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Martin Wickramasinghe - Sinhala Documentary| SLIITMetro2017
Martin Wickramasinghe - Sinhala Documentary| SLIITMetro2017
Published: 2017/06/19
Channel: Interactive Multimedia Technology SLIIT Metro Campus, 2017
Martin Wickramasinghe
Martin Wickramasinghe
Published: 2016/08/14
Channel: anusha palpita
Sri Lanka Telecom Pura Varuna - Great Novelist Martin Wickramasinghe
Sri Lanka Telecom Pura Varuna - Great Novelist Martin Wickramasinghe
Published: 2015/01/19
Channel: Sri Lanka Telecom
Martin Wickramasinghe by Ceylon Holidays CMB
Martin Wickramasinghe by Ceylon Holidays CMB
Published: 2012/09/30
Channel: S S Senawatte
martin wicramasingha story
martin wicramasingha story
Published: 2015/08/08
Channel: video MS camal
essay about martin wickramasinghe
essay about martin wickramasinghe
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Александр Снетков
Martin Wickramasinghe Museum
Martin Wickramasinghe Museum
Published: 2017/03/30
Channel: Piyawara lk
මඩොල් දූව පොත ස්ටැප්ලර් කල අපුරු ක්‍රමය - Madol Duwa Book
මඩොල් දූව පොත ස්ටැප්ලර් කල අපුරු ක්‍රමය - Madol Duwa Book
Published: 2016/09/26
Channel: Ada Dawasa
122nd Birth anniversary of Martin Wickremasinghe
122nd Birth anniversary of Martin Wickremasinghe
Published: 2012/05/29
Channel: Newsfirst Sri Lanka
martin wikramasinghe room
martin wikramasinghe room
Published: 2015/12/19
Channel: ss cj
ගම්පෙරළිය- 1965 Gamperaliya
ගම්පෙරළිය- 1965 Gamperaliya
Published: 2017/04/24
Channel: Ingénieur résident Huit
journey to martin wickramasingha
journey to martin wickramasingha
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: Nuwantha Walawe
Galle - A Pardise for Traveller / Gaul / Sri Lanka
Galle - A Pardise for Traveller / Gaul / Sri Lanka
Published: 2013/08/12
Channel: nalandatv
JWC 2016 - How to write JavaScript tests yourself - Ruchiranga Wickramasinghe
JWC 2016 - How to write JavaScript tests yourself - Ruchiranga Wickramasinghe
Published: 2016/11/28
Channel: Joomla!
Yuganthaya ( End of an Era ) Film clip - Uploaded By Devaka Jayasuriya
Yuganthaya ( End of an Era ) Film clip - Uploaded By Devaka Jayasuriya
Published: 2013/07/13
Channel: Devaka Jayasuriya
Sri Lankan Holiday 2014
Sri Lankan Holiday 2014
Published: 2015/01/14
Channel: Geoff Harrison
New resource center for children
New resource center for children
Published: 2013/08/05
Channel: Plan International Sri Lanka
Trip To Madol Duwa in Leisure Time
Trip To Madol Duwa in Leisure Time
Published: 2014/02/07
Channel: Codename HailStorm
Ma Nowana Mama with Jackson Anthony - 06th January 2017
Ma Nowana Mama with Jackson Anthony - 06th January 2017
Published: 2017/01/07
Channel: TV Derana
Ranil Wickramasinghe - Speaking to the Diplomats
Ranil Wickramasinghe - Speaking to the Diplomats
Published: 2015/01/04
Channel: Suvi Wijayaratna
Tommy Hunter Remember Me I
Tommy Hunter Remember Me I'm The One Who Loves You
Published: 2017/03/30
Channel: Maheen Wickramasinghe
Nidahasa Rahasa Nosagawa (The Rainbow Movie Song) - Udaya Shree Wickramasinghe
Nidahasa Rahasa Nosagawa (The Rainbow Movie Song) - Udaya Shree Wickramasinghe
Published: 2016/10/29
Channel: CLAND Harmony Lovers
Sutin matin cricket jogiya
Sutin matin cricket jogiya
Published: 2016/06/20
Channel: Chamuditha Wickramasinghe
Sutin matin alasumane jogiya
Sutin matin alasumane jogiya
Published: 2016/06/11
Channel: Chamuditha Wickramasinghe
Coral Reef Beach Hotel, Hikkaduwa, Sri Lanka
Coral Reef Beach Hotel, Hikkaduwa, Sri Lanka
Published: 2011/08/10
Channel: lakpura
Sutin matin mayagase jogiya
Sutin matin mayagase jogiya
Published: 2016/06/20
Channel: Chamuditha Wickramasinghe
Pooja Umashankar | Lester James Peries ශ්‍රී ලංකාභිමාන්‍ය ලෙස්ටර් ජේම්ස් පීරිස්
Pooja Umashankar | Lester James Peries ශ්‍රී ලංකාභිමාන්‍ය ලෙස්ටර් ජේම්ස් පීරිස්
