North Street in Marshall
Location of Marshall, Missouri
|• Mayor||Mark Gooden|
|• Total||10.28 sq mi (26.63 km2)|
|• Land||10.22 sq mi (26.47 km2)|
|• Water||0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)|
|Elevation||764 ft (233 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||13,033|
|• Density||1,278.4/sq mi (493.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0721900|
Marshall is a city in Saline County, Missouri, United States. The population was 13,065 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Saline County. The Marshall Micropolitan Statistical Area consists of Saline County. It is home to Missouri Valley College.
Sixty-five acres of land for the city of Marshall was donated by Jeremiah O’Dell, deeded on April 13, 1839. It was named for the United States Supreme Court Chief Justice, John Marshall, when chosen for the county seat. After the first two courthouses in Marshall were lost to fires, the Saline County Courthouse was constructed in January 1882. It was later placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977. It is an enduring landmark in the center of the Marshall Square and a legacy of nineteenth century architecture.
The Nicholas-Beazley Airplane Company was an American aircraft manufacturer of the 1920s and 1930s with its headquarters in Marshall, Missouri. At its peak, the company produced as many as one aircraft per day. In 1937, production of aircraft ceased, after the great depression. Today, the Nicholas Beazley Aviation Museum is located at the Marshall Airport filled with aviation history. ConAgra Foods owns the property of the old Nicholas-Beazley Airplane Company factory building located right off the Marshall square; it was torn down in the summer of 2015 to expand the ConAgra plant.[better source needed]
Marshall is rich in music history. Marshall is the home of Bob James, the acclaimed jazz musician, the Foothills Fest Music Festival, The Marshall Municipal Band and also notably the home to the Marshall Philharmonic Orchestra. The Orchestra performs every year for the public, free of charge, and has been featured in the LA Times in 2006 and on NBC's American Almanac in December 1985 among other local media outlets. The Philharmonic Orchestra has been performing for 52 years and counting. The Philharmonic usually performs on the Courthouse lawn every week during the summer months and fills the town square with music.
Marshall is also home to Jim the Wonder Dog. Jim earned his reputation as a 'wonder dog' during the 1930s, puzzling psychologists from both Washington University, St. Louis and University of Missouri in Columbia. Dr. A. J. Durant, director of the School of Veterinary Medicine, tested Jim's abilities in a public demonstration. He concluded that Jim, "possessed an occult power that might never come again to a dog in many generations." Jim seemed to have the ability to guess the sex of an unborn baby and answer to orders in many different languages even though his owner, Sam Van Arsdale, only spoke English. Jim the Wonder Dog picked the winner of the Kentucky Derby seven years in a row. He also predicted the Yankee victory in the 1936 World Series. A joint session of the Missouri Legislature was called in order to witness the talents of Jim. He died March 18, 1937.[better source needed]
During the Civil War, Marshall was garrisoned by Union Troops. Although Marshall was strategically unimportant, the town was the victim of two Confederate raids and site of the climactic Battle of Marshall.
Missouri Valley College was founded in Marshall in 1889. The history of Missouri Valley College began during a conference at Sarcoxie, Missouri, on October 27, 1874 where the representatives of the several Presbyterian synods in the state of Missouri met to discuss founding the school. The school was affiliated with the Cumberland Presbyterian Church for a long period.
The college's original building, Baity Hall was built in 1889 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Victorian era building is notable for its beautiful wooden staircase, vaulted wooden ceilings and stained glass windows. Missouri Valley College is a private, four-year liberal arts college affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (USA). The 150-acre (60.7 ha) campus is in Marshall, Missouri. The college was founded in 1889 and supports 27 academic majors and an enrollment close to 1,800 students. Missouri Valley College is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission, a Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools.[better source needed]
In addition to Baity Hall, the Chicago and Alton Depot, First Presbyterian Church, Fitzgibbon Hospital, Free Will Baptist Church of Pennytown, Mt. Carmel Historic District, Saline County Courthouse, Utz Site, Van Meter State Park Combination Building, and Van Meter State Park Shelter Building are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.28 square miles (26.63 km2), of which, 10.22 square miles (26.47 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 13,065 people, 4,741 households, and 2,946 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,278.4 inhabitants per square mile (493.6/km2). There were 5,276 housing units at an average density of 516.2 per square mile (199.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 79.2% White, 7.8% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 1.2% Pacific Islander, 7.7% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.2% of the population.
There were 4,741 households of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.9% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.07.
The median age in the city was 32.9 years. 23.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 15.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.5% were from 25 to 44; 22.8% were from 45 to 64; and 14.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.
As of the 2000 census, with a population of 12,433, showed 4,732 households, and 2,985 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,225.4 people per square mile (472.9/km²). There were 5,127 housing units at an average density of 505.3 per square mile (195.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.05% White, 7.40% African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.34% Pacific Islander, 3.46% from other races, and 1.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.17% of the population.
There were 4,732 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 13.0% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,649, and the median income for a family was $36,686. Males had a median income of $26,556 versus $19,688 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,646. About 12.5% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.6% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.
In October 2006, a resident of Marshall attempted to have the graphic novels Fun Home by Alison Bechdel and Blankets by Craig Thompson removed from the Marshall Public Library. Supporters of the books' removal characterized them as "pornography" and expressed concern that they would be read by children. Marshall Public Library Director Amy Crump defended the books as having been well-reviewed in "reputable, professional book review journals," and characterized the removal attempt as a step towards "the slippery slope of censorship". On October 11, 2006, the Marshall Public Library Board of Trustees appointed a committee to create a materials selection policy, and removed Fun Home and Blankets from circulation until the new policy was approved. On March 14, 2007, the board voted to return both Fun Home and Blankets to the library's shelves.
The Marshall Public School District serves Marshall in K-12 education. Missouri Valley College is located in Marshall.