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La Sonora Dinamita - Macumba ft. Susana Zabaleta
La Sonora Dinamita - Macumba ft. Susana Zabaleta
Published: 2016/10/21
Channel: SonoraDinamitaVEVO
Jean Pierre Mader - Macumba (1984 ClipVideo)
Jean Pierre Mader - Macumba (1984 ClipVideo)
Published: 2009/03/17
Channel: MickyClubMix
Veronica Castro - Macumba (Clip Original) (P.E. Jose @  DJ Mix)
Veronica Castro - Macumba (Clip Original) (P.E. Jose @ DJ Mix)
Published: 2011/09/09
Channel: Jose Cambronero
NANA
NANA' Feat. AMEDEO ARDAGNA - MACUMBA
Published: 2018/02/07
Channel: Musitalia Channel
Macumba Jean-pierre Mader paroles
Macumba Jean-pierre Mader paroles
Published: 2011/01/26
Channel: sowwmaboule
Macumba do ovo podre pra Separar Casal - fortíssima (11) 3255-2005.
Macumba do ovo podre pra Separar Casal - fortíssima (11) 3255-2005.
Published: 2015/07/15
Channel: Pai Francisco Borges Oficial
Macumba pra pomba gira no cemitério pra separar casal
Macumba pra pomba gira no cemitério pra separar casal
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: Mac Kaiver Pfiffer
Macumba de saint julien en genevois , reportage sur les dernières heures d
Macumba de saint julien en genevois , reportage sur les dernières heures d'un lieu mythique.
Published: 2016/02/18
Channel: Air-v Bypass
Jean-Pierre MADER - "Macumba"
Jean-Pierre MADER - "Macumba"
Published: 2012/12/26
Channel: Yann M.
OLHA O QUE ACONTECE COM QUE VIVE MACUMBA 24 HRS
OLHA O QUE ACONTECE COM QUE VIVE MACUMBA 24 HRS
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: EDY PINHEIRO
VERÓNICA CASTRO - MACUMBA
VERÓNICA CASTRO - MACUMBA
Published: 2010/02/09
Channel: haceveinte
VOCÊ PEGARIA DINHEIRO DE UMA MACUMBA?
VOCÊ PEGARIA DINHEIRO DE UMA MACUMBA?
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: Segunda Animada
Pegadinha Macumba Delivery Essa é Pra Rir....
Pegadinha Macumba Delivery Essa é Pra Rir....
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: Nilson Campos
MACUMBA Sonora Dinamita con Margarita la Diosa de la Cumbia
MACUMBA Sonora Dinamita con Margarita la Diosa de la Cumbia
Published: 2016/01/04
Channel: mydizzymelody
Macumba- Grupo Audaz
Macumba- Grupo Audaz
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: Alejandro Gutierrez Gandara
A Casa da MACUMBA  💀 - Caçadores de Lendas (Cenas Reais)
A Casa da MACUMBA 💀 - Caçadores de Lendas (Cenas Reais)
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: Renato Garcia
TERREIRO DONA TEREZA MACUMBA CANDOMBLÉ Ley
TERREIRO DONA TEREZA MACUMBA CANDOMBLÉ Ley
Published: 2015/01/27
Channel: Wellesley Barros
PR MARINALVA DESMANCHANDO MACUMBA NO CEMITERIO!!
PR MARINALVA DESMANCHANDO MACUMBA NO CEMITERIO!!
Published: 2015/11/24
Channel: renato
O que é Macumba | Filha de Oyá
O que é Macumba | Filha de Oyá
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: Carol Filha de Oyá
Veronica Castro - MACUMBA
Veronica Castro - MACUMBA
Published: 2013/06/09
Channel: VERÓNICA C
VERONICA CASTRO "MACUMBA"
VERONICA CASTRO "MACUMBA"
Published: 2009/09/03
Channel: JURADISTADECORAZON
GRUPO AUDAZ DE RIGO DOMINGUEZ - MACUMBA (Album Completo) (P)1986
GRUPO AUDAZ DE RIGO DOMINGUEZ - MACUMBA (Album Completo) (P)1986
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: Enrique Ramirez
"Macumba" by Titanic (Norway, 1973)
"Macumba" by Titanic (Norway, 1973)
Published: 2010/01/18
Channel: isabelbc
Tierra Canela -  Mosaico Cumbias: Las Velas Encendidas,Macumba,El Desamor
Tierra Canela - Mosaico Cumbias: Las Velas Encendidas,Macumba,El Desamor
Published: 2010/07/15
Channel: Pedro Negron
TERREIRO DE MACUMBA EVANGÉLICO
TERREIRO DE MACUMBA EVANGÉLICO
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: No entanto
Tantra - Macumba / 12" 1982
Tantra - Macumba / 12" 1982
Published: 2008/12/28
Channel: Pleasuredome05
