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Mohamed Boudiaf - محمد بوضياف
Mohamed Boudiaf - محمد بوضياف
Published: 2013/06/29
Channel: Rédha BOURABA
L
L'assassinat du président Mohamed Boudiaf 29-06-1992
Published: 2012/06/28
Channel: algeria forever
ce que pense Mohamed Boudiaf de l
ce que pense Mohamed Boudiaf de l'armée Algérienne
Published: 2016/01/18
Channel: Mohamed Ahmed Houcine 厚斯勒
ALGÉRIE 1992:Le président BOUDIAF était l
ALGÉRIE 1992:Le président BOUDIAF était l'invité de l'émission "La Marche du Siècle"
Published: 2012/06/30
Channel: Rusuccuru
Mohamed Boudiaf (1919-1992) - continued
Mohamed Boudiaf (1919-1992) - continued
Published: 2012/01/13
Channel: Wb87Alg
Interview de Mohamed Boudiaf  "La Marche du siècle" du 18 mars 1992.
Interview de Mohamed Boudiaf "La Marche du siècle" du 18 mars 1992.
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: BOUDIAF Nacer
BRAHIM ZEKRI :TÉMOIN OCULAIRE DE L
BRAHIM ZEKRI :TÉMOIN OCULAIRE DE L'ASSASSINAT DE BOUDIAF
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: Canalnaf Télévison
محمد بوضياف رحمة الله عليه    فيديو نادر ؟ mohamed boudiaf video rare
محمد بوضياف رحمة الله عليه فيديو نادر ؟ mohamed boudiaf video rare
Published: 2017/09/30
Channel: hakimovitch hakim
MOHAMED BOUDIAF  QUIDNAPE PAR BEN BELLA      محمد بوضياف  أختطف من طرف احمد بن بلة
MOHAMED BOUDIAF QUIDNAPE PAR BEN BELLA محمد بوضياف أختطف من طرف احمد بن بلة
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: hakimovitch hakim
Mohamed Boudiaf  parle de la crise de l´été 1962
Mohamed Boudiaf parle de la crise de l´été 1962
Published: 2012/10/02
Channel: Hadjout Marengo
Discours du Président Boudiaf  à la centrale syndicale de l
Discours du Président Boudiaf à la centrale syndicale de l'UGTA. 24 02 1992.
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: BOUDIAF Nacer
autopsie d une tragedie BOUDIAF
autopsie d une tragedie BOUDIAF
Published: 2012/06/23
Channel: Djamel Djamel
ALgérie : analyse de ( ALgerien_Libre ) sur la video mohamed boudiaf معركة _تحرير_ داك_ الشي
ALgérie : analyse de ( ALgerien_Libre ) sur la video mohamed boudiaf معركة _تحرير_ داك_ الشي
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: L'Algérie n'est pas arabe
هذه حياتي في منزل محمد بوضياف الجزء الأول 25/11/2015 Hadi Hayati Mohamed Boudiaf
هذه حياتي في منزل محمد بوضياف الجزء الأول 25/11/2015 Hadi Hayati Mohamed Boudiaf
Published: 2015/11/25
Channel: DZ Tube3
VTS 02 1
VTS 02 1
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: BOUDIAF Nacer
Necer boudiaf: " ce sont Nezzar et Toufik qui ont tué mon père "
Necer boudiaf: " ce sont Nezzar et Toufik qui ont tué mon père "
Published: 2016/03/26
Channel: Le saviez-vous? Kabylie
Témoignage de Mr. Boudiaf Mohamed concernant la révolution Algérienne
Témoignage de Mr. Boudiaf Mohamed concernant la révolution Algérienne
Published: 2015/02/22
Channel: BOUDIAF Nacer
24 ans après : Qui a assassiné le Président Mohamed Boudiaf?
24 ans après : Qui a assassiné le Président Mohamed Boudiaf?
Published: 2016/07/09
Channel: Almagharibia Tamazight
Il etait une fois....Mohamed Boudiaf.
Il etait une fois....Mohamed Boudiaf.
Published: 2010/12/24
Channel: fafmustaqbal
Conférence de presse ENTV MBC APS
Conférence de presse ENTV MBC APS
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: BOUDIAF Nacer
Mort en direct du prèsident Algérien Mohamed Boudiaf
Mort en direct du prèsident Algérien Mohamed Boudiaf
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: RAKOUM MHA BENI SAF
Mohamed Boudiaf (1919-1992)
Mohamed Boudiaf (1919-1992)
Published: 2012/01/10
Channel: Wb87Alg
mort en direct d
mort en direct d'un prèsident algerien mohamed boudiaf
Published: 2011/10/09
Channel: chakroune mohamed
Interview de Mohamed Boudiaf - Février 1992
Interview de Mohamed Boudiaf - Février 1992
Published: 2012/06/24
Channel: djalilipa
LOTFI DK  / Mohamed Boudiaf
LOTFI DK / Mohamed Boudiaf
Published: 2016/06/29
Channel: Lotfi DK
Boudiaf  Vs   l
Boudiaf Vs l'Association des oulémas musulmans
Published: 2015/06/15
Channel: TheVirtualthug
Assassinat de Mohamed Boudiaf - 25 ans jour pour jour, son fils témoigne
Assassinat de Mohamed Boudiaf - 25 ans jour pour jour, son fils témoigne
