Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Return to Makin Island iPod Version
Return to Makin Island iPod Version
Published: 2009/03/21
Channel: dysfunctionalveteran
Makin Island Raiders (Part 1)
Makin Island Raiders (Part 1)
Published: 2007/05/17
Channel: electricdisk
HD Historic Stock Footage WWII U.S. ARMY Invades Makin Island Color
HD Historic Stock Footage WWII U.S. ARMY Invades Makin Island Color
Published: 2012/08/16
Channel: Buyout Footage Historic Film Archive
Gung Ho! Carlson
Gung Ho! Carlson's Makin Island Raiders (Feature Length, Restored 1943)
Published: 2014/03/31
Channel: ZenosWarbirds
Us Marine Makin island
Us Marine Makin island
Published: 2013/06/03
Channel: derkommandent Nova
SOUTH CHINA SEA - Amphibious Assault Vessel USS Makin Island (LHD-8) Operation
SOUTH CHINA SEA - Amphibious Assault Vessel USS Makin Island (LHD-8) Operation
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: Youtupe Mania
Dead Japanese soldiers in an anti tank trench in Makin Islands, Kirabati during W...HD Stock Footage
Dead Japanese soldiers in an anti tank trench in Makin Islands, Kirabati during W...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/05/17
Channel: CriticalPast
LEGO WAR IN THE PACIFIC 4 - MAKIN ATOLL (full movie)
LEGO WAR IN THE PACIFIC 4 - MAKIN ATOLL (full movie)
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: raptor5120
US troops take key Japanese bases in the Makin Islands during the World War II. HD Stock Footage
US troops take key Japanese bases in the Makin Islands during the World War II. HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/04/26
Channel: CriticalPast
Before They Were Stars - Gung Ho
Before They Were Stars - Gung Ho
Published: 2012/09/29
Channel: Virgil Films and Entertainment
US Navy Blasts Marshall Islands - Pacific War, Makin Island, USS Yorktown, World War II 21110d HD
US Navy Blasts Marshall Islands - Pacific War, Makin Island, USS Yorktown, World War II 21110d HD
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
Raids On Makin, Mili and Wotje Islands and Kwajalein Harbor (1944)
Raids On Makin, Mili and Wotje Islands and Kwajalein Harbor (1944)
Published: 2014/07/09
Channel: A/V Geeks
USS Makin Island answers your questions - Petty Officer Ford.wmv
USS Makin Island answers your questions - Petty Officer Ford.wmv
Published: 2011/02/11
Channel: USNavyShipoftheMonth
USS Makin Island Pulls Into Pearl Harbor
USS Makin Island Pulls Into Pearl Harbor
Published: 2015/02/15
Channel: Michael Smith
Makin Island Raid By The Marine Raiders During WWII
Makin Island Raid By The Marine Raiders During WWII
Published: 2009/10/07
Channel: militaryvideocom
USS Makin Island Underway | Aerial Helicopter Footage | Amazing NAVY | President Trump MAGA
USS Makin Island Underway | Aerial Helicopter Footage | Amazing NAVY | President Trump MAGA
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Real Time Politics
USS Makin Island Slideshow 8062014
USS Makin Island Slideshow 8062014
Published: 2014/08/07
Channel: BrianandLayla Lankford
Makin Island VERTREP
Makin Island VERTREP
Published: 2014/08/25
Channel: USS Makin Island
A bulldozer hauls material from a LSM in Makin Islands, Kirabati during World War...HD Stock Footage
A bulldozer hauls material from a LSM in Makin Islands, Kirabati during World War...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/05/17
Channel: CriticalPast
A Catholic Mass being conducted by a Chaplain in Makin Islands, Kirabati during W...HD Stock Footage
A Catholic Mass being conducted by a Chaplain in Makin Islands, Kirabati during W...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/05/17
Channel: CriticalPast
United States 27th Infantry Division  in Makin Islands, Kirabati during World War...HD Stock Footage
United States 27th Infantry Division in Makin Islands, Kirabati during World War...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/05/17
Channel: CriticalPast
Table Two and Three Course of Fire on USS Makin Island (HD)
Table Two and Three Course of Fire on USS Makin Island (HD)
Published: 2015/01/27
Channel: okrajoe
USS Makin Island Hybrid Engine
USS Makin Island Hybrid Engine
Published: 2009/08/27
Channel: John Howell
Cook Islands Makin Memories (4K)
Cook Islands Makin Memories (4K)
Published: 2017/11/05
Channel: ForeverMakinMemories
1943 Newsreel: WW2 Tunisia, USMC Makin Island Raid, Lend-Lease (full)
1943 Newsreel: WW2 Tunisia, USMC Makin Island Raid, Lend-Lease (full)
Published: 2015/01/30
Channel: WWIIPublicDomain
