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Myron Butler & Levi - Stronger
Myron Butler & Levi - Stronger
Published: 2008/06/30
Channel: GospelMusicTV
Myron Butler- Speak
Myron Butler- Speak
Published: 2010/03/31
Channel: Reneikad
Thomas Rhett - Craving You ft. Maren Morris
Thomas Rhett - Craving You ft. Maren Morris
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: ThomasRhettVEVO
Marion Butler (Lil Shirley Caesar)
Marion Butler (Lil Shirley Caesar)
Published: 2011/11/16
Channel: SunshineTB1984
Marion to Butler
Marion to Butler
Published: 2010/04/19
Channel: nbaus
Myron Butler - Bless the Lord
Myron Butler - Bless the Lord
Published: 2012/05/08
Channel: MyronButlerVEVO
Ja
Ja'Marion Butler in church singing his first song
Published: 2011/04/24
Channel: jarvis01butler
Minister Marion Hall — I Had Jesus  Official Video
Minister Marion Hall — I Had Jesus Official Video
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: Minister Marion Hall
Marion to Butler
Marion to Butler
Published: 2010/04/19
Channel: NBA
Marion,Ill-FBI & PD **TYRANT ALERT** 5-8-17
Marion,Ill-FBI & PD **TYRANT ALERT** 5-8-17
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: News Now Houston
Constitutional Auditor gets attacked by a Marion County employee
Constitutional Auditor gets attacked by a Marion County employee
Published: 2015/10/10
Channel: The Constitutional Auditor
TYRANT ALERT   Marion IL   FBI Field Office   1st amendment audit - MIRRORED
TYRANT ALERT Marion IL FBI Field Office 1st amendment audit - MIRRORED
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: Its that Magic you crave
Marion butler
Marion butler
Published: 2013/02/16
Channel: Kathy Bowser
City of Marion Illinois Mayor Robert Butler
City of Marion Illinois Mayor Robert Butler
Published: 2015/03/09
Channel: City of Marion Illinois
Marion butler
Marion butler
Published: 2013/02/16
Channel: Kathy Bowser
Download Marion Butler and American Populism
Download Marion Butler and American Populism
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: Thea Kristiansen
Marion Butler smiling
Marion Butler smiling
Published: 2011/01/07
Channel: Katherine Craig Chambers
Butler vs Marion County [GAME] - HS Basketball 2015-16
Butler vs Marion County [GAME] - HS Basketball 2015-16
Published: 2015/11/18
Channel: KySports.TV
Marion Butler - Life Story Digital Film
Marion Butler - Life Story Digital Film
Published: 2013/04/03
Channel: lifestorynetfilms
Marion butler at home 16 months
Marion butler at home 16 months
Published: 2012/01/18
Channel: Katherine Craig Chambers
Marion Mayor Robert Butler creates ordinance limiting free speech.
Marion Mayor Robert Butler creates ordinance limiting free speech.
Published: 2014/10/22
Channel: None Dare Call It Corruption
FBI collusion with Marion IL pd  TYRANT ALERT TEASER
FBI collusion with Marion IL pd TYRANT ALERT TEASER
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: Constitutional Corner
Marion and Mississinewa honor Andrew Smith.
Marion and Mississinewa honor Andrew Smith.
Published: 2016/02/10
Channel: Overlook Productions Inc. Mark Fauser
Marion,Ill-FBI & PD **TYRANT ALERT** 5-8-17
Marion,Ill-FBI & PD **TYRANT ALERT** 5-8-17
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: News Now Wisconsin
Marion Blocks Butler
Marion Blocks Butler
Published: 2010/01/21
Channel: macgvids
Introduction
Introduction
Published: 2016/04/24
Channel: Marion Butler
MAV
MAV'S CHAMPIONSHIP WIN !-Neon Fishbowl Studios Interview with Shawn Marion/Coron Butler
Published: 2011/04/10
Channel: i5 Media
Marion Krause diktiert sämtliche Inhalte in butler 21 ein.
Marion Krause diktiert sämtliche Inhalte in butler 21 ein.
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: prosozial tv
4 Tyrants 1 Video Marion PD and FBI 1st Amendment Audit 1st Amendment Test
4 Tyrants 1 Video Marion PD and FBI 1st Amendment Audit 1st Amendment Test
