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MRJ 70 / MRJ 90
ILA 2010 Samstag 250.JPG
MRJ display model at ILA 2010
Role Regional jet
National origin Japan
Manufacturer Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Designer Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation
First flight 2015 (Planned)
Introduction 2017[1][2]
Status Assembly
Primary user All Nippon Airways
*(Operated by ANA Wings)
Trans States Holdings
SkyWest, Inc.
Unit cost
US$42 million[3]

The Mitsubishi Regional Jet (MRJ) is a regional jet aircraft seating 70–90 passengers manufactured by Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation, a partnership between majority owner Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Toyota Motor Corporation[4] with design assistance from Toyota affiliate Fuji Heavy Industries, already a manufacturer of aircraft. The project is in early manufacturing as of September 30, 2010[5] with its maiden flight scheduled for 2015. It will be the first airliner designed and produced in Japan since the NAMC YS-11 of the 1960s.

Design and development[edit]

The MRJ will be the launch platform for Pratt & Whitney's PW1000G Geared Turbofan engine.[6] The aircraft was initially expected to be the first regional jet aircraft to adopt carbon fiber composite materials for its airframe on a significant scale.[7] However, in a design turn-around in September, 2009, Mitsubishi announced that it would use aluminium for its wing box instead of composite material.[8] Carbon composite parts will now make up only 10-15% of the aircraft, mostly around the tail section. This change brought increase in the cabin height by 1.5in (3.8 cm) to 80.5in (204 cm) and fuselage height increase to 116.5in (296 cm). This gave the MRJ a rounder cabin, which is wider and higher than its competing aircraft manufactured by Bombardier and Embraer.[9]

A cabin mockup and a scale model were presented at the 47th Paris Air Show in June 2007.[7] The company has decided to formally offer the aircraft for sale to potential customers.[10] Production is planned to begin in 2012.[11] The first flight was scheduled after the design was finalized to take place in the second quarter of 2012, but was delayed to 2013,[12] and then further delayed to spring 2014 due to delays in the procurement of engines.[13] Likewise the first delivery was planned to take place in the first quarter of 2014,[14] but was delayed to mid to late 2016.[13]

In August 2013, Mitsubishi announced a third major delay to the program, and that the first flight would take place by summer 2015 while the first delivery would take place by summer 2017. Delays in the procurement of the Pratt & Whitney engines and other components were cited as the cause of this delay.[15]

In September 2013, after announcing the third delay to the MRJ program, Mitsubishi publicly displayed a prototype MRJ fuselage, including cockpit enclosure, and announced that it would hire foreign pilots and technicians to serve as consultants as the program progressed to safety testing and regulatory approvals.[16]

All Nippon Airways is the first customer, with an order for 15 MRJ 90s and an option for 10 more.[17]

On 15 September 2010, the Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation announced that it had entered the production drawing phase and continues to proceed with the manufacturing process.[18] Assembly of the first aircraft began in April 2011 with construction of the emergency escape for the cockpit.[19]

A new production facility for the aircraft will be built at Komaki Airport in Nagoya, Japan, on land purchased from the government at a total cost of 60 billion yen. Production at this plant is expected to commence in fiscal year 2016, with the new plant producing 10 aircraft per month and employing 2,000 workers.[20] Mitsubishi announced in June 2013 that it would establish a quality control facility in Illinois for the sourcing of MRJ components from the United States.[21] First pictures of a fully assembled test aircraft was published on June 26, 2014 [1].

Variants[edit]

Four versions are planned using two different fuselage lengths. The MRJ70 will have a passenger capacity of 70-80 and the MRJ90 will have a passenger capacity of 86-96.

In March 2008, and again in October 2008, Sankei Shimbun and Fuji Sankei Business I reported that the government of Japan would buy ten MRJs to serve as short-haul and small-field VIP transports, supplementing the existing Japanese Air Force One Boeing 747 aircraft.[22] The government was still considering this option as of July 2013, with MRJs possibly supplementing new Boeing 777 long-haul VIP transports, according to the Nihon Keizai Shimbun.[23]

At the Farnborough International Airshow July 2012, SkyWest agreed to buy 100 MRJ90's, to be delivered between 2017 and 2020. The deal is worth $4.2bn at list prices.

During the 2013 Regional Airlines Association conference, held in Montreal, Canada, Mitsubishi announced that ANI Group Holdings, which firmed a MoU for 5 MRJ aircraft in June 2011, cancelled the deal, without giving further details.[24]

Orders[edit]

MRJ and its specifications
Date Airline / Purchaser EIS Type Remarks
MRJ70 MRJ90 Options
27 March 2008 All Nippon Airways[25] 2017[26] 15 10 Operated by ANA Wings.
2 October 2009 Trans States Holdings[27] 2017 50 50
16 June 2011 ANI Group Holdings[28] 2016 (5) 0 Lessor; MoU, deal cancelled[24]
11 July 2012 SkyWest, Inc.[29][30] 2017 100 100
14 July 2014 Eastern Airlines[31] 2019 20 20* *Purchase right(MoU)
14 July 2014 Air Mandalay[32] 2018 6 4
Total 0 191 184

Gallery[edit]

Specifications[edit]

