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Merry Monarch Festival 2017 Hilo Hawaii
Merry Monarch Festival 2017 Hilo Hawaii
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: Eric 2017
Merrie Monarch Hula Festival Ho
Merrie Monarch Hula Festival Ho'olaule'a in Hilo (Apr. 16, 2017)
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: Big Island Video News
2009 Merrie Monarch Men Kahiko Winners - Ke Kai O Kahiki
2009 Merrie Monarch Men Kahiko Winners - Ke Kai O Kahiki
Published: 2009/04/20
Channel: patick808
2017-Merrie Monarch Festival Hi-lites
2017-Merrie Monarch Festival Hi-lites
Published: 2017/10/05
Channel: Merrie Monarch Festival
Merrie Monarch Festival 2017 Ho`Ike Halau O Kekuhi
Merrie Monarch Festival 2017 Ho`Ike Halau O Kekuhi
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: 0525natsu
AHA Merrie Monarch 2015 Wahine Kahiko
AHA Merrie Monarch 2015 Wahine Kahiko
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: Academy of Hawaiian Arts
Merrie Monarch 2010 Kahiko   Ke Kai O Kahiki Kane You Tube
Merrie Monarch 2010 Kahiko Ke Kai O Kahiki Kane You Tube
Published: 2015/12/03
Channel: Oratechsolve
More Than a Dance: What It Takes to be a Hula Champion
More Than a Dance: What It Takes to be a Hula Champion
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: Great Big Story
2016 Merrie Monarch Festivals Ho
2016 Merrie Monarch Festivals Ho'ike night performance
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: Noel Morata
Merrie Monarch Festival 2016 Winners
Merrie Monarch Festival 2016 Winners
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: Star-Advertiser
Merrie Monarch 2009 - Halau Hula O Hokulani - Wahine Kahiko
Merrie Monarch 2009 - Halau Hula O Hokulani - Wahine Kahiko
Published: 2009/12/03
Channel: alina885
Halau Kala
Halau Kala'akeakauikawekiu Hoike Merrie Monarch 2017
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: Charmaine Duvauchelle
2009 Merrie Monarch Women Auana Winner - Hula Halau O Kamuela
2009 Merrie Monarch Women Auana Winner - Hula Halau O Kamuela
Published: 2009/04/20
Channel: patick808
Miss Aloha 2001 Natasha Oda Merrie Monarch
Miss Aloha 2001 Natasha Oda Merrie Monarch
Published: 2007/09/05
Channel: Joshy Washy
2009 Merrie Monarch Women Kahiko Winners - Halau Na Mamo O Puuanahulu
2009 Merrie Monarch Women Kahiko Winners - Halau Na Mamo O Puuanahulu
Published: 2009/04/20
Channel: patick808
Merrie Monarch 1986   The Men Of Waimapuna   Kahiko mp4
Merrie Monarch 1986 The Men Of Waimapuna Kahiko mp4
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: oceanwaterman
AHA Merrie Monarch 2015 Kane Kahiko
AHA Merrie Monarch 2015 Kane Kahiko
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: Academy of Hawaiian Arts
Merrie Monarch 2017 Judge
Merrie Monarch 2017 Judge's Hula
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Yukari Uchio
Merrie Monarch Festival Royal Parade Highlights (Apr. 22, 2017)
Merrie Monarch Festival Royal Parade Highlights (Apr. 22, 2017)
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Big Island Video News
HAWAII
HAWAII'S MERRIE MONARCH FESTIVAL 2017 - MAILE TADEO OF HAWAII BUREAU
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: EAGLE NEWS INTERNATIONAL
Merrie Monarch Festival 2016. Hilo. Hawaii
Merrie Monarch Festival 2016. Hilo. Hawaii
Published: 2017/01/27
Channel: Annie Peyre
Merrie Monarch Festival 2010 (Opening)
Merrie Monarch Festival 2010 (Opening)
Published: 2010/11/16
Channel: Alexey Bekmuratov
The Merrie Monarch Festival 2009,  Keali
The Merrie Monarch Festival 2009, Keali'i Reichel, Kahiko (Ancient) Hula Competition, Hilo, Hawaii
Published: 2009/04/19
Channel: AlocinizaZ
Merrie Monarch - Ua Nani Ha
Merrie Monarch - Ua Nani Ha'ena I Ka ehukai
Published: 2016/05/28
Channel: CNTFam
Merrie Monarch Pickup Lines
Merrie Monarch Pickup Lines
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: pashyn
Merrie monarch festival 2015 Kane Kahiko
Merrie monarch festival 2015 Kane Kahiko
