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Maxine Smith NAACP
Maxine Smith NAACP
Published: 2013/03/25
Channel: Media Source
ETERNAL MMA 12 - JESS MCCARTHY VS MAXINE SMITH - WMMA FIGHT VIDEO
ETERNAL MMA 12 - JESS MCCARTHY VS MAXINE SMITH - WMMA FIGHT VIDEO
Published: 2016/01/07
Channel: Eternal MMA
Maxine Smith STEAM 2016 PEP Rally
Maxine Smith STEAM 2016 PEP Rally
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: Shango Cooke
Maxine Smith STEAM Academy
Maxine Smith STEAM Academy
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: Shelby County Schools
11 yr old gets accepted to Maxine Smith STEAM Academy. His reaction is PRICELESS!!!
11 yr old gets accepted to Maxine Smith STEAM Academy. His reaction is PRICELESS!!!
Published: 2015/02/28
Channel: Veronica Lewis
Maxine Smith STEAM JV Vs Freedom Prep - 2016
Maxine Smith STEAM JV Vs Freedom Prep - 2016
Published: 2016/12/04
Channel: Shango Cooke
First Lady Maxine Smith preaching
First Lady Maxine Smith preaching
Published: 2014/06/30
Channel: kevinjohnson1180
Maxine Smith Steam (win) vs MSE - Highlights
Maxine Smith Steam (win) vs MSE - Highlights
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: Christopher Key
TN Dept of Education Visits Maxine Smith STEAM Academy
TN Dept of Education Visits Maxine Smith STEAM Academy
Published: 2015/08/19
Channel: Shelby County Schools
Interview with Maxine Smith 1
Interview with Maxine Smith 1
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Stories of Memphis with Mrs. Maxine Smith
Stories of Memphis with Mrs. Maxine Smith
Published: 2009/07/24
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Maxine Smith STEAM Knights JV 2016 - Coach Adams
Maxine Smith STEAM Knights JV 2016 - Coach Adams
Published: 2016/11/13
Channel: Shango Cooke
Reminisce featuring Maxine Smith
Reminisce featuring Maxine Smith
Published: 2016/03/19
Channel: Anita Clayton
The University of Memphis honorary degree recipient Maxine Smith.
The University of Memphis honorary degree recipient Maxine Smith.
Published: 2010/05/10
Channel: uofmemphisvideos
Maxine Smith STEAM Academy
Maxine Smith STEAM Academy
Published: 2015/02/09
Channel: SCS Newsroom
Cohen Honors Maxine Smith on House Floor
Cohen Honors Maxine Smith on House Floor
Published: 2013/04/26
Channel: RepCohen
Shoutout to Maxine smith!
Shoutout to Maxine smith!
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: Trish Moore
MAXINE SMITH- ASL Autobiography
MAXINE SMITH- ASL Autobiography
Published: 2014/12/01
Channel: Jacobe Smith
Maxine Smith
Maxine Smith
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: H&H e-Training
Maxine Smith STEAM Academy 2017-2018?
Maxine Smith STEAM Academy 2017-2018?
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: Kendra Kea
Maxine Smith 1
Maxine Smith 1
Published: 2014/01/29
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Maxine Smith STEAM Vs Golden Gate Game 4
Maxine Smith STEAM Vs Golden Gate Game 4
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: Shango Cooke
Maxine Smith - Life Story Digital Film
Maxine Smith - Life Story Digital Film
Published: 2013/03/28
Channel: lifestorynetfilms
Maxine Smith  Fellows Project, 2016- Dr. Jame
Maxine Smith Fellows Project, 2016- Dr. Jame'l R. Hodges
Published: 2017/04/24
Channel: Jame'l Hodges
Interview with Maxine Smith 2
Interview with Maxine Smith 2
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Lego Challenge ft. Maxine Smith
Lego Challenge ft. Maxine Smith
Published: 2016/07/15
Channel: KittehSkylar
Maxine Smith 23
Maxine Smith 23
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Interview with Maxine Smith 12
Interview with Maxine Smith 12
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Interview with Maxine Smith 15
Interview with Maxine Smith 15
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Maxine Smith 20
Maxine Smith 20
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Maxine Smith 27
Maxine Smith 27
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Maxine Smith 18
Maxine Smith 18
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Interview with Maxine Smith 3
Interview with Maxine Smith 3
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Interview with Maxine Smith 8
Interview with Maxine Smith 8
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Interview with Maxine Smith 5
Interview with Maxine Smith 5
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Interview with Maxine Smith 4
Interview with Maxine Smith 4
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Lischa Brooks At Maxine Smith STEAM
Lischa Brooks At Maxine Smith STEAM
Published: 2015/05/21
Channel: The Commercial Appeal
Interview with Maxine Smith 14
Interview with Maxine Smith 14
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Interview with Maxine Smith 9
Interview with Maxine Smith 9
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Interview with Maxine Smith 13
Interview with Maxine Smith 13
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Interview with Maxine Smith 16
Interview with Maxine Smith 16
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Adalyn Maxine Smith
Adalyn Maxine Smith
Published: 2010/10/16
Channel: TheBhaller
Maxine M. Smith
Maxine M. Smith
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: Iles Tech
Maxine Smith STEAM Dedication
Maxine Smith STEAM Dedication
Published: 2014/08/31
Channel: SCS Newsroom
Interview with Maxine Smith 6
Interview with Maxine Smith 6
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Maxine Smith 17
Maxine Smith 17
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Maxine Smith 6
Maxine Smith 6
Published: 2014/01/29
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Umbrella Talk with Access Space artist: Maxine Smith
Umbrella Talk with Access Space artist: Maxine Smith
Published: 2013/03/12
Channel: Umbrella Studio
Maxine Smith 4
Maxine Smith 4
Published: 2014/01/29
Channel: Crossroads Archive
Maxine Smith Technology Story
Maxine Smith Technology Story
Published: 2009/11/27
Channel: Kenyatta Lovett
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Maxine Smith
Born (1929-10-31)October 31, 1929
Memphis, Tennessee, United States
Died April 26, 2013(2013-04-26) (aged 83)
Burial place Elmwood Cemetery, Memphis
Alma mater Spelman College, Middlebury College
Occupation Academic, school board official
Organization National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Known for American Civil Rights Movement
Spouse(s) Vasco A. Smith, Jr.
Children One

