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New To YouTube? Monetize Now! Here
New To YouTube? Monetize Now! Here's Why.
Published: 2015/05/21
Channel: Video Creators
How To Enable Your YouTube Channel For Monetization - GET PAID
How To Enable Your YouTube Channel For Monetization - GET PAID
Published: 2015/10/21
Channel: Technologyguru
WTF YouTube? taking away monetization???
WTF YouTube? taking away monetization???
Published: 2016/09/06
Channel: CaseyNeistat
Monetization Update
Monetization Update
Published: 2017/10/26
Channel: Creator Insider
YOUTUBE IS DYING !!! EXPLAINED  - Youtube Monetization Censorship
YOUTUBE IS DYING !!! EXPLAINED - Youtube Monetization Censorship
Published: 2017/03/30
Channel: Joey's Vlogs
How To Monetize Videos and Partner Your Youtube Channel Fast! (2017)
How To Monetize Videos and Partner Your Youtube Channel Fast! (2017)
Published: 2017/08/25
Channel: Alex
YouTube Removes Monetization For Smaller Channels With New Rules
YouTube Removes Monetization For Smaller Channels With New Rules
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: Censored Gaming
How to Enable Monetization after reaching 10k Views as per New Rule
How to Enable Monetization after reaching 10k Views as per New Rule
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: My Smart Support
How To Make Money On Youtube: Monetization
How To Make Money On Youtube: Monetization
Published: 2013/06/08
Channel: KevOnStage
How to Enable Monetization on YouTube
How to Enable Monetization on YouTube
Published: 2014/11/03
Channel: a2ztube Youtube Guide
NO MORE REACTION VIDEOS? YouTube
NO MORE REACTION VIDEOS? YouTube's New Monetization System
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: CUFBOYS
Yellow Dollar of Death - Youtube Algorithm and Monetization Issues
Yellow Dollar of Death - Youtube Algorithm and Monetization Issues
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: Petard
How to Monetize YouTube Channel Bangla 2017 | Earn Money from Youtube Bangla
How to Monetize YouTube Channel Bangla 2017 | Earn Money from Youtube Bangla
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: WinZone IT
How To Monetize your videos on YouTube and Earn Money 2016 hindi/urdu
How To Monetize your videos on YouTube and Earn Money 2016 hindi/urdu
Published: 2016/02/05
Channel: Hindi techtuts
HOW TO MONETIZE YOUTUBE CHANNEL ON ANDROID PHONE ! (Hindi)
HOW TO MONETIZE YOUTUBE CHANNEL ON ANDROID PHONE ! (Hindi)
Published: 2016/09/29
Channel: AK TECH
YOUTUBE DISABLES MONETIZATION FOR SMALL YOUTUBERS
YOUTUBE DISABLES MONETIZATION FOR SMALL YOUTUBERS
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: BIGOLBRANDON - Youtube News & More
YouTube Policy Update 2017 | Account Monetization Terms & Conditions | Earning will decrease 😂😂
YouTube Policy Update 2017 | Account Monetization Terms & Conditions | Earning will decrease 😂😂
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: How to Urdu
How to properly Enable Monetization on YouTube Channel - YTAdvise
How to properly Enable Monetization on YouTube Channel - YTAdvise
Published: 2016/12/23
Channel: YTAdvise
How Does YouTube Monetization Work?
How Does YouTube Monetization Work?
Published: 2015/11/11
Channel: RankYa
Heads Up:  YouTube Changing Monetization Policy
Heads Up: YouTube Changing Monetization Policy
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: John Hancock
How To Monetize YouTube Videos 2017
How To Monetize YouTube Videos 2017
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: Life Hacks
When Should You Start Monetizing?
When Should You Start Monetizing?
Published: 2015/09/11
Channel: Vid Authority
No PC !!!! How to monetize your YouTube videos!!!! No pc !!!! Only android
No PC !!!! How to monetize your YouTube videos!!!! No pc !!!! Only android
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: Hashtag technology
YouTube’s Monetization System – Debunked
YouTube’s Monetization System – Debunked
Published: 2017/10/20
Channel: Rationality Rules
How to Enable Monetization Of Your Youtube Channel By Phone/Full procedure in hindi
How to Enable Monetization Of Your Youtube Channel By Phone/Full procedure in hindi
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: Rajesh's Editing & Tech Tips
YouTube Monetization Options Section Updated
YouTube Monetization Options Section Updated
Published: 2015/11/02
Channel: Derral Eves
Latest YouTube monetization update impacts MILLIONS of videos  - DMW #53
Latest YouTube monetization update impacts MILLIONS of videos - DMW #53
Published: 2017/11/03
Channel: Noble Samurai
How to monetize Youtube videos?Youtube Video Ko Monetize Kaise Kare