Published: 2015/04/11
Channel: Hawaiian Mama82
AHA Merrie Monarch 2015 Wahine
AHA Merrie Monarch 2015 Wahine 'Auana
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: Academy of Hawaiian Arts
1985 Merrie Monarch Festival The Ladies of Ke
1985 Merrie Monarch Festival The Ladies of Ke'ala 'O Ka Lauwa'e
Published: 2013/10/22
Channel: aloharyoji
Miss Aloha Hula 2008 - Merrie Monarch Festival 4
Miss Aloha Hula 2008 - Merrie Monarch Festival 4
Published: 2008/04/07
Channel: ryanhawaiianblogspot
Are you ready for Merrie Monarch?
Are you ready for Merrie Monarch?
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Kuʻehu Mauga
Hula Halau Olana Kahiko - 2009 Merrie Monarch
Hula Halau Olana Kahiko - 2009 Merrie Monarch
Published: 2009/05/22
Channel: patick808
2014 Merrie Monarch Festival Hoike
2014 Merrie Monarch Festival Hoike
Published: 2016/02/26
Channel: Opetasoy Nahon
Merrie Monarch 2008   Ke Kai O Kahiki   Kane Kahiko
Merrie Monarch 2008 Ke Kai O Kahiki Kane Kahiko
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: oceanwaterman
1984 Merrie Monarch Festival  Hula Halau
1984 Merrie Monarch Festival Hula Halau 'O Leina'ala
Published: 2015/01/08
Channel: aloharyoji
1984 Merrie Monarch Festival Ka Ua Kani Lehua
1984 Merrie Monarch Festival Ka Ua Kani Lehua
Published: 2015/01/10
Channel: aloharyoji
Charissa Kane Kahiko -2009 Merrie Monarch
Charissa Kane Kahiko -2009 Merrie Monarch
Published: 2009/06/17
Channel: patick808
Merrie Monarch Ho
Merrie Monarch Ho'ike 2015: Halau o Kekuhi
Published: 2015/04/09
Channel: Big Island Video News
HULA LIFE | MERRIE MONARCH FESTIVAL (MISS ALOHA HULA)
HULA LIFE | MERRIE MONARCH FESTIVAL (MISS ALOHA HULA)
Published: 2016/05/07
Channel: HULA LIFE
2015 Merrie Monarch Parade
2015 Merrie Monarch Parade
Published: 2015/04/13
Channel: Byron Matthews
Merrie Monarch Festival - Hilo - Hawaii 2016 - New-Zeland Dancers
Merrie Monarch Festival - Hilo - Hawaii 2016 - New-Zeland Dancers
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: Annie Peyre
Halau Hula Olana Auana - 2009 Merrie Monarch
Halau Hula Olana Auana - 2009 Merrie Monarch
Published: 2009/05/08
Channel: patick808
1992 Merrie Monarch Festival
1992 Merrie Monarch Festival
Published: 2017/02/11
Channel: aloharyoji
Merrie Monarch Festival 2008
Merrie Monarch Festival 2008
Published: 2010/01/18
Channel: alarmist2020
1984 Merrie Monarch Festival Ka Ua Kani Lehua
1984 Merrie Monarch Festival Ka Ua Kani Lehua
Published: 2015/01/08
Channel: aloharyoji
Merrie Monarch Royal Parade 2016
Merrie Monarch Royal Parade 2016
Published: 2016/04/03
Channel: Big Island Video News
Backstage Merrie Monarch 1994_2
Backstage Merrie Monarch 1994_2
Published: 2010/01/22
Channel: Hookani
Merrie Monarch 2014
Merrie Monarch 2014
Published: 2014/04/26
Channel: Gerald Hall
Merrie Monarch 2016 - Miss Aloha Hula 2016
Merrie Monarch 2016 - Miss Aloha Hula 2016
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: Kuʻehu Mauga
HEILANI at Merrie Monarch Festival 2014 -
HEILANI at Merrie Monarch Festival 2014 - 'Auana night & Awards - short clips
Published: 2014/04/28
Channel: heilaniproductions
A visit to Hilo and the Merrie Monarch Parade
A visit to Hilo and the Merrie Monarch Parade
Published: 2016/04/06
Channel: Travel Photo Discovery
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Merrie Monarch Festival is a week-long cultural festival that takes place annually in Hilo, Hawaii during the week after Easter. It honors King David Kalākaua, who was called the "Merrie Monarch" for his patronage of the arts and is credited with restoring many Hawaiian cultural traditions during his reign, including the hula.[1] Many hālau hula (schools), including some from the U.S. mainland[2] and some international performers,[3] attend the festival each year to participate in exhibitions and competitions. The festival has received worldwide attention and is considered the most prestigious of all hula contests.[4]

