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Martin Luther King Sr (Daddy King) The inescapable christ
Martin Luther King Sr (Daddy King) The inescapable christ
Published: 2016/10/07
Channel: Praise move
KTLA News: "Martin Luther King, Sr. press conference in Los Angeles" (1963)
KTLA News: "Martin Luther King, Sr. press conference in Los Angeles" (1963)
Published: 2016/09/06
Channel: UCLAFilmTVArchive
'Daddy King' Autobiography Offers Glimpse Into Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s inspiration.
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: Roland Martin
News Item (0ca6a1ca-a0cd-57ee-7630-2cefeb700dd7)
News Item (0ca6a1ca-a0cd-57ee-7630-2cefeb700dd7)
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Martin Luther King, Sr.
Martin Luther King, Sr.
Published: 2014/11/24
Channel: Audiopedia
Martin Luther King, Jr. On NBC
Martin Luther King, Jr. On NBC's Meet the Press (1965) | Archives | NBC News
Published: 2012/01/13
Channel: NBC News
Visiting the Ebenezer Baptist Church Atlanta
Visiting the Ebenezer Baptist Church Atlanta
Published: 2016/03/21
Channel: Bonnie Burger
JESSIE JACKSON KILLED MARTIN LUTHER KING JR
JESSIE JACKSON KILLED MARTIN LUTHER KING JR
Published: 2012/05/15
Channel: Wrb Ministries
The Martin Luther King Sr. Choir Ebenezer Baptist Atlanta
The Martin Luther King Sr. Choir Ebenezer Baptist Atlanta
Published: 2013/02/09
Channel: Lance Jackson
Martin Luther King  - Sermon at the Ebenezer Baptist Church on April 30, 1967
Martin Luther King - Sermon at the Ebenezer Baptist Church on April 30, 1967
Published: 2016/01/18
Channel: World Peace
Martin Luther King Jr Funeral New Leaked Footage new 2013
Martin Luther King Jr Funeral New Leaked Footage new 2013
Published: 2013/01/24
Channel: StruttingPhilTeam
Martin Luther King Jr. on NBC
Martin Luther King Jr. on NBC's Meet the Press in 1965 | When Meet the Press Met Martin Luther King
Published: 2013/01/20
Channel: inspirational chatter
The Story of Martin Luther King Jr. by Kid President
The Story of Martin Luther King Jr. by Kid President
Published: 2015/01/19
Channel: SoulPancake
Samuel L. Jackson Discusses Being An Usher At Martin Luther King Sr.
Samuel L. Jackson Discusses Being An Usher At Martin Luther King Sr.'s Funeral At Morehouse
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: X17onlineVideo
1968 Martin Luther King Assassination, Funeral, Robert Kennedy speaks Stock Footage HD
1968 Martin Luther King Assassination, Funeral, Robert Kennedy speaks Stock Footage HD
Published: 2016/07/20
Channel: MyFootage.com
15 Facts about Martin Luter King
15 Facts about Martin Luter King
Published: 2016/06/04
Channel: Your 10Ten Facts
Martin Luther King Preaching Righteousness
Martin Luther King Preaching Righteousness
Published: 2010/10/18
Channel: lionofjudaone
The Rev. Forrest E. Harris Sr. speaks at Martin Luther King Day celebration in KCK
The Rev. Forrest E. Harris Sr. speaks at Martin Luther King Day celebration in KCK
Published: 2015/01/20
Channel: KansasCityStarVideo
Rev. Jesse Douglas Sr. talks about Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.
Rev. Jesse Douglas Sr. talks about Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.
Published: 2015/01/15
Channel: Charlotte Observer
Martin Luther King, Jr. for Kids | Martin Luther King for Children | Martin Luther | MLK for Kids
Martin Luther King, Jr. for Kids | Martin Luther King for Children | Martin Luther | MLK for Kids
Published: 2016/06/06
Channel: Super Kids
Passages of Martin Luther King - pt. 1, King, Sr. and Jr., court the women they will marry.flv
Passages of Martin Luther King - pt. 1, King, Sr. and Jr., court the women they will marry.flv
Published: 2010/07/31
Channel: Clayborne Carson
Join us and Be Greater Atlanta! (Ebenezer Baptist Church)
Join us and Be Greater Atlanta! (Ebenezer Baptist Church)
Published: 2013/05/10
Channel: United Way of Greater Atlanta
What
What's the link between Samuel L. Jackson & Martin Luther King Jr. ? watch and find out
Published: 2016/10/07
Channel: TMI.BUZZ
Martin Luther King Jr. | MLK | Michael King | Martin Luther King Day
Martin Luther King Jr. | MLK | Michael King | Martin Luther King Day
Published: 2015/12/05
Channel: Edupedia World
Dr. Richard Wills, Sr.: Has Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Dr. Richard Wills, Sr.: Has Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Dream Been Fulfilled?
Published: 2013/08/24
Channel: America Preachers
Dr. C.A.W. Clark preaching
Dr. C.A.W. Clark preaching 'The Lucy Crowd'
Published: 2015/03/01
Channel: BRVideos4Christ
