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L
L'assassinat du président Mohamed Boudiaf 29-06-1992
::2012/06/28::
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Les Responsables de L
Les Responsables de L'assassinat Du Président Algérien -MOHAMED Boudiaf - SELON L3A9ID LAHBIB
::2011/06/29::
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Mohamed Boudiaf dit -Tayeb El-Watani- - dernieres paroles_dernier message
Mohamed Boudiaf dit -Tayeb El-Watani- - dernieres paroles_dernier message
::2011/02/02::
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Mohamed Boudiaf (1919-1992)
Mohamed Boudiaf (1919-1992)
::2012/01/10::
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Il etait une fois....Mohamed Boudiaf.
Il etait une fois....Mohamed Boudiaf.
::2010/12/24::
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mort en direct d
mort en direct d'un prèsident algerien mohamed boudiaf
::2011/10/09::
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ALGÉRIE 1992:Le président BOUDIAF était l
ALGÉRIE 1992:Le président BOUDIAF était l'invité de l'émission "La Marche du Siècle"
::2012/06/30::
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religion et politique selon mohamed boudiaf
religion et politique selon mohamed boudiaf
::2011/12/03::
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Mohamed Boudiaf  parle de la crise de l´été 1962
Mohamed Boudiaf parle de la crise de l´été 1962
::2012/10/02::
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Matoub Lounès Hymne à Boudiaf sous-titré
Matoub Lounès Hymne à Boudiaf sous-titré
::2008/04/08::
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Il y a vingt ans, le Président Mohamed Boudiaf était assassiné par le système-DRS [Arabe]
Il y a vingt ans, le Président Mohamed Boudiaf était assassiné par le système-DRS [Arabe]
::2012/06/29::
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zaidi el batni - mohamed boudiaf
zaidi el batni - mohamed boudiaf
::2010/11/09::
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Hommage à Mohamed Boudiaf "El Djazairia TV"
Hommage à Mohamed Boudiaf "El Djazairia TV"
::2013/06/30::
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Assassinat de Mohamed Boudiaf :Fatiha aljazeera
Assassinat de Mohamed Boudiaf :Fatiha aljazeera
::2011/07/02::
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Aéroport de Constantine - Mohamed Boudiaf
Aéroport de Constantine - Mohamed Boudiaf
::2013/02/16::
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Nasser Boudiaf donne des détails sur l
Nasser Boudiaf donne des détails sur l'assassinat de son père en 1992
::2014/03/28::
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Mohamed Boudiaf (1919-1992) - continued
Mohamed Boudiaf (1919-1992) - continued
::2012/01/12::
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L'Algérie qualification Lycée Mohamed BOUDIAF Réaction 20/11/2013
::2013/11/20::
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Jimmy Oihid hommage a Mohamed Boudiaf
Jimmy Oihid hommage a Mohamed Boudiaf
::2014/06/28::
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Crakage lycée mohamed boudiaf saoula
Crakage lycée mohamed boudiaf saoula
::2014/03/16::
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براهيم عجامي: محمد بوضياف خائن_brahim Adjami:Mohamed Boudiaf traître -1
براهيم عجامي: محمد بوضياف خائن_brahim Adjami:Mohamed Boudiaf traître -1
::2014/08/12::
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Il y a vingt ans, le Président Mohamed Boudiaf était assassiné par le système-DRS
Il y a vingt ans, le Président Mohamed Boudiaf était assassiné par le système-DRS
::2012/06/29::
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Mohamed Boudiaf  (1919-1992) L
Mohamed Boudiaf (1919-1992) L'Algérie avant tout ..الجزائر أولا و قبل كل شيء
::2011/03/07::
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algerie mohamed boudiaf
algerie mohamed boudiaf
::2011/12/17::
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Mohamed Boudiaf - محمد بوضياف
Mohamed Boudiaf - محمد بوضياف
::2013/06/29::
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lycèè mohamed boudiaf tiaret
lycèè mohamed boudiaf tiaret
::2013/12/07::
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Lycée Mohamed Boudiaf Cracrage Mahboul M3a Les Terminal
Lycée Mohamed Boudiaf Cracrage Mahboul M3a Les Terminal
::2013/01/23::
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Mohamed Boudiaf, l
Mohamed Boudiaf, l'histoire d'un destin tragique !!!
::2010/11/14::
