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Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 1 (Introduction) CBSE class 11 XI
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 1 (Introduction) CBSE class 11 XI
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: ExamFear Education
Class 11th Biology for AIPMT - Morphology of flowering plants - Flower Part-1 by Plancess
Class 11th Biology for AIPMT - Morphology of flowering plants - Flower Part-1 by Plancess
Published: 2016/04/14
Channel: Plancess
Morphology Of Flowering Plants Short Tricks|Ncert Biology For NEET|AIIMS|JIPMER|Class 11
Morphology Of Flowering Plants Short Tricks|Ncert Biology For NEET|AIIMS|JIPMER|Class 11
Published: 2017/03/30
Channel: BiologyByte
Bacterial Morphology Part 1
Bacterial Morphology Part 1
Published: 2011/09/20
Channel: LCMicrobiology
Morphology in Plants | Morphology in Biology | CBSE Biology Class XI | +1 Biology
Morphology in Plants | Morphology in Biology | CBSE Biology Class XI | +1 Biology
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: Wikitechy School
Biology - Morphology and Anatomy - Earthworm - (SAT Biology)
Biology - Morphology and Anatomy - Earthworm - (SAT Biology)
Published: 2015/01/28
Channel: PerfectScores
Tricks to learn symmetry of flowers (morphology of flowering plants) for all biology exams.
Tricks to learn symmetry of flowers (morphology of flowering plants) for all biology exams.
Published: 2017/04/24
Channel: Vipin Sharma Biology Tutorials
What is MORPHOLOGY? What does MORPHOLOGY mean? MORPHOLOGY meaning, definition & explanation
What is MORPHOLOGY? What does MORPHOLOGY mean? MORPHOLOGY meaning, definition & explanation
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: The Audiopedia
Morphology of Flowering Plants by M.Asad Qureshi (MAQ) Sir (ETOOSINDIA.COM)
Morphology of Flowering Plants by M.Asad Qureshi (MAQ) Sir (ETOOSINDIA.COM)
Published: 2016/01/29
Channel: Etoos Education
Morphology Of Flowering Plants
Morphology Of Flowering Plants
Published: 2010/05/04
Channel: TutorVista
Trick to learn types of ovary (Morphology of flowering plants) for all biology exams.
Trick to learn types of ovary (Morphology of flowering plants) for all biology exams.
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Vipin Sharma Biology Tutorials
Biology - Morphology and Anatomy - Frog - (SAT Biology)
Biology - Morphology and Anatomy - Frog - (SAT Biology)
Published: 2015/01/29
Channel: PerfectScores
XI - Biology - Morphology Of Flowering Plants
XI - Biology - Morphology Of Flowering Plants
Published: 2013/10/10
Channel: Ednexa HSC
Morphology Biology Assignment
Morphology Biology Assignment
Published: 2016/04/25
Channel: Dani Becker
Morphology and anatomy
Morphology and anatomy
Published: 2016/11/28
Channel: Educational Office
Biology - Morphology and Anatomy - Cockroach - (SAT Biology)
Biology - Morphology and Anatomy - Cockroach - (SAT Biology)
Published: 2015/01/28
Channel: PerfectScores
Morphology of Flowering Plants  | Class 11+12 Biology Video Lectures In English
Morphology of Flowering Plants | Class 11+12 Biology Video Lectures In English
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: Dronstudy
tricks to learn plant morphology
tricks to learn plant morphology
Published: 2017/03/25
Channel: Biology Tricks by vikas soni
Trick to learn Aestivation ( Morphology of flowering plants ) for all biology exams .
Trick to learn Aestivation ( Morphology of flowering plants ) for all biology exams .
Published: 2017/04/22
Channel: Vipin Sharma Biology Tutorials
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 20 (Flower Structure) CBSE class 11 XI
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 20 (Flower Structure) CBSE class 11 XI
Published: 2014/08/14
Channel: ExamFear Education
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 13 (Leaf: parts-lamina, Petiole, Stipule) CBSE class 11
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 13 (Leaf: parts-lamina, Petiole, Stipule) CBSE class 11
Published: 2014/08/11
Channel: ExamFear Education
Morphology of Flowering Plant By SB Mam
Morphology of Flowering Plant By SB Mam
Published: 2017/06/03
Channel: Etoos Education
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 19 (Flower: inflorescense) CBSE class 11
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 19 (Flower: inflorescense) CBSE class 11
Published: 2014/08/14
Channel: ExamFear Education
#35. Placentation - Morphology of flowering plants NEET NCERT BIOLOGY - 2017 Re-Upload
#35. Placentation - Morphology of flowering plants NEET NCERT BIOLOGY - 2017 Re-Upload
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: NEET NCERT BIOLOGY
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 3 (Root types: Primary, Fibrous ) CBSE class 11
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 3 (Root types: Primary, Fibrous ) CBSE class 11
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: ExamFear Education
SSC CGL Biology : Morphology of flowering plants - Part 3
SSC CGL Biology : Morphology of flowering plants - Part 3
Published: 2016/06/06
Channel: SSC CGL Pinnacle Coaching
Morphology of Flowering Plants | Biology | Class 11 | NEET | AIIMS | askIITians
Morphology of Flowering Plants | Biology | Class 11 | NEET | AIIMS | askIITians
Published: 2015/06/16
