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Conversations in Black Freedom Studies: Black Women Radicals Gloria Richardson and Mae Mallory
Conversations in Black Freedom Studies: Black Women Radicals Gloria Richardson and Mae Mallory
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: Schomburg Center
Squirtle Cookies Time Lapse by ButterWinks
Squirtle Cookies Time Lapse by ButterWinks
Published: 2016/08/18
Channel: ButterWinks! Custom Cookies &Cupcakes
Cake Masters Magazine 2014 - Cookie Award Mallory Mae Acceptance Speech
Cake Masters Magazine 2014 - Cookie Award Mallory Mae Acceptance Speech
Published: 2015/02/20
Channel: Cake Masters Magazine
Mallory Mae Lynn Logan
Mallory Mae Lynn Logan
Published: 2012/03/29
Channel: David Logan
Mallory Mae Lynn Logan
Mallory Mae Lynn Logan
Published: 2010/05/16
Channel: David Logan
Kylie Mae and Mallory Mae
Kylie Mae and Mallory Mae
Published: 2008/08/06
Channel: OMGiitsKyyyx3
Happy 15th birthday Mallory Mae
Happy 15th birthday Mallory Mae
Published: 2010/09/23
Channel: WeepingWidow1973
Ava and Mallory food challenge(2)
Ava and Mallory food challenge(2)
Published: 2017/10/09
Channel: The Ya Ya Girl
Mallory Everhart - "Language Lesson" (NPS 2015)
Mallory Everhart - "Language Lesson" (NPS 2015)
Published: 2015/08/31
Channel: Button Poetry
Jordyn Mallory- I Won
Jordyn Mallory- I Won't Forget My Prayers- Official Music Video
Published: 2015/02/18
Channel: JordynMallory
The Bro Who Lurked Through the Woods
The Bro Who Lurked Through the Woods
Published: 2010/10/07
Channel: Getpuh69
GRANDMA SELENA MALLORY
GRANDMA SELENA MALLORY'S HOMEGOING CELEBRATION
Published: 2016/12/12
Channel: Berealtoit
"Baby Praise" ....by.... Mother Mallory
"Baby Praise" ....by.... Mother Mallory
Published: 2013/09/22
Channel: Arkeshia James
Mallory loves the redsox!
Mallory loves the redsox!
Published: 2011/02/24
Channel: Kevin McGree
2 of 2: Scenes from "Hello, Sister!" (1933) James Dunn, Boots Mallory, ZaSu Pitts, Minna Gombell
2 of 2: Scenes from "Hello, Sister!" (1933) James Dunn, Boots Mallory, ZaSu Pitts, Minna Gombell
Published: 2011/08/22
Channel: TheManhattanThrush
Pilots for Christ  Mallory Mixon
Pilots for Christ Mallory Mixon
Published: 2014/03/22
Channel: Johnny Sales
Tony and Mallory
Tony and Mallory
Published: 2017/09/22
Channel: WeepingWidow1973
Melanie Martinez - Alphabet Boy (Official Video)
Melanie Martinez - Alphabet Boy (Official Video)
Published: 2016/06/02
Channel: melanie martinez
Mallory Keith
Mallory Keith's Baptism @ Soulfire Church
Published: 2017/06/11
Channel: Soulfire
The Mother of New Afrika Queen Mother Moore Speaks
The Mother of New Afrika Queen Mother Moore Speaks
Published: 2016/07/28
Channel: Haki Kweli Shakur
Happy Birthday Mallory!
Happy Birthday Mallory!
Published: 2017/02/16
Channel: Lily Mae Jones
Mallory...Hey Baby!
Mallory...Hey Baby!
Published: 2011/11/17
Channel: Jamie Haddock
Carrie Underwood - Keep Us Safe (Cover by Mallory Kate)
Carrie Underwood - Keep Us Safe (Cover by Mallory Kate)
Published: 2015/01/13
Channel: Mallory Kate
Afternoon Routine With Baby Alive
Afternoon Routine With Baby Alive
Published: 2015/05/28
Channel: Kelli Maple
Save the Date - Mallory + Brant
Save the Date - Mallory + Brant
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Mallory McLaughlin
Jordyn Mallory "Rain Is Bad For Me" Music Video
Jordyn Mallory "Rain Is Bad For Me" Music Video
Published: 2013/09/25
Channel: JordynMallory
