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Manufacturing plywood boards: then and now
Manufacturing plywood boards: then and now
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: Victoria and Albert Museum
Why Chinese Manufacturing Wins
Why Chinese Manufacturing Wins
Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: Wendover Productions
Hypnotic Video Inside ¦¦ Tube Manufacturing ¦¦ Oil pipe ¦¦ Huge pipes
Hypnotic Video Inside ¦¦ Tube Manufacturing ¦¦ Oil pipe ¦¦ Huge pipes
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: Best COUB OIC
CFL MANUFACTURING PROCESS
CFL MANUFACTURING PROCESS
Published: 2013/11/27
Channel: Anish Johny
The next manufacturing revolution is here | Olivier Scalabre
The next manufacturing revolution is here | Olivier Scalabre
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: TED
See how to manufacture glass bottles from A to Z manufacturing Comment faire des bouteilles en verre
See how to manufacture glass bottles from A to Z manufacturing Comment faire des bouteilles en verre
Published: 2016/12/23
Channel: Peng Lai
The Robot Revolution: The New Age of Manufacturing | Moving Upstream
The Robot Revolution: The New Age of Manufacturing | Moving Upstream
Published: 2018/02/01
Channel: Wall Street Journal
10 Manufacturing Processes That Are Oddly Satisfying to Watch
10 Manufacturing Processes That Are Oddly Satisfying to Watch
Published: 2015/11/12
Channel: Wonderful Engineering
60000 रु. महीना कमायें Low in Investing Start Camphor Manufacturing Business | How To Earn Money
60000 रु. महीना कमायें Low in Investing Start Camphor Manufacturing Business | How To Earn Money
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: My Advice Place
Manufacturing Process of Model S in TESLA Factory
Manufacturing Process of Model S in TESLA Factory
Published: 2015/08/26
Channel: OFweek eMarketplace
Foreign Manufacturing - Debate with Discord user
Foreign Manufacturing - Debate with Discord user
Published: 2018/02/19
Channel: Destiny
Technoerotic ¦¦ HYPNOTIC Video Inside ¦¦ Master glassmakers ¦¦ Glass Manufacturing
Technoerotic ¦¦ HYPNOTIC Video Inside ¦¦ Master glassmakers ¦¦ Glass Manufacturing
Published: 2016/12/27
Channel: FailDaSK
How It
How It's Made Garden PVC Pipe - Inside PVC Pipe Manufacturing Company | Unbox Factory
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: Unbox Factory
Wire Nails Manufacturing Business लोहे का किल बनाने का उद्योग खोलें Smart Ideas
Wire Nails Manufacturing Business लोहे का किल बनाने का उद्योग खोलें Smart Ideas
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: Smart Ideas
How a Bolt is Made - Portland Bolt & Manufacturing
How a Bolt is Made - Portland Bolt & Manufacturing
Published: 2011/03/15
Channel: Portland Bolt
Rolls-Royce Manufacturing Plant [CAR FACTORY]
Rolls-Royce Manufacturing Plant [CAR FACTORY]
Published: 2016/04/27
Channel: YOUCAR
Plastic Cans Manufacturing - Business Video(Telugu)
Plastic Cans Manufacturing - Business Video(Telugu)
Published: 2016/03/22
Channel: Enable Microenterprises
20 Manufacturing Business Ideas for 2017
20 Manufacturing Business Ideas for 2017
Published: 2017/08/25
Channel: Young Entrepreneurs Forum
Cement Manufacturing
Cement Manufacturing
Published: 2013/07/31
Channel: 7activestudio
Small business idea - mobile case manufacturing machine at home
Small business idea - mobile case manufacturing machine at home
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: jason123 xu
The real reason manufacturing jobs are disappearing | Augie Picado
The real reason manufacturing jobs are disappearing | Augie Picado
Published: 2017/09/28
Channel: TED
Cigarette Manufacturing Process - Cigarette Making Factory
Cigarette Manufacturing Process - Cigarette Making Factory
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: Unbox Factory
Meet Ryan & Rob from R2 Manufacturing! National Farm Machinery Show; Edge Tamers Product Review!
Meet Ryan & Rob from R2 Manufacturing! National Farm Machinery Show; Edge Tamers Product Review!
Published: 2018/02/20
Channel: Tractor Time with Tim
Xiaomi Mi4 manufacture
Xiaomi Mi4 manufacture
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: phoneZilla
