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Martin Wickramasinghe Part 1/6
Martin Wickramasinghe Part 1/6
DATE: 2012/06/02::
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Martin Wickramasinghe by Ceylon Holidays CMB
Martin Wickramasinghe by Ceylon Holidays CMB
DATE: 2012/09/30::
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Martin Wickramasinghe Part 3/6
Martin Wickramasinghe Part 3/6
DATE: 2012/06/03::
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Martin Wickramasinghe Part 6/6
Martin Wickramasinghe Part 6/6
DATE: 2012/06/03::
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Martin Wickramasinghe Part 5/6
Martin Wickramasinghe Part 5/6
DATE: 2012/06/03::
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Martin Wickramasinghe Part 2/6
Martin Wickramasinghe Part 2/6
DATE: 2012/06/03::
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Sri Lanka Telecom Pura Varuna - Great Novelist Martin Wickramasinghe
Sri Lanka Telecom Pura Varuna - Great Novelist Martin Wickramasinghe
DATE: 2015/01/18::
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Martin Wickramasinghe Part 4/6
Martin Wickramasinghe Part 4/6
DATE: 2012/06/03::
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Galle - A Pardise for Traveller / Gaul / Sri Lanka
Galle - A Pardise for Traveller / Gaul / Sri Lanka
DATE: 2013/08/12::
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Sri Lankan Holiday 2014
Sri Lankan Holiday 2014
DATE: 2015/01/14::
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Madol Doowa By Torana Video Movies
Madol Doowa By Torana Video Movies
DATE: 2012/07/07::
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Yuganthaya ( End of an Era ) Film clip - Uploaded By Devaka Jayasuriya
Yuganthaya ( End of an Era ) Film clip - Uploaded By Devaka Jayasuriya
DATE: 2013/07/13::
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"Paththere Visthare" News from Hiru TV
"Paththere Visthare" News from Hiru TV
DATE: 2012/09/11::
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Viragaya - The Way of the Lotus   By Torana Video Movies
Viragaya - The Way of the Lotus By Torana Video Movies
DATE: 2012/07/07::
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"RUPAVALOKANAYA" from Rupavahini
"RUPAVALOKANAYA" from Rupavahini
DATE: 2012/09/11::
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"Mul Pituwa" by Swarnavahini
"Mul Pituwa" by Swarnavahini
DATE: 2012/09/11::
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New resource center for children
New resource center for children
DATE: 2013/08/05::
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"Bioscope" from Derana TV
"Bioscope" from Derana TV
DATE: 2012/09/11::
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Coral Reef Beach Hotel, Hikkaduwa, Sri Lanka
Coral Reef Beach Hotel, Hikkaduwa, Sri Lanka
DATE: 2011/08/09::
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Citrus Hikkaduwa, Hikkaduwa, Sri Lanka
Citrus Hikkaduwa, Hikkaduwa, Sri Lanka
DATE: 2011/06/26::
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Koggala Beach Hotel, Koggala, Sri Lanka
Koggala Beach Hotel, Koggala, Sri Lanka
DATE: 2011/06/26::
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Sri Lanka - Award winning writer and veteran author K. Jayatilaka has passed away
Sri Lanka - Award winning writer and veteran author K. Jayatilaka has passed away
DATE: 2011/09/17::
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Sanmira Rennaissance, Unawatuna, Sri Lanka
Sanmira Rennaissance, Unawatuna, Sri Lanka
DATE: 2011/06/28::
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Pooja Kanda, Koggala, Sri Lanka
Pooja Kanda, Koggala, Sri Lanka
DATE: 2011/06/26::
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A3 Hansaka Wickramasinghe Royal College Exhibition Debate
A3 Hansaka Wickramasinghe Royal College Exhibition Debate
DATE: 2008/10/04::
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University of Arkansas Chemical Engineering Senior Skit 2014
University of Arkansas Chemical Engineering Senior Skit 2014
DATE: 2014/04/25::
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ITN Popular Journalist Suresh Wickramasinghe passed away by an accident
ITN Popular Journalist Suresh Wickramasinghe passed away by an accident
DATE: 2009/09/10::
