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Medical Investigative Journalism: Why it matters?
Medical Investigative Journalism: Why it matters?
Published: 2015/11/24
Channel: FORA.tv
Medical journalism
Medical journalism
Published: 2013/12/10
Channel: TheLancetTV
Robert Bazell on Medical Journalism
Robert Bazell on Medical Journalism
Published: 2014/01/11
Channel: Speakers.com
UGA Health and Medical Journalism at Centennial Student Showcase
UGA Health and Medical Journalism at Centennial Student Showcase
Published: 2015/04/23
Channel: UGAGradyCollege
Brad Plummer on BU
Brad Plummer on BU's Science & Medical Journalism Program
Published: 2011/12/09
Channel: Boston University
Scientific Studies: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO)
Scientific Studies: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO)
Published: 2016/05/09
Channel: LastWeekTonight
Medical Journalism Project
Medical Journalism Project
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: Raaj Singh
Medical Journalism Assignment- Media
Medical Journalism Assignment- Media
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: Georgio Montana
My Path to Dermatology
My Path to Dermatology
Published: 2016/06/03
Channel: Joyce TeawithMD
How to be a medical journalist
How to be a medical journalist
Published: 2014/11/25
Channel: Aina Kay
Why to Major in Broadcast Journalism
Why to Major in Broadcast Journalism
Published: 2014/09/05
Channel: Capture Your Flag
A Medical Dialogue Chat: Journalism
A Medical Dialogue Chat: Journalism
Published: 2015/04/29
Channel: Gayatri Rathod
Medical Journalism Assignment
Medical Journalism Assignment
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Ben Coldrey
Photography, Camera & Lighting Tips : How Do I Become a Medical Photographer?
Photography, Camera & Lighting Tips : How Do I Become a Medical Photographer?
Published: 2008/10/29
Channel: expertvillage
GOFUNDME Travel (medical) & Journalism, Documentary Films $3,000
GOFUNDME Travel (medical) & Journalism, Documentary Films $3,000
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: Michael Vanderpool
Medical journalism, marketing video production Perth Australia
Medical journalism, marketing video production Perth Australia
Published: 2010/04/01
Channel: MultiMedia Makers
Platform -The Pioneer of Medical Journalism in Bangladesh
Platform -The Pioneer of Medical Journalism in Bangladesh
Published: 2015/02/13
Channel: Doc platform
MEDICAL JOURNALISM  / MEDICAL JOURNALISM T
MEDICAL JOURNALISM / MEDICAL JOURNALISM T
Published: 2016/06/21
Channel: how to learn
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Asheville & Air Pollution
Published: 2008/11/11
Channel: uncmedtv
Journalism Student Faces Breast Cancer Diagnosis
Journalism Student Faces Breast Cancer Diagnosis
Published: 2015/06/09
Channel: The Christian Broadcasting Network
"Escape artists" and the future of work in America | Carolyn Crist | TEDxUGA
"Escape artists" and the future of work in America | Carolyn Crist | TEDxUGA
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: TEDx Talks
Army Times medical reporter Kelly Kennedy speaks to journalism students
Army Times medical reporter Kelly Kennedy speaks to journalism students
Published: 2009/10/07
Channel: University of Richmond
Faith & Medicine at Mercy Health
Faith & Medicine at Mercy Health
Published: 2014/01/03
Channel: Storyteller April
Medical vocabulary: What does Journalism, Medical mean
Medical vocabulary: What does Journalism, Medical mean
Published: 2016/01/19
Channel: botcaster inc. bot
Medical vocabulary: What does Journalism mean
Medical vocabulary: What does Journalism mean
Published: 2016/01/20
Channel: botcaster inc. bot
Backstory to "HIV and Kids"
Backstory to "HIV and Kids"
Published: 2008/11/23
Channel: uncmedtv
Journalism Failure - Why Journalists Fail To Cover Science Accurately Part 2.
Journalism Failure - Why Journalists Fail To Cover Science Accurately Part 2.
Published: 2016/03/17
Channel: liamscheff
Ivan Oransky: Post-publication peer review in science
Ivan Oransky: Post-publication peer review in science
Published: 2013/11/20
Channel: karolinskainstitutet
Rosemarie Beltz Reporting Reel 2017
Rosemarie Beltz Reporting Reel 2017
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: Rosemarie Beltz
Global Journalism Fellowships
Global Journalism Fellowships
Published: 2012/02/13
Channel: Lawrence Wakdet
Praises Center For Medical Progress Misleading Planned Parenthood Videos As Investigatory Journalism
Praises Center For Medical Progress Misleading Planned Parenthood Videos As Investigatory Journalism
Published: 2016/01/21
Channel: Tao Mot Cai Moi
McCaw Medical Clinic Orion Journalism Ad
McCaw Medical Clinic Orion Journalism Ad
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: Chase Fiedler
Bad Science—Increasing Retractions Mark Misconduct
Bad Science—Increasing Retractions Mark Misconduct
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: RealClear Radio Hour
Medical vocabulary: What does Journalism, Dental mean
Medical vocabulary: What does Journalism, Dental mean
Published: 2016/01/17
Channel: botcaster inc. bot
Otis Brawley at Health Journalism 2012
Otis Brawley at Health Journalism 2012
Published: 2012/04/23
Channel: HealthJournalism
Dr. Holly Atkinson: Medical Journalist, Physician Educator
Dr. Holly Atkinson: Medical Journalist, Physician Educator
Published: 2011/10/31
Channel: EaglesTalent
New Lungs, New Life
New Lungs, New Life
Published: 2016/03/11
Channel: Sandra L. McGill
Cayman Somerville: NU Sci & Scientific Journalism | NU Talk
Cayman Somerville: NU Sci & Scientific Journalism | NU Talk
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: NEU Biology Club
Urban Air Pollution
Urban Air Pollution
Published: 2008/11/11
Channel: uncmedtv
Prof. Richard Horton’s “Turning Point” Lecture
Prof. Richard Horton’s “Turning Point” Lecture
Published: 2014/10/02
Channel: Rambam HCC
A Message from Dr. Bruce
A Message from Dr. Bruce
Published: 2010/12/08
Channel: mrchachicom
Air Pollution & the Poor
Air Pollution & the Poor
Published: 2008/11/11
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Sanjay Gupta: From the ER to the Newsroom
Sanjay Gupta: From the ER to the Newsroom
Published: 2012/07/12
Channel: The Agenda with Steve Paikin
HMJ@UGA graduate students at AHCJ Conference in Chicago, IL.
HMJ@UGA graduate students at AHCJ Conference in Chicago, IL.
Published: 2010/07/13
Channel: HMJatUGA
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Bio-curious Flashmob
Published: 2012/04/21
Channel: HMJatUGA
STIs: HIV
STIs: HIV
Published: 2008/10/31
Channel: uncmedtv
Sex and the Scientific Publisher: How Journals and Journalists Collude...
Sex and the Scientific Publisher: How Journals and Journalists Collude...
Published: 2011/12/12
Channel: rivervalleytv
Dr  Arpita Roy Award 2015
Dr Arpita Roy Award 2015
Published: 2015/06/01
Channel: TheVisionparadise
Pristem - Impact Journalism Day 2017
Pristem - Impact Journalism Day 2017
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: Sparknews TV
"Match Madness"
"Match Madness"
Published: 2014/06/09
Channel: HMJatUGA
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Men's Health magazine, published by Rodale Press