Merrie Monarch Festival 2003

History[edit]

The festival is dedicated to the memory of King David Kalākaua, the last king of the Kingdom of Hawaii, who reigned from 1874 until his death in 1891.[1] Kalākaua was “a patron of the arts, especially music and dance,” and is credited with reviving many endangered native Hawaiian traditions such as mythology, medicine, and chant.[1] He was also a strong supporter of the hula, a traditional form of dance. Many of these cultural practices "had been suppressed for many years under missionary teachings."[1] The festival is named after Kalākaua's nickname “Merrie Monarch” because he was known to always be happy, fun, and loving towards his people. The structure of the festival takes after Kalākaua’s Silver Jubilee. This was a two-week celebration of Hawaiian culture on his 50th birthday (1886) at ʻIolani Palace on the island of Oʻahu.[5]

The Merrie Monarch Festival began in 1963 when Helene Hale, then Executive Officer of Hawaii, decided to create an event to increase tourism to the Island of Hawaii.[6] The island had suffered from economic problems after the collapse of the sugar industry, and it was hoped that a festival would boost the depressed economy.[6] Along with George Naʻope and Gene Wilhelm, Hale organized the first Merrie Monarch Festival in 1964.[6] This festival “consisted of a King Kalākaua beard look–alike contest, a barbershop quartet contest, a relay race, a re–creation of King Kalākaua's coronation, and a Holoku Ball among other events.”[6]

George Naʻope was a well known Kumu Hula (teacher of Hawaiian dance) throughout the whole world. He studied hula from his great grandmother since he was three years old and established his own hula school, the George Naʻope Hula School, shortly after graduating high school. He taught hula in Japan, Guam, Australia, Germany, England, and both North and South America. His purpose in life was to preserve the Hawaiian culture, and he thought the festival was a perfect way of allowing the culture live on.[7]

By 1968, the festival had waned in popularity.[6] Dottie Thompson took over the festival as Executive Director, and transformed it into a private community organization.[6] Thompson “wanted to move the festival more toward a Hawaiian theme,” a goal that was accomplished by centering the festival events around hula.[6] In 1971 Thompson and Na’ope introduced a hula competition.[6] Nine wahine (female) hālau entered the competition in its first year, and in 1976 the festival opened the competition to kāne (male) hālau.[6]

Today, the Merrie Monarch Festival is an annual week–long event culminating in three days of prestigious hula competition.[8] It is now a non–profit organization registered with the State of Hawaii Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs.[4] Proceeds from the festival support educational scholarships, workshops, seminars, symposiums and the continuation of the event itself.[4]

The Royal Court[edit]

For the festival, a Royal Court is created to represent the King and Queen and their family. The Royal Court is coordinated by Uʻilani Peralto and Luana Kawelu. Prior to the Merrie Monarch Festival, Uʻilani and Luana search for a male and female to portray King Kalākaua and Queen Kapiʻolani. Uʻilani says, “the selection committee looks to find two individuals who exemplify maturity, humility, and pride in the Hawaiian culture.” Just like the Hālau’s who enter the competition, those who represent the royal court are carefully selected for the event. The court consists of 22 members total, typically represented by friends and family of the chosen king and queen. The rest of the royal court includes a counselor, kahu (caretaker), ladies-in-waiting, kahili bearers, chanters, and pu kane (conch shell blowers). Each person in the royal court is educated about their roles and Kalākaua’s mission. These people who make up the Royal Court represent more than just Hawaiian history, but the Hawaiian spirit that continuously flows throughout the islands.[9]

Festival activities[edit]

Dancer with ʻuliʻuli, hula kahiko competition, Merrie Monarch Festival 2003

The Merrie Monarch Festival occurs annually in the spring. It runs from Easter Sunday morning to Saturday evening.[3]

Non–competition events[edit]

The first four days of the festival consist of free, non–competition events. These include performances by local and international halau at many venues around Hilo, as well as an arts and crafts fair.[3] The Wednesday Ho'ike Night Free is exhibition very popular, and often features international hālau from other Pacific islands and Japan.[10] A final non–competition event, the Merrie Monarch Parade, takes place on Saturday morning.[3]

Hula competition[edit]

The festivities culminate in the annual competitions held at the Edith Kanakaʻole Multipurpose Stadium in Hoʻolulu Park.[3] Dancers perform individually and in groups, with seven minutes allowed for each performance.[11]

Miss Aloha Hula[edit]

Thursday night is the first competition event. Individual female dancers compete for the title of Miss Aloha Hula.[3] Dancers perform in both modern (hula ʻauana) and traditional (hula kahiko) forms of hula, as well as chant (oli).[3]

Miss Aloha Hula is hula's top solo wahine, or women's, honor.[12] Originally known as Miss Hula, the title was later changed to Miss Aloha Hula.[12] Aloha Dalire, a kumu hula and hula dancer, won the first Miss Aloha Hula under her maiden name, Aloha Wong, in 1971.[12][13]

Group hula kahiko[edit]

There are two divisions of group competition, the male (kāne) division and the female (wahine) division.[14] Friday night features hālau performing ancient style hula.[3]

Group hula ʻauana[edit]

Saturday night features hālau performing modern style hula. Awards are also announced on Saturday night.[3]

Judging criteria[edit]

During their performances hālau and individuals are judged in a variety of categories. First, there is the entrance (kaʻi).[15] During their chant (oli) and dance (hula), judges look for interpretation of the song being performed, expression of the hula, chant, or song, posture, precision, hand gestures, feet and body movement, grooming, and authenticity of costume and adornments.[15] Finally there is the exit off stage (hoʻi).[15] Performers are scored on each aspect of the performance.

