|2nd Governor of Vermont Republic|
|Preceded by||Thomas Chittenden|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Chittenden|
|United States Senator
October 17, 1791 – October 17, 1796
|Succeeded by||Isaac Tichenor|
March 22, 1741|
|Died||May 26, 1813
|Spouse(s)||Mary Fay (1st)
Susannah Howe (2nd)
|Profession||Politician, farmer, land speculator|
Moses Robinson (March 22, 1741 – May 26, 1813) was a prominent Vermont political figure. When Vermont was an independent country, he was its first chief justice and served a one-year term as governor. As governor he superintended the negotiations that led to Vermont's admission to the Union as the fourteenth state in the United States. He then served as one of the first two United States Senators from Vermont.
Robinson was born in Hardwick, Massachusetts where he spent his childhood. In 1761 he moved with his family to Bennington, in what would later become Vermont but was then governed as part of New Hampshire – the New Hampshire Grants. His father Samuel Robinson was an important leader of early Vermont, and died while in England attempting to resolve a dispute over whether New Hampshire or New York had the right to grant land and town charters in the New Hampshire Grants.
Moses Robinson soon became an important citizen of Bennington in his own right, serving as town clerk from 1762 to 1781. He farmed and speculated in land, and became active in the American independence movement, serving as a colonel in the Vermont militia during the American Revolution.
In 1778, when the government of Vermont was erected after Vermont declared independence in 1777, Robinson became a member of the governor's council and chief justice of the Vermont Supreme Court. In 1782 he was sent to the Continental Congress as a state agent to attempt to solve the ongoing governance dispute with New York. He served on the governor's council until 1785 and as chief justice until 1789, when he became governor of Vermont, replacing Thomas Chittenden. Robinson served as governor until October 1790, almost five months before Vermont was admitted as a state to the United States, and was succeeded by Chittenden.
Immediately after Vermont's admission to the Union in 1791, Robinson was elected by the Vermont General Assembly to one of Vermont's two United States Senate seats. He served in the Senate for five years of his six-year term, from October 17, 1791 to October 15, 1796, when he resigned. He became associated with the anti-administration faction and, later in his term, with the beginnings of the Democratic-Republican Party of Thomas Jefferson.
After his retirement from the Senate, Robinson moved back to Bennington and resumed farming and land speculation. He served in the Vermont House of Representatives in 1802.
Robinson died in Bennington, and is interred at the Old Bennington Cemetery.
Robinson married Mary Fay, daughter of Stephen Fay, a leader of Green Mountain Boys, and sister of Joseph Fay and David Fay. They had six sons: Moses, Aaron, Samuel, Nathan, Elijah, and Fay. His second wife, after Mary's death, was Susanah Howe.
Robinson was the older brother of Jonathan Robinson, who was also prominent in Vermont's political history. Governor John S. Robinson was the son of Nathan Robinson and the grandson of Moses Robinson.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Moses Robinson.|
|United States Senate|
none – first in line
|U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Vermont
|Governor of Vermont Republic