US Army troops advance through jungle on Makin Island, Gilbert Islands, in World ...HD Stock Footage
US Army troops advance through jungle on Makin Island, Gilbert Islands, in World ...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/04/11
Channel: CriticalPast
Aboard the USS Makin Island (LHD-8)
Aboard the USS Makin Island (LHD-8)
Published: 2012/10/22
Channel: cody west
ATTACK ON THE MARSHALL ISLANDS  BATTLE OF TARAWA  WWII 22294
ATTACK ON THE MARSHALL ISLANDS BATTLE OF TARAWA WWII 22294
Published: 2015/11/19
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
US troops make amphibious assault on  Makin Island, Gilbert Islands in the Pacifi...HD Stock Footage
US troops make amphibious assault on Makin Island, Gilbert Islands in the Pacifi...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/04/11
Channel: CriticalPast
USS Makin Island Slideshow 8292014
USS Makin Island Slideshow 8292014
Published: 2014/08/29
Channel: BrianandLayla Lankford
Makin Island 1st 5K on deployment
Makin Island 1st 5K on deployment
Published: 2014/08/08
Channel: USS Makin Island
USS Makin Island (LHD-8)
USS Makin Island (LHD-8)
Published: 2009/10/04
Channel: USNavyNewsStand
USS Makin Island Slideshow 8072014
USS Makin Island Slideshow 8072014
Published: 2014/08/07
Channel: BrianandLayla Lankford
USS Makin Island Slideshow 7302014
USS Makin Island Slideshow 7302014
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: BrianandLayla Lankford
USS Makin Island Hong Kong Liberty Slideshow
USS Makin Island Hong Kong Liberty Slideshow
Published: 2014/09/02
Channel: BrianandLayla Lankford
US Army troops occupying Makin Island during World War II HD Stock Footage
US Army troops occupying Makin Island during World War II HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/04/11
Channel: CriticalPast
US Army troops make amphibious assault on Makin Island in World War II HD Stock Footage
US Army troops make amphibious assault on Makin Island in World War II HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/04/11
Channel: CriticalPast
Sailors Participate in P90X Aboard USS Makin Island
Sailors Participate in P90X Aboard USS Makin Island
Published: 2012/08/23
Channel: U.S. Navy
U.S. Marines Fast Roping from the flight deck of USS Makin Island | AiirSource
U.S. Marines Fast Roping from the flight deck of USS Makin Island | AiirSource
Published: 2013/06/01
Channel: AiirSource Military
Millennium: Makin Island Raid
Millennium: Makin Island Raid
Published: 2013/06/12
Channel: simsburytv
USS warships shell Makin Island. HD Stock Footage
USS warships shell Makin Island. HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/04/18
Channel: CriticalPast
11 NOAA researchers rescued by USS Makin Island Amphbious Ready Group near Hawaiian Islands
11 NOAA researchers rescued by USS Makin Island Amphbious Ready Group near Hawaiian Islands
Published: 2014/08/10
Channel: ABC 10 News
USS MAKIN ISLAND PARENT SLIDESHOW 12232014
USS MAKIN ISLAND PARENT SLIDESHOW 12232014
Published: 2014/12/24
Channel: BrianandLayla Lankford
USS Makin Island anchored in Hong Kong
USS Makin Island anchored in Hong Kong's Victoria Harbor
Published: 2014/08/23
Channel: HollywoodLT
MAKIN ISLAND RAID, USS NAUTILUS RETURNS PEARL HARBOR WITH USMC RAIDERS
MAKIN ISLAND RAID, USS NAUTILUS RETURNS PEARL HARBOR WITH USMC RAIDERS
Published: 2015/09/27
Channel: The National Archives Collection
USS Makin Island passes by Alcatraz
USS Makin Island passes by Alcatraz
Published: 2010/10/07
Channel: Cyndy Green
Gung Ho! The Story of Carlson
Gung Ho! The Story of Carlson's Makin Island Raiders Scenes
Published: 2012/09/05
Channel: WeirdWWII
USS Makin Island
USS Makin Island
Published: 2012/10/10
Channel: Eric Lagier
US warships fire and US Navy SBD Dauntless dive bomb Makin Island. HD Stock Footage
US warships fire and US Navy SBD Dauntless dive bomb Makin Island. HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/04/18
Channel: CriticalPast
USS Makin Island "Your Love Is My Drug"
USS Makin Island "Your Love Is My Drug"
Published: 2010/07/31
Channel: cabingirl12
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Makin
01 Map of Makin, Kiribati.jpg
GilbertIslandsPos.png
Geography
Location Pacific Ocean
Coordinates 3°23′N 173°00′E / 3.383°N 173.000°E / 3.383; 173.000 (Makin)
Archipelago Gilbert Islands
Area 7.89 km2 (3.05 sq mi)
Highest elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Administration
Demographics
Population 1,798 (2010 Census)
Pop. density 228 /km2 (591 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups I-Kiribati 100%

