|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2009)|
|Nickname(s): "Resort City", "Oil Town"|
|Motto: Progress with the society
(Malay: Maju bersama masyarakat)
|Incorporation (City)||20 May 2005|
|• Type||Mayor–council government|
|• Mayor||Lawrence Lai Yew Son|
|• City of Miri||4,707.1 km2 (1,817.4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||21.95 m (72.01 ft)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC+8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Not observed (UTC+8)|
|International dialling code prefix||+6085 (landline only)|
|Vehicle registration plate prefix||QM (for all vehicles except taxis)
HQ (for taxis only)
Miri // is a city in northern Sarawak, Malaysia, on the island of Borneo. It is the second largest city in Sarawak, with a population of about 360,000, and located in close proximity to Brunei. It is the government administrative centre of Miri District in Miri Division. Miri is the birthplace of Sarawak's and Malaysia's petroleum industry, which remains the major industry of the city.
The city's other major industries include processed timber, oil palm production and tourism. Miri is the main tourist gateway for Gunung Mulu National Park, Loagan Bunut National Park, Lambir National Park, Niah National Park and Miri-Sibuti Coral Reef National Park. The world famous Gunung Mulu National Park with its Sarawak Chamber, a half an hour flight from the city, is one of the favourite eco-tourism destinations. Miri has lately become known for its exotic coral reefs.
The earliest evidence of human population in the area dates back to 35,000 BC from the nearby Niah Caves.
The first oil well (the Grand Old Lady) was drilled by Shell in 1910, and is now a state monument and one of Miri's tourist attractions. Shell also built Malaysia's first oil refinery in Lutong, a suburb of Miri, in 1914.
World War II
Realizing that war was imminent, the Brooke government, under Sir Charles Vyner Brooke, conducted preliminary work to establish airstrips at selected locations throughout the country. These airstrips would be located at Kuching, Oya, Mukah, Bintulu, and Miri.
With no air or sea forces stationed in or around Sarawak, the British government encouraged the Brooke regime to adopt a "scorched earth policy" in the event of a Japanese attack. Later, schemes were developed to destroy the oil installations at Miri and Lutong. The Brooke government learned of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (on 7 December 1941) and quickly ordered the total destruction of the oil fields and airfields at Miri and Seria. Orders for the demolition of the refinery at Lutong and the oil wells reached the officer commanding at Miri on the morning of 8 December, and by that evening, the task was completed. The garrison, a company of the 2/15 Punjab Regiment, then left for Kuching by sea on 14 December. The Japanese captured the city on 17 December.
On 19 December 1941, a Dutch flying boat from Tarakan Island attacked the Japanese destroyer Shinonome, (Cdr. Hiroshi Sasagawa) of 1,950 tons off Miri; the ship was sunk along with her entire crew of 228. Another flying boat damaged a transport ship.
During the 1960s, vast oil reserves were discovered just offshore northeast of the city. Miri has grown phenomenally since oil was first discovered in the early 1900s, burgeoning into the business, commercial and educational centre it is today.
The Sarawak state government approved the then Miri Municipal Council's application for Miri to be elevated to a city and concurrently the Council to be upgraded as the Miri City Council on 20 May 2004. The federal government approved its application on 16 March 2005. The Yang di-Pertua Negeri (ceremonial head of state) of Sarawak issued an order on 12 May 2005 for the establishment of the Miri City Council. The King of Malaysia, Seri Paduka Baginda Yang Di-Pertuan Agong XII issued the instrument for conferment of city status of name Miri City Council on Miri Municipal Council, with full jurisdiction on Miri City on 13 May 2005. The appointments of the mayor, deputy mayor and city councillors of the Miri City Council was published in the Sarawak Government Gazette on 19 May 2005.
On 20 May 2005, the official proclamation of Miri as a City and appointment of Cr. Dato Wee Han Wen as first Mayor of Miri City Council were made at Miri. This was then followed by a celebration and 20 May is now celebrated each year as Miri City Day. Miri is the ninth city, and its local council the tenth city council in Malaysia. Miri is the first town in Malaysia which is not a state capital to be granted city status.
