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Conversations in Black Freedom Studies: Black Women Radicals Gloria Richardson and Mae Mallory
Conversations in Black Freedom Studies: Black Women Radicals Gloria Richardson and Mae Mallory
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: Schomburg Center
Cake Masters Magazine 2014 - Cookie Award Mallory Mae Acceptance Speech
Cake Masters Magazine 2014 - Cookie Award Mallory Mae Acceptance Speech
Published: 2015/02/20
Channel: Cake Masters Magazine
Squirtle Cookies Time Lapse by ButterWinks
Squirtle Cookies Time Lapse by ButterWinks
Published: 2016/08/18
Channel: ButterWinks! Custom Cookies &Cupcakes
Kylie Mae and Mallory Mae
Kylie Mae and Mallory Mae
Published: 2008/08/06
Channel: OMGiitsKyyyx3
Mallory Mae Lynn Logan
Mallory Mae Lynn Logan
Published: 2010/05/16
Channel: David Logan
Mallory Everhart - "Language Lesson" (NPS 2015)
Mallory Everhart - "Language Lesson" (NPS 2015)
Published: 2015/08/31
Channel: Button Poetry
Mallory Mae Lynn Logan
Mallory Mae Lynn Logan
Published: 2012/03/29
Channel: David Logan
Mallory Kampschroeder
Mallory Kampschroeder
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: Joani Woemmel
Mallory at dance recital #1
Mallory at dance recital #1
Published: 2011/06/05
Channel: Scott Devers
SSS17 || HOW TO THROW A KILLER DINNER PARTY w/ SWAG BAGS!
SSS17 || HOW TO THROW A KILLER DINNER PARTY w/ SWAG BAGS!
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: Mallory Boren
Genesis COGIC 29 May Msny Mallory
Genesis COGIC 29 May Msny Mallory
Published: 2016/05/30
Channel: Genesis COGIC
Jordyn Mallory "Rain Is Bad For Me" Music Video
Jordyn Mallory "Rain Is Bad For Me" Music Video
Published: 2013/09/25
Channel: JordynMallory
Grandma Selena Mallory
Grandma Selena Mallory's Home Going Service - One More River To Cross / It's In My Heart /
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: Berealtoit
The Real Thing
The Real Thing
Published: 2016/04/27
Channel: The Amalgamates
The Bro Who Lurked Through the Woods
The Bro Who Lurked Through the Woods
Published: 2010/10/07
Channel: Getpuh69
Melanie Martinez - Cry Baby (Official Video)
Melanie Martinez - Cry Baby (Official Video)
Published: 2016/03/14
Channel: melanie martinez
Mallory Maynard performance
Mallory Maynard performance
Published: 2012/09/12
Channel: Marshfield Mail
Happy Birthday Mallory!
Happy Birthday Mallory!
Published: 2017/02/16
Channel: Lily Mae Jones
Carrie Underwood - Keep Us Safe (Cover by Mallory Kate)
Carrie Underwood - Keep Us Safe (Cover by Mallory Kate)
Published: 2015/01/13
Channel: Mallory Kate
The Mother of New Afrika Queen Mother Moore Speaks
The Mother of New Afrika Queen Mother Moore Speaks
Published: 2016/07/28
Channel: Haki Kweli Shakur
Mallory & Clints New Friend
Mallory & Clints New Friend
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: Herding School
Melanie Martinez - Carousel (Official Video)
Melanie Martinez - Carousel (Official Video)
Published: 2014/10/15
Channel: melanie martinez
Ava and Mallory food challenge(2)
Ava and Mallory food challenge(2)
Published: 2017/10/09
Channel: The Ya Ya Girl
Pilots for Christ  Mallory Mixon
Pilots for Christ Mallory Mixon
Published: 2014/03/22
Channel: Johnny Sales
MALLORY WINROW 2015
MALLORY WINROW 2015
Published: 2015/08/28
Channel: WE DESIGN
Shelter by Birdy (Cover) - Chelsea Mallory
Shelter by Birdy (Cover) - Chelsea Mallory
Published: 2013/08/28
Channel: Chelsea W
Mallory Faith McBride Memorial Scholarship
Mallory Faith McBride Memorial Scholarship
Published: 2015/06/11
Channel: Kathy Shelton
Miley Cyrus - We Can’t Stop (Director’s Cut)
Miley Cyrus - We Can’t Stop (Director’s Cut)
Published: 2013/07/29
Channel: MileyCyrusVEVO
Small Arms of WWI Primer 063: U.S. Krag–Jørgensen Model 1898
Small Arms of WWI Primer 063: U.S. Krag–Jørgensen Model 1898
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: C&Rsenal
Get to know me | Mallory | M3 Productions
Get to know me | Mallory | M3 Productions
Published: 2016/06/21
Channel: M3 Productions
Mallory Watches Backyardigans
Mallory Watches Backyardigans
Published: 2013/03/22
Channel: baileychadwick
Bishop Harmon and Joyce Greene celebrating Mr Elsey in Delaware
Bishop Harmon and Joyce Greene celebrating Mr Elsey in Delaware
Published: 2012/10/04
Channel: LifeServesYou
Save the Date - Mallory + Brant
Save the Date - Mallory + Brant
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Mallory McLaughlin
A Narrative History of Black Power in America: Identity, Culture, Equality, Integration (2007)
A Narrative History of Black Power in America: Identity, Culture, Equality, Integration (2007)
Published: 2015/09/29
Channel: Way Back
ITS A SMALL WORLD AFTER ALL
ITS A SMALL WORLD AFTER ALL
Published: 2016/09/09
Channel: Gardner Quad Squad
Mallory
Mallory's Birthday Video
Published: 2017/06/17
Channel: Alyssa Gormley
Mitch and Mallory Like We Never Loved at All
Mitch and Mallory Like We Never Loved at All
Published: 2010/02/18
Channel: Mallory Burke
Mallory and Tommy
Mallory and Tommy's Wedding at Mediterra in Naples, Florida
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: Visualanties
Mallory sings "Wrong Side of Memphis"
Mallory sings "Wrong Side of Memphis"
Published: 2010/10/16
Channel: Jenny L
mallory e. sings wind beneath my wings
mallory e. sings wind beneath my wings
Published: 2008/03/09
Channel: Jeff Enriquez
Mallory and Emily Moments
Mallory and Emily Moments
Published: 2011/01/17
Channel: emily mae
Mallory
Mallory
Published: 2010/12/11
Channel: picturesofyoustudio
GRANDMA SELENA MALLORY
GRANDMA SELENA MALLORY'S HOMEGOING CELEBRATION
Published: 2016/12/12
Channel: Berealtoit
All About That Beard ("All About that Bass" Parody)
All About That Beard ("All About that Bass" Parody)
Published: 2014/12/23
Channel: Skinny Legs Sketch Show
Mallory & Kate
Mallory & Kate's Newton Project
Published: 2012/10/17
Channel: lovelyleeladies
Spnrp characters
Spnrp characters
Published: 2015/11/12
Channel: laila heart
BMQ TIME TO HOPE "Jazz"
BMQ TIME TO HOPE "Jazz"
Published: 2017/09/25
Channel: Mallory Storm
Westies Mallory and Myra
Westies Mallory and Myra
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: Willow Wood Scotties and Westies
2 of 2: Scenes from "Hello, Sister!" (1933) James Dunn, Boots Mallory, ZaSu Pitts, Minna Gombell
2 of 2: Scenes from "Hello, Sister!" (1933) James Dunn, Boots Mallory, ZaSu Pitts, Minna Gombell
Published: 2011/08/22
Channel: TheManhattanThrush
Mallory Keith
Mallory Keith's Baptism @ Soulfire Church
Published: 2017/06/11
Channel: Soulfire
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Mae Mallory (June 9, 1927 – 2007) was an activist of the Civil Rights Movement[1][2] and a Black Power movement leader active in the 1950s and 1960s. She is best known as an advocate of school desegregation[3] and of black armed self-defense.[4]

