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What is Middleware? Application Servers
What is Middleware? Application Servers
Published: 2013/09/18
Channel: John Brunswick
What is Middleware?
What is Middleware?
Published: 2014/03/28
Channel: zaw win
What is Middleware? Service Oriented Architecture Explained
What is Middleware? Service Oriented Architecture Explained
Published: 2013/09/19
Channel: John Brunswick
Express.js Fundamentals - 6 - Middleware Explained
Express.js Fundamentals - 6 - Middleware Explained
Published: 2015/12/26
Channel: JsWiz
Middleware Concepts
Middleware Concepts
Published: 2011/01/11
Channel: regisuniversityscis
What is MIDDLEWARE? What does MIDDLEWARE mean? MIDDLEWARE meaning, definition & explanation
What is MIDDLEWARE? What does MIDDLEWARE mean? MIDDLEWARE meaning, definition & explanation
Published: 2017/03/21
Channel: The Audiopedia
An introduction to Middleware
An introduction to Middleware
Published: 2014/06/26
Channel: Akash Saraswat
Middleware - Difference between WEB SERVERS and APPLICATION SERVERS IN Real Time Training Video
Middleware - Difference between WEB SERVERS and APPLICATION SERVERS IN Real Time Training Video
Published: 2014/12/22
Channel: venkatraman vv
Middleware Architecture
Middleware Architecture
Published: 2011/01/11
Channel: regisuniversityscis
What is Red Hat JBoss Middleware?
What is Red Hat JBoss Middleware?
Published: 2014/11/20
Channel: Emergent 360
Oracle Fusion Middleware Whiteboard
Oracle Fusion Middleware Whiteboard
Published: 2011/09/06
Channel: danburg3
Laravel - What is Middleware?
Laravel - What is Middleware?
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: SitePoint
Middleware Technologies Explained in Hindi
Middleware Technologies Explained in Hindi
Published: 2014/05/07
Channel: IT India
10 - Middleware
10 - Middleware
Published: 2015/09/25
Channel: devdojo
21 - Curso de Laravel 5.1, Middleware
21 - Curso de Laravel 5.1, Middleware
Published: 2015/07/12
Channel: Raul Palacios
INTRODUCTION TO MIDDLEWARE IN HINDI
INTRODUCTION TO MIDDLEWARE IN HINDI
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: Ajaze Khan
Sistemas Distribuidos - Arquitectura - Web Service - Middleware
Sistemas Distribuidos - Arquitectura - Web Service - Middleware
Published: 2013/10/20
Channel: Julio Pari
Middleware - Sistemas Distribuídos - UNIFACS 2016
Middleware - Sistemas Distribuídos - UNIFACS 2016
Published: 2016/04/23
Channel: Alisson Costa
11 - Middleware
11 - Middleware
Published: 2016/02/01
Channel: devdojo
Red Hat JBOSS Middleware Presentation
Red Hat JBOSS Middleware Presentation
Published: 2016/03/11
Channel: Graeme Thompson
Weblogic and Fusion Middleware for Begginer
Weblogic and Fusion Middleware for Begginer's by Hans Forbrich (In English)
Published: 2014/01/24
Channel: OracleMania
Le middleware expliqué en dessins
Le middleware expliqué en dessins
Published: 2017/03/21
Channel: Cookie connecté
Middleware
Middleware
Published: 2012/11/21
Channel: Luisa Querubin
Middleware for Slim 3x by Ryan Szrama
Middleware for Slim 3x by Ryan Szrama
Published: 2015/10/13
Channel: UpstatePHP
Writing Expressjs Middleware
Writing Expressjs Middleware
Published: 2015/04/02
Channel: Stormpath
Que es el software Middleware, definición básica.
Que es el software Middleware, definición básica.
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: joahnnes Siebenhor
Laravel 5.3 tutorials #20 Middleware (restricting access to pages)
Laravel 5.3 tutorials #20 Middleware (restricting access to pages)
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: Devlob
