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Middle Class Madhavan | Full Tamil Movie | Prabhu, Abhrami, Vadivelu, Vivek | Cineam Junction
Middle Class Madhavan | Full Tamil Movie | Prabhu, Abhrami, Vadivelu, Vivek | Cineam Junction
Published: 2016/09/09
Channel: CinemaJunction
Sizzling Hits of AR Rahman | Tamil Movie Audio Jukebox
Sizzling Hits of AR Rahman | Tamil Movie Audio Jukebox
Published: 2014/09/23
Channel: Saregama Tamil
Tamil Melody Songs Collection Nonstop Jukebox
Tamil Melody Songs Collection Nonstop Jukebox
Published: 2015/07/17
Channel: Onlyvideos
Tamil birthday song present by chettisimizhi government middle school
Tamil birthday song present by chettisimizhi government middle school
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: valaitamil
Face Beauty Tips in Tamil Language Skin Whitening Mugam Vellaiyaga முகம் சிவப்பாக
Face Beauty Tips in Tamil Language Skin Whitening Mugam Vellaiyaga முகம் சிவப்பாக
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: Kavitha Uthamasamy
Tamil American Youth in FeTNA Conference - An excellent perspective about learning Tamil
Tamil American Youth in FeTNA Conference - An excellent perspective about learning Tamil
Published: 2012/06/14
Channel: FeTNAChannel
Middle Class Madhavan |Tamil Comedy | Scene | Prabhu | Vadivel | Vivek
Middle Class Madhavan |Tamil Comedy | Scene | Prabhu | Vadivel | Vivek
Published: 2013/11/11
Channel: AP International
திரவ லிப்ட் - Tamil science experiment
திரவ லிப்ட் - Tamil science experiment
Published: 2016/06/21
Channel: Pebbles Tamil
Tamil Mid 90 Super Hits songs
Tamil Mid 90 Super Hits songs
Published: 2014/09/10
Channel: Kopi Maheswaran
MIDDLE CLASS - MOTIVATIONAL TAMIL SHORT FILM
MIDDLE CLASS - MOTIVATIONAL TAMIL SHORT FILM
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: Aiyoo Pathikichey
Tamil Language Announcing in Dubai Airport
Tamil Language Announcing in Dubai Airport
Published: 2016/11/01
Channel: Kathiravan NewsTube
Ilayaraja Tamil Songs Jukebox - Vol 1 - Best Hits Collection
Ilayaraja Tamil Songs Jukebox - Vol 1 - Best Hits Collection
Published: 2012/12/29
Channel: Rajshri Tamil
Evegreen tamil song, Karthik and Ilaiyaraja hits..Ennai Thottu Allikonda
Evegreen tamil song, Karthik and Ilaiyaraja hits..Ennai Thottu Allikonda
Published: 2009/12/10
Channel: vickydemonrhymes
Middle Class Madhavan Tamil Movie Comedy Part 4 | Vadivelu | Vivek | Comedy Scenes | Prabhu | Visu
Middle Class Madhavan Tamil Movie Comedy Part 4 | Vadivelu | Vivek | Comedy Scenes | Prabhu | Visu
Published: 2016/07/14
Channel: Tamil Comedy
South Indian Tamil Cinema Actor Ajithkumar’s Life History #thala #ajith
South Indian Tamil Cinema Actor Ajithkumar’s Life History #thala #ajith
Published: 2017/04/29
Channel: Tamil Bells
Light for class VI in Tamil
Light for class VI in Tamil
Published: 2016/02/04
Channel: Pums Uc Chavadi Cuddalore Block
Mohan Hit Songs Jukebox - Super Hit Romantic Melodies - Tamil Songs Collection
Mohan Hit Songs Jukebox - Super Hit Romantic Melodies - Tamil Songs Collection
Published: 2015/11/19
Channel: Rajshri Tamil
Tamil Movie Nostalgic Songs Non Stop
Tamil Movie Nostalgic Songs Non Stop
Published: 2013/11/07
Channel: fecin babu
Rajarani(tamil) middle part clip from Broken heart
Rajarani(tamil) middle part clip from Broken heart
Published: 2014/06/22
Channel: Broken heart channel
Tamil movies 2011 New Release Singam Puli| Jeeva, Ramya, Santhanam| Tamil Full Action Movies|
Tamil movies 2011 New Release Singam Puli| Jeeva, Ramya, Santhanam| Tamil Full Action Movies|
Published: 2014/12/15
Channel: Realcinemas
அன்னப்பறவை || Annaparavai||Srikanth Super Hit Tamil Full  Comedy Movie
அன்னப்பறவை || Annaparavai||Srikanth Super Hit Tamil Full Comedy Movie
Published: 2015/12/05
Channel: PS Entertainment
Tamil mp3 songs
Tamil mp3 songs
Published: 2016/01/11
Channel: silva geetha
Vidhi Full Movie - Mohan, Poornima, Sujatha - Super Hit Tamil Movie
Vidhi Full Movie - Mohan, Poornima, Sujatha - Super Hit Tamil Movie
Published: 2015/07/08
Channel: Rajshri Tamil
S.Janaki - Evergreen Tamil Hit Songs Jukebox - Tamil Melodious Songs Collection
S.Janaki - Evergreen Tamil Hit Songs Jukebox - Tamil Melodious Songs Collection
Published: 2015/09/19
Channel: Rajshri Tamil
Latest Release | Tamil Thriller Cinema Adutha Kattam | Full Movie HD
Latest Release | Tamil Thriller Cinema Adutha Kattam | Full Movie HD
Published: 2014/12/20
Channel: tamilpeaktv
Ayiram Janmangal Tamil Full Movie| Rajinikanth Tamil Super Hit Movies|
Ayiram Janmangal Tamil Full Movie| Rajinikanth Tamil Super Hit Movies|
Published: 2014/12/19