Miri is situated on the alluvial plain of the Baram River on the western shore of northern Sarawak on the island of Borneo. Locally the Baram River is called the Miri River. Because of the prevailing southerly off-shore current, beach drift has built up the Jalan Peninsula as a barrier beach between the Miri River and the shore causing a "Yazoo effect" where the river runs parallel to the coast before breaking through into the South China Sea. The city is predominately located on the inland (east) side of the Miri River with only a few scattered residential neighbourhoods, a Golf Club and a small airstrip on the Jalan Peninsula.
Miri has a tropical rainforest climate. There are two monsoon seasons: the southwest monsoon, which is the dry season from April to September and the northeast monsoon, which is the wet season from October to March. The annual rainfall is around 250 to 380 cm (100 to 150 inches). The air temperature is between 23 to 32 °C (74 to 90 °F) the whole year round. But in rare occasions, temperature can reach down to 18 °C to 16 °C especially in the month of November, December and January. Lowest ever recorded is in December 2010 where temperature dropped down to 11 °C.
|Climate data for Miri (1971–2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.9
|Average low °C (°F)||23.1
|Rainfall mm (inches)||240.5
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)||14||10||9||12||13||12||11||12||14||17||17||18||159|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||170.3||172.1||201.8||216.5||220.0||205.6||213.3||202.3||184.6||184.4||189.0||185.4||2,345.3|
|Source #1: World Meteorological Organisation|
|Source #2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990)|
Miri's population consists of Iban, Chinese, Malay (consists of original Malay, adopted of Jati Miriek, Daleik and Bakong people), Kedayan, Berawan, Lun Bawang/Lun Dayeh, Melanau, Kayan, Kenyah, Kelabit, Bidayuh, Penan, Indian, a handful of Eurasians and other indigenous groups .
Miri mainly relies on its oil and gas industry, which contributes significantly to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Sarawak. Sarawak Shell Berhad and Petronas Carigali have their headquarters based in Miri. The city is also home to numerous local and multinational oil and gas companies, including Nippon Oil, Schlumberger, Baker Hughes, Halliburton, Technip, Ranhill WorleyParsons, Petra Resources and many others. The oil and gas industry not only infuses money into the economy, but also brings in expatriates from various countries.
The oil palm business is also a major industry in Miri, with vast oil palm plantation estates dotting the outskirts of Miri. Besides, shipbuilding companies such as Sealink Shipyard, Shin Yang Shipping & Shipyard, Berjaya Dockyard and Sarawak Slipways have also set up major shipyards in Miri Kuala Baram industrial area along the mighty Baram river.
Tourism is seen as another important focus of the economy. Miri is a shopping destination for the neighbouring country of Brunei Darussalam, as well as nearby smaller towns like Bintulu and Limbang. Moreover, Miri has a diverse ecology and myriad flora and fauna species with four national parks and a marine national park are all located near Miri. Thus, it is often seen as a hub for ecotourism and a draw for nature enthusiasts.
Miri is accessible by road from Bandar Seri Begawan (Brunei) through the Sungai Tujuh checkpoint. It is connected to all major cities and towns in Sarawak and Sabah through the Pan Borneo Highway or the coastal road.
Miri Airport (IATA: MYY, ICAO: WBGR) has the capacity to handle two million passengers annually. It is one of Malaysia's top five busiest airports. The airport, located close to the border of Brunei Darussalam, is an important gateway to the Northern Region of Sarawak and serves as a hub for interior air services. Miri Airport is the third busiest airport in Malaysia, in terms of aircraft movements and the fifth busiest in terms of passengers handled. Miri Airport receives flights from domestic destinations like Kuala Lumpur, Johor Bahru, Penang, Kuala Terengganu, Kota Kinabalu, Labuan, Kuching and many other towns throughout Sarawak. It also has direct international air link to Singapore via AirAsia. Miri Airport is a major hub for the regional airline, MASwings to provide connecting flights to isolated communities in the interior. MASwings has its head office at Jalan Airport in Miri.