How to monetize Youtube videos?Youtube Video Ko Monetize Kaise Kare
Published: 2016/12/26
Channel: Sawal Jawab
Youtube Is Shutting Down My Channel and Monetization
Youtube Is Shutting Down My Channel and Monetization
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: Tpindell
How YouTube Monetization Works 2014
How YouTube Monetization Works 2014
Published: 2014/12/14
Channel: Roberto Blake
How To Enable Monetization on YouTube 2016 - Enable Adsense on YouTube
How To Enable Monetization on YouTube 2016 - Enable Adsense on YouTube
Published: 2016/09/26
Channel: SuccessOnline - Grow Your Online Income
Fast Get back Monetization tab in 24h Proof/Re-Enable Monetization after Account Suspended 2016
Fast Get back Monetization tab in 24h Proof/Re-Enable Monetization after Account Suspended 2016
Published: 2016/09/02
Channel: ចៅមានុប Samedy OUER
Re Enable Monetization Problem Solved | Ads are not showing on My Videos
Re Enable Monetization Problem Solved | Ads are not showing on My Videos
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: Learning Zone
Introducing Facebook Ads:  Monetize Facebook page & website Part -1
Introducing Facebook Ads: Monetize Facebook page & website Part -1
Published: 2017/09/15
Channel: My Smart Support
How to enable monetize in which country it is disable...in bangla
How to enable monetize in which country it is disable...in bangla
Published: 2015/02/03
Channel: Shopno Baj
How To Enable Monetization On YouTube Channel 2017
How To Enable Monetization On YouTube Channel 2017
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Viral Videos
What is Triggering Limited Monetization?
What is Triggering Limited Monetization?
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: Shane Killian
[ Hindi ] How to monetize with ads youtube monetization problem solve
[ Hindi ] How to monetize with ads youtube monetization problem solve
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: mix video channel
Monetize a YouTube channel with Google Adsense. YouTube se kaise paise kamate hain?
Monetize a YouTube channel with Google Adsense. YouTube se kaise paise kamate hain?
Published: 2015/04/18
Channel: Kya Kaise
Tutorial On How To Set Up Monetization and Adsense On YouTube
Tutorial On How To Set Up Monetization and Adsense On YouTube
Published: 2014/06/01
Channel: TheGameHub
New YouTube Monetization Policy: Need 10,000 Lifetime Views to Earn Money [Hindi]
New YouTube Monetization Policy: Need 10,000 Lifetime Views to Earn Money [Hindi]
Published: 2017/04/08
Channel: News Remark
How To Fix "Not Eligible For Monetization" (Possible Fix)
How To Fix "Not Eligible For Monetization" (Possible Fix)
Published: 2016/07/06
Channel: Jimmy Moonshine
Should You Monetize Your YouTube Channel?!?
Should You Monetize Your YouTube Channel?!?
Published: 2013/08/27
Channel: The Breakdown
Why Isn
Why Isn't Monetization Available On Your Channel
Published: 2013/07/09
Channel: David WalshOnline
How to Enabled Youtube Monetization [Fix Disabled Problem] [Latest]- 2017 : To To Company
How to Enabled Youtube Monetization [Fix Disabled Problem] [Latest]- 2017 : To To Company
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: To To Company {Bengali}
Re-Enable || Monetization || In 24 Hours || Process || Explained || Hindi
Re-Enable || Monetization || In 24 Hours || Process || Explained || Hindi
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: HiTech Hindi Technology
How to Enable Monetization on YouTube Urdu Hindi Tutorial
How to Enable Monetization on YouTube Urdu Hindi Tutorial
Published: 2016/08/01
Channel: Tamoor Pardasi
How to active YouTube monetization first time 2016 for beginner 100% Working.
How to active YouTube monetization first time 2016 for beginner 100% Working.
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: Faadu Tech
How To Make Money With Facebook Page 2017 || FaceBook Monetization Tricks || Fb se paise kaise kamye
How To Make Money With Facebook Page 2017 || FaceBook Monetization Tricks || Fb se paise kaise kamye
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: Gaurav Kumar Gupta
Good News for New YouTubers, Monetization problems Solved !!TecHbangla!!
Good News for New YouTubers, Monetization problems Solved !!TecHbangla!!
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: TecH Bangla Pro
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Monetization (also written monetisation) is the process of converting or establishing something into legal tender. While it usually refers to the coining of currency or the printing of banknotes by central banks, it may also take the form of a promissory currency.