Maxine (Atkins) Smith (October 31, 1929 — April 26, 2013) born in Memphis, Tennessee, United States, was an academic, civil rights activist, and school board official.[1][2]

Smith's leadership in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and her involvement with educational planning at both the local and state levels in Tennessee, enabled her to support the American Civil Rights Movement and advance school desegregation.

Personal life and education[edit]

Smith was the youngest of three children of Joseph and Georgia Rounds Atkins.[1] In 1945, at age 15, Smith graduated Booker T. Washington High School in Memphis. She earned a bachelor's degree in biology from Spelman College in Atlanta in 1949, and a master's degree in French from Middlebury College in Vermont.[1]

In 1955 she married Vasco A. Smith, Jr., a dentist, civil rights leader, and the first black county commissioner in Memphis.[1][3][4] Smith gave birth to a son in 1956.[1]

Career and civil rights involvement[edit]

Smith became assistant professor of French at Prairie View A&M University in Prairie View, Texas, and then at Florida A&M University in Tallahassee, Florida.[1] Smith then taught briefly at Le Moyne College in Syracuse, New York.[1]

In 1957, Smith applied to pursue graduate studies at the University of Memphis, but was denied admission because she was black.[1][2][5] This led Smith to become involved with the Memphis Branch of the NAACP. In 1962, Smith was named Executive Secretary of the branch, and continued in that role until her retirement in 1995.[1]

In 1960, Smith assisted in desegregating Memphis public schools, and in 1961 Smith personally escorted the first 13 black children to their new desegregated schools.[2][5] Through her leadership with the Memphis NAACP, Smith advocated for civil rights by organizing sit-ins, marches, lawsuits, voter registration drives, and student boycotts such as the "If You're Black, Take It Back" campaign to boycott downtown stores which had segregated water fountains and work forces.[2][5]

In 1968, Smith served on the coordinating committee of the Memphis Sanitation Strike, an event which brought Martin Luther King, Jr. to the city, where he was assassinated.[2]

In 1971, Smith was the first African-American elected to the Memphis Board of Education, a position she held until her retirement in 1995.[1][2] Smith advocated for the promotion of school principal W. W. Herenton to the role of school superintendent in 1978, the first African-American to hold that position in Memphis. Smith later supported Herenton's successful bid to become mayor of Memphis.[2][5]

In 1991, Smith was elected president of the Memphis Board of Education, a role she served for two terms, retiring in 1995.[1][2][5] In 1994, Tennessee Governor Ned McWherter appointed Smith to the Tennessee Board of Regents, the governing body for many public colleges and universities throughout the state.[1]

Honors and recognition[edit]

Smith was presented with a Freedom Award by the National Civil Rights Museum in 2003, and awarded a Doctor of Humane Letters by her alma mater, Spelman College, in 2004.[1]

Smith was featured in the 2008 documentary about the Civil Rights Movement, The Witness: From the Balcony of Room 306.[2]

Death[edit]

Smith suffered a number of health issues, and underwent heart surgery in 2012. She died April 26, 2013 at age 83, and was buried at Elmwood Cemetery in Memphis.[6] Congressman Steve Cohen commented:

Maxine Smith was the Mother of the Civil Rights Movement in Memphis, having served on the National Board of the NAACP and as the Executive Secretary of the Memphis Branch of the NAACP where she coordinated the desegregation of everything in Memphis from schools to lunch counters to theater seating, and libraries, as well as public accommodations and facilities. Maxine Smith was an unstoppable force during the Civil Rights Movement, not only in Memphis but across America.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Maxine A. Smith NAACP Collection". Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Maxine Smith". The HistoryMakers. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  3. ^ DeCosta-Willis, Miriam (2008). Notable Black Memphians. Cambria Press. p. 280. 
  4. ^ Farrell, Paul (April 26, 2013). "Civil Rights Icon Dr. Maxine Smith Dies: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Heavy.com. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Baker, Jackson (April 26, 2013). "Maxine Smith, Civil Rights Icon, Dead at 83". Memphis Flyer. 
  6. ^ Clark, Kym; Madden, Ursula. "Civil Rights Activist Maxine Smith Dies". WMC Actionnews 5. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  7. ^ Smith, Steve (April 26, 2013). "Cohen on Passing of Civil Rights Pioneer Maxine Smith". Congressman Steve Cohen. 

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