SARA Footwear Manufacturing Process
SARA Footwear Manufacturing Process
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: Studio 6
Toyota Corolla Manufacturing - Toyota Corolla Production and Assembly
Toyota Corolla Manufacturing - Toyota Corolla Production and Assembly
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: Alpha SQUAD official
Toyota Manufacturing- car marking
Toyota Manufacturing- car marking
Published: 2016/06/19
Channel: New Future
Gears manufacturing methods
Gears manufacturing methods
Published: 2012/11/13
Channel: MechanicsTips
Rubber Band Manufacturing
Rubber Band Manufacturing
Published: 2012/03/17
Channel: muthaelastomers
Honda Activa Worlds Largest Two Wheeler Manufacturing Plant | Auto & Gadget Show
Honda Activa Worlds Largest Two Wheeler Manufacturing Plant | Auto & Gadget Show
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: Sandesh News
Lens Manufacturing Process
Lens Manufacturing Process
Published: 2012/11/29
Channel: Habib Farooq
manufacturing process-welding electrodes-MASTER ELECTRODE
manufacturing process-welding electrodes-MASTER ELECTRODE
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: siavash nourani
CORRUGATED BOXES MANUFACTURING का बिज़नस स्टार्ट करे | ALL TYPES OF MACHINES M-098143-12452
CORRUGATED BOXES MANUFACTURING का बिज़नस स्टार्ट करे | ALL TYPES OF MACHINES M-098143-12452
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: Nanak Nam Industries Amritsar M-09814312452
Lamborghini Manufacturing – Supercar Factory
Lamborghini Manufacturing – Supercar Factory
Published: 2017/10/17
Channel: YOUCAR
Honda Manufacturing of Indiana (Greensburg Production Plant)
Honda Manufacturing of Indiana (Greensburg Production Plant)
Published: 2016/11/11
Channel: The Wheel Network
Mahindra Tractor Manufacturing Video for Make in India Week
Mahindra Tractor Manufacturing Video for Make in India Week
Published: 2016/03/27
Channel: gaurav tripathi
Apple - Manufacturing Process Mac Pro [Making Of]
Apple - Manufacturing Process Mac Pro [Making Of]
Published: 2013/11/03
Channel: Pedro Mamprim
Bulb manufacturing
Bulb manufacturing
Published: 2014/09/13
Channel: izhar khan
Training: Aerospace Manufacturing Readiness Program
Training: Aerospace Manufacturing Readiness Program
Published: 2013/04/22
Channel: Scott Rucci
Why some manufacturers are returning to the U.S.
Why some manufacturers are returning to the U.S.
Published: 2016/08/27
Channel: PBS NewsHour
How Smartphones Are Assembled & Manufactured In China.
How Smartphones Are Assembled & Manufactured In China.
Published: 2014/12/15
Channel: Trakin Tech
China Smartphone कैसे बनाता है!  Smartphone manufacture in china in Hindi, produce smartphone
China Smartphone कैसे बनाता है! Smartphone manufacture in china in Hindi, produce smartphone
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: HTS News
QUE ES LEAN MANUFACTURING; Expertos en Procesos Esbeltos y Mejora Continua
QUE ES LEAN MANUFACTURING; Expertos en Procesos Esbeltos y Mejora Continua
Published: 2015/03/23
Channel: IgniusTV Éxito Definitivo Ana Godínez
Lean Manufacturing - Qué es
Lean Manufacturing - Qué es
Published: 2013/03/27
Channel: Francisco Andres
Meet a Manufacturing Engineer
Meet a Manufacturing Engineer
Published: 2013/01/16
Channel: modern machine shop
Jeans Manufacturing in Surat (FACTORY OUTLET)(daily vlogs)
Jeans Manufacturing in Surat (FACTORY OUTLET)(daily vlogs)
Published: 2018/02/14
Channel: daily vlogs
Cement Bricks Manufacturing | MAKING OF BRICKS
Cement Bricks Manufacturing | MAKING OF BRICKS
Published: 2016/01/02
Channel: MADE IN INDIA
Historia de Lean Manufacturing
Historia de Lean Manufacturing
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: Solma Soluciones
Bentley INTERIOR - WOOD CAR FACTORY + How IT Made the BEST Luxury Manufacturing
Bentley INTERIOR - WOOD CAR FACTORY + How IT Made the BEST Luxury Manufacturing
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: GommeBlog.it: Car & Performance
Crankshaft Manufacturing , flexible machining system FMS
Crankshaft Manufacturing , flexible machining system FMS
Published: 2015/11/04
Channel: TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Large-scale manufacturing.

Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation. The term may refer to a range of human activity, from handicraft to high tech, but is most commonly applied to industrial production, in which raw materials are transformed into finished goods on a large scale. Such finished goods may be sold to other manufacturers for the production of other, more complex products, such as aircraft, household appliances, furniture, sports equipment or automobiles, or sold to wholesalers, who in turn sell them to retailers, who then sell them to end users and consumers.

Manufacturing engineering or manufacturing process are the steps through which raw materials are transformed into a final product. The manufacturing process begins with the product design, and materials specification from which the product is made. These materials are then modified through manufacturing processes to become the required part.

Modern manufacturing includes all intermediate processes required in the production and integration of a product's components. Some industries, such as semiconductor and steel manufacturers use the term fabrication instead.

The manufacturing sector is closely connected with engineering and industrial design. Examples of major manufacturers in North America include General Motors Corporation, General Electric, Procter & Gamble, General Dynamics, Boeing, Pfizer, and Precision Castparts. Examples in Europe include Volkswagen Group, Siemens, FCA and Michelin. Examples in Asia include Toyota, Yamaha, Panasonic, Mitsubishi, LG and Samsung.

History and development[edit]

Finished regenerative thermal oxidizer at manufacturing plant
Assembly of Section 41 of a Boeing 787 Dreamliner
An industrial worker amidst heavy steel semi-products (KINEX BEARINGS, Bytča, Slovakia, c. 1995–2000)
  • In its earliest form, manufacturing was usually carried out by a single skilled artisan with assistants. Training was by apprenticeship. In much of the pre-industrial world, the guild system protected the privileges and trade secrets of urban artisans.
  • Before the Industrial Revolution, most manufacturing occurred in rural areas, where household-based manufacturing served as a supplemental subsistence strategy to agriculture (and continues to do so in places). Entrepreneurs organized a number of manufacturing households into a single enterprise through the putting-out system.
  • Toll manufacturing is an arrangement whereby a first firm with specialized equipment processes raw materials or semi-finished goods for a second firm.

Manufacturing systems: changes in methods of manufacturing[edit]

Industrial policy[edit]

Economics of manufacturing[edit]

Emerging technologies have provided some new growth in advanced manufacturing employment opportunities in the Manufacturing Belt in the United States. Manufacturing provides important material support for national infrastructure and for national defense.

On the other hand, most manufacturing may involve significant social and environmental costs. The clean-up costs of hazardous waste, for example, may outweigh the benefits of a product that creates it. Hazardous materials may expose workers to health risks. These costs are now well known and there is effort to address them by improving efficiency, reducing waste, using industrial symbiosis, and eliminating harmful chemicals.

