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Meccano model of Liebherr tracked excavator by Michel Breal
Meccano model of Liebherr tracked excavator by Michel Breal
Published: 2015/07/05
Channel: Greg Webb
Meccano Bucket Wheel Excavator by Michel Breal
Meccano Bucket Wheel Excavator by Michel Breal
Published: 2010/07/04
Channel: Greg Webb
1ος αγώνας δρόμου 10km, προς τιμή του Michel Breal
1ος αγώνας δρόμου 10km, προς τιμή του Michel Breal
Published: 2015/09/14
Channel: Giannis Argiropoulos
L
L'enseignement et l'éthique de nos Rois
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: SACR TV
B-Real, Coolio, Method Man, LL Cool J And Busta Rhymes - Hit Em High (The Monstars
B-Real, Coolio, Method Man, LL Cool J And Busta Rhymes - Hit Em High (The Monstars' Anthem)
Published: 2009/11/23
Channel: ShadyGizzy
Amazing Break Dance 2014 (Global Competition)
Amazing Break Dance 2014 (Global Competition)
Published: 2014/02/20
Channel: Kingdom Of 3 friends
Jamie Michelle - The Smokebox | BREALTV
Jamie Michelle - The Smokebox | BREALTV
Published: 2015/09/30
Channel: BREALTV
Michelle Rodriguez - The Smokebox | BREALTV
Michelle Rodriguez - The Smokebox | BREALTV
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: BREALTV
Jacques Brel - Ne Me Quitte Pas
Jacques Brel - Ne Me Quitte Pas
Published: 2008/01/06
Channel: MiyuriLunyLove
2 octobre 2008 - Bernard Pivot, Jean d
2 octobre 2008 - Bernard Pivot, Jean d'Ormesson, François Bégaudeau, Laure Adler
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: La Grande Librairie
Pourquoi la longueur du marathon est de 42,195km?
Pourquoi la longueur du marathon est de 42,195km?
Published: 2016/08/21
Channel: Le Huffington Post
36th ECIEC, June 2, 2017, Morning Session
36th ECIEC, June 2, 2017, Morning Session
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: Cornell Linguistics
LA BIBLE AVANT LA BIBLE
LA BIBLE AVANT LA BIBLE
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: Topi - Le Top Inambour
Τo Κύπελλο του Σπύρου Λούη / Spyros Louis
Τo Κύπελλο του Σπύρου Λούη / Spyros Louis's Cup
Published: 2012/09/24
Channel: Acropolis Museum - Μουσείο Ακρόπολης
Breal em Michel Telo
Breal em Michel Telo
Published: 2012/06/10
Channel: Nathan Matias
A lift for lignite
A lift for lignite
Published: 2013/03/26
Channel: SandvikMining1
Spyros Louis
Spyros Louis's Cup -- a short film
Published: 2012/09/12
Channel: Stavros Niarchos Foundation
Monsieur William   -   Ferré/Caussimon
Monsieur William - Ferré/Caussimon
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: Duplenne
SkegEx Meccano Show 2013 - Agriculture and Industry
SkegEx Meccano Show 2013 - Agriculture and Industry
Published: 2013/11/11
Channel: London Meccano Club
Daz Dillinger - The Smokebox
Daz Dillinger - The Smokebox
Published: 2014/09/16
Channel: BREALTV
Snoop Dogg talks Tupac, Deathrow & DPG | The Dr Greenthumb Show
Snoop Dogg talks Tupac, Deathrow & DPG | The Dr Greenthumb Show
Published: 2013/11/09
Channel: BREALTV
Rando VTT de Bréal sous Montfort  28 09 2014
Rando VTT de Bréal sous Montfort 28 09 2014
Published: 2014/10/03
Channel: michel de Romillé
Smokebox BTS -  Daz Dillinger | BREALTV
Smokebox BTS - Daz Dillinger | BREALTV
Published: 2017/11/10
Channel: BREALTV
2011 SPEA FIM Trial World Championship - Bréal sous Montfort (FRA)