MRJ 70STD MRJ 70ER MRJ 70LR MRJ 90STD MRJ 90ER MRJ 90LR
Passengers 78 (29" seat pitch) 92 (29" seat pitch)
Length 33.4 m (109.6 ft) 35.8 m (117.4 ft)
Wing span 29.2 m (95.9 ft) 29.2 m (95.9 ft)
Tail height 10.5 m (34.4 ft) 10.5 m (34.4 ft)
Max takeoff weight 36,850 kg (81,240 lb) 38,995 kg (85,969 lb) 40,200 kg (88,626 lb) 39,600 kg (87,303 lb) 40,995 kg (90,378 lb) 42,800 kg (94,358 lb)
Max landing weight 36,200 kg (79,807 lb) 38,000 kg (83,776 lb)
Empty weight 21,700 kg ? (47,800 lb) 22,600 kg ? (49,800 lb)
Max range 1,530 km (820 nmi) 2,730 km (1470 nmi) 3,380 km (1820 nmi) 1,670 km (900 nmi) 2,400 km (1,290 nmi) 3,310 km (1,780 nmi)
Typical cruise speed Mach 0.78 (515 mph, 828 km/h) max. 0.82 (563 mph, 906 km/h)
Takeoff field length (MTOW,SL,ISA) 1,450 m (4,760 ft) 1,620 m (5,320 ft) 1,720 m (5,650 ft) 1,490 m (4,890 ft) 1,600 m (5,250 ft) 1,740 m (5,710 ft)
Landing field length (MLW,Dry) 1,430 m (4,700 ft) 1,480 m (4,860 ft)
Cabin Height 2.01 m (79.1 in.)
Cabin Width 2.76 m (108.5 in.)
Powerplants (2x) Pratt & Whitney PW1217G
Engine thrust 69.3 kN (15,600 lbf) × 2 78.2 kN (17,600 lbf) × 2

Sources: MRJ[33]

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MRJ Program Schedule Announcement". Retrieved 2013-08-23. 
  2. ^ "Japan’s regional jet project delayed to 2017". Retrieved 2013-08-23. 
  3. ^ Tabuchi, Hiroko (9 April 2013). "Japan Joins the Jet Age by Making Its Own Plane". The New York Times. 
  4. ^ Toyota to sink $67.2 mln in Mitsubishi passenger jet, China Economic Net, May 23, 2008[dead link]
  5. ^ "MHI Commences Mitsubishi Regional Jet Manufacturing". Mrj-japan.com. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  6. ^ "(includes drawing of MRJ)". Flightglobal.com. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  7. ^ a b "E-Composites, Inc. for Market Reports, News and Business Solutions". E-composites.com. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  8. ^ Polek, Gregory. "Mitsubishi To Delay MRJ First Flight". Aviation International News. Retrieved 10 September 2009. 
  9. ^ Siva Govindasamy (9 September 2009). "AA09: Mitsubishi unveils major changes to MRJ programme". Flightglobal. Retrieved 10 September 2009. 
  10. ^ "Japan International Aerospace Exhibition". Japanaerospace.jp. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  11. ^ Boeing to team up with Mitsubishi for Japanese jetliner - USATODAY.com[dead link]
  12. ^ http://www.mrj-japan.com/press_releases/news_120425.html
  13. ^ a b "MRJ初飛行また延期 三菱重、受注に影響も". 日本経済新聞. 25 July 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  14. ^ http://www.mrj-japan.com/pdf/090909final_mrj_configuration_e.pdf
  15. ^ "国産小型旅客機「MRJ」、3度目の納入延期 三菱航空機、17年夏前に". 日本経済新聞. 22 August 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  16. ^ "三菱航空機、MRJの機体一部を初公開". 日本経済新聞. 7 September 2013. Retrieved 9 September 2013. 
  17. ^ ANA Selects Mitsubishi Regional Jet[dead link]
  18. ^ "Mitsubishi Aircraft Proceeds With MRJ Manufacturing Phase". Nagoya: Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation. 2010-09-15. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  19. ^ "Mitsubishi Regional Jet starts assembly". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. 5 April 2011. Archived from the original on 5 April 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  20. ^ "三菱重工、MRJ新工場に600億円 月産10機目標". 日本経済新聞. 24 January 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  21. ^ "MRJ、米に品質管理拠点 15年納入へ開発急ぐ". 日本経済新聞. 20 June 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  22. ^ http://febnet.cocolog-nifty.com/column/2008/10/10-4420.html and http://ameblo.jp/airnews/entry-10153477253.html
  23. ^ "政府専用機「777」軸に後継検討 燃費の良さ重視". 日本経済新聞. 19 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  24. ^ a b Edward Russel (May 7, 2013). "Mitsubishi and ANI cancel MOU for MRJs". Flightglobal. 
  25. ^ "ANA Selects Mitsubishi Regional Jet - firm order for 15 aircraft with 10 options". 
  26. ^ http://ajw.asahi.com/article/economy/business/AJ201309090073
  27. ^ "Trans States firms up order for up to 100 MRJs". 
  28. ^ "Paris 2011: Mitsubishi Lands Third Customer for MRJ". 
  29. ^ "Mitsubishi Wins SkyWest Jet Sale In Blow To Bombardier". Bloomberg. 
  30. ^ Flightglobal (ed.). "SkyWest firms deal for 100 MRJ90s". 
  31. ^ "FARNBOROUGH: Eastern Air Lines signs for 20 MRJ90s". Bloomberg. 
  32. ^ "Air Mandalay Signs Definitive Agreement for Purchase of up to Ten MRJ Aircraft~ MRJ value recognized in growing Asian market ~". Bloomberg. 
  33. ^ http://www.mrj-japan.com/characteristics.html

External links[edit]

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