Published: 2015/05/24
Channel: Pooja Umashankar Fans Club 2
Citrus Hikkaduwa, Hikkaduwa, Sri Lanka
Citrus Hikkaduwa, Hikkaduwa, Sri Lanka
Published: 2011/06/26
Channel: lakpura
Martin Gilbert: India a bright spot among EMs | Davos Direct
Martin Gilbert: India a bright spot among EMs | Davos Direct
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: ET NOW
Akura _ Programme 01
Akura _ Programme 01
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: Akura
Oluwa Wikarai SANUKA lyrics video
Oluwa Wikarai SANUKA lyrics video
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: Nuwan Sameera
Srujith Wickramasinghe
Srujith Wickramasinghe's thoughts on old age
Published: 2008/08/25
Channel: rbbwmn78
Sky pan cow herd beach silhouettes Moo
Sky pan cow herd beach silhouettes Moo
Published: 2016/02/14
Channel: Kevin Gaudette
Sath Samuduru - Amal Perera
Sath Samuduru - Amal Perera
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Evoke Music
Koggala Beach Hotel, Koggala, Sri Lanka
Koggala Beach Hotel, Koggala, Sri Lanka
Published: 2011/06/26
Channel: lakpura
Pooja Kanda, Koggala, Sri Lanka
Pooja Kanda, Koggala, Sri Lanka
Published: 2011/06/26
Channel: lakpura
Rheannon Martin- The Actors Process $5000 Scholarship
Rheannon Martin- The Actors Process $5000 Scholarship
Published: 2014/06/11
Channel: Rheannon Martin
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Happy chat with sarith n surith
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: Neth Digital
Sanmira Rennaissance, Unawatuna, Sri Lanka
Sanmira Rennaissance, Unawatuna, Sri Lanka
Published: 2011/06/28
Channel: lakpura
Civil Violence: New Sri Lankan Literature (10/21/2016 @ AAWW)
Civil Violence: New Sri Lankan Literature (10/21/2016 @ AAWW)
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: Asian American Writers' Workshop
ENGLAND vs SRI LANKA, 1996 WORLD CUP 1/4 FINAL
ENGLAND vs SRI LANKA, 1996 WORLD CUP 1/4 FINAL
Published: 2007/04/13
Channel: MHJanson
Sutin matin rokige jogiya
Sutin matin rokige jogiya
Published: 2016/07/02
Channel: Chamuditha Wickramasinghe
Festival of Cricket 2009 -  Interviews
Festival of Cricket 2009 - Interviews
Published: 2009/07/14
Channel: FESTIVALOFCRICKETUK
Yanawita Pare | H.R. Jothipala & M.S. Fernando | Sinhala Music Audio Song
Yanawita Pare | H.R. Jothipala & M.S. Fernando | Sinhala Music Audio Song
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: Evoke Music
Livin la Vida loca rap version
Livin la Vida loca rap version
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: Sanjaya Wickramasinghe
Festival of Cricket 2009- Opening Ceremony
Festival of Cricket 2009- Opening Ceremony
Published: 2009/07/14
Channel: FESTIVALOFCRICKETUK
Sanuk Presents Donavon Frankenreiter
Sanuk Presents Donavon Frankenreiter's Live Album Show
Published: 2015/05/02
Channel: Martin Guitar
8 Strangest Solved Mysteries
8 Strangest Solved Mysteries
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: MiTrust
Favorite girl short cover by Sasith wickramasinghe
Favorite girl short cover by Sasith wickramasinghe
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: sasith wickramasinghe
We Are Exercising More Each Year. Why Aren
We Are Exercising More Each Year. Why Aren't We Losing Weight?
Published: 2017/02/24
Channel: Bites of Reason
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Martin Wickramasinghe
මාර්ටින් වික්‍රමසිංහ
Born Lama Hewage Don Martin Wickramasinghe
(1890-05-29)29 May 1890
Koggala, Sri Lanka
Died 23 July 1976(1976-07-23) (aged 86)
Colombo, Sri Lanka
Nationality Sri Lankan
Occupation Writer, author
Spouse(s) Kataluwe Balage Prema de Silva
Children
  • Sarath Kusum Wickramasinghe,
  • Vasantha Kumara Wickramasinghe,
  • Rupa Malathie Saparamadu,
  • Himanshu Ranga Wickramasinghe,
  • Usha Ekanayake,
  • Unie Kuruppu
Website official website

