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|— District of Bihar —|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Madhubani, Jhanjharpur|
|• Assembly seats||Harlakhi, Benipatti, Khajauli, Babubarhi, Bisfi, Madhubani, Rajnagar, Jhanjharpur, Phulparas, Laukaha|
|• Total||3,501 km2 (1,352 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 ( 3,300/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||60.9 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||925|
|Major highways||NH 104, NH 105|
|Average annual precipitation||1273 mm|
Madhubani District is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Madhubani town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Madhubani district is a part of Darbhanga Division. The district occupies an area of 3501 km² and has a population of 3,570,651 (as of 2001[update]). This is the centre of Mithila, a region where the main language is Maithili.
Rivers:Kamala, Bhutahi Balaan, Bachharaja, Balaan, Tirsulla, Jeevachh.Kosi,Dhous, Ghaghra
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Madhubani one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
According to the 2011 census Madhubani district has a population of 4,476,044, roughly equal to the nation of Croatia or the US state of Louisiana. This gives it a ranking of 37th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,279 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,310 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.19%. Madhubani has a sex ratio of 925 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 60.9%.
Madhubani district comprises the following Sub-Divisions:
Blocks include Jainagar, Khajauli, Pandaul, Rahika, Bisfi, Benipatti, Basopatti, Babubarhi, Rajnagar, Madhepur, Khutauna, Jhanjharpur, Ghoghardiha, Ladania, Madhwapur, Harlakhi, Laukahi, Andharatharhi, Lakhnaur, Phulparas, Kaluahi, Mansapur, Karmauli, Sisbar, Sijolia, Garatol, Barhampur
The "Madhubani" style of paintings derives its name from this region as the style originated there, in the early 17th century. These paintings are made using vegetable dyes, lamp black, and the canvas is usually cloth or paper. These days, several of the well-known "Madhubani" paintings are used as motifs on bags, kurtas (an Indian garment for covering the upper half of the body), and other materials produced using the hand-block painting technique. With ethnic-chic being in vogue, such products are all the rage, these days, not just with the Indians, but also in the export market.[original research?]
Bhoura Garh, Madhubani was once capital of Mithila.
Madhubani is also famous for Makhana and sweet water fish the smaller varieties are also relished much. Madhubani lokgeet are based on Hindustani Classical raags. There is not much of music being made in Maithili language, the main language of the district. The wedding songs sung by Shadhana Sargam continues to be played at almost all the weddings.
The people of this district are very religious and follow the rituals with faith, pomp and show.[original research?] Durgapuja, Mahashivratri, Holi, Ramnavami, Krishnashtmi, Dipawali and Chhath are festivals enjoyed by people with involvement from all. In a few village like Sonamati of Babubarhi block, idols of Lord Krishna, Nand baba and other God and goddess are made with soil and bamboo stick and a fair is organized on the eve of Krishnashtmi. Almost all Hindu villages of this district have a Shivalaya where people go for Jalbhishek every morning.
The people of this district are generally peace loving and are not risk takers; that is the reason, the migrants from this region generally are educated with very few people in the business/trading.[original research?] The stereotype of Bihar people being uncultured rough and tough etc. is actually not applicable to people of this district.[original research?]
Muslims of this district also practice their festivals of Id & Muharram with great pomp and show. Hindu of their village and surrounding also share their festivals with joy.
One more thing is Saurath Sabha in which almost every year, during suddha or auspicious days for the settling of marriages, thousands of Maithil Brahmans gather at Sabha Gaachchi in Saurath. The Panjikaras (the person maintaining "Panji" or genealogical record) plays a very important role in fixing of marriage since it is obligatory for every person desirous of marriage to get a certificate called asvajajanapatra (non-relationship) from a panjikara, stating that there is no “blood relationship”, as per the prescribed rules of prohibited degrees of relationship, between the bride and groom. There is a fixed sitting place – dera – for every village in the sabha. The timing and number of days etc. are decided in a general meeting of the scholars and pandits of Mithila in accordance with the traditional astrological almanac – Pachanga.
|Sitamarhi district||Supaul district|
|Darbhanga district||Saharsa district|
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