Miri Port Authority is an important feeder port that links Sarawak's Northern Region's trade to the rest of the world. It is a key player in the development of trade for not only Sarawak's economy but also Malaysia as a whole.
Miri is often called the northern gateway to Sarawak and is one of the state's most important tourist attractions. It is surrounded by five world-class national parks: Mount Mulu, Niah, Lambir Hills, Loagan Bunut and Miri-Sibuti Coral Reef National Park.
Gunung Mulu National Park
The Gunung Mulu National Park is a certified UNESCO World Heritage Site and boasts the world's largest natural cave chamber, the Sarawak Chamber. The National Park encompasses caves and karst formations in a mountainous equatorial rainforest setting. The park is famous for its caves and the expeditions that have been mounted to explore them and their surrounding rainforest, most notably the Royal Geographical Society Expedition of 1977–1978, which saw over 100 scientists in the field for 15 months. This initiated a series of over 20 expeditions now drawn together as the Mulu Caves Project. The national park is named after Mount Mulu, the second highest mountain in Sarawak.
Niah National Park
Niah Caves in Niah National Park is an important archaeological and historical site, as one of the oldest human remains in Southeast Asia was found here. The cave is an important prehistorical site where human remains dating to 40,000 years have been found. This is the oldest recorded human settlement in east Malaysia. The caves are also well known for the birds' nest (Swiftlet) industry. It is a popular tourist destination in Sarawak.
Lambir Hills National Park
Lambir Hills National Park is located 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of Miri It contains very diverse species of flora and fauna and is ranked as the 12th mega-biodiverse site in the world. The park has Sarawak's largest natural lake. There is also the recently gazetted Miri-Sibuti Marine National Park, which has coral reefs and diverse marine life.
Loagan Bunut National Park
Loagan Bunut National Park is a national park located 130 km from Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia, on the Borneo island. The park was named after the Loagan Bunut lake nearby, which is connected to Sungai Bunut (sungai is Malay for river), Sungai Baram and Sungai Tinjar. This park occupies a space of 100 km2 (39 sq mi) and is well known for its rich biodiversity and unique aquatic ecosystem. The national park was gazetted on 1 January 1990 and it was opened to public on 29 August 1991.
Miri-Sibuti Coral Reef National Park
The Miri-Sibuti Coral Reef National Park in the clear waters off Miri's coast are an exciting and accessible diving destination. It is one of Malaysia’s most recently discovered diving locations and the largest offshore national park created in the state of Sarawak. The marine national park covering an area of 186,930ha, have more than 28 reefs between Miri and Sibuti area. The depths ranging from 7 to 30 metres has an average visibility of 10 to 30 metres. There are also some interesting wreck dives. The best time to dive is from late March through November each year. The diversity and accessibility of corals and other marine life on the reefs is amongst the best in the region. Popular diving sites includes Luconia Area, Anemone Garden, Grouper Patch Reef, Atago Maru Wreck and Seafan Garden
Miri opened a petroleum museum to preserve the city's roots as an oil and gas city. Being the first oil well in Malaysia, the Grand Old Lady was built in 1910. The Petroleum Museum was built at the site of "The Grand Old Lady", Miri's first producing rig and is situated at Canada Hill with a view of Miri and the coast. With the support from Petronas and Shell Malaysia, an ‘Earth Breaking Ceremony' was formally done by YB Tan Sri Dr. George Chan on 25 April 2003. The concept of the Museum is interactive-oriented which enable visitors to interact with the advanced devices. Visitors may also enjoy the exhibitions and view the entire artefact displayed.
Niah Archaeology Museum
Niah Archaeology Museum is situated close to the archaeology sites of the Niah Cave, in Miri Division. Niah Cave in Niah National Park is an important prehistorical site where human remains dating to 40,000 years have been found. This Museum exhibits the pre-historical artefacts and culture of the area. The public are also able to see the display of the way of life of the people which inhabited Niah Cave thousands of years ago.
Baram Regional Museum
The Baram Regional Museum was officially opened in 1997. It is housed at Fort Hose, which stands on the top of the hill overlooking the Baram River. The Fort was built in 1898 and was burnt down in 1994. It was rebuilt on the exact site according to its original design and architecture and later on upon its completion it was declared officially as a museum. The exhibits in this Museum comprise historical and cultural artefacts belonging to the various ethnic groups living in the area. Also on display are their economic and other general activities.
