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1 Hour of Arabian Music and Middle Eastern Music
1 Hour of Arabian Music and Middle Eastern Music
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: Derek & Brandon Fiechter
Arabian Music | Persian Spirit | Instrumental Middle Eastern Music
Arabian Music | Persian Spirit | Instrumental Middle Eastern Music
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: Soul Candle
1 Hour Arabian Music | Desert Market | Beautiful Middle Eastern Music
1 Hour Arabian Music | Desert Market | Beautiful Middle Eastern Music
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: Soul Candle
Middle Eastern Music - Sands of Arabia
Middle Eastern Music - Sands of Arabia
Published: 2014/08/24
Channel: Brandon Fiechter
THREE HOURS of Relaxing Spa Music-Sound Therapy for Relaxation-Middle Eastern Atmospheric
THREE HOURS of Relaxing Spa Music-Sound Therapy for Relaxation-Middle Eastern Atmospheric
Published: 2013/03/10
Channel: Super Relax Channel
Arabic Traditional Music - الموسيقى العربية التقليدية
Arabic Traditional Music - الموسيقى العربية التقليدية
Published: 2013/08/12
Channel: arabicnetwork
Middle Eastern Music | Petra | Soft & Quiet Arabian Music
Middle Eastern Music | Petra | Soft & Quiet Arabian Music
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: Soul Candle
Best Middle Eastern Dance Songs - الشرق الأوسط الرقص عود
Best Middle Eastern Dance Songs - الشرق الأوسط الرقص عود
Published: 2013/08/15
Channel: arabicnetwork
Amazing Oriental Music - HD - FARAN ENSEMBLE
Amazing Oriental Music - HD - FARAN ENSEMBLE
Published: 2013/12/02
Channel: ANNA RF
Greek Middle East Music
Greek Middle East Music
Published: 2015/02/12
Channel: Traditional Music Channel
1 Hour of Arabian Music and Egyptian Music
1 Hour of Arabian Music and Egyptian Music
Published: 2014/11/18
Channel: Derek & Brandon Fiechter
Rahim AlHaj Trio: Middle Eastern Music from New Mexico
Rahim AlHaj Trio: Middle Eastern Music from New Mexico
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: LibraryOfCongress
Middle East Music 10 Hours - Modern Arabic Music
Middle East Music 10 Hours - Modern Arabic Music
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: 10HoursOfEverything
Relaxing Arabic Instrumental Music | Middle East Music
Relaxing Arabic Instrumental Music | Middle East Music
Published: 2017/01/22
Channel: Meditation & Relaxation - Music channel
Dreaming of Arabia: Oriental Lounge Music
Dreaming of Arabia: Oriental Lounge Music
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: Buddha's Lounge
Voices of The Night (BEAUTIFUL CHILLOUT MIX) يا ليـــــل
Voices of The Night (BEAUTIFUL CHILLOUT MIX) يا ليـــــل
Published: 2013/08/16
Channel: Gcoups
Middle Eastern Music from different countries
Middle Eastern Music from different countries
Published: 2009/11/26
Channel: Steven Kup
3 Hours Arabian Music | Relaxing Ambient Egyptian Music
3 Hours Arabian Music | Relaxing Ambient Egyptian Music
Published: 2014/07/07
Channel: Soul Candle
Gypsy, Balkan and Middle Eastern Music
Gypsy, Balkan and Middle Eastern Music
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: Traditional Music Channel
Epic Middle Eastern Guitar Music: MIRAGE - Al Marconi
Epic Middle Eastern Guitar Music: MIRAGE - Al Marconi
Published: 2012/12/07
Channel: Al Marconi
Best relaxing arabic music instrumental slow romantic relax beautiful without word
Best relaxing arabic music instrumental slow romantic relax beautiful without word
Published: 2015/05/03
Channel: Best Music Compilation
10 Alternate Music Covers For Middle East Censorship
10 Alternate Music Covers For Middle East Censorship
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: TheTalko
Middle Eastern Music Instrumental - Palm Sanctuary
Middle Eastern Music Instrumental - Palm Sanctuary
Published: 2014/08/12
Channel: Derek & Brandon Fiechter
Arabian Music | Persian Palace | Beautiful Relaxing Middle Eastern Music
Arabian Music | Persian Palace | Beautiful Relaxing Middle Eastern Music
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: Soul Candle
Middle Eastern Music - Magic Palace
Middle Eastern Music - Magic Palace
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: Derek Fiechter
Jim Carey Middle East Music
Jim Carey Middle East Music