Oracle Fusion Middleware Overview
Oracle Fusion Middleware Overview
Published: 2012/10/10
Channel: Franco Ucci
Middleware - Trabalho
Middleware - Trabalho
Published: 2016/04/19
Channel: Daniel Cavalcante
Laravel 5.4 Tutorial | Middleware #1 How to use Middleware | Part 22 | Bitfumes
Laravel 5.4 Tutorial | Middleware #1 How to use Middleware | Part 22 | Bitfumes
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: Bitfumes Webnologies
5. (ASP.NET Core 1.0 & MVC) Understanding Middleware
5. (ASP.NET Core 1.0 & MVC) Understanding Middleware
Published: 2016/04/16
Channel: Programming
La POO en PHP : Middleware
La POO en PHP : Middleware
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: Grafikart.fr
Node JS Tutorial for Beginners #28 - Middleware & Static Files
Node JS Tutorial for Beginners #28 - Middleware & Static Files
Published: 2016/06/29
Channel: The Net Ninja
Redux Middleware Tutorial - Redux Tutorial #5
Redux Middleware Tutorial - Redux Tutorial #5
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: LearnCode.academy
Introduction to Django Middleware (Django Tutorial) | Part 25
Introduction to Django Middleware (Django Tutorial) | Part 25
Published: 2016/12/11
Channel: Max Goodridge
11 - Middleware
11 - Middleware
Published: 2016/09/30
Channel: devdojo
What
What's New in Laravel 5.3? - Changes to the Auth Middleware
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: Academind
Laravel 5.2 PHP Build  a social network - Middleware & Route Protection
Laravel 5.2 PHP Build a social network - Middleware & Route Protection
Published: 2016/02/09
Channel: Academind
Configuring Multi Auth Middleware - Native Laravel 5.4 Multiple Authentication Series (Part 3)
Configuring Multi Auth Middleware - Native Laravel 5.4 Multiple Authentication Series (Part 3)
Published: 2017/02/25
Channel: DevMarketer
ReactJS / Redux Tutorial - #6 Redux Middleware
ReactJS / Redux Tutorial - #6 Redux Middleware
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: Academind
Middleware Stalker (eng)
Middleware Stalker (eng)
Published: 2016/03/23
Channel: Infomir
12. Laravel Middleware - Laravel 5.3 Basics
12. Laravel Middleware - Laravel 5.3 Basics
Published: 2016/09/28
Channel: Ninja Basics
Writing Middleware in Koajs
Writing Middleware in Koajs
Published: 2014/12/08
Channel: knowthen
Middleware.mp4
Middleware.mp4
Published: 2012/05/24
Channel: willame sobrinho
The Magic of Middleware (Part 1) - Reality Check
The Magic of Middleware (Part 1) - Reality Check
Published: 2015/06/07
Channel: GameSpot
الحلقة 28# : Middleware in Laravel 5.1
الحلقة 28# : Middleware in Laravel 5.1
Published: 2015/08/23
Channel: Safaa Al-Hayali
Kiểm soát phiên đăng nhập với Middleware trong Laravel 5.x
Kiểm soát phiên đăng nhập với Middleware trong Laravel 5.x
Published: 2016/04/19
Channel: Bui Quoc Huy
Laravel 5.3 Tutorial - Session and Middleware
Laravel 5.3 Tutorial - Session and Middleware
Published: 2016/10/16
Channel: TV Coder
Trabalhando com Middleware no Laravel 5.1
Trabalhando com Middleware no Laravel 5.1
Published: 2015/06/11
Channel: School of Net
Curso de Laravel 5.1: Middleware (parte 1 de 3)
Curso de Laravel 5.1: Middleware (parte 1 de 3)
Published: 2015/07/14
Channel: Duilio Palacios
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Anything between the kernel and user applications is considered middleware. Functionality such as gesture recognition or speech recognition is usually processed by some middleware, and the results are transmitted to user applications.[citation needed]