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: P and P News
"Ethically Impossible?"  The U.S. Sexually Transmitted Disease Studies in Guatemala
"Ethically Impossible?" The U.S. Sexually Transmitted Disease Studies in Guatemala
Published: 2012/09/21
Channel: UVA Medical Center Hour
Marion Mayor Robert L. Butler campaign 2011
Marion Mayor Robert L. Butler campaign 2011
Published: 2011/02/18
Channel: CustomVideoProductio
Escaping Melodramas: Reflections on Historical Events, Government Apologies and Public Outcries
Escaping Melodramas: Reflections on Historical Events, Government Apologies and Public Outcries
Published: 2011/05/11
Channel: Johns Hopkins University
Caron Butler Crosses Over Shawn Marion and Nails Game Winner
Caron Butler Crosses Over Shawn Marion and Nails Game Winner
Published: 2009/04/11
Channel: Michael Lee
Marion Mayor Robert Butler screams SHUT UP at taxpayer
Marion Mayor Robert Butler screams SHUT UP at taxpayer
Published: 2014/10/22
Channel: None Dare Call It Corruption
john butler marion bay feb 2015
john butler marion bay feb 2015
Published: 2015/03/01
Channel: Rob !
Marion Mayor Bob Butler comments during ribbon-cutting ceremony for new I-57 interchange in Marion
Marion Mayor Bob Butler comments during ribbon-cutting ceremony for new I-57 interchange in Marion
Published: 2015/08/12
Channel: The Southern
د. احمد عمارة | سر الاستمتاع في الحياة وتحقيق اليسر وازالة العقبات
د. احمد عمارة | سر الاستمتاع في الحياة وتحقيق اليسر وازالة العقبات
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: Marion Butler
Stirling doing flashcards with Mer Bear
Stirling doing flashcards with Mer Bear
Published: 2011/04/21
Channel: Katherine Craig Chambers
د. احمد عمارة | الصبر وكيف تصل به لتحقيق الاهداف ؟
د. احمد عمارة | الصبر وكيف تصل به لتحقيق الاهداف ؟
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: Marion Butler
Smoke your competition!
Smoke your competition!
Published: 2013/01/11
Channel: Marion Butler
د. احمد عمارة | ضعف التركيز واساليب تقويته
د. احمد عمارة | ضعف التركيز واساليب تقويته
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: Marion Butler
د. احمد عمارة | كيف تتغلب على مشاعر الحزن وتركز على الايجابيات
د. احمد عمارة | كيف تتغلب على مشاعر الحزن وتركز على الايجابيات
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: Marion Butler
د. احمد عمارة | تقبل الواقع وتحقيق قانون الجذب
د. احمد عمارة | تقبل الواقع وتحقيق قانون الجذب
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: Marion Butler
Zay
Zay's Concert 1
Published: 2014/12/12
Channel: Marion Butler
Zay
Zay's Concert 3
Published: 2014/12/12
Channel: Marion Butler
د.أحمد عمارة - تحياتي - أساسيات النجاح والفلاح 1-2
د.أحمد عمارة - تحياتي - أساسيات النجاح والفلاح 1-2
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: Marion Butler
Ode to John Mulaney
Ode to John Mulaney
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: Marion Butler
Zay
Zay's Concert 2
Published: 2014/12/12
Channel: Marion Butler
د. احمد عمارة | ندوة كيف تتغير لتسمتع بالحياة ؟
د. احمد عمارة | ندوة كيف تتغير لتسمتع بالحياة ؟
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: Marion Butler
احمد عمارة | كيف تتخلص من الاحباط وتقاوم اليأس
احمد عمارة | كيف تتخلص من الاحباط وتقاوم اليأس
Published: 2017/03/18
Channel: Marion Butler
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Marion Butler
Marion Butler.jpg
United States Senator
from North Carolina
In office
March 4, 1895 – March 4, 1901
Preceded by Matt W. Ransom
Succeeded by Furnifold M. Simmons
Personal details
Born (1863-05-20)May 20, 1863
Sampson County, North Carolina
Died June 3, 1938(1938-06-03) (aged 75)
Takoma Park, Maryland
Nationality American
Political party Populist (previously a Democrat, later a Republican)
Spouse(s) Florence Faison Butler
Alma mater University of North Carolina
Profession Politician, Farmer, Lawyer, Editor, Publisher