Published: 2015/02/08
Channel: Gareth Hooper
ROX - East of the Kaluts (Middle Eastern Psychill And World Music Mix)
ROX - East of the Kaluts (Middle Eastern Psychill And World Music Mix)
Published: 2013/05/28
Channel: nukeandfusion
Turkish Pop Music 2015 (1)
Turkish Pop Music 2015 (1)
Published: 2015/06/27
Channel: AH MET
Wonderful Chill Out Music (Egypt vs. India Balance Mix)
Wonderful Chill Out Music (Egypt vs. India Balance Mix)
Published: 2011/11/30
Channel: TheCeifa
Relaxing arabic music -oud and violin- part 1
Relaxing arabic music -oud and violin- part 1
Published: 2016/02/12
Channel: Enjoy The Beat
Samaya - Magic Carpet Ride Mixtape (World Music / Middle Eastern / Shamanic Downtempo)
Samaya - Magic Carpet Ride Mixtape (World Music / Middle Eastern / Shamanic Downtempo)
Published: 2017/08/04
Channel: Shivelight
Arabic Traditional Music | الموسيقى العربية التقليدية
Arabic Traditional Music | الموسيقى العربية التقليدية
Published: 2015/08/17
Channel: arabicnetwork
Middle eastern music (Arabic, Turkish, Persian and Kurdish)
Middle eastern music (Arabic, Turkish, Persian and Kurdish)
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: Country languages
An Evening of Middle Eastern Music and Dance
An Evening of Middle Eastern Music and Dance
Published: 2008/11/14
Channel: University of California Television (UCTV)
Berklee Middle Eastern Music Festival Rehearsal
Berklee Middle Eastern Music Festival Rehearsal
Published: 2012/02/29
Channel: Berklee College of Music
BellyDance Originally Middle Eastern Arabic  Music
BellyDance Originally Middle Eastern Arabic Music
Published: 2017/07/05
Channel: Delicebelle
Mystical music in the world  I    Middle East
Mystical music in the world I Middle East
Published: 2013/08/07
Channel: Panopxia1
Wonderful Indian and Middle Eastern Chill Out Music
Wonderful Indian and Middle Eastern Chill Out Music
Published: 2016/06/11
Channel: Rumi
Arabic/Middle Eastern Trap & Tunisian Music (Mix by Jaski)
Arabic/Middle Eastern Trap & Tunisian Music (Mix by Jaski)
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: Jaski Music Mixes
Arabic Concert 2016 at Middle Eastern Music and Dance Camp
Arabic Concert 2016 at Middle Eastern Music and Dance Camp
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: MiddleEasternMusicAndDanceCamp Mendocino
Israeli Middle Eastern Music at Jerusalem Shuk / Market
Israeli Middle Eastern Music at Jerusalem Shuk / Market
Published: 2015/07/29
Channel: LES GLASSMAN
Live Middle Eastern Music with Oud and Egyptian Tabla
Live Middle Eastern Music with Oud and Egyptian Tabla
Published: 2010/09/03
Channel: SocialJusticeNOW
Arabic Trap Mix #5 (Middle East Trap)
Arabic Trap Mix #5 (Middle East Trap)
Published: 2014/08/14
Channel: Jaski Music Mixes
Middle Eastern Music | Petra | Instrumental Arabian Music
Middle Eastern Music | Petra | Instrumental Arabian Music
Published: 2017/12/13
Channel: Soul Candle
middle eastern music arabic pop
middle eastern music arabic pop
Published: 2011/06/02
Channel: nonpolo22
Middle Eastern Music - Queen Zenobia
Middle Eastern Music - Queen Zenobia
Published: 2016/03/22
Channel: Brandon Fiechter
Medieval II Total War Middle Eastern Music
Medieval II Total War Middle Eastern Music
Published: 2007/12/13
Channel: Cosmosis7
Daler Mehndi - Tunak Tunak Tun Video
Daler Mehndi - Tunak Tunak Tun Video
Published: 2014/03/21
Channel: SonyMusicIndiaVEVO
Arabic Traditional Instrumental Music
Arabic Traditional Instrumental Music
Published: 2015/08/06
Channel: Knowledge Bubble
In rehearsal: The Middle Eastern Music Ensemble
In rehearsal: The Middle Eastern Music Ensemble
Published: 2012/03/29
Channel: William & Mary
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Middle-Eastern music spans across a vast region, from Morocco to Iran. The various nations of the region include the Arab countries of the Middle East and North Africa, the Iranian traditions of Persia, the Hebrew music of Israel, Armenian music, the varied traditions of Cypriot music, the music of Turkey, traditional Assyrian music, Berbers of North Africa, and Coptic Christians in Egypt all maintain their own traditions. It is widely regarded that some Middle-Eastern musical styles have influenced India, as well as Central Asia, Spain, and the Balkans.

