Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
The Mahavishnu Orchestra - The Inner Mounting Flame (1971) - Full Album (HQ)
The Mahavishnu Orchestra - The Inner Mounting Flame (1971) - Full Album (HQ)
Published: 2016/02/21
Channel: Música Livre
Mahavishnu Orchestra 8-23-1972
Mahavishnu Orchestra 8-23-1972
Published: 2011/10/31
Channel: Funkamedic
Mahavishnu Orchestra   1975 Visions of the Emerald Beyond
Mahavishnu Orchestra 1975 Visions of the Emerald Beyond
Published: 2016/05/20
Channel: luc surian
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Meeting Of The Spirits/You Know You Know
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Meeting Of The Spirits/You Know You Know
Published: 2010/07/30
Channel: Ron Hoover
Birds of Fire - Mahavishnu Orchestra
Birds of Fire - Mahavishnu Orchestra
Published: 2008/07/29
Channel: GilmoursAngst
The Mahavishnu Orchestra - Live in Munich 1972 (Full)
The Mahavishnu Orchestra - Live in Munich 1972 (Full)
Published: 2014/07/24
Channel: Júlio Pimentel
Mahavishnu Orchestra -  Birds of Fire (full album) (VINYL)
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Birds of Fire (full album) (VINYL)
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: Vinyl Answer
Mahavishnu Orchestra Apocalypse Full Album
Mahavishnu Orchestra Apocalypse Full Album
Published: 2016/05/21
Channel: luc surian
Mahavishnu Orchestra: you know you know
Mahavishnu Orchestra: you know you know
Published: 2006/07/22
Channel: bazonics
Mahavishnu Orchestra Live 1972
Mahavishnu Orchestra Live 1972
Published: 2013/03/07
Channel: digimaton
John McLaughlin on Childhood, Mahavishnu Orchestra, and Jimi Hendrix
John McLaughlin on Childhood, Mahavishnu Orchestra, and Jimi Hendrix
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: Chris's Juicebar
The Mahavishnu Orchestra - Syracuse 1972
The Mahavishnu Orchestra - Syracuse 1972
Published: 2009/08/30
Channel: Funkamedic
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Smile of the Beyond (Montreux, 1974)
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Smile of the Beyond (Montreux, 1974)
Published: 2016/12/30
Channel: radiomix
Mahavishnu Orchestra
Mahavishnu Orchestra's- Birds of Fire(1973)(Full)
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: CARRS
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Noonward Race
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Noonward Race
Published: 2010/07/30
Channel: Ron Hoover
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Full ABC Concert
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Full ABC Concert
Published: 2010/07/30
Channel: Ron Hoover
mahavishnu orchestra - live in lenox music inn, lenox 1973 (21st july, 1973) (full concert)
mahavishnu orchestra - live in lenox music inn, lenox 1973 (21st july, 1973) (full concert)
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: Stay Awhile And Listen
A Celebration of the Mahavishnu Orchestra
A Celebration of the Mahavishnu Orchestra
Published: 2012/12/22
Channel: Ulrich Pfahler
MAHAVISHNU ORCHESTRA - Live (1972)
MAHAVISHNU ORCHESTRA - Live (1972)
Published: 2015/03/02
Channel: ScienceFindsGod
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Meeting Of The Spirits
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Meeting Of The Spirits
Published: 2008/06/05
Channel: Louis Gagnon
Mahavishnu Orchestra - 1973 The Lost Trident Sessions
Mahavishnu Orchestra - 1973 The Lost Trident Sessions
Published: 2014/09/14
Channel: Eddie Essence
One Word - Mahavishnu Orchestra
One Word - Mahavishnu Orchestra
Published: 2008/10/17
Channel: GilmoursAngst
Corea, McLaughlin, White, Wooten- Return To Forever & Mahavishnu Orchestra 12/09/16 Blue Note, NYC
Corea, McLaughlin, White, Wooten- Return To Forever & Mahavishnu Orchestra 12/09/16 Blue Note, NYC
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: kzdiamond
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Lila
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Lila's Dance
Published: 2008/03/29
Channel: Endre Deák
Mahavishnu Orchestra The Dance of Maya 1972
Mahavishnu Orchestra The Dance of Maya 1972
Published: 2012/07/12
Channel: Dominic Croch
Mahavishnu Orchestra: One Word
Mahavishnu Orchestra: One Word
Published: 2006/06/27
Channel: bazonics
Awakening • Mahavishnu Orchestra
Awakening • Mahavishnu Orchestra
Published: 2014/02/28
Channel: Dan Gavin
Mahavishnu Orchestra - You Know You Know (1971)
Mahavishnu Orchestra - You Know You Know (1971)