Channel: askiitians
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 31 (Seed : Structure & types ) CBSE class 11 XI
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 31 (Seed : Structure & types ) CBSE class 11 XI
Published: 2014/08/22
Channel: ExamFear Education
Morphology of Flowering Plants | NEET | Crash Course | Class 11
Morphology of Flowering Plants | NEET | Crash Course | Class 11
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: BioEntrance Guru
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 29 (Simple fleshy, dry, aggregate) CBSE class 11 XI
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 29 (Simple fleshy, dry, aggregate) CBSE class 11 XI
Published: 2014/08/21
Channel: ExamFear Education
Morphology of Flowering Plants Top Most Imp. Points for NEET 2017
Morphology of Flowering Plants Top Most Imp. Points for NEET 2017
Published: 2017/04/24
Channel: NEETGURU
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 8 (Stem parts unctions, Modifications) CBSE class 11 XI
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 8 (Stem parts unctions, Modifications) CBSE class 11 XI
Published: 2014/08/08
Channel: ExamFear Education
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 2 (Root : Categories & Function) CBSE class 11 XI
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 2 (Root : Categories & Function) CBSE class 11 XI
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: ExamFear Education
Biology Plant Morphology for biology class 9 by Kota faculty
Biology Plant Morphology for biology class 9 by Kota faculty
Published: 2017/03/22
Channel: MISOSTUDY eLearning
Morphology of Angiosperms-II_Families
Morphology of Angiosperms-II_Families
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Aakash iTutor
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 28 (Fruits : Structure) CBSE class 11 XI
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 28 (Fruits : Structure) CBSE class 11 XI
Published: 2014/08/20
Channel: ExamFear Education
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 25 (Aestivation: types) CBSE class 11 XI
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 25 (Aestivation: types) CBSE class 11 XI
Published: 2014/08/19
Channel: ExamFear Education
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 16 (Types of Leaves: Simple, Compound) CBSE class 11 XI
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 16 (Types of Leaves: Simple, Compound) CBSE class 11 XI
Published: 2014/08/12
Channel: ExamFear Education
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 21 (Flower Parts : Calyx, Corolla) CBSE class 11
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 21 (Flower Parts : Calyx, Corolla) CBSE class 11
Published: 2014/08/15
Channel: ExamFear Education
Morphology of Cockroach, Class 9, Science- Biology
Morphology of Cockroach, Class 9, Science- Biology
Published: 2015/11/09
Channel: Extramarks
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 18 (Leaf Modification) CBSE class 11 XI
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 18 (Leaf Modification) CBSE class 11 XI
Published: 2014/08/13
Channel: ExamFear Education
PEECS Plus One Botany Morphology in Flowering Plants Part 01
PEECS Plus One Botany Morphology in Flowering Plants Part 01
Published: 2013/09/26
Channel: itsvicters
Trick for placentation in flowers( plant morphology) for NEET ,AIIMS ,JIPMER ,KVPY etc. Exams .
Trick for placentation in flowers( plant morphology) for NEET ,AIIMS ,JIPMER ,KVPY etc. Exams .
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: Vipin Sharma Biology Tutorials
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 5 (Root modification: Food storage) CBSE class 11 XI
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 5 (Root modification: Food storage) CBSE class 11 XI
Published: 2014/08/07
Channel: ExamFear Education
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 26 (Flowetr type) CBSE class 11 XI
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 26 (Flowetr type) CBSE class 11 XI
Published: 2014/08/19
Channel: ExamFear Education
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 11 (Sub-aerial stem) CBSE class 11
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 11 (Sub-aerial stem) CBSE class 11
Published: 2014/08/10
Channel: ExamFear Education
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 22 (Stamen: Structure & Arrangement) CBSE class 11 XI
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 22 (Stamen: Structure & Arrangement) CBSE class 11 XI
Published: 2014/08/15
Channel: ExamFear Education
Comparative Anatomy: What Makes Us Animals - Crash Course Biology #21
Comparative Anatomy: What Makes Us Animals - Crash Course Biology #21
Published: 2012/06/18
Channel: CrashCourse
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 17 (Phyllotaxy :Alternate, opposite) CBSE class 11
Biology Morphology of Flowering Plants part 17 (Phyllotaxy :Alternate, opposite) CBSE class 11
Published: 2014/08/13
Channel: ExamFear Education
Trick Morphology of flowering plants (floral diagram)  part 1
Trick Morphology of flowering plants (floral diagram) part 1
Published: 2017/02/24
Channel: Infinity Biophychem
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Morphology of a male Caprella mutica

