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Mili Atoll
Mili Atoll
Published: 2016/04/24
Channel: CMI Media Club
Marshall Islands: Landing on Mili Atoll
Marshall Islands: Landing on Mili Atoll's grass runway
Published: 2016/08/01
Channel: Katherine Nichols
Marshall Islands 2013-2014 Mili, Mili
Marshall Islands 2013-2014 Mili, Mili
Published: 2014/07/16
Channel: Rachel Boyce
Mili Atoll - Republic of the Marshall Islands
Mili Atoll - Republic of the Marshall Islands
Published: 2009/11/08
Channel: devilmonkey507
Mili Atoll, Taraipo.flv
Mili Atoll, Taraipo.flv
Published: 2011/10/07
Channel: breizhstarsailor
Mili Jepta Maaj 2015
Mili Jepta Maaj 2015
Published: 2015/12/27
Channel: Norlynn Limkadre
Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart's Last Piloting (As We Know 2017)
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: Qekka Viilikainen
Raids On Makin, Mili and Wotje Islands and Kwajalein Harbor (1944)
Raids On Makin, Mili and Wotje Islands and Kwajalein Harbor (1944)
Published: 2014/07/09
Channel: A/V Geeks
Pacific Island Littered With WWII-era Debris
Pacific Island Littered With WWII-era Debris
Published: 2014/03/19
Channel: Associated Press
Namdrik Atoll - Republic of the Marshall Islands
Namdrik Atoll - Republic of the Marshall Islands
Published: 2009/11/01
Channel: devilmonkey507
Earhart
Earhart's Electra Trailer
Published: 2011/05/26
Channel: Curated Content
Air Marshall Islands landing on Lae Atoll 2017
Air Marshall Islands landing on Lae Atoll 2017
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: Adam Beitz
What Happened to Amelia Earhart
What Happened to Amelia Earhart
Published: 2006/10/14
Channel: Curated Content
Wotje Atoll
Wotje Atoll
Published: 2011/02/27
Channel: MrMaitols
A newly unearthed photo shows Amelia Earhart survived her final flight
A newly unearthed photo shows Amelia Earhart survived her final flight
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: Global Hot Trends Today
Tok plays HoI3 - Japan ep. 56 - Mili Atoll
Tok plays HoI3 - Japan ep. 56 - Mili Atoll
Published: 2014/10/16
Channel: Tokryva
News: Does This Photo Show Amelia Earhart After Her Plane Disappeared?
News: Does This Photo Show Amelia Earhart After Her Plane Disappeared?
Published: 2017/07/05
Channel: News xxx
Marshall Islands, World War II "What Makes a Battle" 1943 US Army
Marshall Islands, World War II "What Makes a Battle" 1943 US Army
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Mili vs Majuro Highlights
Mili vs Majuro Highlights
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: Melu Wase
Bikini Atoll, The Marshall Islands
Bikini Atoll, The Marshall Islands
Published: 2016/07/18
Channel: Happy Traveler
Mili jebta 12/24/2012
Mili jebta 12/24/2012
Published: 2012/12/28
Channel: Dan Letal
STEVENSON KOTTON
STEVENSON KOTTON'S CAMPAIGN SPEECH 2015 MILI SENATOR CANDIDATE RMI NITIJELA
Published: 2015/11/13
Channel: Kayo Yamaguchi-Kotton
Ebon Atoll
Ebon Atoll
Published: 2016/08/21
Channel: Benedict Yamamura
Marshall Islands - Glimpses of Rongelap Atoll
Marshall Islands - Glimpses of Rongelap Atoll
Published: 2012/03/11
Channel: Tropical Sailing Life
Window on the Atoll, Kwajalein TV: Likiep Atoll, Marshall Islands.
Window on the Atoll, Kwajalein TV: Likiep Atoll, Marshall Islands.
Published: 2012/06/21
Channel: riprock25
Atoll de mili, Marshall Islands, Taraipo
Atoll de mili, Marshall Islands, Taraipo
Published: 2011/10/07
Channel: breizhstarsailor
Triangulating Amelia Earhart
Triangulating Amelia Earhart's Radio Signals after Forced Beach Landing
Published: 2012/07/16
Channel: jes4abw
Ine, Arno
Ine, Arno
Published: 2014/07/28
Channel: T MI
Amelia Earhart Saipan scenario is a non profit book deal enterprise & you cannot debunk it
Amelia Earhart Saipan scenario is a non profit book deal enterprise & you cannot debunk it
Published: 2017/08/04
Channel: WAPTEK
A glimpse of Ebon Atoll, Marshall Islands
A glimpse of Ebon Atoll, Marshall Islands
Published: 2016/08/23
Channel: Sara Cannon
MILI JEPTA 2016
MILI JEPTA 2016
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: mercy majemeto
Marshall Islands - Glimpses of Ailuk Atoll - part 1
Marshall Islands - Glimpses of Ailuk Atoll - part 1
Published: 2011/08/14
Channel: Tropical Sailing Life
Kwaj vs Mili Highlights
Kwaj vs Mili Highlights
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: Melu Wase
Red Ice Radio - Mike Campbell - Hour 1 - The Disappearance of Amelia Earhart: FDR’s Cover-Up
Red Ice Radio - Mike Campbell - Hour 1 - The Disappearance of Amelia Earhart: FDR’s Cover-Up
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: Red Ice TV
Landing to Airok airport, Ailinglaplap atoll in Republic of the Marshall Islands
Landing to Airok airport, Ailinglaplap atoll in Republic of the Marshall Islands
Published: 2016/01/12
Channel: Hiroyuki Negoro
Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands - Part 1
Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands - Part 1
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: Fall off the Map
Marshall Islands in World War II "What Makes a Battle" 1943 US Army 14min
Marshall Islands in World War II "What Makes a Battle" 1943 US Army 14min
Published: 2012/06/29
Channel: Jeff Quitney
My Trip to Jaluit 2016
My Trip to Jaluit 2016
Published: 2016/03/14
Channel: lichomes
Marshall Islands - Glimpses of Wotje Atoll- part 2
Marshall Islands - Glimpses of Wotje Atoll- part 2
Published: 2011/08/14
Channel: Tropical Sailing Life
Marshall Islands - Glimpses of Utrik Atoll
Marshall Islands - Glimpses of Utrik Atoll
Published: 2011/08/14
Channel: Tropical Sailing Life
Arno Saiporara Original
Arno Saiporara Original
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: Jabbacks Ailingeo
Top 10 Largest Cities or Towns of Marshall Islands
Top 10 Largest Cities or Towns of Marshall Islands
Published: 2014/06/19
Channel: Kaushik Biswas
Ailuk Atoll, Marshall Islands
Ailuk Atoll, Marshall Islands
Published: 2011/01/18
Channel: Benedict Yamamura
Minuteman III ICBM Launch
Minuteman III ICBM Launch
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: MiliSource
Marshall Islands- Outer Islands
Marshall Islands- Outer Islands
Published: 2011/01/17
Channel: Redorangeyellowblue
Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands
Published: 2014/06/02
Channel: National Informations
Droughts on atolls
Droughts on atolls
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: LYON 1961
Kwajalein Atoll - Republic of the Marshall Islands
Kwajalein Atoll - Republic of the Marshall Islands
Published: 2009/11/03
Channel: devilmonkey507
Erikub Atoll Marshall Islands
Erikub Atoll Marshall Islands
Published: 2014/09/11
Channel: David Kane
Ailuk Atoll
Ailuk Atoll
Published: 2007/07/11
Channel: Trevaynn
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Mili is located in Pacific Ocean
Mili
Mili
Location of Mili Atoll in the Pacific Ocean
Mili Atoll
Mili Atoll STS068.jpg
NASA picture of Mili Atoll
Mili Atoll is located in Marshall islands
Mili Atoll
Mili Atoll
Geography
Location North Pacific
Coordinates 06°08′00″N 171°55′00″E / 6.13333°N 171.91667°E / 6.13333; 171.91667
Archipelago Ratak
Total islands 92
Area 14.9 km2 (5.8 sq mi)
Highest elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Administration
Demographics
Population 1032 (1998)
Ethnic groups Marshallese