The term "monetization" may also be used informally to refer to exchanging possessions for cash or cash equivalents, including selling a security interest, charging fees for something that used to be free, or attempting to make money on goods or services that were previously unprofitable or had been considered to have the potential to earn profits. And data monetization refers to a spectrum of ways information assets can be converted into economic value.

Still another meaning of "monetization" denotes the process by which the U.S. Treasury accounts for the face value of outstanding coinage. This procedure can extend even to one-of-a-kind situations such as when the Treasury Department sold an extremely rare 1933 Double Eagle, the amount of $20 was added to the final sale price, reflecting the fact that the coin was considered to be issued into circulation as a result of the transaction.

Promissory currency[edit]

Such commodities as gold, diamonds and emeralds have generally been regarded by human populations as having intrinsic value within that population based on their rarity or quality and thus provide a premium not associated with fiat currency unless that currency is "promissory". That is, the currency promises to deliver a given amount of a recognized commodity of a universally (globally) agreed-to rarity and value, providing the currency with the foundation of legitimacy or value. Though rarely the case with paper currency, even intrinsically relatively worthless items or commodities can be made into money, so long as they are difficult to make or acquire.

Debt monetization[edit]

Debt monetization is the financing of government operations by the central bank.[1] If a nation's expenditure exceeds its revenues, it incurs a government deficit which can be financed by the government treasury by

  • money it already holds (e.g. income or liquidations from a sovereign wealth fund)
  • issuing new bonds

or by the central bank by

  • money it creates de novo

In the latter case, the central bank may purchase government bonds by conducting an open market purchase, i.e. by increasing the monetary base through the money creation process. If government bonds that have come due are held by the central bank, the central bank will return any funds paid to it back to the treasury. Thus, the treasury may "borrow" money without needing to repay it. This process of financing government spending is called "monetizing the debt".[1]

In most high-income countries the government assigns exclusive power to issue its national currency to a central bank[citation needed], but central banks may be forbidden by law from purchasing debt directly from the government. For example, the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (article 123) forbids EU central banks' direct purchase of debt of EU public bodies such as national governments. Their debt purchases have to be from the secondary markets. Monetizing debt is thus a two-step process where the government issues debt (Government bonds) to cover its spending and the central bank purchases the debt, holding it until it comes due, and leaving the system with an increased supply of money.

Debt monetization and inflation[edit]

When government deficits are financed through debt monetization the outcome is an increase in the monetary base, shifting the aggregate-demand curve to the right leading to a rise in the price level (unless the money supply is infinitely elastic).[2][3] When governments intentionally do this, they devalue existing stockpiles of fixed income cash flows of anyone who is holding assets based in that currency. This does not reduce the value of floating or hard assets, and has an uncertain (and potentially beneficial) impact on some equities. It benefits debtors at the expense of creditors and will result in an increase in the nominal price of real estate. This wealth transfer is clearly not a Pareto improvement but can act as a stimulus to economic growth and employment in an economy overburdened by private debt.[citation needed] It is in essence a "tax" and a simultaneous redistribution to debtors as the overall value of creditors' fixed income assets drop (and as the debt burden to debtors correspondingly decreases). If the beneficiaries of this transfer are more likely to spend their gains (due to lower income and asset levels) this can stimulate demand and increase liquidity. It also decreases the value of the currency - potentially stimulating exports and decreasing imports - improving the balance of trade. Foreign owners of local currency and debt also lose money. Fixed income creditors experience decreased wealth due to a loss in spending power. This is known as "inflation tax" (or "inflationary debt relief"). Conversely, tight monetary policy which favors creditors over debtors even at the expense of reduced economic growth can also be considered a wealth transfer to holders of fixed assets from people with debt or with mostly human capital to trade (a "deflation tax").

A deficit can be the source of sustained inflation only if it is persistent rather than temporary, and if the government finances it by creating money (through monetizing the debt), rather than leaving bonds in the hands of the public.[4]

Revenue from business operations[edit]

In some industry sectors such as high technology and marketing, monetization is a buzzword for adapting non-revenue-generating assets to generate revenue. Web sites and mobile apps that do generate revenue are often monetized via advertisements, subscription fees or (in the case of mobile) in-app purchases. In the music industry, monetization happens when a recording artist puts a video on the Internet and the platform where it appears shows advertisements before, during, or after the video. For each public viewing, the advertising revenue is shared with the artist or others who hold rights to the video content.[5] A previously free product may have premium options added thus becoming freemium.

Failure to monetize web sites due to an inadequate revenue model was a problem that caused many businesses to fold during the dot-com bust. David Sands, CTO for Citibank Equity Research, affirmed that failure to achieve monetization of the Research Analysts' models as the reason the de-bundling of Equity Research has never taken hold.

Monetization of non-monetary benefits[edit]

Monetization is also used to refer to the process of converting some benefit received in non-monetary form (such as milk) into a monetary payment. The term is used in social welfare reform when converting in-kind payments (such as food stamps or other free benefits) into some "equivalent" cash payment. From the point of view of economics and efficiency, it is usually considered better to give someone a monetary equivalent of some benefit than the benefit (say, a liter of milk) in kind.

