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Duq-bilow oo besha Majeerteen iyo Puntland Fariin u diray
Duq-bilow oo besha Majeerteen iyo Puntland Fariin u diray
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Dal Jire
Dabcasar oo besha Majeerteen wax kaste oo xun ku tilmaamay
Dabcasar oo besha Majeerteen wax kaste oo xun ku tilmaamay
Published: 2017/02/18
Channel: Dal Jire
Dabcasar oo afka furtay  Majeerteen u dhaan dhaaminaya
Dabcasar oo afka furtay Majeerteen u dhaan dhaaminaya
Published: 2016/10/09
Channel: Mudugboy
Abaaldaradda Mareexaan kula kacay Habargidir - Jeegaanta cusub ee Majeerteen
Abaaldaradda Mareexaan kula kacay Habargidir - Jeegaanta cusub ee Majeerteen
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: Journalist Dahir Alasow
SIR CULUS ISAAQ IYO MAJEERTEEN KEE DADKISA DHACAY KEESE DHAXAL UGA TAGAAYO
SIR CULUS ISAAQ IYO MAJEERTEEN KEE DADKISA DHACAY KEESE DHAXAL UGA TAGAAYO
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: shumis tv
WAR MAJEERTEEN DALKII IYO DIINTIIBA WEY IBSADEEN TUGADOODII
WAR MAJEERTEEN DALKII IYO DIINTIIBA WEY IBSADEEN TUGADOODII
Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: shumis tv
Majeerteen oo noqday qabiilka ugu gobsan ee sharfa dadka Gabooyaha
Majeerteen oo noqday qabiilka ugu gobsan ee sharfa dadka Gabooyaha
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: Idil tv
Qosol Sheekh Dabacasar Wax Alaale Wax Madax Madoow Iyo Majeerteen Baa Siman Run Baan U Haystay
Qosol Sheekh Dabacasar Wax Alaale Wax Madax Madoow Iyo Majeerteen Baa Siman Run Baan U Haystay
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: Amin Sakhawadin
DAAWO Faysal Ali Warabe   Qabiilkan yar ee Majeerteen Xududena maso gali karan
DAAWO Faysal Ali Warabe Qabiilkan yar ee Majeerteen Xududena maso gali karan
Published: 2016/12/25
Channel: Kismaayo Channel
Majeerteen iyo itoobiyaan oo xamar ku xasuuqay hawiye 2007
Majeerteen iyo itoobiyaan oo xamar ku xasuuqay hawiye 2007
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: ciidamada ciidanka puntland
Dabcasar oo beesha Majeerteen kudhagan war wax walba ma Rabtaan
Dabcasar oo beesha Majeerteen kudhagan war wax walba ma Rabtaan
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: Dal Jire
Yaa badan Qurbajoogta Majeerteen iyo Hawiye - is barbar dhiga
Yaa badan Qurbajoogta Majeerteen iyo Hawiye - is barbar dhiga
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: ciidamada ciidanka puntland
YAAB  Mamo Malyun oo Soo tirisay Raggii Soo Guursaday Qabiilka Majeerteen oo Koobka Furniinka Qaaday
YAAB Mamo Malyun oo Soo tirisay Raggii Soo Guursaday Qabiilka Majeerteen oo Koobka Furniinka Qaaday
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: cabdulaahi dhagaf
Faysal: Xasan Sh. maaha inuu simo Somaliland iyo Majeerteen
Faysal: Xasan Sh. maaha inuu simo Somaliland iyo Majeerteen
Published: 2016/06/18
Channel: Faaqidaad
ABWAAN CABDI WAAXID GAMADIID GABAYGII BOQORTOOYADA  MAJEERTEEN UTIRIYEY  OO DHAMAYSTIRAN
ABWAAN CABDI WAAXID GAMADIID GABAYGII BOQORTOOYADA MAJEERTEEN UTIRIYEY OO DHAMAYSTIRAN
Published: 2015/07/13
Channel: XIRIIRO MEDIA
Majeerteen oo ku farxay xilka Farmaajo u magacaabay ee Sawirqaadaha Madaxweynaha
Majeerteen oo ku farxay xilka Farmaajo u magacaabay ee Sawirqaadaha Madaxweynaha