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Balikaviyan - Janaka Wickramasinghe - Edited by SI VIDEOS
Balikaviyan - Janaka Wickramasinghe - Edited by SI VIDEOS
DATE: 2011/08/13::
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B1 Janith Wickramasinghe Darmaloka Vidyalaya ,Exhibition Debate
B1 Janith Wickramasinghe Darmaloka Vidyalaya ,Exhibition Debate
DATE: 2008/10/04::
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Festival of Cricket 2009- Opening Ceremony
Festival of Cricket 2009- Opening Ceremony
DATE: 2009/07/14::
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Ranil Wickramasinghe
Ranil Wickramasinghe
DATE: 2008/10/11::
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Srujith Wickramasinghe
Srujith Wickramasinghe's thoughts on old age
DATE: 2008/08/25::
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50 cent in da club remix by wickramasinghe
50 cent in da club remix by wickramasinghe
DATE: 2009/09/27::
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BBC Space Documentary - We are the Aliens
BBC Space Documentary - We are the Aliens
DATE: 2013/08/15::
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Buddhist Psychology
Buddhist Psychology
DATE: 2011/04/03::
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I now have the full Al Martino collection! It
I now have the full Al Martino collection! It's from his Can't Help Falling In Love album!
DATE: 2014/12/25::
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Al Martino Jean original
Al Martino Jean original
DATE: 2014/12/26::
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Festival of Cricket 2009 -  Interviews
Festival of Cricket 2009 - Interviews
DATE: 2009/07/14::
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Al Martino Memories from his Sausalito album
Al Martino Memories from his Sausalito album
DATE: 2014/12/26::
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7KIDS -  Oratory Competitions - 2014/2015 - SLISJ  - By Vinethma Yehansi
7KIDS - Oratory Competitions - 2014/2015 - SLISJ - By Vinethma Yehansi
DATE: 2014/12/23::
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Bopath Sewanali - බෝපත් සෙවනැලි
Bopath Sewanali - බෝපත් සෙවනැලි
DATE: 2013/05/06::
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Frases para meditar sobre la Vida - Reflexiones del vivir
Frases para meditar sobre la Vida - Reflexiones del vivir
DATE: 2014/04/24::
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Seven Clues to the Origin of Life (A.G. Cairns-Smith) - Chapter 2
Seven Clues to the Origin of Life (A.G. Cairns-Smith) - Chapter 2
DATE: 2012/04/17::
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Victor Rathnayaka - අශා නිරාශා මැවු.....
Victor Rathnayaka - අශා නිරාශා මැවු.....
DATE: 2013/12/02::
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Timothy L - 03/03/2011 - I Want To Spend My Lifetime Loving You (Duet)
Timothy L - 03/03/2011 - I Want To Spend My Lifetime Loving You (Duet)
DATE: 2011/03/04::
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Rowner v Curdridge - Strongie Out
Rowner v Curdridge - Strongie Out
DATE: 2008/08/26::
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Rowner v Ampfield - Ian Collins
Rowner v Ampfield - Ian Collins
DATE: 2008/07/20::
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Dangerous by Michael Jackson
Dangerous by Michael Jackson
DATE: 2013/03/07::
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totally jokes: Song Tuesday and other thing said really fast
totally jokes: Song Tuesday and other thing said really fast
DATE: 2008/02/19::
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Rowner Chairman
Rowner Chairman's Game - Rodders Returns!!
DATE: 2008/08/26::
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Martin Wickramasinghe
මාර්ටින් වික්‍රමසිංහ
M.Wickramasinghe.jpg
Born (1890-05-29)29 May 1890
Koggala, Sri Lanka
Died 23 July 1976(1976-07-23) (aged 86)
Colombo, Sri Lanka
Nationality Sri Lankan
Other names Lama Hewage Don Martin Wickramasinghe
Ethnicity Sinhalese
Occupation Writer, author in Sri Lanka
Religion Theravada Buddhism
Spouse(s) Kataluwe Balage Prema de Silva
Children
  • Sarath Kusum Wickramasinghe,
  • Vasantha Kumara Wickramasinghe,
  • Rupa Malathie Saparamadu,
  • Himanshu Ranga Wickramasinghe,
  • Usha Ekanayake,
  • Unie Kuruppu

