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1
Molokan singing 5-11-13 woodburn. Or
Molokan singing 5-11-13 woodburn. Or
::2013/05/12::
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2
izba_records \ Russkaya Muzyka Ансамбль Русская музыка
izba_records \ Russkaya Muzyka Ансамбль Русская музыка
::2008/10/30::
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3
Interview with chief elder of Russian Molokan community
Interview with chief elder of Russian Molokan community
::2013/10/15::
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4
Молокане из Ульяновки (Грузия) (4); Molokan from Ulyanovka (Georgia)
Молокане из Ульяновки (Грузия) (4); Molokan from Ulyanovka (Georgia)
::2014/04/20::
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5
Molokanlar / Molokans
Molokanlar / Molokans
::2012/02/10::
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6
пение молокан/molokan singing
пение молокан/molokan singing
::2013/03/01::
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7
Lesli Molokan
Lesli Molokan
::2014/01/24::
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8
Google; Religion Personal Truths; Molokans
Google; Religion Personal Truths; Molokans
::2011/08/27::
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9
Lesli Molokan (Toschpyro Vorschießen 08.11.2014)
Lesli Molokan (Toschpyro Vorschießen 08.11.2014)
::2014/11/08::
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10
Molokan Shower
Molokan Shower
::2013/03/17::
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11
Lesli Molokan
Lesli Molokan
::2014/10/25::
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12
Lesli Molokan und Hawkeye
Lesli Molokan und Hawkeye
::2014/10/11::
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13
Lesli - Molokan
Lesli - Molokan
::2014/04/27::
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14
Molokan (music)
Molokan (music)
::2011/12/03::
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15
04261 Molokan
04261 Molokan
::2014/05/26::
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16
Lesli Molokan [Full HD]
Lesli Molokan [Full HD]
::2014/11/27::
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17
Azerbaycan Sirleri - Molokan
Azerbaycan Sirleri - Molokan
::2012/12/07::
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18
Lesli - Molokan (Neuheit Silvester 2014 / 2015) [1080p Full HD]
Lesli - Molokan (Neuheit Silvester 2014 / 2015) [1080p Full HD]
::2014/10/11::
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19
Lesli Molokan - Neuheit 2014
Lesli Molokan - Neuheit 2014
::2014/10/09::
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20
TOP NEUHEIT 2014 Lesli - Molokan (Vorschießen Röder Feuerwerk) [1080p Full HD]
TOP NEUHEIT 2014 Lesli - Molokan (Vorschießen Röder Feuerwerk) [1080p Full HD]
::2014/07/19::
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21
Lesli Molokan (Kramer Vorschießen 15.11.2014)
Lesli Molokan (Kramer Vorschießen 15.11.2014)
::2014/11/16::
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22
Lesli Molokan
Lesli Molokan
::2014/11/11::
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23
NEUHEIT 2014 Lesli Molokan [HD]
NEUHEIT 2014 Lesli Molokan [HD]
::2014/04/29::
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24
Lesli   Molokan
Lesli Molokan
::2014/11/10::
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25
Molokan (music)
Molokan (music)
::2011/12/03::
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26
Molokans from Ivanovka (russian village in Azerbaijan)
Molokans from Ivanovka (russian village in Azerbaijan)
::2014/08/05::
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27
Molokan von Lesli Neuheit 2014
Molokan von Lesli Neuheit 2014
::2014/01/29::
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28
Molokan (music)
Molokan (music)
::2011/12/03::
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29
activFire Feuerwerkbatterie MOLOKAN
activFire Feuerwerkbatterie MOLOKAN
::2014/10/05::
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30
Lesli Molokan