Published: 2010/11/17
Channel: aquarianrealm
The Mahavishnu Orchestra - Dawn
The Mahavishnu Orchestra - Dawn
Published: 2012/11/17
Channel: Júlio Pimentel
Mahavishnu Orchestra album wydany w 1984 przez Warner Bros Records
Mahavishnu Orchestra album wydany w 1984 przez Warner Bros Records
Published: 2014/06/08
Channel: Robert Więckowski Perkusista
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Miles Beyond
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Miles Beyond
Published: 2009/05/19
Channel: Matías de la Iglesia
MAHAVISHNU ORCHESTRA -- Wild Strings -- 1972
MAHAVISHNU ORCHESTRA -- Wild Strings -- 1972
Published: 2012/12/08
Channel: Esferadevidro
Trilogy.wmv
Trilogy.wmv
Published: 2012/03/25
Channel: manueltron2012
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Hymn to Him
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Hymn to Him
Published: 2012/02/21
Channel: fusion185
mahavishnu orchestra - live in jabberwocky inn, syracuse, new york (nov 4th, 1971) (full concert)
mahavishnu orchestra - live in jabberwocky inn, syracuse, new york (nov 4th, 1971) (full concert)
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: Stay Awhile And Listen
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Vision Is A Naked Sword
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Vision Is A Naked Sword
Published: 2011/05/02
Channel: Corrado Capobianco
Cosmic Strut - Mahavishnu Orchestra
Cosmic Strut - Mahavishnu Orchestra
Published: 2008/08/02
Channel: GilmoursAngst
1974 - Mahavishnu Orchestra -  Sapphire Bullets in Antibes, France
1974 - Mahavishnu Orchestra - Sapphire Bullets in Antibes, France
Published: 2015/02/28
Channel: Musical Time
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Telerock 1973
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Telerock 1973
Published: 2014/09/17
Channel: whodowedo
Mahavishnu Orchestra Lila
Mahavishnu Orchestra Lila's Dance
Published: 2013/01/07
Channel: jaume65bcn
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Mahavishnu (1984) (Full Album)
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Mahavishnu (1984) (Full Album)
Published: 2016/12/10
Channel: Stay Awhile And Listen
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Hope/One Word
Mahavishnu Orchestra - Hope/One Word
Published: 2010/07/15
Channel: Ron Hoover
Mahavishnu Orchestra - The Dance of Maya
Mahavishnu Orchestra - The Dance of Maya
Published: 2011/08/29
Channel: aquarianrealm
mahavishnu orchestra - live in palace theater, waterbury, ct (may 19th, 1973) (full concert)
mahavishnu orchestra - live in palace theater, waterbury, ct (may 19th, 1973) (full concert)
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: Stay Awhile And Listen
Mahavishnu Orchestra Mk II - "Cosmic Strut/If I Could See"
Mahavishnu Orchestra Mk II - "Cosmic Strut/If I Could See"
Published: 2014/02/27
Channel: Bathed In Lightning: John McLaughlin, the 60s and the Emerald Beyond
Birds of Fire  - Birds of Flame - Mahavishnu Orchestra Tribute
Birds of Fire - Birds of Flame - Mahavishnu Orchestra Tribute
Published: 2010/03/05
Channel: BirdsofFlame
All electric guitar solos of "The Inner Mounting Flame"(Mahavishnu Orchestra)
All electric guitar solos of "The Inner Mounting Flame"(Mahavishnu Orchestra)
Published: 2016/06/22
Channel: Antonio Trapani
mahavishnu orchestra - live in berkeley community theater, california (nov 9th, 1972) (full concert)
mahavishnu orchestra - live in berkeley community theater, california (nov 9th, 1972) (full concert)
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: Stay Awhile And Listen
The Mahavishnu Orchestra - Sister Andrea (1973)
The Mahavishnu Orchestra - Sister Andrea (1973)
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: ZAPPA WAITS for new MILES
The Mahavishnu Orchestra   Birds of Fire
The Mahavishnu Orchestra Birds of Fire
Published: 2017/06/11
Channel: luc surian
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mahavishnu Orchestra
Mahavishnu orchestra1973.jpg
Background information
Origin New York City, United States
Genres
Years active 1971–76, 1984–87
Labels Columbia
Associated acts Shakti, The One Truth Band, The Translators, The John McLaughlin Guitar Trio
Past members John McLaughlin
Billy Cobham
Jan Hammer
Jerry Goodman
Rick Laird
Ralphe Armstrong
Narada Michael Walden
Gayle Moran
Jean-Luc Ponty
Stu Goldberg
Bill Evans
Jonas Hellborg
Mitchel Forman
Danny Gottlieb
Jim Beard

