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AstraZeneca and the MRC to create new UK Centre for Lead Discovery
AstraZeneca and the MRC to create new UK Centre for Lead Discovery
Published: 2014/05/13
Channel: Medical Research Council
UK Dementias Research Platform - Dr John Gallacher
UK Dementias Research Platform - Dr John Gallacher
Published: 2014/06/19
Channel: Medical Research Council
How Much Money Is Spent On Medical Research Each Year?
How Much Money Is Spent On Medical Research Each Year?
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: Question Bag
Research Councils UK
Research Councils UK
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: Search Engine
A typical day at MRC EU.WMV
A typical day at MRC EU.WMV
Published: 2009/12/08
Channel: MRCEurope
Your life in a drop of blood | Dr Terry Pearson | TEDxVancouver
Your life in a drop of blood | Dr Terry Pearson | TEDxVancouver
Published: 2015/01/08
Channel: TEDx Talks
Fly-through of UKCMRI site
Fly-through of UKCMRI site
Published: 2010/06/21
Channel: Medical Research Council
The Jennifer Aniston Neuron & Forming Memories
The Jennifer Aniston Neuron & Forming Memories
Published: 2015/07/01
Channel: University of Leicester
Celebrating 100 years of life-changing discoveries; Widdowson to Prentice and Jebb
Celebrating 100 years of life-changing discoveries; Widdowson to Prentice and Jebb
Published: 2013/12/18
Channel: Medical Research Council
Inequalities in education
Inequalities in education
Published: 2016/07/19
Channel: WatchNCB
How to find scientists in the UK to work with
How to find scientists in the UK to work with
Published: 2015/08/06
Channel: British Council Kazakhstan
UK CMRC Conference 2016 - part 6/10
UK CMRC Conference 2016 - part 6/10
Published: 2016/10/12
Channel: ActionFor M.E.
Sir John Savill Chief Executive of the Medical Research Council comments on the future
Sir John Savill Chief Executive of the Medical Research Council comments on the future
Published: 2012/12/13
Channel: MRCFuture
Launch of MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol
Launch of MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: Life Media UK
1. Doctors Don
1. Doctors Don't Get Proper Training in Nutrition
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: InterCut
Changing Patterns of Inequality in the UK
Changing Patterns of Inequality in the UK
Published: 2015/03/17
Channel: London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)
The Uk Enviroment for Stratified Medicine - Discussion session
The Uk Enviroment for Stratified Medicine - Discussion session
Published: 2016/02/29
Channel: Wellcome Genome Campus Courses and Conferences
Homeopathy - Debunked
Homeopathy - Debunked
Published: 2017/08/31
Channel: Rationality Rules
Understanding a brand - The Medical Research Council South Africa
Understanding a brand - The Medical Research Council South Africa
Published: 2014/02/13
Channel: The Medical Research Council South Africa
Edinburgh Contributes to the UK Dementia Platform
Edinburgh Contributes to the UK Dementia Platform
Published: 2014/06/19
Channel: ccacevideo
Dr Emma Thomson interviewed about the first UK ebola patient
Dr Emma Thomson interviewed about the first UK ebola patient
Published: 2014/08/27
Channel: Medical Research Council - University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research
Is Excellent Better Than Best? League Tables in Higher Education, British Academy
Is Excellent Better Than Best? League Tables in Higher Education, British Academy
Published: 2013/02/07
Channel: British Academy
Where do we breed research macaques?
Where do we breed research macaques?
Published: 2014/01/23
Channel: Medical Research Council
UK scientists on factfinding mission
UK scientists on factfinding mission
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
New tests in UK Biobank trial  Health
New tests in UK Biobank trial Health
Published: 2014/05/02
Channel: Kortel
He Came From India To be a Medical Researcher
He Came From India To be a Medical Researcher
Published: 2015/03/17
Channel: LabTV
Keith Chantler, TrusTECH, Daresbury SIC
Keith Chantler, TrusTECH, Daresbury SIC
Published: 2009/12/18
Channel: DaresburySIC
Prof. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan -- decoding by the ribosome
Prof. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan -- decoding by the ribosome
Published: 2011/04/12
Channel: Technion
Who Discovered The Influenza Virus?
Who Discovered The Influenza Virus?
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: Question Box
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Study Abroad in King's College London
Published: 2014/11/22
Channel: Sushil Sukhwani
Women in science Wikipedia edit-a-thon
Women in science Wikipedia edit-a-thon
Published: 2013/07/31
Channel: Medical Research Council
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Sarcoidosis Autoimmune Disorder And Cancer Are All Connected
Published: 2014/10/29
Channel: Expose The Truth
Experiences of Research Council Members
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Published: 2014/11/20
Channel: ResearchCouncilsUK
Medical Research Council recognises Professor Eric Bateman
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Published: 2013/10/31
Channel: eNCA
Sir Venki Ramakrishnan | Full Address and Q&A | Oxford Union
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Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: OxfordUnion
MRC Festival scientists in the supermarket
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Published: 2016/06/22
Channel: Medical Research Council
Funding boost for genetic research
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Published: 2012/08/27
Channel: The University of Edinburgh
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Channel: Canadian Institutes of Health Research
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Channel: Medical Research Council
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Published: 2015/02/02
Channel: World Economic Forum
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Channel: Medical Research Council
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Published: 2015/02/04
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Model Organisms in Biomedical Research
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Stem cells -- protectors of the brain | Tamir Ben-Hur | TEDxJaffa
Published: 2014/12/08
Channel: TEDx Talks
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Medical Research Council
UK Medical Research Council Logo.jpg
Abbreviation MRC
Formation 1913
Type Non-Departmental Government Body
Purpose Co-ordinating and funding medical research in the United Kingdom
Location
  • Medical Research Council