Lama Hewage Don Martin Wickramasinghe commonly Martin Wickramasinghe, MBE (Sinhalese: මාර්ටින් වික්‍රමසිංහ) (29 May 1890 – 23 July 1976) was a Sri Lankan novelist. His books have been translated into several languages.[1]

The search for roots is a central theme in Wickramasinghe's writings on the culture and life of the people of Sri Lanka. His work explored and applied modern knowledge in natural and social sciences, literature, linguistics, the arts, philosophy, education, Buddhism and comparative religion. Wickramasinghe is often acclaimed as the father of modern Sinhala literature.[2][3][4][5]

Early life[edit]

Wickramasinghe was born on 29 May 1890, in the town of Koggala, in Southern Sri Lanka, the only son of Lamahewage Don Bastian Wickramasinghe, and Magalle Balapitiya Liyanage Thochchohamy.[2] Koggala was bounded on one side by a reef, and on the other by Koggala Lagoon, a large coastal lake into which the numerous tributaries of the Koggala Oya drained. The landscapes of the sea, Koggala Lagoon studded with little islands, the flora and fauna, the forested hinterland, and the changing patterns of life and culture of the people of the village would later influence his work.[3][4][6]

At the age of five Wickramasinghe was taught the Sinhala alphabet, at home and in the village temple, by a monk, Andiris Gurunnanse. He also learned the Devanagari script and could recite by memory long sections of the Hitopadesa. After two years he was taken to a vernacular school where he prospered until 1897 when he was sent to an English school in Galle called Buona Vista . In the two years spent at the school Wickramasinghe became fluent in English as well as Latin. When his father died, he returned to a vernacular school in Ahangama and subsequently lost interest in schooling.[3][4][5]

Creative writer and pioneer critic[edit]

Wickramasinghe began his literary career with the novel Leela (1914) and an anthology of essays on literary criticism, Shastriya Lekhana (1919). Shortly thereafter he began a campaign to raise literary standards for the Sinhalese reading public with work such as Sahityodaya Katha (1932), Vichara Lipi (1941), Guttila Geetaya (1943) and Sinhala Sahityaye Nageema (1946) in which he evaluated the traditional literally heritage according to set rules of critical criteria formed by synthesising the best in Indian and western traditions of literary criticism.[2][3][7][8][9]

Through the 1940s Wickramasinghe dabbled with the double role of literary critic and creative writer. Gamperaliya (1944) is widely held as the first Sinhalese novel with a serious intent that compares, in content and technique, with the great novels of modern world literature. The novel depicts the crumbling of traditional village life under the pressure of modernisation. The story of a successful family in a Southern village is used to portray the gradual replacement of traditional economic and social structure of the village by commercial city influence.[3][5]

Wickramasinghe followed Gamperaliya with Yuganthaya (1948) and Kaliyugaya (1957) forming a trilogy. After the decay of the traditional life, the story details the rise of the bourgeoisie, with its urban base and entrepreneurial drive, ending with the formation of the labour movement and socialist theology and rise of hopes for a new social order. The trilogy was made into film by the renowned Sri Lankan director Dr. Lester James Peries.[4][7]