Mahavishnu Orchestra were a multinational jazz-rock fusion band formed in New York City in 1971 by English guitarist John McLaughlin. The group underwent several line-up changes throughout its history across two stints from 1971 to 1976 and 1984 to 1987.[1]

History[edit]

1971–1974: First incarnation[edit]

The band's first lineup featured English guitarist "Mahavishnu" John McLaughlin, Panamanian drummer Billy Cobham, Irish bassist Rick Laird, Czechoslovakian keyboardist Jan Hammer, and American violinist Jerry Goodman.[2] McLaughlin had worked with Cobham and Goodman on his third solo album My Goal's Beyond (1971), and asked Cobham to become the drummer in his new jazz-rock fusion band he wished to form, which he accepted. The violin was an instrument that had interested McLaughlin since childhood, and could not have Jean-Luc Ponty, his first choice, due to immigration problems. After listening to various albums with a violinist, he hired Goodman of The Flock. Although bassist Tony Levin was the first person McLaughlin wanted to join the band,[3][4] Laird had known McLaughlin for several years and accepted the invitation. Hammer was found through the mutual friendship with Miroslav Vitous of Weather Report.[2]

The group first met in July 1971, and rehearsed for one week. Their first live performance followed at The Gaslight Cafe in New York City, where they were the opening act for bluesman John Lee Hooker.[5] McLaughlin recalled: "The first set was shaky but the second set just took off and every night it was great. They wanted to hold us over and a few days after the second week ... , we went into the studio".[2]

McLaughlin had particular ideas for the instrumentation of the group, in keeping with his highly original concept of genre-blending in composition. He particularly wanted a violinist as an integral contributor to its overall sound. As the group evolved, McLaughlin adopted what became his visual trademark — a double neck guitar (six-string and twelve-string) which allowed for a great degree of diversity in musical textures—and Hammer became one of the first to play a Minimoog synthesizer in an ensemble, which enabled him to add more sounds and solo more freely, alongside the guitar and the violin.

Their musical style was an original blend of genres: they combined the high-volume electrified rock sound that had been pioneered by Jimi Hendrix (whom McLaughlin had jammed with on his initial arrival in New York as part of the Tony Williams Lifetime), complex rhythms in unusual time signatures that reflected McLaughlin's interest in Indian classical music as well as funk, and harmonic influence from European classical music. The group's early music, represented on such albums as The Inner Mounting Flame (1971) and Birds of Fire (1973), was entirely instrumental; their later albums had songs which sometimes featured R&B or even gospel/hymn-styled vocals. In the aforementioned two albums, the group goes from an energetic fusion of upbeat genres (a representative example of which is the song "Vital Transformation") to very serene, chamber music-like tunes, such as "A Lotus On Irish Streams," a composition for acoustic guitar, piano and violin, and "Thousand Island Park," which drops the violin and incorporates double bass; or from low-key to extremely busy in a single piece, such as "Open Country Joy."

