Play Video
1
Medical journalism
Medical journalism
::2013/12/10::
Play Video
2
Army Times medical reporter Kelly Kennedy speaks to journalism students
Army Times medical reporter Kelly Kennedy speaks to journalism students
::2009/10/07::
Play Video
3
Brad Plummer on BU
Brad Plummer on BU's Science & Medical Journalism Program
::2011/12/09::
Play Video
4
Robert Bazell on Medical Journalism
Robert Bazell on Medical Journalism
::2014/01/11::
Play Video
5
Medical journalism, marketing video production Perth Australia
Medical journalism, marketing video production Perth Australia
::2010/04/01::
Play Video
6
Otis Brawley at Health Journalism 2012
Otis Brawley at Health Journalism 2012
::2012/04/23::
Play Video
7
Dennis Quaid at Health Journalism 2008
Dennis Quaid at Health Journalism 2008
::2008/03/28::
Play Video
8
Adam Geller on Majoring in Broadcast Journalism
Adam Geller on Majoring in Broadcast Journalism
::2014/09/05::
Play Video
9
Ivan Oransky: Post-publication peer review in science
Ivan Oransky: Post-publication peer review in science
::2013/11/20::
Play Video
10
"Match Madness"
"Match Madness"
::2014/06/09::
Play Video
11
Prof. Richard Horton’s “Turning Point” Lecture
Prof. Richard Horton’s “Turning Point” Lecture
::2014/10/02::
Play Video
12
Global Journalism Fellowships
Global Journalism Fellowships
::2012/02/13::
Play Video
13
Pakistan: Journalism under fire
Pakistan: Journalism under fire
::2014/04/26::
Play Video
14
Journalist Confused About What Journalism Is
Journalist Confused About What Journalism Is
::2014/05/23::
Play Video
15
Bill O
Bill O'Reilly OUTRAGED Over Marijuana Journalism
::2013/12/10::
Play Video
16
Is Free Content Ruining Journalism?: VICE Podcast 017
Is Free Content Ruining Journalism?: VICE Podcast 017
::2013/09/27::
Play Video
17
The Murrow College Backpack Journalism Project at WSU: Hearts in Motion
The Murrow College Backpack Journalism Project at WSU: Hearts in Motion
::2012/12/18::
Play Video
18
Maggs on Media || Health Journalism & branded content
Maggs on Media || Health Journalism & branded content
::2014/07/23::
Play Video
19
How Data Journalism Drives Results in Developing Countries
How Data Journalism Drives Results in Developing Countries
::2014/10/15::
Play Video
20
Accountability Journalism: Walter Reed and Beyond
Accountability Journalism: Walter Reed and Beyond
::2013/04/13::
Play Video
21
Happy To Disturb - Journalism Institute
Happy To Disturb - Journalism Institute
::2014/09/15::
Play Video
22
Interview with MIT Physics Professor Walter Lewin
Interview with MIT Physics Professor Walter Lewin
::2008/02/29::
Play Video
23
Yellow Journalism
Yellow Journalism
::2012/12/09::
Play Video
24
Censoring journalism on the subject of
Censoring journalism on the subject of ''AIDS'
::2011/12/09::
Play Video
25
Nat Hentoff on His Life in Journalism, Social History, Civil Rights and Antiwar Movements (1997)
Nat Hentoff on His Life in Journalism, Social History, Civil Rights and Antiwar Movements (1997)
::2014/02/11::
Play Video
26
Al Jazeera
Al Jazeera's journalists get 7 years in Egypt jail
::2014/03/10::
Play Video
27
Journalism: David Marr and Gideon Haigh in conversation. Adelaide Writers
Journalism: David Marr and Gideon Haigh in conversation. Adelaide Writers' Week (Pt 2)
::2013/05/03::
Play Video
28
CAA Alumni Leaders Panel: Understanding Our Brains, Understanding Ourselves
CAA Alumni Leaders Panel: Understanding Our Brains, Understanding Ourselves
::2012/11/10::
Play Video
29
Careers in Journalism : What Are Different Aspects of Journalism?
Careers in Journalism : What Are Different Aspects of Journalism?
::2009/06/03::
Play Video
30
Career Girls: Why Girls Should Consider Broadcast Journalism- Lee Ann Kim
Career Girls: Why Girls Should Consider Broadcast Journalism- Lee Ann Kim
::2014/08/16::
Play Video
31
High Times and Tabloid Journalism with Wayne Darwen
High Times and Tabloid Journalism with Wayne Darwen
::2013/06/24::
Play Video
32
The 5-5 Journalism Code of Ethics
The 5-5 Journalism Code of Ethics
::2013/09/17::
Play Video
33
Stanford Journalism Alumni: Matt Hansen (MA
Stanford Journalism Alumni: Matt Hansen (MA '14)
::2014/07/29::
Play Video
34
uncut journalism
uncut journalism
::2014/09/01::
Play Video
35
Oscars of African Journalism Part 1
Oscars of African Journalism Part 1
::2008/07/29::
Play Video
36
Oscar
Oscar's of African Journalism Part 2
::2008/07/29::
Play Video
37
Brand journalism key to
Brand journalism key to 'successful brands, large and small'
::2012/06/08::
Play Video
38
Computation, Journalism and the Future of News - December 2013
Computation, Journalism and the Future of News - December 2013
::2014/01/09::
Play Video
39
2014 Columbia University Journalism School Graduation Ceremony
2014 Columbia University Journalism School Graduation Ceremony
::2014/05/28::
Play Video
40
Journalism at the University of Sheffield - undergraduate student profile
Journalism at the University of Sheffield - undergraduate student profile
::2011/03/03::
Play Video
41
Sigaram Thotta Pengal | Excellence in the field of Journalism
Sigaram Thotta Pengal | Excellence in the field of Journalism
::2014/04/07::
Play Video
42
John Stossel on Journalism, How He Became Libertarian & His New Book "No They Can
John Stossel on Journalism, How He Became Libertarian & His New Book "No They Can't"
::2012/05/07::
Play Video
43
Career Girls: Why Girls Should Consider a Career in Journalism- Digital Director Mary Polizzotti
Career Girls: Why Girls Should Consider a Career in Journalism- Digital Director Mary Polizzotti
::2014/07/01::
Play Video
44
Trauma in journalism: Sian Williams
Trauma in journalism: Sian Williams
::2014/04/09::
Play Video
45
Journalism Program - Curtin University - Western Independent
Journalism Program - Curtin University - Western Independent
::2011/01/28::
Play Video
46
Science journalism: the tyranny of evidence?
Science journalism: the tyranny of evidence?
::2014/05/08::
Play Video
47
MDC Journalism Speaker Series - Belkys Nerey, Emmy Award-Winning WSVN News Anchor
MDC Journalism Speaker Series - Belkys Nerey, Emmy Award-Winning WSVN News Anchor
::2011/10/12::
Play Video
48
Discovery Health- Journalism coming into a new era
Discovery Health- Journalism coming into a new era
::2014/06/10::
Play Video
49
A conversation with McCormick Foundation journalism director Clark Bell and Dean Susan King
A conversation with McCormick Foundation journalism director Clark Bell and Dean Susan King
::2013/11/18::
Play Video
50
Sports Journalism
Sports Journalism
::2009/09/24::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Men's Health magazine, published by Rodale Press

