SPONSORED VIDEO
Play Video
1
Museum of Natural History in Paris, France
Museum of Natural History in Paris, France
::2013/08/10::
Play Video
2
Treasures of New York:American Museum of Natural History in New York
Treasures of New York:American Museum of Natural History in New York
::2014/06/12::
Play Video
3
Unbelievably Amazing Gigantic Huge Public Gardens Eco Museums
Unbelievably Amazing Gigantic Huge Public Gardens Eco Museums
::2015/02/09::
Play Video
4
Museum of Natural History - Paris
Museum of Natural History - Paris
::2014/09/17::
Play Video
5
The Hope Diamond - The Smithsonian Museum of Natural History
The Hope Diamond - The Smithsonian Museum of Natural History
::2012/03/08::
Play Video
6
Smithsonian Museum of Natural History - National Gem Collection
Smithsonian Museum of Natural History - National Gem Collection
::2012/02/29::
Play Video
7
The Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Part Two
The Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Part Two
::2012/05/31::
Play Video
8
Science Bulletins: How Does Reading Change the Brain?
Science Bulletins: How Does Reading Change the Brain?
::2012/06/07::
Play Video
9
Maria and the Dinosaur - American Museum of Natural History
Maria and the Dinosaur - American Museum of Natural History
::2013/09/24::
Play Video
10
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Hope Diamond Gems in Washington DC
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Hope Diamond Gems in Washington DC
::2014/05/18::
Play Video
11
North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences
North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences
::2014/06/04::
Play Video
12
Visit Paris, France: Things to do in Paris for kids
Visit Paris, France: Things to do in Paris for kids
::2014/12/12::
Play Video
13
Museums in the Gulf: What is Their Identity? By Dr. Anie Montigny
Museums in the Gulf: What is Their Identity? By Dr. Anie Montigny
::2013/03/04::
Play Video
14
Microcins in action by Sylvie Rebuffat
Microcins in action by Sylvie Rebuffat
::2012/07/25::
Play Video
15
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF VIETNAMESE HISTORY
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF VIETNAMESE HISTORY
::2014/07/15::
Play Video
16
National Museum of Natural History, Paris
National Museum of Natural History, Paris
::2010/07/21::
Play Video
17
National Museum of Natural History, Sofia - poslka mishka
National Museum of Natural History, Sofia - poslka mishka
::2011/06/30::
Play Video
18
Les Maçons de Djenné /The Masons of Djenné
Les Maçons de Djenné /The Masons of Djenné
::2013/12/29::
Play Video
19
Monumental Paris (France) [IgeoNews]
Monumental Paris (France) [IgeoNews]
::2014/09/28::
Play Video
20
Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales - Museums: Visualizing Spanish Exhibits (eng)
Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales - Museums: Visualizing Spanish Exhibits (eng)
::2013/05/13::
Play Video
21
Surviving Disappearance, Re-Imagining & Humanizing Native Peoples: Matika Wilbur at TEDxSeattle
Surviving Disappearance, Re-Imagining & Humanizing Native Peoples: Matika Wilbur at TEDxSeattle
::2013/07/20::
Play Video
22
Canadian Museum of History_Canada
Canadian Museum of History_Canada
::2015/01/20::
Play Video
23
Earthquake Simulator at Natural History Museum, London
Earthquake Simulator at Natural History Museum, London
::2014/07/10::
Play Video
24
Science centres and museums: Public partners in Rio+20
Science centres and museums: Public partners in Rio+20
::2012/06/15::
Play Video
25
National Museum of Natural History in Sofia
National Museum of Natural History in Sofia
::2014/04/11::
Play Video
26
Sarcosuchus - Any resemblance to any politician is ... in the eye of the beholder
Sarcosuchus - Any resemblance to any politician is ... in the eye of the beholder
::2014/12/13::
Play Video
27
Science centres and museums: Public partners in Rio+20 - Promo version
Science centres and museums: Public partners in Rio+20 - Promo version