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: Journalist Dahir Alasow
sh dabcasar waxa qonofka isu dhigaya waa majeerteen iyo mareexaan
sh dabcasar waxa qonofka isu dhigaya waa majeerteen iyo mareexaan
Published: 2017/02/17
Channel: Dooya Dheer
WIILASHI MAJEERTEEN OO LASOO BAXAY HOWLO CUSUB AN HOREY LAGU ARKIN  IYO BILILIQADII QURBA JOOGTA
WIILASHI MAJEERTEEN OO LASOO BAXAY HOWLO CUSUB AN HOREY LAGU ARKIN IYO BILILIQADII QURBA JOOGTA
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: shumis tv
WAAR ISKA DAAYA MAJEERTEEN SOMALIDII SAXDA AHYED MEEYE
WAAR ISKA DAAYA MAJEERTEEN SOMALIDII SAXDA AHYED MEEYE
Published: 2017/05/18
Channel: Mustafe indho Channel
Qosol farax Murtile "Hawiye,Luuqa Abgaal,Majeerteen Agtisa
Qosol farax Murtile "Hawiye,Luuqa Abgaal,Majeerteen Agtisa
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: Marqaan News Channel
Gabar difaacday hawiye majeerteen si daran u gashay
Gabar difaacday hawiye majeerteen si daran u gashay
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: Xidig Warar
Daawo War Deg Deg Ah Wiil Kii Isaaq Oo Karbaashay Majeerteen Iyo Ramadaan Ka Hor Qosol Waynaa
Daawo War Deg Deg Ah Wiil Kii Isaaq Oo Karbaashay Majeerteen Iyo Ramadaan Ka Hor Qosol Waynaa
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: Dabshid Entertainment HD
WIIL MAREEXAAN AH OO KARBAASHAY BEESHA MAJEERTEEN
WIIL MAREEXAAN AH OO KARBAASHAY BEESHA MAJEERTEEN
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: Mustafe indho Channel
Faankii her aderkeen oo bilowday Majeerteen iyo hawiye maxaa kala haysta
Faankii her aderkeen oo bilowday Majeerteen iyo hawiye maxaa kala haysta
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: Wardheer Media Tv
Majeerteen sida tahay ma moodayn
Majeerteen sida tahay ma moodayn
Published: 2015/04/09
Channel: Abdi Mohamed
Daawo Garguurte waxaa sixray Majeerteen
Daawo Garguurte waxaa sixray Majeerteen
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: Stichting Waagacusub
XAAJI CALI MAJEERTEEN - DIINIYA
XAAJI CALI MAJEERTEEN - DIINIYA
Published: 2014/06/26
Channel: ASADU- LAH
Abwaan Mareexana oo Majeerteen Gabay ku weeraray kkkkkkkkk
Abwaan Mareexana oo Majeerteen Gabay ku weeraray kkkkkkkkk
Published: 2015/12/06
Channel: Tvwaagacusub
Faarax Murtiile Hawiye iyo majeerteen iyo yabkaaan dawo
Faarax Murtiile Hawiye iyo majeerteen iyo yabkaaan dawo
Published: 2017/01/12
Channel: Deeq Gessod
Sh Abdiraxman oo leh Majeerteen waa boqortooyada soomaaliya
Sh Abdiraxman oo leh Majeerteen waa boqortooyada soomaaliya
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: Xidig Warar
Haweenki Majeerteen iyo Ogaadeen oo ay kadhex bilaabatay
Haweenki Majeerteen iyo Ogaadeen oo ay kadhex bilaabatay
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: Horu socod
Nin Somaliland ah oo Majeerteen dhulka la galay siyaasad ahaan
Nin Somaliland ah oo Majeerteen dhulka la galay siyaasad ahaan
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: Xidig Warar
Sheekh Xasan Daahir Abgaal Majeerteen iyo Ogaadeen Cadawga ayay u shaqeeyaan.
Sheekh Xasan Daahir Abgaal Majeerteen iyo Ogaadeen Cadawga ayay u shaqeeyaan.
Published: 2011/11/06
Channel: wadani hersi
GABAR BARAANBUR KU AMAANTAY MAJEERTEEN
GABAR BARAANBUR KU AMAANTAY MAJEERTEEN
Published: 2016/02/05
