MRC Council Award
Prof. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan -- decoding by the ribosome
This small piece of "oragami" ... is actually made of DNA!!
May I Smoke?
A ESCALA DO MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL (MRC).wmv
Davos 2014 - A press conference organised by the European Research Council: (Re)search for growth
Launch of MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol
Avicenna Directory of Medicine Listed and Acceprable at GMC-UK & MCNZ: IUSOM PreMed Admissions
UK's first cystic fibrosis gene therapy trial
NICTA: Prostate Cancer Genomics Research
British Council of Undergraduate Research Conference 2011
What causes BSE, CJD & MS? Organic Farmer Mark Purdey on Organophosphates (2001)
What Does RCUK's Open Access Policy Mean for Researchers in the UK?
Avicenna Directory of Medicine Listed and Acceprable at GMC-UK & MCNZ: IUSOM M.D. Degree Admissions
PreMed Admissions for May 2013 Semester at IUSOM: Listed at AVICENNA Directory
Aboriginal Health Research Network overview
IUSOM: LISTED AT AVICENNA WORLD DIRECTORY OF MEDICINE AND ACCEPTABLE AT GMC-UK AND MCNZ
M.D. Degree Admissions for May 2013 Semester at IUSOM: Listed at AVICENNA Directory
PreMed Admissions for January 2013 Semester at IUSOM: Listed at AVICENNA Directory
Apply for PreMed Admissions for January 2013 Semester at IUSOM: Listed at AVICENNA Directory
M.D. Degree Admissions for January 2013 Semester at IUSOM: Listed at AVICENNA Directory
SPECIALE SIP 2012: Henrietta Bowden-Jones, la cura della dipendenza da gioco d'azzardo in UK
Apply for M.D. Degree Admissions for January 2013 Semester at IUSOM: Listed at AVICENNA Directory
Apply for M.D. Degree Admissions for January 2012 Semester at IUSOM: Listed at AVICENNA Directory
What do complaints tell us about professionalism?
Apply for M.D. Degree Admissions for May 2012 Semester at IUSOM
M.D. Degree Admissions for September 2011 Semester at IUSOM: AVICENNA Directory of Medicine Listed
Blood Test Breakthrough for Variant CJD - 13th January 2012
Apply for PreMed Admissions for January 2012 Semester at IUSOM: Listed at AVICENNA Directory
Dr Subhash Mukhopadhyay Ek Doctor Ki Maut IVF, Did India miss a medicine Nobel
IUSOM: ITS CHARTER, RECOGNITION, AND APPROVAL BY BONAIRE AND NETHERLANDS GOVERNMENTS AND BY AVICENNA
February 2014 Breaking News Labs Mixing Human DNA Animal DNA 1 of 5 - Last days news prophecy
Manatee County Tiger Bay - Medical Marijuana
Join a "Fusion-Powered Hangout": Come to Field Trip Friday with astrophysicist Steve Cowley
20 Muslim Academics Speaking About God
Saudi Shura Councilwomen share their historic participation
Dr. Ram Upreti speaks ....Desh Prem........Sadai Bhari.
PONDICHERRY MAHATMA GANDHI MEDICAL COLLEGE
National Institute for Medical Research, London 10.1.1990
Council of Europe Debate Genital Cutting Of Boys Jan '14
Cancer Research UK - Sun safety tips
UK unemployment, poverty at all time high
CER and HTA: A View From the UK
Behavioral Approaches To Control Chronic Diseases - Abu Abdullah, MD
Panel Discussion: Creating an International Agenda for Implementation of Genomic Medicine
Fox news Gov. Jesse Ventura calls for the decriminalization of marijuana (Mirror)
US-UK encryption hacking: 'Scale is surprising'
Where are all the Women? A British Academy panel discussion
END WAR: US-UK Prolonged Genocidal UN Sanctions On Iraq Till 2003 Iraq Invasion; 500k Children Die
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Medical Research Council (the MRC) is a publicly funded government agency responsible for co-ordinating and funding medical research in the United Kingdom. It is one of seven Research Councils in the UK and is answerable to, although politically independent from, the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.
The MRC focuses on high-impact research and has provided the financial support and scientific expertise behind a number of medical breakthroughs, including the development of penicillin and the discovery of the structure of DNA. Research funded by the MRC has produced 30 Nobel Prize winners to date.
History [ edit ]
The MRC was founded as the
Medical Research Committee and Advisory Council in 1913, with its prime role being the distribution of medical research funds under the terms of the [1 ] National Insurance Act 1911. This was a consequence of the recommendation of the Royal Commission on Tuberculosis, which recommended the creation of a permanent medical research body. The mandate was not limited to tuberculosis, however.
