Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Masahiko Kimura - judo techniques
Masahiko Kimura - judo techniques
Published: 2006/09/18
Channel: userek
Masahiko Kimura - short documentary
Masahiko Kimura - short documentary
Published: 2006/03/06
Channel: userek
Gracie vs. Kimura - October 23, 1951 (Maracanã Stadium - Rio de Janeiro, Brasil)
Gracie vs. Kimura - October 23, 1951 (Maracanã Stadium - Rio de Janeiro, Brasil)
Published: 2012/03/05
Channel: GracieAcademy
Rikidozan vs Masahiko Kimura (1954 - Part 1/2)
Rikidozan vs Masahiko Kimura (1954 - Part 1/2)
Published: 2008/05/05
Channel: RagingBull1935
Judoka: Judo Documentary, Doug Rogers, Part 1
Judoka: Judo Documentary, Doug Rogers, Part 1
Published: 2011/03/22
Channel: The Zek
Masahiko Kimura face à Helio Gracie 1951
Masahiko Kimura face à Helio Gracie 1951
Published: 2013/03/18
Channel: budoshugyosha
Interview with Bonsai master Masahiko Kimura
Interview with Bonsai master Masahiko Kimura
Published: 2016/09/17
Channel: Bonsai Empire
Masahiko Kimura
Masahiko Kimura's Ude Garami techniques
Published: 2011/11/28
Channel: JudoMateo
Helio Gracie vs Masahiko Kimura - October 23, 1951
Helio Gracie vs Masahiko Kimura - October 23, 1951
Published: 2017/11/02
Channel: BJJ Hero
Japanese documentary about Masahiko Kimura
Japanese documentary about Masahiko Kimura
Published: 2015/07/16
Channel: Jujitsu kuwait
Japanese documentary about Masahiko Kimura
Japanese documentary about Masahiko Kimura
Published: 2015/07/16
Channel: Jujitsu kuwait
Masahiko Kimura (pre-World War II Kodokan Judo) vs Hélio Gracie (Gracie Jiu-Jitsu) - Brazil, 1951
Masahiko Kimura (pre-World War II Kodokan Judo) vs Hélio Gracie (Gracie Jiu-Jitsu) - Brazil, 1951
Published: 2011/12/21
Channel: Wim Marcus
The World of Bonsai Master Masahiko Kimura  Part 1
The World of Bonsai Master Masahiko Kimura Part 1
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: elvicdamdis
Japanese documentary about Masahiko Kimura
Japanese documentary about Masahiko Kimura
Published: 2015/07/16
Channel: Jujitsu kuwait
Mas Oyama and Masahiko Kimura 2 of the greatest fighters in the 20th century
Mas Oyama and Masahiko Kimura 2 of the greatest fighters in the 20th century
Published: 2009/05/31
Channel: johber92
JUDO TECHNIQUES (Masahiko Kimura) 木村 政彦 - Oni no Judo
JUDO TECHNIQUES (Masahiko Kimura) 木村 政彦 - Oni no Judo
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: Олексій Павлов
Masahiko Kimura Slide show tribute
Masahiko Kimura Slide show tribute
Published: 2009/06/17
Channel: johber92
Old Judo film - Masahiko Kimura was one of the greatest judoka of all time
Old Judo film - Masahiko Kimura was one of the greatest judoka of all time
Published: 2015/08/03
Channel: Jim Jones
Masahiko Kimura vs Helio Gracie 1951
Masahiko Kimura vs Helio Gracie 1951
Published: 2006/02/27
Channel: userek
Masahiko Kimura
Masahiko Kimura's Osoto Gari techniques
Published: 2011/11/30
Channel: JudoMateo
Kosen Judo - Volume 1 by Masahiko Kimura
Kosen Judo - Volume 1 by Masahiko Kimura
Published: 2014/04/08
Channel: MMA-Network UK
木村政彦vs.エリオ・グレイシー/Masahiko Kimura vs. Hélio Gracie
木村政彦vs.エリオ・グレイシー/Masahiko Kimura vs. Hélio Gracie
Published: 2013/01/04
Channel: Somerset-CHANNEL
👊Masahiko Kimura  Ude Garami
👊Masahiko Kimura Ude Garami
Published: 2014/09/08
Channel: Artigo Marcial 3
Masahiko Kimura
Masahiko Kimura
Published: 2013/12/11
Channel: Sensei Sadao
Kimura
Kimura's Bonsai garden
Published: 2014/12/11
Channel: Bonsai Empire
Rikidozan vs Masahiko Kimura (1954 - Part 2/2)
Rikidozan vs Masahiko Kimura (1954 - Part 2/2)
Published: 2008/05/05
Channel: RagingBull1935
ASPAC KIMURA DEMO 2011
ASPAC KIMURA DEMO 2011
Published: 2012/02/23
Channel: Bonsai Focus