Makin is the name of a chain of islands located in the Pacific Ocean island nation of Kiribati. Makin is the northernmost of the Gilbert Islands, with a population (in 2010) of 1,798.[1]

Makin Island reef

Geography[edit]

Makin is located six km northeast of the northeastern corner of Butaritari atoll reef and 6.9 km from the Butaritari islet of Namoka. It is a linear reef feature, 12.3 km long north-south, with five islets, the two larger ones being inhabited (Makin and Kiebu). The third largest, and southernmost islet, Onne, is also inhabitable. This string of islands is the northernmost feature of the Gilbert Islands, and the third most northerly in the island nation of Kiribati (only Teraina and Tabuaeran of the Line Islands are more northerly). Makin is not a true atoll, but since the largest and northernmost of the islets, also called Makin, has a nearly landlocked lagoon, 0.3 km² in size and connected to the open sea in the east only through a 15 metre wide channel (with a road bridge over it), it might be considered a degenerate atoll. Kiebu, the second largest islet, has an even smaller, completely landlocked lagoon on its eastern side, with about 80 m in diameter (making an area of about 0.005 km² or 0.5 hectares) and at distance of 60 m to the open sea.[2]

Since neighboring Butaritari was called Makin Atoll by the U.S. military, the feature used to be called Makin Meang (Northern Makin) or Little Makin to distinguish it from the larger atoll. Now that Butaritari has become the preferred name for that larger atoll, speakers tend to drop the qualifier for Makin.

The Gilbert islands are sometimes regarded as the southern continuation of the Marshall Islands, which are NNW of it. The closest island of the Marshall Islands, Nadikdik Atoll, is 290 km NNW of Makin.

Makin has a land area of 6.7 km² and a population of 1,798 (census of 2010[1]).

Islets and Villages[edit]

Makin island consists of five small islets. Of these, only Makin and Kiebu islands are permanently inhabited. The total population of Makin is 1,798 (2010 Census).

Makin: Population and Land Area
Islet/Village Population 2010[1] Land area (usable)[1] Density Area not available for use[1]
Little Makin 1,364 1,541.5 acres (624 ha) 0.9 people per acre Enclosed lagoon 84.7 acres
Bikin Eitei 8 acres (3 ha)
Aonibike 30.9 acres (13 ha)
Tebua Tarawa 5 acres (2 ha)
Kiebu 434 242.2 acres (98 ha) 1.8 people per acre
Onne 122.6 acres (50 ha)
Makin Total 1,798 1,950.2 acres (789 ha) 0.9 people per acre Enclosed lagoon 84.7 acres

Climate[edit]

The climate is very similar to neighboring Butaritari atoll, with lush vegetation and high rainfall. Typical annual rainfall is about 4 m, compared with about 2 m on Tarawa Atoll and 1 m in the far south of Kiribati. Rainfall on Makin is enhanced during an El Niño.[2]

Environmental issues[edit]

Higher sea levels are resulting in saltwater intrusion to bwabwai or babai (Cyrtosperma merkusii or giant swamp taro) pits and coastal erosion.[3] At Kiebu islet, one communal bwabwai pit is located very close to a saltwater pond. When it rains the pond overflows causing damage to the bwabwai plants. More recently, the increasing incidence of unusually high tides has caused the intrusion of saltwater into the communal pit, resulting in salt contamination and damage of food crops.[2] The construction of causeways have also resulted to reduced flushing of the lagoon that has resulted in low levels of oxygen in the lagoon, which has caused damage to fish stocks in the lagoon and causes other biological problems.[3] The erosion and accretion that are occurring along the shoreline is identified as being linked to aggregate mining, land reclamation and the construction of causeways that has been thought to change the currents along the shoreline.[3]

Economy[edit]

Makin, like other Kiribati islands, has a mainly subsistence economy. Most houses are made from local materials, and most households rely on fish, coconut and fruit (particularly banana and papaya) as the mainstay of their diet, though imported rice, sugar and tobacco are also seen as necessities. Makin is a high producer of copra, but has few other economic activities apart from a limited number of Government and Island Council jobs. Many families receive remittances from relatives working on South Tarawa or overseas.[4]

Myths and legends[edit]