In 1920, it became the Medical Research
Council under Royal Charter. A supplementary Charter was formally approved by the Queen on 17 July 2003.
In August 2012 the creation of the MRC-NIHR Phenome Centre, a research centre for personalised medicine, was announced.
[2 ] The centre will be based at [3 ] GlaxoSmithKline's research and development facility in Harlow, Essex, inheriting the anti-doping facilities used to test samples during the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games. [2 ] The centre will be led by Imperial College London and will be funded with two five-year grants of £5 million from the Medical Research Council and the National Institute for Health Research. [3 ] [2 ] [3 ]
Notable research [ edit ]
Important work carried out under MRC auspices has included:
the identification of the dietary cause of
rickets by Sir Edward Mellanby; [4 ] the discovery, in 1918, that
influenza is caused by a virus; [5 ] the description of
neurotransmission and the first neurotransmitter, acetylcholine, by Sir Henry Hallett Dale and Otto Loewi, leading to a Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1936; the development of
penicillin by Sir Alexander Fleming, Sir Ernst Boris Chain and Lord Florey, gaining them the 1945 Nobel Prize; [6 ] linkage of
lung cancer to tobacco smoking by Sir Richard Doll and Sir Austin Bradford Hill in the British doctors study, published in 1956; [7 ] the discovery of the structure of
DNA by James D. Watson, Francis Crick, Rosalind Franklin and Professor Maurice Wilkins. Three would receive the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine for their discovery; [8 ] the development of
magnetic resonance imaging in 1973 by Professor Peter Mansfield and independently by Paul Lauterbur. This would lead to the 2003 Nobel Prize; [9 ] the development of
monoclonal antibodies by [10 ] César Milstein and Georges Köhler in 1975 (1984 Nobel Prize); the identification, in 1983, of
folic acid as a preventive measure for spina bifida and neural tube defects; [11 ] the conducting of large studies in the 1970s and 1980s which established that
aspirin can decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease; the publication of the
genome of , the first multicellular organism to receive this treatment, in 1998; C. elegans the ongoing
Heart Protection Study, showing benefits of primary prevention with [12 ] simvastatin in patients at high risk for cardiovascular disease; Dr
Venki Ramakrishnan of the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology winning the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2009 for showing how ribosomes, the tiny protein-making factories inside cells, function at the atomic level; [13 ] the discovery that early treatment of HIV-infected babies with anti-retroviral therapy can dramatically increase their chances of survival;
the development of a test for detecting infectious prions on surgical instruments which is more accurate than previous tests and 100 times faster;
the identification of the second ever genetic variant associated with obesity;
and [14 ] the finding that high quality surgery combined with a short course of radiotherapy can halve the rate of recurrence of colorectal cancer.
Scientists associated with the MRC have received a total of 29 Nobel Prizes, all in either
Physiology or Medicine or Chemistry [16 ]
Organisation and leadership [ edit ]
The MRC is one of seven
Research Councils and since 6 June 2009 has been answerable to, although politically independent from, the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. In the past, the MRC has been answerable to the [17 ] Office of Science and Innovation, part of the Department of Trade and Industry.
The MRC is governed by a council of 14 members, which convenes every two months. Its Council, which directs and oversees corporate policy and science strategy, ensures that the MRC is effectively managed, and makes policy and spending decisions. Council members are drawn from industry, academia, government and the NHS. Members are appointed by the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills. Daily management is in the hands of the Chief Executive. Members of the council also chair specialist boards on specific areas of research. For specific subjects, the council convenes committees.
Chief Executive Officers [ edit ]
As Chief Executive Officers (originally secretaries) served:
Chairmen [ edit ]
Institutes, centres and units [ edit ]
The MRC has 27 units and three institutes in the UK and one unit in each of The Gambia and Uganda.