Mili Atoll (Marshallese: Mile, [mʲilʲee̯][1]) is a coral atoll of 92 islands in the Pacific Ocean, and forms a legislative district of the Ratak Chain of the Marshall Islands. It is located approximately 78 kilometres (48 mi) southeast of Arno. Its total land area is 14.9 square kilometres (5.8 sq mi) making it the second largest of the Marshall Islands after Kwajalein. It encloses a much smaller lagoon than Kwajalein, with an area of 760 square kilometres (290 sq mi). The atoll is separated by a water channel called the Klee Passage from the Knox Atoll which is considerably smaller. The population of Mili Atoll was 1032 as of 1999. The main village is also called Mili. Other villages include Nallu, Enejet, Lukonor, Tokewa, and Wau, Mili. Nallu, Enejet and Lukonwor are only accessible from Mili by land during lowtide. Only Mili, Mili and Enejet, Mili have runways for small aircraft. Mili Airport and Enejit Airport are served by Air Marshall Islands when its aircraft are operational.

History[edit]

The British merchant vessel Rolla sighted several islands in the Ratak and Ralik Chains. On October 20, 1803 she sighted islands at 5°41′N 169°27′E / 5.683°N 169.450°E / 5.683; 169.450, which was possibly Mili Atoll. Captain Cummings sent in a cutter, but the heavy surf prevented it from landing. Rolla had transported convicts from Britain to New South Wales and was on her way to Canton to find a cargo to take back to Britain.