HELIO GRACIE VS MASAHIKO KIMURA- 21/10/1953-MARACANA-RIO-BRASIL
HELIO GRACIE VS MASAHIKO KIMURA- 21/10/1953-MARACANA-RIO-BRASIL
Published: 2016/07/03
Channel: SPORT AND GLORY BJJ
Rikidozan vs Masahiko Kimura (22/12/1954)
Rikidozan vs Masahiko Kimura (22/12/1954)
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: Amar Ahmed
Mas Oyama and Masahiko Kimura
Mas Oyama and Masahiko Kimura
Published: 2014/01/18
Channel: Sensei Gabriel Garcia - Old Martial Arts
The Master speaks, Masahiko Kimura
The Master speaks, Masahiko Kimura
Published: 2017/06/19
Channel: Bonsai Focus
Find out if Kimura broke Helio Gracie
Find out if Kimura broke Helio Gracie's arm and the origin of BJJ terminology.
Published: 2013/08/26
Channel: Valente BrothersTV
Kimura
Kimura's Bonsai demonstration
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: Bonsai Empire
The World of Bonsai Master Masahiko Kimura  Part 2
The World of Bonsai Master Masahiko Kimura Part 2
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: elvicdamdis
Masahiko Kimura  Pequeno documentário
Masahiko Kimura Pequeno documentário
Published: 2016/12/30
Channel: WORLD HAN YU KWAN FEDERATION
Khu vườn của bậc thầy Bonsai : Masahiko Kimura master
Khu vườn của bậc thầy Bonsai : Masahiko Kimura master
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: Bonsai Vietnam
Helio Gracie vs Kato (Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu vs Judo)
Helio Gracie vs Kato (Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu vs Judo)
Published: 2012/11/18
Channel: Judo Cape Town
Masahiko Kimura
Masahiko Kimura's Bonsai garden
Published: 2016/11/02
Channel: Tree Flower and Plants
Masahiko Kimura likes Green T
Masahiko Kimura likes Green T
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: Bonsai Focus
The Sharpe Brothers vs  Rikidozan & Masahiko Kimura
The Sharpe Brothers vs Rikidozan & Masahiko Kimura
Published: 2015/06/28
Channel: Graham Bailey
The World of Bonsai Master Masahiko Kimura part 2
The World of Bonsai Master Masahiko Kimura part 2
Published: 2011/09/02
Channel: TorinVec
SENSEI Masahiko Kimura. Bonsaivirtual.
SENSEI Masahiko Kimura. Bonsaivirtual.
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: Amo los Bonsais
Phỏng vấn ông Masahiko Kimura
Phỏng vấn ông Masahiko Kimura
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: Thiện Lê Đức
Rickson Gracie talks about Masahiko Kimura.  Interviewed by Toshinari Masuda
Rickson Gracie talks about Masahiko Kimura. Interviewed by Toshinari Masuda
Published: 2011/01/29
Channel: Somerset-CHANNEL
Visiting Mr. Kimura
Visiting Mr. Kimura's bonsai garden, Saitama, Japan, April 2017
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: Jens Christian Berner
Im Garten von Masahiko Kimura
Im Garten von Masahiko Kimura
Published: 2017/09/25
Channel: Christian Saar
BEAUTIFUL BONSAI MASAHIKO KIMURA JAPAN
BEAUTIFUL BONSAI MASAHIKO KIMURA JAPAN
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Taylor Clark
The best of Bonsai of Masahiko Kimura
The best of Bonsai of Masahiko Kimura's Bonsai Garden
Published: 2016/06/09
Channel: Vườn Hồng Vân Loan
Masahiko Kimura Exhibition. Viet Bonsai
Masahiko Kimura Exhibition. Viet Bonsai
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: Amo los Bonsais
JAPAN - BONSAÏ - Masahiko KIMURA
JAPAN - BONSAÏ - Masahiko KIMURA
Published: 2014/06/15
Channel: Jacques MALFAY
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Masahiko Kimura
Masahiko Kimura (1917-1993).jpg
Born (1917-09-10)September 10, 1917
Kumamoto, Japan
Died April 18, 1993(1993-04-18) (aged 75)
Lung cancer
Nationality Japanese
Height 170 cm (5 ft 7 in)
Weight 84 kg (185 lb)
Style Judo
Rank      7th dan Judo and Karate
Occupation Judoka and professional wrestler
University Takushoku University

