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SKELETAL SYSTEM ANATOMY: Bones of the ankle, foot and toes
SKELETAL SYSTEM ANATOMY: Bones of the ankle, foot and toes
Published: 2013/02/21
Channel: Samuel Chen
Metatarsal Stress Fracture*
Metatarsal Stress Fracture*
Published: 2010/06/27
Channel: SanLuisPodiatry
Metatarsalgia Foot Pain Causes, Symptoms, & Treatments
Metatarsalgia Foot Pain Causes, Symptoms, & Treatments
Published: 2011/06/22
Channel: HeelThatPain
TARSALS 7, METATARSALS 5,PHALANGES 5
TARSALS 7, METATARSALS 5,PHALANGES 5
Published: 2009/06/23
Channel: adrianasunshine99
Metatarsal Fractures
Metatarsal Fractures
Published: 2013/06/26
Channel: Scott Kilberg
Distal Metatarsal Joint Mobilization
Distal Metatarsal Joint Mobilization
Published: 2009/12/05
Channel: tsudpt11
How to Place Metatarsal Pads
How to Place Metatarsal Pads
Published: 2012/01/03
Channel: Technesoma
Jones Fracture of the 5th Metatarsal *Complete Treatment Guide*
Jones Fracture of the 5th Metatarsal *Complete Treatment Guide*
Published: 2017/07/08
Channel: Michigan Foot Doctors
How to relief ball of foot pain? Metatarsalgia Relief/ Chinese Therapy
How to relief ball of foot pain? Metatarsalgia Relief/ Chinese Therapy
Published: 2016/06/01
Channel: CHINESE THERAPY
Dr. Patrick DeHeer, DPM - 3rd Metatarsal Osteotomy
Dr. Patrick DeHeer, DPM - 3rd Metatarsal Osteotomy
Published: 2009/05/28
Channel: Patrick DeHeer
Rehabilitation of a Metatarsal Fracture
Rehabilitation of a Metatarsal Fracture
Published: 2010/10/05
Channel: www.sportsinjuryclinic.net
Fracture of the Fifth Metatarsal
Fracture of the Fifth Metatarsal
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: BestFootDoc
Stress Fracture Self Diagnosis for Runners by San Francisco Running Podiatrist.m4v
Stress Fracture Self Diagnosis for Runners by San Francisco Running Podiatrist.m4v
Published: 2010/07/06
Channel: sanfranciscopodiatry
Intermetatarsal Neuroma: Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Intermetatarsal Neuroma: Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Published: 2015/04/09
Channel: SLO Motion Shoes
5th Metatarsal Bone Infection
5th Metatarsal Bone Infection
Published: 2014/04/23
Channel: Donald Pelto
Metatarsal Fracture Repair with Arthrex® Jones Screw
Metatarsal Fracture Repair with Arthrex® Jones Screw
Published: 2016/05/09
Channel: OrthoIllustrated
Proximal Fifth Metatarsal Fractures - Everything You Need To Know - Dr. Nabil Ebraheim
Proximal Fifth Metatarsal Fractures - Everything You Need To Know - Dr. Nabil Ebraheim
Published: 2011/11/18
Channel: nabil ebraheim
Metatarsal Fracture Repair with Arthrex® Hook Plate
Metatarsal Fracture Repair with Arthrex® Hook Plate
Published: 2016/05/09
Channel: OrthoIllustrated
Metatarsal Stress Fractures - How to Diagnose Yourself
Metatarsal Stress Fractures - How to Diagnose Yourself
Published: 2014/05/06
Channel: Foot & Ankle Center of Washington
Foot Fractures Fifth Metatarsal —Talking with Docs
Foot Fractures Fifth Metatarsal —Talking with Docs
Published: 2016/07/11
Channel: Talking With Docs
Cuboid & Tuberosity of the 5th Metatarsal, Foot, Palpation
Cuboid & Tuberosity of the 5th Metatarsal, Foot, Palpation
Published: 2014/07/18
Channel: Chee-Wee Tan
Metatarsal Fracture
Metatarsal Fracture
Published: 2012/12/03
Channel: OACMorthopedics
KT TAPE 5th Metatarsal Head
KT TAPE 5th Metatarsal Head
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: ergasia PT
Metacarpal & Metatarsal bones by dr khaled shoghy
Metacarpal & Metatarsal bones by dr khaled shoghy
Published: 2015/10/25
Channel: Dr. khaled shoghy
Jones Fracture [5th Metatarsal Fracture]
Jones Fracture [5th Metatarsal Fracture]
Published: 2014/07/23
Channel: Ashish Shah MD foot & Ankle Orthopedics
5th Metatarsal Fractures
5th Metatarsal Fractures