It also has 26 centres offering partnerships with UK universities to develop centres of scientific excellence. [19 ] Three MRC-funded 'lifelong health' research centres were announced in 2008 as part of the Lifelong Health and Wellbeing programme - the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and the Economic and Social Research Council. [19 ] [19 ]
The following is a list of the MRC's current institutes, centres and units:
MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit
MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS
MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit (based at the
University of Glasgow) MRC Institute of Hearing Research (based at the University of Glasgow)
MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research (based at the University of Glasgow)
MRC Mammalian Genetics Unit
Research Complex at Harwell (RCaH)
MRC Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma (based at
King's College London) MRC Cell Biology Unit (based at
University College London) MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health (based at University College London)
MRC Centre for Developmental Neurobiology (based at King's College London)
MRC Centre for Molecular Bacteriology and Infection (based at Imperial College London)
MRC Centre for Neuromuscular Diseases (based at University College London)
MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling (based at
Imperial College London) MRC Centre for Transplantation (based at King's College London)
MRC Clinical Sciences Centre (CSC) (based at Imperial College London)
MRC Clinical Trials Unit (CTU)
The Crucible Centre (based at University College London)
MRC-HPA Centre for Environment and Health (jointly based at King's College London and Imperial College London)
MRC International Nutrition Group (based at the
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine) MRC
National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR) including the MRC Biomedical NMR Centre (planned to move to the new Francis Crick Institute in 2015, a partnership between the MRC, Cancer Research UK, Imperial College London, King's College London, the Wellcome Trust and University College London) [20 ] MRC Prion Unit (based at University College London)
MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry (SGDP) Centre (based at King's College London)
MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, home of the
National Survey of Health & Development MRC/University College London Centre for Medical Molecular Virology (based at University College London)
MRC Anatomical Neuropharmacology Unit
MRC/Cancer Research UK/BHF Clinical Trial Service Unit & Epidemiological Studies Unit (CTSU)
MRC/Cancer Research UK Gray Institute for Radiation Oncology and Biology (based at the
University of Oxford) MRC Centre for Genomics and Global Health
MRC Functional Genomics Unit (based at the University of Oxford)
MRC Human Immunology Unit (based at the University of Oxford)
MRC Molecular Haematology Unit
MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit
References [ edit ]
^ "Records created or inherited by the Medical Research Council". The National Archives . Retrieved 28 February 2012.
^ a b c "London 2012 legacy to include medical research centre". Times Higher Education. 1 August 2012 . Retrieved 1 August 2012.
^ a b c "Legacy for anti-doping centre". BBC News. 1 August 2012 . Retrieved 1 August 2012.
^ "Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography: Mellanby, Edward". Encyclopedia.com . Retrieved 28 February 2012.
^ "Social History of Medicine - Uses of a Pandemic: Forging the Identities of Influenza and Virus Research in Interwar Britain". Oxford University Press. 15 December 2011 . Retrieved 28 February 2012.
^ Bud, Robert (2007). . Oxford University Press. Penicillin Triumph and Tragedy ISBN 978-0-19-925406-4.
^ Doll, R.; Peto, R.; Boreham, J.; Sutherland, I. (2005). "Mortality from cancer in relation to smoking: 50 years observations on British doctors". British Journal of Cancer 92 (3): 426–429. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6602359. PMC 2362086. PMID 15668706.
^ Torsten, Krude; Klug, Aaron (2004). . Cambridge University Press. pp. 3–26. Changing Science and Society ISBN 0-521-82378-1.
^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2003". Nobelprize.org . Retrieved 28 February 2012.
^ "Therapeutic Antibodies and the LMB". MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology . Retrieved 28 February 2012.
^ Centers for Disease Control (CDC) (1991). "Use of folic acid for prevention of spina bifida and other neural tube defects--1983-1991". MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report 40 (30): 513–516. PMID 2072886.
^ Collins, R.; Armitage, J.; Parish, S.; Sleigh, P.; Peto, R.; Heart Protection Study Collaborative Group (2003). "MRC/BHF Heart Protection Study of cholesterol-lowering with simvastatin in 5963 people with diabetes: A randomised placebo-controlled trial". Lancet 361 (9374): 2005–2016. PMID 12814710.
^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009". Nobelprize.org . Retrieved 28 February 2012.
^ Loos, R. J. F. (2009). "Recent progress in the genetics of common obesity". British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 68 (6): 811–829. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2125.2009.03523.x. PMC 2810793. PMID 20002076.
^ "Press release: Doctors more than halve local relapse of rectal cancer". http://insciences.org. 6 March 2009 . Retrieved 28 February 2012.
^ "Nobel Prize Winners". Medical Research Council . Retrieved 28 February 2012.
^ "RCUK: Medical Research Council". Research Councils UK . Retrieved 28 February 2012.
^ "MRC Council". Medical Research Council . Retrieved 28 February 2012.
^ a b c d "Units, centres and institutes". Medical Research Council . Retrieved 5 November 2010.
^ "Press release: £250 million commitment to UKCMRI". MRC National Institute for Medical Research. 26 March 2010 . Retrieved 12 August 2010.
External links [ edit ]
Video clips [ edit ]
Mashpedia enables any individual or company to promote their own Youtube-hosted videos or Youtube Channels, offering a simple and effective plan to get them in front of our engaged audience.
Want to learn more? Please contact us at: firstname.lastname@example.org