    2nd Floor David Phillips Building
    Polaris House
    North Star Avenue Swindon
    Wiltshire

    SN2 1FL
Region served
United Kingdom
Chief Executive
Sir John Savill
chairman
Donald Brydon CBE
Main organ
MRC Council
Parent organization
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
Research Councils UK
Affiliations AHRC, BBSRC, EPSRC, ESRC, NERC, STFC, TSB, UKSA
Website mrc.ac.uk

The Medical Research Council (MRC) is a publicly funded government agency responsible for co-ordinating and funding medical research in the United Kingdom. It is one of seven Research Councils in the UK and is answerable to, although politically independent from, the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.

The MRC focuses on high-impact research and has provided the financial support and scientific expertise behind a number of medical breakthroughs, including the development of penicillin and the discovery of the structure of DNA. Research funded by the MRC has produced 30 Nobel Prize winners to date.

History[edit]

The MRC was founded as the Medical Research Committee and Advisory Council in 1913,[1] with its prime role being the distribution of medical research funds under the terms of the National Insurance Act 1911. This was a consequence of the recommendation of the Royal Commission on Tuberculosis, which recommended the creation of a permanent medical research body. The mandate was not limited to tuberculosis, however.

In 1920, it became the Medical Research Council under Royal Charter. A supplementary Charter was formally approved by the Queen on 17 July 2003. In March 1933, MRC established the first scientific published medical patrol named British Journal of Clinical Research and Educational Advanced Medicine, as a periodical publication intended to further the progress of science, usually by reporting new research. It contain articles that have been peer reviewed, in an attempt to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity, allow researchers to keep up to date with the developments of their field and direct their own research.

In August 2012, the creation of the MRC-NIHR Phenome Centre, a research centre for personalised medicine, was announced.[2][3] The MRC-NIHR National Phenome Centre is based at Imperial College London and is a combination of inherited equipment from the anti-doping facilities used to test samples during the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games.[2][3] and additional items from the Centre's technology partners Bruker and Waters Corporation. The Centre, led by Imperial College London and King's College London, is funded with two five-year grants of £5 million from the Medical Research Council and the National Institute for Health Research[2][3] and was officially opened in June 2013.[4]

Notable research[edit]

Important work carried out under MRC auspices has included:

Scientists associated with the MRC have received a total of 29 Nobel Prizes, all in either Physiology or Medicine or Chemistry[17]

Organisation and leadership[edit]

The MRC is one of seven Research Councils[18] and since 6 June 2009 has been answerable to, although politically independent from, the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.[19] In the past, the MRC has been answerable to the Office of Science and Innovation, part of the Department of Trade and Industry.

The MRC is governed by a council of 14 members, which convenes every two months. Its Council, which directs and oversees corporate policy and science strategy, ensures that the MRC is effectively managed, and makes policy and spending decisions. Council members are drawn from industry, academia, government and the NHS. Members are appointed by the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills. Daily management is in the hands of the Chief Executive. Members of the council also chair specialist boards on specific areas of research. For specific subjects, the council convenes committees.[20]

Chief Executive Officers[edit]

As Chief Executive Officers (originally secretaries) served:

MRC CEOs are normally automatically knighted.[21]

Chairmen[edit]

Institutes, centres and units[edit]

The MRC has 27 units and three institutes in the UK and one unit in each of The Gambia and Uganda.[22] It also has 26 centres offering partnerships with UK universities to develop centres of scientific excellence.[22] Three MRC-funded 'lifelong health' research centres were announced in 2008 as part of the Lifelong Health and Wellbeing programme – the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and the Economic and Social Research Council.[22]

The following is a list of the MRC's current institutes, centres and units:[22]

Aberdeen

  • MRC Centre for Medical Mycology at the University of Aberdeen (MRC CMM)

Birmingham

Brighton

Bristol

  • MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit at the University of Bristol (MRC IEU)

Cambridge

Cardiff

Dundee

Edinburgh

Entebbe

  • MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS

Fajarra

  • MRC Unit, The Gambia

Glasgow

  • MRC/Chief Scientist Office Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow (MRC/CSO SPHSU) (based at the University of Glasgow)
  • MRC Institute of Hearing Research (MRC IHR) (based at the University of Glasgow)
  • MRC/University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research (MRC-UoG CVR) (based at the University of Glasgow)