Band Members
1971–1973
  • John McLaughlin - guitar
  • Jan Hammer - keyboards
  • Jerry Goodman - violin
  • Rick Laird - bass guitar
  • Billy Cobham - drums
1974–1975
  • John McLaughlin - guitar
  • Gayle Moran - keyboards, vocals
  • Jean-Luc Ponty - violin
  • Ralphe Armstrong - bass guitar
  • Narada Michael Walden - drums
1976
  • John McLaughlin - guitar
  • Stu Goldberg - keyboards
  • Ralphe Armstrong - bass guitar
  • Narada Michael Walden - drums
1976–1984 Disbanded
1984
  • John McLaughlin - guitar
  • Mitchel Forman - keyboards
  • Bill Evans - saxophone
  • Jonas Hellborg - bass guitar
  • Billy Cobham - drums
1985–1986
  • John McLaughlin - guitar
  • Mitchel Forman - keyboards
  • Bill Evans - saxophone
  • Jonas Hellborg - bass guitar
  • Danny Gottlieb - drums
1987
  • John McLaughlin - guitar
  • Jim Beard - keyboards
  • Bill Evans - saxophone
  • Jonas Hellborg - bass guitar
  • Danny Gottlieb - drums

Due to the pressures of sudden fame, exhaustion and a lack of communication, the original band began to tire as 1973 continued. The stress was further exacerbated by a disastrous recording session (from a personal relationship standpoint) at London's Trident Studios that found some of the players not speaking to others. Their project was never fully completed. The last straw came as John McLaughlin read an interview in Crawdaddy magazine in which Jan Hammer and Jerry Goodman expressed their frustrations with John's leadership style.[6] An effort to fix things back in New York fell through. Later on in the 1970s, McLaughlin stated in an interview in Gig magazine that he would like the album to come out, as he thought it was good. In its place, the live album Between Nothingness & Eternity was released featuring material from the studio album. Almost 30 years later, during the beginning of a renaissance of Mahavishnu's music, the incomplete album from the failed London recording was released as The Lost Trident Sessions.

1974–1976: Second incarnation[edit]

After the original group dissolved, it reformed in 1974 with a new cast of musicians behind McLaughlin: Jean-Luc Ponty (who had performed with Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention) on violin, Gayle Moran on keyboards, Ralphe Armstrong on bass, and Narada Michael Walden on percussion, Steven Kindler and Carol Shive on violin, Marcia Westbrook on viola, Phil Hirschi on cello, Steve Frankevich and Bob Knapp on brass. This "new" Mahavishnu Orchestra (which McLaughlin has reportedly called the "real" Mahavishnu Orchestra) changed personnel slightly between 1974's Apocalypse and Visions of the Emerald Beyond in 1975. Apocalypse was recorded in London with the London Symphony Orchestra under the direction of Michael Tilson Thomas, with George Martin producing and Geoff Emerick engineering the sessions. The band was then reduced to a four-piece for 1976's Inner Worlds, with Jean-Luc Ponty leaving after a heated disagreement about writing credits on the Visions album, and Gayle Moran being replaced with Stu Goldberg. Ponty would later settle over the royalties for the tracks Pegasus and Opus 1 for an undisclosed amount of money.

1984–1987: Third incarnation[edit]

After the dissolution of this version of the Orchestra, McLaughlin formed another group called Shakti to explore his interest in Indian music; following that, he went on to form other bands including the One Truth Band and the Translators, and a guitar trio with Al Di Meola and flamenco guitarist Paco de Lucía.

In 1984, McLaughlin reformed the Mahavishnu Orchestra with Bill Evans on saxophones, Jonas Hellborg on bass, Mitchel Forman on keyboards, and original member Billy Cobham on drums. Cobham participated in the sessions for their self-titled 1984 album, but was replaced by Danny Gottlieb for live work, and Jim Beard replaced Mitchel Forman for the latter period of this band's life. This band's overall sound was different from the original Mahavishnu Orchestra, in particular because of McLaughlin's extensive use of the Synclavier synthesizer system.

Post-Mahavishnu Orchestra[edit]

McLaughlin then worked with a number of incarnations of the John McLaughlin Guitar Trio, all of which featured Trilok Gurtu on percussion, and, at various times, Jeff Berlin, Kai Eckhardt, and Dominique di Piazza on bass. He then formed the Free Spirits, a guitar, organ and drums trio, with Joey DeFrancesco on Hammond organ and trumpet, and Dennis Chambers on drums, as well as touring and recording again with Al Di Meola and Paco de Lucía.