The Miri Golf Club
The very idyllic Miri Golf Club is set among the rustic surroundings of a Malay Kampung (Village) on top of a picturesque sand bar between the Miri River and the South China Sea, separation by the Miri River offers a worry free hideaway and the hustle and bustle of the city is hardly noticed.
Eastwood Valley Golf And Country Club
The international standard golf facility was newly opened for play in 2005, comprises an 18-hole-course designed by the USA-based Nickels Golf Group Ltd of San Francisco, California. It is located about 15 minutes drive from the city.
Tanjong Lobang Beach (Taman Selera)
Miri City's first recreational park and it is very popular with the locals. About 10 minutes drive from the City centre. The open-air seafood centre allows you to enjoy excellent seafood cooked the way you like.
Luak Esplanade Beach
Situated near Kampung Bungai in Bekenu, the beach is about 1 hour drive from Miri.
Miri Bulatan Park
Taman Awam Miri (English: Miri Public Park)
Miri City Fan
A 10.4-hectare (26-acre) park in the heart of the city.
Miri Crocodile Farm(http://www.miricrocodilefarm.com)
The crocodile farm opens everyday of the year, is home to thousands of crocodiles of different species as well as other exotic animals from tropical countries. It is the first and the largest crocodile farm in the northern region of Sarawak. The crocodile farm cum mini zoo is registered and recognised by Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES, Registration No. A-MY-509).
Miri Central Market
Miri Central Market (also known as Miri Open Air Market) located at the centre of Miri Old Town, offers a wide choices of local food whose recipes which have been passed on for generations. Popular local delicacies such as "Miri curry rice" , "Open air kolo mee" , chicken porridge and fried kway teow can be found here.
Saberkas Weekend Market
Located at Sarbekas Commercial Center, this weekend night market opens in the late afternoon every Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays. There are over 170 stalls in the Saberkas Weekend Market which sell vegetables, fruits, sea products, drinks, satay, grilled fish, BBQ chicken wings and other products such as local handicrafts, clothes as well as used magazines at reasonable prices.
Miri Handicraft Centre
Borneo Jazz Festival (http://jazzborneo.com/)
The Borneo Jazz Festival was mooted in 2006 with the vision of being the leading tourism-driven music festival in the region as well as to increase visitor arrivals to Miri and the northern region in Sarawak. As such, it is aimed to give visitors a fun-filled and entertaining experience while at the same time showcasing Miri's cosmopolitan characteristics. Jazz lovers around the world would definitely have a great time enjoying renowned jazz performances by international jazz artistes.
Asia Music Festival (http://asiamusicfestival.net/)
Organized by Sarawak Tourism Board, supported by the Ministry of Tourism Malaysia and Ministry of Tourism Sarawak and endorsed by Tourism Malaysia. The Asia Music Festival (AMF) is a 2-day musical event featuring artistes and musicians from Asian countries namely from India, Korea, Indonesia, Brunei Philippines and Malaysia. AMF promotes music, art and culture of Asian countries and has a vision to become the iconic musical event for Sarawak and the region. This festival promises the most electrifying eclectic mix of live music on stage comprising bands from the Asian region.
Miri Country Music Fest (http://miricountrymusic.com/)
Held for the first time, the festival is supported by Parkcity Everly Hotel, the US Embassy, Planet Borneo Travel and Tours Services, Sarawak Tourism Board and Curtin University Sarawak. It is also endorsed by Miri City Council. It is the first ever country music festival in the region. Various interesting programmes had been lined up for the music fest and this include the country music concert, games and competition for adults and children, line-dance and drum workshops, country music workshops and food stalls.
Miri May Fest
Various entertainment programmes, promotions sales, sport, cultural, recreational, social activities which are organised by various government agencies, NGOs, social clubs and commercial houses at various locations in Miri throughout the month of May under the banner of Miri May Fest. Miri City Council has obtained various records in Malaysia Book of Records for this celebration.