In the early 19th century, Mili and Knox Atolls were designated the Mulgrave Islands by Adam Johann von Krusenstern. In 1823 the mutinous crew of the whaler Globe, out of Nantucket, Massachusetts, brought their ship to Mili Atoll.[2] The mutineers, led by Samuel B. Comstock, had killed Globe's captain and her three officers. A few days after she anchored at Mili Atoll, Comstock was murdered by co-mutineer Silas Payne. Six of the crew fled in the ship, leaving nine men stranded on the island. By the time the U.S. schooner Dolphin, commanded by Lieutenant Commander John Percival, arrived to rescue them two years later, the islanders had killed all but two of the crew members.

The infamous blackbirder Bully Hayes owned Tokowa Islet on Mili during the late 19th century and used it as a base for his operations. Mili Atoll was claimed by the German Empire along with the rest of the Marshall Islands in 1884. The Germans established a trading station and in 1870 a Christian church.

According to some theorists who advocate for the Japanese capture hypothesis of Amelia Earhart, Mili Atoll might have been where Earhart and Fred Noonan landed in 1937 after failing to make it to Howland Island.[3] Evidence of this actually occurring, however, is largely based on unreliable eyewitness testimony rather than conclusive physical evidence; most historians believe Earhart and Noonan would have had no reason to attempt to come to Mili, and if they had, they would have run out of fuel before making it in any case.[4]

World War II[edit]

After World War I, the island came under the South Pacific Mandate of the Empire of Japan. Mili housed a radio direction finding beacon and a weather station and the atoll was fortified by the Japanese military. The garrison was composed of 2,045 men of the Imperial Japanese Navy and 2,237 men of the Imperial Japanese Army.[5] In 1942 a seaplane base was developed. Between late 1942 and late 1943, the Japanese also constructed an airfield with three runways (4750 ft, 4550 ft and 4400 ft), and numerous support buildings, including a radar station. The perimeter of the island was fortified with coastal defense and anti-aircraft guns. Between mid-1943 and August 1945, Mili was bombed by United States Navy carrier-based aircraft and shelled by warships. The attacks increased in frequency and severity after Majuro and Kwajalein had fallen to the United States. Of the 5100-man Japanese garrison (2600 Imperial Japanese Navy and 2500 Imperial Japanese Army) only half survived to the end of the war.[6] On 22 August 1945 the Japanese garrison commander surrendered his forces on board the USS Levy.[7]

Postwar[edit]

Following the end of World War II, Mili Atoll came under the control of the United States as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. The island has been part of the independent Republic of the Marshall Islands since 1986.

Mili remains littered with thousands of World War II relics. The law forbids these items from being removed from the island. Mostly what remains are large bunker systems, rail systems, old artillery pieces and remnants of aircraft. Examples include Japanese Mitsubishi A6M Zeros and a North American B-25 Mitchell bomber sitting in just several feet of water. The ground is still covered with craters created by the artillery campaigns that lasted 30 days to "prep" the island for the Allied invasion.

While thousands of unexploded munitions were destroyed by Peace Corps volunteers in the 1960s, danger remains for humans from chemicals in Japanese and U.S. unexploded munitions on land and in the ocean (which could enter the food chain).[8]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Marshallese-English Dictionary - Place Name Index
  2. ^ Hussey and Lay 1828, p. 70.
  3. ^ Campbell 2016, pp. 123–127.
  4. ^ Irving, Clive (July 9, 2017). "Amelia Earhart Captured and Killed? New Evidence Debunks History Channel’s Crazy Theory". The Daily Beast. Retrieved July 10, 2017.
  5. ^ Takizawa, Akira and Allan Alsleben. "Japanese garrisons on the by-passed Pacific Islands 1944-1945." Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942, 1999–2000. Retrieved: September 12, 2017.
  6. ^ Spennemann. Dirk H.R. "WWII Sites on Mili Atoll." Digital Micronesia-An Electronic Library & Archive, 2006. Retrieved: September 12, 2017.
  7. ^ "Levy." Naval History & Heritage Command, 2004 (archived). |Retrieved: September 12, 2017.
  8. ^ Sakoda, Charlene, "Island in the Pacific is home to countless WWII relics." yahoo.com, March 20, 2014. Retrieved: September 12, 2017.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Campbell, Mike. Amelia Earhart: The Truth at Last. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Sunbury Press, 2016. ISBN 978-1-6200-6668-3.
  • Hussey, Cyrus M. and William Lay.A Narrative of the Mutiny, on Board the Ship Globe, of Nantucket, in the Pacific Ocean, Jan. 1824, And the journal of a residence of two years on the Mulgrave Islands; with observations on the manners and customs of the inhabitants. New London, Connecticut:: Wm. Lay and C.M. Hussey, 1828.
  • Klemen, L "Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942." dutcheastindies, 2000.

External links[edit]

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