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The BEST Snorkeling! | Pride of Maui
The BEST Snorkeling! | Pride of Maui
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: Pride of Maui
SNORKELING IN A VOLCANIC CRATER | Molokini, Hawaii
SNORKELING IN A VOLCANIC CRATER | Molokini, Hawaii
Published: 2017/02/26
Channel: Adrenaline Addiction
Maui Vlog: Molokini Crater and UNREAL Haleakala Sunset (Part 2)
Maui Vlog: Molokini Crater and UNREAL Haleakala Sunset (Part 2)
Published: 2016/12/18
Channel: Shanger Danger
Molokini Dive 2014 GoPro
Molokini Dive 2014 GoPro
Published: 2014/07/09
Channel: Matt Andrews
Molokini Crater, Maui, Hawaii (Snorkel)
Molokini Crater, Maui, Hawaii (Snorkel)
Published: 2014/01/07
Channel: Jason Cascio
Great White Shark - Molokini Maui Hawaii
Great White Shark - Molokini Maui Hawaii
Published: 2012/11/13
Channel: HawaiiOnTV
Molokini crater Maui snorkel
Molokini crater Maui snorkel
Published: 2016/07/10
Channel: Joshua Turner
Molokini ~ Maui Snorkeling ~ GoPro Comparison
Molokini ~ Maui Snorkeling ~ GoPro Comparison
Published: 2012/11/18
Channel: PaintPoet Media
Molokini Snorkeling, Maui
Molokini Snorkeling, Maui
Published: 2012/02/24
Channel: Leetopia
Snorkeling Molokini crater and Maui Coast
Snorkeling Molokini crater and Maui Coast
Published: 2014/09/29
Channel: A&R Adventures
Molokini Crater And Turtle Reef Snorkel
Molokini Crater And Turtle Reef Snorkel
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: Lawrence Ko
Back wall Molokini Maui with the Go pro Hero 3 Balck edition,Whales,Sahrks and more.
Back wall Molokini Maui with the Go pro Hero 3 Balck edition,Whales,Sahrks and more.
Published: 2013/02/03
Channel: Benjamin Iglesis
Fun on the Pride of Maui ~ Molokini Snorkel Tour
Fun on the Pride of Maui ~ Molokini Snorkel Tour
Published: 2014/08/23
Channel: EpiCapture Productions
Diving in Molokini and 5 Caves, Maui
Diving in Molokini and 5 Caves, Maui
Published: 2012/11/20
Channel: AmazingPlanet4U
Humpback Whales at Molokini Crater - Maui Hawaii
Humpback Whales at Molokini Crater - Maui Hawaii
Published: 2016/12/28
Channel: Ocean Pictures
Scuba Diving Molokini Crater Maui Hawaii
Scuba Diving Molokini Crater Maui Hawaii
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: Buck Vanderbilt
Molokini Snorkeling Four Winds Maui 2015
Molokini Snorkeling Four Winds Maui 2015
Published: 2015/10/04
Channel: Madeline Mar
Molokini Crater, Maui HI ~ DJI Inspire One
Molokini Crater, Maui HI ~ DJI Inspire One
Published: 2015/03/02
Channel: EpiCapture Productions
Scuba Diving Temple of Doom, Molokini Crater and Wall in Maui Hawaii
Scuba Diving Temple of Doom, Molokini Crater and Wall in Maui Hawaii
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: Sunfrost
Best Molokini Snorkeling
Best Molokini Snorkeling
Published: 2012/04/08
Channel: SNORKELINGDIVES.COM
THE MOLOKINI CRATER IS PURE EYE CANDY! | VLOG 48
THE MOLOKINI CRATER IS PURE EYE CANDY! | VLOG 48
Published: 2016/09/12
Channel: Marko Nikolic
Molokini Crater and Makena Snorkeling (GoPro Hero 4)
Molokini Crater and Makena Snorkeling (GoPro Hero 4)
Published: 2015/11/24
Channel: TheGoProEnthusiast
Free Diving at Molokini Crater
Free Diving at Molokini Crater
Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: TJ Jack
Maui
Maui's Best Molokini Snorkeling Tour
Published: 2013/06/14
Channel: fourwindssnorkeling
Shark sighting diving off Molokini Crater
Shark sighting diving off Molokini Crater
Published: 2013/09/20
Channel: Jeffrey Lang
Hawaii snorkeling: Molokini Crater and Turtle Town
Hawaii snorkeling: Molokini Crater and Turtle Town
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: Brittany Shanahan
Our Molokini SNORKELING ADVENTURE! | Pride of Maui
Our Molokini SNORKELING ADVENTURE! | Pride of Maui
Published: 2014/10/26
Channel: Pride of Maui
Molokini Back Wall Scuba Dive-Maui Hawaii with Humpack Whale Song!