Medical journalism is the dissemination of health-related information through mainstream media outlets. Medical issues are widely reported, and these reports influence physicians, the general public, and the government. The coverage is often criticized for being misleading, inaccurate, or speculative.[1] Several web sites and journals review medical journalism. The availability of health information steadily increases every year and has led to a variety of effects in the behaviors of recipients.

Sources of Medical Journalism[edit]

Medical journalism can come from a variety of sources including:

  • Television news programs
  • Newspapers
  • Internet websites
  • Scientific journals (those that report health- and medical-related news)

Wikipedia itself is one of the major sources of health information on the internet; In fact, one study found that in a selection of health keywords, Wikipedia is listed in the first ten results in 71 to 85% cases.[2]

Accuracy[edit]

Most inaccuracies and speculations in news coverage can be attributed to several barriers between the scientific community and the general public that include lack of knowledge by reporters, lack of time to prepare a proper report, and lack of space in the publication.[1] Most news articles fail to discuss important issues such as evidence quality, costs, and risks versus benefits.[3] However, medical journalism is not only what is being commercialized and covered by news and mass media. There is also another extensive, more academic branch of medical journalism which is based on evidence. Evidence-based research is more accurate and thus it is a much more reliable source than medical news disseminated by tabloids. Medical journalism in this regard is a professional field and is often disregarded. There are also some medical journalism institutions that provide assistance to medical researchers to enable them to perform more reliable studies. Adib Vira Medical Journalism Open Institute provides services for both medical researchers and journals in order to enhance the quality of studies and journals, as well as assist researchers in performing their studies ethically and according to global medical journalism standards. A 2009 study found small improvements in some areas of medical reporting in Australia, but the overall quality remained poor, particularly in commercial human-interest television programs.[4]

More recently, the use of medical writers has become more popular as a way to produce medical literature that is clear, concise, and easier to read by the lay person.

The ICMJE, International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, is a committee that specifically deals with this kind of issue. This organization is committed to keeping medical reporting as true as possible by setting a standard known as URM, or the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts. These requirements do not only specify technical points such as bibliographical references and copyrights but also regarding ethical issues that may arise. For example, a submitter must disclose any personal or professional relationships that might even slightly have a bearing on the submitted work.

To this end, it is not uncommon for researchers to hold a press conference or interviews before publishing significant research to prevent any misconstruing of any data or methods.[5]

Conflict of interest[edit]

Between Scientists and Journalists[edit]

A large gap divides the scientific and journalist communities when it comes to deciding what is newsworthy. The ongoing nature of peer review in the scientific community makes it difficult to report interesting advances in scientific discovery. Consequently, this can create a focus on the negative aspects of medicine and science; causing journalists to report on the mistakes of doctors or misconstruing the results of research. However, journalists are not the only ones to fault as scientists have also broadcast their promising initial research to the media in attempts to secure future funding.[6] For example, research done by George Washington University in 1993 on in-vitro fertilization was warped by the media into a horrific foray into human cloning.