Lesli Molokan
::2014/07/28::
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31
Молокане из Ульяновки (Грузия) (3); Molokan from Ulyanovka (Georgia)
Молокане из Ульяновки (Грузия) (3); Molokan from Ulyanovka (Georgia)
::2014/04/20::
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32
Молокане из Ивановки чтят традиции и не боятся перемен - life
Молокане из Ивановки чтят традиции и не боятся перемен - life
::2014/04/16::
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33
New Molokan Square 2
New Molokan Square 2
::2011/06/03::
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34
Lesli Silvesterzauber Molokan (2x geschossen)
Lesli Silvesterzauber Molokan (2x geschossen)
::2014/02/01::
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35
Lesli - Molokan
Lesli - Molokan
::2014/06/26::
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36
Molokan (music)
Molokan (music)
::2011/12/03::
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37
F2 Cakes - Molokan - Lesli (81 Schuss)
F2 Cakes - Molokan - Lesli (81 Schuss)
::2014/10/06::
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38
★ Molokan - Lesli ★
★ Molokan - Lesli ★
::2014/04/27::
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1 Молокане из Свободное (Грузия); Molokan from Svobodnoe (Georgia)
1 Молокане из Свободное (Грузия); Molokan from Svobodnoe (Georgia)
::2014/06/17::
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40
Molokan square. New editon. Baku, Azerbaijan
Molokan square. New editon. Baku, Azerbaijan
::2010/08/15::
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41
2 Молокане из Свободное (Грузия); Molokan from Svobodnoe (Georgia)
2 Молокане из Свободное (Грузия); Molokan from Svobodnoe (Georgia)
::2014/06/17::
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42
Молокане из Ульяновки (Грузия) (1); Molokan from Ulyanovka (Georgia)
Молокане из Ульяновки (Грузия) (1); Molokan from Ulyanovka (Georgia)
::2014/04/20::
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43
Qurd ev molokan erexanern artasanum en hayeren.mpg
Qurd ev molokan erexanern artasanum en hayeren.mpg
::2011/09/22::
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44
Molokan journey 2
Molokan journey 2
::2014/01/30::
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45
Lesli   Molokan
Lesli Molokan
::2014/11/17::
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46
Молокане из Ульяновки (Грузия) (2); Molokan from Ulyanovka (Georgia)
Молокане из Ульяновки (Грузия) (2); Molokan from Ulyanovka (Georgia)
::2014/04/20::
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47
Lesli Molokan
Lesli Molokan
::2014/12/21::
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48
CODMW2 Mp Accattone vs Molokan il russo
CODMW2 Mp Accattone vs Molokan il russo
::2012/09/03::
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49
Lesli - Molokan (04261)
Lesli - Molokan (04261)
::2014/11/21::
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Lesli Molokan (Toschpyro Vorschiessen)
Lesli Molokan (Toschpyro Vorschiessen)
::2014/11/13::
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Molokans (Russian: молокане for "milk-drinkers") are members of a Christian sect that evolved from "Spiritual Christian" Russian peasants who refused to obey the Russian Orthodox Church. Molokan practice was first sanctioned by the Nestorian Church in the 11th century in order to accommodate the conversion of some 200,000 Kerait Tatars, who lived on meat and milk, to Nestorian Christianity.[1] There were approximately 200 fasting days—especially the Great Fast (Lent)—when drinking milk was prohibited by the ecclesiastical authorities of the time. In contrast, they called themselves "true Spiritual Christians", rather than "milk-drinkers", because they could not accept the Russian Orthodox Church, nor the Protestant sects or the Catholic Church. They may have been influenced by an earlier religious sect of Armenian "Paulicians", who became known as the "Bogomils" of Thrace, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Serbia.