Published: 2014/05/25
Channel: Anna Pickens
Metatarsal Mobilization
Metatarsal Mobilization
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: Academy of Clinical Massage
Metatarsal Pin Removal
Metatarsal Pin Removal
Published: 2013/05/30
Channel: Austen Jenius
1st metatarsal-cuneiform mobilization for great toe extensio
1st metatarsal-cuneiform mobilization for great toe extensio
Published: 2012/06/25
Channel: Bill Hartman
Tarsal Bones Song
Tarsal Bones Song
Published: 2013/07/16
Channel: learnthroughsong
Fracture Fifth Metatarsal Bone of Foot
Fracture Fifth Metatarsal Bone of Foot
Published: 2014/07/26
Channel: Dr Praveen Choudhary
Tips for Recovering from a Fifth Metatarsal Fracture
Tips for Recovering from a Fifth Metatarsal Fracture
Published: 2014/11/06
Channel: Danielle M.
Bones of the Foot
Bones of the Foot
Published: 2015/05/09
Channel: Ahmad Jabar
Tarsals, Metatarsals & Phalanges
Tarsals, Metatarsals & Phalanges
Published: 2014/12/16
Channel: Kathleen Alsup
Fifth Metatarsal Fracture Surgery -- Live using Go Pro
Fifth Metatarsal Fracture Surgery -- Live using Go Pro
Published: 2017/07/07
Channel: BestFootDoc
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Published: 2015/11/06
Channel: BestFootDoc
Surgical Repair of a Jones Fracture
Surgical Repair of a Jones Fracture
Published: 2016/03/15
Channel: Sadikatul Bari Sadik
Metatarsal Stress Fracture Rehab Exercises & Return to Running [Ep33]
Metatarsal Stress Fracture Rehab Exercises & Return to Running [Ep33]
Published: 2016/03/11
Channel: James Dunne
How Long Does It Take For A Broken Metatarsal Bone To Heal?
How Long Does It Take For A Broken Metatarsal Bone To Heal?
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Cash for Question
FIFTH METATARSAL SELF HEALING
FIFTH METATARSAL SELF HEALING
Published: 2012/09/15
Channel: Douglas Hancock
1st metatarsal-phalangel joint fusion procedure
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Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: Patrick Barnes
Metatarsal Fractures | Complete Anatomy
Metatarsal Fractures | Complete Anatomy
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: 3D4Medical
5th metatarsal examination
5th metatarsal examination
Published: 2013/05/01
Channel: Symptify
Where Is The Metatarsal Bone?
Where Is The Metatarsal Bone?
Published: 2017/10/09
Channel: Bet My Bet
Hammertoe repair and removal of prominent metatarsal head
Hammertoe repair and removal of prominent metatarsal head
Published: 2015/12/27
Channel: Timonium Foot and Ankle Center
2nd metatarsal stress fracture
2nd metatarsal stress fracture
Published: 2014/10/27
Channel: Simon Bartold
Physical Therapy Treatments : How to Treat Metatarsalgia
Physical Therapy Treatments : How to Treat Metatarsalgia
Published: 2010/06/25
Channel: ehowhealth
4th Metatarsal Fracture,  Day 6-14
4th Metatarsal Fracture, Day 6-14
Published: 2011/08/29
Channel: Block Therapy™ Whole Healing for Body, Mind and Spirit
Capsulitis (Inflammation of Second Metatarsal) -- Information, Treatment Options
Capsulitis (Inflammation of Second Metatarsal) -- Information, Treatment Options
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: BestFootDoc
How Long Does It Take For The Fifth Metatarsal Bone To Heal?
How Long Does It Take For The Fifth Metatarsal Bone To Heal?
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: SS Wealthy Health
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Metatarsal bones
Metatarsal bones01 - superior view.png
Skeleton of foot. Superior view. Metatarsals shown in green.
Gray291 - Mratatarsus.png
Skeleton of left foot. Lateral aspect. Metatarsals shown in purple.
Details
Identifiers
Latin Metatarsus
ossa metatarsalia
MeSH A01.378.610.250.300.480
TA A02.5.17.001
FMA 24492
Anatomical terms of bone