Molokini Back Wall Scuba Dive-Maui Hawaii with Humpack Whale Song!
Published: 2016/05/13
Channel: Desert Diving
Molokini and turtle bay snorkeling (Maui, Hawaii) 4k video- Go Pro
Molokini and turtle bay snorkeling (Maui, Hawaii) 4k video- Go Pro
Published: 2016/04/28
Channel: Holiday Wallet
Snorkeling Molokini Crater with 100+ ft visibility - GoPro 1080p
Snorkeling Molokini Crater with 100+ ft visibility - GoPro 1080p
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: Alfred Wang
A SHARK AT MOLOKINI CRATER & SNORKELING TURTLE TOWN -  MAUI, HAWAII
A SHARK AT MOLOKINI CRATER & SNORKELING TURTLE TOWN - MAUI, HAWAII
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Melanie Teh
Molokini Backwall Dive
Molokini Backwall Dive
Published: 2014/08/21
Channel: Mark D
MOLOKINI ADVENTURE ABOARD CALYPSO
MOLOKINI ADVENTURE ABOARD CALYPSO
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: Boss Frog's Hawaii
Rare Sighting of Whale Shark Observed Near Molokini Crater
Rare Sighting of Whale Shark Observed Near Molokini Crater
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: Maui Now
Malolo Molokini Snorkeling Tour | Aerial Footage
Malolo Molokini Snorkeling Tour | Aerial Footage
Published: 2016/06/10
Channel: Boss Frog's Hawaii
SNORKELING IN HAWAII w/ Ocean Water Slide! Swim w/ Fish @ Molokini (FUNnel Vision Trip Maui Part 7)
SNORKELING IN HAWAII w/ Ocean Water Slide! Swim w/ Fish @ Molokini (FUNnel Vision Trip Maui Part 7)
Published: 2015/07/26
Channel: FUNnel Vision
SNUBA at Molokini Crater
SNUBA at Molokini Crater
Published: 2015/09/09
Channel: Nico M
Justin Martin - Molokini
Justin Martin - Molokini
Published: 2012/05/22
Channel: DIRTYBIRD
MOLOKINI SNORKEL
MOLOKINI SNORKEL
Published: 2016/01/01
Channel: SARLAPS
Malolo Boat Snorkeling Guide at Molokini in Maui Hawaii
Malolo Boat Snorkeling Guide at Molokini in Maui Hawaii
Published: 2016/06/25
Channel: domino1515
HD Aerial Footage of Molokini Crater - Maui, Hawaii
HD Aerial Footage of Molokini Crater - Maui, Hawaii
Published: 2010/07/17
Channel: MauiNion
Justin Martin -- Molokini (Pezzner
Justin Martin -- Molokini (Pezzner's Water Mammal Version)
Published: 2012/12/05
Channel: DIRTYBIRD
Swimming with sharks, mantas,barracudas at Molokini Maui Hawaii 2013
Swimming with sharks, mantas,barracudas at Molokini Maui Hawaii 2013
Published: 2013/01/21
Channel: Benjamin Iglesis
Trilogy Maui Snorkeling Tours to Molokini
Trilogy Maui Snorkeling Tours to Molokini
Published: 2011/09/12
Channel: blu
Snorkeling in Maui, Hawaii - GoPro (Molokini Crater, Makena Bay, Honolua Bay)
Snorkeling in Maui, Hawaii - GoPro (Molokini Crater, Makena Bay, Honolua Bay)
Published: 2015/03/21
Channel: Christian's Explorations
Surprise Snorkeling Trip to Molokini Crater
Surprise Snorkeling Trip to Molokini Crater
Published: 2016/01/27
Channel: Keith Knittel
Maui Snorkeling -  Hawaii Boat Trips to Molokini
Maui Snorkeling - Hawaii Boat Trips to Molokini
Published: 2010/08/11
Channel: Inesgardner
MAUI ADVENTURES: SNORKELING AT MOLOKINI CRATER
MAUI ADVENTURES: SNORKELING AT MOLOKINI CRATER
Published: 2017/04/09
Channel: Alyssa Mitchell
Molokini Snorkeling Trips? - Tom Barefoot
Molokini Snorkeling Trips? - Tom Barefoot's Tours
Published: 2016/01/29
Channel: Tom Barefoot's Tours
Trilogy Sailing - Maui, Lanai, Molokini - Sailing, Whale Watching, Scuba and Snorkel Tours
Trilogy Sailing - Maui, Lanai, Molokini - Sailing, Whale Watching, Scuba and Snorkel Tours
Published: 2011/10/01
Channel: Trilogy Excursions: Corporate Office + Store
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Molokini
Molokini Aerial.jpg
Aerial photo of Molokini
Geography
Location 20°38′00″N 156°29′46″W / 20.63333°N 156.49611°W / 20.63333; -156.49611[1]
Area 23 acres (9.3 ha)
Highest elevation 161 ft (49.1 m)
Administration
Hawaiʻi, United States
Demographics
Population 0