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Abdelaziz Bouteflika Meeting de Fin de Campagne à la Coupole Mohamed Boudiaf
Abdelaziz Bouteflika Meeting de Fin de Campagne à la Coupole Mohamed Boudiaf
::2012/10/09::
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Badri Guettaf. Soirée au palais de la culture Mohamed Boudiaf Annaba le 16.07.2014
Badri Guettaf. Soirée au palais de la culture Mohamed Boudiaf Annaba le 16.07.2014
::2014/07/21::
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Air Agérie - Boeing 737-800 7T-VKI - Takeoff from Constantine Mohamed Boudiaf, Algeria [CZL/DABC]
Air Agérie - Boeing 737-800 7T-VKI - Takeoff from Constantine Mohamed Boudiaf, Algeria [CZL/DABC]
::2013/07/13::
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Hommage à Mohamed Boudiaf (20ans Déja !) || ADEL A&A SWEEZY
Hommage à Mohamed Boudiaf (20ans Déja !) || ADEL A&A SWEEZY
::2012/06/28::
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Air Algerie ATR 72-500 PW landing on Mohamed Boudiaf Airport, Constantine (CZL)
Air Algerie ATR 72-500 PW landing on Mohamed Boudiaf Airport, Constantine (CZL)
::2014/08/26::
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Mohamed Boudiaf, le FIS et l
Mohamed Boudiaf, le FIS et l'extrémisme !
::2013/06/20::
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Algérie, Hommage a Notre Cher Président Mr Mohamed Boudiaf :
Algérie, Hommage a Notre Cher Président Mr Mohamed Boudiaf :'(
::2012/06/28::
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La Zone-K - En Général (Rap Algérien) - Hommage à Mohamed Boudiaf (محمد بوضياف)
La Zone-K - En Général (Rap Algérien) - Hommage à Mohamed Boudiaf (محمد بوضياف)
::2011/08/27::
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18 Ans Dèja L
18 Ans Dèja L'Assasinat de Président Algérien Mohamed Boudiaf
::2010/06/29::
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Air Algerie ATR 72-500 PW takeoff from Mohamed Boudiaf Airport, Constantine (CZL)
Air Algerie ATR 72-500 PW takeoff from Mohamed Boudiaf Airport, Constantine (CZL)
::2014/08/26::
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lycee mohamed boudiaf
lycee mohamed boudiaf
::2011/10/12::
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Interview de Mohamed Boudiaf - Février 1992
Interview de Mohamed Boudiaf - Février 1992
::2012/06/23::
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Lycée Mohamed Boudiaf Solo U.B.S.
Lycée Mohamed Boudiaf Solo U.B.S.
::2013/01/23::
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Université de M
Université de M'sila Mohammed Boudiaf BACK TO NATURE
::2013/07/29::
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Université de Mohamed Boudiaf USTO Oran vue du ciel
Université de Mohamed Boudiaf USTO Oran vue du ciel
::2013/06/30::
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Houari Boumedienne to Mohamed Boudiaf (737 FSX)
Houari Boumedienne to Mohamed Boudiaf (737 FSX)
::2008/03/26::
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Un p
Un p'tit tournoi du football 2013 au lycée Mohamed Boudiaf a Tazmalt
::2013/02/01::
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Aéroport Mohamed Boudiaf Constantine Algerie - l
Aéroport Mohamed Boudiaf Constantine Algerie - l'arrivée de Jalal
::2010/05/01::
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ALGERIE temoignage du fils Boudiaf 10 « je sais qui a tué mon per »
ALGERIE temoignage du fils Boudiaf 10 « je sais qui a tué mon per »
::2011/05/14::
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Mohamed BOUDIAF
Mohamed BOUDIAF
::2013/07/01::
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atterrissage Boeing 737-800 air algerie a constantine ( mohamed boudiaf )
atterrissage Boeing 737-800 air algerie a constantine ( mohamed boudiaf )
::2013/08/03::
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bouira hopital ali bouguara bouira eph mohamed boudiaf Catastrophe bouira
bouira hopital ali bouguara bouira eph mohamed boudiaf Catastrophe bouira
::2012/02/10::
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"Boudiaf" redirects here. For the wife of Mohamed Boudiaf, see Fatiha Boudiaf.
Mohamed Boudiaf
Le jeun Mohamed Boudiaf.jpg
Chairman of the High Council of State
In office
16 January 1992 – 29 June 1992
Preceded by Chadli Bendjedid
Succeeded by Ali Kafi
Personal details
Born (1919-06-23)June 23, 1919
Ouled Madhi, M'Sila Province, Algeria
Died June 29, 1992(1992-06-29) (aged 73)
Annaba, Algeria
Political party FLN (1954–1962)
PRS (1962–1992)
Spouse(s) Fatiha Boudiaf
Religion Sunni Islam