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: Algérie Documentaire
zaidi el batni - mohamed boudiaf
zaidi el batni - mohamed boudiaf
Published: 2010/11/09
Channel: Vidéo chaoui
Les Responsables de L
Les Responsables de L'assassinat Du Président Algérien -MOHAMED Boudiaf - SELON L3A9ID LAHBIB
Published: 2011/06/29
Channel: Maya dZ
mohamed boudiaf .. on t
mohamed boudiaf .. on t'oublira jamais !
Published: 2013/11/09
Channel: mounir harbi
RACHID NEKKAZ Avec LE FILS DE MOHAMED BOUDIAF رشيد نكاز مع نجل الرئيس الجزائري الراحل محمد بوضياف
RACHID NEKKAZ Avec LE FILS DE MOHAMED BOUDIAF رشيد نكاز مع نجل الرئيس الجزائري الراحل محمد بوضياف
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: TGV DONIA
Hommage à Mohamed Boudiaf "El Djazairia TV"
Hommage à Mohamed Boudiaf "El Djazairia TV"
Published: 2013/06/30
Channel: El Djazairia TV CHANNEL
Président Boudiaf remis la coupe d’Algérie 1992 , 4 jours avant son assassinat
Président Boudiaf remis la coupe d’Algérie 1992 , 4 jours avant son assassinat
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: Chouaib Kahoul
Nasser Boudiaf donne des détails sur l
Nasser Boudiaf donne des détails sur l'assassinat de son père en 1992
Published: 2014/03/28
Channel: CHANNEL ALGERIE
Boudiaf premier discours à la nation du 16 JANVIER 1992.
Boudiaf premier discours à la nation du 16 JANVIER 1992.
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: BOUDIAF Nacer
Algerie La raison De L
Algerie La raison De L'assassinat De Boudiaf ???? FLN !!!!
Published: 2015/03/18
Channel: KHATIR 28 DZW
Il y a vingt ans, le Président Mohamed Boudiaf était assassiné par le système-DRS [Arabe]
Il y a vingt ans, le Président Mohamed Boudiaf était assassiné par le système-DRS [Arabe]
Published: 2012/06/29
Channel: DarnaTelevision
mohamed Boudiaf l
mohamed Boudiaf l'arrêt du processus electoral par l'armée
Published: 2016/01/18
Channel: Mohamed Ahmed Houcine 厚斯勒
Mohamed Boudiaf  (1919-1992) L
Mohamed Boudiaf (1919-1992) L'Algérie avant tout ..الجزائر أولا و قبل كل شيء
Published: 2011/03/08
Channel: djalilipa
religion et politique selon mohamed boudiaf
religion et politique selon mohamed boudiaf
Published: 2011/12/03
Channel: algerielaique
hadihi hayati MOHAMED BOUDIAF(partie n01)هده حياتي الرئيس الراحل محمد بوضياف الجزء الاول
hadihi hayati MOHAMED BOUDIAF(partie n01)هده حياتي الرئيس الراحل محمد بوضياف الجزء الاول
Published: 2015/11/26
Channel: Hadihi Hayati
Inédite: Lettre de Mohamed Boudiaf à Hocine Aït-Ahmed (Septembre 1964)
Inédite: Lettre de Mohamed Boudiaf à Hocine Aït-Ahmed (Septembre 1964)
Published: 2015/03/02
Channel: Ath Mansour ⵣ Kabylie ⵣ
hadihi hayati MOHAMED BOUDIAF(partieN;02)..هده حياتي محمد بوضياف الجزء الثاني
hadihi hayati MOHAMED BOUDIAF(partieN;02)..هده حياتي محمد بوضياف الجزء الثاني
Published: 2015/12/02
Channel: Hadihi Hayati
Tentative D
Tentative D'assassinat en direct!
Published: 2013/01/19
Channel: da Netepro
Hommage à Mohamed Boudiaf ... [29 Juin 1992-2011] / Envoyés Spéciaux Algériens
Hommage à Mohamed Boudiaf ... [29 Juin 1992-2011] / Envoyés Spéciaux Algériens
Published: 2012/04/21
Channel: 0032492755986
Mohamed BOUDIAF
Mohamed BOUDIAF
Published: 2013/07/01
Channel: Fatah Ainseri
TÉMOIGNAGE DE MOHAMED BOUDIAF  SUR LA RÉVOLUTION.
TÉMOIGNAGE DE MOHAMED BOUDIAF SUR LA RÉVOLUTION.
Published: 2016/12/27
Channel: BOUDIAF Nacer
assassinat de boudiaf
assassinat de boudiaf
Published: 2009/09/28
Channel: foryou271
براهيم عجامي: محمد بوضياف خائن_brahim Adjami:Mohamed Boudiaf traître -1
براهيم عجامي: محمد بوضياف خائن_brahim Adjami:Mohamed Boudiaf traître -1
Published: 2014/08/13
Channel: Fares BHD
Mohamed Boudiaf, le FIS et l
Mohamed Boudiaf, le FIS et l'extrémisme !
Published: 2013/06/20
Channel: djalilipa
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Mohamed Boudiaf
Le jeun Mohamed Boudiaf.jpg
Chairman of the High Council of State
In office
16 January 1992 – 29 June 1992
Prime Minister Sid Ahmed Ghozali
Preceded by Abdelmalek Benhabyles (Acting)
Succeeded by Ali Kafi
Personal details
Born (1919-06-23)June 23, 1919
Ouled Madhi, M'Sila Province, Algeria
Died June 29, 1992(1992-06-29) (aged 73)
Annaba, Algeria
Political party FLN (1954–1962)
PRS (1962–1992)
Spouse(s) Fatiha Boudiaf