Masahiko Kimura (木村 政彦, Kimura Masahiko, September 10, 1917 – April 18, 1993) was a Japanese judoka and professional wrestler who is widely considered one of the greatest judoka of all time.[1][2][3] In submission grappling, the reverse ude-garami arm lock is often called the "Kimura", due to his famous victory over Gracie jiu-jitsu developer Hélio Gracie. In the Japanese professional wrestling world, he is known for the controversial match he had with Rikidōzan.

Biography[edit]

Kimura was born on September 10, 1917 in Kumamoto, Japan. Masahiko Kimura began training Judo at age of 9 and was promoted to yondan (4th dan) at the age of 15 after six years of Judo. He had defeated six opponents (who were all 3rd and 4th dan) in a row. In 1935 at age 18 he became the youngest ever godan (5th degree black belt) when he defeated eight consecutive opponents at Kodokan (headquarters for the main governing body of Judo).

Tatsukuma Ushijima is well known as a teacher of Kimura and himself is also former All-Japan judo champion.

Kimura's remarkable success can in part be attributed to his fanatical training regimen, managed by his teacher, Tatsukuma Ushijima.[4] Kimura reportedly lost only four judo matches in his lifetime, all occurring in 1935.[5] He considered quitting judo after those losses, but through the encouragement of friends he began training again. He consistently practiced the leg throw osoto gari (large outer reap) against a tree.[5] Daily randori or sparring sessions at Tokyo Police and Kodokan dojos resulted in numerous opponents suffering from concussions and losing consciousness. Many opponents asked Kimura not to use his osoto gari.[5][6]

At the height of his career Kimura's training involved a thousand push-ups and nine-hours practice every day. He was promoted to 7th dan at age 30, a rank that was frozen after disputes with Kodokan over becoming a professional wrestler, refusing to return the All Japan Judo Championship flag, and issuing dan ranks while in Brazil.[5]

Kimura also entered Karate in his pursuit of martial arts, believing that karate would strengthen his hands. First he trained what today is known as Shotokan Karate under its founder Gichin Funakoshi for two years, but eventually switched to training Goju-Ryu Karate under So-Nei Chu (a pupil of Goju-ryu karate founder Chojun Miyagi) and finally became an assistant instructor, along with Gogen Yamaguchi and Masutatsu Oyama in his dojo (the latter also going to university together with him and Aikido master Gozo Shioda[7]). In his Autobiography, Kimura attributes the use of the makiwara (a karate training implement) as taught to him by So Neichu and his friend and training partner Masutatsu Oyama, as being a significant contributor to his consequent tournament success. He began using the makiwara daily prior to his first All Japan success and never lost another competition bout.

Kimura vs. Hélio Gracie[edit]

Kimura vs Gracie, with the Japanese holding the Brazilian in a kesa-gatame.