Mohamed Boudiaf (23 June 1919 – 29 June 1992, Arabic: محمد بوضياف‎‎; ALA-LC: Muḥammad Bū-Ḍiyāf), also called Si Tayeb el Watani, was an Algerian political leader and one of the founders of the revolutionary National Liberation Front (FLN) that led the Algerian War of Independence (1954–1962).

Early years in the nationalist movement[edit]

Mohamed Boudiaf was born in Ouled Madhi (now in M'Sila Province), French Algeria, to a family of former nobility, which had lost its standing and influence during colonial times. His education was cut short after primary school by poor health (tuberculosis) and his increasing activism in the nascent nationalist movement. A member of the nationalist Parti du Peuple Algérien (PPA) of Messali Hadj, he later joined the successor organization MTLD and its secret paramilitary wing, the Organisation Spéciale (OS). Boudiaf was responsible for organizing the OS network in the Sétif region, storing arms, collecting funds and preparing guerrilla forces. He was sentenced in absentia to 10 years of prison by the French authorities, but avoided arrest.

When Messali decided to dissolve the OS, his rivals combined with stalwarts of the guerrilla strategy to form the CRUA, a breakout committee designed to lay the groundwork for revolutionary war. Boudiaf was among them, after falling out with Messali, whom he accused of authoritarian tendencies. The CRUA - PPA/MTLD rivalry quickly spiralled towards violence, and would continue during the anti-French revolution until the PPA/MTLD (then reorganized as the Mouvement nationale algérien, MNA) was destroyed. In July 1954, the CRUA-aligned Boudiaf survived an assassination attempt by his former comrades-in-arms, wounded and left for dead on an Algiers sidewalk.[1]

Algerian war of independence[edit]

The CRUA re-emerged as the Front de libération nationale, or FLN, which began a nation-wide armed insurrection against France on November 1, 1954. Boudiaf was by this time a main leader of the movement, and emerged as an important member of the exiled leadership working from Cairo and Algeria's neighbouring countries. In 1956, he was captured along with Ahmed Ben Bella and several other FLN leaders in a controversial aircraft hijacking by French forces, and imprisoned in France. While prisoner, he was symbolically elected minister in the FLN's government-in-exile, the GPRA, at its creation in 1958, and re-elected in 1960 and 1961. He was not released until immediately before the independence of Algeria in 1962, after a brutal eight-year war that had cost between 350,000 and 1.5 million lives.[2]

After independence: opposition and exile[edit]

On independence, internal conflict racked the FLN, which split into rival factions as French forces withdrew. A military-political alliance between col. Houari Boumédiène of the Armée de Libération Nationale (ALN) and Ahmed Ben Bella, of the exiled leadership, brought down their rivals and set up a single-party state under Ben Bella's presidency.

