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Mary Lou Retton 1984 Olympics AA Vaults
Mary Lou Retton 1984 Olympics AA Vaults
Published: 2007/08/01
Channel: KimZfan
Mary-Lou Retton - Stunning Individual All-Round Gold | Los Angeles 1984 Olympics
Mary-Lou Retton - Stunning Individual All-Round Gold | Los Angeles 1984 Olympics
Published: 2010/03/01
Channel: Olympic
Gold Medal Moments: Mary Lou Retton
Gold Medal Moments: Mary Lou Retton's Perfect 10
Published: 2012/07/13
Channel: Team USA
Mary Lou Retton - Floor Exercise - 1984 McDonald
Mary Lou Retton - Floor Exercise - 1984 McDonald's American Cup
Published: 2009/01/24
Channel: USA Gymnastics
Mary Lou Retton Comes Back From Injury To Win Gold - Los Angeles 1984 Olympics
Mary Lou Retton Comes Back From Injury To Win Gold - Los Angeles 1984 Olympics
Published: 2013/05/11
Channel: Olympic
Olympics - 1984 Los Angeles - Gymnastics - Womens Vault Finals - USA Mary Lou Retton - Perfect 10
Olympics - 1984 Los Angeles - Gymnastics - Womens Vault Finals - USA Mary Lou Retton - Perfect 10
Published: 2016/03/28
Channel: Imasportsphile III
MARY LOU RETTON AND SHAWN JOHNSON
MARY LOU RETTON AND SHAWN JOHNSON
Published: 2016/08/16
Channel: Shawn Johnson East
Mary Lou Retton - Uneven Bars - 1984 McDonald
Mary Lou Retton - Uneven Bars - 1984 McDonald's American Cup
Published: 2009/01/24
Channel: USA Gymnastics
Bela Karolyi and Mary Lou Retton: Gold Medal Moments
Bela Karolyi and Mary Lou Retton: Gold Medal Moments
Published: 2012/07/06
Channel: Team USA
🥇LSU SEC Network Special on LSU Gymnast and Daughter of Mary Lou Retton: McKenna Kelley🥇
🥇LSU SEC Network Special on LSU Gymnast and Daughter of Mary Lou Retton: McKenna Kelley🥇
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: Cityzen225
Mary Lou Retton- Total Hip Replacement patient of Brian Parsley MD
Mary Lou Retton- Total Hip Replacement patient of Brian Parsley MD
Published: 2011/02/08
Channel: Dr. Brian Parsley, MD
Mary Lou Retton (USA) - 1984 Olympics - Compulsory Floor
Mary Lou Retton (USA) - 1984 Olympics - Compulsory Floor
Published: 2008/10/13
Channel: MostepanovaFan
MARY LOU RETTON - 44 - CARLY PATTERSON - 24 - NASTIA LIUKIN - 22 - FIRST INTERVIEW TOGETHER - 2012
MARY LOU RETTON - 44 - CARLY PATTERSON - 24 - NASTIA LIUKIN - 22 - FIRST INTERVIEW TOGETHER - 2012
Published: 2012/03/24
Channel: AVIDEOGAL
1st AA USA Mary Lou Retton FX - 1984 Olympic Games 10.00
1st AA USA Mary Lou Retton FX - 1984 Olympic Games 10.00
Published: 2010/01/28
Channel: WorldOlympicGymVids
McKenna & Mary Lou Trailer
McKenna & Mary Lou Trailer
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: FloSports
Mary Lou Retton- 1984 Olympics Balance Beam
Mary Lou Retton- 1984 Olympics Balance Beam
Published: 2013/04/15
Channel: Allison Jameson
Mary Lou Retton Unedited Outtake at Karolyi
Mary Lou Retton Unedited Outtake at Karolyi's Gym 1992
