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Meccano model of Liebherr tracked excavator by Michel Breal
Meccano model of Liebherr tracked excavator by Michel Breal
Published: 2015/07/05
Channel: Greg Webb
Meccano Bucket Wheel Excavator by Michel Breal
Meccano Bucket Wheel Excavator by Michel Breal
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1ος αγώνας δρόμου 10km, προς τιμή του Michel Breal
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Jamie Michelle - The Smokebox | BREALTV
Jamie Michelle - The Smokebox | BREALTV
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Channel: BREALTV
Michelle Rodriguez - The Smokebox | BREALTV
Michelle Rodriguez - The Smokebox | BREALTV
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Jacques Brel - Ne Me Quitte Pas
Jacques Brel - Ne Me Quitte Pas
Published: 2008/01/06
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Smokebox BTS -  Daz Dillinger | BREALTV
Smokebox BTS - Daz Dillinger | BREALTV
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Daz Dillinger - The Smokebox
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Apostrophes: Georges Dumézil répond à Bernard Pivot | Archive INA
Apostrophes: Georges Dumézil répond à Bernard Pivot | Archive INA
Published: 2014/05/06
Channel: Ina Talk Shows
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Snoop Dogg talks Tupac, Deathrow & DPG | The Dr Greenthumb Show
Published: 2013/11/09
Channel: BREALTV
20130929   Bréal Sous Monfort   2
20130929 Bréal Sous Monfort 2
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Channel: Olivier Michel
36th ECIEC, June 2, 2017, Morning Session
36th ECIEC, June 2, 2017, Morning Session
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: Cornell Linguistics
Bucket Wheel Excavators - Mining Machines
Bucket Wheel Excavators - Mining Machines
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Channel: Mega Machines Channel
Heavy equipment in the world - Unex KU800 Bucket wheel excavators
Heavy equipment in the world - Unex KU800 Bucket wheel excavators
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Channel: Equipment machines
Monsieur William   -   Ferré/Caussimon
Monsieur William - Ferré/Caussimon
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Channel: Duplenne
Pourquoi la longueur du marathon est de 42,195km?
Pourquoi la longueur du marathon est de 42,195km?
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Channel: Le Huffington Post
Spyros Louis
Spyros Louis's Cup -- a short film - 2014
Published: 2014/08/21
Channel: Stavros Niarchos Foundation
Spyros Louis
Spyros Louis's Cup -- a short film
Published: 2012/09/12
Channel: Stavros Niarchos Foundation
championnat du monde de trial breal
championnat du monde de trial breal
Published: 2011/05/25
Channel: Louis Legois
Rando VTT de Bréal sous Montfort  28 09 2014
Rando VTT de Bréal sous Montfort 28 09 2014
Published: 2014/10/03
Channel: michel de Romillé
Amazing Break Dance 2014 (Global Competition)
Amazing Break Dance 2014 (Global Competition)
Published: 2014/02/20
Channel: Kingdom Of 3 friends
SkegEx Meccano Show 2013 - Agriculture and Industry
SkegEx Meccano Show 2013 - Agriculture and Industry
Published: 2013/11/11
Channel: London Meccano Club
Τo Κύπελλο του Σπύρου Λούη / Spyros Louis
Τo Κύπελλο του Σπύρου Λούη / Spyros Louis's Cup
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Channel: Acropolis Museum - Μουσείο Ακρόπολης
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Rando VTT de Bréal sous Montfort  27 septembre 2015
Rando VTT de Bréal sous Montfort 27 septembre 2015
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: michel de Romillé
LA BIBLE AVANT LA BIBLE
LA BIBLE AVANT LA BIBLE
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: Topi - Le Top Inambour
2011 SPEA FIM Trial World Championship - Bréal sous Montfort (FRA)
2011 SPEA FIM Trial World Championship - Bréal sous Montfort (FRA)
Published: 2011/05/27
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Bucket wheel excavator - Nz
Bucket wheel excavator - Nz
Published: 2012/08/24
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راه شاهنامه
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Channel: BonyadNeyshaboor
20130929   Bréal Sous Monfort   3
20130929 Bréal Sous Monfort 3
Published: 2013/09/29
Channel: Olivier Michel
Daz Dillinger - Once Upon A Rhyme
Daz Dillinger - Once Upon A Rhyme
Published: 2014/10/22
Channel: BREALTV
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Published: 2012/06/10
Channel: Nathan Matias
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Published: 2014/01/15
Channel: راه شاهنامه
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2 octobre 2008 - Bernard Pivot, Jean d'Ormesson, François Bégaudeau, Laure Adler
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: La Grande Librairie
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B REAL B FUNNY ROAST COMEDIAN INSANE WAYNE
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Channel: BREALBFUNNY
How To Make a Bucket Wheel Excavator - World Amazing Technology  - top new technology
How To Make a Bucket Wheel Excavator - World Amazing Technology - top new technology
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: Top New Technology
SkegEx Meccano Show 2010 - Agriculture and Industry
SkegEx Meccano Show 2010 - Agriculture and Industry
Published: 2010/09/01
Channel: London Meccano Club
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Le Cri du cormoran le soir au-dessus des jonques de Michel Audiard (1970) #MrCinéma 96
Published: 2015/09/27
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Bucket wheel excavator
Bucket wheel excavator
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CHARLIE TRITHA MICHEL a l'angora (2em extrait)
Published: 2010/11/09
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Meccano crane by Richard Payn
Meccano crane by Richard Payn
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: Greg Webb
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Meccano car differential explained
Published: 2010/01/26
Channel: Brian Meccano Leach
TONI BOU MONDIAL TRIAL SAINT MICHEL MAURIENNE 2010
TONI BOU MONDIAL TRIAL SAINT MICHEL MAURIENNE 2010
Published: 2010/07/13
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Dockside Crane unloads Sand, Skidsteer and Wood
Dockside Crane unloads Sand, Skidsteer and Wood
Published: 2008/12/06
Channel: MrBooojangles
Commando Trad 25 avril 2015
Commando Trad 25 avril 2015
Published: 2015/04/27
Channel: La parebatte La Parebatte
SkegEx Meccano Show 2010 - Novelties
SkegEx Meccano Show 2010 - Novelties
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Channel: London Meccano Club
Bosch Rexroth solutions for Bucket Wheel Reclaimers
Bosch Rexroth solutions for Bucket Wheel Reclaimers
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Channel: Bosch Rexroth Global
Meccano model of Volvo Wheeled Loader by Bill Ayling
Meccano model of Volvo Wheeled Loader by Bill Ayling
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: Greg Webb
Meccano Skegex 2015 Sunday
Meccano Skegex 2015 Sunday
Published: 2015/07/05
Channel: Malcolm Hanson
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Michel Bréal
Breal1.jpg
Michel Bréal
Born (1832-03-26)26 March 1832
Landau, Kingdom of Bavaria
Died 25 November 1915(1915-11-25) (aged 83)
Paris, France
Main interests
Semantics