With the development of a literary criticism movement in the early-'50s, Wickramasinghe presented the works Sahitya Kalava ('The Art of Literature' 1950) and Kawya Vicharaya ('The Criticism of Poetry' 1954). He received an MBE around this time.[7]

Wickramasinghe's most heralded work came in 1956 with Viragaya. Due to the significance of its theme and the sophistication of its technique, the novel has come to be hailed as the greatest work of Sinhalese fiction. It follows the spiritual problems of a fragile Sinhalese youth raised in a traditional Buddhist home after being confronted with the spectre of adulthood and the responsibilities that come with it all made more complex with the modernisation of society. First-person narrative is used to put forth the autobiographical story of the anti-hero in impressionistic vignettes rather than in chronological order. It is a seminal work and spawned a spew of imitators, some good on their own right.[2]

Peradeniya school and poet[edit]

Wickramasinghe was an early practitioner of the genre of poetry called nisandas, which ignored the restrictions placed on poetry by the traditional prosodic patterns. It drew inspiration from the work of Eliot, Pound, Whitman and other western poets and was part of a movement called Peradeniya School. Wickramasinghe's work was Teri Gi (1952).

The movement dissolved in the 1960s prompted by Wickramasinghe's contention that other writers of the Peradeniya School were not sensitive to cultural traditions and the Buddhist background of Sinhalese society. He accused Ediriweera Sarachchandra, Gunadasa Amarasekara and others of imitating "decadent" western and post-war Japanese literature and of supporting a nihilistic look on life with cyncial disregard for national tradition.

Later years[edit]

In 1973, Wickramasinghe wrote a new biography of Lord Buddha titled Bava Taranaya. In it the great teacher's change from royal heir in-waiting to philosopher-mendicant is portrayed as being a result of his sympathy to the poor and the downtrodden of society. Wickramasinghe died on 23 July 1976 and his home is now a folk museum.[5]

Honors and awards[edit]

Books[10][edit]

Novels[edit]

Short Stories[edit]

Biographies[edit]

  • Kalunika Seweema
  • Ape Gama
  • Upanda Sita

ape nagara sabava

Biological Books[edit]

  • Sathwa Santhathiya
  • Grameeya Widya Praweshaya
  • Manawa Vidyawa Ha Sinhala Sanskruthiya
  • Vidya Vinoda Katha

English Books[edit]

  • Buddhism and Culture
  • Buddhism and Art
  • Aspecets of Sinhalese Culture
  • Mysticism and Lawrence
  • Sinhala Language and Culture
  • Revolution and Evolution
  • The Buddhist Jathaka Stories and Russian culture

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Martin Wickramasinghe: About Author". www.martinwickramasinghe.info. Retrieved 2017-05-01. 
  2. ^ a b c d Martin Wickramasinghe: A literary colossus of the last Century by Dr. W. A. Abeysinghe (Island) Accessed 2016-09-27
  3. ^ a b c d e Biographical sketch of Martin Wickramasinghe by Dr. Ranga Wickramasinghe (Daily News) Accessed 2016-09-27
  4. ^ a b c d Martin Wickramasinghe at 120 by Kalakeerthi Edwin Ariyadasa (Sunday Observer) Accessed 2016-09-27
  5. ^ a b c d He wrote for children too by Sumana Saparamadu (Sunday Observer) Accessed 2016-09-27
  6. ^ "Martin Wickramasinghe Biography - The Life Of Martin Wickramasinghe". www.martinwickramasinghe.org. Retrieved 2017-05-01. 
  7. ^ a b c Martin Wickramasinghe: An icon of world intellectual heritage by Dr. W. A. Abeysinghe (Daily News) Accessed 2016-09-27
  8. ^ "Martin Wickramasinghe, Sri Lanka's Renowned Writer Biography and Bibliography". www.martinwickramasinghe.org. Retrieved 2017-05-01. 
  9. ^ LTD, Lankacom PVT. "The Island". www.island.lk. Retrieved 2017-05-01. 
  10. ^ Wickramasinghe, Martin. Kaliyugaya. Sarasa Private Limited. ISBN 955-8415-41-3. 

External links[edit]

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