In a sense Molokans are similar to Western European Protestants for rejecting Orthodoxy, and like Presbyterians in that they have a council of dominant elders. Though Molokans are somewhat similar to the European Quakers and Mennonites—for their pacifism, communal organization, spiritual meetings, and sub-groupings—they are ethnically much closer to Doukhobors and Sabbatarians (Subbotniki) because they evolved from the same Russian Spiritual Christian movement of Khristovers and Ikonobors (icon-wrestlers), and migrated together with some intermarriage.

History[edit]

Russian settlers - possibly Molokans - in Azerbaijan's Mugan Steppe in the early 20th century. Photo taken between 1905 and 1915 by Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii.

During the reign of Ivan the Terrible (1547–1584), Matvei Simyonich Dalmatov, the first martyr of the Russian Molokan faith, split with the Nestorian Church and began to evangelize his family, his master, and local village members in and around the city of Tambov. Dalmatov carried this sectarian belief into Moscow, where a group of Mordvins heard his message and embraced it. Dalmatov was later martyred by Orthodox priests in a monastery prison by wheeling. Molokans were ostracized from Russian society in the 17th century for their refusal to bear arms and for their refusal to assist in any form of military service.

The term "Molokan" was used for the first time in the 1670s, in reference to the people who ignored the 200 fasting days, drinking milk (moloko means "milk" in Russian). Molokans themselves did not completely reject the name—even adding words like "drinking of the spiritual milk of God" (according to I Peter 2:2, "Like newborn babies, crave pure spiritual milk, so that by it you may grow up in your salvation").

Heretics were punished in Tsarist Russia. Beatings, torture, kidnapping, imprisonment, banishment, dismembering, killing, and other forms of punishment were inflicted upon Christians who rejected the Orthodox faiths. In the 19th century, the government's policy was to send the heretics away from the center of the country into Caucasus, especially Armenia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, central Asia, and Siberia.

A Molokan villager in Fioletovo, Armenia

At the end of the 19th century, there were about 500,000 Molokans within the Russia empire. Before World War I there was a well-known colony of Molokans that had been exiled to the Caucasus (an area long within Russian hegemony), mainly to what is now Georgia,[2] Armenia, Azerbaijan, and eastern Turkey (Kars plain).

After one-third During the early 20th century under his fellowship, about 2,000 Molokans (mostly of the Jumpers and Leapers Sect) left for the United States and settled in the Los Angeles area near the area of Boyle Heights, and some other parts of the West Coast and Canada. It is there that they influenced in practice and doctrine a later American Revival called "the Pentecostal Azusa Street Revival" near the beginning of the 20th century. The founder of The Full Gospel Business Men's Association associates this Pentecostal Revival to the child prophet of the Molokan Jumpers. When they arrived in Los Angeles, they were befriended by local settlement house director Dana W. Bartlett.[3] The Klubnikins continued to be involved in cattle and groceries, as they probably had done in the area of Tambov prior to exile. Others received a land grant from the Mexican government and settled in the Guadalupe Valley in Baja California, Mexico. An even smaller number of Constant Molokans fled Russia and settled mainly in the San Francisco, California and Sacramento, California areas.

Presently there are about 20,000 people who "ethnically identify themselves as Molokans". There are also approximately 200 Molokan churches, 150 of them in Russia and Azerbaijan. Approximately 25,000 Molokans reside in the United States, of which only about 5,000 "ethnically identify themselves as Molokans"; most of whom reside in California, Arizona, Oregon, Washington, Montana and Wyoming. Settlement of Molokans in southern Alaska during the 1960s was well documented. Molokans are said to be numerous in Canada; over 1,000 reside in the province of British Columbia and hundreds more in Alberta with their traditional communal lifestyle remaining intact.

Significant numbers of Molokans live throughout Russia (most in the North Caucasus), Southern Ukraine, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Central Asia, and in Northern California, U.S.A. The oldest active congregation meets in a prayer hall built in 1929 on Potrero Hill, San Francisco, California. In 1995, the Smithsonian Folklife Festival featured Molokans as one of their peoples.[citation needed]

Some Molokans adhere to the Old Testament kosher dietary laws and do not eat pork, shellfish, or other "unclean" foods. Some refuse to serve on juries or file lawsuits against fellow church members. Church services are conducted predominantly in the Russian language, men and women sit apart, and services are usually quite active – comparable to Pentecostal activities. Molokan families encourage endogamy.

Naming in the United States[edit]

Molokans are known for having different spellings of last names within the same immediate family.

Molokans are also known for having "first names" that aren't their legal names. Many common "first names" are actually based on nicknames from childhood within the church that stuck. These are not legal names, and as such become names that make tracing family history very difficult. For example "Hazel Valov" became known as "Percy Valov", for being very "persistent".

This naming process can help with family trees, but because so many relatives have similar names, and many nicknames aren't legal names, it can be complex.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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