Life[edit]

Mallory was born in Macon, Georgia, on June 9, 1927. She later went to live in New York City with her mother in 1939.

In 1956, Mallory was a founder and spokesperson of the "Harlem 9", a group of African-American mothers who protested the inferior and inadequate conditions in segregated New York City schools. Inspired by a report by Kenneth and Mamie Clark on inexperienced teachers, overcrowded classrooms, dilapidated conditions, and gerrymandering to promote segregation in New York, the group sought to transfer their children to integrated schools that offered higher quality resources.[3]

"Harlem 9" activism included lawsuits against the city and state, filed with the help of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). By 1958 it escalated to public protests and a 162-day boycott involving 10,000 parents. The boycott campaign did not win formal support from the NAACP, but was assisted by leaders such as Ella Baker and Adam Clayton Powell, and endorsed by African-American newspapers such as the Amsterdam News.[5] While the children were engaged in another boycott in 1960, the campaign established some of the first freedom schools of the civil rights movement to educate them.[3]

New York City retaliated against the mothers, trying and failing to prosecute them for negligence. In 1960, Mallory and the Harlem 9 won their lawsuit, and the Board of Education allowed them, and over a thousand other parents, to transfer their children to integrated schools. That year, the Board of Education announced a general policy of Open Enrollment, and thousands more black children transferred to integrated schools over the next five years. (Overall integration in the city was thwarted, however, by the practice of white flight.)[3][6]

She supported Robert F. Williams, the Monroe, North Carolina NAACP chapter leader, and author of Negroes with Guns,[7] During the Freedom Rides in August 1961, she worked with Williams in protecting Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) activists who were demonstrating in Monroe. This led to armed confrontations with white supremacists and allegations of kidnapping a white couple.