MACUMBA PARA A  DILMA
MACUMBA PARA A DILMA
Published: 2015/10/10
Channel: Leomar Tavares
MISSÃO TRILHA DA MACUMBA - CAÇADORES DE LENDAS (DEU RUIM)
MISSÃO TRILHA DA MACUMBA - CAÇADORES DE LENDAS (DEU RUIM)
Published: 2018/01/22
Channel: Renato Garcia
Macumba Los Diamantes de Valencia Volumen 18 montaje edit
Macumba Los Diamantes de Valencia Volumen 18 montaje edit
Published: 2017/12/01
Channel: dj irving molina
A MATA DA MACUMBA ✝️ O INESPERADO ACONTECEU!
A MATA DA MACUMBA ✝️ O INESPERADO ACONTECEU!
Published: 2017/10/23
Channel: Luan Mendes
pegadinha macumba.mpg
pegadinha macumba.mpg
Published: 2011/09/26
Channel: Víctor Barreto
Sonora Dinamita - Macumba en vivo
Sonora Dinamita - Macumba en vivo
Published: 2010/09/30
Channel: Aguila AJ
Goleiro faz BRUXARIA (Macumba) para não tomar GOL
Goleiro faz BRUXARIA (Macumba) para não tomar GOL
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: Gol7i
ENCONTRAMOS COISAS DE MACUMBA NA CASA!
ENCONTRAMOS COISAS DE MACUMBA NA CASA!
Published: 2018/02/09
Channel: Carol Capel
PEGADINHA DA MACUMBA - Black magic prank
PEGADINHA DA MACUMBA - Black magic prank
Published: 2017/04/13
Channel: Edu Primitivo
🎥 Anitta Frequenta Terreiro De Macumba. E Vai disfarçada.
🎥 Anitta Frequenta Terreiro De Macumba. E Vai disfarçada.
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: LINDON OFICIAL - Tio Do Tirullipa
DESMANCHE DE MACUMBA AREA SENTIMENTAL CENAS FORTE PR MARINALVA
DESMANCHE DE MACUMBA AREA SENTIMENTAL CENAS FORTE PR MARINALVA
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: renato
ACHEI UMA MACUMBA COM O MEU NOME! 😱
ACHEI UMA MACUMBA COM O MEU NOME! 😱
Published: 2017/11/03
Channel: Chamos
DESMANCHE DE MACUMBA PR MARINALVA
DESMANCHE DE MACUMBA PR MARINALVA
Published: 2015/11/24
Channel: renato
O POSSUIDO ✞ E A CASA DA MACUMBA 💀
O POSSUIDO ✞ E A CASA DA MACUMBA 💀
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: Renato Garcia
ORAÇÃO PARA DESFAZER MACUMBA, TRABALHO FEITOS E ORAÇÃO PARA A CURA DOS VÍCIOS BEBIDA E DROGAS
ORAÇÃO PARA DESFAZER MACUMBA, TRABALHO FEITOS E ORAÇÃO PARA A CURA DOS VÍCIOS BEBIDA E DROGAS
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: Alexandra F. Gonzaga
Pastora vai ao cemitério para desfazer a macumba do PÊNIS AMARRADO
Pastora vai ao cemitério para desfazer a macumba do PÊNIS AMARRADO
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: Nilton Cesar Santana COMPARTILHANDO INFORMAÇÕES
A TRILHA DA MACUMBA 2 - Caçadores de Lendas
A TRILHA DA MACUMBA 2 - Caçadores de Lendas
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Renato Garcia
FIZERAM MACUMBA PARA MIM
FIZERAM MACUMBA PARA MIM
Published: 2018/01/12
Channel: Histórias da Andy
macumba.flv sonora dinamita
macumba.flv sonora dinamita
Published: 2010/10/01
Channel: jorge valle
"KLEBER LUCAS" no terreiro de candomblé; Cantor GOSPEL, Kleber Lucas, na Macumba
"KLEBER LUCAS" no terreiro de candomblé; Cantor GOSPEL, Kleber Lucas, na Macumba
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: CENTRAL M.O
A MACUMBA - ALGO DEU MUITO ERRADO NA GRAVAÇÃO... 💀
A MACUMBA - ALGO DEU MUITO ERRADO NA GRAVAÇÃO... 💀
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Luan Mendes
⭐MACUMBA⭐?
⭐MACUMBA⭐?
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: Kid Boy Checheu
QUANDO OROCHI SAI DA MACUMBA E VAI PRO DUELO  ● HD
QUANDO OROCHI SAI DA MACUMBA E VAI PRO DUELO ● HD
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: Batalha Da Zoeira
Rigo Dominguez "macumba"
Rigo Dominguez "macumba"
Published: 2013/02/02
Channel: ROGELIO ROCHA
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Macumba
Type Syncretic
Classification Afro-Brazilian-witchcraft
Orientation Quimbanda-Occultism
Region Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay
Origin 20th century
Brazil