Marion Butler (May 20, 1863 – June 3, 1938) was a Populist U.S. senator from the state of North Carolina between 1895 and 1901 and brother of George Edwin Butler.

Early life[edit]

Butler was born in rural Sampson County, North Carolina during the American Civil War. He was a graduate of the University of North Carolina, where he was a member of the Philanthropic Literary Society. His goal of practicing law was not immediately realized due to his father's death, which forced Butler to take responsibility for managing the family farm in lieu of further education.

Farmers' Alliance and Populism[edit]

When the Farmers' Alliance movement spread from the Southwest into North Carolina in the late 1880s, he immediately joined the organization, and it provided him a ladder of political opportunity that he climbed with impressive speed. As the son of yeoman farmers, Butler grew up in a strong agrarian tradition. Possessing the formal education and literate articulateness provided from his years at the University of North Carolina, Butler stood out from his fellow farmers and, by the age of 25, was elected President of the local Farmers' Alliance and was elected President of the National Farmer's Alliance in 1893.[1]

Still a Democrat at this time, Butler was elected to the North Carolina Senate as an "Alliance Democrat" in 1890. In 1891, at age 28, he was elected President of the State Farmers' Alliance. Due to a general distaste for Democratic nominee Grover Cleveland, and the North Carolina Democratic Party's ruling that no voter could vote on a "split ticket", Butler led a mass exodus of Alliance members and followers from the Democratic party which had ruled the state since Reconstruction, to the Populist, or "People's Party" in 1892.[2]

During his tenure with the Populists, Butler was an advocate of "Fusion", meaning outright cooperation with the North Carolina Republican Party as a means to achieve some of the more important goals of his party. While some Populists disliked what they saw as a compromise made on some of their core beliefs, Butler saw short-term success, as the Populists and Republicans together polled a larger vote than the Democrats in the election of 1892, and swept both houses of the legislature in the Election of 1894.

Senate career[edit]

In 1894, Butler was elected as United States Senator from North Carolina, serving alongside Senator Jeter C. Pritchard.[2] As a United States Senator, Butler continued to advocate for workable reforms from the Populist Party Platform, including the regulation or outright ownership by the United States Government of railroads and telegraphs, as well as for a silver-based currency system.[3]

Butler obtained national prominence in the United States presidential election, 1896 when he orchestrated a compromise between Democrats and Populists. Populists endorsed Democratic nominee William Jennings Bryan on a ticket with Populist vice-presidential nominee Thomas E. Watson. This was another example of "fusion" under Butler. Ironically, this national Populist-Democrat cooperation coincided with the Populist-Republican cooperation in North Carolina.[1] After Bryan's loss, Butler continued to work for reform on the national stage which would benefit farmers, but this work would soon be cut short by the "white supremacy" campaigns of the Democratic Party in North Carolina. Butler lost his bid for re-election in 1900, however he would remain the national chairman of the People's Party until 1904 when he would officially become a Republican. Butler joined the Progressive Republican Faction of the National Republican Party alongside notable individuals such as Theodore Roosevelt. [4]

Post–Senate career[edit]

During his time as Senator, Butler received his law degree from the University of North Carolina, and after his electoral defeat in 1904, practiced law in Washington, D.C.[1][3]

He had married Florence Faison of Sampson County on August 31, 1893, and they had five children: Pocahontas, Marion, Edward F., Florence F., and Wiley.[1] The former Senator died in Takoma Park, Maryland in 1938, and was buried at Saint Paul's Episcopal Church in Clinton, North Carolina.[5] A portrait of Marion Butler during his time in the U.S. Senate is included in the collection of the Dialectic and Philanthropic Societies in their chambers on the campus of the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Legacy[edit]

Butler's legacy is surrounded by considerable debate among scholars of the era. Progressive historians, who tend to look favorably on the goals of the Populist Movement in general have often discarded Butler's fusionism, silver-backed currency and emphasis on white supremacy as being "un-Populist".[6] In refuting this analysis, some historians point to Butler's immense popularity among Populist adherents, and to the fact that Butler held at different times the Presidency of the National Farmers' Alliance and was Chairman of the Populist Party itself.[7]

Regardless of the classification of Butler's beliefs and actions, it is undisputed that his actions and rhetoric were extremely influential in the North Carolina and national Populist movement, especially after the death of Leonidas L. Polk, the movement's elder statesman, in 1892.

The Marion Butler Birthplace was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.[8]

References[edit]

  1. William S. Powell, Dictionary of North Carolina Biography (1979)
  2. James L. Hunt, Marion Butler and American Populism (2003)
  3. James M. Beeby, Revolt of the Tar Heels: The North Carolina Populist Movement, 1890–1901 (2008)

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Durden, Robert F. "Marion Butler, 1863–1938". docsouth.unc.edu. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  2. ^ a b James L. Hunt, Marion Butler and American Populism (2003)
  3. ^ a b Powell, supra.
  4. ^ http://www.designhammer.com, Website. "North Carolina History Project : Marion Butler (1863–1938)". www.northcarolinahistory.org. Retrieved 2015-05-21. 
  5. ^ Hunt, supra.
  6. ^ Hunt, supra pp. 2–4
  7. ^ Hunt, supra pp. 6–7
  8. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 

External links[edit]

U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Matt W. Ransom
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from North Carolina
March 4, 1895 – March 4, 1901
Served alongside: Jeter C. Pritchard
Succeeded by
Furnifold M. Simmons
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Lee Mantle
Most Senior Living U.S. Senator
(Sitting or Former)

November 18, 1934 – June 3, 1938
Succeeded by
Henry Heitfeld

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