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What's Lurking Beneath the Massachusetts State House? - Fallout 4 Lore
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: Oxhorn
Massachusetts State House Tour w/ State Rep. Lew Evangelidis pt2
Massachusetts State House Tour w/ State Rep. Lew Evangelidis pt2
Published: 2009/01/30
Channel: HCTV11
Fallout 4 - Part 34 - Massachusetts State House - Mirelurk Queen [PC 1080p 60fps]
Fallout 4 - Part 34 - Massachusetts State House - Mirelurk Queen [PC 1080p 60fps]
Published: 2015/11/14
Channel: JamesInDigital
Tour of State House in Boston Massachusetts
Tour of State House in Boston Massachusetts
Published: 2013/05/20
Channel: Shiran De Silva
99 Chambers: Massachusetts State House
99 Chambers: Massachusetts State House
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: Massachusetts State Senate
Boston History in a Minute: Massachusetts State House
Boston History in a Minute: Massachusetts State House
Published: 2015/01/05
Channel: Ye Olde Tavern Tours
July 30, 2016 - Massachusetts State House -  Boston MA
July 30, 2016 - Massachusetts State House - Boston MA
Published: 2016/08/01
Channel: bluesmovers
Travel Massachusetts - Tour the Massachusetts State House in Boston
Travel Massachusetts - Tour the Massachusetts State House in Boston
Published: 2010/09/20
Channel: geobeats
Fallout 4 Exploring The Massachusetts State House / Mirelurk Queen?!?
Fallout 4 Exploring The Massachusetts State House / Mirelurk Queen?!?
Published: 2015/11/25
Channel: Lem
Fallout 4 playthrough pt48 - Follow the Freedom Trail: Massachusetts State House
Fallout 4 playthrough pt48 - Follow the Freedom Trail: Massachusetts State House
Published: 2015/11/13
Channel: DSPGaming
Massachusetts State House Virtual Tour
Massachusetts State House Virtual Tour
Published: 2008/11/16
Channel: cngmass
Time Capsule Removed From Mass. Statehouse
Time Capsule Removed From Mass. Statehouse
Published: 2014/12/12
Channel: Associated Press
Let
Let's Play - Fallout 4 Survival Mode - Mass. State House - 026
Published: 2015/11/30
Channel: Jordie Jordan
The Last of Us - Gameplay Walkthrough Part 10 - Massachusetts State House "Last of Us Walkthrough"
The Last of Us - Gameplay Walkthrough Part 10 - Massachusetts State House "Last of Us Walkthrough"
Published: 2013/06/14
Channel: TheMediaCows
Fallout 4: Massachusetts State House?
Fallout 4: Massachusetts State House?
Published: 2015/11/17
Channel: The Game Addicts
FALLOUT 4 • #155 - Massachusetts State House [HD+ German] | Let
FALLOUT 4 • #155 - Massachusetts State House [HD+ German] | Let's Play Fallout 4
Published: 2015/12/15
Channel: Sankura LP
Fallout 4: The Massachusetts State House of DOOM
Fallout 4: The Massachusetts State House of DOOM
Published: 2015/11/14
Channel: Magnum Knights
Fallout 4: Massachusetts State House Cleared
Fallout 4: Massachusetts State House Cleared
Published: 2015/11/18
Channel: The Game Addicts
FallOut 4 Gameplay Walkthrough-Massachusetts State House PC
FallOut 4 Gameplay Walkthrough-Massachusetts State House PC
Published: 2015/12/10
Channel: The Ika Gamer
Senator Harriette Chandler Invites ABS to Massachusetts State House
Senator Harriette Chandler Invites ABS to Massachusetts State House
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Autism Behavioral Services
Fallout 4:  |Massachusetts State House| (Hidden Mirelurk Queen scared the s#!t out of me)
Fallout 4: |Massachusetts State House| (Hidden Mirelurk Queen scared the s#!t out of me)
Published: 2015/11/27
Channel: Eric Almaraz
MASSACHUSETTS STATE HOUSE VIDEO
MASSACHUSETTS STATE HOUSE VIDEO
Published: 2015/10/29
Channel: zha1801
Let
Let's Play Fallout 4 Part 60 - Swan, Massachusetts State House
Published: 2016/01/08
Channel: Keith Ballard
Boston History Project: Stories behind Mass. State House statues
Boston History Project: Stories behind Mass. State House statues
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: Boston Herald
Nativity scene on display at Massachusetts State House
Nativity scene on display at Massachusetts State House
Published: 2016/12/22
Channel: WCVB Channel 5 Boston
"Free Speech Bus" visits Massachusetts State House
"Free Speech Bus" visits Massachusetts State House
Published: 2017/03/30
Channel: Evan Lips
Hidden History - Massachusetts State Time Capsule (Animated Short)
Hidden History - Massachusetts State Time Capsule (Animated Short)
Published: 2017/02/04
Channel: Daniel Byers
Massachusetts State House Tour w/ State Rep. Lew Evangelidis pt1
Massachusetts State House Tour w/ State Rep. Lew Evangelidis pt1
Published: 2009/01/15
Channel: HCTV11
Massachusetts State House in Boston