Michel Jules Alfred Bréal (French: [bʁeal]; 26 March 1832 – 25 November 1915), French philologist, was born at Landau in Rhenish Bavaria. He is often identified as a founder of modern semantics.

Life and career[edit]

After studying at Wissembourg, Metz and Paris, he entered the École Normale Supérieure in 1852. In 1857 he went to Berlin, where he studied Sanskrit under Franz Bopp and Albrecht Weber. On his return to France he obtained an appointment in the department of oriental manuscripts at the Bibliothèque Impériale. In 1864 he became professor of comparative grammar at the Collège de France, in 1875 member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-lettres, in 1879 inspecteur général for higher education until the abolition of the office in 1888. In 1890 he was made commander of the Legion of Honour.[1] He resigned his chair in 1905, and died in Paris.[2]

Works[edit]

Among his works, which deal mainly with mythological and philological subjects, may be mentioned:

  • L' Etude des origines de la religion Zoroastrienne (1862), for which a prize was awarded him by the Académie des Inscriptions
  • Hercule et Cacus (1863), in which he disputes the principles of the symbolic school in the interpretation of myths
  • Le Mythe d'œdipe (1864)
  • Les Tables Eugubines (1875)
  • Mélanges de mythologie et de linguistique (2nd. ed., 1882)
  • Leçons de mots (1882, 1886)
  • Dictionnaire étymologique Latin (1885)
  • Grammaire latine (1890).
  • Essai de Sémantique (1897), on the signification of words, which was translated into English by Mrs H. Cust with preface by J. P. Postgate.
  • a translation of Bopp's Comparative Grammar (1866–1874), with introductions, which is highly valued.

He also wrote pamphlets on education in France, the teaching of ancient languages, and the reform of French orthography. In 1906 he published Pour mieux connaitre Homère.[1]

Michel Bréal can also be credited with the invention of the marathon race. He made the suggestion to put this event on the programme of the first modern Olympics in Athens in 1896 to his friend Pierre de Coubertin. The event was to commemorate the Greek soldier Pheidippides who, according to several legends, ran from the Battle of Marathon to either Athens or Sparta.

  • Hans W. Giessen, Heinz-Helmut Lüger, Günther Volz (Hrsg.): Michel Bréal – Grenzüberschreitende Signaturen. Verlag Empirische Pädagogik, Landau 2007 ISBN 3-9373-3363-0
  • Hans W. Giessen & Heinz-Helmut Lüger: Ein Grenzgänger der ersten Stunde. Michel Bréal: Vom Marathon zum Pynx in: Dokumente. Zs. für den deutsch-französischen Dialog. Gesellschaft für übernationale Zusammenarbeit, Bonn. Heft 4 / 2008, pp. 59 – 62 ISSN 0012-5172
  • Hans W. Giessen: Mythos Marathon. Von Herodot über Bréal bis zur Gegenwart. (= Landauer Schriften zur Kommunikations- und Kulturwissenschaft. Band 17). Verlag Empirische Pädagogik, Landau 2010, ISBN 978-3-941320-46-8.
  • Heinz-Helmut Lüger (dir.), Hans W. Giessen (dir.) et Bernard Weigel (dir.), Entre la France et l'Allemagne : Michel Bréal, intellectuel engagé, Limoges, Lambert-Lucas, 2012 (ISBN 978-2-35935-043-2)
  • Brigitte Nerlich: Michel Bréal: mettre l’homme dans la langue. In: Penser l’histoire des savoirs linguistiques. Hommage à Sylvain Auroux. Textes réunis par Sylvie Archaimbault Jean-Marie Fournier & Valérie Raby, 611-619. Lyon: ENS, 2013. (ISBN 978-2-84788-417-3).
  • Jan Noordegraaf: Salient scholars. Michel Bréal and his Dutch connections. In: Penser l’histoire des savoirs linguistiques. Hommage à Sylvain Auroux. Textes réunis par Sylvie Archaimbault Jean-Marie Fournier & Valérie Raby, 621-632. Lyon: ENS, 2013. (ISBN 978-2-84788-417-3). http://hdl.handle.net/1871/51333

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bréal, Michel Jules Alfred". Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 481. 
  2. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Bréal, Michel Jules Alfred". Encyclopædia Britannica. 30 (12th ed.). London & New York. p. 494. 

External links[edit]

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