Published: 2012/08/08
Channel: TheWorkSpeaks
Reuniting with Mary Lou! PA/WV Mini Trip
Reuniting with Mary Lou! PA/WV Mini Trip
Published: 2016/07/01
Channel: Shayla Kelley
Mary Lou Retton workout for kids (1985)
Mary Lou Retton workout for kids (1985)
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: Stevo Makarov
Mary Lou Retton and McKenna Kelley - Interview - 2014 AT&T American Cup
Mary Lou Retton and McKenna Kelley - Interview - 2014 AT&T American Cup
Published: 2014/05/19
Channel: USA Gymnastics
1982 USA-CHN Gymnastics Mary Lou Retton floor exercise
1982 USA-CHN Gymnastics Mary Lou Retton floor exercise
Published: 2006/08/26
Channel: MizMamie
VINTAGE 80
VINTAGE 80'S WHEATIES COMMERCIAL W MARY LOU RETTON WORKING OUT
Published: 2009/12/31
Channel: tracy80sgirl
Mary Lou Retton Transvestigation FIGHT YOUTUBE CENSORSHIP
Mary Lou Retton Transvestigation FIGHT YOUTUBE CENSORSHIP
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: Transvestigations by Hans Wormhat
Mary Lou Retton - Balance Beam - 1984 McDonald
Mary Lou Retton - Balance Beam - 1984 McDonald's American Cup
Published: 2009/01/24
Channel: USA Gymnastics
Where Are They Now   Mary Lou Retton - ESPN Video
Where Are They Now Mary Lou Retton - ESPN Video
Published: 2008/08/05
Channel: iheartsk8tn
mary lou retton 1985 american cup balance beam
mary lou retton 1985 american cup balance beam
Published: 2011/01/03
Channel: rodeokilledthevideos
16 days of glory - Mary Lou Retton - part 2
16 days of glory - Mary Lou Retton - part 2
Published: 2008/05/01
Channel: ynotlleb
Emelia Emberle, Mary Lou Retton ,Ludmilla Tourischeva, Nadia Comaneci, and Mitsou Tsukahara.
Emelia Emberle, Mary Lou Retton ,Ludmilla Tourischeva, Nadia Comaneci, and Mitsou Tsukahara.
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: 211UKRjump
Mary Lou Retton Looks Back 30 Years Later
Mary Lou Retton Looks Back 30 Years Later
Published: 2014/08/03
Channel: USA Gymnastics
Mary Lou Retton - Fun Fit
Mary Lou Retton - Fun Fit
Published: 2010/02/26
Channel: Hard Stars
WAGNER - "TRISTAN & ISOLDE" - CHITOSE OKASHIRO - piano ~ MARY LOU RETTON - 25 in 1993 - ♥
WAGNER - "TRISTAN & ISOLDE" - CHITOSE OKASHIRO - piano ~ MARY LOU RETTON - 25 in 1993 - ♥
Published: 2011/09/30
Channel: AVIDEOGAL
16 days of glory - Mary Lou Retton - part 1
16 days of glory - Mary Lou Retton - part 1
Published: 2008/05/01
Channel: ynotlleb
Mary Lou Retton Talks Olympics, Hip Replacements
Mary Lou Retton Talks Olympics, Hip Replacements
Published: 2010/01/07
Channel: WPBF 25 News
1984 Olympics AA Mary Lou Retton Fx
1984 Olympics AA Mary Lou Retton Fx
Published: 2008/07/05
Channel: nilson moreira filho
AA 1984 Olympic Games   Bela and Mary Lou Retton interview
AA 1984 Olympic Games Bela and Mary Lou Retton interview
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: gymnasticsstuff
Kerri Strug