Martin Luther King for Kids | Martin Luther King for Children | Martin Luther King Story
Martin Luther King for Kids | Martin Luther King for Children | Martin Luther King Story
Published: 2016/06/07
Channel: Super Kids
Martin Luther King, Jr. Sr. High School Marching Band
Martin Luther King, Jr. Sr. High School Marching Band
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: SHAQ TV
Martin Luther King, Sr. - 1978 Father of the Year Honoree Speech Excerpt
Martin Luther King, Sr. - 1978 Father of the Year Honoree Speech Excerpt
Published: 2016/07/12
Channel: The Father's Day / Mother's Day Council
Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King's Last Speech: "I've Been To The Mountaintop"
Published: 2010/04/04
Channel: NewsPoliticsInfo
The Death of Martin Luther King
The Death of Martin Luther King
Published: 2013/01/19
Channel: Reveal
Falwell opposes MLK day in 1983
Falwell opposes MLK day in 1983
Published: 2013/08/27
Channel: CNN
4th Annual MLK Celebration, Welcome & Prayer Sr. Pastor Dono Pelham
4th Annual MLK Celebration, Welcome & Prayer Sr. Pastor Dono Pelham
Published: 2014/01/22
Channel: Dono Pelham
Martin Luther King Jr Sr H.S Deca
Martin Luther King Jr Sr H.S Deca's Finish Line Challenge
Published: 2012/12/15
Channel: Christian Godfrey
Aretha Franklin Precious Lord (Martin Luther King Funeral)(1968)
Aretha Franklin Precious Lord (Martin Luther King Funeral)(1968)
Published: 2013/04/27
Channel: IloveArethaFranklin
2012 Martin Luther King Celebration - Sr. Pastor Dono Pelham
2012 Martin Luther King Celebration - Sr. Pastor Dono Pelham
Published: 2012/02/07
Channel: Dono Pelham
IN the HOUR of CHAOS (2016) Extended Trailer
IN the HOUR of CHAOS (2016) Extended Trailer
Published: 2015/07/07
Channel: Bayer Mack
MLK Sr. legacy continues in Atlanta community collaborative
MLK Sr. legacy continues in Atlanta community collaborative
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: Casey Family Programs
Jeffrey J. Coprich, Sr. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Celebration
Jeffrey J. Coprich, Sr. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Celebration
Published: 2012/01/18
Channel: FOSDP
Martin Luther King historic site, Atlanta, Georgia
Martin Luther King historic site, Atlanta, Georgia
Published: 2015/10/29
Channel: placesofinterest
Martin Luther King Jr. Biography | Martin Luther King Jr. American Baptist minister
Martin Luther King Jr. Biography | Martin Luther King Jr. American Baptist minister
Published: 2016/05/02
Channel: MyInfoline Business Pages
John Reed ask Jesse Jackson Sr. about hanging out with Martin Luther King Jr.
John Reed ask Jesse Jackson Sr. about hanging out with Martin Luther King Jr.
Published: 2013/04/04
Channel: John Reed
Funeral of Dr. Martin Luther King 1968
Funeral of Dr. Martin Luther King 1968
Published: 2011/05/10
Channel: historycomestolife
Thank You, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Thank You, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Published: 2014/01/20
Channel: Bobby Ray Ivory Jr
Martin Luther King Quotes On Equality
Martin Luther King Quotes On Equality
Published: 2016/07/27
Channel: Inspirational Quotes
National Historic Site Martin Luther King Jr. Atlanta Georgia
National Historic Site Martin Luther King Jr. Atlanta Georgia
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: Kimberly Killeri
Earl Smith, Sr., Talks Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.,
Earl Smith, Sr., Talks Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.,
Published: 2014/01/14
Channel: RazzandJazzSports
Has Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Has Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Dream Been Fulfilled?
Published: 2013/01/21
Channel: America Preachers
Naomi Barber King
Naomi Barber King's Pro-Life Testimony
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: Walter B. Hoye II
Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King's Burial site
Published: 2009/07/14
Channel: kickrocksTV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Reverend
Martin Luther King Sr.
Martin Luther King Sr, c1977-81.jpg
Born Michael King
(1899-12-19)December 19, 1899
Stockbridge, Georgia, United States
Died November 11, 1984(1984-11-11) (aged 84)
Atlanta, Georgia, United States
Cause of death Heart attack
Occupation Religious minister
Political party Republican Party
Spouse(s) Alberta Williams King (1926–1974; her death)
Children
Parent(s)
  • James King (1863–1933)
  • Delia Linsey King (1875–1924)
Signature
Martin Luther King, Sr. Signature.svg