Channel: Warqaad
Gabay Qabyaalada Maxamuud Saleebaan Majeerteen Kala  Tag Abwaan Khadar Shiikh Shiikh
Gabay Qabyaalada Maxamuud Saleebaan Majeerteen Kala Tag Abwaan Khadar Shiikh Shiikh
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: Daawad Media
HABARGIDIR VS MAJEERTEEN
HABARGIDIR VS MAJEERTEEN
Published: 2014/09/21
Channel: Saafi Studio
SOMALI WEDDING __ AROOS  MAJEERTEEN
SOMALI WEDDING __ AROOS MAJEERTEEN
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: Talismman Abdi
WIILKII MAJEERTEEN MAXAA DABA DHIGAY YURUB GEENYO   ?
WIILKII MAJEERTEEN MAXAA DABA DHIGAY YURUB GEENYO ?
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: shumis tv
Cali khaliif Galaydh oo Majeerteen Kabaha la dulmaray,kuna masaalay Habartii....
Cali khaliif Galaydh oo Majeerteen Kabaha la dulmaray,kuna masaalay Habartii....
Published: 2015/11/13
Channel: Saacid Channel
Beesha Abgaal oo Fariin Udirtay Beesha Majeerteen
Beesha Abgaal oo Fariin Udirtay Beesha Majeerteen
Published: 2016/10/26
Channel: Cawayska Miraale
WIIL KI MAJEERTEEN OO QABSDAY HODAN CABDIRAXMAN
WIIL KI MAJEERTEEN OO QABSDAY HODAN CABDIRAXMAN
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: Mustafe indho Channel
Habargidir oo Majeerteen Gabay Ku karbashtay Hanjabaada iyo Faanku Waa Hadal Nijaaskiiye
Habargidir oo Majeerteen Gabay Ku karbashtay Hanjabaada iyo Faanku Waa Hadal Nijaaskiiye
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: Cawayska Miraale
Aroos Majeerteen
Aroos Majeerteen
Published: 2014/03/12
Channel: Isha Dhacdooyinka Caalamka
Daawo Wiil Majeerteen ah | General Moorgan wuu ku Saxnaa inuu laayo Isaaq.
Daawo Wiil Majeerteen ah | General Moorgan wuu ku Saxnaa inuu laayo Isaaq.
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Qarri Jiqood
DAAWO- ABWAAN CABDIwAAXID GAMADIID oo Gabay Qiimo Badan u Tiriyey Majeerteen
DAAWO- ABWAAN CABDIwAAXID GAMADIID oo Gabay Qiimo Badan u Tiriyey Majeerteen
Published: 2015/07/10
Channel: TV Ten
Beesha Majeerteen oo sheegtay in Galkacyo Tahay Magaala Iyaga ugaar ah
Beesha Majeerteen oo sheegtay in Galkacyo Tahay Magaala Iyaga ugaar ah
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: Cawayska Miraale
Daahir Cudhaadh iyo Gabaygii Sayidka Kumanyaal ee Geelii Daraawiish Majeerteen 3   YouTube
Daahir Cudhaadh iyo Gabaygii Sayidka Kumanyaal ee Geelii Daraawiish Majeerteen 3 YouTube
Published: 2011/12/29
Channel: MrSHEEKEEYE113
Odayada Dhaqanka Beesha Cismaan Maxamud Ee Majeerteen oo Kahor Yimid
Odayada Dhaqanka Beesha Cismaan Maxamud Ee Majeerteen oo Kahor Yimid
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: East Africa
Wiil majeerteen ah oo Dahir calasow iyo hawiye weerar ku qaaday
Wiil majeerteen ah oo Dahir calasow iyo hawiye weerar ku qaaday
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Muqdisho studio
XUSEEN SHIRE CIYAAR JECEL   MAJEERTEEN IYO MUDULOOD  BAA BADII IIBSADAY   2016 HD
XUSEEN SHIRE CIYAAR JECEL MAJEERTEEN IYO MUDULOOD BAA BADII IIBSADAY 2016 HD
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: Boramanews.com
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Majeerteen
ماجرتين
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Somali
Religion
Islam
Related ethnic groups
Dhulbahante, Warsangali, Dishiishe, Ogaden and other Darod groups.

