Maywood was incorporated as a borough on June 29, 1894, from portions of Midland Township, based on the results of a referendum held that day. The borough was formed during the "Boroughitis" phenomenon then sweeping through Bergen County, in which 26 boroughs were formed in the county in 1894 alone. The borough's name came from the name of a station established in the area by the New Jersey Midland Railroad.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.287 square miles (3.335 km2), including 1.286 square miles (3.332 km2) of land and 0.001 square miles (0.004 km2) of water (0.11%).
The 2010 United States Census counted 9,555 people, 3,649 households, and 2,591 families residing in the borough. The population density was 7,428.0 per square mile (2,868.0/km2). The borough contained 3,769 housing units at an average density of 2,930.0 per square mile (1,131.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 74.78% (7,145) White, 5.34% (510) Black or African American, 0.18% (17) Native American, 10.98% (1,049) Asian, 0.02% (2) Pacific Islander, 6.16% (589) from other races, and 2.54% (243) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 18.68% (1,785) of the population.
Out of a total of 3,649 households, 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the borough, 21.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.7 years. For every 100 females the census counted 90.4 males, but for 100 females at least 18 years old, it was 87.6 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $82,792 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,759) and the median family income was $97,776 (+/- $5,312). Males had a median income of $62,450 (+/- $4,738) versus $54,471 (+/- $7,2865) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $36,461 (+/- $2,475). About 3.4% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.
There were 3,710 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.2% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the borough the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $62,113, and the median income for a family was $73,419. Males had a median income of $49,566 versus $38,193 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $28,117. About 2.5% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over.
The central business district of the borough is located on West Pleasant Avenue from the intersection of Maywood Avenue to Lincoln Avenue, and is where most of the local restaurants and shops reside. The business district of Maywood was renovated through a "Streetscapes" grant used to fix up the sidewalks, streets and lighting.
Coca-Cola uses a coca leaf extract prepared by a Stepan Company plant in Maywood as in ingredient. The facility, which had been known as the Maywood Chemical Works (and is also a known Superfund site), was purchased by Stepan in 1959. The plant is the only commercial entity in the country authorized by the Drug Enforcement Administration to import coca leaves, which come primarily from Peru. The non-narcotic extract is sold to Coke, while the active ingredient is sold to a pharmaceutical firm for medicinal purposes.
Maywood's Memorial Park is across the street from Memorial School on Grant Avenue and is open to anyone. The park includes multiple baseball fields and a vast open field for soccer, football, running, etc. Further back is a multi-hoop concrete basketball court and two jungle gyms with swings. Around the circumference of the park is a 1/2-mile long bike path.
Maywood is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Maywood, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2016[update], the Mayor of Maywood is Republican Adrian Febre, serving a term of office ending December 31, 2019. Members of the Borough Council are Council President Frank Morrone (R, 2018; who switched parties from Democrat to Republican in 2015), Rickie A. DeHeer (R, 2017), Michael Gervino (R, 2016), Thomas Lindenau (R, 2016), Francis J. "Frank" Messar, III (R, 2017) and Claire Padovano (R, 2018).
Adrian Febre was appointed to serve the remaining term of office vacated by former Mayor Gregg Padovano who resigned upon his appointment to a seat on the New Jersey Superior Court. In turn, Michael Gervino was appointed in February 2015 to serve the remaining months of the council tern term vacated by Febre. Gervino won election in November 2015 to serve the balance of the term.
In elections held on November 4, 2013, Republican incumbent Adrian Febre and Republican newcomer Thomas Lindenau defeated Democratic incumbent Erich Fleischmann and Democratic newcomer Jonathan King, shifting the council from a 3-3 tie in 2013 to a majority of four Republicans versus two Democrats.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 5,711 registered voters in Maywood, of which 1,872 (32.8% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,066 (18.7% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 2,767 (48.5% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 6 voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 59.8% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 75.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 2,513 votes (56.3% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 1,877 votes (42.1% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 47 votes (1.1% vs. 0.9%), among the 4,462 ballots cast by the borough's 6,047 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.8% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County). In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 2,564 votes (54.0% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 2,087 votes (43.9% vs. 44.5%) and other candidates with 49 votes (1.0% vs. 0.8%), among the 4,752 ballots cast by the borough's 5,992 registered voters, for a turnout of 79.3% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 2,293 votes (50.5% vs. 51.7% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 2,184 votes (48.1% vs. 47.2%) and other candidates with 43 votes (0.9% vs. 0.7%), among the 4,540 ballots cast by the borough's 5,752 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.9% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 61.0% of the vote (1,708 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 37.6% (1,052 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (39 votes), among the 2,898 ballots cast by the borough's 5,850 registered voters (99 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 49.5%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 1,352 ballots cast (46.4% vs. 48.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 1,340 votes (46.0% vs. 45.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 165 votes (5.7% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 26 votes (0.9% vs. 0.5%), among the 2,911 ballots cast by the borough's 5,850 registered voters, yielding a 49.8% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).