Kerri Strug's Gold Medal Vault 1996 Olympics Atlanta
Published: 2016/10/14
Channel: Raveena of Punjab
Tie-Breaker puts McKenna Kelley in 2nd - Universal Sports
Tie-Breaker puts McKenna Kelley in 2nd - Universal Sports
Published: 2014/03/02
Channel: Universal Sports Network
MARY LOU RETTON - EXHIBITION & INTERVIEW & MOMENT WITH OLGA KORBUT - VOB
MARY LOU RETTON - EXHIBITION & INTERVIEW & MOMENT WITH OLGA KORBUT - VOB
Published: 2012/11/01
Channel: AVIDEOGAL
Mary Lou Retton: Do What You Love | How I Made It | CNBC Make It.
Mary Lou Retton: Do What You Love | How I Made It | CNBC Make It.
Published: 2016/04/08
Channel: CNBC
Mary Lou Retton - Vault - 1984 McDonald
Mary Lou Retton - Vault - 1984 McDonald's American Cup
Published: 2009/01/24
Channel: USA Gymnastics
1984 Olympics AA Mary Lou Retton UB
1984 Olympics AA Mary Lou Retton UB
Published: 2008/07/05
Channel: nilson moreira filho
mary lou retton 1985 american cup floor exercise
mary lou retton 1985 american cup floor exercise
Published: 2011/01/03
Channel: rodeokilledthevideos
Interview with Nastia Liukin, Carly Patterson, and Mary Lou Retton at the 2012 Summer Olympics
Interview with Nastia Liukin, Carly Patterson, and Mary Lou Retton at the 2012 Summer Olympics
Published: 2013/05/21
Channel: Danielle Walker
Mary Lou Retton UB crash bloody lip
Mary Lou Retton UB crash bloody lip
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: gymnasticsstuff
Mary Lou Retton, 1984 Olympian
Mary Lou Retton, 1984 Olympian
Published: 2014/08/04
Channel: LA84Foundation
Mary Lou RETTON (USA) vault - 1984 Olympics Los Angeles EF
Mary Lou RETTON (USA) vault - 1984 Olympics Los Angeles EF
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: thelegendofNeshka
Ecaterina Szabo
Ecaterina Szabo's Golden Gymnastics Performances - Los Angeles 1984 Olympics
Published: 2013/03/05
Channel: Olympic
1985 Energizer Commercial - What
1985 Energizer Commercial - What's America's Newest Bundle of Energy? - Mary Lou Retton
Published: 2011/06/28
Channel: TotallyToonz
1981 Natl. Sports Festival gymnastics Mary Lou Retton BB
1981 Natl. Sports Festival gymnastics Mary Lou Retton BB
Published: 2008/03/30
Channel: MizMamie
Shawn Johnson and Mary Lou Retton-*Wherever You Will Go*
Shawn Johnson and Mary Lou Retton-*Wherever You Will Go*
Published: 2008/11/20
Channel: zacefronandbball
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Mary Lou Retton Kelley
Retton-m.jpg
A portrait of Mary Lou Retton as a member of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, 2004.
Personal information
Nickname(s) America's Sweetheart[1]
Country represented  United States
Born (1968-01-24) January 24, 1968 (age 49)
Fairmont, West Virginia
Height 4 ft 9 in (145 cm)
Weight 93 lb (42 kg)[1]
Discipline Women's artistic gymnastics
Club Karolyi Gym
Former coach(es) Béla Károlyi, Márta Károlyi
Retired September 29, 1986