::2012/06/15::
Play Video
28
CultureClic Augmented Culture for iPhone, smartphones & 80% of connected mobiles (augmented reality)
CultureClic Augmented Culture for iPhone, smartphones & 80% of connected mobiles (augmented reality)
::2010/02/25::
Play Video
29
Origami at the Museum: Folding a Whale (Remix)
Origami at the Museum: Folding a Whale (Remix)
::2014/12/11::
Play Video
30
Rastafari Exhibit at Museum of Natural History, Washington D.C.
Rastafari Exhibit at Museum of Natural History, Washington D.C.
::2010/11/01::
Play Video
31
Neanderthals Deciphered
Neanderthals Deciphered
::2012/11/08::
Play Video
32
A walk to the Field Museum of Natural History
A walk to the Field Museum of Natural History
::2013/06/26::
Play Video
33
Illinois Adventure #1407 "Burpee Museum of Natural History"
Illinois Adventure #1407 "Burpee Museum of Natural History"
::2014/03/06::
Play Video
34
Prince william and Kate Middleton, Prince George at the Natural History Museum in London
Prince william and Kate Middleton, Prince George at the Natural History Museum in London
::2014/07/21::
Play Video
35
Museum of Natural History, Paris
Museum of Natural History, Paris
::2010/10/19::
Play Video
36
Bilingual Hangout: Mammal Scientists from the Smithsonian and Beyond
Bilingual Hangout: Mammal Scientists from the Smithsonian and Beyond
::2013/08/16::
Play Video
37
Ocean Odyssey 2010 720p part 2 (HD)
Ocean Odyssey 2010 720p part 2 (HD)
::2011/03/19::
Play Video
38
Ocean Odyssey 2010 720p part 1 (HD)
Ocean Odyssey 2010 720p part 1 (HD)
::2011/03/19::
Play Video
39
French News, 1960
French News, 1960's - Film 17237
::2014/12/01::
Play Video
40
Bern - 1988
Bern - 1988
::2012/05/08::
Play Video
41
25 Magnificent Museums You Have To Visit In Your Lifetime
25 Magnificent Museums You Have To Visit In Your Lifetime
::2014/09/19::
Play Video
42
Ocean Odyssey 2010 720p part 6 (HD)
Ocean Odyssey 2010 720p part 6 (HD)
::2011/03/19::
Play Video
43
Ocean.Odyssey.2010.720p-part 3 (HD)
Ocean.Odyssey.2010.720p-part 3 (HD)
::2011/03/19::
Play Video
44
Paris, France - Video tour of a vacation rental on Rue des Fossés Saint-Marcel (5th district)
Paris, France - Video tour of a vacation rental on Rue des Fossés Saint-Marcel (5th district)
::2011/10/26::
Play Video
45
thirst DC: Smithsonian SE - Chris Meyer, Ph.D - thirst for diversity
thirst DC: Smithsonian SE - Chris Meyer, Ph.D - thirst for diversity
::2012/10/25::
Play Video
46
Ocean Odyssey 2010 720p part 7 (HD)
Ocean Odyssey 2010 720p part 7 (HD)
::2011/03/20::
Play Video
47
Conservapedia on Evolution - Part 2
Conservapedia on Evolution - Part 2
::2012/11/18::
Play Video
48
Ocean Odyssey 2010
Ocean Odyssey 2010
::2011/02/05::
Play Video
49
OUTSIDE THE VIETNAM NATIONAL HISTORY MUSEUM   HANOI
OUTSIDE THE VIETNAM NATIONAL HISTORY MUSEUM HANOI
::2014/10/30::
Play Video
50
Eugene Fromentin,French Artist ZABANA MUSEUM ORAN ALGERIA
Eugene Fromentin,French Artist ZABANA MUSEUM ORAN ALGERIA
::2010/03/07::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [ .. ]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from MNHN)
Jump to: navigation, search
French National Museum of Natural History
Muséum national d'histoire naturelle
Grande galerie de l'évolution - L'intérieur du bâtiment.jpg
Great Gallery of Evolution in the National Museum of Natural History in Paris, France
National Museum of Natural History (France) is located in Paris
National Museum of Natural History (France)
Location within Paris
Established June 10, 1793 (1793-06-10)
Location 57 Rue Cuvier, Paris, France
Coordinates 48°50′32″N 2°21′23″E / 48.8422°N 2.3564°E / 48.8422; 2.3564
Type natural history museum
Collection size 62 million specimens[1]
Visitors 1.9 million per year
Director Gilles Bœuf
Public transit access Jussieu Metro-M.svgParis m 7 jms.svgParis m 10 jms.svg
Place MongeMetro-M.svgParis m 7 jms.svg
Austerlitz RER.svg Paris rer C jms.svg
Website www.mnhn.fr
Muséum national d'histoire naturelle network