She went to Ohio, and was supported by the Monroe Defense Committee, and the Workers World Party,[8] in her extradition and kidnapping trial. In 1961–65, she was jailed for kidnapping, but was later released after the North Carolina Supreme Court determined racial discrimination in the jury selection.[9][10] COINTELPRO tried to break up the support group Committee to Support the Monroe Defendants.[11]

She mentored Yuri Kochiyama.[12]

She was a friend of Madalyn Murray O'Hair.[13] On February 21, 1965, Mallory was present at the assassination of Malcolm X at the Audubon Ballroom. In April 1965, she was instrumental in a Times Square protest against the 1965 United States occupation of the Dominican Republic. On August 8, 1966, she spoke at an anti-Vietnam War rally.[4]

She was an organizer of the Sixth Pan-African Congress held in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, in 1974.[14] In 1974, she lived in Mwanza, Tanzania.[15]

Her papers are held at the Walter P. Reuther Library at Wayne State University.[16]

Works[edit]

  • Letters from Prison, Mae Mallory. Monroe Defense Committee, c. 1962.

Paula Marie Seniors, "Mae Mallory, The Monroe Defense Committee, and World Revolutions: “African American Women Radical Activists (1958-1987)," The University of Georgia Press, Forthcoming

Paula Marie Seniors, “Mae Mallory and “The Southern Belle Fantasy Trope” at The Cuyahoga County Jail 21st and Payne PAIN,” From Uncle Tom's Cabin to The Help: Critical Perspectives on White-Authored Narratives of Black Life, Claire Garcia, Vershawn Young, editors, Palgrave Macmillan, August 2014.

Note for the references: A.T. Simpson was an alias for Clarence H. Seniors, Chairman of Cleveland's Monroe Defense Committee A. T. Simpson, "After one year of hell Mae Mallory is still a champion", Workers World, October 26, 1962.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "THE MAE MALLORY COLLECTION Papers, 1961–1967", Walter P. Reuther Library, Wayne State University.
  2. ^ Foong, Yie, M.A., "Frame up in Monroe: The Mae Mallory Story", Sarah Lawrence College.
  3. ^ a b c d Melissa F. Weiner, Power, Protest, and the Public Schools: Jewish and African American Struggles in New York City (Rutgers University Press, 2010) pp. 51-66.
  4. ^ a b Jeanette Merrill and Rosemary Neidenberg, "Mae Mallory: unforgettable freedom fighter promoted self-defense", Workers World, February 26, 2009.
  5. ^ Patrick G. Coy (ed.), Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change (Emerald Group, 2011), pp. 305-312.
  6. ^ Adina Back, "Exposing the Whole Segregation Myth: The Harlem Nine and New York City Schools" in Jeanne Theoharis, Komozi Woodard (eds), Freedom North: Black freedom struggles outside the South, 1940-1980 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003), pp. 65-91.
  7. ^ Kevin Kelly Gaines, American Africans in Ghana: Black expatriates and the civil rights era (University North Carolina Press, 2006), pp. 146–149.
  8. ^ A. T. Simpson, "After one year of hell Mae Mallory is still a champion", Workers World, October 26, 1962.
  9. ^ James Forman, The Making of Black Revolutionaries (University of Washington Press, 1997), pp. 206-210.
  10. ^ "From the NAACP To The Monroe Defense Committee: African American Women’s Activism".
  11. ^ Ward Churchill, Jim Vander Wall (2002). The COINTELPRO papers: documents from the FBI's secret wars against dissent in the United States. South End Press. ISBN 978-0-89608-648-7. 
  12. ^ Diane Carol Fujino (2005). Heartbeat of Struggle: the revolutionary life of Yuri Kochiyama. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 978-0-8166-4593-0. 
  13. ^ Ann Rowe Seaman (2005). America's Most Hated Woman: the life and gruesome death of Madalyn Murray O'Hair. Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-8264-1644-5. 
  14. ^ "Some Personal Reflections on the Sixth Pan-African Congress", Encyclopædia Britannica.
  15. ^ Black World, October 1974.
  16. ^ Mae Mallory Papers. Walter P. Reuther Library, Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs, Wayne State University.

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