Morphology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.[1]

This includes aspects of the outward appearance (shape, structure, colour, pattern, size), i.e. external morphology (or eidonomy), as well as the form and structure of the internal parts like bones and organs, i.e. internal morphology (or anatomy). This is in contrast to physiology, which deals primarily with function. Morphology is a branch of life science dealing with the study of gross structure of an organism or taxon and its component parts.

History[edit]

The word "morphology" is from the Ancient Greek μορφή, morphé, meaning "form", and λόγος, lógos, meaning "word, study, research".

While the concept of form in biology, opposed to function, backs to Aristotle (see Aristotle's biology), the field of morphology was developed by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1790) and independently by the German anatomist and physiologist Karl Friedrich Burdach (1800).[2]

Among other important theorists of morphology are Lorenz Oken, Georges Cuvier, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Richard Owen, Karl Gegenbaur and Ernst Haeckel.[3][4]

In 1830, Cuvier and Geoffroy engaged in a famous debate, which is said to exemplify the two major deviations in biological thinking at the time – whether animal structure was due to function or evolution.[5]

In English-speaking countries, the term "molecular morphology" has been used for some time for describing the structure of compound molecules, such as polymers [6] and ribonucleic acid (RNA). The term "gross morphology" refers to the collective structures or an organism as a whole as a general description of the form and structure of an organism, taking into account all of its structures without specifying an individual structure.

Divisions of morphology[edit]

  • Comparative Morphology is analysis of the patterns of the locus of structures within the body plan of an organism, and forms the basis of taxonomical categorization.
  • Functional Morphology is the study of the relationship between the structure and function of morphological features.
  • Experimental Morphology is the study of the effects of external factors upon the morphology of organisms under experimental conditions, such as the effect of genetic mutation.
  • "Anatomy" is a "branch of morphology that deals with the structure of organisms".[7]

Morphology and classification[edit]

Most taxa differ morphologically from other taxa. Typically, closely related taxa differ much less than more distantly related ones, but there are exceptions to this. Cryptic species are species which look very similar, or perhaps even outwardly identical, but are reproductively isolated. Conversely, sometimes unrelated taxa acquire a similar appearance as a result of convergent evolution or even mimicry. In addition, there can be morphological differences within a species, such as in Apoica flavissima where queens are significantly smaller than workers. A further problem with relying on morphological data is that what may appear, morphologically speaking, to be two distinct species, may in fact be shown by DNA analysis to be a single species. The significance of these differences can be examined through the use of allometric engineering in which one or both species are manipulated to phenocopy the other species.

3D cell morphology:classification[edit]

Invention and development of microscopy enable the observation of 3-D cell morphology with both high spatial and temporal resolution. The dynamic processes of these cell morphology which are controlled by a complex system play an important role in varied important biological process, such as immune and invasive responses.[8] [9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ . askoxford.com http://www.askoxford.com/concise_oed/morphology?view=uk. Retrieved 2010-06-24.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Mägdefrau, Karl (1992). Geschichte der Botanik [History of Botany] (2 ed.). Jena: Gustav Fischer Verlag. ISBN 3-437-20489-0. 
  3. ^ Richards, R. J. (2008). A Brief History of Morphology. In: The Tragic Sense of Life. Ernst Haeckel and the Struggle over Evolutionary Thought. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  4. ^ Di Gregorio, M. A. (2005). From Here to Eternity: Ernst Haeckel and Scientific Faith. Gottingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
  5. ^ Appel, Toby (1987). The Cuvier-Geoffroy Debate: French Biology in the Decades Before Darwin. New York: Oxford University Press.
  6. ^ "Polymer Morphology". ceas.uc.edu/. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  7. ^ "Anatomy – Definition of anatomy by Merriam-Webster". merriam-webster.com. 
  8. ^ A. D. Doyle, R. J. Petrie, M. L. Kutys, and K. M. Yamada, “Dimensions in cell migration,” Curr. Opin. Cell Biol., vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 642–649, 2013.
  9. ^ A. C. Dufour, T. Y. Liu, D. Christel, T. Robin, C. Beryl, T. Roman, G. Nancy, O.H. Alfred, and J. C. Olivo-Marin. "Signal Processing Challenges in Quantitative 3-D Cell Morphology: More than meets the eye." IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 30-40, 2015.


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