Grandma Selena Mallory
Grandma Selena Mallory's Home Going Service - One More River To Cross / It's In My Heart /
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: Berealtoit
white eyeliner smokey look? | MALLORY ARMSTRONG
white eyeliner smokey look? | MALLORY ARMSTRONG
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: Mallory Armstrong
MALLORY WINROW 2015
MALLORY WINROW 2015
Published: 2015/08/28
Channel: WE DESIGN
GETTING OUR ENGLISH BULLDOG PUPPY! | VLOG
GETTING OUR ENGLISH BULLDOG PUPPY! | VLOG
Published: 2016/03/06
Channel: Mallory1712
WKDZ Texaco Country Showdown - Mallory Taylor
WKDZ Texaco Country Showdown - Mallory Taylor
Published: 2013/07/06
Channel: WKDZNEWS
Sweetheart Mallory, Her 6 Puppies Rescued from Stuffed Shelter
Sweetheart Mallory, Her 6 Puppies Rescued from Stuffed Shelter
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: Helen Woodward Animal Center
Mallory
Mallory's Birthday Video
Published: 2017/06/17
Channel: Alyssa Gormley
Yodeling Mallory Haley * 2000 Old Time Country Music Festival, Avoca Iowa
Yodeling Mallory Haley * 2000 Old Time Country Music Festival, Avoca Iowa
Published: 2008/05/08
Channel: BY1NO1
Behind the Scenes: MAE Day
Behind the Scenes: MAE Day
Published: 2014/10/04
Channel: watchjobhunters
SSS17 || HOW TO THROW A KILLER DINNER PARTY w/ SWAG BAGS!
SSS17 || HOW TO THROW A KILLER DINNER PARTY w/ SWAG BAGS!
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: Mallory Boren
2017 CMA Music Festival in Nashville, TN
2017 CMA Music Festival in Nashville, TN
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: tenchired11
Bishop Harmon and Joyce Greene celebrating Mr Elsey in Delaware
Bishop Harmon and Joyce Greene celebrating Mr Elsey in Delaware
Published: 2012/10/04
Channel: LifeServesYou
Jessi Mallory - Polk Salad Annie - Flaming Star Festival
Jessi Mallory - Polk Salad Annie - Flaming Star Festival
Published: 2015/11/14
Channel: Jessi Mallory
TALK PGH - Brookline - Nathan Mallory
TALK PGH - Brookline - Nathan Mallory
Published: 2015/07/09
Channel: TALKPGH
Happy Birthday Mallory
Happy Birthday Mallory
Published: 2010/11/08
Channel: jonssellers
Happy birthday Mallory :)
Happy birthday Mallory :)
Published: 2012/02/22
Channel: jaechx08
Genesis COGIC 29 May Msny Mallory
Genesis COGIC 29 May Msny Mallory
Published: 2016/05/30
Channel: Genesis COGIC
Mallory knocked a tooth loose
Mallory knocked a tooth loose
Published: 2013/03/11
Channel: samantha0401
Spnrp characters
Spnrp characters
Published: 2015/11/12
Channel: laila heart
In Loving Memory of Mallory Rae Dies
In Loving Memory of Mallory Rae Dies
Published: 2013/12/13
Channel: Lizette Rubio
The Real Thing
The Real Thing
Published: 2016/04/27
Channel: The Amalgamates
Mallory Ledford, age 11, sings Amazing Grace (for Phil Cross)
Mallory Ledford, age 11, sings Amazing Grace (for Phil Cross)
Published: 2008/12/14
Channel: thewdynsweetheart
Mall Haul with my friend Mallory!
Mall Haul with my friend Mallory!
Published: 2013/07/10
Channel: makemeglow00
Katy Perry ~ Roar Acoustic Cover by Mallory
Katy Perry ~ Roar Acoustic Cover by Mallory
Published: 2013/08/30
Channel: MalxByrne
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Mae Mallory (June 9, 1927 – 2007) was an activist of the Civil Rights Movement[1][2] and a Black Power movement leader active in the 1950s and 1960s. She is best known as an advocate of school desegregation[3] and of black armed self-defense.[4]

