|Manas International Airport
Манас эл аралык аэропорту
|IATA: FRU (БИШ) – ICAO: UAFM|
|Airport type||Joint (Civil and Military)|
|Elevation AMSL||2,058 ft / 627 m|
Manas International Airport (Kyrgyz: Манас эл аралык аэропорту) (IATA: FRU (БИШ), ICAO: UCFM) is the main international airport in Kyrgyzstan located 25 kilometres (16 mi) north-northwest of the capital Bishkek.
It is also the site of the Transit Center at Manas, formerly known as Manas Air Base, a US Air Force base supporting Operation Enduring Freedom and the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan.
In 2012, the airport handled 1,056,000 passengers.
The airport was constructed as a replacement for the old Bishkek airport that was located to the south of the city, and named after the Kyrgyz epic hero, Manas, at the suggestion of country's most prominent writer and intellectual, Chinghiz Aitmatov. The first plane landed at Manas in October 1974, with Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin on board. Aeroflot operated the airport's first scheduled flight to Moscow-Domodedovo on 4 May 1975.
When Kyrgyzstan gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, the airport began a slow but steady decline as its infrastructure remained neglected for almost ten years and a sizable aircraft boneyard developed; approximately 60 derelict aircraft from the Soviet era, ranging in size from helicopters to full-sized airliners, were left in mothballs on the airport ramp at the Eastern end of the field.
With the beginning of Operation Enduring Freedom, the United States and its coalition partners immediately sought permission from the Kyrgyz government to use the airport as a military base for operations in Afghanistan. Coalition forces arrived in late December 2001 and immediately the airport saw unprecedented expansion of operations and facilities.The derelict aircraft were rolled into a pasture next to the ramp to make room for coalition aircraft, and large, semi-permanent hangars were constructed to house coalition fighter aircraft. Additionally, a Marsden Matting parking apron was built along the Eastern half of the runway, along with a large cargo depot and several aircraft maintenance facilities. A tent city sprang up across the street from the passenger terminal, housing over 2,000 troops. The American forces christened the site "Ganci Air Base", after New York Fire Department chief Peter J. Ganci, Jr., who was killed in the September 11 terrorist attacks. It was later given the official name of Manas Air Base.
Around the same time the Kyrgyz government performed a major expansion and renovation of the passenger terminal, funded in part by the sizable landing fees paid by coalition forces. Several restaurants, gift shops, and barber shops sprang-up in the terminal catering to the deployed troops.
The airport terminal underwent renovation and redesign in 2007. The contemporary IATA codename FRU originates from the Soviet name of the city of Bishkek called then Frunze.
During its existence Kyrgyzstan Airlines had its head office on the airport property. On 2 January 2002 the airline moved its head office to the Kyrgyzstan Airlines Sales Agency building of Manas International Airport. Previously the head office was also on the grounds of the airport.
operated by Donavia
operated by Rossiya
|Air Astana||Almaty, Astana|
|Air Bishkek||Irkutsk, Istanbul-Atatürk, Kaliningrad, Moscow-Domodedovo, Osh, Seoul-Incheon, Surgut, Ürümqi, Yekaterinburg|
operated by Sky Bishkek
|Batken, Isfana, Jalal-Abad, Kerben|
|Air Manas||Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen|
|Avia Traffic Company||Almaty, Batken, Dushanbe, Jalal-Abad, Karakol, Kazan, Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo, Mashhad, Moscow-Domodedovo, Novosibirsk, Osh, St Petersburg, Surgut, Tashkent, Ürümqi, Yekaterinburg|
|Iran Air Tours||Mashhad|
|Kyrgyzstan Air Company||Dubai, Dushanbe, Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo, Khujand, Moscow-Domodedovo, Novosibirsk, Osh, Tashkent, Ürümqi, Yekaterinburg|
|Kyrgyzstan Air Company
operated by Avia Traffic Company
|Pegasus Airlines||Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen|
|Sky Bishkek||Batken, Isfana, Jalal-Abad, Kerben, Osh |
|Tajik Air||Dushanbe, Khujand|
|Turkish Airlines||Istanbul-Atatürk, Ulan Bator|
|Ukraine International Airlines||Kiev-Boryspil|
|Ural Airlines||Moscow-Domodedovo, Yekaterinburg|
|Silk Way Airlines||Baku, Ürümqi|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||Almaty, Delhi, Hong Kong, Istanbul-Atatürk, Seoul-Incheon |
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