Mary Lou Retton Kelley (born January 24, 1968) is a retired American gymnast. At the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, she won a gold medal in the individual all-around competition, as well as two silver medals and two bronze medals. Her performance made her one of the most popular athletes in the United States.

Retton was the first ever American woman to win the all-around gold medal at the Olympics and was the only one to do so for twenty years. She is credited with being a pioneering figure in American women's gymnastics, including by the four American women who have since equaled her feat consecutively: Carly Patterson (Athens in 2004), Nastia Liukin (2008 in Beijing), Gabby Douglas (2012 in London), and Simone Biles (2016 in Rio de Janeiro). Twice during that span, Americans also took silver as part of a one-two finish: Shawn Johnson in 2008 and Aly Raisman in 2016. Furthermore, prior to Retton's Olympic triumph, no American woman had won all-around gold at the World Championships; since then, eight Americans have done so a combined eleven times - in chronological order, Kim Zmeskal, Shannon Miller (twice), Chellsie Memmel, Shawn Johnson, Bridget Sloan, Jordyn Wieber, Simone Biles (three times), and Morgan Hurd.

Personal life

Mary Lou Retton was born in Fairmont, West Virginia, of Italian heritage (her family's original surname was "Rotunda").[2] Her father, Ronnie, operated a coal-industry transportation equipment business. She attended Fairmont Senior High School, but did not graduate.[3] She competed in the 1984 Olympic games in Los Angeles, California during her sophomore year of high school.[4] She is a devout Baptist.[5]

Retton lived in Houston, Texas,[6] until 2009, when her family returned to West Virginia and again moved back to Houston in 2012. She is married to former University of Texas quarterback and Houston real estate developer Shannon Kelley, who now works for the Houston Baptist University athletic department.[7] Together they have four daughters: Shayla Rae Kelley (born 1995), McKenna Lane Kelley (born 1997), Skyla Brae Kelley (born 2000), and Emma Jean Kelley (born 2002).[8]

Gymnastics career

Retton was inspired by watching Nadia Comăneci outshine defending Olympic champion Olga Korbut on television at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, and she took up gymnastics in her hometown of Fairmont. She was coached by Gary Rafaloski. She then decided to move to Houston, Texas, to train under Romanians Béla and Márta Károlyi, who had coached Nadia Comăneci before their defection to the United States. Under the Károlyis, Retton soon began to make a name for herself in the U.S., winning the American Cup in 1983 and placing second to Dianne Durham (another Károlyi student) at the US Nationals that same year. Retton missed the World Championships in 1983 due to a wrist injury. Nevertheless, Retton won the American Classic in 1983 and 1984, as well as Japan's Chunichi Cup in 1983.

After winning her second American Cup, the U.S. Nationals, and the U.S. Olympic Trials in 1984, Retton suffered a knee injury when she was performing a floor routine at a local gymnastics center. She had sat down to sign autographs when she felt her knee lock, forcing her to undergo an operation five weeks prior to the 1984 Summer Olympics.[9] She recovered just in time for the Olympics in Los Angeles, California. In the competition, which was boycotted by the Soviet bloc nations except for Romania, Retton was engaged in a close battle with Ecaterina Szabo of Romania for the all-around gold medal. Trailing Szabo (after uneven bars and balance beam) by 0.15 with two events to go, Retton scored perfect 10s on floor exercise and vault — the last event in an especially dramatic fashion, as there had been fears that her knee injury and the subsequent surgery might impair her performance.[10] Retton won the all-around gold medal by 0.05 points, beating Szabo and becoming the first American to receive the all-around gold medal. She also became the first female gymnast from outside Eastern Europe to win the individual all-around gold.

At the same Olympics, Retton won four additional medals: silver in the team competition and the horse vault, and bronze in the floor exercise and uneven bars. For her performance, she was named Sports Illustrated magazine's "Sportswoman of the Year". She appeared on a Wheaties box, and became the cereal's first official spokeswoman.

In 1985 Retton won the American Cup all around competition for the third and final time.[11] She retired in 1986.

Post-gymnastics career

Retton with President Ronald Reagan and the U.S. Olympic Team, 1984

An ardent Christian conservative, she was an outspoken supporter of the Reagan Administration in the United States. She appeared in a variety of televised ads supporting Ronald Reagan. Retton delivered the Pledge of Allegiance with fellow former gymnast and 1996 Olympic gold medalist Kerri Strug on the second night of the 2004 Republican National Convention.[12]

Retton's hometown of Fairmont, West Virginia, named a road and park in the town after her. She retired from gymnastics after winning an unprecedented third American Cup title in 1985. She later had cameo appearances as herself in Scrooged and Naked Gun 33⅓: The Final Insult.[13]

During the 1990s, Retton worked as a spokeswoman for the U.S. drugstore chain Revco.[14] Retton was elected to the National Italian American Sports Hall of Fame in 1992.[15]

In 1993, the Associated Press released results of a sports study[16] in which Retton was statistically tied for first place with fellow Olympian Dorothy Hamill as the most popular athlete in America.[17]

In 1997, Retton was inducted into the International Gymnastics Hall of Fame.[18]

Retton has many commercial endorsements, including bowling and shampoo.[19] She was the first female athlete to be pictured on the front of a Wheaties box, and General Mills stated that Wheaties sales improved after her appearance.[20][21][22] She is a frequent analyst for televised gymnastics and attended The University of Texas at Austin after the Olympics.[23]

TV appearances

Mary Lou Retton on a 1988 Paraguayan stamp
  • In 1985, Retton hosted ABC Funfit, a series of five-minute segments on physical fitness which were broadcast between Saturday morning cartoons. A record album and diagram booklet was also made of the segments and sold.[24]
  • In 1993, Retton appeared in the Baywatch episode "The Child Inside".[25]
  • In 2002, Retton starred in the television program Mary Lou's Flip Flop Shop.[26]
  • In the summer of 2011, Retton appeared in a commercial for Dairy Queen, in which she falls out of a piñata.
  • In 2014, Retton made a cameo appearance in the RadioShack Super Bowl XLVIII commercial "The '80s Called".[27]