2011 SPEA FIM Trial World Championship - Bréal sous Montfort (FRA)
Published: 2011/05/27
Channel: tvfim
Asian Celebrity Run in Singapore of Asia
Asian Celebrity Run in Singapore of Asia
Published: 2014/07/07
Channel: epSos.de
Entrainement à Bréal sous montfort 2013
Entrainement à Bréal sous montfort 2013
Published: 2014/03/11
Channel: defourny nicolas
راه شاهنامه
راه شاهنامه
Published: 2014/05/15
Channel: BonyadNeyshaboor
Rando VTT de Bréal sous Montfort  27 septembre 2015
Rando VTT de Bréal sous Montfort 27 septembre 2015
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: michel de Romillé
Michael Rapaport Witnessed Pac & Snoop Meet!
Michael Rapaport Witnessed Pac & Snoop Meet!
Published: 2015/06/16
Channel: westfesttv
Κύπελλο Σπύρος Λούης
Κύπελλο Σπύρος Λούης
Published: 2012/12/18
Channel: M.app
Meccano 1963 Foden Quarry Truck
Meccano 1963 Foden Quarry Truck
Published: 2009/09/07
Channel: Greg Webb
Mine Fleet
Mine Fleet
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: Julver Gorveña
راه شاهنامه
راه شاهنامه
Published: 2014/01/15
Channel: راه شاهنامه
Daz Dillinger - Once Upon A Rhyme
Daz Dillinger - Once Upon A Rhyme
Published: 2014/10/22
Channel: BREALTV
championnat du monde de trial breal
championnat du monde de trial breal
Published: 2011/05/25
Channel: Louis Legois
Patrice Bréal pour PSL Group
Patrice Bréal pour PSL Group
Published: 2012/04/24
Channel: lagentconseil
Meccano crane by Richard Payn
Meccano crane by Richard Payn
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: Greg Webb
Bucket wheel excavator - Nz
Bucket wheel excavator - Nz
Published: 2012/08/24
Channel: Simex112
Le Cri du cormoran le soir au-dessus des jonques de Michel Audiard (1970) #MrCinéma 96
Le Cri du cormoran le soir au-dessus des jonques de Michel Audiard (1970) #MrCinéma 96
Published: 2015/09/27
Channel: Cinémannonce
B REAL B FUNNY ROAST COMEDIAN  INSANE WAYNE
B REAL B FUNNY ROAST COMEDIAN INSANE WAYNE
Published: 2016/05/11
Channel: BREALBFUNNY
Watt
Watt's Rotative beam Engine Meccano model
Published: 2011/04/11
Channel: MaldonMeccano
Bucket wheel excavator
Bucket wheel excavator
Published: 2016/04/20
Channel: Grey River Gold Dredge
SkegEx Meccano Show 2010 - Agriculture and Industry
SkegEx Meccano Show 2010 - Agriculture and Industry
Published: 2010/09/01
Channel: London Meccano Club
SELMEC Meccano Exhibition 2009
SELMEC Meccano Exhibition 2009
Published: 2011/01/19
Channel: London Meccano Club
DMPP #4   Les pouvoirs du direct
DMPP #4 Les pouvoirs du direct
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Des Médias Presque Parfaits #DMPP
La cryptozoologie
La cryptozoologie
Published: 2016/12/24
Channel: La Lucarne et la Nuit
Meccano Skegex 2015 Sunday
Meccano Skegex 2015 Sunday
Published: 2015/07/05
Channel: Malcolm Hanson
Bucket Wheel Excavator
Bucket Wheel Excavator
Published: 2016/03/26
Channel: RS 1990
Bucket wheel excavator .
Bucket wheel excavator .
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: MUST KNOW?
Meccano Moa 1873 Steam-powered crane by Peter Goddard
Meccano Moa 1873 Steam-powered crane by Peter Goddard
Published: 2009/11/25
Channel: Greg Webb
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Michel Bréal
Breal1.jpg
Michel Bréal
Born (1832-03-26)26 March 1832
Landau, Kingdom of Bavaria
Died 25 November 1915(1915-11-25) (aged 83)
Paris, France
Main interests
Semantics