Massachusetts State House in Boston
Published: 2010/12/26
Channel: Wanda Kaluza
Boston Trump Protest - Massachusetts State House
Boston Trump Protest - Massachusetts State House
Published: 2016/11/09
Channel: Erin LaVigueur
ARMENIAN GENOCIDE 97TH COMMEMORATION MASSACHUSETTS STATE HOUSE
ARMENIAN GENOCIDE 97TH COMMEMORATION MASSACHUSETTS STATE HOUSE
Published: 2012/05/04
Channel: hyeyergink
The Freedom Trail - Massachusetts State House
The Freedom Trail - Massachusetts State House
Published: 2016/11/02
Channel: seh1711
MASSACHUSETTS STATE HOUSE.. July 23rd 2016.. Rally for our gun rights!
MASSACHUSETTS STATE HOUSE.. July 23rd 2016.. Rally for our gun rights!
Published: 2016/07/23
Channel: BriGuy Sixty2
Fallout 4 - Massachusetts State House & Killing The Mirelurk Queen
Fallout 4 - Massachusetts State House & Killing The Mirelurk Queen
Published: 2015/11/26
Channel: dChen
Mike Albano Outside the Massachusetts State House
Mike Albano Outside the Massachusetts State House
Published: 2012/08/09
Channel: Mike Albano
Fallout 4 Massachusetts State House Mirelurk Queen Fight (Survival Difficulty)
Fallout 4 Massachusetts State House Mirelurk Queen Fight (Survival Difficulty)
Published: 2015/12/01
Channel: Vylsith
Mary Galstian -  Massachusetts State House Hosts Armenian Genocide 102nd Anniversary
Mary Galstian - Massachusetts State House Hosts Armenian Genocide 102nd Anniversary
Published: 2017/04/22
Channel: userGSAM
Massachusetts State House Firearms Rally 1/19/2013 - Amazing Chinese-American Perspective!
Massachusetts State House Firearms Rally 1/19/2013 - Amazing Chinese-American Perspective!
Published: 2013/01/21
Channel: It's Time 2A
How secret State House negotiations killed Massachusetts
How secret State House negotiations killed Massachusetts' East-West rail study
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: MassLive
Massachusetts State House
Massachusetts State House
Published: 2008/07/12
Channel: JKINTERO
First “China Day” in Massachusetts State House
First “China Day” in Massachusetts State House
Published: 2016/10/07
Channel: New China TV
Massachusetts State House Firearms Rally 1/19/2013 - Highlights
Massachusetts State House Firearms Rally 1/19/2013 - Highlights
Published: 2013/01/21
Channel: It's Time 2A
Fallout 4: BIGGEST JUMPSCARE, Mirelurk Queen! (Massachusetts State House FALLOUT 4)
Fallout 4: BIGGEST JUMPSCARE, Mirelurk Queen! (Massachusetts State House FALLOUT 4)
Published: 2016/12/17
Channel: Twothless
Massachusetts State House Tour w/ State Rep. Lew Evangelidis pt4
Massachusetts State House Tour w/ State Rep. Lew Evangelidis pt4
Published: 2009/01/31
Channel: HCTV11
Diwali - Massachusetts State House - 10/23/2014 - FULL speaches
Diwali - Massachusetts State House - 10/23/2014 - FULL speaches
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: IskconBoston
Nativity at Massachusetts State House
Nativity at Massachusetts State House
Published: 2016/12/23
Channel: Worcester Sun
Massachusetts Marijuana Legalization Hearing, State House, 10.14.2009
Massachusetts Marijuana Legalization Hearing, State House, 10.14.2009
Published: 2009/10/15
Channel: MikeCANN
Massachusetts State House Video Large
Massachusetts State House Video Large
Published: 2014/03/14
Channel: The Freedom Trail Foundation
Massachusetts State House
Massachusetts State House
Published: 2012/08/09
Channel: fidellefidelle
MASSACHUSETTS STATE HOUSE | ROCK & ROJO FALLOUT 4 BOSTON TRIP | 5/9
MASSACHUSETTS STATE HOUSE | ROCK & ROJO FALLOUT 4 BOSTON TRIP | 5/9
Published: 2015/10/24
Channel: ROJSON
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Massachusetts Statehouse
Massachusetts State House - Boston, MA - DSC04664.JPG
The Massachusetts State House
Massachusetts State House is located in Boston
Massachusetts State House
Location Boston, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°21′29.4″N 71°3′49.3″W / 42.358167°N 71.063694°W / 42.358167; -71.063694Coordinates: 42°21′29.4″N 71°3′49.3″W / 42.358167°N 71.063694°W / 42.358167; -71.063694
Built 1795–1798
Architect
Architectural style Federal
Part of Beacon Hill Historic District (#66000130)
NRHP reference # 66000771
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHL December 19, 1960[2]
Designated CP October 15, 1966
Stereograph image of the Massachusetts State House c. 1862, before the addition of wings. The copper dome was first painted gray to appear as stone, and then was gilded in 1872.
The front gate of the State House, located on Beacon Street.
1827 drawing by Alexander Jackson Davis
The State House displaying a banner in honor of the Boston Red Sox's 2013 World Series appearance