Channel: Realcinemas
Justice Gopinath Full Movie HD | Sivaji Ganesan,Rajinikanth | Tamil Middle Movies | GoldenCinema
Justice Gopinath Full Movie HD | Sivaji Ganesan,Rajinikanth | Tamil Middle Movies | GoldenCinema
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: GoldenCinema
Swiss or Tamil? Caught in the middle.
Swiss or Tamil? Caught in the middle.
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: SWI swissinfo.ch - English
Illayaraja Super Hit Melody Song|Tamil Melody Song|Latest Tamil Melody Songs|Deva Melody Song
Illayaraja Super Hit Melody Song|Tamil Melody Song|Latest Tamil Melody Songs|Deva Melody Song
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: N - Isai
60 Ilayaraja Tamil Songs Collection
60 Ilayaraja Tamil Songs Collection
Published: 2014/02/27
Channel: Xx Musicbox xX
Middle age auntys correct in youg boy Hot Video |Tamil Roamnce scene Singam Puli Movie
Middle age auntys correct in youg boy Hot Video |Tamil Roamnce scene Singam Puli Movie
Published: 2015/10/20
Channel: Real Entertainment
How to apply for a PAN Card - Tamil
How to apply for a PAN Card - Tamil
Published: 2014/11/15
Channel: Spoken-Tutorial IIT Bombay
டைகர்  தாத்தாச்சாரி ||Tiger Thathachari|| Super Hit Tamil Full H D Movie
டைகர் தாத்தாச்சாரி ||Tiger Thathachari|| Super Hit Tamil Full H D Movie
Published: 2015/12/04
Channel: PS Entertainment
Arachnid Full Movie Tamil || Hollywood Movie (Tamil Dubbed) || Action Movie
Arachnid Full Movie Tamil || Hollywood Movie (Tamil Dubbed) || Action Movie
Published: 2015/11/02
Channel: DRJ Records Movies
Venghai Tamil Full Movie
Venghai Tamil Full Movie
Published: 2016/06/14
Channel: UIE Movies
Karakattakaran | Full Tamil Movie | Cinema Junction
Karakattakaran | Full Tamil Movie | Cinema Junction
Published: 2013/11/22
Channel: CinemaJunction
Magudam (1996) | Full Tamil Movie | Sathyaraj, Bhanupriya, Gouthami
Magudam (1996) | Full Tamil Movie | Sathyaraj, Bhanupriya, Gouthami
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: Saregama Movies
Vadivel Best Comedy Collection HD | Comedy | Tamil Cinema
Vadivel Best Comedy Collection HD | Comedy | Tamil Cinema
Published: 2014/09/18
Channel: RajVideoVisionTamil
Salim 2014 Full Hd Exclusive Movie| Vijay Antony & Aksha Pardasany| New Tamil Movies|
Salim 2014 Full Hd Exclusive Movie| Vijay Antony & Aksha Pardasany| New Tamil Movies|
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: Realcinemas
Most Loved Tamil Songs | Audio Jukebox | Best Tamil Love Songs
Most Loved Tamil Songs | Audio Jukebox | Best Tamil Love Songs
Published: 2014/02/06
Channel: Star Music India
A.R Rahman Tamil Songs Jukebox - Vol 1 - Super Hit Collections - Happy Birthday
A.R Rahman Tamil Songs Jukebox - Vol 1 - Super Hit Collections - Happy Birthday
Published: 2014/07/05
Channel: Rajshri Tamil
Shreya Ghoshal Top 3 tamil hit songs
Shreya Ghoshal Top 3 tamil hit songs
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: TamilMusiq4You
Solve a Rubik
Solve a Rubik's Cube in 5 steps (தமிழில்) - Tamil language
Published: 2015/11/09
Channel: Thaya
Dhavani Kanavugal | Full Tamil Movie | Cinema Junction
Dhavani Kanavugal | Full Tamil Movie | Cinema Junction
Published: 2013/11/23
Channel: CinemaJunction
Ellam Avan Seyal Tamil Full Movie HD| R.K, Tamil Action Movies| Entertaiment Movies|
Ellam Avan Seyal Tamil Full Movie HD| R.K, Tamil Action Movies| Entertaiment Movies|
Published: 2014/07/30
Channel: Realcinemas
how to solve Rubik
how to solve Rubik's cube tamil HD part 1
Published: 2013/08/27
Channel: abu thahir
Nedunchalai 2014 Full Hd Exclusive Movie| Aari & Sshivada | New Tamil Movies 2014|
Nedunchalai 2014 Full Hd Exclusive Movie| Aari & Sshivada | New Tamil Movies 2014|
Published: 2015/05/30
Channel: Realcinemas
Bayam Ariyaan Full HD Tamil Movie | Mageshraja, Udhayathara, Kishore
Bayam Ariyaan Full HD Tamil Movie | Mageshraja, Udhayathara, Kishore
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: MSK Movies
Fishermen fight in the middle of the sea | Tamil Nadu | News7 Tamil
Fishermen fight in the middle of the sea | Tamil Nadu | News7 Tamil
Published: 2015/05/12
Channel: News7 Tamil
Memory loss - Tamil Video on How to improve memory
Memory loss - Tamil Video on How to improve memory
Published: 2013/12/09
Channel: Ravi Samuel
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Middle Tamil)
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Middle Tamil
Era Developed into Modern Tamil by the 17th century and Malayalam by the 14th century
Early form
Tamil alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None
Tanjavur Tamil Inscription