Molokini is a crescent-shaped, partially submerged volcanic crater which forms a small, uninhabited islet located in ʻAlalākeiki Channel between the islands of Maui and Kahoʻolawe, within Maui County in Hawaiʻi.

It is the remains of one of the seven Pleistocene epoch volcanoes that formed the prehistoric Maui Nui island, during the Quaternary Period of the Cenozoic Era.

The islet has an area of 23 acres (9.3 ha),[2] a diameter of about 0.4 miles (0.6 km), is 161 feet (50 m) at its highest point[3] and is located about 2.5 miles (4.0 km) west of Makena State Park and south of Maʻalaea Bay.

The islet is a Hawaiʻi State Seabird Sanctuary.

Recreation[edit]

Snorkel boats at Molokini Crater
Snorkel boats at Molokini Crater

Molokini is a popular tourist destination for scuba diving, snuba, and snorkeling. Its crescent shape protects divers from waves and the channel's powerful currents. However, experienced scuba divers will also drift dive off the 300-foot (91.5-meter) sheer outer wall, using the channel currents to carry them along. In the morning, when winds are calmer, smaller tour boats can also bring guests to safely snorkel the backwall of Molokini[4] as well.

The crater houses a lush reef with excellent visibility as deep as 150 feet (46 m). Molokini is home to about 250 species of fish, many endemic (see Ecology below). The best conditions occur in early morning.[5][citation needed] The water depth ranges from a single foot near the shore to 20–50 feet in the majority of the allowed dive spots.

Because Molokini attracts many boats, the Hawaii State Division of Boating and Recreation established mooring buoys and "Day Use Mooring Rules" for Molokini to protect against damage from dropped anchors. Its popularity has led many water-sport guides to lament that overcrowding has made the experience less attractive.

Mythology[edit]

Photo showing large island (Kahoʻolawe) mostly covered by cloud, and the smaller islet of Molokini with the South Maui coast in the foreground
Aerial view of Kahoʻolawe, Molokini and the Makena side of Maui

In Hawaiian legend, Molokini was a beautiful woman. She and Pele, the fire goddess, were in love with the same man. The jealous Pele cut her rival in two and transformed her into stone. The woman's head is supposedly Puʻu Olai, the cinder cone by Makena Beach.