The Massachusetts State House, also known as the Massachusetts Statehouse or the New State House, is the state capitol and seat of government for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, located in the Beacon Hill/Downtown[3][4] neighborhood of Boston. The building houses the Massachusetts General Court (state legislature) and the offices of the Governor of Massachusetts. The building, designed by noted architect Charles Bulfinch, was completed in January 1798 at a cost of $133,333 (more than five times the budget), and has repeatedly been enlarged since. It is considered a masterpiece of Federal architecture and among Bulfinch's finest works, and was designated a National Historic Landmark for its architectural significance.[5]

Building and grounds[edit]

The building is situated on 6.7 acres (27,000 m2) of land on top of Beacon Hill in Boston, opposite the Boston Common on Beacon Street. It was built on land once owned by John Hancock, Massachusetts's first elected governor.

Before the current State House was completed in 1798, Massachusetts's government house was the Old State House on Court Street. For the building's design, architect Charles Bulfinch made use of two existing buildings in London: William Chambers's Somerset House,[6] and James Wyatt's Pantheon.[7]

A major expansion of the original building was completed in 1895.[8] The architect for the annex was Bostonian Charles Brigham.

In 1917, the east and west wings, designed by architects Sturgis, Bryant, Chapman & Andrews, were completed.[9]

In July 2016, Governor Charlie Baker proposed to the state legislature to sell 300 square feet (28 m2) of permanent easement on the west side of the State House lawn to a neighboring condominium. The land in question was once pasture owned by John Hancock and the easement would allow for the addition of au pair units.[10]

Dome[edit]

The original wood dome, which leaked, was covered with copper in 1802 by Paul Revere's Revere Copper Company. Revere was the first American to roll copper successfully into sheets (for copper sheathing) in a commercially viable manner.

The dome was first painted gray and then light yellow before being gilded with gold leaf in 1874. During World War II, the dome was painted once again, this time black or gray (depending on the source), to prevent reflection during blackouts and to protect the city and building from bombing attacks. In 1997, at a cost of more than $300,000, the dome was re-gilded, in 23k gold.

The dome is topped with a gilded, wooden pine cone,[11] symbolizing both the importance of Boston's lumber industry during early colonial times and of the state of Maine, which was a district of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts when the Bulfinch section of the building was completed.

Statuary[edit]

In front of the building is an equestrian statue of General Joseph Hooker. Other statues in front of the building include Daniel Webster, educator Horace Mann, and former US President John F. Kennedy. The statues of Anne Hutchinson and Mary Dyer are located on the lawns below the east and west wings.

Inside the building[edit]

The original red-brick Bulfinch building contains the Governor's offices (on the west end) with the Massachusetts Senate occupying the former House of Representatives Chamber under the dome. The Massachusetts House of Representatives occupies a chamber on the west side of the Brigham addition. Hanging over this chamber is the "Sacred Cod", which was given to the House of Representatives in 1784 by a Boston merchant. The Sacred Cod symbolizes the importance of the fishing industry to the early Massachusetts economy.[12]

The second floor under the dome is decorated by murals painted by artist Edward Brodney.[13] Brodney won a competition to paint the first mural in a contest sponsored by the Works Progress Administration in 1936. It is entitled "Columbia Knighting Her World War Disabled." Brodney could not afford to pay models, and friends and family posed. The model for Columbia was Brodney's sister Norma Brodney Cohen, and the model for the soldier on one knee in the foreground was his brother Fred Brodney. In 1938, he painted a second mural under the dome called "World War Mothers." The models were again primarily friends and family members, with sister Norma sitting beside their mother Sarah Brodney.[14] The New York Times notes that the murals are relatively rare examples of military art with women as their subjects.