The district offers a wide variety of after school activities ranging from cheerleading to chess club, and where all students have the opportunity to contribute to their school newspaper, The Hawk (Grades 6–8), and the school's new newspaper,The Mini Hawk (Grades 4 and 5), and eighth graders may assist with their yearbook. For the 1996–97 school year, Memorial School was formally recognized with the National Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence, the highest honor that an American school can achieve.
The Maywood police department has been serving the community since 1894 and has a force of 22 sworn officers. Maywood Police Communications is staffed by certified EMD Telecommunicators who handle all local 9-1-1 emergency calls and dispatches all emergency services. Maywood also has sworn Class 1 Special Law Enforcement Officers who assist with traffic control and park patrols.
Maywood First Aid and Emergency Squad is comprised of all volunteers, manning two basic life support units. During the weekdays two paid EMTs staff the unit. Maywood FA&ES is a member of the 24th district New Jersey First Aid Council.
Maywood has an all-volunteer fire department. There are two fire stations in Maywood. Station 1 (T17-E18) is located on Park Avenue and Station 2 (E19-R23) is located on West Hunter Avenue. Maywood also houses a Fire Police department that was founded in 1926. The Fire Police assist both fire and police departments.
Maywood is home to Our Lady Queen of Peace Roman Catholic Church, First Presbyterian Church, Lutheran Church of the Redeemer, Zion Lutheran Church, St. Martin's Episcopal Church, and Temple Beth Israel, a Reconstructionistsynagogue established in 1928, which moved to its current location in 1931.
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 24.91 miles (40.09 km) of roadways, of which 21.06 miles (33.89 km) were maintained by the municipality, 3.54 miles (5.70 km) by Bergen County and 0.31 miles (0.50 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Route 17 passes through Maywood. Main roads in Maywood include Maywood Avenue, Central Avenue, Passaic Street, and Spring Valley Road.
The Maywood Train Station was restored after a proposal was made by the borough in 2002 to consider demolishing the landmark. It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 2003 as Building #03000487. The station was restored by the all-volunteer, non-profit Maywood Station Historical Committee, who now operate the historic site as the Maywood Station Museum.
^Harvey, Cornelius Burnham. Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey, p. 11, New Jersey Genealogical Publishing Company, 1900. Accessed September 1, 2013. "For a period of sixteen years following the passage of this act few boroughs were organized in the State, only three of them being in Bergen County.... As it was twenty-six boroughs were in the county from January 23, 1894, to December 18, of the same year."
^The History of Maywood, Maywood Historical Committee. Accessed September 5, 2015. "In 1871 the New Jersey Midland Railroad, now known as the New York Susquehanna and Western, was constructed and through the help of property owners, a railroad station was erected at a country road crossing and given the name 'Maywood.'"
^Clark, Susan Joy. "Richards out as administrator in Maywood", Community News, January 12, 2012. Accessed December 5, 2014. "Richards looked back at the time that Bergen Town Center was being developed.... When Vornado took over, I went over several times and convinced them to develop the Maywood side of the mall. When you drive past it now, you see there are new buildings going up now."
^Benson, Drew. "Coca kick in drinks spurs export fears", The Washington Times, April 20, 2004. Accessed June 14, 2007. "Coke dropped cocaine from its recipe around 1900, but the secret formula still calls for a cocaine-free coca extract produced at a Stepan Co. factory in Maywood, N.J. Stepan buys about 100 metric tons of dried Peruvian coca leaves each year, said Marco Castillo, spokesman for Peru's state-owned National Coca Co."