Life[edit]

Mallory was born in Macon, Georgia, on June 9, 1927. She later went to live in New York City with her mother in 1939.

In 1956, Mallory was a founder and spokesperson of the "Harlem 9", a group of African-American mothers who protested the inferior and inadequate conditions in segregated New York City schools. Inspired by a report by Kenneth and Mamie Clark on inexperienced teachers, overcrowded classrooms, dilapidated conditions, and gerrymandering to promote segregation in New York, the group sought to transfer their children to integrated schools that offered higher quality resources.[3]

"Harlem 9" activism included lawsuits against the city and state, filed with the help of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). By 1958 it escalated to public protests and a 162-day boycott involving 10,000 parents. The boycott campaign did not win formal support from the NAACP, but was assisted by leaders such as Ella Baker and Adam Clayton Powell, and endorsed by African-American newspapers such as the Amsterdam News.[5] While the children were engaged in another boycott in 1960, the campaign established some of the first freedom schools of the civil rights movement to educate them.[3]

New York City retaliated against the mothers, trying and failing to prosecute them for negligence. In 1960, Mallory and the Harlem 9 won their lawsuit, and the Board of Education allowed them, and over a thousand other parents, to transfer their children to integrated schools. That year, the Board of Education announced a general policy of Open Enrollment, and thousands more black children transferred to integrated schools over the next five years. (Overall integration in the city was thwarted, however, by the practice of white flight.)[3][6]

She supported Robert F. Williams, the Monroe, North Carolina NAACP chapter leader, and author of Negroes with Guns,[7] During the Freedom Rides in August 1961, she worked with Williams in protecting Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) activists who were demonstrating in Monroe. This led to armed confrontations with white supremacists and allegations of kidnapping a white couple.

She went to Ohio, and was supported by the Monroe Defense Committee, and the Workers World Party,[8] in her extradition and kidnapping trial. In 1961–65, she was jailed for kidnapping, but was later released after the North Carolina Supreme Court determined racial discrimination in the jury selection.[9][10] COINTELPRO tried to break up the support group Committee to Support the Monroe Defendants.[11]

She mentored Yuri Kochiyama.[12]

She was a friend of Madalyn Murray O'Hair.[13] On February 21, 1965, Mallory was present at the assassination of Malcolm X at the Audubon Ballroom. In April 1965, she was instrumental in a Times Square protest against the 1965 United States occupation of the Dominican Republic. On August 8, 1966, she spoke at an anti-Vietnam War rally.[4]

She was an organizer of the Sixth Pan-African Congress held in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, in 1974.[14] In 1974, she lived in Mwanza, Tanzania.[15]

Her papers are held at the Walter P. Reuther Library at Wayne State University.[16]

Works[edit]

  • Letters from Prison, Mae Mallory. Monroe Defense Committee, c. 1962.

Paula Marie Seniors, “African American Women Radical Activists (1958-1987): Mae Mallory, the Monroe Defense Committee, and World Revolutions, The University of Georgia Press, Forthcoming

Paula Marie Seniors, “Mae Mallory and “The Southern Belle Fantasy Trope” at The Cuyahoga County Jail 21st and Payne PAIN,” From Uncle Tom's Cabin to The Help: Critical Perspectives on White-Authored Narratives of Black Life, Claire Garcia, Vershawn Young, editors, Palgrave Macmillan, August 2014.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "THE MAE MALLORY COLLECTION Papers, 1961–1967", Walter P. Reuther Library, Wayne State University.
  2. ^ Foong, Yie, M.A., "Frame up in Monroe: The Mae Mallory Story", Sarah Lawrence College.
  3. ^ a b c d Melissa F. Weiner, Power, Protest, and the Public Schools: Jewish and African American Struggles in New York City (Rutgers University Press, 2010) pp. 51-66.
  4. ^ a b Jeanette Merrill and Rosemary Neidenberg, "Mae Mallory: unforgettable freedom fighter promoted self-defense", Workers World, February 26, 2009.
  5. ^ Patrick G. Coy (ed.), Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change (Emerald Group, 2011), pp. 305-312.
  6. ^ Adina Back, "Exposing the Whole Segregation Myth: The Harlem Nine and New York City Schools" in Jeanne Theoharis, Komozi Woodard (eds), Freedom North: Black freedom struggles outside the South, 1940-1980 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003), pp. 65-91.
  7. ^ Kevin Kelly Gaines, American Africans in Ghana: Black expatriates and the civil rights era (University North Carolina Press, 2006), pp. 146–149.
  8. ^ A. T. Simpson, "After one year of hell Mae Mallory is still a champion", Workers World, October 26, 1962.
  9. ^ James Forman, The Making of Black Revolutionaries (University of Washington Press, 1997), pp. 206-210.
  10. ^ "From the NAACP To The Monroe Defense Committee: African American Women’s Activism".
  11. ^ Ward Churchill, Jim Vander Wall (2002). The COINTELPRO papers: documents from the FBI's secret wars against dissent in the United States. South End Press. ISBN 978-0-89608-648-7. 
  12. ^ Diane Carol Fujino (2005). Heartbeat of Struggle: the revolutionary life of Yuri Kochiyama. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 978-0-8166-4593-0. 
  13. ^ Ann Rowe Seaman (2005). America's Most Hated Woman: the life and gruesome death of Madalyn Murray O'Hair. Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-8264-1644-5. 
  14. ^ "Some Personal Reflections on the Sixth Pan-African Congress", Encyclopædia Britannica.
  15. ^ Black World, October 1974.
  16. ^ Mae Mallory Papers. Walter P. Reuther Library, Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs, Wayne State University.

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