Due to Corporate Influence[edit]

Medical journalists also face challenges due to potential conflicts of interest. The pharmaceutical industry has sponsored journalism contests that carry large prizes in cash or in overseas trips. The Association of Health Care Journalists (AHCJ) urges journalists to consider these contests carefully before entering, and most journalists avoid them. The Center for Excellence in Health Care Journalism, the supporting 501(c)(3) for AHCJ, does not accept industry funding. The National Association of Science Writers does not accept such funding. The changing nature of news media has caused more reporters to work freelance, outside of traditional news organizations such as major metropolitan newspapers, which may have created more ways to sidestep conflict-of-interest standards, and the rise of blogs has allowed nontraditional providers of news that lack these standards entirely.[7]

There is also the effect of direct corporate investments in research funding. While appreciated by scientists, this may cause conflicts with journalists that see this as profiteering.[6]

Reviews[edit]

Sources for evaluating health-care media coverage include the review websites Behind the Headlines, Health News Review, and Media Doctor (see External links), along with specialized academic journals such as the Journal of Health Communication. Reviews can also appear in the American Journal of Public Health, the Columbia Journalism Review, Ben Goldacre's "Bad Science" column in The Guardian, and others. Health News Review has published criteria for rating news stories.[8]

Effects of Medical Journalism on the General Public[edit]

Although medical news articles often deliver public health messages effectively, they often convey wrong or misleading information about health care, partly when reporters do not know or cannot convey the results of clinical studies, and partly when they fail to supply reasonable context.[9] This can result in unrealistic expectations due to coverage of radical medical procedures and experimental technology.[1] Mass media news outlets can also create a “communications storm”to shift attention to a single health issue.[10] The lack of health knowledge in the general public creates a situation where a person can be easily swayed to a certain point of view that is cast in the manner in which information is reported. Consequently, this can create a potentially unhealthy focus on an illness that in actuality is relatively rare.

Medical journalism can also influence an individual's quality of health care. Due to the relative ease at which information can be obtained on the internet, many people will now question doctors on new medications and treatments for their conditions. In more extreme cases, people will compare their symptoms, real or imagined, to various illnesses in attempts to diagnose themselves.[11] There have been a few recent studies that have tried to explore the availability of health information as complement to health care or as a substitute yet no direct relationships have been found. This is most likely caused by a lack of knowledge or a lack of the ability in the individual to apply the health information once found resulting in seeking health care.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Larsson A, Oxman AD, Carling C, Herrin J (2003). "Medical messages in the media—barriers and solutions to improving medical journalism". Health Expect 6 (4): 323–31. doi:10.1046/j.1369-7625.2003.00228.x. PMID 15040794. 
  2. ^ Laurent, Michael R.; Vickers, Tim J. (Jul–Aug 2009). "Seeking Health Information Online: Does Wikipedia Matter?". Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: 471–479. 
  3. ^ Schwitzer G (2008). "How Do US Journalists Cover Treatments, Tests, Products, and Procedures? An Evaluation of 500 Stories". PLoS Med 5 (5): e95. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0050095. PMC 2689661. PMID 18507496. Lay summaryGuardian (2008-06-21). 
  4. ^ Wilson A, Bonevski B, Jones A, Henry D (2009). Gluud, Lise Lotte, ed. "Media Reporting of Health Interventions: Signs of Improvement, but Major Problems Persist". PLoS ONE 4 (3): e4831. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004831. PMC 2652829. PMID 19293924. 
  5. ^ "ICMJE Uniform Requirements of Manuscripts". International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  6. ^ a b Nelkin, Dorothy (June 1996). "An Uneasy Relationship: The Tensions between Medicine and the Media.". Lancet 347 (1905): 1600–1603. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(96)91081-8. 
  7. ^ Greene J (2009). "Pharma's influence on the fourth estate: health care journalists' conflicts also scrutinized". Ann Emerg Med 53 (3): 18A–20A. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2009.01.010. PMID 19244660. 
  8. ^ "How we rate stories". Health News Review. 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-26. [dead link]
  9. ^ Dentzer S (2009). "Communicating medical news—pitfalls of health care journalism". N Engl J Med 360 (1): 1–3. doi:10.1056/NEJMp0805753. PMID 19118299. 
  10. ^ Carducci, Annalaura; Simona Alfani (2011). "Mass media health information: Quantitative and qualitative analysis of daily press coverage and its relation with public perceptions". Patient Education and Counseling 82: 475–478. doi:10.1016/j.pec.2010.12.025. 
  11. ^ Suziedelyte, Agne (August 2012). "How does searching for health information on the Internet affect individuals’ demand for health care services?". Social Science & Medicine 75: 1828–1835. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.07.022. 

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014