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La Sonora Dinamita - Macumba ft. Susana Zabaleta
La Sonora Dinamita - Macumba ft. Susana Zabaleta
Published: 2016/10/21
Channel: SonoraDinamitaVEVO
Veronica Castro - Macumba (Clip Original) (P.E. Jose @  DJ Mix)
Veronica Castro - Macumba (Clip Original) (P.E. Jose @ DJ Mix)
Published: 2011/09/09
Channel: Jose Cambronero
MACUMBA Sonora Dinamita con Margarita la Diosa de la Cumbia
MACUMBA Sonora Dinamita con Margarita la Diosa de la Cumbia
Published: 2016/01/04
Channel: mydizzymelody
Jean Pierre Mader - Macumba (1984 ClipVideo)
Jean Pierre Mader - Macumba (1984 ClipVideo)
Published: 2009/03/17
Channel: MickyClubMix
MACUMBA PESADA, Ritual Macabro muito forte!
MACUMBA PESADA, Ritual Macabro muito forte!
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: DarkIn Leo
GRUPO AUDAZ DE RIGO DOMINGUEZ - MACUMBA (Album Completo) (P)1986
GRUPO AUDAZ DE RIGO DOMINGUEZ - MACUMBA (Album Completo) (P)1986
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: Enrique Ramirez
A Casa da MACUMBA  💀 - Caçadores de Lendas (Cenas Reais)
A Casa da MACUMBA 💀 - Caçadores de Lendas (Cenas Reais)
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: Renato Garcia
Ensaio de Macumba AntropĂłfaga 26 de maio - 1Âș ATO + ComentĂĄrios - Teatro Oficina
Ensaio de Macumba AntropĂłfaga 26 de maio - 1Âș ATO + ComentĂĄrios - Teatro Oficina
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: Teatro Oficina Uzyna Uzona
Veronica Castro - MACUMBA
Veronica Castro - MACUMBA
Published: 2013/06/09
Channel: VERÓNICA C
SONORA DINAMITA - MACUMBA (canta MARGARITA)
SONORA DINAMITA - MACUMBA (canta MARGARITA)
Published: 2013/05/28
Channel: El NeoN
Pegadinha Macumba Delivery Essa Ă© Pra Rir....
Pegadinha Macumba Delivery Essa Ă© Pra Rir....
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: Nilson Campos
Macumba, Candomble, and Umbanda: Brazilian Spirituality
Macumba, Candomble, and Umbanda: Brazilian Spirituality
Published: 2011/08/10
Channel: TravelVideoSource
Macumba
Macumba
Published: 2016/07/16
Channel: Rigo Dominguez Y Su Grupo Audaz - Topic
VERÓNICA CASTRO - MACUMBA
VERÓNICA CASTRO - MACUMBA
Published: 2010/02/09
Channel: haceveinte
Rigo Dominguez "macumba"
Rigo Dominguez "macumba"
Published: 2013/02/02
Channel: ROGELIO ROCHA
MACUMBA PARA DESTRUIR INIMIGO
MACUMBA PARA DESTRUIR INIMIGO
Published: 2015/12/07
Channel: Pai Washington De Ogum
VOCÊ PEGARIA DINHEIRO DE UMA MACUMBA?
VOCÊ PEGARIA DINHEIRO DE UMA MACUMBA?
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: Segunda Animada
Macumba- Grupo Audaz
Macumba- Grupo Audaz
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: Alejandro Gutierrez Gandara
A TRILHA DA MACUMBA 2 - Caçadores de Lendas
A TRILHA DA MACUMBA 2 - Caçadores de Lendas
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Renato Garcia
DESMANCHE DE MACUMBA AREA SENTIMENTAL CENAS FORTE PR MARINALVA
DESMANCHE DE MACUMBA AREA SENTIMENTAL CENAS FORTE PR MARINALVA
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: renato
MACUMBA PARA A  DILMA
MACUMBA PARA A DILMA
Published: 2015/10/10
Channel: Leomar Tavares
TRILHA DA MACUMBA 2 (O POSSUÍDO) - Caçadores de Lendas
TRILHA DA MACUMBA 2 (O POSSUÍDO) - Caçadores de Lendas
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: Renato Garcia
"KLEBER LUCAS" no terreiro de candomblé; Cantor GOSPEL, Kleber Lucas, na Macumba
"KLEBER LUCAS" no terreiro de candomblé; Cantor GOSPEL, Kleber Lucas, na Macumba
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: CENTRAL M.O
Macumba pra pomba gira no cemitério pra separar casal
Macumba pra pomba gira no cemitério pra separar casal
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: Mac Kaiver Pfiffer
Macumba Jean-pierre Mader paroles
Macumba Jean-pierre Mader paroles
Published: 2011/01/26
Channel: sowwmaboule
Goleiro faz BRUXARIA (Macumba) para nĂŁo tomar GOL
Goleiro faz BRUXARIA (Macumba) para nĂŁo tomar GOL
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: Gol7i
O que Ă© Macumba | Filha de OyĂĄ
O que Ă© Macumba | Filha de OyĂĄ