There are different stories told as to the creation of Makin and the other islands in the Gilberts. An important legend in the culture of Makin is that spirits who lived in a tree in Samoa migrated northward carrying branches from the tree, Te Kaintikuaba, which translates as the tree of life.[3] It was these spirits, together with Nareau the Wise who created the islands of Tungaru (the Gilbert Islands).[Note 1]

History[edit]

In 1606 Pedro Fernandes de Queirós sighted Butaritari and Makin, which he named the Buen Viaje (‘good trip’ in Spanish) Islands.[7][8]

Nakaa Beach is located at the northern tip of Makin Atoll is an important site in the traditional mythology of the island group, being the departing point for the spirits of the dead heading to the underworld. Nakaa is the legendary guardian of the gateway to the place of the dead.[2]

Traditionally, Butaritari and Makin were ruled by a chief or Uea who lived on Butaritari Island.[9] This chief had all the powers and authority to make and impose decision for Butaritari and Makin, a system very different from the southern Gilbert Islands where power was wielded collectively by the unimwane or old men. The last Uea was Nauraura Nakoriri who was in power both before and after the Gilberts became a British Protectorate in 1892.[9]

The island was surveyed in 1841 by the US Exploring Expedition.[10]

Little Makin Post Office opened around 1925.[11]

Japanese forces occupied the island in December 1941, days after the attack on Pearl Harbor. The United States invaded and captured the island after the Battle of Makin, which lasted from November 20, 1943, to November 24, 1943.

Visiting Makin[edit]

Makin Airport, located immediately northeast of Makin Village, between the lagoon and the sea, has ICAO code NGMN and IATA code MTK. It is served by two weekly Air Kiribati flights to Butaritari and to Bonriki International Airport in Tarawa.

There are no tourist facilities on Makin, but both the Kiribati Protestant Church and the Island Council maintain guest houses.[12]

References in Popular Culture[edit]

Makin is featured in Call of Duty: World at War, in the first single player level ‘Semper Fi’, and two multi-player map, 'Makin' and 'Makin Day'. It also features as a campaign location in the game Medal of Honor: Pacific Assault as 'Makin Atoll'

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sir Arthur Grimble, cadet administrative officer in the Gilberts from 1914 and resident commissioner of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands colony from 1926, recorded the myths and oral traditions of the Kiribati people. He wrote the best-sellers A Pattern of Islands (London, John Murray 1952,[5] and Return to the Islands (1957), which was republished by Eland, London in 2011, ISBN 978-1-906011-45-1. He also wrote Tungaru Traditions: writings on the atoll culture of the Gilbert Islands, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, 1989, ISBN 0-8248-1217-4.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Kiribati Census Report 2010 Volume 1" (PDF). National Statistics Office, Ministry of Finance and Economic Development, Government of Kiribati. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "1. Makin" (PDF). Office of Te Beretitent - Republic of Kiribati Island Report Series. 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d Dr Temakei Tebano & others (August 2008). "Island/atoll climate change profiles - Makin Atoll". Office of Te Beretitent - Republic of Kiribati Island Report Series (for KAP II (Phase 2). Archived from the original on November 6, 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "Makin Island Report". Government of Kiribati. 
  5. ^ Grimble, Arthur (1981). A Pattern of Islands. Penguin Travel Library. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-009517-9. 
  6. ^ Grimble, Arthur (1989). Tungaru traditions: writings on the atoll culture of the Gilbert Islands. Penguin Travel Library. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-1217-1. 
  7. ^ Maude, H.E. (1959). "Spanish Discoveries in the Central Pacific: A Study in Identification". The Journal of the Polynesian Society. 68 (4): 284–326. 
  8. ^ Kelly, Celsus, O.F.M. La Austrialia del Espiritu Santo. The Journal of Fray Martín de Munilla O.F.M. and other documents relating to the Voyage of Pedro Fernández de Quirós to the South Sea (1605-1606) and the Franciscan Missionary Plan (1617-1627) Cambridge, 1966, p.39, 62.
  9. ^ a b Dr Temakei Tebano & others (September 2008). "Island/atoll climate change profiles - Butaritari Atoll". Office of Te Beretitent - Republic of Kiribati Island Report Series (for KAP II (Phase 2). Archived from the original on November 6, 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2015. 
  10. ^ Stanton, William (1975). The Great United States Exploring Expedition. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 245. ISBN 0520025571. 
  11. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  12. ^ "Kiribati Tourism - Outer Islands Accommodation Guide". Government of Kiribati. Retrieved 15 March 2013. 

Coordinates: 3°23′00″N 173°00′00″E / 3.38333°N 173.00000°E / 3.38333; 173.00000

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license