Miri City Day Celebration
This event is to celebrate the date Miri attained city status. It has been celebrated since 2005.
Gong Xi Fa Cai Bazaar
An annual bazaar selling all kind of goods and products for the Chinese New Year celebration. The open air bazaar is set up along the High Street and Jalan Raja. Gong Xi Fa Cai Bazaar encompasses a wide range of items put on sale at stalls setup by the Chinese and other communities. Various entertainment programmes including live band performances will be performed during this period.
International Dance For Humanity
Non-stop dancing event participated by various different dance troupes/groups from many regions of the world! Malaysian Red Crescent, Miri Chapter has been organizing this event since 2004 known as the 'Dance for Humanity' to promote understanding through cultural dances. Local dancing troupes representing various social, ethnic and cultural groups have been giving us enthusiastic participation to showcase their performance, which in itself is a great edu-entertainment. The overwhelming support and popularity of the event has prompted the Chapter to organize this year's event on a larger scale to include participation from international community by upgrading the event as the International Dance For Humanity'.
916 Malaysia Day Countdown Cum Street Party
The Street Party displays the passion of Mirians towards our love to the Country through participating in various outdoor sport events and the highlight is the street party complete with varied entertainment which runs beyond midnight. This annual event has attracted participation from locals and the visitors and the Party is an upcoming tourism attraction.
Miri City International Deep Sea Fishing Tournament (http://www.mirianglersclub.com)
This event is held in Miri offshore water – Luconia Shoals that attracts international anglers from China, Singapore, Hong Kong, Brunei as well as Malaysia.
Miri City Christmas Parade
An event that has received strong support from the local community since 2008. Starting point at Miri City Fan Jalan Kipas, Miri. The route of parade covers main streets in Miri City Centre. A combined effort of all churches in Miri and Miri City Council to celebrate this jovial festive occasion with the aim of promoting it as one of the signature events
The Chinese Primary Schools:
Islamic Primary Schools:
National Primary Schools:
Chinese Secondary Schools:
Islamic Secondary Schools:
National Secondary Schools:
Private and international schools
Hospitals in Miri city are listed below:
Television Stations FTA
|TV1||E10v / 10 kW / 55kWe|
|TV2||E12v / 10 kW / 55kWe|
Radio Station 
|87.7 MHz||Sinar FM|
|88.1 MHz||Sarawak FM|
|88.9 MHz||TraXX FM|
|89.9 MHz||Ai FM|
|90.7 MHz||RTM Red Fm|
|91.0 MHz||RTB Pelangi Fm|
|91.9 MHz||Klasik Nasional FM|
|92.7 MHz||RTM Nasional FM|
|93.3 MHz||Cats FM|
|93.8 MHz||RTB Nasional Fm|
|94.9 MHz||RTB Rangkaian Nur Islam|
|95.7 MHz||Miri FM|
|96.9 MHz||RTB Pilihan FM|
|97.7 MHz||RTB Harmoni Fm|
|98.0 MHz||Miri FM|
|98.7 MHz||Kristal Fm|
|99.3 MHz||RTM Nasional FM|
|99.7 MHz||Kristal Radio, Recitation of al-Quran|
|100.3 MHz||Sarawak FM|
|101.3 MHz||era Fm|
|102.4 MHz||Melody FM (Malaysia)|
|103.2 MHz||MY FM|
|104.5 MHz||TraXX FM|
|105.3 MHz||Ai FM|
|106.3 MHz||RTM Red FM|
|107.1 MHz||Klasik Nasional FM|
1. Zee Avi, international singer and ukelele player.
2. Shaun Maloney, Scottish national football player.
3. Taib Mahmud, Sarawak's fourth Chief Minister.
4. Joseph Kalang Tie, Sarawak FA football player.
5. George Chan Hong Nam, Sarawak's former deputy chief minister.
6. Wee Han Wen, First chairman of the Miri City Commission.
7. Natasha Seatter, Malaysian Racing driver.
8. Vijay Singh, was the Resident Golf Pro at Miri Golf Club at the early start of his career.
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