Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK or MSKCC) is a cancer treatment and research institution founded in 1884 as the New York Cancer Hospital. The main campus is located at 1275 York Avenue, between 67th and 68th Streets, in Manhattan New York City. MSK has long been a leader in cancer surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy and is the world's largest and oldest dedicated cancer hospital. It was the first to develop services specifically dedicated to the psychiatric aspects of cancer, to the relief of cancer pain, and to genetic counseling. As of 2013, U.S. News & World Report ranks MSK as the #2 cancer hospital in the country.
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center is composed of two intimately related institutions: Memorial Hospital for Cancer and Allied Diseases provides patient care, and Sloan Kettering Institute is focused on basic-science research.
Memorial Hospital was founded in 1884 as the New York Cancer Hospital by a group that included John Jacob Astor and his wife Charlotte; the hospital was originally located on the Upper West Side of Manhattan. The hospital was later renamed General Memorial Hospital for the Treatment of Cancer and Allied Diseases. Rose Hawthorne, daughter of author Nathaniel Hawthorne, trained here in the summer of 1896 before founding her own order, Dominican Sisters of Hawthorne.
In 1936, the hospital began its move to its present location on York Avenue when John D. Rockefeller, Jr., donated the land. In 1939, construction of Memorial Hospital was completed. The current Physician-In-Chief is José Baselga, MD, PhD.
The Sloan Kettering Institute was established in 1945 with a US$4 million gift from the foundation of Alfred P. Sloan, Jr. Half the gift was to fund construction of a 13-story research facility and the other half to provide annual operating expenses. Charles F. Kettering, vice president and director of research for General Motors Corporation, was to organize and apply modern American industrial research techniques to cancer research.
The first director was Cornelius P. Rhoads.
In addition to the Sloan grant, a public campaign to raise an additional $3–4 million was undertaken. Laurance Rockefeller, an important financier and philanthropist of the prominent Rockefeller family, became an important leader in donations and fundraising.
At the August 8, 1945, announcement about the research institute, Sloan and Kettering emphasized that the dramatic news of the atomic bomb, developed with a US$2 billion research program, was a powerful example of what can be accomplished by scientifically organized research as practiced by American industry. If as much money and talented personnel were available as the government had for the atomic bomb, they said, very rapid progress could be made in cancer research.
The Memorial Sloan Kettering Bendheim Integrative Medicine Center occupies 1425 First Avenue on the corner of East 74th Street. The former bank was built in the 1930s by Perkins and Will as architects. It was remodeled for use by Memorial Sloan-Kettering in 1997.
As of 2014, the organization officially removed the hyphen between Sloan and Kettering from its name.
Charity Watch rates Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center an "A." Heads of the charity received $1,955,000 to $2,557,000 salary/compensation from the charity. Harold Varmus, M.D. Past President/CEO, received $2,557,403 salary/compensation from the charity, which is the most money given by any charity to the head of that charity, according to Charity Watch.
MSK has long been a leader in cancer surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. It was the first to develop services specifically dedicated to the psychiatric aspects of cancer, to the relief of cancer pain, and to genetic counseling.
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center is affiliated with the Weill Cornell Medical College, the Tri-Institutional MD/PhD program and the Tri-Institutional Training Program in Chemical Biology, which include MSK as one of its three sites (along with Weill-Cornell and Rockefeller University). MSK and Weill-Cornell operate a joint graduate program in biomedical sciences, the Weill Cornell Graduate School of Medical Sciences. In 2004, Memorial Sloan Kettering also established an independent graduate school, with a PhD. program in cancer biology: the Gerstner Sloan Kettering Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences. The inaugural class was admitted in July 2006. The first graduates received their PhD degrees in 2012.
Memorial Sloan-Kettering's Human Oncology and Pathogenesis Program, based at Memorial Hospital, focuses on translational research, with the goal of bringing discoveries made in the lab to the patient at the bedside.
Another focus of research at Memorial Sloan Kettering is immunotherapy, or using the body's own immune system to fight cancer cells. In 2006, the center was one of six institutes (along with research centers at Harvard University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Johns Hopkins University, the University of Chicago, and Stanford University) selected to receive a US$20 million grant for cancer research from the Ludwig Fund, created by the American billionaire Daniel K. Ludwig. The grant, one of the largest earmarked for cancer research the hospital has ever received, will be used for immunology research.
There are 470 beds at Memorial Hospital and 24,598 patients were admitted in 2012. As well, 541,474 outpatient visits were accommodated at its Manhattan and regional facilities combined. Memorial Sloan Kettering opened a new surgical center in the summer of 2006 with 21 operating rooms. MSK’s Brooklyn Infusion Center offers a “chemo-ready” model of patient care where patients have screening performed at the Manhattan facilities and then receive chemotherapy treatment at the Brooklyn Center, saving patient’s time and providing more personalized care closer to home. The Brooklyn Infusion Center, designed by ZGF Architects LLP, opened in 2010 and was awarded a 2011 Modern Healthcare Award of Excellence.
Robin Quivers mentions on the Howard Stern show, how she got surgery at MSK, and the great care she received when she beat cancer in 2013.
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