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: Carol Filha de OyĂĄ
Pastora vai ao cemitĂ©rio para desfazer a macumba do PÊNIS AMARRADO
Pastora vai ao cemitĂ©rio para desfazer a macumba do PÊNIS AMARRADO
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: Nilton Cesar Santana COMPARTILHANDO INFORMAÇÕES
Jean-Pierre MADER - "Macumba"
Jean-Pierre MADER - "Macumba"
Published: 2012/12/26
Channel: Yann M.
O POSSUIDO ✞ E A CASA DA MACUMBA 💀
O POSSUIDO ✞ E A CASA DA MACUMBA 💀
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: Renato Garcia
MACUMBA NÃO MATA CRENTE - Voz e Legenda
MACUMBA NÃO MATA CRENTE - Voz e Legenda
Published: 2015/02/03
Channel: Anny Drigues
Macumba Los Diamantes de Valencia Volumen 18
Macumba Los Diamantes de Valencia Volumen 18
Published: 2017/11/06
Channel: Los Diamantes de Valencia Oficial
TERREIRO DE MACUMBA EVANGÉLICO
TERREIRO DE MACUMBA EVANGÉLICO
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: No entanto
PR MARINALVA DESMANCHANDO MACUMBA NO CEMITERIO!!
PR MARINALVA DESMANCHANDO MACUMBA NO CEMITERIO!!
Published: 2015/11/24
Channel: renato
A MACUMBA - ALGO DEU MUITO ERRADO NA GRAVAÇÃO... 💀
A MACUMBA - ALGO DEU MUITO ERRADO NA GRAVAÇÃO... 💀
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Luan Mendes
A TRILHA DA MACUMBA 💀  - Caçadores de Lendas
A TRILHA DA MACUMBA 💀 - Caçadores de Lendas
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: Renato Garcia
Sonora Dinamita - Macumba en vivo
Sonora Dinamita - Macumba en vivo
Published: 2010/09/30
Channel: Aguila AJ
COMO QUEBRAR MALDIÇÃO? MACUMBA PEGA EM CRENTE? EXISTE MALDIÇÃO HEREDITÁRIA? - Pastor Antonio Junior
COMO QUEBRAR MALDIÇÃO? MACUMBA PEGA EM CRENTE? EXISTE MALDIÇÃO HEREDITÁRIA? - Pastor Antonio Junior
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: Pastor AntĂŽnio JĂșnior
Traficantes diz ser de Jesus e manda macumbeiro destruir centro de macumba e desfazer oferenda đŸ˜źđŸ˜±
Traficantes diz ser de Jesus e manda macumbeiro destruir centro de macumba e desfazer oferenda đŸ˜źđŸ˜±
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: YOUTUBES OFICIAL
O SÍTIO DA MACUMBA / EPISÓDIO 03: JÚNIOR FOI PUXADO! | Caçadores Sobrenaturais
O SÍTIO DA MACUMBA / EPISÓDIO 03: JÚNIOR FOI PUXADO! | Caçadores Sobrenaturais
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: Caçadores Sobrenaturais
ENCONTRAMOS  FEITIÇARIA NO POÇO DA MACUMBA
ENCONTRAMOS FEITIÇARIA NO POÇO DA MACUMBA
Published: 2016/12/31
Channel: Investigação Sobrenatural
Frozen - Let it Go (ParĂłdia/Redublagem) Macumba SaravĂĄ
Frozen - Let it Go (ParĂłdia/Redublagem) Macumba SaravĂĄ
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: Gustavo ParĂłdias
Macumba pra crente e perguntas bobas.
Macumba pra crente e perguntas bobas.
Published: 2017/04/25
Channel: Rodrigo Fernandes
Johnny Hooker   Eu Vou Fazer Uma Macumba pra Te Amarrar, Maldito!
Johnny Hooker Eu Vou Fazer Uma Macumba pra Te Amarrar, Maldito!
Published: 2015/03/06
Channel: Johnny Hooker
DESMANCHE DE MACUMBA PR MARINALVA
DESMANCHE DE MACUMBA PR MARINALVA
Published: 2015/11/24
Channel: renato
TERREIRO DONA TEREZA MACUMBA CANDOMBLÉ Ley
TERREIRO DONA TEREZA MACUMBA CANDOMBLÉ Ley
Published: 2015/01/27
Channel: Wellesley Barros
Tierra Canela -  Mosaico Cumbias: Las Velas Encendidas,Macumba,El Desamor
Tierra Canela - Mosaico Cumbias: Las Velas Encendidas,Macumba,El Desamor
Published: 2010/07/15
Channel: Pedro Negron
REACT A Casa da MACUMBA - Caçadores de Lendas (Renato Garcia)
REACT A Casa da MACUMBA - Caçadores de Lendas (Renato Garcia)
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: Kel React
Farmacumba (FarmĂĄcia Macumba)
Farmacumba (FarmĂĄcia Macumba)
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: Brasil Esotérico
⭐MACUMBA⭐?
⭐MACUMBA⭐?
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: Kid Boy Checheu
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Macumba
Type Syncretic
Classification Afro-Brazilian-witchcraft
Orientation Quimbanda-Occultism
Region Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay
Origin 20th century
Brazil

