in the Hôtel de Magny, the Gallery of Mineralogy and Geology, the Gallery of Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy, and the famous Grand Gallery of Evolution (Grande galerie de l'évolution). The museum's Menagerie is also located here.

The herbarium of the museum, referred to by code P, includes a large number of important collections amongst its 8 000 000 plant specimens. The historical collections incorporated into the herbarium, each with its P prefix, include Lamarck's (P-LA) Desfontaines (P-Desf.) and Tournefort and Plumier (P-TRF). The designation at CITES is FR 75A. It publishes the botanical periodical Adansonia and journals on the flora of New Caledonia, Madagascar and Comoro Islands, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam, Cameroon, and Gabon.[6]

The Musée de l'Homme is also in Paris, in the 16th arrondissement (métro Trocadéro). It houses displays in ethnography and physical anthropology, including artifacts, fossils, and other objects.

Also part of the museum sre :

  • Four scientific sites, the Institut de Paléontologie humaine in Paris, the Centre d'Écologie générale de Brunoy, the Station de Biologie marine et Marinarium de Concarneau and the CRESCO (Centre de Recherche et d'Enseignement sur les Systèmes Côtiers) in Dinard.

Chairs[edit]

Dreamlike paintings of Henri "Douanier" Rousseau were inspired by visits to the Jardin des Plantes

The transformation of the Jardin from the medicinal garden of the King to a national public museum of natural history required the creation of twelve Chaired positions. Over the ensuing years the number of Chairs and their subject areas evolved, some being subdivided into two positions and others removed. The list of Chairs of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle includes major figures in the history of the Natural sciences. Early chaired positions were held by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, René Desfontaines and Georges Cuvier, and later occupied by Paul Rivet, Léon Vaillant and others.

In popular culture[edit]

The Gallery of Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy and other parts of Jardin des Plantes was a source of inspiration for French graphic novelist Jacques Tardi. The gallery appears on the first page and several subsequent pages of Adèle et la bête (Adèle and the Beast; 1976), the first album in the series of Les Aventures extraordinaires d'Adèle Blanc-Sec. The story opens with a 136 million year old pterodactyl egg hatching, and a live pterodactyl escaping through the gallery glass roof, wreaking havoc and killing people in Paris. (The Gallery of Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy returned the favor by placing a life size cardboard cutout of Adèle and the hatching pterodactyl in a glass cabinet outside the main entrance on the top floor balcony.)

Directors of the Museum[edit]

Alphonse Milne-Edwards, director of the museum at the end of the 19th century.

Directors elected for one year:

Directors elected for two years:

Directors elected for five years:

Presidents elected for five years:

Friends[edit]

The Friends of the Natural History Museum Paris is a private organization that provides financial support for the museum, its branches and the Jardin des Plantes. Membership includes free entry to all galleries of the Museum and the botanical garden. The Friends have assisted the museum with many purchases for its collections over the years, as well as funds for scientific and structural development.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Quelles collections ?". http://www.mnhn.fr. 1. 
  2. ^ A. Allisy (November 1, 1996). "Henri Becquerel: The Discovery of Radioactivity". Radiation Protection Dosimetry 68 (1): 3–10. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.rpd.a031848. 
  3. ^ Muséum national d'histoire naturelle; official website
  4. ^ Official website
  5. ^ Implantations, site of the MNHN
  6. ^ Holmgren, P. K.; N. H. Holmgren. (1998 [updated: December 2008]). "Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle". Index Herbariorum. The New York Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-03-10. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°50′32″N 2°21′23″E / 48.842109°N 2.356286°E / 48.842109; 2.356286

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014