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Melbourne Mint
Melbourne mint.jpg
General information
Architectural style Renaissance Revival
Location Melbourne, Australia
Opened 1872
Design and construction
Architect John James Clark
Ornate gates to the Royal Mint, featuring coat of arms by Walter Langcake
Detail of coat of arms

The Melbourne Mint, in Melbourne, Australia, was a branch of the British Royal Mint. It minted gold sovereigns until 1931 and half-sovereigns until 1915. In 1916 it commenced minting Commonwealth silver threepences, sixpences, shillings and florins. From 1923 it minted all pre-decimal denominations. It minted rarities such as the 1921/22 overdate threepence, 1923 half-penny and 1930 penny, as well as Australia's four commemorative florins in 1927 (Canberra), 1934/35 (Melbourne Centenary), 1951 (Federation Jubilee) and 1954 (Royal Visit). It assisted the Royal Australian Mint in Canberra in producing one cent coins from 1966 to 1968 and two cent coins in 1966.[1] From 1969 all coin production moved to the Royal Australian Mint in Canberra. It is now the home of the Royal Historical Society of Victoria, and has been leased to the private sector since 2001.

The former Royal Mint is located on the corner of William and La Trobe Streets (280-318 William Street and 387-429 La Trobe Street) and is of architectural significance as one of the most impressive 19th century government buildings in Victoria, and one of few Australian buildings in the true Renaissance revival style, and a virtual copy of the Palazzo Vidoni-Caffarelli, attributed to Raphael, in Rome (1515).

The mint was built between 1869 and 1872 to the designs of architect J.J Clark whose other notable works included the Old Treasury Building, Melbourne. It was opened 12 June 1872[2]

The colourful coat of arms placed on the front gates in mid-twentieth century were by the Melbourne woodcarver Walter Langcake. The original design, based on Queen Victoria's coat of arms, is adapted especially for a British Royal Mint branch office in colonial Victoria. The supporting animals are not crowned and a maned horse replaces the usual unicorn.

Current tenants

Melbourne Mint (from October 2012)

A private company, Melbourne Mint Pty Ltd, is situated on the ground level and level one of the Melbourne Mint building. Melbourne Mint Pty Ltd belongs to a group of Australian precious metals companies which include Australian Bullion Company (ABC), Gold Merchants International (GMI) and Universal Coin Co. It has no historical relationship to the original Royal Mint.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ Cummings, Eddie J. Renniks Australian Coin and Banknote Values. Banksmeadow: Renniks Publications. ISBN 978-09752245-5-7. 
  2. ^ "THE MELBOURNE MINT". The Argus. Melbourne. 4 October 1880. p. 6. Retrieved 8 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia. 

Coordinates: 37°48′44″S 144°57′24″E / 37.812153°S 144.956794°E / -37.812153; 144.956794


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