Throughout the region, religion has been a common factor in uniting peoples of different languages, cultures and nations. The predominance of Islam allowed a great deal of Arabic, and Byzantine influence to spread through the region rapidly from the 7th century onward. The Arabic scale is strongly melodic, based on various maqamat (sing. maqam) or modes (also known as makam in Turkish music). Arabs translated and developed Greek texts and works of music and mastered the musical theory of the music of ancient Greece (i.e. Systema ametabolon, enharmonium, chromatikon, diatonon).[1] This is similar to the dastgah of Persian music. While this originates with classical music, the modal system has filtered down into folk, liturgical and even popular music, with influence from the West. Unlike much western music, Arabic music includes quarter tones halfway between notes, often through the use of stringed instruments (like the oud) or the human voice. Further distinguishing characteristics of Middle Eastern and North African music include very complex rhythmic structures, generally tense vocal tone, and a monophonic texture.

Often, more traditional Middle-Eastern music can last from one to three hours in length, building up to anxiously awaited, and much applauded climaxes, or tarab, derived from the Arabic term طرب tarraba.[2]

Instruments used[edit]

Strings[edit]

Many instruments originate in the Middle East region. Most popular of the stringed instruments is the oud, a pear-shaped lute that traditionally had four strings, although current instruments have up to six courses consisting of one or two strings each. Legend has it that the oud was invented by Lamech, the sixth grandson of Adam. This is stated by Farabi, and it is part of the Iraqi folklore relating to the instrument. Legend goes on to suggest that the first oud was inspired by the shape of his son's bleached skeleton.[3]

Historically, the oldest pictorial record of the oud dates back to the Uruk period in Southern Mesopotamia over 5000 years ago. It is on a cylinder seal currently housed at the British Museum and acquired by Dr. Dominique Collon,[4] Editor of Iraq at the British Institute for the Study of Iraq.[4]

Used mostly in court music for royals and the rich, the harp also comes from ancient Egypt c. 3500 BC.[5]

The widespread use of the oud led to many variations on the instrument, including the saz, a Turkish long-necked lute that remains very popular in Turkey.

Another popular string instrument is the qanoun, developed by Farabi during the Abbasids era. Legend has it that Farabi played qanoun in court and alternately made people laugh, cry, or fall asleep. The qanoun developed out of string instruments described in inscriptions that date to the Assyrian period.[6] It has about 26 triple-string courses, plucked with a piece of horn. The musician has the freedom to alter the pitch of individual courses from a quarter to a whole step by adjusting metal levers.

Middle Eastern music also makes use of the violin, which is European in origin. The violin was adopted into Middle Eastern music in the 19th century, and it is able to produce non-Western scales that include quarter-tones because it is fretless.[7]

Percussion[edit]

Percussion instruments play a very important role in Middle Eastern music. The complex rhythms of this music are often played on many simple percussion instruments. The riq الرق (a type of tambourine) and finger cymbals add a higher rhythmic line to rhythm laid down with sticks, clappers, and other drums. An instrument native to Egypt, Israel, Palestine, and Lebanon, the doumbek (or tombak), is a drum made of ceramic clay, with a goatskin head glued to the body.[citation needed]

Winds[edit]

The last section of instruments is the woodwinds. The Armenian Duduk is a very popular double reeded, oboe-like instrument made out of Apricot tree wood. The Moroccan oboe, also called the rhaita, has a double-reed mouthpiece that echoes sound down its long and narrow body. A similar instrument is called the sorna. Equivalent to the mizmar and zurna, it is used more for festivals and loud celebrations. A Turkish influence comes from the mey, which has a large double reed. Bamboo reed pipes are the most common background to belly dancing and music from Egypt. Flutes are also a common woodwind instrument in ensembles. A kaval is a three-part flute that is blown in one end, whereas the ney is a long cane flute, played by blowing across the sharp edge while pursing the lips.