Billy Cobham went on to perform as a solo artist, recording many albums including Total Eclipse, Crosswinds and Spectrum, and toured with the "Billy Cobham & George Duke Band" for many years.

Jan Hammer went on to collaborate with Jeff Beck (together with Narada Michael Walden) in Beck's acclaimed album Wired; and also recorded a live album with the latter. He released several solo albums and composed the theme and incidental music for the hit 1980s TV show, Miami Vice.

Jerry Goodman recorded the album Like Children with Mahavishnu keyboard alumnus Jan Hammer. Starting in 1985 he recorded three solo albums for Private Music and went on tour with his own band, as well as with Shadowfax and the Dixie Dregs.

Rick Laird played with Stan Getz and Chick Corea as well as releasing one solo LP, Soft Focus, but retired from the music business in 1982. He has worked both as a bass teacher and photographer since then.

Legacy[edit]

Mahavishnu Orchestra has been cited as an influence on many bands of different genres. Greg Ginn, guitarist and main composer of hardcore punk band Black Flag, cited their early records which inspired him to record more progressive guitar work and even record instrumental albums.[7] There has been a resurgence of interest in the Mahavishnu Orchestra in recent years, with bands like The Mars Volta,[citation needed] Cynic,[citation needed] Opeth,[8] and the Dillinger Escape Plan,[9] naming them as an influence. There have been no less than five major tribute recordings released. In addition, a book Power, Passion and Beauty: The Story of the Legendary Mahavishnu Orchestra by Walter Kolosky (AbstractLogix Books) has been published. It contains interviews with all of the band’s members and quotes obtained specifically for the book from many famous admirers such as Jeff Beck, Pat Metheny, the artist Peter Max, Bill Bruford and many more. The Mahavishnu Orchestra have also been sampled in contemporary music, most notably by Massive Attack on their track "Unfinished Sympathy", which sampled "Planetary Citizen", resulting in the band's being sued by Ralphe Armstrong, who received a healthy out-of-court settlement.[10] "You Know, You Know" was sampled on Massive Attack's "One Love" and Mos Def's "Kalifornia."

Band members[edit]

1971–1973
  • John McLaughlin - guitar
  • Jan Hammer - keyboards
  • Jerry Goodman - violin
  • Rick Laird - bass guitar
  • Billy Cobham - drums
1974–1975
  • John McLaughlin - guitar
  • Gayle Moran - keyboards, vocals
  • Jean-Luc Ponty - violin
  • Ralphe Armstrong - bass guitar
  • Narada Michael Walden - drums
1976
  • John McLaughlin - guitar
  • Stu Goldberg - keyboards
  • Ralphe Armstrong - bass guitar
  • Narada Michael Walden - drums
1976–1984 Disbanded
1984
  • John McLaughlin - guitar
  • Mitchel Forman - keyboards
  • Bill Evans - saxophone
  • Jonas Hellborg - bass guitar
  • Billy Cobham - drums
1985–1986
  • John McLaughlin - guitar
  • Mitchel Forman - keyboards
  • Bill Evans - saxophone
  • Jonas Hellborg - bass guitar
  • Danny Gottlieb - drums
1987
  • John McLaughlin - guitar
  • Jim Beard - keyboards
  • Bill Evans - saxophone
  • Jonas Hellborg - bass guitar
  • Danny Gottlieb - drums

Timeline[edit]