The negative costs of manufacturing can also be addressed legally. Developed countries regulate manufacturing activity with labor laws and environmental laws. Across the globe, manufacturers can be subject to regulations and pollution taxes to offset the environmental costs of manufacturing activities. Labor unions and craft guilds have played a historic role in the negotiation of worker rights and wages. Environment laws and labor protections that are available in developed nations may not be available in the third world. Tort law and product liability impose additional costs on manufacturing. These are significant dynamics in the ongoing process, occurring over the last few decades, of manufacture-based industries relocating operations to "developing-world" economies where the costs of production are significantly lower than in "developed-world" economies.

Manufacturing and investment[edit]

Capacity utilization in manufacturing in the FRG and in the USA

Surveys and analyses of trends and issues in manufacturing and investment around the world focus on such things as:

  • The nature and sources of the considerable variations that occur cross-nationally in levels of manufacturing and wider industrial-economic growth;
  • Competitiveness; and
  • Attractiveness to foreign direct investors.

In addition to general overviews, researchers have examined the features and factors affecting particular key aspects of manufacturing development. They have compared production and investment in a range of Western and non-Western countries and presented case studies of growth and performance in important individual industries and market-economic sectors.[1][2]

On June 26, 2009, Jeff Immelt, the CEO of General Electric, called for the United States to increase its manufacturing base employment to 20% of the workforce, commenting that the U.S. has outsourced too much in some areas and can no longer rely on the financial sector and consumer spending to drive demand.[3] Further, while U.S. manufacturing performs well compared to the rest of the U.S. economy, research shows that it performs poorly compared to manufacturing in other high-wage countries.[4] A total of 3.2 million – one in six U.S. manufacturing jobs – have disappeared between 2000 and 2007.[5] In the UK, EEF the manufacturers organisation has led calls for the UK economy to be rebalanced to rely less on financial services and has actively promoted the manufacturing agenda.

Countries by manufacturing output using the most recent known data[edit]

List of top 20 manufacturing countries by total value of manufacturing in US dollars for its noted year according to Worldbank.[6][7]

Rank Country/Region Millions of $US Year
 World 12,578,627 2014
1  China 3,713,300 2014
9999999  European Union 2,566,070 2014
2  United States 2,068,080 2014
9999999 Logo European Central Bank.svg Eurozone 1,946,857 2014
3  Japan 850,902 2014
4  Germany 787,503 2014
5  South Korea 389,582 2014
6  India 321,721 2014
7  Italy 296,611 2014
8  France 283,664 2014
9  United Kingdom 282,675 2014
10  Russia 248,481 2014
11  Brazil 218,799 2014
12  Mexico 216,773 2014
13  Indonesia 186,744 2014
14  Spain 166,594 2014
15  Canada 162,074 2014
16   Switzerland 128,881 2014
17  Turkey 126,365 2014
18  Thailand 112,214 2014
19  Netherlands 95,683 2014
20  Australia 93,461 2016

Manufacturing processes[edit]

Control[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Manufacturing & Investment Around The World: An International Survey Of Factors Affecting Growth & Performance, ISR Publications/Google Books, revised second edition, 2002. ISBN 978-0-906321-25-6.
  2. ^ Research, Industrial Systems (2002-05-20). "Manufacturing and Investment Around the World: An International Survey of Factors Affecting Growth and Performance". ISBN 978-0-906321-25-6. 
  3. ^ Bailey, David and Soyoung Kim (June 26, 2009).GE's Immelt says U.S. economy needs industrial renewal. UK Guardian. Retrieved on June 28, 2009.
  4. ^ Brookings Institution, Why Does Manufacturing Matter? Which Manufacturing Matters?, February 2012 Archived 2012-10-08 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Factory jobs: 3 million lost since 2000". USATODAY.com. April 20, 2007.
  6. ^ "Manufacturing, value added (current US$)". access in February 20, 2013.
  7. ^ "Manufacturing, value added (current US$) for EU and Eurozone". access in February 20, 2013.

Sources[edit]

  • Kalpakjian, Serope; Steven Schmid (August 2005). Manufacturing, Engineering & Technology. Prentice Hall. pp. 22–36, 951–88. ISBN 0-13-148965-8. 

External links[edit]

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