Macumba (Portuguese pronunciation: [maˈkƩᔐbɐ]) is a word that has a dual meaning. It can be used when describing a musical instrument or a form of witchcraft (or magic). Before it was used for a single religion Macumba was originally used to categorize all religions who practiced or believed in animistic-syncretism during the 1800’s. In the 1900’s Macumba became a slang term among Brazilians who aren’t affiliated with these religions. The religions that are refereed to under the umbrella term Macumba are CandomblĂ©, Giro, and Mesa Blanca.

In Brazil[edit]

A black hen sacrifice as a Quimbanda ritual in a graveyard in Florianopolis, Brazil

Macumba is practiced in Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay. There appears to be a relationship with the concept of the Boto (the fresh-water porpoise found in the Amazonas River and its tributaries) having shape-shifting abilities and then while in the form of a human male having sexual relations with young women. This belief was noted in several Indigenous American villages along the Amazonas (SolimÔes) River, Rio Negro, and Rio Japurå.

Macumba is widely practiced throughout the Southern Cone. Many practitioners continue to practice their traditional religions (Christianity, Islam, Judaism, etc.) but also practice Macumba, often in violation of the tenets of their official religious affiliations but which their social environment appears to quietly accept.

Some practitioners purport to use Macumba to inflict harm, financial failure, illness, death, etc. on other people for various reasons. Commonly, a Macumba spiritual leader will ask for a picture of the person on whom retribution is sought, with the name of the person written on the back of the picture. This kind of practice is often seen as sorcery or black magic.

Practices[edit]

Out of all the religions grouped into Macumba only followers of Candomblé sacrifice animals during their rituals. Animals are also sacrificed during Consultas. In Candomblé blood is a very sacred and symbolic item and is used as often as possible. Blood to these followers represents life pure essence and a bond that unites them all together as family.

Giro on the other hand use palm tree oil(azeite de dendé) in their rituals, this is because using blood has formed a negative stigma around Candomblé as many people associate animal sacrifice with savagery and see it as backwards. This dependance on blood and animal sacrifice has led to a loss of converts and a stigma to form around Candomblé and its followers. Since dendé is a similar hue to blood it works well as a replacement in many rituals that would require it. This also allows followers of Giro to practice without fear of being stigmatized.

Mesa Blanca on the other hand believes that blood and dendé can bring evil and misfortune on those who dare to use it in rituals. Dendé for example is linked to aggressive spirits of slaves, as well as other evils that the group has shunned and removed from their practices. The movement away from these two mediums can be seen as a way to distance themselves from Afro-Brazilian religions and the Macumba itself.

Honey is also important to these religions as it represents the spirits of Native Indians, the use of honey can be for healing as well as reconciliation. Honey is an entirely different color than blood and Dendé so it is not associated with the evils of first two liquids.

Water is the final liquid and is the main symbol for most religions other than Candomblé (which is blood). Water can be used to gaze into during consultas as it is believed looking into water can help attain wisdom or information. Water symbolizes life as it has the ability to heal but it can also represent the ability to avoid death.

Hierarchy[edit]

The hierarchy of many of these religions is family based and can be seen by the addressing of leaders in Candomblé as "mother" and "father". Also many leaders of these religions are female as a mother figure is needed.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kelly E. Hayes, "Black Magic and the Academy: Macumba and Afro-Brazilian “Orthodoxies," History of Religions, 46,4 (2007), 283–315.
  • “Macumba - Definition and Synonyms of Macumba in the English Dictionary.” English Dictionary, englishdictionary.education/en/macumba.
  • Shapiro, Dolores J. “Blood, Oil, Honey, and Water: Symbolism in Spirit Possession Sects in Northeastern Brazil.” Wiley, November 1995

External links[edit]

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