The increasingly marginalized Boudiaf protested these developments, and founded a clandestine opposition party, the PRS, which briefly revolted against the FLN's single-party government. Boudiaf was forced into exile, and settled in neighbouring Morocco. After col. Boumédiène's coup d'état in 1965, Boudiaf remained in opposition, as he did under his successor, col. Chadli Bendjedid (in power 1979-92). His PRS group remained intermittently active in its opposition towards the government, but for all intents and purposes, Boudiaf had ceased to be a force of any stature in Algerian politics early on after his exile.

Return as head of state[edit]

Boudiaf few days before his assassination

In February 1992, after a 27-year exile in Kenitra, 15 miles north of Morocco's capital Rabat, the military invited him back to become chairman of the High Council of State (HCE) of Algeria, a figurehead body for the military junta, following the annulment of the election results (see Algerian Civil War). He quickly accepted, and was instantly signed into the post. Publicly, he was presented as a leader exiled for too long to be tainted by the violence and corruption of Algeria's internal post-revolutionary politics, but the downside was that he was little known to most of the Algerian public. However, his calls for comprehensive reform and an end to military domination of politics instilled hope, and he quickly gained some popularity, even if many still associated him with the military clique that effectively ruled Algeria in his name.

Even as head of state, Boudiaf was completely dependent on the forces that had brought him to power, and his powers were circumscribed by the military and security establishment. In addition, the country continued to drift towards civil war, with increasing Islamist violence in the regions surrounding Algiers and brutal military countermeasures both escalating the situation. The political scene remained chaotic, the economy was fraying, and Boudiaf seemed unable to effectively carry out the reforms he had promised.

Death and legacy[edit]

For more details on this topic, see The assassination of President Mohamed Boudiaf.

On June 29, 1992, Boudiaf's term as HCE chairman was cut short when he was assassinated by a bodyguard during a televised public speech at the opening of a cultural center in Annaba, on his first visit outside Algiers as head of state. The murder caused intense shock in Algeria, and remains a moment of iconic importance in the country's modern history. Boudiaf himself has gained considerably in political stature after his death, and is now referred to by many political commentators as a martyr for Algeria, with many arguing that he could have been the country's savior.


The assassin, Lieutenant Lambarek Boumaarafi, was said to have acted as a lone gunman due to his Islamist sympathies. He was sentenced to death in a closed trial in 1995, but the sentence was not carried out. The murder has, unsurprisingly, been subject to significant controversy and a major magnet for Algerian conspiracy theories, with many suggesting that Boudiaf was in fact assassinated by the military establishment responsible for the coup (and for his installment as HCE chairman). These theories have centered on the fact that Boudiaf had recently initiated a drive against the corruption of the Algerian regime,[3] and stripped several important military officials of their posts.

Mohamed Boudiaf was survived by his wife, Fatiha Boudiaf. She remains insistent that his death has not been properly investigated.

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from this version of the equivalent article on the French Wikipedia.
  1. ^ Jacques Duchemin, Histoire du F. L. N., Editions Mimouni, Algiers 2006)
  2. ^ Horne, Alistair. A Savage War of Peace. p. 538.
  3. ^ Robert Fisk, The Great War For Civilisation; The Conquest of the Middle East (Fourth Estate, 2005), pp. 665-669.

Literature[edit]

  • Achour Cheurfi, La classe politique algérienne, de 1900 à nos jours. Dictionnaire biographique (Casbah Editions, 2nd edition, Algiers 2006)
Political offices
Preceded by
Chadli Bendjedid
President of Algeria
1992
Succeeded by
Ali Kafi
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