Middleware is computer software that provides services to software applications beyond those available from the operating system. It can be described as "software glue".[1]

Middleware makes it easier for software developers to implement communication and input/output, so they can focus on the specific purpose of their application.

In distributed applications[edit]

Software architecture: Middleware

The term is most commonly used for software that enables communication and management of data in distributed applications. An IETF workshop in 2000 defined middleware as "those services found above the transport (i.e., over TCP/IP) layer set of services but below the application environment" (i.e., below application-level APIs).[2] In this more specific sense middleware can be described as the dash ("-") in client-server, or the -to- in peer-to-peer.[citation needed] Middleware includes web servers, application servers, content management systems, and similar tools that support application development and delivery.

ObjectWeb defines middleware as: "The software layer that lies between the operating system and applications on each side of a distributed computing system in a network."[3] Services that can be regarded as middleware include enterprise application integration, data integration, message oriented middleware (MOM), object request brokers (ORBs), and the enterprise service bus (ESB).

Database access services are often characterised as middleware. Some of them are language specific implementations and support heterogeneous features and other related communication features. Examples of database-oriented middleware include ODBC, JDBC and transaction processing monitors.

Distributed computing system middleware can loosely be divided into two categories—those that provide human-time services (such as web request servicing) and those that perform in machine-time. This latter middleware is somewhat standardized through the Service Availability Forum and is commonly used in complex, embedded systems within telecom, defense and aerospace industries.

Other examples[edit]

The term middleware is used in other contexts as well. Middleware is sometimes used in a similar sense to a software driver, an abstraction layer that hides detail about hardware devices or other software from an application.

  • The mer software distribution is a middleware: it lacks the Linux kernel and it also lacks a UI. Mer is targeted at hardware vendors' mobile-oriented operating systems.
  • The Android operating system uses the Linux kernel at its core, and also provides an application framework that developers incorporate into their applications. In addition, Android provides a middleware layer including libraries that provide services such as data storage, screen display, multimedia, and web browsing. Because the middleware libraries are compiled to machine language, services execute quickly. Middleware libraries also implement device-specific functions, so applications and the application framework need not concern themselves with variations between various Android devices. Android's middleware layer also contains the Dalvik virtual machine and its core Java application libraries.[4]
  • Game engine software such as Gamebryo and Renderware are sometimes described as middleware, because they provide many services to simplify game development.
  • In simulation technology, middleware is generally used in the context of the high level architecture (HLA) that applies to many distributed simulations. It is a layer of software that lies between the application code and the run-time infrastructure. Middleware generally consists of a library of functions, and enables a number of applications—simulations or federates in HLA terminology—to page these functions from the common library rather than re-create them for each application.
  • Wireless networking developers can use middleware to meet the challenges associated with a wireless sensor network (WSN). Implementing a middleware application allows WSN developers to integrate operating systems and hardware with the wide variety of various applications that are currently available.[5]
  • The QNX operating system offers middleware for providing multimedia services for use in automobiles, aircraft and other environments.
  • Multimedia Home Platform (DVB-MHP) is an open middleware system standard designed by the Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) project for interactive digital television. The MHP enables the reception and execution of interactive, Java-based applications on a television set.
  • Universal Home API, or UHAPI, is an application programming interface (API) for consumer electronics appliances, created by the UHAPI Forum. The objective of UHAPI is to enable standard middleware to run on audio/video streaming platforms via a hardware-independent industry standard API.
  • The Miles Sound System provided a middleware software driver allowing developers to build software that worked with a range of different sound cards, without concerning themselves with the details of each card.
  • Radio-frequency identification software toolkits provide middleware to filter noisy and redundant raw data.
  • Television, media and set-top-box software often refers to middleware. For instance, OpenTV 5 middleware (sometimes called Connectware) is a Linux and HTML5 distribution for set-top-box including a default TV navigation guide and provides open APIs to tailored TV user experience that can leverage the home cloud, broadcast video and web services for Pay-TV operators.

Boundaries[edit]

The distinction between operating system and middleware functionality is, to some extent, arbitrary. While core kernel functionality can only be provided by the operating system itself, some functionality previously provided by separately sold middleware is now integrated in operating systems. A typical example is the TCP/IP stack for telecommunications, nowadays included in virtually every operating system. At the other end of the scale, the boundary between middleware and application has also moved. Digital TV middleware for example usually provides enough functionality so that no "application" is needed for end-users to be able to use the TV services.

Origins[edit]

Middleware gained popularity in the 1980s as a solution to the problem of how to link newer applications to older legacy systems, although the term had been in use since 1968.[6] It also facilitated distributed processing, the connection of multiple applications to create a larger application, usually over a network.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "What is Middleware?". Middleware.org. Defining Technology. 2008. Archived from the original on June 29, 2012. Retrieved 2013-08-11. 
  2. ^ http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2768.txt
  3. ^ Krakowiak, Sacha. "What's middleware?". ObjectWeb.org. Retrieved 2005-05-06. 
  4. ^ Charlie Collins, Michael Galpin and Matthias Kaeppler, Android in Practice, Manning Publications, 2011
  5. ^ Hadim, S. and Mohamed, N. (2006). Middleware challenges and approaches for wireless sensor networks. IEEE Distributed Systems Online vol 7. Issue 3. Retrieved March 4, 2009 from iEEE Distributed Systems Online
  6. ^ Gall, Nick (July 30, 2005). "Origin of the term middleware". 

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