The evolution of Old Tamil into Middle Tamil, which is generally taken to have been completed by the 8th century,[1] was characterised by a number of phonological and grammatical changes. In phonological terms, the most important shifts were the virtual disappearance of the aytam (ஃ), an old phoneme,[2] the coalescence of the alveolar and dental nasals,[3] and the transformation of the alveolar plosive into a rhotic.[4] In grammar, the most important change was the emergence of the present tense. The present tense evolved out of the verb kil (கில்), meaning "to be possible" or "to befall". In Old Tamil, this verb was used as an aspect marker to indicate that an action was micro-durative, non-sustained or non-lasting, usually in combination with a time marker such as (ன்). In Middle Tamil, this usage evolved into a present tense marker – kiṉṟa (கின்ற) – which combined the old aspect and time markers.[5]

From the period of the Pallava dynasty onwards, a number of Sanskrit loan-words entered Tamil, particularly in relation to political, religious and philosophical concepts.[6] Sanskrit also influenced Tamil grammar, in the increased use of cases and in declined nouns becoming adjuncts of verbs,[7] and phonology. The forms of writing in Tamil have developed through years.[8] The Tamil script also changed in the period of Middle Tamil. Tamil Brahmi and Vaṭṭeḻuttu, into which it evolved, were the main scripts used in Old Tamil inscriptions. From the 8th century onwards, however, the Pallavas began using a new script, derived from the Pallava Grantha script which was used to write Sanskrit, which eventually replaced Vaṭṭeḻuttu.[9]

Middle Tamil is attested in a large number of inscriptions, and in a significant body of secular and religious literature.[10] These include the religious poems and songs of the Bhakthi poets, such as the Tēvāram verses on Shaivism and Nālāyira Tivya Pirapantam on Vaishnavism,[11] and adaptations of religious legends such as the 12th century Tamil Ramayana composed by Kamban and the story of 63 shaivite devotees known as Periyapurāṇam.[12] Iraiyaṉār Akapporuḷ, an early treatise on love poetics, and Naṉṉūl, a 12th-century grammar that became the standard grammar of literary Tamil, are also from the Middle Tamil period.[13] There is a famous saying

translating to "He whose heart is not melted by Thiruvasagam cannot be melted by any vasagam(saying)".[14] The Thiruvasagam is composed by Manikkavasagar

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lehmann 1998, pp. 75–76
  2. ^ Kuiper 1958, p. 194
  3. ^ Meenakshisundaran 1965, pp. 132–133
  4. ^ Kuiper 1958, pp. 213–215
  5. ^ Rajam, V. S. (1985). "The Duration of an Action-Real or Aspectual? The Evolution of the Present Tense in Tamil". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 105 (2): 277. JSTOR 601707. doi:10.2307/601707.  at pp. 284–285
  6. ^ Meenakshisundaran 1965, pp. 173–174
  7. ^ Meenakshisundaran 1965, pp. 153–154
  8. ^ Meenakshisundaran 1965, pp. 145–146
  9. ^ Mahadevan 2003, pp. 208–213
  10. ^ Meenakshisundaran 1965, p. 119
  11. ^ Varadarajan 1988
  12. ^ Varadarajan 1988, pp. 155–157
  13. ^ Zvelebil 1992, p. 227
  14. ^ Macdonell 1994, p. 219

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