Mohamed Boudiaf (23 June 1919 – 29 June 1992, Arabic: محمد بوضياف‎‎‎; ALA-LC: Muḥammad Bū-Ḍiyāf), also called Si Tayeb el Watani, was an Algerian political leader and one of the founders of the revolutionary National Liberation Front (FLN) that led the Algerian War of Independence (1954–1962).

Early years in the nationalist movement[edit]

Mohamed Boudiaf was born in Ouled Madhi (now in M'Sila Province), French Algeria, to a family of former nobility, which had lost its standing and influence during colonial times. His education was cut short after primary school by poor health (tuberculosis) and his increasing activism in the nascent nationalist movement. A member of the nationalist Parti du Peuple Algérien (PPA) of Messali Hadj, he later joined the successor organization MTLD and its secret paramilitary wing, the Organisation Spéciale (OS). Boudiaf was responsible for organizing the OS network in the Sétif region, storing arms, collecting funds and preparing guerrilla forces. He was sentenced in absentia to 10 years of prison by the French authorities, but avoided arrest.

When Messali decided to dissolve the OS, his rivals combined with stalwarts of the guerrilla strategy to form the CRUA, a breakout committee designed to lay the groundwork for revolutionary war. Boudiaf was among them, after falling out with Messali, whom he accused of authoritarian tendencies. The CRUA - PPA/MTLD rivalry quickly spiralled towards violence, and would continue during the anti-French revolution until the PPA/MTLD (then reorganized as the Mouvement nationale algérien, MNA) was destroyed. In July 1954, the CRUA-aligned Boudiaf survived an assassination attempt by his former comrades-in-arms, wounded and left for dead on an Algiers sidewalk.[1]

Algerian war of independence[edit]

