|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2014)|
Map of the Philippines with Misamis Oriental highlighted
|Region||Northern Mindanao (Region X)|
|Capital||Cagayan de Oro|
|• Governor||Yevgeny Vicente B. Emano (NP)|
|• Vice Governor||Jose Mari G. Pelaez (UNA)|
|• Total||3,131.52 km2 (1,209.09 sq mi)|
|Area rank||43rd out of 81|
|Excluding Cagayan de Oro|
|• Rank||30th out of 81|
|• Density||260/km2 (670/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||30th out of 81|
|Excluding Cagayan de Oro|
|• Independent cities||1|
|• Component cities||2|
including independent cities: 504
|• Districts||1st and 2nd Districts of Misamis Oriental
including independent cities: 1st and 2nd Districts of Cagayan de Oro City
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|ZIP code||9000 to 9025|
|ISO 3166 code||PH-MSR|
|Spoken languages||Cebuano, Filipino, English|
Misamis Oriental (Cebuano: Sidlakang Misamis, Tagalog: Silangang Misamis) is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro City, which is governed independently from the province.
Located in Northern Mindanao, the province borders Iligan City and the province of Bukidnon to the south, Agusan del Norte to the east and Lanao del Norte to the west. On the north is the Bohol Sea with the island-province of Camiguin just off its northern coast. Misamis Oriental occupies a total land area of 3,131.52 square kilometres (1,209.09 sq mi). When Cagayan de Oro City is included for geographical purposes, the province's land area is 3,544.32 square kilometres (1,368.47 sq mi).
Misamis Oriental is subdivided into 23 municipalities and 2 component cities. Cagayan de Oro City, the capital, is a highly urbanized city that is geographically within the province but governs itself independently from it.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (February 2014)|
The earliest known settlers of the territory were the Negritos. Centuries later, Austronesian colonists fought the natives for the control of the rich coastal plains by the Cagayan River, and the Visayans won the struggle for possession over the Bukidnons.
In the 16th century, most of Mindanao was under the control of Muslims, and the inhabitants were converted into Islam. As part of Mindanao, the people of the territory were obliged to pay tribute to Muslim rulers.
Legislative Act. No. 3537 approved on 2 November 1929, divided the province of Misamis into two due to the lack of geographic contiguity. It was not until ten years later on 28 November 1939 that the division between Misamis Oriental and Misamis Occidental was implemented by Act. No. 3777. When Misamis Oriental separated, Don Gregorio Pelaez became its first governor.
In 1942, at the onset of World War II in the Philippines, Japanese soldiers landed in Misamis Oriental to occupy the region. Combined American and Philippine Commonwealth forces along with recognised guerrilla fighters liberated Misamis Oriental in 1945.
In May 2014 it was reported that an area in Barangay Lapad in Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental, in northern Mindinao, was declared a heritage site. Oyster fossils older than 200,000 years were discovered, according to Balita Pilipinas. Property owner, Raul Ilogon, told Balita Pilipinas that they had been seeing the fossils for 20 years thinking that they were ordinary rocks.
|Population census of Misamis Oriental|
|Excluding Cagayan de Oro City
Source: National Statistics Office
The province is host to industries such as agricultural, forest, steel, metal, chemical, mineral, rubber and food processing. It is home to the 30 square kilometre PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate and the Mindanao International Container Port, all in Tagoloan. Del Monte Philippines, which exports pineapples all over the Asia-Pacific region, has a processing plant in Cagayan de Oro.
On January 10, 2008, Hanjin Heavy Industries and Construction Company of South Korea inked a contract to build a $2 billion shipyard building complex at Villanueva, Misamis Oriental with the PHIVIDEC Industrial Authority. It is bigger than Hanjin's $1 billion shipyard complex in Subic, Olongapo City which will hire 20,000 Filipinos to manufacture ship parts. The Philippine government declared the 441.8-hectare project site an economic zone (part of 3,000-hectare industrial estate managed by PHIVIDEC).
Misamis Oriental is home to many natural scenic spots that attracts millions of tourists annually.
Members of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan:
Governors of Misamis Oriental:
1 - Appointed
2 - Acting Capacity
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||Bohol Sea, Camiguin|
|Misamis Occidental / Iligan Bay||Agusan del Norte|
|Lanao del Norte||Bukidnon||Agusan del Sur|