A staircase in front of the Bulfinch building leads from Beacon Street to Doric Hall inside the building. The large main doors inside Doric Hall are only opened on three occasions:[15]

  1. When the President of the United States or a foreign head of state visits.
  2. When the Governor exits the building on his or her last day in office. This tradition is known as the Long Walk and begins when the Governor, alone, exits the Executive Chamber, walks down to the second floor, through Doric Hall, and out the main doors. He or she then descends the staircase, crosses Beacon Street, and enters Boston Common, symbolically rejoining the people of Massachusetts as a private citizen. The tradition has been interrupted during recent years. Governor William Weld descended the staircase on his last day in office July 29, 1997, meeting his successor then-Lt.Governor A. Paul Cellucci on the stairs. Four years later, then-Governor Cellucci was deprived of his symbolic chance to descend the State House steps because of ongoing renovations to the front of the building. Acting Governor Jane Swift elected to walk down the stairs with her family before departing for the Berkshire Mountains. On January 4, 2007, Deval Patrick chose to be sworn in on the staircase and give his inaugural address there, forcing outgoing Governor Mitt Romney to take the Long Walk the day before his last in office.[16]
  3. When a regimental flag is returned from battle. Since the regimental flags now return to Washington, D.C., this has not been done since the Vietnam War.

Recently, the Samuel Adams and Paul Revere Time Capsule was found buried underneath the state house. The belongings were found in a brass box and it took several hours to remove it. Coins and other belonging's (writings, newspaper clippings) of that era where found.

In literature[edit]

One of Boston's most enduring nicknames, "The Hub of the Universe",[17] is from a remark by Oliver Wendell Holmes from his 1858 book The Autocrat of the Breakfast-Table in which he mentions the State House (emphasis added):

In movies[edit]

In the 1982 film The Verdict, the State House interior is used as both a court house and hospital.

The State House is featured prominently in the 2006 film The Departed as a symbol of the antagonist, Colin Sullivan's, ambition.

In video games[edit]

In the 2013 game The Last of Us, both the interior and exterior of the building are depicted. It is required to go through the whole building, which has been partially destroyed.

The State House is featured in Fallout 4, a video game by Bethesda Softworks.

Image gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2006-03-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "Massachusetts Statehouse". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Neighborhoods: Downtown". City of Boston. Retrieved October 2014.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  4. ^ "Electoral Maps". Boston Redevelopment Authority. Retrieved October 2014.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  5. ^ "NHL nomination for Massachusetts State House" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2015-02-22. 
  6. ^ Shand-Tucci, Douglass. Built in Boston: City and Suburb, 1800–2000, p. 6. University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst, 1999. ISBN 1-55849-201-1.
  7. ^ Whiffen, Marcus, and Koeper, Frederick. American Architecture, 1607–1976. Routledge (1981), p. 110. ISBN 0-7100-0813-9.
  8. ^ "A Guide to the Massachusetts State House". Mass.Gov. Retrieved 8 June 2015. 
  9. ^ Exterior Tour
  10. ^ Phillips, Frank (2016-07-21). "Baker wants to sell part of State House lawn". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2016-07-21. 
  11. ^ "Massachusetts State House". Retrieved 2016-07-21. 
  12. ^ Massachusetts State House, via cityofboston.gov
  13. ^ Martin, Douglas (2002-08-19). "Edward Brodney, 92, Who Painted War Scenes". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  14. ^ "Boston Women's Heritage Trail". Retrieved 2009-11-26. 
  15. ^ "Massachusetts Facts Part 3, The State House, Doric Hall". Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 20 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "Patrick Vows Inclusion in Inaugural Address". The Boston Globe. January 5, 2007. 
  17. ^ "Boston's nicknames: Beantown, Hub, the Walking City". The Boston Globe. August 10, 2006. 
  18. ^ Holmes, Oliver Wendell (1858). The Autocrat of the Breakfast-Table. Phillips, Sampson and Company. ; Holmes, Oliver Wendell (1891) [1858]. The Autocrat of the Breakfast-Table. Houghton, Mifflin and Company.  p. 172

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Arthur Milnor Bridgman. A Souvenir of Massachusetts legislators. Stoughton, Mass.: A.M. Bridgman, 1908.
  • Harold Kirker. Architecture of Charles Bulfinch. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1969.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Boston Common
Locations along Boston's Freedom Trail
Massachusetts State House
Succeeded by
Park Street Church

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