The Majeerteen (Somali: Majeerteen, Arabic: ماجرتين‎‎, Muhammad Harti Amaleh Abdi Muhammad Abdirahman Jaberti; also spelled Majerteen, Macherten, Majertain, or Mijurtin)[1] is a Somali clan. Its members form a part of the Harti confederation of Darod sub-clans, and primarily inhabit the Puntland region in northeastern Somalia.

The Majeerteen Sultanates played an important role in the pre-independence era. The clan has produced two presidents, five prime ministers, first speaker of parliament, and four Puntland-State presidents, as well as two Sultans and a King (Boqor). Majeerteens also held many other important government posts in the 1960s and early 1970s, and continue to play a key role in Puntland.

Territory[edit]

Majeerteen members traditionally inhabit the northeastern Bari, Nugal and Mudug regions in Puntland.[2] Others can also be found in the Kismayo and Wardheer regions of Somalia and Ethiopia, respectively.

Majeerteen Sultanates[edit]

Before Osman Mohamud sultanate there was sultanate of Amaanle (Abdirahman Awe) who was overthrown by Osman Mohamud and it was overtaking the sultanate . The Majeerteen Sultanate was founded in the mid-18th century. It rose to prominence the following century, under the reign of the resourceful Boqor (King) Osman Mahamuud.[3] It controlled Bari Karkaar, parts of nugaaal and also central Somalia in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The polity maintained a robust trading network, entered into treaties with foreign powers, and exerted strong centralized authority on the domestic front.[4][5]

Ali Yusuf Kenadid, the second Sultan of the Sultanate of Hobyo.

Osman Mahamuud's Sultanate was nearly destroyed in the mid-1800s by a power struggle between himself and his ambitious cousin, Yusuf Ali Kenadid. After almost five years of battle, the young upstart was finally forced into exile in Yemen. A decade later, in the 1870s, Kenadid returned from the Arabian Peninsula with a band of Hadhrami musketeers and a group of devoted lieutenants. With their assistance, he managed to overpower the local Hawiye clans and establish the Sultanate of Hobyo in 1878.[3][6]

In late 1889, Boqor Osman entered into a treaty with the Italians, making his realm an Italian protectorate. His rival Sultan Kenadid had signed a similar agreement vis-a-vis his own Sultanate the year before. Both rulers had signed the protectorate treaties to advance their own expansionist objectives, with Boqor Osman looking to use Italy's support in his ongoing power struggle with Kenadid over the Majeerteen Sultanate. Boqor Osman and Sultan Kenadid also hoped to exploit the conflicting interests among the European imperial powers that were then looking to control the Somali peninsula, so as to avoid direct occupation of their territories by force.[7]

With the gradual extension into northern Somalia of Italian colonial rule, both Kingdoms were eventually annexed to Italian Somaliland in the early 20th century.[7] Much of the two Majeerteen Sultanates' former domain is today coextensive with the autonomous Puntland region in northeastern Somalia.[8]

Clans and subclans[edit]

There is no clear agreement on the clan and sub-clan structures and many lineages are omitted. The following listing is taken from the World Bank's Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics from 2005 and the United Kingdom's Home Office publication, Somalia Assessment 2001.[9][10]


Three subclans – Omar Mahmud (Cumaar Mahamuud), Issa Mahmud (Ciise Mahamuud), and Osman Mahmoud (Cismaan Mahamuud) – comprise the Mahamuud Saleebaan, Muse Salebaan known as Ugaar Saleebaan is also major subclans[11]:17 which a 2010 study identifies as both the main division of Majeerteen and a central and unifying entity in Puntland. During the 1960s, the Ali Saleebaan (or Cali Saleebaan) and Ciise Mahamud formed a powerful business class in Kismayo,[11]:19 while Siad Barre exploited a rivalry between the Cali Saleebaan and Cumaar Mahamuud in an effort to weaken the Majeerteen in general.[11]:17 Historically, the Cali Saleebaan formed part of a coastal trading network around Bosaso, along with other subclans.[11]:19 ugaar( muuse saleebaan ) and cali saleebaan are prominent majeerteen clans in bari region with Nineteen other Majeerteen clans inhabit the Bari Region.[11]:15

Prominent figures[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Central Intelligence Agency (2002). "Ethnic Groups". Somalia Summary Map. Perry–Castañeda Library. Retrieved 18 May 2010. 
  2. ^ Royal African Society, African Affairs, Volume 101, (Oxford University Press: 2002) p.101.
  3. ^ a b Helen Chapin Metz, Somalia: a country study, (The Division: 1993), p.10.
  4. ^ Horn of Africa, Volume 15, Issues 1-4, (Horn of Africa Journal: 1997), p.130.
  5. ^ Transformation towards a regulated economy, (WSP Transition Programme, Somali Programme: 2000) p.62.
  6. ^ Lee V. Cassanelli, The shaping of Somali society: reconstructing the history of a pastoral people, 1600-1900, (University of Pennsylvania Press: 1982), p.75.
  7. ^ a b The Majeerteen Sultanates
  8. ^ Istituto italo-africano, Africa: rivista trimestrale di studi e documentazione, Volume 56, (Edizioni africane: 2001), p.591.
  9. ^ Worldbank, Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics, January 2005, Appendix 2, Lineage Charts, p.55 Figure A-1
  10. ^ Country Information and Policy Unit, Home Office, Great Britain, Somalia Assessment 2001, Annex B: Somali Clan Structure Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine., p. 43
  11. ^ a b c d e Marchal, Roland (May 2010). "The Puntland State of Somalia: A Tentative Social Analysis" (PDF). Sciences Po. Retrieved 2015-08-15. 
  12. ^ http://www.asiantribune.com/node/175

External links[edit]

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