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

Title Album details Peak chart positions
US
[11]
US Jazz
[11]
GER
[12]
NOR
[13]
UK
[14]
The Inner Mounting Flame
  • Released: August 14, 1971[15]
  • Label: C.B.S., Columbia
  • Formats: CD, LP, digital download
89 11
Birds of Fire
  • Released: March 29, 1973[16]
  • Label: C.B.S., Columbia
  • Formats: CD, CS, LP, Q8, digital download
15 29 18 20
Apocalypse
with London Symphony Orchestra
  • Released: March, 1974[17]
  • Label: C.B.S., Columbia
  • Formats: CD, LP, Q8, digital download
43 10
Visions of the Emerald Beyond
  • Released: February, 1975[18]
  • Label: C.B.S., Columbia
  • Formats: CD, CS, LP, Q8, digital download
68 18
Inner Worlds
  • Released: January, 1976[19]
  • Label: C.B.S., Columbia
  • Formats: CD, CS, LP, Q8, digital download
118 24
Mahavishnu
  • Released: 1984[20]
  • Label: WEA Musik, Warner Bros.
  • Formats: CD, CS, LP
Adventures in Radioland
  • Released: 1987
  • Label: Relativity, PolyGram
  • Formats: CD, LP, digital download
The Lost Trident Sessions
  • Released: September 21, 1999[21]
  • Label: Sony
  • Formats: CD, HDCD, digital download
"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.

Live albums[edit]

Title Album details Peak chart positions
US
[11]
Between Nothingness & Eternity
  • Released: November, 1973[22]
  • Label: C.B.S., Columbia
  • Formats: CD, LP, Q8, digital download
41
Unreleased Tracks from Between Nothingness & Eternity
  • Label: C.B.S., Columbia
  • Formats: digital download

Sources[edit]

  • Kolosky, Walter (2006). Power, Passion and Beauty: The Story of the Legendary Mahavishnu Orchestra

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mahavishnu Orchestra - Biography, Albums, & Streaming Radio". AllMusic. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c DeLigio, Frank; Snyder-Scumpy, Patrick (November 1973). "John McLaughlin & The Mahavishnu Orchestra: Two Sides to Every Satori". Crawdaddy. Archived from the original on 8 December 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  3. ^ thodoris (8 October 2012). "Interview:John McLaughlin (solo,Mahavishnu Orchestra,Miles Davis) – Hit Channel". Hit-channel.com. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  4. ^ thodoris (21 February 2013). "Interview:Tony Levin (Stick Men,King Crimson,Peter Gabriel,John Lennon) – Hit Channel". Hit-channel.com. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Walter Kolosky - After 40 Years, The Mahavishnu Orchestra Looks Back - November 7th, 2011: http://www.guitar-channel.com/rich_murray/mahavishnu-orchestra-40th-anniversary.html
  6. ^ "WBTG - Articles - JmL on Crawdaddy". Italway.it. Archived from the original on 8 December 2012. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  7. ^ Shteamer, Hank (July 2012). "#9: GREG GINN". HeavyMetalBebop.com. Manhattan, New York City. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  8. ^ Hodgson, Peter (16 September 2011). "INTERVIEW: Opeth’s Mikael Åkerfeldt". iheartguitarblog.com. Retrieved 14 March 2017. Q: There’s an obvious fusion feel to a lot of the material on Heritage. Where did that come from?
    Mikael Åkerfeldt: [...] the fusion aspect comes from Mahavishnu Orchestra [...]
     
  9. ^ Tsimplakos, Jason (5 November 2013). "The Dillinger Escape Plan interview". Rocking.gr. Glasgow, Scotland (published 25 November 2013). Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  10. ^ Kolosky, Walter. "Mahavishnu Orchestra - Planetary Citizen". JAZZ.COM. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c "John McLaughlin - Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  12. ^ "Home - Offizielle Deutsche Charts". Officialcharts.de. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  13. ^ Hung, Steffen. "norwegiancharts.com - Norwegian charts portal". Norwegiancharts.com. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  14. ^ "Official Charts Company". Officialcharts.com. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  15. ^ "The Inner Mounting Flame - Mahavishnu Orchestra - Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  16. ^ "Birds of Fire - Mahavishnu Orchestra - Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  17. ^ "Apocalypse - Mahavishnu Orchestra - Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  18. ^ "Visions of the Emerald Beyond - Mahavishnu Orchestra - Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  19. ^ "Inner Worlds - Mahavishnu Orchestra - Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  20. ^ "Mahavishnu - Mahavishnu Orchestra - Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  21. ^ "The Lost Trident Sessions - Mahavishnu Orchestra - Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  22. ^ "Between Nothingness & Eternity - Mahavishnu Orchestra - Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license