Macumba (Portuguese pronunciation: [maˈkũᵐbɐ]) is a word that has a dual meaning. It can be used when describing a musical instrument or a form of witchcraft (or magic). Before it was used for a single religion Macumba was originally used to categorize all religions who practiced or believed in animistic-syncretism during the 1800’s. In the 1900’s Macumba became a slang term among Brazilians who aren’t affiliated with these religions. The religions that are refereed to under the umbrella term Macumba are Candomblé, Giro, and Mesa Blanca.

In Brazil[edit]

A black hen sacrifice as a Quimbanda ritual in a graveyard in Florianopolis, Brazil

Macumba is practiced in Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay. There appears to be a relationship with the concept of the Boto (the fresh-water porpoise found in the Amazonas River and its tributaries) having shape-shifting abilities and then while in the form of a human male having sexual relations with young women. This belief was noted in several Indigenous American villages along the Amazonas (Solimões) River, Rio Negro, and Rio Japurá.

Macumba is widely practiced throughout the Southern Cone. Many practitioners continue to practice their traditional religions (Christianity, Islam, Judaism, etc.) but also practice Macumba, often in violation of the tenets of their official religious affiliations but which their social environment appears to quietly accept.

Some practitioners purport to use Macumba to inflict harm, financial failure, illness, death, etc. on other people for various reasons. Commonly, a Macumba spiritual leader will ask for a picture of the person on whom retribution is sought, with the name of the person written on the back of the picture. This kind of practice is often seen as sorcery or black magic.

Practices[edit]

Out of all the religions grouped into Macumba only followers of Candomblé sacrifice animals during their rituals. Animals are also sacrificed during Consultas. In Candomblé blood is a very sacred and symbolic item and is used as often as possible. Blood to these followers represents life pure essence and a bond that unites them all together as family.

Giro on the other hand use palm tree oil(azeite de dendé) in their rituals, this is because using blood has formed a negative stigma around Candomblé as many people associate animal sacrifice with savagery and see it as backwards. This dependence on blood and animal sacrifice has led to a loss of converts and a stigma to form around Candomblé and its followers. Since dendé is a similar hue to blood it works well as a replacement in many rituals that would require it. This also allows followers of Giro to practice without fear of being stigmatized.

Mesa Blanca on the other hand believes that blood and dendé can bring evil and misfortune on those who dare to use it in rituals. Dendé for example is linked to aggressive spirits of slaves, as well as other evils that the group has shunned and removed from their practices. The movement away from these two mediums can be seen as a way to distance themselves from Afro-Brazilian religions and the Macumba itself.

Honey is also important to these religions as it represents the spirits of Native Indians, the use of honey can be for healing as well as reconciliation. Honey is an entirely different color than blood and Dendé so it is not associated with the evils of first two liquids.

Water is the final liquid and is the main symbol for most religions other than Candomblé (which is blood). Water can be used to gaze into during consultas as it is believed looking into water can help attain wisdom or information. Water symbolizes life as it has the ability to heal but it can also represent the ability to avoid death.

Hierarchy[edit]

The hierarchy of many of these religions is family based and can be seen by the addressing of leaders in Candomblé as "mother" and "father". Also many leaders of these religions are female as a mother figure is needed.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kelly E. Hayes, "Black Magic and the Academy: Macumba and Afro-Brazilian “Orthodoxies," History of Religions, 46,4 (2007), 283–315.
  • “Macumba - Definition and Synonyms of Macumba in the English Dictionary.” English Dictionary, englishdictionary.education/en/macumba.
  • Shapiro, Dolores J. “Blood, Oil, Honey, and Water: Symbolism in Spirit Possession Sects in Northeastern Brazil.” Wiley, November 1995

External links[edit]

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