The French National Museum of Natural History, known in French as the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (abbreviation MNHN), is the national natural history museum of France. The main museum is located in Paris, France, on the left bank of the River Seine. It was founded in 1793 during the French Revolution, but was established earlier in 1635. The museum now comprises 14 sites throughout France, with four in Paris, including the original location at the royal botanical garden, the Jardin des Plantes, which remains one of the seven departments of MNHN.

History[edit]

The museum was formally founded on 10 June 1793, during the French Revolution. Its origins lie, however, in the Jardin royal des plantes médicinales (royal garden of medicinal plants) created by King Louis XIII in 1635, which was directed and run by the royal physicians. The royal proclamation of the boy-king Louis XV on 31 March 1718, however, removed the purely medical function, enabling the garden—which became known simply as the Jardin du Roi (King's garden)—to focus on natural history.

For much of the 18th century (1739–1788), the garden was under the direction of Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, one of the leading naturalists of the Enlightenment, bringing international fame and prestige to the establishment. The royal institution remarkably survived the French Revolution by being reorganized in 1793 as a republican Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle with twelve professorships of equal rank. Some of its early professors included eminent comparative anatomist Georges Cuvier and evolutionary pioneers Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck and Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire. The museum's aims were to instruct the public, put together collections and conduct scientific research. It continued to flourish during the 19th century, and, particularly under the direction of chemist Michel Eugène Chevreul, became a rival to the University of Paris in scientific research. For example, during the period that Henri Becquerel held the chair for Applied Physics at the Muséum (1892–1908) he discovered the radiation properties of uranium. (Four generations of Becquerels held this chairmanship, from 1838 to 1948.)[2]

A decree of 12 December 1891 ended this phase, returning the museum to an emphasis on natural history. After receiving financial autonomy in 1907, it began a new phase of growth, opening facilities throughout France during the interwar years. In recent decades, it has directed its research and education efforts at the effects on the environment of human exploitation. In French public administration, the Muséum is classed as a grand établissement of higher education.

Map of the main location of the National Museum of Natural History in Paris, at the Jardin des Plantes.

Mission and organization[edit]

The museum has as its mission both research (fundamental and applied) and public diffusion of knowledge. It is organized into seven research and three diffusion departments.[3]

The research departments are:

The diffusion departments are:

  • The Galleries of the Jardin des Plantes
  • Botanical Parks and Zoos, and
  • The Museum of Man (Musée de l'Homme)

The museum also developed higher education, and now delivers a master's degree.[4]

Main façade of the Gallery of Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy.

Location and branches[edit]

The museum comprises fourteen sites[5] throughout France with four in Paris, including the original location at the Jardin des Plantes in the 5th arrondissement (métro Place Monge). The galleries open to the public are the Cabinet d’Histoire du Jardin des Plantes in the Hôtel de Magny, the Gallery of Mineralogy and Geology, the Gallery of Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy, and the famous Grand Gallery of Evolution (Grande galerie de l'évolution). The museum's Menagerie is also located here.

The herbarium of the museum, referred to by code P, includes a large number of important collections amongst its 8 000 000 plant specimens. The historical collections incorporated into the herbarium, each with its P prefix, include those of Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck (P-LA) René Louiche Desfontaines (P-Desf.), Joseph Pitton de Tournefort and Charles Plumier (P-TRF). The designation at CITES is FR 75A. It publishes the botanical periodical Adansonia and journals on the flora of New Caledonia, Madagascar and Comoro Islands, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam, Cameroon, and Gabon.[6]

The Musée de l'Homme is also in Paris, in the 16th arrondissement (métro Trocadéro). It houses displays in ethnography and physical anthropology, including artifacts, fossils, and other objects.

Also part of the museum are:

  • Four scientific sites, the Institut de Paléontologie humaine in Paris, the Centre d'Écologie générale de Brunoy, the Station de Biologie marine et Marinarium de Concarneau and the CRESCO (Centre de Recherche et d'Enseignement sur les Systèmes Côtiers) in Dinard.

Chairs[edit]

Dreamlike paintings of Henri "Douanier" Rousseau were inspired by visits to the Jardin des Plantes

The transformation of the Jardin from the medicinal garden of the King to a national public museum of natural history required the creation of twelve Chaired positions. Over the ensuing years the number of Chairs and their subject areas evolved, some being subdivided into two positions and others removed. The list of Chairs of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle includes major figures in the history of the Natural sciences. Early chaired positions were held by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, René Desfontaines and Georges Cuvier, and later occupied by Paul Rivet, Léon Vaillant and others.

In popular culture[edit]

The Gallery of Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy and other parts of Jardin des Plantes was a source of inspiration for French graphic novelist Jacques Tardi. The gallery appears on the first page and several subsequent pages of Adèle et la bête (Adèle and the Beast; 1976), the first album in the series of Les Aventures extraordinaires d'Adèle Blanc-Sec. The story opens with a 136-million-year-old pterodactyl egg hatching, and a live pterodactyl escaping through the gallery glass roof, wreaking havoc and killing people in Paris. (The Gallery of Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy returned the favor by placing a life size cardboard cutout of Adèle and the hatching pterodactyl in a glass cabinet outside the main entrance on the top floor balcony.)

Directors of the Museum[edit]

Alphonse Milne-Edwards, director of the museum at the end of the 19th century.

Directors elected for one year:

Directors elected for two years:

Directors elected for five years:

Presidents elected for five years:

Friends[edit]

The Friends of the Natural History Museum Paris is a private organization that provides financial support for the museum, its branches and the Jardin des Plantes. Membership includes free entry to all galleries of the Museum and the botanical garden. The Friends have assisted the museum with many purchases for its collections over the years, as well as funds for scientific and structural development.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Quelles collections ?". http://www.mnhn.fr. 1 August 2008. 
  2. ^ A. Allisy (November 1, 1996). "Henri Becquerel: The Discovery of Radioactivity". Radiation Protection Dosimetry 68 (1): 3–10. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.rpd.a031848. 
  3. ^ Muséum national d'histoire naturelle; official website
  4. ^ Official website
  5. ^ Implantations, site of the MNHN
  6. ^ Holmgren, P. K.; N. H. Holmgren. (2008). "Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle". Index Herbariorum. The New York Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-03-10. 
  7. ^ night at.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°50′32″N 2°21′23″E / 48.842109°N 2.356286°E / 48.842109; 2.356286

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
MASHPEDIA
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2015