Medical conditions

She was born with hip dysplasia, a condition aggravated by her years as a competitive gymnast. After experiencing increased pain she had hip replacement surgery on her left hip in her mid-30s. In October 2008, she visited the Biomet facility in Warsaw, Indiana, and met the machinists who produced her hip implant.[28]

Gymnastics legacy

Retton has an uneven bars move called the "Retton flip", a transition (front flip) from low- to high-bar, resulting in the gymnast perched or "sitting" on top of the high bar. This move and many others like it are no longer in the Code of Points due to old-style "belly beat" moves no longer being used in bars competition.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Mary Lou Retton. sports-reference.com
  2. ^ "Boston.com Local Search — Boston Globe Archives". 
  3. ^ "Mary Lou Retton: Power And Finesse". The New York Times. March 4, 1984. Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Mary Lou Retton: All About Lou". The Christian Broadcasting Network. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  5. ^ Ditchfield, Christin (January 19, 2000). "Mary Lou Retton: Role model, mother, Baptist". Baptist Standard. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Doing it her way: Mary Lou Retton teaches healthy attitudes to her kids — and, now, the rest of us". Houston Chronicle. July 20, 2008. Retrieved August 18, 2008. 
  7. ^ "HBU Huskies – Football Names Shannon Kelley Offensive Assistant Coach". Houston Baptist University. May 11, 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Biography". Marylouretton.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Mary Lou Retton". The Biography Channel. 
  10. ^ "Mary Lou beams after sticking her vault to capture the all...". ESPN. Retrieved December 15, 2013. 
  11. ^ Zaccardi, Nick (March 4, 2016). "Mary Lou Retton Reflects On 1985 American Cup Win, Retirement Decision". NBC Sports. Retrieved June 4, 2017. 
  12. ^ "Election 2004: Republican Convention Schedule and Viewer's Guide". New York Times. September 1, 2004. Retrieved August 18, 2008. 
  13. ^ "Mary Lou Retton". Retrieved August 13, 2008. 
  14. ^ "Retton joins with Revco in promotional effort". Chain Drug Review. September 10, 1990. 
  15. ^ Mary Lou Retton. National Italian American Sports Hall of Fame
  16. ^ Wilstein, Steve (May 17, 1993) Retton, Hammill most popular American athletes. Associated Press
  17. ^ Athletes. womenssportsfoundation.org
  18. ^ "Mary lou retton". International Gymnastics Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. 
  19. ^ Niewiaroski, Donna (November 3, 1990). "For Retton, the Gold Still Glitters;Pressure, Time and Change Mature '84 Olympic Gymnastics Champion". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 4, 2013.  – via HighBeam Research (subscription required)
  20. ^ Wheaties Fun Facts. wheaties.com
  21. ^ "Mary Lou Retton Biography". Biography.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  22. ^ "Prowess alone won't get an athlete on Wheaties". Associated Press. December 26, 1987. Retrieved July 30, 2013.  – via HighBeam Research (subscription required)
  23. ^ Lewis, Jone. "Retton bio". About.com. Retrieved July 30, 2008. 
  24. ^ "Mary Lou Retton. She got the gold. Now she's going for platnum." Billboard. October 5, 1985
  25. ^ Baywatch: Season 4, Episode 11 The Child Inside (22 Nov. 1993) . IMDb
  26. ^ Olympic Champion Mary Lou Retton Stars In New PBS Television Series Mary Lou's Flip Flop Shop. houstonpbs.org. December 6, 2010
  27. ^ Jones, Nate (2 February 2014). "Celebrating Every '80s Reference in That RadioShack Super Bowl Commercial". People. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  28. ^ "Pfizer Inc. (PFE) Launches Nationwide Education Campaign With Olympic Gymnast Mary Lou Retton To Raise Awareness Of Overactive Bladder". Biospace. September 24, 2006. Retrieved August 18, 2008. 

External links

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Patty Sheehan
Flo Hyman Memorial Award
1995
Succeeded by
Donna de Varona

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