Michel Jules Alfred Bréal (French: [bʁeal]; 26 March 1832 – 25 November 1915), French philologist, was born at Landau in Rhenish Bavaria. He is often identified as a founder of modern semantics.

Life and career[edit]

After studying at Wissembourg, Metz and Paris, he entered the École Normale Supérieure in 1852. In 1857 he went to Berlin, where he studied Sanskrit under Franz Bopp and Albrecht Weber. On his return to France he obtained an appointment in the department of oriental manuscripts at the Bibliothèque Impériale. In 1864 he became professor of comparative grammar at the Collège de France, in 1875 member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-lettres, in 1879 inspecteur général for higher education until the abolition of the office in 1888. In 1890 he was made commander of the Legion of Honour.[1] He resigned his chair in 1905, and died in Paris.[2]

Works[edit]

Among his works, which deal mainly with mythological and philological subjects, may be mentioned:

  • L' Etude des origines de la religion Zoroastrienne (1862), for which a prize was awarded him by the Académie des Inscriptions
  • Hercule et Cacus (1863), in which he disputes the principles of the symbolic school in the interpretation of myths
  • Le Mythe d'œdipe (1864)
  • Les Tables Eugubines (1875)
  • Mélanges de mythologie et de linguistique (2nd. ed., 1882)
  • Leçons de mots (1882, 1886)
  • Dictionnaire étymologique Latin (1885)
  • Grammaire latine (1890).
  • Essai de Sémantique (1897), on the signification of words, which was translated into English by Mrs H. Cust with preface by J. P. Postgate.
  • a translation of Bopp's Comparative Grammar (1866–1874), with introductions, which is highly valued.

He also wrote pamphlets on education in France, the teaching of ancient languages, and the reform of French orthography. In 1906 he published Pour mieux connaitre Homère.[1]

Michel Bréal can also be credited with the invention of the marathon race. He made the suggestion to put this event on the programme of the first modern Olympics in Athens in 1896 to his friend Pierre de Coubertin. The event was to commemorate the Greek soldier Pheidippides who, according to several legends, ran from the Battle of Marathon to either Athens or Sparta.

  • Hans W. Giessen, Heinz-Helmut Lüger, Günther Volz (Hrsg.): Michel Bréal – Grenzüberschreitende Signaturen. Verlag Empirische Pädagogik, Landau 2007 ISBN 3-9373-3363-0
  • Hans W. Giessen & Heinz-Helmut Lüger: Ein Grenzgänger der ersten Stunde. Michel Bréal: Vom Marathon zum Pynx in: Dokumente. Zs. für den deutsch-französischen Dialog. Gesellschaft für übernationale Zusammenarbeit, Bonn. Heft 4 / 2008, pp. 59 – 62 ISSN 0012-5172
  • Hans W. Giessen: Mythos Marathon. Von Herodot über Bréal bis zur Gegenwart. (= Landauer Schriften zur Kommunikations- und Kulturwissenschaft. Band 17). Verlag Empirische Pädagogik, Landau 2010, ISBN 978-3-941320-46-8.
  • Heinz-Helmut Lüger (dir.), Hans W. Giessen (dir.) et Bernard Weigel (dir.), Entre la France et l'Allemagne : Michel Bréal, intellectuel engagé, Limoges, Lambert-Lucas, 2012 (ISBN 978-2-35935-043-2)
  • Brigitte Nerlich: Michel Bréal: mettre l’homme dans la langue. In: Penser l’histoire des savoirs linguistiques. Hommage à Sylvain Auroux. Textes réunis par Sylvie Archaimbault Jean-Marie Fournier & Valérie Raby, 611-619. Lyon: ENS, 2013. (ISBN 978-2-84788-417-3).
  • Jan Noordegraaf: Salient scholars. Michel Bréal and his Dutch connections. In: Penser l’histoire des savoirs linguistiques. Hommage à Sylvain Auroux. Textes réunis par Sylvie Archaimbault Jean-Marie Fournier & Valérie Raby, 621-632. Lyon: ENS, 2013. (ISBN 978-2-84788-417-3). http://hdl.handle.net/1871/51333

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bréal, Michel Jules Alfred". Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 481. 
  2. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Bréal, Michel Jules Alfred". Encyclopædia Britannica. 30 (12th ed.). London & New York. p. 494. 

External links[edit]

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