Harwell

  • MRC Mammalian Genetics Unit (MRC MGU)
  • Research Complex at Harwell (RCaH)

Leicester

Liverpool

London

Newcastle

Nottingham

Oxford

  • MRC Anatomical Neuropharmacology Unit at the University of Oxford (MRC ANU) (based at the University of Oxford)
  • MRC/Cancer Research UK/BHF Clinical Trial Service Unit & Epidemiological Studies Unit (CTSU)
  • CRUK/MRC Oxford Institute for Radiation Oncology (OIRO) (based at the University of Oxford)
  • MRC Centre for Genomics and Global Health (CGGH)
  • MRC Functional Genomics Unit at the University of Oxford (MRC FGU) (based at the University of Oxford)
  • MRC Human Immunology Unit at the University of Oxford (MRC HIU) (based at the University of Oxford)
  • MRC Molecular Haematology Unit at the University of Oxford (MRC MHU) (based at the University of Oxford)

Sheffield

Southampton

  • MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit at the University of Southampton (MRC LEU)

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Records created or inherited by the Medical Research Council". The National Archives. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "London 2012 legacy to include medical research centre". Times Higher Education. 1 August 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Legacy for anti-doping centre". BBC News. 1 August 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  4. ^ "New centre will decipher roles of nature and nurture in human health". Imperial College News and Events. Imperial College London. Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  5. ^ "Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography: Mellanby, Edward". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  6. ^ "Social History of Medicine – Uses of a Pandemic: Forging the Identities of Influenza and Virus Research in Interwar Britain" (PDF). Oxford University Press. 15 December 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  7. ^ Bud, Robert (2007). Penicillin Triumph and Tragedy. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-925406-4. 
  8. ^ Doll, R.; Peto, R.; Boreham, J.; Sutherland, I. (2005). "Mortality from cancer in relation to smoking: 50 years observations on British doctors". British Journal of Cancer. 92 (3): 426–429. PMC 2362086Freely accessible. PMID 15668706. doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6602359. 
  9. ^ Torsten, Krude; Klug, Aaron (2004). Changing Science and Society (PDF). Cambridge University Press. pp. 3–26. ISBN 0-521-82378-1. 
  10. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2003". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  11. ^ "Therapeutic Antibodies and the LMB". MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  12. ^ Centers for Disease Control (CDC) (1991). "Use of folic acid for prevention of spina bifida and other neural tube defects—1983–1991". MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report. 40 (30): 513–516. PMID 2072886. 
  13. ^ Collins, R.; Armitage, J.; Parish, S.; Sleigh, P.; Peto, R.; Heart Protection Study Collaborative Group (2003). "MRC/BHF Heart Protection Study of cholesterol-lowering with simvastatin in 5963 people with diabetes: A randomised placebo-controlled trial". Lancet. 361 (9374): 2005–2016. PMID 12814710. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(03)13636-7. 
  14. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  15. ^ Loos, R. J. F. (2009). "Recent progress in the genetics of common obesity". British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 68 (6): 811–829. PMC 2810793Freely accessible. PMID 20002076. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2125.2009.03523.x. 
  16. ^ "Press release: Doctors more than halve local relapse of rectal cancer". http://insciences.org. 6 March 2009. Retrieved 28 February 2012.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  17. ^ "Nobel Prize Winners". Medical Research Council. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  18. ^ "Governance - Research Councils UK". Research Councils UK. Retrieved 10 October 2017. 
  19. ^ "RCUK: Medical Research Council". Research Councils UK. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  20. ^ "MRC Council". Medical Research Council. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  21. ^ "Angelina Jolie made dame in thousand-strong Queen's birthday honours list". The Guardian. 13 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  22. ^ a b c d "Units, centres and institutes". Medical Research Council. Retrieved 5 November 2010. 
  23. ^ "Press release: £250 million commitment to UKCMRI". MRC National Institute for Medical Research. 26 March 2010. Retrieved 12 August 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Austoker, Joan, and Linda Bryder, eds. Historical perspectives on the role of the MRC: essays in the history of the Medical Research Council of the United Kingdom and its predecessor, the Medical Research Committee, 1913–1953 (Oxford UP, 1989)
  • Fisher D. "The Rockefeller Foundation and the Development of Scientific Medicine in Britain" Minerva (1987) 16#1, 20–41.
  • Sussex, Jon, et al. "Quantifying the economic impact of government and charity funding of medical research on private research and development funding in the United Kingdom." BMC Medicine 14#1 (2016): 1+
  • Viergever, Roderik F., and Thom CC Hendriks. "The 10 largest public and philanthropic funders of health research in the world: what they fund and how they distribute their funds." Health Research Policy and Systems 14#1 (2016): 1.

External links[edit]

Video clips[edit]

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