Martin Wickramasinghe, MBE (Sinhala:මාර්ටින් වික්‍රමසිංහ) (29 May 1890 – 23 July 1976) was a Sri Lankan novelist. His books have been translated into several languages.

The search for roots is a central theme in Wickramasinghe's writings on the culture and life of the people of Sri Lanka. His work explored and applied modern knowledge in natural and social sciences, literature, linguistics, the arts, philosophy, education, and Buddhism and comparative religion to reach beyond the superficial emotionalism of vulgar nationalism, and guide Sri Lankan readers to the enduring roots of their common national identity that exists in the folk life and folk culture of Sri Lanka.

Early life[edit]

Wickramasinghe was born on 29 May 1890, in the town of Koggala, in Southern Sri Lanka, the only son of Lamahewage Don Bastian Wickramasinghe, and Magalle Balapitiya Liyanage Thochchohamy. Koggala was bounded on one side by a reef, and on the other by a large lake into which the numerous tributaries of the Koggala Oya drained. The landscapes of the sea, lake studded with little islands, the flora and fauna, the forested hinterland, and the changing patterns of life and culture of the people of the village would later influence his work.

At the age of five Wickramasinghe was taught the Sinhala alphabet, at home and in the village temple, by a monk, Andiris Gunananse. He also learned the Devanagari script and could recite by memory long sections of the Hitopadesa. After two years he was taken to a vernacular school where he prospered until 1897 when he was sent to an English school in Galle called Buena Vista. In the two years spent at the school Wickramasinghe became fluent in English as well as Latin. When his father died, he returned to a vernacular school in Ahangama and subsequently lost interest in schooling.

Creative writer and pioneer critic[edit]

Wickramasinghe began his literary career with the novel Leela (1914) and an anthology of essays on literary criticism, 'Shastriya Lekhana (1919). Shortly thereafter he began a campaign to raise literary standards for the Sinhalese reading public with work such as Sahityodaya Katha (1932), Vichara Lipi (1941), Guttila Geetaya (1943) and Sinhala Sahityaye Nageema (1946) in which he evaluated the traditional literally heritage according to set rules of critical criteria formed by synthesising the best in Indian and western traditions of literary criticism.

Through the 1940s Wickramasinghe dabbled with the double role of literary critic and creative writer. Gamperaliya (1944) is widely held as the first Sinhalese novel with a serious intent that compares, in content and technique, with the great novels of modern world literature. The novel depicts the crumbling of traditional village life under the pressure of modernisation. The story of a successful family in a Southern village is used to portray the gradual replacement of traditional economic and social structure of the village by commercial city influence.

Wickramasinghe followed Gamperaliya with Yuganthaya (1948) and Kaliyugaya (1957) forming a trilogy. After the decay of the traditional life, the story details the rise of the bourgeoisie, with its urban base and entrepreneurial drive, ending with the formation of the labour movement and socialist theology and rise of hopes for a new social order.

With the development of a literary criticism movement in the early-'50s, Wickramasinghe presented the works Sahitya Kalava ('The Art of Literature' 1950) and Kawya Vicharaya ('The Criticism of Poetry' 1954). He received an MBE around this time.

Wickramasinghe's most heralded work came in 1956 with Viragaya. Due to the significance of its theme and the sophistication of its technique, the novel has come to be hailed as the greatest work of Sinhalese fiction. It follows the spiritual problems of a fragile Sinhalese youth raised in a traditional Buddhist home after being confronted with the spectre of adulthood and the responsibilities that come with it all made more complex with the modernisation of society. First-person narrative is used to put forth the autobiographical story of the anti-hero in impressionistic vignettes rather than in chronological order. It is a seminal work and spawned a spew of imitators, some good on their own right...

Peradeniya school and poet[edit]

Wickramasinghe was an early practitioner of the genre of poetry called nisandas, which ignored the restrictions placed on poetry by the traditional prosodic patterns. It drew inspiration from the work of Eliot, Pound, Whitman and other western poets and was part of a movement called Peradeniya School. Wickramasinghe's work was Teri Gi (1952).

The movement dissolved in the 1960s prompted by Wickramasinghe's contention that other writers of the Peradeniya School were not sensitive to cultural traditions and the Buddhist background of Sinhalese society. He accused Ediriweera Sarachchandra, Gunadasa Amarasekara and others of imitating "decadent" western and post-war Japanese literature and of supporting a nihilistic look on life with cyncial disregard for national tradition.

Later years[edit]

In 1973, Wickramasinghe wrote a new biography of Lord Buddha titled Bava Taranaya. In it the great teacher's change from royal heir in-waiting to philosopher-mendicant is portrayed as being a result of his sympathy to the poor and the downtrodden of society. Wickramasinghe died on 23 July 1976.

Honors and awards[edit]

Books[1][edit]

Novels[edit]

Short Stories[edit]

Biographies[edit]

  • Kalunika Seweema
  • Ape Gama
  • Upanda Sita

Biological Books[edit]

  • Sathwa Santhathiya
  • Grameeya Widya Praweshaya

English Books[edit]

  • Buddhism and Culture
  • Buddhism and Art
  • Aspecets of Sinhalese Culture
  • Mysticism and Lawrence
  • Sinhala Language and Culture
  • Revolution and Evolution
  • The Buddhist Jathaka Stories and Russian Culture

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wickramasinghe, Martin. Kaliyugaya. Sarasa Private Limited. ISBN 955-8415-41-3. 

External links[edit]

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