The CRUA re-emerged as the Front de libération nationale, or FLN, which began a nationwide armed insurrection against France on November 1, 1954. Boudiaf was by this time a main leader of the movement, and emerged as an important member of the exiled leadership working from Cairo and Algeria's neighbouring countries. In 1956, he was captured along with Ahmed Ben Bella and several other FLN leaders in a controversial aircraft hijacking by French forces, and imprisoned in France. While prisoner, he was symbolically elected minister in the FLN's government-in-exile, the GPRA, at its creation in 1958, and re-elected in 1960 and 1961. He was not released until immediately before the independence of Algeria in 1962, after a brutal eight-year war that had cost between 350,000 and 1.5 million lives.[2]

After independence: opposition and exile[edit]

On independence, internal conflict racked the FLN, which split into rival factions as French forces withdrew. A military-political alliance between col. Houari Boumédiène of the Armée de Libération Nationale (ALN) and Ahmed Ben Bella, of the exiled leadership, brought down their rivals and set up a single-party state under Ben Bella's presidency.

The increasingly marginalized Boudiaf protested these developments, and founded a clandestine opposition party, the PRS, which briefly revolted against the FLN's single-party government. Boudiaf was forced into exile, and settled in neighbouring Morocco. After Colonel Boumédiène's coup d'état in 1965, Boudiaf remained in opposition, as he did under his successor, Colonel Chadli Bendjedid (in power 1979-92). His PRS group remained intermittently active in its opposition towards the government, but for all intents and purposes, Boudiaf had ceased to be a force of any stature in Algerian politics early on after his exile.

Return as head of state[edit]

Boudiaf few days before his assassination

In February 1992, after a 27-year exile in Kenitra, 15 miles north of Morocco's capital Rabat, the military invited him back to become chairman of the High Council of State (HCE) of Algeria, a figurehead body for the military junta, following the annulment of the election results (see Algerian Civil War). He quickly accepted, and was instantly signed into the post. Publicly, he was presented as a leader exiled for too long to be tainted by the violence and corruption of Algeria's internal post-revolutionary politics, but the downside was that he was little known to most of the Algerian public. However, his calls for comprehensive reform and an end to military domination of politics instilled hope, and he quickly gained some popularity, even if many still associated him with the military clique that effectively ruled Algeria in his name.

Even as head of state, Boudiaf was completely dependent on the forces that had brought him to power, and his powers were circumscribed by the military and security establishment. In addition, the country continued to drift towards civil war, with increasing Islamist violence in the regions surrounding Algiers and brutal military countermeasures both escalating the situation. The political scene remained chaotic, the economy was fraying, and Boudiaf seemed unable to effectively carry out the reforms he had promised.

Assassination and legacy[edit]

On June 29, 1992, Boudiaf's term as HCE chairman was cut short when he was assassinated by a bodyguard during a televised public speech at the opening of a cultural center in Annaba, on his first visit outside Algiers as head of state. The murder caused intense shock in Algeria, and remains a moment of iconic importance in the country's modern history. Boudiaf himself has gained considerably in political stature after his death, and is now referred to by many political commentators as a martyr for Algeria, with many arguing that he could have been the country's savior.

The assassin, Lieutenant Lambarek Boumaarafi, was said to have acted as a lone gunman due to his Islamist sympathies. He was sentenced to death in a closed trial in 1995, but the sentence was not carried out. The murder has, unsurprisingly, been subject to significant controversy and a major magnet for Algerian conspiracy theories, with many suggesting that Boudiaf was in fact assassinated by the military establishment responsible for the coup (and for his installment as HCE chairman). These theories have centered on the fact that Boudiaf had recently initiated a drive against the corruption of the Algerian regime,[3] and stripped several important military officials of their posts.

Boudiaf was survived by his wife, Fatima. She remains insistent that his death has not been properly investigated.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jacques Duchemin, Histoire du F. L. N., Editions Mimouni, Algiers 2006
  2. ^ Horne, Alistair. A Savage War of Peace. p. 538.
  3. ^ Robert Fisk, The Great War For Civilisation; The Conquest of the Middle East (Fourth Estate, 2005), pp. 665-669.

Literature[edit]

  • Achour Cheurfi, La classe politique algérienne, de 1900 à nos jours. Dictionnaire biographique (Casbah Editions, 2nd edition, Algiers 2006)
Political offices
Preceded by
Abdelmalek Benhabyles
Acting

as President of the Republic
Chairman of the High Council of State
1992
Succeeded by
Ali Kafi

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