The metatarsal bones, or metatarsus are a group of five long bones in the foot, located between the tarsal bones of the hind- and mid-foot and the phalanges of the toes. Lacking individual names, the metatarsal bones are numbered from the medial side (the side of the great toe): the first, second, third, fourth, and fifth metatarsal (often depicted with Roman numerals). The metatarsals are analogous to the metacarpal bones of the hand. The lengths of the metatarsal bones in humans are, in descending order: second, third, fourth, fifth and first.[1]

Structure[edit]

The five metatarsals are dorsally convex long bones consisting of a shaft or body, a base (proximally), and a head (distally).[2] The body is prismoid in form, tapers gradually from the tarsal to the phalangeal extremity, and is curved longitudinally, so as to be concave below, slightly convex above. The base or posterior extremity is wedge-shaped, articulating proximally with the tarsal bones, and by its sides with the contiguous metatarsal bones: its dorsal and plantar surfaces are rough for the attachment of ligaments. The head or distal extremity presents a convex articular surface, oblong from above downward, and extending farther backward below than above. Its sides are flattened, and on each is a depression, surmounted by a tubercle, for ligamentous attachment. Its plantar surface is grooved antero-posteriorly for the passage of the flexor tendons, and marked on either side by an articular eminence continuous with the terminal articular surface.[3]

During growth, the growth plates are located distally on the metatarsals, except on the first metatarsal where it is located proximally. Yet it is quite common to have an accessory growth plate on the distal first metatarsal.[4]

Articulations[edit]

Bones of the right foot. Dorsal surface. Metatarsus shown in yellow. (latin terminology)

The base of each metatarsal bone articulates with one or more of the tarsal bones at the tarsometatarsal joints, and the head with one of the first row of phalanges at the metatarsophalangeal joints. Their bases also articulate with each other at the intermetatarsal joints

Muscle attachments[edit]

Muscle attachments (seen from above)
Muscle attachments (seen from below)
Muscle Direction Attachment[6]
Tibialis anterior Insertion Basis of first metatarsal
Peroneous tertius Insertion Dorsal side basis of fifth metatarsal
Peroneous longus Insertion Tuberosity of first metatarsal
Peroneous brevis Insertion Tuberosity of fifth metatarsal
Horizontal head of adductor hallucis Origin Deep transverse metatarsal ligament
Flexor digiti minimi brevis Origin Basis of fifth metatarsal
Plantar interossei Origin Medial side of third, fourth and fifth metatarsal
Dorsal interossei Origin First to fifth metatarsal

Clinical significance[edit]

Injuries[edit]

Fracture of the base of the 5th metatarsal

The metatarsal bones are often broken by association football players. These and other recent cases have been attributed to the lightweight design of modern football boots, which provide less protection to the foot. In 2010 some soccer players began testing a new sock that incorporated a rubber silicone pad over the foot to provide protection to the top of the foot.[7]Stress fractures are thought to account for 16% of injuries related to sports participation, and the metatarsals are the bones most often involved. These fractures are sometimes called march fractures, based on their traditional association with military recruits after long marches. The second and third metatarsals are fixed while walking, thus these metatarsals are common sites of injury. The fifth metatarsal may be fractured if the foot is oversupinated during locomotion.[8]

Protection from injuries can be given by the use of safety footwear which can use built-in or removable metatarsal guards.

Additional images[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bojsen-Møller, Finn; Simonsen, Erik B.; Tranum-Jensen, Jørgen (2001). Bevægeapparatets anatomi [Anatomy of the Locomotive Apparatus] (in Danish) (12th ed.). p. 246. ISBN 978-87-628-0307-7. 
  2. ^ Platzer 2004, p. 220
  3. ^ Gray's 1918, 6d. 2. The Metatarsus
  4. ^ Mathis, SK; Frame, BA; Smith, CE (1989). "Distal first metatarsal epiphysis. A common pediatric variant". Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association. 79 (8): 375–79. doi:10.7547/87507315-79-8-375. ISSN 8750-7315. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Platzer 2004, p. 218
  6. ^ Bojsen-Møller, Finn; Simonsen, Erik B.; Tranum-Jensen, Jørgen (2001). Bevægeapparatets anatomi [Anatomy of the Locomotive Apparatus] (in Danish) (12th ed.). pp. 364–67. ISBN 978-87-628-0307-7. 
  7. ^ Bill, Mills (11 December 2010). "Sock boffs may have cured metatarsal woes for Rooney and Co". www.mirrorfootball.co.uk. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  8. ^ Perron, Andrew D. (2005-11-23). "Metatarsal Stress Fracture". Retrieved 2007-09-13. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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