Medical journalism is the dissemination of health-related information through mainstream media outlets.[citation needed] Medical issues are widely reported, and these reports influence physicians, the general public, and the government. The coverage is often criticized for being misleading, inaccurate, or speculative.[1] Several web sites and journals review medical journalism. The availability of health information steadily increases every year and has led to a variety of effect in the behaviors of recipients.

Sources[edit]

Medical journalism can come from a variety of sources including:

  • Television news programs
  • Newspapers
  • Internet websites
  • Scientific journals (those that report health- and medical-related news)

Accuracy[edit]

Most inaccuracies and speculations in news coverage can be attributed to several barriers between the scientific community and the general public that include lack of knowledge by reporters, lack of time to prepare a proper report, and lack of space in the publication.[1] Most news articles fail to discuss important issues such as evidence quality, costs, and risks versus benefits.[2] However, medical journalism is not only what is being commercialized and covered by news and mass media. There is also another extensive, more academic branch of medical journalism which is based on evidence. Evidence-based research is more accurate and thus it is a much more reliable source than medical news disseminated by tabloids. Medical journalism in this regard is a professional field and is often disregarded. There are also some medical journalism institutions that provide assistance to medical researchers to enable them to perform more reliable studies. A 2009 study found small improvements in some areas of medical reporting in Australia, but the overall quality remained poor, particularly in commercial human-interest television programs.[3]

More recently, the use of medical writers has become more popular as a way to produce medical literature that is clear, concise, and easier to read by the lay person.

The ICMJE, International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, is a committee that specifically deals with this kind of issue. This organization is committed to keeping medical reporting as true as possible by setting a standard known as URM, or the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts. These requirements do not only specify technical points such as bibliographical references and copyrights but also regarding ethical issues that may arise. For example, a submitter must disclose any personal or professional relationships that might even slightly have a bearing on the submitted work.

To this end, it is not uncommon for researchers to hold a press conference or interviews before publishing significant research to prevent any misconstruing of any data or methods.[4]

Conflict of interest[edit]

Between scientists and journalists[edit]

A large gap divides the scientific and journalist communities when it comes to deciding what is newsworthy. The ongoing nature of peer review in the scientific community makes it difficult to report interesting advances in scientific discovery. Consequently, this can create a focus on the negative aspects of medicine and science; causing journalists to report on the mistakes of doctors or misconstruing the results of research. However, journalists are not the only ones to fault as scientists have also broadcast their promising initial research to the media in attempts to secure future funding.[5] For example, research done by George Washington University in 1993 on in-vitro fertilization was warped by the media into a horrific foray into human cloning.