Martin Luther King Sr. (born Michael King; December 19, 1899 – November 11, 1984), was an American Baptist pastor, missionary, and an early figure in the Civil Rights Movement. He was the father of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.

Early life[edit]

King was born Michael King in Stockbridge, Georgia, the son of Delia (née Linsey) and James Albert King.[1] He led the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia, and became a leader of the Civil Rights Movement, as the head of the NAACP chapter in Atlanta and of the Civic and Political League. He encouraged his son to become active in the movement.

Ebenezer Baptist Church[edit]

King was a member of the Baptist Church and decided to become a preacher after being inspired by ministers who were prepared to stand up for racial equality. He left Stockbridge for Atlanta, where his sister Woodie was boarding with Reverend A.D. Williams, then pastor of the First Baptist Church (Atlanta, Georgia). He attended Dillard University for a two-year degree. After King started courting Williams' daughter, Alberta, her family encouraged him to finish his education and to become a preacher. King completed his high school education at Bryant Preparatory School, and began to preach in several black churches in Atlanta.

In 1926, King started his ministerial degree at the Morehouse School of Religion. On Thanksgiving Day in 1926, after eight years of courtship, he married Alberta in the Ebenezer Church. The couple had three children in four years: a daughter, Willie Christine King (born 1927), Martin Luther King Jr. (born Michael King Jr., 1929–1968), and a second son, Alfred Daniel Williams King (1930–1969).

King became leader of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in March 1931 after the death of Williams. With the country in the midst of the Great Depression, church finances were struggling, but King organized membership and fundraising drives that restored these to health. By 1934, King had become a widely respected leader of the local church. That year, he also changed his name (and that of his eldest son) from Michael King to Martin Luther King after becoming inspired during a trip to Germany by the life of Martin Luther (1483–1546), the German theologian who initiated the Protestant Reformation (though he never changed his name legally).[2][unreliable source?]

King was the pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church for four decades, wielding great influence in the black community and earning some degree of respect from the white community. He also broadcast on WAEC, a religious radio station in Atlanta.

In his 1950 essay An Autobiography of Religious Development, King Jr. wrote that his father was a major influence on his entering the ministry. He said, "I guess the influence of my father also had a great deal to do with my going in the ministry. This is not to say that he ever spoke to me in terms of being a minister, but that my admiration for him was the great moving factor; He set forth a noble example that I didn't mind following."

King Jr. often recounted that his father frequently sent him to work in the fields. He said that in this way he would gain a healthier respect for his forefathers.

In his autobiography, King Jr. remembered his father leaving a shoe shop because he and his son were asked to change seats. He said, "This was the first time I had seen Dad so furious. That experience revealed to me at a very early age that my father had not adjusted to the system, and he played a great part in shaping my conscience. I still remember walking down the street beside him as he muttered, 'I don't care how long I have to live with this system, I will never accept it.'"[3]

Another story related by King Jr. was that once the car his father was driving was stopped by a police officer, and the officer addressed the senior King as "boy". King pointed to his son, saying, "This is a boy, I'm a man; until you call me one, I will not listen to you."

King Jr. became an associate pastor at Ebenezer in 1948, and his father wrote a letter of recommendation for him to Crozer Theological Seminary. Despite theological differences, father and son would later serve together as joint pastors at the church.

King was a major figure in the Civil Rights Movement in Georgia, where he rose to become the head of the NAACP in Atlanta and the Civic and Political League. He led the fight for equal teachers' salaries in Atlanta. He also played an instrumental role in ending Jim Crow laws in the state. King had refused to ride on Atlanta's bus system since the 1920s after a vicious attack on black passengers with no action against those responsible. King stressed the need for an educated, politically active black ministry.

In October 1960, when King Jr., was arrested at a peaceful sit-in in Atlanta, Robert Kennedy telephoned the judge and helped secure his release. Although King Sr. had previously opposed Kennedy because he was a Catholic,[citation needed] he expressed his appreciation for these calls and switched his support to Kennedy. At this time, King had been a lifelong registered Republican, and had endorsed Republican Richard Nixon.[citation needed]

King Jr. soon became a popular civil rights activist. Taking inspiration from Mohandas Gandhi of India, he led nonviolent protests in order to win greater rights for African Americans.

King Jr. was shot and killed in 1968. King Sr.'s youngest son, Alfred Daniel Williams King, died of an accidental drowning on July 21, 1969, nine days before his 39th birthday.