In 1949, after touring for Hawaii, Kimura and his troupe formed by judoka Toshio Yamaguchi and Yukio Kato went to Brazil after an invitation by the Sao Paulo Shimbun. There they were challenged by Hélio Gracie of the Gracie Jiu Jitsu.[8][9] Gracie proposed a match under what would be known as the "Gracie Rules", in which throws and pins would not count towards victory, with only submission or loss of consciousness.[9] This played against judo rules in which pins and throws can award someone a victory, but they accepted nonetheless.[10] Kato was the first to accept the challenge, drawing with Hélio Gracie in their match at the Maracana stadium. However, he lost to Gracie by gi choke in the rematch at the Ibirapuera in Sao Paulo. Hélio proposed to continue with the challenge, and Yamaguchi appointed himself the next to fight. Kimura, however, volunteered to fight in his place. The bout between Gracie and Kimura took place again in the Maracana stadium, before an audience of 20,000 people, including president of Brazil Getúlio Vargas. Expectation was such that, according to a source, Kimura had been warned by the Japanese embassy that he would not be welcomed back in Japan if he lost the match.[11] Kimura was received in the arena with raw eggs and insults by the Brazilian crowds, and the Gracie challengers brought a coffin to symbolize Kimura would be dead, just like they had done with Kato. At the start of the match, Hélio tried to throw him down with osoto gari and ouchi gari, but Kimura blocked them and scored multiple throws by ouchi gari, harai goshi, uchi mata and ippon seoi nage.[12] However, Helio Gracie was able to perform ukemi thanks to the soft mat used in competitions, so Kimura couldn't subdue him by throwing alone. The judoka started planning a way to win between throw and throw, and at the second round he took the fight to the ground, pinning Gracie with kuzure-kami-shiho-gatame. After a number of holds by the Japanese, including kesa-gatame, sankaku-jime and do-jime, the Brazilian looked unable to breathe under Kimura, but he persevered, until he tried to switch position by pushing with his arm. At that moment, Kimura seized the limb and executed gyaku-ude-garami. Hélio did not surrender, and Kimura rotated the arm until it broke. As Gracie still refused to give up, Masahiko twisted the arm further and broke it again. Finally, when the judoka was about to twist it a third time, Gracie's corner threw the towel, and Kimura was declared winner. A crowd of Japanese came and tossed Kimura high in celebration, while Hélio's arm was treated by doctors.[13][14] As a tribute to Kimura's victory, the armlock technique he used to defeat Gracie has since been commonly referred to as the Kimura lock, or simply the Kimura, in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and, more recently, mixed martial arts circles.

Kimura in professional wrestling[edit]

In the early 1950s, Kimura founded Kokusai Pro Wrestling Association.[15] He was also invited by Rikidōzan to compete as a professional wrestler in his Japan Pro Wrestling Association. They performed both as tag team partners and as opponents, but Kimura was not marketed or publicized as much as Rikidōzan. The Rikidōzan vs. Kimura match for the Japanese Professional Wrestling Heavyweight title was the first high-profile match, but, according to Kimura, it didn't go as planned, being one of the earliest examples of a shoot in professional wrestling.

The match was supposed to go to a draw and set up a series of rematches, but they never happened. During its course, in a spot in which Kimura would let Rikidōzan strike him with a karate chop in the chest, Rikidōzan broke the script and attacked Kimura for real, striking him in the neck instead and using full force. According to the judoka, the chop hit his neck arteries and he was rendered unconscious, while his opponent started to kick him on the ground. Rikidōzan won the match by knockout, and Kimura never received a rematch.

On December 8, 1963, while partying in a Tokyo nightclub, Rikidōzan was stabbed with a urine-soaked blade by gangster Katsushi Murata who belonged to the ninkyō dantai Sumiyoshi-ikka. He died a week later of peritonitis on December 15. Kimura's participation in the incident was suspected, as he is quoted in his autobiography as saying: "I could not forgive his treachery. That night, I received a phone call informing me that several ten yakuza are on their way to Tokyo to kill Rikidozan." However, Japanese author Toshiya Masuda would release in 2011 the book Why Kimura Didn't Kill Rikidozan, in which this theory is dismissed.

Kimura formed International Pro Wrestling Force (IPWF), a promotion based in his hometown of Kumamoto, as a local affiliate of The Japan Wrestling Association (JWA). Although JWA later took over operations, IPWF is remembered for being the first Japanese promotion to introduce Mexican Lucha Libre wrestlers.