  • Inefficiency: in the latter situation people who may not need milk cannot get something of equivalent value (without subsequently trading or selling the milk).
  • Black market growth: people who need something other than milk may sell it. In many circumstances, this action may be illegal and considered fraudulent. For example, Moscow pensioners (see below for details) often give their personal cards that allow free usage of local transport to relatives who use public transport more frequently.
  • Changes on the market: supply of milk to the market is reduced by the amount distributed to the privileged group, so the price and availability of milk may change.
  • Corruption: firms that should give this benefit have an advantage as they have guaranteed consumers and the quality of the goods supplied is controlled only administratively, not by market competition. So, bribes to the body that choose such firms and/or maintain control can take place.

Russian social welfare monetization of 2005[edit]

In 2005, Russia transformed most of its in-kind benefits into monetary compensation.

Before this reform there were a large system of preferences: free/reduced price of travels on local transport, free supply of drugs, free health resort treatment, etc. for diverse categories of society: military personnel, the disabled, and separately, persons disabled due to World War II, Chernobyl liquidators, inhabitants of Leningrad during the siege, former political prisoners, and for all pensioners (that is, women 55+, men 60+). This system was a legacy of the Soviet Union, but it was heavily extended by populist laws passed by central and regional authorities during the 1990s.

By the law 122-ФЗ of 22 August 2004, this system was converted into cash payments by various means:

  • abolition of preference, compensated by raising of wage (e.g. free use of local transport for military personnel) or pension (e.g. different preferences for Chernobyl liquidators)
  • for the three most important preferences (free local transport, 50%-price suburban rail transport, free supply of drugs): a choice between the preference and some extra money.

The main causes of friction in the reform were the following:

  • technical and bureaucratic problems (e.g. for usage of the 50% discount for suburban rail transport, a person would need to present a paper from the local State Pension Fund office stating that he/she doesn't choose monetary compensation);
  • separation of all preference-recipients into federal and regional according to the body authorizing the preference. The largest group — pensioners — was regional, and this caused most of the problems:
    • In poor regions, financial pressure caused the local government to abolish these preferences with little or no compensation to the former recipients.
    • Even if the preferences were retained, they would apply only to pensioners of the region in question. Thus, pensioners from the Moscow Oblast (administrative region), for example, could not freely use the metro and buses in Moscow proper, because these are two different local governments. Later, most of these problems would be solved by a series of bi-lateral agreements between neighboring regions.

A wave of protests emerged in various parts of Russia in the beginning of 2005 as this law started to take effect. The government responded with measures that eventually addressed the most pressing of the protesters' concerns (raising of compensations, normalization of bureaucratic mechanisms, etc.).

The long-term effects of the monetization reform varied for different groups. Some people received compensation in excess of the services they had previously received (e.g. in rural areas without any local transport, the free transport benefit was of little value), while others found the compensation to be insufficient to cover the cost of the benefits they had previously depended on. Transport companies and railroads have benefitted from monetization as they now collect higher revenue from the use their services by pensioners who had previously ridden at the government's expense. (In some regions, more than half of the passengers formerly did not pay for municipal transport, but the government did not compensate the transport companies for the full fare of these passengers.) Effects on the medical system are controversial. Doctors and nurses have to fill out many forms in order to receive compensation from the government for services provided to pensioners, thus reducing the time that they have to provide medical services.

United States agricultural policy[edit]

In United States agricultural policy, "monetization" is a P.L. 480 provision (section 203) first included in the Food Security Act of 1985 (P.L. 99-198) that allows private voluntary organizations and cooperatives to sell a percentage of donated P.L. 480 commodities in the recipient country or in countries in the same region. Under section 203, private voluntary organizations or cooperatives are permitted to sell (i.e., monetize) for local currencies or dollars an amount of commodities equal to not less than 15% of the total amount of commodities distributed in any fiscal year in a country. The currency generated by these sales can then be used: to finance internal transportation, storage, or distribution of commodities; to implement development projects; or to invest and with the interest earned used to finance distribution costs or projects.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Economics of Money, Banking, and the Financial Markets 7ed, Frederic S. Mishkin
  2. ^ The Economics of Money, Banking, and the Financial Markets 7ed, Mishkin
  3. ^ The economics of the platinum coin option The Economist January 9, 2013
  4. ^ The Economics of Money, Banking, and the Financial Markets 7ed, Mishkin
  5. ^ Wixen, Randall W. (2005). The Plain & Simple Guide to Music Publishing. home: Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 180. ISBN 978-1-4803-5462-3. 
  6. ^ CRS Report for Congress: Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws, 2005 Edition - Order Code 97-905 Archived 10 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

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