Cultural impact[edit]

dancer in white dress
Solo competition 2003

Many believe that the Merrie Monarch Festival “brought about a renaissance of Hawaiian culture.”[11] The festival identifies four goals related to Hawaiian culture: “1) Perpetuating the traditional culture of the Hawaiian people; 2) Developing and augmenting a living knowledge of Hawaiian arts and crafts through workshops, demonstrations, exhibitions and performances of the highest quality and authenticity; 3) Reaching those who might not otherwise have the opportunity to participate; and, 4) Enriching the future lives of all of Hawaii's children,” and claims that through the festival “thousands of people in Hawaii and throughout the world are learning about the history and culture of Hawaii.” [4] The Merrie Monarch Festival “has received worldwide recognition for its historic and cultural significance.” [4]

Nā Hiwahiwa O Hawai'i festival, Japan[edit]

For some Hālau’s, the festival does not end after the competition is over. Those who place in the competition are then invited to attend the Nā Hiwahiwa Festival in Tokyo, Japan. This festival includes Merrie Monarch Festival and Nā Hōku Hanohano winners. This festival is a celebration of the Hawaiian dancers and singers who received award winning recognition in these competitions. Japan is one of the biggest supporters in the world of Hula and the Hawaiian Culture. Hula is a multimillion-dollar enterprise in Japan and there are over 100 hula schools all throughout Japan. For Japanese people, Hula acts as an outlet and helps them forget the stresses of their everyday lives. Japan Hula schools do not compete in the Merrie Monarch Festival, but most of the schools travel to Hilo every year to support Hula Hālaus and experience the festivities Merrie Monarch has to offer.[16]

Television coverage[edit]

The festival was first broadcast on local TV in 1981, when KITV brought the festival to homes across Hawaii. Coverage began as taped and edited highlight segments and eventually went live.[17] KITV broadcast the festival for 29 years; in 2009, Luana Kawelu, who had recently taken over the job of president of the Merrie Monarch Festival, signed a deal with competitor KFVE to broadcast the festival in 2010 and beyond.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "King David Kalākaua". Merrie Monarch Festival official site. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "Hālau and Kumu Hula - 2012". Merrie Monarch Festival official site. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "2012 Festival Events". Merrie Monarch Festival official site. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "The Merrie Monarch Festival". Merrie Monarch Festival official site. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  5. ^ "History of the Merrie Monarch Festival | Merrie Monarch". www.merriemonarch.com. Retrieved 2016-04-28. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "History of the Merrie Monarch Festival". Merrie Monarch Festival official site. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  7. ^ "George Na'ope – Masters of Traditional Arts". www.mastersoftraditionalarts.org. Retrieved 2016-04-28. 
  8. ^ "Merrie Monarch Festival". Hawaii Tribune Herald. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  9. ^ "Royal Court will make appearances throughout Merrie Monarch Festival". West Hawaii Today. Retrieved 2016-04-28. 
  10. ^ Sur, Peter. "Ho‘ike dazzles crowd and wows". Hawaii Tribune Herald. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  11. ^ a b Dudley, Malika. "History of the Merrie Monarch". KFVE: The Home Team. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c Burnett, John (2014-08-07). "Kumu hula Aloha Dalire, first Miss Hula, dies at 64". West Hawaii Today. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  13. ^ Wu, Nina (2014-08-06). "Aloha Dalire, first Miss Aloha Hula, dies at age 64". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  14. ^ "Merrie Monarch Festival 2013 Schedule of Events". KFVE: The Home Team. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c Collier, Ed. "Merrie Monarch: Judging Criteria". KFVE: The Home Team. Retrieved 23 October 2012. 
  16. ^ "イベント概要 | Nahiwa2016". Nahiwa2016. Retrieved 2016-04-28. 
  17. ^ Andrew Gomes (1998-05-03). "Merrie Monarch Festival shuns a bigger budget". Retrieved 2015-09-28. 
  18. ^ "Merrie Monarch telecast moves to KFVE in 2010". Honolulu Advertiser. 2009-10-01. Retrieved 2015-09-28. 

External links[edit]

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