^May, Clifford D. "How Coca-Cola Obtains Its Coca", The New York Times, July 1, 1988. Accessed January 22, 2012. "A Stepan laboratory in Maywood, N.J., is the nation's only legal commercial importer of coca leaves, which it obtains mainly from Peru and, to a lesser extent, Bolivia. Besides producing the coca flavoring agent for Coca-Cola, Stepan extracts cocaine from the coca leaves, which it sells to Mallinckrodt Inc., a St. Louis pharmaceutical manufacturer that is the only company in the United States licensed to purify the product for medicinal use."
^Holman, Tonya. "Record company has been going strong for 15 years", Community News, June 30, 2011. Accessed December 5, 2014. "Fake Chapter Records of Maywood will be marking its 15 anniversary on Nov. 11.... The president of Fake Chapter Records goes by the name Gilligan, and said he started the company when he was 18."
^Careers at Myron, Myron Corp. Accessed December 5, 2014. "We are headquartered in Maywood, NJ, convenient to routes 17, 80 & 4, the Garden State Parkway, NJ Turnpike and just 20 minutes from Manhattan. 205 Maywood Avenue, Maywood, NJ 07607"
^Clark, Susan Joy. "New councilman joins governing body in Maywood", Community News, March 4, 2015. Accessed March 8, 2015. "Republican Mike Gervino was sworn in as a new councilman in Maywood at a Feb. 24 public meeting. Former Mayor Gregg Padovano stepped down from the council to take a job as a Superior Court judge. The council voted Councilman Adrian Febre as the new mayor and this left a vacancy on the council that Gervino is filling."
^Clark, Susan. "Republicans win council seats in Maywood", Community News, November 5, 2013. Accessed December 5, 2014. "Republicans won two seats for three-year terms on the council in Maywood. Incumbent Republican Councilman Adrian Febre (1,325) and his running mate, Republican Thomas J. Lindenau (1,328) defeated Democrats Incumbent Councilman Erich Fleischmann (1,216) and his running mate, Jonathan B. King, (1,056)."
^Alvarado, Monsy. "Maywood to study sending high schoolers to Paramus over Hackensack", The Record (Bergen County), January 14, 2011. Accessed August 13, 2013. "A study to see if it would be financially and educationally beneficial for the borough to send its public high school students to Paramus is underway. The school district has sent its students to Hackensack High School for decades, but borough school officials say they can no longer afford Hackensack's growing per student tuition costs, and annual tuition rate adjustments.... Besides 250 students from Maywood, Hackensack High School also serves about 120 students from Rochelle Park and 80 students from South Hackensack."
^Clark, Susan Joy. "District evaluating Hackensack agreement", Community News, January 27, 2011. Accessed December 5, 2014. "There is no high school in Maywood and students now go to Hackensack. The Maywood School District is looking at Paramus High School for a possible sending relationship due to tuition hikes at Hackensack High School."
^History, Maywood Station Historical Committee. Accessed May 17, 2016. "Faced with a pending order of demolition by the Borough of Maywood in early 2002 due to the deteriorating conditions of the station, a volunteer, 501C3 non-profit group named the Maywood Station Historical Committee Division of the New York, Susquehanna & Western Technical & Historical Society, Inc. was formed on May 29, 2002 with a plan to restore the station and turn it into a museum."
^Steinberg, David. "Jazz and all that", Albuquerque Journal, July 13, 2012. Accessed May 17, 2016. "'Once I became a jazz musician, I wanted to do a world-music record, but the label felt there was no outlet, if you will, for those types of records. But I still wanted to do it,' Carter said in a phone interview from her home in Maywood, N.J."
^"Extension Oral History Project - Walt Schroeder – Part 1", Oregon Digital, October 28, 2007. Accessed May 17, 2016. "And at a young age we moved to another little town close to Hackensack called Maywood, or in the Dutch term, Maien Valdt which was a little Dutch settlement pretty much and quite a few Germans and others there. I went to school in Maywood; we did not have a high school in that town of Maywood, so all our tenth grade kids after we graduated from ninth grade went over to Bogota High School and they had about the same size population as we had and so we made a full high school - 120 in my graduating class."
^Staff. "Two Letters From His Wife", The Sun (New York), 1909. Accessed September 5, 2015. "Stoddart, who is a member of the National Arts Club, is 41 years old, and his wife is 33. They were married in Georgia in 1893 and Mrs. Stoddart left her husband last July, soon after they had moved to the city from Maywood.N. J., where they had lived for several years."