Due to corporate influence[edit]

Medical journalists also face challenges due to potential conflicts of interest. The pharmaceutical industry has sponsored journalism contests that carry large prizes in cash or in overseas trips. The Association of Health Care Journalists (AHCJ) urges journalists to consider these contests carefully before entering, and most journalists avoid them. The Center for Excellence in Health Care Journalism, the supporting 501(c)(3) for AHCJ, does not accept industry funding. The National Association of Science Writers does not accept such funding. The changing nature of news media has caused more reporters to work freelance, outside of traditional news organizations such as major metropolitan newspapers, which may have created more ways to sidestep conflict-of-interest standards, and the rise of blogs has allowed nontraditional providers of news that lack these standards entirely.[6]

There is also the effect of direct corporate investments in research funding. While appreciated by scientists, this may cause conflicts with journalists that see this as profiteering.[5]

Reviews[edit]

Sources for evaluating health care media coverage include the review websites Behind the Headlines, Health News Review, and Media Doctor (see External links), along with specialized academic journals such as the Journal of Health Communication. Reviews can also appear in the American Journal of Public Health, the Columbia Journalism Review, Ben Goldacre's "Bad Science" column in The Guardian, and others. Health News Review has published criteria for rating news stories.[7]

Effects on the general public[edit]

Although medical news articles often deliver public health messages effectively, they often convey wrong or misleading information about health care, partly when reporters do not know or cannot convey the results of clinical studies, and partly when they fail to supply reasonable context.[8] This can result in unrealistic expectations due to coverage of radical medical procedures and experimental technology.[1] Mass media news outlets can also create a "communications storm" to shift attention to a single health issue.[9] The lack of health knowledge in the general public creates a situation where a person can be easily swayed to a certain point of view that is cast in the manner in which information is reported. Consequently, this can create a potentially unhealthy focus on an illness that in actuality is relatively rare.

Medical journalism can also influence an individual's quality of health care. Due to the relative ease at which information can be obtained on the internet, many people will now question doctors on new medications and treatments for their conditions. In more extreme cases, people will compare their symptoms, real or imagined, to various illnesses in attempts to diagnose themselves.[10] There have been a few recent studies that have tried to explore the availability of health information as complement to health care or as a substitute yet no direct relationships have been found. This is most likely caused by a lack of knowledge or a lack of the ability in the individual to apply the health information once found resulting in seeking health care.

Training[edit]

Only a handful of universities and institutes globally offer undergraduate, postgraduate or diploma level programs related to medical journalism. The University of Westminster, UK conducts a BA Honors in Medical Journalism.[11] In the US, Boston University via its College of Communication conducts a Science and Medical Journalism program leading to a Master's of Science Degree.[12] For those looking for an online mode of education, the James Lind Institute conducts Diploma and Advanced Diploma programs related to Scientific Writing and Medical Journalism.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Larsson A, Oxman AD, Carling C, Herrin J (2003). "Medical messages in the media—barriers and solutions to improving medical journalism". Health Expect. 6 (4): 323–31. PMID 15040794. doi:10.1046/j.1369-7625.2003.00228.x. 
  2. ^ Schwitzer G (2008). "How Do US Journalists Cover Treatments, Tests, Products, and Procedures? An Evaluation of 500 Stories". PLoS Med. 5 (5): e95. PMC 2689661Freely accessible. PMID 18507496. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0050095. Lay summaryGuardian (2008-06-21). 
  3. ^ Wilson A, Bonevski B, Jones A, Henry D (2009). Gluud, Lise Lotte, ed. "Media Reporting of Health Interventions: Signs of Improvement, but Major Problems Persist". PLoS ONE. 4 (3): e4831. PMC 2652829Freely accessible. PMID 19293924. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004831. 
  4. ^ "ICMJE Uniform Requirements of Manuscripts". International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Nelkin, Dorothy (June 1996). "An Uneasy Relationship: The Tensions between Medicine and the Media.". Lancet. 347 (1905): 1600–1603. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(96)91081-8. 
  6. ^ Greene J (2009). "Pharma's influence on the fourth estate: health care journalists' conflicts also scrutinized". Ann Emerg Med. 53 (3): 18A–20A. PMID 19244660. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2009.01.010. 
  7. ^ "How we rate stories". Health News Review. 2008. Archived from the original on January 10, 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-26. 
  8. ^ Dentzer S (2009). "Communicating medical news—pitfalls of health care journalism". N Engl J Med. 360 (1): 1–3. PMID 19118299. doi:10.1056/NEJMp0805753. 
  9. ^ Carducci, Annalaura; Simona Alfani (2011). "Mass media health information: Quantitative and qualitative analysis of daily press coverage and its relation with public perceptions". Patient Education and Counseling. 82: 475–478. doi:10.1016/j.pec.2010.12.025. 
  10. ^ Suziedelyte, Agne (August 2012). "How does searching for health information on the Internet affect individuals’ demand for health care services?". Social Science & Medicine. 75: 1828–1835. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.07.022. 
  11. ^ "University of Westminster Website". Retrieved 23 February 2015. 
  12. ^ "Boston University Website". Retrieved 23 February 2015. 
  13. ^ "James Lind Institute Website". Retrieved 23 February 2015. 

External links[edit]

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