This is one of various legends involving Molokini Crater.

History[edit]

Molokini Crater History

Potassium-argon dating by Yoshitomo Nishimitsu of Kyoto University indicates that Molokini erupted approximately 230,000 years ago.[6]

Archaeological evidence, primarily in the form of stone sinkers and lures, show that early Hawaiians visited Molokini to fish. They also likely harvested seabirds, eggs and feathers.[7]

During World War II, the United States Navy used Molokini for target practice, as its shape is somewhat similar to a battleship.[8] In 1975 and 1984, the Navy detonated in-place unexploded munitions found within the crater, resulting in the destruction of large areas of coral. This resulted in a public outcry. A thorough search and risky manual removal of unexploded munitions to deep water was carried out by volunteer divers as a result. As well, a 2006 survey found no evidence of unexploded munitions on the islet.[9] As a result of the extensive target practice, the southwest rim of the islet is fairly mutilated.

From the 1950s through the 1970s, commercial harvesting of black coral occurred in Molokini.[10]

In 1977 Molokini islet, the crater, and the surrounding 77 acres (31 ha) of underwater terrain were declared a Marine Life Conservation District (MLCD).[11]

Ecology[edit]

U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey marker on Molokini

Molokini crater is home to approximately 250 to 260 marine species. Most commonly observed among these are the black triggerfish, yellow tang, Moorish idol, parrotfish, raccoon butterflyfish and bluefin trevally. Due to constant exposure to park visitors and the long history as a conservation district, the fish of Molokini are extremely comfortable with the presence of nearby divers. Small whitetip reef sharks and moray eels are occasionally seen in the crater. In addition, Red pencil urchins can be seen quite frequently.

The waters of Molokini contain 38 hard coral species and approximately 100 species of algae. Although quite dense on the seafloor, they are not as densely packed as they had historically been due to the constant tourism and activity there.

The islet is home to at least two species of nesting seabirds — Bulwer's petrels and wedge-tailed shearwaters. Additionally great frigatebirds have been observed on Molokini islet.[8]

Restrictions on access and activities[edit]

Back-side of Molokini

Molokini islet is federally owned and is a state seabird sanctuary. Thus, unauthorized landing is prohibited. Permission to land must be obtained both from the U.S. Coast Guard and the Hawaii Division of Forestry and Wildlife.[8]

Regulations covering the Molokini Shoal MLCD (see History above) prohibit fishing, collection or removal of specimens, and fish feeding within its bounds. Additionally, dropping anchor within the MLCD is not permitted due to the potential of damage to the coral reef. Tour boat operators have been allocated fixed mooring points instead.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Molokini". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ "Molokini: Block 9000, Block Group 9, Census Tract 303.02, Maui County, Hawaii". United States Census Bureau. 
  3. ^ "CRAMP Study Sites: Molokini Island, Island of Maui". Coral Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program. University of Hawaii. Archived from the original on 2010-09-24. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  4. ^ "Snorkeling At Molokini". Retrieved September 5, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Hawaiiweb > Sites > Molokini". Archived from the original on January 2, 2002. Retrieved September 18, 2009. 
  6. ^ "USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory Update, Feb 8, 2001". 
  7. ^ "Molokini Crater History". 
  8. ^ a b c "Offshore Islet Restoration Committee". 
  9. ^ "Geology & History of Molokini". 
  10. ^ Severns, Mike; Fiene-Severns, Pauline (1993). Molokini Island: Hawaii's premier marine preserve. Pacific Islands Publishing, Inc. p. 19. 
  11. ^ "Maui - Molokini Shoal". Marine Life Conservation District. Hawaii Division of Aquatic Resources. Archived from the original on 2011-05-10. Retrieved 2011-03-27. 

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