Religious influence[edit]

The influence of Abrahamic religions have had a great impact on the musical culture of the Middle East. Religion forms a major background to many traditional styles of music and dance, ranging from classical to more modern. All over the Middle East, you hear songs of praise and prayer. What is conducted by a muezzin, or prayer caller, for example, are the five daily calls to prayer. Only since the nineteenth century have individual reciters started singing the Qur'an while still strictly abiding by the laws and rules. This, however is grossly inaccurate. This form of Quran recital is called Tajwid, تجويد, which is the Arabic word for elocution.

Popular music[edit]

Music pervades Middle Eastern societies.[8] While traditional music remains popular in the Middle East, modern music reconciling Western and traditional Arabic styles, pop, and fusion are rapidly advancing in popularity.[9] Lebanese musical pioneer Lydia Canaan is listed in the catalog of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum's Library and Archives in Cleveland, Ohio, USA[10][11] as the first rock star of the Middle East.[11][12][13][14][15] Canaan fused Middle Eastern quarter notes and microtones with anglophone rock, innovating a unique style of world music.[16]

Common genres[edit]

Geographical varieties of Arabic music of Middle East[edit]

Geographical varieties of non-Arabic music of Middle East[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Habib Hassan Touma - Review of Das arabische Tonsystem im Mittelalter by Liberty Manik. doi:10.2307/
  2. ^ Pappé, I. The Modern Middle East, (London, 2005), p. 166-171.
  3. ^ Erica Goode (May 1, 2008). "A Fabled Instrument, Suppressed in Iraq, Thrives in Exile". New York Times.  (citing Grove Music Online)
  4. ^ a b British Institute for the Study of Iraq, http://www.britac.ac.uk/INSTITUTES/IRAQ/officers.htm
  5. ^ The Oxford Journals: Music and Letters 1929 X(2):108-123; doi:10.1093/ml/X.2.108. Oxford University Press ©1929 [1]
  6. ^ Dr. Rashid, Subhi Anwar: The musical Instrument of Iraqi Maqam
  7. ^ "Arabic Musical Instruments". Maqam World. Retrieved 4 August 2016. 
  8. ^ Carter, Terry; Dunston Lara (15 July 2008). "Arts". Lonely Planet Syria & Lebanon. Lonely Planet. Thomas Amelia (3 ed.). Lonely Planet. pp. 254–255. ISBN 978-1-74104-609-0. Retrieved 19 September 2009. 
  9. ^ Sheehan, Sean; Latif Zawiah (30 August 2007). "Arts". Lebanon. Cultures of the World (2 ed.). Marshall Cavendish Children's Books. p. 105. ISBN 978-0-7614-2081-1. Retrieved 19 September 2009. 
  10. ^ Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Library and Archives – Lydia Canaan Subject File
  11. ^ a b O'Connor, Tom. "Lydia Canaan One Step Closer to Rock n' Roll Hall of Fame", The Daily Star, Beirut, April 27, 2016.
  12. ^ Salhani, Justin. "Lydia Canaan: The Mideast’s First Rock Star", The Daily Star, Beirut, November 17, 2014.
  13. ^ Livingstone, David. "A Beautiful Life; Or, How a Local Girl Ended Up With a Recording Contract in the UK and Who Has Ambitions in the U.S.", Campus, No. 8, p. 2, Beirut, February 1997.
  14. ^ Ajouz, Wafik. "From Broumana to the Top Ten: Lydia Canaan, Lebanon's 'Angel' on the Road to Stardom", Cedar Wings, No. 28, p. 2, Beirut, July–August 1995.
  15. ^ Aschkar, Youmna. "New Hit For Lydia Canaan", Eco News, No. 77, p. 2, Beirut, January 20, 1997.
  16. ^ Sinclair, David. "Global Music Pulse", Billboard, New York, May 10, 1997.

External links[edit]

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