In 1969, King was one of several members of the Morehouse College board of trustees held hostage on the campus by a group of students demanding reform in the school’s curriculum and governance. One of the students was Samuel L. Jackson, who was suspended for his actions. Jackson subsequently became an actor and Academy Award nominee.[4]

King played a notable role in the nomination of Jimmy Carter as the Democratic candidate for President in the 1976 election. After Carter's success in the Iowa caucus, the New Hampshire primary and the Florida primary, some liberal Democrats were worried about his success and began an "ABC" ("Anyone But Carter") movement to try to head off his nomination. King pointed to Carter's leadership in ending the era of segregation in Georgia, and helping to repeal laws restricting voting which especially disenfranchised African Americans. With King's support, Carter continued to build a coalition of black and white voters and win the nomination. King delivered the invocation at the 1976 and 1980 Democratic National Conventions. King was also a member of Omega Psi Phi.

Murder of wife[edit]

King Sr.'s wife and King Jr.'s mother, Alberta, was murdered by Marcus Wayne Chenault on Sunday, June 30, 1974, at the Ebenezer Baptist Church during Sunday services. Chenault was an African-American man from Ohio who stood up and yelled, "You are serving a false God", and began to fire from two pistols while Alberta was playing "The Lord's Prayer" on the church organ.[5] Upon capture, the assassin disclosed that his intended target was Martin Luther King Sr., who was elsewhere that Sunday. After failing to see Mr. King Sr., the killer instead fatally shot Alberta King and Rev. Edward Boykin.[6] Chenault stated that he was driven to murder after concluding that "black ministers were a menace to black people" and that "all Christians are my enemies".[7]

Later life and death[edit]

With his son's widow Coretta Scott King, King was present when President Carter awarded a Presidential Medal of Freedom to King Jr. posthumously in 1977. In 1980, he published his autobiography. King died of a heart attack at the Crawford W. Long Hospital in Atlanta on November 11, 1984, at age 84. He was interred next to his wife Alberta at the South View Cemetery in Atlanta.[8]

In film[edit]

Poster for the 2016 documentary film In the Hour of Chaos.

In the Hour of Chaos is a 2016 American documentary drama written and directed by Bayer Mack (The Czar of Black Hollywood), which tells the story of King Sr.'s rise from an impoverished childhood in the violent backwoods of Georgia to become patriarch of one of the most famous – and tragedy-plagued – families in history.[9]

From The Huffington Post:

The documentary weaves strands of three stories into one. The underpinnings of the documentary are the events of the time — everything from the Atlanta Riots and the disenfranchisement of blacks throughout the South to the era of prohibition and war time. Over this background, there are two more stories — that of Daddy King and the story of Daddy’s influence on Martin Jr.[10]

Part one of In the Hour of Chaos aired on public television in early 2016 and the full film was released online July 1, 2016.[11][12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "King, Martin Luther (Michael) Sr. (1897–1984)". Kingencyclopedia.stanford.edu. Retrieved March 7, 2016. 
  2. ^ Mohn, Tanya (2012-01-12). "Martin Luther King Jr.: The German Connection and How He Got His Name". Forbes.com. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  3. ^ Chapter 1: Early Years. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr.
  4. ^ Thespian Net. Samuel L. Jackson. Retrieved 24 April 2007.
  5. ^ Burns, Rebecca (2012-06-28). "The murder of Alberta King". Atlanta Magazine. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  6. ^ Boykin II, James M. (2015-06-24). "Church shooting evokes memories, prayers and more letters to the editors". Times Free Press. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  7. ^ DeLaney, Paul (1974-07-08). "Suspect Believed in Religious Hate". Milwaukee Journal. Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  8. ^ Find a Grave
  9. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt4952372
  10. ^ http://www.huffingtonpost.com/kate-kelly/daddy-kings-story-told-in_b_9005656.html
  11. ^ https://vimeo.com/ondemand/inthehourofchaos
  12. ^ https://www.cctvcambridge.org/node/367457

Further reading[edit]

  • David Collins (1986) Not Only Dreamers: the story of Martin Luther King Sr. and Martin Luther King Jr. (Elgin, Ill: Brethren Press) ISBN 978-0-87178-612-8
  • Rev. Martin Luther King Sr. (1980) Daddy King: an Autobiography (New York: William Morrow & Co.) ISBN 978-0-688-03699-7
  • Mary-Anne Coupell (1985) Martin Luther King Jr.'s Whole Life, (Beijing: Brethren Press)
  • Murray M. Silver, Esq. (2009) Daddy King and Me; Memories of the Forgotten Father of the Civil Rights Movement, (Savannah, Ga., Continental Shelf Publishers) ISBN 978-0-9822583-2-3

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