Some biographers note that his professional wrestling career began shortly after his wife was diagnosed with tuberculosis, and it is speculated by some that he began professional wrestling to pay for her medication. Indeed, the predicament was likely beyond the financial means of a police instructor, which was his paying job prior to professional wrestling.

In the Korean film about Rikidozan released in 2004, Kimura is portrayed by Masakatsu Funaki but his surname is written Imura rather than Kimura.

Kimura vs. Valdemar Santana[edit]

Kimura went to Brazil again in 1959 to conduct his last professional wrestling tour, and he was challenged by Valdemar Santana to a "real" (not choreographed) submission match. Santana, a champion in Gracie Jiu Jitsu and capoeira, was 27 years old, 6 feet tall, and weighed 205 lb, 40 lbs more than Masahiko. He had fought Hélio Gracie and won by knockout, with the fight lasting more than three hours. His match with Kimura was brief, with the judoka throwing Santana with seoi nage, hane goshi and osoto gari before applying his famous gyaku-ude-garami, making him give up.

Santana requested a rematch under vale tudo rules, and this time the bout lasted 40 minutes. It would be considered by Kimura as one of his hardest fights ever, as he was ill and injured at the time of the match, and promoters supposedly threatened him with police presence in order to compel him to fight against his doctor's orders.[6] Kimura and Santana started trading strikes, and the capoeirista soon showed his superiority on this field, damaging Masahiko with high kicks and open-handed strikes. The judoka headbutted him in the abdomen and tried to throw him down, only for Valdemar to answer with another headbutt. Kimura tried to execute ippon seoi nage, but he slipped and fell to the ground, where Santana started striking him with punches and headbutts, but the judoka caught him in the momentum of a headbutt and broke his nose with a punch from the bottom. The competitors, both tired and bleeding, disengaged and returned to standing, where they continued exchanging strikes until the clock marked the end of the match.

Death[edit]

Kimura died on April 18, 1993, after a long battle with lung cancer. He was 75 years old.

Achievements[edit]

  • All-Japan Collegiate Championships (1935)
  • 7th All Japan Judo Championship (1937)
  • 8th All Japan Judo Championship (1938)
  • 9th All Japan Judo Championship (1939)
  • Ten-Ran Shiai tournament (1940)
  • 1947 West Japan Judo Championship
  • 1949 All Japan Judo Championship
  • 1936 Takudai Kosen Judo Championship

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Jim Chen, Theodore Chen. The Man Who Defeated Helio Gracie. July 3, 2003.
  2. ^ Andrew Lundy, John Molinaro, Dan Tavares. Japanese Athletes. CBC Sports. November 15, 2006.
  3. ^ Lawrence Eng. Grappling: Fact and Fiction. October 7, 2000.
  4. ^ "木村政彦-グレイシー柔術を倒した男- わが柔道". Gakken. November 16, 2001. ISBN 978-4583615509
  5. ^ a b c d Jim Chen M.D. Masahiko Kimura Biography
  6. ^ a b Masahiko Kimura Excerpt from My Judo 1984.
  7. ^ "Aikido and Judo – Interview with Gozo Shioda and Masahiko Kimura". 
  8. ^ Chen, J. (c. 2003): Masahiko Kimura (1917–1993): The man who defeated Helio Gracie Retrieved on April 7, 2010.
  9. ^ a b "Gods of War: Masahiko Kimura". 
  10. ^ "Gurnee Judo Club". 
  11. ^ Mehdi, Roberto Pedreira, Global Training Report. December 2001
  12. ^ Jim Chen, M.D. and Theodore Chen Masahiko Kimura The Man Who Defeated Helio Gracie Retrieved on April 24, 2012
  13. ^ "'My Judo' by Masahiko Kimura, His Story & Vision in His Own Words Part 2". 
  14. ^ "Masahiko Kimura Bio". 
  15. ^ Sports Graphic Number vol. 70 February 19, 1983.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Masahiko Kimura at Wikimedia Commons

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license